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The Effects Of Drug Abuse On The Human Nervous System

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The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System

The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System Book
Author : Bertha Madras,Michael Kuhar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-11-15
ISBN : 0124186858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug use and abuse continues to thrive in contemporary society worldwide and the instance and damage caused by addiction increases along with availability. The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System presents objective, state-of-the-art information on the impact of drug abuse on the human nervous system, with each chapter offering a specific focus on nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, sedative-hypnotics, and designer drugs. Other chapters provide a context for drug use, with overviews of use and consequences, epidemiology and risk factors, genetics of use and treatment success, and strategies to screen populations and provide appropriate interventions. The book offers meaningful, relevant and timely information for scientists, health-care professionals and treatment providers. A comprehensive reference on the effects of drug addiction on the human nervous system Focuses on core drug addiction issues from nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, alcohol, and other commonly abused drugs Includes foundational science chapters on the biology of addiction Details challenges in diagnosis and treatment options

Maternal Substance Abuse and the Developing Nervous System

Maternal Substance Abuse and the Developing Nervous System Book
Author : Ian S. Zagon,Theodore A. Slotkin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1992-09-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to review the basic science and clinical findings concerning maternal substance abuse and the developing nervous system of unborn children. The short-term but vitally significant repercussions of such exposure on biological development, with particular reference to the nervous system, are discussed. The book also discusses the profound influence of maternal substance abuse on behavior in adulthood, which is caused by subtle changes in the chemistry or structure of the developing nervous system. The subject will not only be of interest to clinical and basic science researchers and teachers in the field of maternal substance abuse, but also to individuals in psychology, social work, cellular and molecular biolgoy, embryology, neuroscience, pharmacology, and in clinical professions such as pediatrics, neonatology, and obstetrics. The breadth of topics covered includes alcohol, cocaine, opiates, nicotine, benzodiazepines, marijuana, and the role of stress and hormones. Emphasis is placed on the relationship of the effects of substance abuse on neurotrophic factors and receptors. Shows how abused substances act directly or indirectly to mimic or influence the action of neurotrophic factors Explains that the transient expression of peptides, neurotransmitters, and receptors can be markedly disturbed by drugs Demonstrates that animal and tissue culture studies are consistent with clinical observations and important in understanding and ameliorating adverse actions of drugs in early life

Drug Abuse in Adolescence

Drug Abuse in Adolescence Book
Author : Denise De Micheli,André Luiz Monezi Andrade,Eroy Aparecida da Silva,Maria Lucia Oliveira de Souza Formigoni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-07-03
ISBN : 3319177958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on two central themes--the psychobiological evolution from youth to adult and the effects of drugs on the developing central nervous system--this important reference elucidates the mechanisms of chemical dependency in adolescents. Its multidisciplinary coverage analyzes addiction across major domains of human functioning against the backdrop of hormonal, cognitive, and other changes that accompany the transition to adulthood. Chapters discuss legal as well as illicit drugs, examine age-related social contexts, and present the latest findings on links between drug use and mental disorders. Throughout, the contributors make clear that education is more valuable to understanding--and preventing--substance abuse than are prohibition and zero-tolerance thinking. Included among the topics: Cognitive development, learning, and drug use. Neurobiology of the action of drugs of abuse. Findings in adolescents with substance dependence based on neuroimaging tests. Alcohol abuse in adolescents: relevance of animal models. Effects of chronic drug abuse on the chronobiology of sleep in adolescents. Neurological and cognitive disorders arising from the chronic use of drugs of abuse. The multiple lenses for understanding its subject and the sensitivity with which causal nuances are treated make Neuroscience of Drug Abuse in Adolescence an invaluable resource for clinical and child psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and addiction counselors.

Brain Power

Brain Power   Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed to take students step by step through an exploration of the processes of science and how to use these processes to learn about the brain, the nervous system, and the effects of drugs on the nervous system and the body.

