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The Effects Of Drug Abuse On The Human Nervous System

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The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System

The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System Book
Author : Bertha Madras,Michael Kuhar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-11-15
ISBN : 0124186858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug use and abuse continues to thrive in contemporary society worldwide and the instance and damage caused by addiction increases along with availability. The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System presents objective, state-of-the-art information on the impact of drug abuse on the human nervous system, with each chapter offering a specific focus on nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, sedative-hypnotics, and designer drugs. Other chapters provide a context for drug use, with overviews of use and consequences, epidemiology and risk factors, genetics of use and treatment success, and strategies to screen populations and provide appropriate interventions. The book offers meaningful, relevant and timely information for scientists, health-care professionals and treatment providers. A comprehensive reference on the effects of drug addiction on the human nervous system Focuses on core drug addiction issues from nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, alcohol, and other commonly abused drugs Includes foundational science chapters on the biology of addiction Details challenges in diagnosis and treatment options

Literature Search

Literature Search Book
Author : National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publisher :
Release : 1971
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drugs Addiction and the Brain

Drugs  Addiction  and the Brain Book
Author : George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Michel Le Moal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-12
ISBN : 0123869595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Drugs in American Society An Encyclopedia of History Politics Culture and the Law 3 volumes

Drugs in American Society  An Encyclopedia of History  Politics  Culture  and the Law  3 volumes  Book
Author : Nancy E. Marion,Willard M. Oliver
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2014-12-16
ISBN : 1610695968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

Central Nervous System Infections New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2011 Edition

Central Nervous System Infections  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2011 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464907129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Central Nervous System Infections: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Central Nervous System Infections in a concise format. The editors have built Central Nervous System Infections: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Central Nervous System Infections in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Central Nervous System Infections: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Biology

Biology Book
Author : Vernon L. Avila
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780867209426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Sciences

Drug Abuse in the Decade of the Brain

Drug Abuse in the Decade of the Brain Book
Author : Gabriel G. Nahas,Thomas F. Burks
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9789051993059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life scientists have declared the 1990s to be the "Decade of the Brain." Undoubtedly the most important organ, the brain is perhaps the least understood. Until recently, the proper methodology for exploring the basic functions of the brain were not available. However, the new era of computer technology brain imaging and molecular biology have given scientists the tools for studying previously hidden mechanisms of the brain which control thinking, emotions, and behavior. Along with this new knowledge, scientists have observed that drugs of abuse can alter these same brain functions in a profound and persistent manner. Drugs of abuse are widely used substances that differ in chemical nature but have a common property-creating dependence. Dependence is characterized by a stereotypical pattern of behavior oriented toward the search, acquisition, and ingestion of drugs of abuse with such frequency and in such quantity as to be harmful. This behavior is beyond the control of reason and will. Studies conducted during the "decade of the brain" or before, show that the clinically observed, dependent behavior induced by drugs of abuse result from neurophysiological and chemical alterations of complex brain mechanisms. These mechanisms involve the production and turnover of the brain neurotransmitters that carry information in the brain neurocircuitry, changes in brain metabolism and circulation, and alterations in the expression of DNA which programs the functions or the neuronal cell. This book describes a number of newly discovered basic brain mechanisms and the alterations caused by drugs of abuse. Contributions by top researchers in fields of radian biology, biochemistry, genetics, and pharmacology examine the new technological improvements for the measurement of brain function, metabolism, blood flow and drug elimination and report changes in brain biochemistry, including DNA expression, as they occur during drug abuse. Physicians and health professionals will benefit from a better understanding of the effects of drugs on the brain which will lead to more effective interventions for prevention and treatment. Highlights include: New knowledge about the brain New methods of investigation Opiates and the brain Marijuana and the brain Cocaine and the brain This book will be of interest to health professionals and program administrators involved in the education and treatment of substance abuse disorders, as well as physicians, nurses, psychiatric social workers, neuroscientists, and pharmacologists.

Introduction to Pharmacology Third Edition

Introduction to Pharmacology  Third Edition Book
Author : Mannfred A. Hollinger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-10-19
ISBN : 1420047426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in pharmacogenomics and proteomics, along with the introduction of recombinant DNA technology, have expanded the applications of pharmacology to encompass a range of disciplines. Biomedical researchers, protein specialists, and molecular biologists are all involved in the development and delivery of novel drugs. Therefore, students in a variety of life sciences now require grounding in pharmacology. Adding much new material, Introduction to Pharmacology, Third Edition familiarizes students with the curative action of specific drugs, along with current research and the multifaceted role of pharmacology in society. New to the third edition— · Chapters on smooth muscle pharmacology covering gastrointestinal and pulmonary pharmacology · Pharmacology advances at the molecular level · The historical background of the Watson Crick model of DNA · Cutting edge topics such as RNA interference and dopamine signaling The text begins with a discussion on the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs. Much emphasis is placed on pharmacokinetic aspects: how drugs produce an effect and the quantification of these effects for comparative purposes. Also the text describes substance abuse pharmacology and the evolution of drug laws. Several chapters deal with the development of drugs and challenges faced in drug discovery. Identifying both the therapeutic and toxicological aspects of drug use, Introduction to Pharmacology employs contemporary examples to help students become familiar with drug development and treatment, as well as possible adverse affects, and the impact of drug research and use on society today and into the future.

