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The Cognitive Basis Of Institutions

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The Cognitive Basis of Institutions

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions Book
Author : Shinji Teraji
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-16
ISBN : 0128120452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative ‘prosocial’ behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

Cognition Rationality and Institutions

Cognition  Rationality  and Institutions Book
Author : Manfred E. Streit,Uwe Mummert,Daniel Kiwit
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642597831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Institutions are rules that are supported by various enforcement mechanisms. Cognition refers to the process of how men perceive and process information, whereas rationality refers to how these processes are modelled. Within institutional economics there is a growing scepticism towards extending the conventional economic frame of analysis to institutions. In particular, the notion of perfect rationality is increasingly questioned. At the same time human cognition has become a major field of research in psychology. This book explores what institutional economics can learn from cognitive psychology regarding the proper modelling of rationality in order to explain institutional change.

Re examining Development

Re examining Development Book
Author : Sun-Ki Chai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Re examining Development book written by Sun-Ki Chai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Auditing Ecosystem and Strategic Accounting in the Digital Era

Auditing Ecosystem and Strategic Accounting in the Digital Era Book
Author : Tamer Aksoy,Umit Hacioglu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-14
ISBN : 3030726282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines current topics and trends in strategic auditing, accounting and finance in digital transformation both from a theoretical and practical perspective. It covers areas such as internal control, corporate governance, enterprise risk management, sustainability and competition. The contributors of this volume emphasize how strategic approaches in this area help companies in achieving targets. The contributions illustrate how by providing good governance, reliable financial reporting, and accountability, businesses can win a competitive advantage. It further discusses how new technological developments like artificial intelligence (AI), cybersystems, network technologies, financial mobility and smart applications, will shape the future of accounting and auditing for firms.​

Black Reflective Sociology

Black Reflective Sociology Book
Author : John H Stanfield II
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-06-03
ISBN : 1315432870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

John H. Stanfield II, the leading contemporary Black sociologist of knowledge, distills decades of his research and thinking in a set of articles—some original to the volume, others from fugitive sources—that address race in the formation of epistemologies, theories, and methodologies in social science. Stanfield’s contributions to the discipline, such as the adoption of restorative justice as an anti-racism solution in multiracial societies and the development of African diasporic sociological reasoning, are highlighted here. Ranging widely across theoretical, methodological, and substantive topics, Stanfield creates a reflective sociology viewed through an African diasporic lens that enriches the thinking and practice of social science.

Managing Institutions

Managing Institutions Book
Author : Ying Wang
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2013-12-12
ISBN : 1443854875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Minban schools have established their position in China’s education system. This book applies the theories of new institutionalism to the minban school as an organization and as a party in relationships with other institutions. It explores the features of the evolving institutional environment of education and the strategies that minban schools have adopted to manage the institutions in this environment. There are four types of minban schools: the international minban school, the privately funded minban school, the publicly affiliated minban school, and the converted minban school. A qualitative research methodology in the form of a multiple-case study was used for the analysis. Eight minban secondary schools in Taiyuan and Shenzhen were chosen to represent the various types of minban schools. The study shows that the re-emergence of free market principles, the decentralization of government and the accompanying segmentation of power and authority, bureaucratic and consumerist expectations of teachers, and the commodification of education have engendered an increasingly fragmented institutional environment, which allowed minban schools to thrive. The book reveals that the institutional environment is multi-faceted and ambiguous: during China’s controlled decentralization, organizations and institutions have shaped each other. Minban schools adopt various strategies to cope with institutional pressure. This study provides a systematic understanding of the operation of minban schools by locating the schools in a ‘differential order’, which determines their choice of strategy: international schools choose isolation; privately funded schools, avoidance; affiliated schools, advocacy; and converted schools, capitalization. It also illustrates how the bureaucracy functions in China’s local governments. The various case studies confirm that the government still maintains substantial control over minban schools through the power granted by the bureaucratic structure, which allows them to direct the institutional environment by introducing new regulations and forms of governance.

Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany

Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany Book
Author : Kerstin Rosenow-Williams
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 9004230556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Kerstin Rosenow-Williams analyzes the challenges faced by Islamic organizations in Germany since the beginning of the 21st century, providing original empirical insights based on a sociological research perspective.

Institutional Theory in Tourism and Hospitality

Institutional Theory in Tourism and Hospitality Book
Author : Anna Earl,C. Michael Hall
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 1000408914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Institutions are fundamental aspects in driving tourism and hospitality globally. They are the socio-economic ‘rules of the game’ that serve to shape and constrain human and organisational interactions. This book is the first of its kind to provide a comprehensive overview of institutional theory in a tourism and hospitality context. The complexity and multiple scaled nature of the institutional environment plays a crucial role in the development and formation of tourism destinations, attractions, organisations, and businesses, as well as influencing the activities of individuals. Institutional theory therefore provides a means to understand the complexity and processes of change at different scales of analysis and provides insights into the organisational and political basis of tourism policy development and implementation. Chapters introduce and expand on institutional analysis in tourism and hospitality, institutional theory in the social sciences, methodological issues, and future directions in institutional analysis in tourism and hospitality, making use of case studies throughout. This book will appeal to students of Tourism, Hospitality, Leisure and Events, as well as other social science disciplines. Providing a comprehensive overview of and guide to the application of institutional theory, this book will serve as a comprehensive reference to institutional theory in a tourism and hospitality setting for years to come.

