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The Economics And Politics Of Chinas Energy Security Transition

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The Economics and Politics of China s Energy Security Transition

The Economics and Politics of China   s Energy Security Transition Book
Author : Hongtu Zhao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 0128151536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Economics and Politics of China’s Energy Security Transition clarifies China’s energy and foreign policies through a comprehensive examination of energy sources, providing an insider’s unique perspective for assessing China’s energy policies. China’s historic decline in coal consumption since 2013-2014 and a plateauing of its carbon dioxide emissions have given China an unprecedented opportunity to decarbonize while growing its economy. In response to global questions about China’s institutional, administrative, and political challenges and risks, this book provides the answers that everyone is asking. Provides a rare assessment of China’s energy policies and reveals insights into the Chinese government Devotes attention to issues of global energy governance and energy sanctions Includes data and reference content suitable for researchers in economics, sustainability, energy policy, geopolitics and political science

Energy Security in Times of Economic Transition

Energy Security in Times of Economic Transition Book
Author : Yao Lixia
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2021-01-20
ISBN : 1839824646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a quantitative framework for evaluating China’s energy security in the economic transition period and comprehensively explains how China’s macroeconomic reforms have impacted on its energy sector.

From Engergy Diplomacy to Global Governance

From Engergy Diplomacy to Global Governance  Book
Author : Ka Ho Yu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis explores whether China's energy security in the era of Hu Jintao underwent a policy paradigm transition from going-out energy diplomacy to global energy governance. Following China's rapid economic growth, energy security has become a big concern for the country and international cooperation is considered as a strategy to enhance it. In order to promote international energy cooperation and investment, in the late 1990s China adopted its going-out energy diplomacy strategy, which relied on bilateralism. On the other hand, in its two Energy Policy White Papers in 2007 and 2012, China emphasised global energy governance based on multilateralism as a means of maintaining a stable world energy market. While both academia and policymakers have criticised China for taking an aggressive energy diplomacy stance to increase its power in the international system, the Chinese government purports that it will be actively engaged in global energy governance to contribute to global energy security. The above discussion has raised the question of the extent to which China is willing to adjust its bilateral approach to work within a multilateral system. To explain the policy transition, or lack thereof, in China's energy security strategy during Hu Jintao's era, this thesis applies Hall's theory of policy paradigm shift to three case studies: China's energy cooperation with Central Asia, Europe, and Africa. This thesis argues that despite calls from Chinese authorities for good global energy governance, China's energy security during Hu Jintao's era has not yet undergone a paradigm shift away from the policy paradigm of energy diplomacy to a policy paradigm of global energy governance.

The Geopolitics of Renewables

The Geopolitics of Renewables Book
Author : Daniel Scholten
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-11
ISBN : 3319678558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Renewables are a game changer for interstate energy relations. Their abundance and intermittency, possibilities for decentral generation and use of rare earth materials, and generally electric nature of transportation make them very different from fossil fuels. What do these geographic and technical characteristics of renewable energy systems imply for infrastructure topology and operations, business models, and energy markets? What are the consequences for the strategic realities and policy considerations of producer, consumer, and transit countries and energy-related patterns of cooperation and conflict between them? Who are the winners and losers? The Geopolitics of Renewables is the first in-depth exploration of the implications for interstate energy relations of a transition towards renewable energy. Fifteen international scholars combine insights from several disciplines - international relations, geopolitics, energy security, renewable energy technology, economics, sustainability transitions, and energy policy - to establish a comprehensive overview and understanding of the emerging energy game. Focus is on contemporary developments and how they may shape the coming decades on three levels of analysis: · The emerging global energy game; winners and losers · Regional and bilateral energy relations of established and rising powers · Infrastructure developments and governance responses The book is recommended for academics and policy makers. It offers a novel analytical framework that moves from geography and technology to economics and politics to investigate the geopolitical implications of renewable energy and provides practical illustrations and policy recommendations related to specific countries and regions such as the US, EU, China, India, OPEC, and Russia

Energy and Security

Energy and Security Book
Author : Jan H. Kalicki,David L. Goldwyn
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 1421414058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition offers fresh analysis and insight into ; Fundamental shifts in the global energy balance ; The revolution in shale gas and oil ; New energy frontiers, from ultra deepwater to the Arctic ; The rising agenda of safety concerns across the energy complex ; Energy poverty ; Infrastructure for modernizing power grids ; Climate security in the current political and economic environmentThe contributors offer a lively discussion of the challenges and opportunities presented by these changes and how they affect national security and regional politics around the globe.

