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The Epigenome And Developmental Origins Of Health And Disease

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The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Book
Author : Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-10
ISBN : 0128016728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease synthesizes the existing knowledge on how the in utero environment could be the most important environment in shaping later risk for various diseases or to conversely promote the health of the offspring. The book mines the existing literature from a variety of disciplines from toxicology to nutrition to epigenetics to reveal how contrasting maternal in utero environmental changes might be leading to epigenetic convergence and the resulting deleterious phenotypic and physiological effects in our offspring. It is increasingly becoming apparent that even subtle changes in the mother’s diet, stress, and exposure to low concentrations of toxic chemicals at levels deemed safe by the EPA and FDA, such as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC), can dramatically impact the health of our children, possibly leading to metabolic, cardiovascular, immunological, neurobehavioral disorders, and increased risk for cancer to list but a few examples. Informs how everyday choices pregnant women make can impact child development Ties together how in utero environmental changes may be inducing epigenetic changes in the offspring leading to overlapping phenotypes regardless of the initial insult (toxic, nutrition, or stress) Includes a boxed-in area in each chapter for further references and resources to keep up with the field Features video interviews with the authors and other key leaders in the field

Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Book
Author : Peter Gluckman,Mark Hanson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-04-20
ISBN : 9780521847438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This landmark publication provides the first definitive account of how and why subtle influences on the fetus and during early life can have such profound consequences for adult health and diseases. Although the epidemiological evidence for this link has long proved compelling, it is only much more recently that the scientific and physiological basis has begun to be studied in depth and fully understood. The compilation, written by many of the world's leading experts in this exciting field, summarizes these scientific and clinical advances.

Twin and Family Studies of Epigenetics

Twin and Family Studies of Epigenetics Book
Author : Shuai Li,John Hopper
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 0128209526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Twin and Family Studies of Epigenetics, Volume 29, the latest release in the Translational Epigenetics series, gathers expert opinions on epigenetic twin and family study research methods, recent findings across various disease areas, and future directions. The book provides in-depth coverage of epigenetics fundamentals, twin and family epigenetic study design, and the broader role of epigenetics in answering questions on the developmental origins of health and disease. Throughout the volume, twin and family studies are employed to examine causes of epigenetic variation, the relationship between epigenetic modifications and mental illness, cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and more. Emerging research methods applied in twin and family studies discussed include imaging epigenetics, exposure-specific DNA methylation changes, and unravelling time trends in epigenetic effects. Offers a practical, interdisciplinary approach across epigenetics, epidemiology and various disease specialties Applies epigenetic twin and family studies to determine the relationship between epigenetics and mental illness, cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure, among other diseases and disorders Features chapter contributions from a wide range of international researchers in the field

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Book
Author : Cheryl Rosenfeld
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 9781974804108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease book written by Cheryl Rosenfeld, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Developmental Origins of Health and Disease DOHaD

Developmental Origins of Health and Disease  DOHaD  Book
Author : Takeo Kubota,Hideoki Fukuoka
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-28
ISBN : 9811055262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD), a new medical concept that demonstrates that various adult diseases start in the fetal period. It discusses our current understanding of the molecular mechanisms of DOHaD, including gene body epigenetics and non-coding RNA, and comprehensively examines diseases such type 2 diabetes, a well known as standard DOHaD-associated disease, as well as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hypertension and neurodevelopmental disorders. It argues that most adult diseases start at a very early stage, such as in the fetal and neonatal periods, and that earlier prevention and intervention would result in better outcomes for adult diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiac disorders, which are increasing in both developed and developing countries. The book appeals to obstetricians and pediatricians, as well as physicians who treat adult patients, wanting to understand the origins of diseases.