Drug Abuse Handbook

Drug Abuse Handbook Book
Author : Steven B. Karch, MD, FFFLM
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-17
ISBN : 9781420048292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the handbook that professionals who deal with problems related to drugs and drug abuse have been waiting for. The impressive list of more than 80 contributors, each experts and leaders in their field, testifies to the importance of this outstanding new handbook. The volume contains detailed discussions of drug-related issues in criminalistics, pathology, and toxicology. Impairment testing and the pharmacokinetics of abused drugs are examined in detail, as is the field of workplace drug testing, the use of alternate testing matrices, drugs in sports, addiction medicine, and drug-related medical emergencies. The handbook focuses on the most urgent drug abuse-related problems of today An entire section is devoted to alcohol abuse, including a scientific appraisal of the most common drunk driving defenses, complete with sample calculations. Problems of postmortem toxicology are thoroughly detailed and an appendix lists key references for the most widely used analytic methods. An in-depth analysis of legal questions, including fetal rights and workplace testing Examination of the principles of addiction medicine and how doctors handle substance abuse problems A section addressing drug use by athletes, including a summary of current Olympic Committee Regulations regarding substance use and the latest information on detecting abuse of Human Growth Hormone and Erythropoietin Whether you are approaching the issue of drug abuse from a medical, psychological, toxicological, or legal perspective, the Drug Abuse Handbook is the most authoritative and complete resource available.

Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness

Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness Book
Author : Joris C. Verster,Kathleen Brady,Marc Galanter,Patricia Conrod
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-06
ISBN : 1461433754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug abuse and addiction are common in clinical practice. Often they interfere with patient treatment or require an alternative approach. Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment is a major contribution to the literature, a gold standard title offering a comprehensive range of topics for those who care for patients with addiction, conduct research in this area, or simply have an interest in the field. Offering state-of-the-art information for all those working with drug abusing or addicted patients, or for those interested in this topic from other research perspectives, the volume is a first of its kind book -- rich, comprehensive, yet focused, addressing the needs of the very active theoretical, basic, and clinical research in the field. Comprised of 46 chapters organized in four sections and developed by the leading international experts, Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment covers virtually every core, as well as contemporary, topic on addiction, from the established theories to the most modern research and development in the field. Enhancing the educational value of the volume, every chapter includes an abstract and two boxes summarizing learning objectives and directions for future research. Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment discusses the topic in a authoritative, systematic manner and is an indispensable reference for all clinicians and researchers interested in this rapidly changing field.

Nicotine Psychopharmacology

Nicotine Psychopharmacology Book
Author : Jack E. Henningfield,Edythe London,Sakire Pogun
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-02-01
ISBN : 3540692487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fact that tobacco ingestion can affect how people feel and think has been known for millennia, placing the plant among those used spiritually, honori?cally, and habitually (Corti 1931; Wilbert 1987). However, the conclusion that nicotine - counted for many of these psychopharmacological effects did not emerge until the nineteenth century (Langley 1905). This was elegantly described by Lewin in 1931 as follows: “The decisive factor in the effects of tobacco, desired or undesired, is nicotine. . . ”(Lewin 1998). The use of nicotine as a pharmacological probe to und- stand physiological functioning at the dawn of the twentieth century was a landmark in the birth of modern neuropharmacology (Limbird 2004; Halliwell 2007), and led the pioneering researcher John Langley to conclude that there must exist some “- ceptive substance” to explain the diverse actions of various substances, including nicotine, when applied to muscle tissue (Langley 1905). Research on tobacco and nicotine progressed throughout the twentieth century, but much of this was from a general pharmacological and toxicological rather than a psychopharmacological perspective (Larson et al. 1961). There was some attention to the effects related to addiction, such as euphoria (Johnston 1941), tolerance (Lewin 1931), and withdrawal (Finnegan et al. 1945), but outside of research supported by the tobacco industry, addiction and psychopharmacology were not major foci for research (Slade et al. 1995; Hurt and Robertson 1998; Henning?eld et al. 2006; Henning?eld and Hartel 1999; Larson et al. 1961).