The Chinese State Oil and Energy Security

The Chinese State  Oil and Energy Security Book
Author : M. Taylor
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-04-23
ISBN : 1137350555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monique Taylor analyses the policy rationale and institutional underpinnings of China's state-led or neomercantilist oil strategy, and its development, set against the wider context of economic transformation as the country transitions from a centrally planned to market economy.

The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions

The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions Book
Author : Douglas Jay Arent,Channing Arndt,Mackay Miller,Finn Tarp,Owen Zinaman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0198802242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A volume on the political economy of clean energy transition in developed and developing regions, with a focus on the issues that different countries face as they transition from fossil fuels to lower carbon technologies.

Global Energy Politics

Global Energy Politics Book
Author : Thijs Van de Graaf,Benjamin K. Sovacool
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 1509530517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ever since the Industrial Revolution energy has been a key driver of world politics. From the oil crises of the 1970s to today’s rapid expansion of renewable energy sources, every shift in global energy patterns has important repercussions for international relations. In this new book, Thijs Van de Graaf and Benjamin Sovacool uncover the intricate ways in which our energy systems have shaped global outcomes in four key areas of world politics: security, the economy, the environment and global justice. Moving beyond the narrow geopolitical focus that has dominated much of the discussion on global energy politics, they also deftly trace the connections between energy, environmental politics, and community activism. The authors argue that we are on the cusp of a global energy shift that promises to be no less transformative for the pursuit of wealth and power in world politics than the historical shifts from wood to coal and from coal to oil. This ongoing energy transformation will not only upend the global balance of power; it could also fundamentally transfer political authority away from the nation state, empowering citizens, regions and local communities. Global Energy Politics will be an essential resource for students of the social sciences grappling with the major energy issues of our times.

The Economics of Climate Change in China

The Economics of Climate Change in China Book
Author : Fan Gang,Nicholas Stern,Ottmar Edenhofer,Xu Shanda,Klas Eklund,Frank Ackerman,Lailai Li,Karl Hallding
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-09-13
ISBN : 1134073739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China faces many modernization challenges, but perhaps none is more pressing than that posed by climate change. China must find a new economic growth model that is simultaneously environmentally sustainable, can free it from its dependency on fossil fuels, and lift living standards for the majority of its population. But what does such a model look like? And how can China best make the transition from its present macro-economic structure to a low-carbon future? This ground-breaking economic study, led by the Stockholm Environment Institute and the Chinese Economists 50 Forum, brings together leading international thinkers in economics, climate change, and development, to tackle some of the most challenging issues relating to China's low-carbon development. This study maps out a deep carbon reduction scenario and analyzes economic policies that shift carbon use, and shows how China can take strong and decisive action to make deep reductions in carbon emission over the next forty years while maintaining high economic growth and minimizing adverse effects of a low-carbon transition. Moreover, these reductions can be achieved within the finite global carbon budget for greenhouse gas emissions, as determined by the hard constraints of climate science. The authors make the compelling case that a transition to a low-carbon economy is an essential part of China's development and modernization. Such a transformation would also present opportunities for China to improve its energy security and move its economy higher up the international value chain. They argue that even in these difficult economic times, climate change action may present more opportunities than costs. Such a transformation, for China and the rest of the world, will not be easy. But it is possible, necessary and worthwhile to pursue.