Viral Infections of the Human Nervous System

Viral Infections of the Human Nervous System Book
Author : Alan C. Jackson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-14
ISBN : 3034804253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Viral infections of the nervous system are important because they are associated with high morbidity and mortality. A variety of pathogenetic mechanisms are involved in these infections and an understanding of the pathogenesis is essential in understanding the diagnostic and clinical management aspects of the disease. Specialized investigations are often necessary for definitive diagnosis, although a presumptive diagnosis should often be suspected on the basis of the clinical features. Many of the chapters in this book are written by neurologists who are experts in basic science research of their topic in addition to active clinical practice in their specialty.

Literature Search

Literature Search Book
Author : National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Literature Search book written by National Library of Medicine (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Brain Reward Stress Systems in Addiction

Brain Reward   Stress Systems in Addiction Book
Author : Nicholas W Gilpin,Remi Martin-Fardon
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 2889194574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addiction to drugs and alcohol is a dynamic and multi-faceted disease process in humans, with devastating health and financial consequences for the individual and society-at-large. In humans, drug and alcohol use disorders (i.e., abuse and dependence) are defined by clusters of behavioral symptoms that can be modeled to various degrees in animals. Hallmark behavioral symptoms associated with drug and alcohol dependence are compulsive drug use, loss of control during episodes of drug use, the emergence of a negative emotional state in the absence of the drug, and chronic relapse vulnerability during drug abstinence. The transition to drug dependence is defined by neuroadaptations in brain circuits that, in the absence of drugs, mediate a variety of critical behavioral and physiological processes including natural reward, positive and negative emotional states, nociception, and feeding. Chronic drug exposure during the transition to dependence spurs (1) within-systems changes in neural circuits that contribute to the acute rewarding effects of the drug and (2) recruitment of brain stress systems (neuroendocrine and extra-hypothalamic). There are substantial genetic contributions to the propensity to use and abuse drugs, and drug abuse is highly co-morbid with various other psychiatric conditions (e.g., anxiety disorders, major depressive disorder) that may precede or follow the development of drug use problems. Across drugs of abuse, there are overlapping and dissociable aspects of the behavioral and neural changes that define the transition to dependence. Even within a single drug, people abuse drugs for a variety of reasons. The picture is further complicated by the fact that humans often abuse more than one drug concurrently. Even in the face of these challenges, pre-clinical and clinical research is making exponential gains into understanding the neurobiology of drug addiction. With the advent of new technologies and their combination with traditional approaches, the field is able to ask and answer addiction-related research questions in increasingly sophisticated ways. Here, we hope to assemble a collection of articles that provide an up-to-the-moment snapshot of the prevailing empirical, theoretical and technical directions in the addiction research field. We encourage submissions from all investigators working to understand the neurobiology of addiction, especially as it pertains to reward and stress pathways in the brain.

Cannabis in Medicine

Cannabis in Medicine Book
Author : Kenneth Finn
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 3030459683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Legalization of marijuana is becoming increasingly prominent in the United States and around the world. While there is some discussion of the relationship between marijuana and overall health, a comprehensive resource that outlines the medical literature for several organ systems, as well as non-medical societal effects, has yet to be seen. While all physicians strive to practice evidence-based medicine, many clinicians aren't aware of the facts surrounding cannabis and are guided by public opinion. This first of its kind book is a comprehensive compilation of multiple facets of cannabis recommendation, use and effects from a variety of different perspectives. Comprised of chapters dedicated to separate fields of medicine, this evidence-based guide outlines the current data, or lack thereof, as well as the need for further study. The book begins with a general overview of the neurobiology and pharmacology of THC and hemp. It then delves into various medical concerns that plague specific disciplines of medicine such as psychiatry, cardiology, gastrointestinal and neurology, among others. The end of the book focuses on non-medical concerns such as public health and safety, driving impairment and legal implications. Comprised of case studies and meta-analyses, Cannabis in Medicine: An Evidence-Based Approach provides clinicians with with a concise, evidence-based guide to various health concerns related to the use of marijuana. By addressing non-medical concerns, this book is also a useful resource for professionals working in the public health and legal fields.