Translational Toxicology and Therapeutics

Translational Toxicology and Therapeutics Book
Author : Michael D. Waters,Claude L. Hughes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-11-10
ISBN : 1119023629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by leading research scientists, this book integrates current knowledge of toxicology and human health through coverage of environmental toxicants, genetic / epigenetic mechanisms, and carcinogenicity. Provides information on lifestyle choices that can reduce cancer risk Offers a systematic approach to identify mutagenic, developmental and reproductive toxicants Helps readers develop new animal models and tests to assess toxic impacts of mutation and cancer on human health Explains specific cellular and molecular targets of known toxicants operating through genetic and epigenetic mechanisms

Epigenetics

Epigenetics Book
Author : Joel Wallach,Ma Lan,Gerhard N. Schrauzer
Publisher : SelectBooks, Inc.
Release : 2014-05
ISBN : 1590792556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

WHAT IS EPIGENETICS? Epigenetics is an emerging field of science that studies alterations in gene expression caused by factors other than changes in the DNA sequence. Epigenetics: The Death of the Genetic Theory of Disease Transmission is the result of decades of research and its findings that could be as critical to our understanding of human health as Pasteur’s research in bacteriology. Dr. Joel “Doc” Wallach has dedicated his life work to identifying connections between certain nutritional deficiencies and a range of maladies, formerly thought to be hereditary, including Cystic Fibrosis and Muscular Dystrophy. This nexus between nutrition and so-called genetic disease has been observed in both humans and primates, and it is the central theme of Epigenetics. To bring us Epigenetics, Wallach has teamed with noted scholars Dr. Ma Lan and Dr. Gerhard N. Schrauzer. Their collective expertise gives this book its far reaching perspective. Epigenetics is of vital importance to anyone who wants real knowledge about how the human body functions, and it provides a path for better health. Epigentics dispels the dogma and misinformation propagated by medical institutions and doctors resistant to change. Epigenetics is the beginning of a new era of well-being on this planet.

Environmental Epigenetics

Environmental Epigenetics Book
Author : L. Joseph Su,Tung-chin Chiang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 1447166787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Pre emptive Medicine Public Health Aspects of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

Pre emptive Medicine  Public Health Aspects of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Book
Author : Fumihiro Sata,Hideoki Fukuoka,Mark Hanson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-11
ISBN : 9811321949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews public health activities such as awareness campaigns, health education, and strategies for health policy based on recent epidemiological studies that provide insights into epigenetic processes caused by environmental factors and developmental plasticity. It provides the latest concepts and findings on the public health aspects of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) research regarding early prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Attention is especially paid to key issues, including strategies for the effective prevention of NCDs in developmental stages of life and younger generations rather than in adults and the elderly. Public Health Aspects in Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) is structured in two parts; the first focuses on general remarks reviewing specific recommendations, practical methods and protocols, and future goals regarding public health aspects, while the second presents brief profiles of individual cohorts and consortia studies. This collection will benefit both new and established researchers, as well as students in the fields of epidemiology, clinical medicine, nutrition, education, and public health who are seeking comprehensive information on DOHaD and preemptive medicine.

Epigenetic Epidemiology

Epigenetic Epidemiology Book
Author : Karin B. Michels
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-02
ISBN : 9400724950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exploding field of epigenetics is challenging the dogma of traditional Mendelian inheritance. Epigenetics plays an important role in shaping who we are and contributes to our prospects of health and disease. While early epigenetic research focused on plant and animal models and in vitro experiments, population-based epidemiologic studies increasingly incorporate epigenetic components. The relevance of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, genomic imprinting, and histone modification for disease causation has yet to be fully explored. This book covers the basic concepts of epigenetic epidemiology, discusses challenges in study design, analysis, and interpretation, epigenetic laboratory techniques, the influence of of age and environmental factors on shaping the epigenome, the role of epigenetics in the developmental origins hypothesis, and provides the state of the art on the epigenetic epidemiology of various health conditions including childhood syndromes, cancer, infectious diseases, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders, diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders, and atherosclerosis. With contributions from: Peter Jones, Jean-Pierre Issa, Gavin Kelsey, Robert Waterland, and many other experts in epigenetics!

Nutrigenomics and Proteomics in Health and Disease

Nutrigenomics and Proteomics in Health and Disease Book
Author : Martin Kussmann,Patrick J. Stover
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-05-08
ISBN : 1119098831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This volume brings together leading experts in the areas of nutrition, nutrigenomics, metabolic programming, food-based bioactive dietary components and the gut microbiome, as well as those expert in the application of innovative tools and methods for statistical and biological network analysis, which are now at the forefront of nutritional and biomedical sciences. The articles provide a roadmap for the integration of normative science methods and approaches with more comprehensive systems biology-based investigations that deploy a multitude of omic platforms. This integration is essential to escape the bottleneck in knowledge generation by applying decades of knowledge of nutrients and their function to comprehensive omics and clinical data acquisition, processing, visualization, and interpretation. Achieving a systems-level understanding of nutrient function in health and disease will usher in an age of precision nutrition in support of maximizing human health and potential"--