The Changing Political Economy of Energy in China

The Changing Political Economy of Energy in China Book
Author : Kang Wu,Jane Nakano
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China’s energy economy has gone through a remarkable transition in the past few decades. Once a net exporter of coal, and self-sufficient in oil and natural gas, China has emerged as a leading energy importer in the world. The transition is far from over, though with different characteristics and drivers today. Marked by economic slowdown and environmental challenges, China strives to navigate the current period of uncertainty in the global energy market by shifting its economic structure to one that is much less energy intensive than before as well as meeting its energy needs for sustained economic growth. A few key observations arise from the examination of China’s changing political economy of energy, including the economic slowdown, rising import dependence, role of SOEs, emergence of environmental and climate awareness, and new context for China’s outbound energy investments.

China s Emergent Political Economy

China s Emergent Political Economy Book
Author : Christopher A. McNally
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2007-09-12
ISBN : 1134093985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume represents the first collaborative effort to explicitly view China’s rapid international ascent as associated with the same process that catapulted Great Britain, the United States, Germany, and Japan to international prominence – the emergence of a capitalist political economy. Each chapter therefore applies the capitalist lens to analyze aspects of China’s monumental social, economic, and political transition. Topics addressed range from examinations of China’s industrial capitalism and its new multinational corporations to studies of China’s changing polity, state-media relations, and foreign policy. With contributors writing from highly varied backgrounds each chapter approaches the subject from a slightly different perspective, but the underlying findings show considerable common ground. China is developing a unique form of capitalism by combining elements rooted in Chinese history, such as the prevalence of networked forms of capital and the continued dominance of the state, with the growing influence of global capital, including the rapid adaptation of recent organizational and technological innovations. Concluding chapters draw out what capitalism in the dragon’s lair implies for our 21st century world, cautioning that China’s rise is likely to challenge the present world order along both political and economic dimensions.

The Globalization of Energy

The Globalization of Energy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2010-01-25
ISBN : 9004190570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy security challenges are topping the policy agenda of the European Union and China. Consequently, policy makers of both energy import-dependent polities continue to look for new responses. But will these new policies put EU-China relations in a cooperative or competitive setting?

Sino U S Energy Triangles

Sino U S  Energy Triangles Book
Author : David Zweig,Yufan Hao
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 1317677862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The remarkable performance of the Chinese economy in the last three decades has placed China at the centre of the world stage. In 1993, China became a net importer of energy, although it was not until the early 2000s that the world began to pay more attention to China’s energy needs and its potential impact on the world. With China’s energy search occurring within a hegemonic global structure dominated by the United States, the US watches with interest as China enhances its ties with energy-rich states. The book examines this triangular relationship and questions whether the US and China are in competition regarding access to the energy of a third state, within the context of a potential power transition. It includes case studies on China's energy relationship with countries such as Canada, Australia, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Iran, Sudan and Venezuela and aims to understand the way a rising power interacts with the existing leading power and the possible outcome of this competition. The analytical framework employed helps the reader to understand not only the nature and pattern of triangles among US, China and the Resource Rich States under ‘resource diplomacy’, but also the salient features of US-China competition around the world. Making an impressive contribution to the literature in fields such as US-China relations, international relations, Chinese foreign policy and global energy geopolitics, this book will appeal to students and scholars of these subjects.