Toxicity Bibliography

Toxicity Bibliography Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Toxicity Bibliography book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Express Science Form 4

Express Science Form 4 Book
Author : Thanabalan G.Arumugam
Publisher : Pelangi ePublishing Sdn Bhd
Release : 2012-10-01
ISBN : 9674310169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With clear, comprehensive and compact notes, EXPRESS is the best revision aid to help you tackle your upcoming SPM examinations! Here's a peek into what Express has to offer you: Chapter outline and concept map for a quick chapter overview Complete experiments which are especially tailored according to PEKA requirements Quick check which has exam-styled questions for review and reinforcement Quick test (exam-oriented questions) for self-evaluation of the understanding of each chapter Tips to enlighten studens on: Common mistakes made in the examination Important facts to remember

The Global Methamphetamine Problem Approaches to Elucidate the Neurobiology Epidemiology and Therapeutic Effectiveness

The Global Methamphetamine Problem  Approaches to Elucidate the Neurobiology  Epidemiology and Therapeutic Effectiveness Book
Author : Maximilian Pilhatsch,Christian Beste,Milky Kohno
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 2889660737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Global Methamphetamine Problem Approaches to Elucidate the Neurobiology Epidemiology and Therapeutic Effectiveness book written by Maximilian Pilhatsch,Christian Beste,Milky Kohno, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances Book
Author : Ornella Corazza,Andres Roman-Urrestarazu
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-10-10
ISBN : 1351655523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges that clinicians face when dealing with NPS and discusses how the profile of patients and their socio-demographic characteristics frame the serious public health concern that NPS pose. It presents various clinical cases, as well as detailed accounts of symptoms, psychopathology, toxicity, and overall clinical management that NPS require. This handbook brings together a unique collection of chapters written by leading experts in the field, who have felt the need to share their knowledge and experience to improve the clinical practice on NPS and the wellbeing of their patients.

Improving the Utility and Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders

Improving the Utility and Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-03-25
ISBN : 030926636X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nervous system diseases and disorders are highly prevalent and substantially contribute to the overall disease burden. Despite significant information provided by the use of animal models in the understanding of the biology of nervous system disorders and the development of therapeutics; limitations have also been identified. Treatment options that are high in efficacy and low in side effects are still lacking for many diseases and, in some cases are nonexistent. A particular problem in drug development is the high rate of attrition in Phase II and III clinical trials. Why do many therapeutics show promise in preclinical animal models but then fail to elicit predicted effects when tested in humans? On March 28 and 29, 2012, the Institute of Medicine Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders convened the workshop "Improving Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders" to discuss potential opportunities for maximizing the translation of new therapies from animal models to clinical practice. The primary focus of the workshop was to examine mechanisms for increasing the efficiency of translational neuroscience research through discussions about how and when to use animal models most effectively and then best approaches for the interpretation of the data collected. Specifically, the workshop objectives were to: discuss key issues that contribute to poor translation of animal models in nervous system disorders, examine case studies that highlight successes and failures in the development and application of animal models, consider strategies to increase the scientific rigor of preclinical efficacy testing, explore the benefits and challenges to developing standardized animal and behavioral models. Improving the Utility and Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders: Workshop Summary also identifies methods to facilitate development of corresponding animal and clinical endpoints, indentifies methods that would maximize bidirectional translation between basic and clinical research and determines the next steps that will be critical for improvement of the development and testing of animal models of disorders of the nervous system.

