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The Evolution Of Hemispheric Specialization In Primates

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The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates

The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates Book
Author : William D. Hopkins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-09-18
ISBN : 9780080557809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hemispheric specialization, and lateralized sensory, cognitive or motor function of the left and right halves of the brain, commonly manifests in humans as right-handedness and left hemisphere specialization of language functions. Historically, this has been considered a hallmark of, and unique to, human evolution. Some theories propose that human right-handedness evolved in the context of language and speech while others that it was a product of the increasing motor demands associated with feeding or tool-use. In the past 20-25 years, there has been a plethora of research in animals on the topic of whether population-level asymmetries in behavioral processes or neuro-anatomical structures exist in animals, notably primates and people have begun to question the historical assumptions that hemispheric specialization is unique to humans. This book brings together various summary chapters on the expression of behavioral and neuro-anatomical asymmetries in primates. Several chapters summarize entire families of primates while others focus on genetic and non-genetic models of handedness in humans and how they can be tested in non-human primates. In addition, it makes explicit links between various theoretical models of the development of handedness in humans with the observed patterns of results in non-human primates. A second emphasis is on comparative studies of handedness in primates. There is now enough data in the literature across different species to present an evolutionary tree for the emergence of handedness (and perhaps other aspects of hemispheric specialization, such as neuro-anatomical asymmetries) and its relation to specific morphological and ecological adaptations in various primate species. * The first treatment of this important topic since 1998 * Examines the tenet that lateralization and handedness is a uniquely human character through evidence from higer and lower primates and with reference to other vertebrates. * Advances our understanding of the occurrence, evolution and significance of lateralization and handedness effects.

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans Book
Author : Joël Fagot
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780863779640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional cerebral specialization is a phenomenon of considerable relevance not only to those investigating normal brain function, but also to scientists who study and treat clinical populations. This special issue of "Laterality" brings together contributions from researchers studying human populations and those using animal models, and includes a discussion of the important issues in the field of lateralization of function. The papers address the origins of laterality and the nature of lateralized functions in various species, as well as relations among the different forms of lateralization. Included are such topics as lateralized memory processes, early experiential effects on laterality, the genetic basis of handedness, perceptual processing in the haptic or visual domain, and learning. Comparisons between human and non-human primate findings and the implications of these findings for our understanding of the phylogenetic basis of hemispheric specialization are also emphasized.; The papers are based on presentations at two symposia that took place in August 1996: "Issues in Laterality", held at the International Congress of Psychology in Montreal; and "Laterality and Hemispheric Specialization in Primates: Brain Behavior and Evolution", held at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, at the joint meetings of the "XVI Congress of the International Primatological Society" and the "XIX Conference of the American Society of Primatologists".

Primate Laterality

Primate Laterality Book
Author : Jeannette P. Ward,William D. Hopkins
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1993-03-25
ISBN : 9780387979618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book arrays recent research on the neural and behavioral lateralization of the brain relying heavily on animal modes. The authors employ the comparative method to enhance our understanding of behavior, specifically through hand use and "handedness" by drawing comparisons with studies involving primates. Topics discussed include Patterns of Lateralized Behavior in Prosimians; Behavioral Lateralization in Language-Trained Chimpanzees; Patterns of Handedness: Comparative Study of Nursery School Children and Captive Gorillas; and Rotational Behavior in Children and Adults. It is the first book of its kind devoted entirely to the question of behavioral asymmetries in all primates and thus presents a milestone as it recognizes the accumulating evidence of asymmetry and lateralized behavior in the non-human nervous system.

Evolution of Nervous Systems Theories development invertebrates

Evolution of Nervous Systems  Theories  development  invertebrates Book
Author : Jon H. Kaas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution of Nervous Systems Theories development invertebrates book written by Jon H. Kaas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience

The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The 2015 installment of The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience series features in-depth reviews exploring human brain lateralization. Specific topics include molecular genetics and genomics; changing views of language that offer new perspectives on the brain circuits and on their asymmetries; evidence showing that hemispheric lateralization is graded rather than binary and that it emerges dynamically over the course of development; the role that hemispheric lateralization plays in reasoning in the intact brain; a preliminary evaluation of two views of the evolution of hemispheric specialization with respect to behavioral and brain asymmetries in primates; and graded specialization within and between the anterior temporal lobes--key regions for the representation of semantic knowledge"--Résumé de l'éditeur.

Primate Laterality

Primate Laterality Book
Author : Jeannette P. Ward,William D. Hopkins
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146124370X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book arrays recent research on the neural and behavioral lateralization of the brain relying heavily on animal modes. The authors employ the comparative method to enhance our understanding of behavior, specifically through hand use and "handedness" by drawing comparisons with studies involving primates. Topics discussed include Patterns of Lateralized Behavior in Prosimians; Behavioral Lateralization in Language-Trained Chimpanzees; Patterns of Handedness: Comparative Study of Nursery School Children and Captive Gorillas; and Rotational Behavior in Children and Adults. It is the first book of its kind devoted entirely to the question of behavioral asymmetries in all primates and thus presents a milestone as it recognizes the accumulating evidence of asymmetry and lateralized behavior in the non-human nervous system.