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China Book
Author : Fredrich James Kahrl
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global energy markets and climate change in the twenty first century depend, to an extraordinary extent, on China. China is now, or will soon be, the world's largest energy consumer. Since 2007, China has been the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Despite its large and rapidly expanding influence on global energy markets and the global atmosphere, on a per capita basis energy consumption and GHG emissions in China are low relative to developed countries. The Chinese economy, and with it energy use and GHG emissions, are expected to grow vigorously for at least the next two decades, raising a question of critical historical significance: How can China's economic growth imperative be meaningfully reconciled with its goals of greater energy security and a lower carbon economy? Most scholars, governments, and practitioners have looked to technology -- energy efficiency, nuclear power, carbon capture and storage -- for answers to this question. Alternatively, this study seeks to root China's future energy and emissions trajectory in the political economy of its multiple transitions, from a centrally planned to a market economy and from an agrarian to a post-industrial society. The study draws on five case studies, each a dedicated chapter, which are organized around three perspectives on energy and GHG emissions: the macroeconomy; electricity supply and demand; and nitrogen fertilizer production and use. Chapters 2 and 3 examine how growth and structural change in China's macroeconomy have shaped energy demand, finding that most of the dramatic growth in the country's energy use over the 2000s was driven by an acceleration of its investment-dominated, energy-intensive growth model, rather than from structural change. Chapters 4 and 5 examine efforts to improve energy efficiency and increase the share of renewable generation in the electric power sector, concluding that China's power system lacks the flexibility in generation, pricing, and demand to support further improvements in efficiency and scale up renewable generation at an acceptable level of cost and reliability. Chapter 6 examines energy use and GHG emissions from nitrogen fertilizer use, arguing that energy use and GHG emissions from nitrogen fertilizer use in China are high relative to other countries because of China's historical support for small and medium-sized enterprises using domestic technology; its continued provision of energy subsidies to fertilizer producers; and its lack of a well-functioning agricultural extension system. The case studies illustrate the limits of energy and climate policy in China without institutional reform. China's leaders have historically relied on economic growth to defer the difficult changes in political economy that accompany economic and social transition. However, many of the challenges of energy and climate policy require political decisions that reallocate resources among stakeholders. For instance, restructuring the Chinese economy away from heavy industrial investment and toward a higher GDP share of consumption will require financial sector reforms, such as interest rate liberalization or higher dividend payments for state-owned enterprises, that reallocate income from the industrial sector to households. Increasing power system flexibility will require price reforms that reallocate revenues and costs among generators, between generators and the grid companies, between producers and ratepayers, among ratepayer classes, and between and among provinces. Strong public interest institutions are needed to make these changes, which suggests that China's energy and GHG emissions trajectories will be determined, to a large extent, by the politics of institutional reform.

Mathematical Modelling of Contemporary Electricity Markets

Mathematical Modelling of Contemporary Electricity Markets Book
Author : Athanasios Dagoumas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-30
ISBN : 0128218398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematical Modelling of Contemporary Electricity Markets reviews major methodologies and tools to accurately analyze and forecast contemporary electricity markets in a ways that is ideal for practitioner and academic audiences. Approaches include optimization, neural networks, genetic algorithms, co-optimization, econometrics, E3 models and energy system models. The work examines how new challenges affect power market modeling, including discussions of stochastic renewables, price volatility, dynamic participation of demand, integration of storage and electric vehicles, interdependence with other commodity markets and the evolution of policy developments (market coupling processes, security of supply). Coverage addresses all major forms of electricity markets: day-ahead, forward, intraday, balancing, and capacity. Provides a diverse body of established techniques suitable for modeling any major aspect of electricity markets Familiarizes energy experts with the quantitative skills needed in competitive electricity markets Reviews market risk for energy investment decisions by stressing the multi-dimensionality of electricity markets

Energy Security

Energy Security Book
Author : Roland Dannreuther
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-24
ISBN : 1509520945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many of the richest energy-producing regions of the world are wrought with conflict and billions of the world's poorest suffer the daily insecurity of energy poverty. All the while our planet is increasingly under pressure because of our continued dependence on fossil fuels. It is easy to see why energy security has become one of the major global challenges of the twenty-first century. In this book, Roland Dannreuther offers a new and comprehensive approach to understanding energy security. Drawing on the latest research, he treats energy security as a value that is continually in dynamic conflict with other core values, such as economic prosperity and sustainability. The different physical properties of the key energy resources – coal, oil, gas, nuclear and renewables – are of course critical for the differing manifestations of energy insecurity. But it is the social, economic and political contexts, developed over time and place, which are essential for a fuller appreciation of contemporary energy challenges. In highlighting the history and politics of energy security and the critical role played by power and justice in framing these debates, this incisive and cutting-edge analysis is a go-to introduction for students grappling with the complexities of energy security today.