Advances in Pediatrics E Book 2021

Advances in Pediatrics  E Book 2021 Book
Author : Carol D. Berkowitz
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2021-07-13
ISBN : 0323813801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each year, Advances in Pediatrics brings pediatricians the best current thinking from the preeminent practitioners in the field. The distinguished editorial board identifies current areas of major progress and controversy and invites specialists to contribute original articles on these topics. These insightful overviews bring concepts to a clinical level and explore their everyday impact on patient care. This year's edition provides clinical overviews on important topics, like pediatric drug abuse, adrenal tumors, pituitary tumors, identifying childhood trauma, IBD in children, and breast disease in the pediatric patient, to name a few. Readers will come away with the information they need to improve outcomes in children.

The Routledge International Handbook of Psychobiology

The Routledge International Handbook of Psychobiology Book
Author : Philip Murphy
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-06-18
ISBN : 1317283988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Handbook of Psychobiology provides authoritative, cutting-edge research across the range of areas that fall under the umbrella of psychobiology. It is a valuable source for researchers looking to update their knowledge on a wide range of topics. The International Handbook of Psychobiology comprises 30 chapters which are organized into the following sections: the physical environment: how psychobiological processes regulate how we respond and cope; stress and anxiety; managing and enhancing cognition and mood; substance use and misuse; sleep; and Psychobiology and human development. Each of the chapters is authored by experienced and active researchers in their field who provide authoritative reviews of its current state of knowledge.

NIDA Notes

NIDA Notes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NIDA Notes book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Essential Guide to Psychoactive Drugs in Canada Second Edition

The Essential Guide to Psychoactive Drugs in Canada  Second Edition Book
Author : Rick Csiernik
Publisher : Canadian Scholars’ Press
Release : 2019-11-19
ISBN : 1773381601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of the formerly titled Just Say Know: A Counsellor’s Guide to Psychoactive Drugs, this indispensable counselling resource provides a practical understanding of psychoactive drug pharmacology and physiology. Rick Csiernik unpacks the risks and therapeutic applications of the most commonly used and misused drug families, including depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and psychotherapeutics. This new edition features a wide range of updated research and content addressing the recent rise of opioid, fentanyl, cannabis, novel psychoactive substances, and antipsychotic medication use, as well as the impacts of drug use on sleep and mental health. Two new appendixes are featured summarizing the effects of drugs on pregnancy and interactions drugs may have with certain brain chemicals. The Essential Guide to Psychoactive Drugs in Canada is the perfect addition to any addiction or mental health-related course. User-friendly and highly readable, this resource serves as a guide for service providers to deliver evidence-based care. This text is crucial for counsellors, therapists, instructors, and students looking to acquire an in-depth practical understanding of drug use, medication, and addiction in disciplines such as social work, sociology, pharmacology, health studies, nursing, psychology, and addiction studies.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Research Awards Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Textbook of Addiction Treatment

Textbook of Addiction Treatment Book
Author : Nady el-Guebaly,Giuseppe Carrà,Marc Galanter,Alexander M. Baldacchino
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-03
ISBN : 3030363910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addiction is increasingly being recognized as a major global public health issue, and an ever-growing number of medical specialties, psychological and social science training programs, and professional associations are including addiction as part of their training and continuing education curricula. The first edition of this book presented an overview of the spectrum of addiction-related problems across different cultures around the globe. Sharing the experience and wisdom of more than 260 leading experts in the field, and promoted by the International Society of Addiction Medicine, it compared and contrasted clinical practices in the field of addiction medicine on the basis of neurobiological similarities as well as epidemiological and socio-cultural differences. Building on the success of this inaugural edition, and taking into account the formal and informal comments received as well as an assessment of current need, this textbook presents general updated information while retaining the most requested sections of the first edition as demonstrated by the number of chapter downloads. It also provides a basic text for those preparing for the ISAM annual certification exam. Written by some 220 international experts, it is a valuable reference resource for anyone interested in medicine, psychology, nursing, and social science.

Addictions

Addictions Book
Author : Barbara S. McCrady,Elizabeth E. Epstein
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-10-03
ISBN : 0199753660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addictions: A Comprehensive Guidebook, Second Edition, features a roster of senior scientists covering the latest findings in the study of alcohol and other drug use, abuse, and dependence.