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity Book
Author : Alexey Moskalev,Alexander M. Vaiserman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 012811083X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity provides an in-depth analysis of the epigenetic nature of aging and the role of epigenetic factors in mediating the link between early-life experiences and life-course health and aging. Chapters from leading international contributors explore the effect of adverse conditions in early-life that may result in disrupted epigenetic pathways, as well as the potential to correct these disrupted pathways via targeted therapeutic interventions. Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance, epigenetic drug discovery, and the role of epigenetic mechanisms in regulating specific age-associated illnesses—including cancer and cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases—are explored in detail. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine, epigenetics, and biogerontology better understand the epigenetic determinants of aging and longevity, and ultimately aid in developing therapeutics to extend the human life-span and treat age-related disease. Offers a comprehensive overview of the epigenetic nature of aging, as well as the impact of epigenetic factors on longevity and regulating age-related disease Provides readers with clinical and epidemiological evidence for the role of epigenetic mechanisms in mediating the link between early-life experiences, life-course health and aging trajectory Applies current knowledge of epigenetic regulatory pathways towards developing therapeutic interventions for age-related diseases and extending the human lifespan

Genetic and Epigenetic Insights Into the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

Genetic and Epigenetic Insights Into the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Book
Author : Tesfaye B. Mersha,Fasil Tekola-Ayele,Daniel Enquobahrie
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-04-21
ISBN : 2889747476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Genetic and Epigenetic Insights Into the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease book written by Tesfaye B. Mersha,Fasil Tekola-Ayele,Daniel Enquobahrie, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nutritional Epigenomics

Nutritional Epigenomics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-20
ISBN : 0128173106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutritional Epigenomics offers a comprehensive overview of nutritional epigenomics as a mode of study, along with nutrition’s role in the epigenomic regulation of disease, health and developmental processes. Here, an expert team of international contributors introduces readers to nutritional epigenomic regulators of gene expression, our diet’s role in epigenomic regulation of disease and disease inheritance, caloric restriction and exercise as they relate to recent epigenomic findings, and the influence of nutritional epigenomics over circadian rhythms, aging and longevity, and fetal health and development, among other processes. Disease specific chapters address metabolic disease (obesity and diabetes), cancer, and neurodegeneration, among other disorders. Diet-gut microbiome interactions in the epigenomic regulation of disease are also discussed, as is the role of micronutrients and milk miRNAs in epigenetic regulation. Finally, chapter authors examine ongoing discussions of race and ethnicity in the social-epigenomic regulation of health and disease. Empowers the reader to employ nutritional epigenomics approaches in their own research Discusses the latest topics in nutritional epigenomics in the regulation of aging, circadian rhythm, inheritance and fetal development, as well as metabolism and disease Offers a full grounding in epigenetic reprogramming and nutritional intervention in the treatment and prevention of disease, as informed by population-based studies

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and Reproduction

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and Reproduction Book
Author : Sallie Han,Cecília Tomori
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-11-09
ISBN : 100045598X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and Reproduction is a comprehensive overview of the topics, approaches, and trajectories in the anthropological study of human reproduction. The book brings together work from across the discipline of anthropology, with contributions by established and emerging scholars in archaeological, biological, linguistic, and sociocultural anthropology. Across these areas of research, consideration is given to the contexts, conditions, and contingencies that mark and shape the experiences of reproduction as always gendered, classed, and racialized. Over 39 chapters, a diverse range of international scholars cover topics including: Reproductive governance, stratification, justice, and freedom. Fertility and infertility. Technologies and imaginations. Queering reproduction. Pregnancy, childbirth, and reproductive loss. Postpartum and infant care. Care, kinship, and alloparenting. This is a valuable reference for scholars and upper-level students in anthropology and related disciplines associated with reproduction, including sociology, gender studies, science and technology studies, human development and family studies, global health, public health, medicine, medical humanities, and midwifery and nursing.