Nancy Caroline s Emergency Care in the Streets Volume 2

Nancy Caroline s Emergency Care in the Streets  Volume 2 Book
Author : Aaos,Nancy L. Caroline,Bob Elling
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2007-03
ISBN : 9780763742393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With this DVD, you will learn how to successfully perform each skill and will find helpful information, tips, and pointers designed to facilitate your progression through the practical examination.

Maternal Substance Abuse and the Developing Nervous System

Maternal Substance Abuse and the Developing Nervous System Book
Author : Ian S. Zagon,Theodore A. Slotkin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080926673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to review the basic science and clinical findings concerning maternal substance abuse and the developing nervous system of unborn children. The short-term but vitally significant repercussions of such exposure on biological development, with particular reference to the nervous system, are discussed. The book also discusses the profound influence of maternal substance abuse on behavior in adulthood, which is caused by subtle changes in the chemistry or structure of the developing nervous system. The subject will not only be of interest to clinical and basic science researchers and teachers in the field of maternal substance abuse, but also to individuals in psychology, social work, cellular and molecular biolgoy, embryology, neuroscience, pharmacology, and in clinical professions such as pediatrics, neonatology, and obstetrics. The breadth of topics covered includes alcohol, cocaine, opiates, nicotine, benzodiazepines, marijuana, and the role of stress and hormones. Emphasis is placed on the relationship of the effects of substance abuse on neurotrophic factors and receptors. Shows how abused substances act directly or indirectly to mimic or influence the action of neurotrophic factors Explains that the transient expression of peptides, neurotransmitters, and receptors can be markedly disturbed by drugs Demonstrates that animal and tissue culture studies are consistent with clinical observations and important in understanding and ameliorating adverse actions of drugs in early life

Medical Toxicology of Drug Abuse

Medical Toxicology of Drug Abuse Book
Author : Donald G. Barceloux
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-03-20
ISBN : 0471727601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a broad reference covering important drugs of abuse including amphetamines, opiates, and steroids. It also covers psychoactive plants such as caffeine, peyote, and psilocybin. It provides chemical structures, analytical methods, clinical features, and treatments of these drugs of abuse, serving as a highly useful, in-depth supplement to a general medical toxicology book. The style allows for the easy application of the contents to searchable databases and other electronic products, making this an essential resource for practitioners in medical toxicology, industrial hygiene, occupational medicine, pharmaceuticals, environmental organizations, pathology, and related fields.

An Atlas on the Comparative Anatomy of the Retinae of Vertebrates

An Atlas on the Comparative Anatomy of the Retinae of Vertebrates Book
Author : David T. W. Yew,Maria S. M. Wai,Winnie W. Y. Li
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 1608051943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This atlas covers basic as well as novel information on the retinae of various representative vertebrates including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.The book consists of over 200 illustrations with brief descriptions pointing out special f"

Karch s Pathology of Drug Abuse

Karch s Pathology of Drug Abuse Book
Author : Steven B. Karch MD,Olaf Drummer,Steven B. Karch MD FFFLM
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-12-26
ISBN : 9781420042115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

AUTHORITATIVE INFORMATION FROM THE SOURCE YOU TRUST The third edition of Karch's Pathology of Drug Abuse continues to provide a comprehensive yet accessible guide to the pathology, toxicology, and pharmacology of commonly abused drugs. As in previous editions, the focus remains on the investigation of drug-related deaths and on practical app

Neuroimaging in Addiction

Neuroimaging in Addiction Book
Author : Bryon Adinoff,Elliot A. Stein
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-11-02
ISBN : 1119972701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroimaging in Addiction presents an up-to-date, comprehensive review of the functional and structural imaging human studies that have greatly advanced our understanding of this complex disorder. Approaching addiction from a conceptual rather than a substance-specific perspective, this book integrates broad neuropsychological constructs that consider addiction as a neuroplastic process with genetic, developmental, and substance-induced contributions. The internationally recognized contributors to this volume are leaders in clinical imaging with expertise that spans the addiction spectrum. Following a general introduction, an overview of neural circuitry and modern non-invasive imaging techniques provides the framework for subsequent chapters on reward salience, craving, stress, impulsivity and cognition. Additional topics include the use of neuroimaging for the assessment of acute drug effects, drug-induced neurotoxicity, non-substance addictive behaviors, and the application of imaging genetics to identify unique intermediate phenotypes. The book concludes with an exploration of the future promise for functional imaging as guide to the diagnosis and treatment of addictive disorders. Scientists and clinicians will find the material in this volume invaluable in their work towards understanding the addicted brain, with the overall goal of improved prevention and treatment outcomes for patients. Features a Foreword by Edythe London, Director of the Center for Addictive Behaviors, University of California at Los Angeles.