Advances in Carbon Capture

Advances in Carbon Capture Book
Author : Mohammad Reza Rahimpour,Mohammad Farsi,Mohammad Amin Makarem
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-04
ISBN : 0128227583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Carbon Capture reviews major implementations of CO2 capture, including absorption, adsorption, permeation and biological techniques. For each approach, key benefits and drawbacks of separation methods and technologies, perspectives on CO2 reuse and conversion, and pathways for future CO2 capture research are explored in depth. The work presents a comprehensive comparison of capture technologies. In addition, the alternatives for CO2 separation from various feeds are investigated based on process economics, flexibility, industrial aspects, purification level and environmental viewpoints. Explores key CO2 separation and compare technologies in terms of provable advantages and limitations Analyzes all critical CO2 capture methods in tandem with related technologies Introduces a panorama of various applications of CO2 capture

Handbook of Transitions to Energy and Climate Security

Handbook of Transitions to Energy and Climate Security Book
Author : Robert E. Looney
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 1317528484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An original contribution to our understanding of a phenomenon that is reshaping the world, this title thoroughly discusses the transformation of the energy security policy arena brought on by two dramatic developments – the increased potential availability of energy in many parts of the world on the supply side, and on the demand side increasing concerns over the harmful effects on the environment brought on by the use of fossil fuels. An in depth discussion specifically focuses on what energy security means to different countries, and examines which of those countries appear to be managing their energy/climate transitions successfully and which are having a more difficult time adapting to the new environment. Part 1 introduces the topic, covering the main themes and provides an overview of the chapters Part 2 provides a framework for policy evaluation, considering the evolving factors affecting energy security and the energy/climate policy trilemma Parts 3 to 6 discuss energy transitions in the carbon producing countries (Saudi Arabia, Canada, Iran, Russia, Mexico), in intermediate carbon/producing/consuming countries (China, United States, UK, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa), in carbon consuming countries (Germany, Japan, South Korea, Israel, India, Spain) and finally in carbon reduction countries (France, Denmark, Switzerland) Part 7 looks at attempts at regional/international cooperation Part 8 considers the prospects for the future, examining technological breakthroughs. This title builds on the theme of unfolding energy transformations driven by, but increasingly constrained by climate/environmental considerations. It is ideal for researchers and students in the areas of environmental politics and policy, climate change, and energy and climate security, as well as for academics and professionals.

Critical Issues in Contemporary China

Critical Issues in Contemporary China Book
Author : Czeslaw Tubilewicz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-12-12
ISBN : 1317422988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Critical Issues in Contemporary China: Unity, Stability and Development comprehensively examines key problems crucial to understanding modern-day China. Organized around three interrelated themes of unity, stability and development, each chapter explores distinct issues and debate their significance for China domestically and for Beijing’s engagement with the wider world. While presenting contending explanatory approaches, contributors advance arguments to further critical discussion on selected topics. Main issues analysed include: political change military transformation legal reforms economic development energy security environmental degradation food security and safety demographic trends migration and urbanization labour unrest health and education social inequalities ethnic conflicts Hong Kong’s integration cross-Strait relations. Given its thorough and up-to-date assessment of major political, social and economic challenges facing China, this fully revised and substantially expanded new edition is an essential read for any student of Chinese Studies.

China s Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition

China s Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-01
ISBN : 3030401545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book is an encyclopaedic analysis of the current and future energy system of the world's most populous country and second biggest economy. What happens in China impacts the planet. In the past 40 years China has achieved one of the most remarkable economic growth rates in history. Its GDP has risen by a factor of 65, enabling 850,000 people to rise out of poverty. Growth on this scale comes with consequences. China is the world's biggest consumer of primary energy and the world's biggest emitter of CO2 emissions. Creating a prosperous and harmonious society that delivers economic growth and a high quality of life for all will require radical change in the energy sector, and a rewiring of the economy more widely. In China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition, a team of researchers from the Development Research Center of the State Council of China and Shell International examine how China can revolutionise its supply and use of energy. They examine the entire energy system: coal, oil, gas, nuclear, renewables and new energies in production, conversion, distribution and consumption. They compare China with case studies and lessons learned in other countries. They ask which technology, policy and market mechanisms are required to support the change and they explore how international cooperation can smooth the way to an energy revolution in China and across the world. And, they create and compare scenarios on possible pathways to a future energy system that is low-carbon, affordable, secure and reliable. .