Epigenetics in Human Disease

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book
Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123884152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

Handbook of Nutrition Diet and Epigenetics

Handbook of Nutrition  Diet  and Epigenetics Book
Author : Vinood Patel,Victor Preedy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-24
ISBN : 9783319555294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multivolume reference work addresses the fact that the well being of humankind is predicated not only on individuals receiving adequate nutrition but also on their genetic makeup. The work includes more than 100 chapters organized in the following major sections: Introduction and Overview; Epigenetics of Organs and Diseases in Relation to Diet and Nutrition; Detailed Processes in Epigenetics of Diet and Nutrition; Modulating Epigenetics with Diet and Nutrition; and Practical Techniques. While it is well known that genes may encode proteins responsible for structural and dynamic components, there is an increasing body of evidence to suggest that nutrition itself may alter the way in which genes are expressed via the process of epigenetics. This is where chemically imposed alteration in the DNA sequence occurs or where the functional expression of DNA is modulated. This may include changes in DNA methylation, non-coding RNA, chromatin, histone acetylation or methylation, and genomic imprinting. Knowledge regarding the number of dietary components that impact on epigenetic processes is increasing almost daily. Marshalling all the information on the complex relationships between diet, nutrition, and epigenetic processes is somewhat difficult due to the wide myriad of material. It is for this reason that the present work has been compiled.

Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health

Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health Book
Author : Matilda van den Bosch,William Bird
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-01-05
ISBN : 019103875X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human beings have always been affected by their surroundings. There are various health benefits linked to being able to access to nature; including increased physical activity, stress recovery, and the stimulation of child cognitive development. The Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health provides a broad and inclusive picture of the relationship between our own health and the natural environment. All aspects of this unique relationship are covered, ranging from disease prevention through physical activity in green spaces to innovative ecosystem services, such as climate change adaptation by urban trees. Potential hazardous consequences are also discussed including natural disasters, vector-borne pathogens, and allergies. This book analyses the complexity of our human interaction with nature and includes sections for example epigenetics, stress physiology, and impact assessments. These topics are all interconnected and fundamental for reaching a full understanding of the role of nature in public health and wellbeing. Much of the recent literature on environmental health has primarily described potential threats from our natural surroundings. The Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health instead focuses on how nature can positively impact our health and wellbeing, and how much we risk losing by destroying it. The all-inclusive approach provides a comprehensive and complete coverage of the role of nature in public health, making this textbook invaluable reading for health professionals, students, and researchers within public health, environmental health, and complementary medicine.

Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease

Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease Book
Author : Alfredo Ulloa-Aguirre,P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-12
ISBN : 0124167128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease describes the underlying basis of endocrine function, providing an important tool to understand the fundamentals of endocrine diseases. Delivering a comprehensive review of the basic science of endocrinology, from cell biology to human disease, this work explores and dissects the function of a number of cellular systems. Among these are those whose function was not obvious until recently, including the endocrine functions of bone and the adipose tissue. Providing content that crosses disciplines, Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease details how cellular endocrine function contributes to system physiology and mediates endocrine disorders. A methods section proves novel and useful approaches across research focus that will be attractive to medical students, residents, and specialists in the field of endocrinology, as well as to those interested in cellular regulation. Editors Alfredo Ulloa-Aguirre and P. Michael Conn, experts in molecular and cellular aspects of endocrinology, deliver contributions carefully selected for relevance, impact, and clarity of expression from leading field experts. Covers systemic endocrine action at the cellular level in both health and disease Delivers information on the integration of cell identity and endocrinology Incorporates recent developments in endocrinology to provide an up-to-date reference to researchers

Epigenetics

Epigenetics Book
Author : Benedikt Hallgrimsson Ph.D.,Brian K. Hall Ph.D.
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2011-04-11
ISBN : 0520948823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Illuminating the processes and patterns that link genotype to phenotype, epigenetics seeks to explain features, characters, and developmental mechanisms that can only be understood in terms of interactions that arise above the level of the gene. With chapters written by leading authorities, this volume offers a broad integrative survey of epigenetics. Approaching this complex subject from a variety of perspectives, it presents a broad, historically grounded view that demonstrates the utility of this approach for understanding complex biological systems in development, disease, and evolution. Chapters cover such topics as morphogenesis and organ formation, conceptual foundations, and cell differentiation, and together demonstrate that the integration of epigenetics into mainstream developmental biology is essential for answering fundamental questions about how phenotypic traits are produced.