Language Evolution

Language Evolution Book
Author : Gábor Győri
Publisher : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9783631365656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volume contains a selection of papers read at recent meetings of the Language Origins Society. The papers address the problem of the origins and evolution of language both as a biological capacity and as a symbol system. The discussions of these issues include approaches from such various fields as biology, ethology, linguistics, philosophy, primatology and psychology. The book is divided into three parts according to the main perspectives taken by the contributors. Part I addresses the relationship between evolution and language and deals with the problem of language origins specifically from various aspects within the framework of human evolution. Part II deals with the question of language structure and function as shaped by evolution. Part III discusses the views of three famous philosophers on language and how these views can be utilized in explanations of language origins.

Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Behavioral Biases

Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition  Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Behavioral Biases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-07
ISBN : 0128146729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition: Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Motor Biases, Volume 238, the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series, discusses interdisciplinary research on the influence of cerebral lateralization on cognition within an evolutionary framework. Chapters of note in this release include Evolutionary Perspectives: Visual/Motor Biases and Cognition, Manual laterality and cognition through evolution: An archeological perspective, Laterality in insects, Motor asymmetries in fish, amphibians and reptiles, Visual biases and social cognition in animals, Mother and offspring lateralized social interaction across animal species, Manual bias, personality and cognition in common marmosets and other primates, and more. Presents investigations of cognitive development in an evolutionary framework Provides a better understanding of the causal relationship between motor function and brain organization Brings clinicians and neuroscientists together to consider the relevance of motor biases as behavioral biomarkers of cognitive disorders Includes future possibilities for early detection and motor intervention therapies

Human Evolution

Human Evolution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human Evolution book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Perspectives in the Study of Primates

Perspectives in the Study of Primates Book
Author : Associazione primatologica italiana. Congresso
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Perspectives in the Study of Primates book written by Associazione primatologica italiana. Congresso, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Lopsided Ape

The Lopsided Ape Book
Author : Michael C. Corballis
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1993-06-10
ISBN : 9780198024521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How great is the evolutionary distance between humans and apes, and what is it that creates that gulf? Philosophers and scientists have debated the question for centuries, but Michael Corballis finds the mystery revealed in our right hands. For humans are the only primates who are predominantly right handed, a sign of the specialization of the left hemisphere of the brain for language. And that specialization, he tells us, makes a massive distance indeed, as he describes what exactly it means to be the lopsided ape. In The Lopsided Ape, Corballis takes us on a fascinating tour of the origins and implications of the specialization of the two halves of the brain--known as laterality--in human evolution. He begins by surveying current views of evolution, ranging from the molecular level--the role of viruses, for instance, in transporting genes between species--to the tremendous implications of such physical changes as walking on two feet. Walking upright freed our ancestors' arms for such things as tool-making and gesturing (a critical part of early language). Corballis argues that the evolution of the brain--and language--was intimately tied up with these changes: The proliferation of objects made by early hominids, in an increasingly artificial environment marked by social cooperation, demanded greater flexibility in communication and even in thinking itself. These evolutionary pressures spurred the development of laterality in the brain. He goes on to look at the structure of language, following the work of Noam Chomsky and others, showing how grammar allows us to create an infinite variety of messages. In examining communication between animals and attempts to teach apes and dolphins language, he demonstrates that only humans have this unlimited ability for expression--an ability that he traces back through hominid evolution. After this engrossing account of what we know about evolution, language, and the human brain, Corballis suggests that the left hemisphere has evolved a Generative Assembling Device, a biological mechanism that allows us to manipulate open-ended forms of representation and provides the basis for mathematics, reasoning, music, art, and play as well as language and manufacture. It is this device, he writes, that truly sets us off from the apes. Both a detailed account of human language and evolution and a convincing argument for a new view of the brain, The Lopsided Ape provides fascinating insight into our origins and the nature of human thought itself.

Laboratory Primate Newsletter

Laboratory Primate Newsletter Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Animal Behaviour Abstracts

Animal Behaviour Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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International Journal of Primatology

International Journal of Primatology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Evolution of the Human Brain Through Runaway Sexual Selection

Evolution of the Human Brain Through Runaway Sexual Selection Book
Author : Geoffrey Miller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Group Decision Making in Humans and Animals

Group Decision Making in Humans and Animals Book
Author : Larissa Conradt,Christian List
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780854037360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Group Decision Making in Humans and Animals book written by Larissa Conradt,Christian List, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioacoustics

Bioacoustics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Primate Report

Primate Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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