Policy Making at the Second Tier of Local Government in Europe

Policy Making at the Second Tier of Local Government in Europe Book
Author : Xavier Bertrana,Björn Egner,Hubert Heinelt
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-09-07
ISBN : 131737486X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Debates about multi-level governance have led to a profound restructuring of regional and local government. The second level of local government is under review in most European countries, with the aim to strengthen the institutional capacity of municipalities or to develop appropriate institutional structures for governing fragmented urban areas. This book provides a thematic and cross-national analysis of the key actors in local government that form the crucial components of effective and democratic policy making. Focussing on the second tier of local government, it examines new empirical data on councillors from this level of government in 15 European countries and integrates important variables such as party politics, notions of democracy, finance, multi-level settings. Divided into five parts, it addresses: Attitudes of county/provincial councillors towards administrative and territorial reforms; Their role perceptions and role behaviour; Their political orientation; Actor constellations and governance arrangements; Political socialization and recruitment, professionalization and career patterns of county/provincial councillors. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of local government, urban studies, regional studies, political science, sociology and geography.

The Cognitive Mechanics of Economic Development and Institutional Change

The Cognitive Mechanics of Economic Development and Institutional Change Book
Author : Bertin Martens
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2004-02-05
ISBN : 1134340176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book seeks to explain long-term economic development and institutional change in terms of the cognitive features of human learning and communication processes. Martens links individual cognitive processes to macroeconomic growth theories, including economies of scale and scope, and to theories of institutional development based on asymmetric information in production processes and economies of scale in enforcement technology. With considerable flair, Bertin Martens has applied the hot new area of psychological and behavioural economics to notions of growth and development and has created a unique and impressive volume.

The Institution of Science and the Science of Institutions

The Institution of Science and the Science of Institutions Book
Author : Marcel Herbst
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-02
ISBN : 9400774079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present anthology, edited by Marcel Herbst, is partially based on a conference, held in 2009, to reflect on the legacy of Ben-David, and contains a selection of substantially revised papers, plus four contributions specifically written for this volume. The book focuses on three major lines of Ben-David’s research, namely “Center and Periphery” (Part I), “Role and Ethos” (Part II), and “Organization and Growth” (Part III). In addition, comprehensive introductory (“Prologue”) and concluding chapters (“Epilogue”, Part IV) by Marcel Herbst are provided. The volume addresses the following disciplines: higher education, history and sociology of science, philosophy of science, history of medicine, public administration, policy studies, Jewish studies, and economics. The anthology is one of two new publications on Joseph Ben-David after the special Minerva edition Vol. 25, Numbers 1–2, March 1987, and Gad Freudenthal’s collection of Ben-David’s writings [1991]. The text can be used in graduate studies, it addresses higher education professionals or public officials, and serves as a gateway to researchers in the field of higher education, science studies, or policy sciences.

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism Book
Author : Royston Greenwood,Christine Oliver,Roy Suddaby,Kerstin Sahlin-Andersson
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2008-03-18
ISBN : 1446206696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Institutional theory lies at the heart of organizational theory yet until now, no book has successfully taken stock of this important and wide-ranging theoretical perspective. With insight and clarity, the editors of this handbook have collected and arranged papers so readers are provided with a map of the field and pointed in the direction of new and emerging themes. The academics who have contributed to this handbook are respected internationally and represent a cross-section of expert organization theorists, sociologists and political scientists. Chapters are a rich mix of theory, how to conduct institutional organizational analysis and empirical work. The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism will change how researchers, teachers and advanced students think about organizational institutionalism.

The SAGE Handbook of Service Dominant Logic

The SAGE Handbook of Service Dominant Logic Book
Author : Stephen L. Vargo,Robert F. Lusch,Kaisa Koskela-Huotari
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 152645548X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Service-Dominant Logic presents a major paradigm shift in thinking about value creation and markets, moving from a ‘goods/product’ logic to a logic that treats the process of service provision as the basis of all exchange, both commercial and social. This timely Handbook brings together chapters written by a stellar cast of expert authors from around the globe, arranged around eleven core themes, to provide a comprehensive overview of key issues, developments, debates and potential future directions for this dynamic field of study: Part 1: Introduction and Background Part 2: Value Cocreation Part 3: Service Exchange Part 4: Service Ecosystems Part 5: Institutions and Institutional Arrangements Part 6: Resources and Resource Integration Part 7: Actors and Practices Part 8: Innovation Part 9: Midrange Theory Part 10: Selected Applications Part 11: Reflections and Prospects This Handbook is an essential reference text for scholars, students, consultants and advanced practitioners across a wide range of business & management practices and academic disciplines.

The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect

The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect Book
Author : Sonja C. Grover
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect book written by Sonja C. Grover, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics

The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics Book
Author : Elena Fell,Ioanna Kopsiafti
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-14
ISBN : 1317228669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book seeks to fill a void in contemporary aesthetics scholarship by considering the cognitive features that make the aesthetic and artistic worthy of philosophical study. Aesthetic cognition has been largely abandoned by analytical philosophy, which instead tends to focus its attention on the ‘non-exhibited’ properties of artwork or issues concerning semantic and syntactic structure. The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics innovatively seeks to correct the marginalization of aesthetics in analytical philosophy by reinterpreting aesthetic cognition through an integration of Ernst Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms with Paul Crowther’s theory of imagination and philosophy of art. This integration has three important outcomes: 1) it explains why the aesthetic and artistic constitute a unique form of knowledge; 2) it shows the role this plays in the formation of aesthetics as a discipline; and 3) it describes why aesthetic cognition is so deeply engaging. This book’s unique theoretical approach engages with important works of visual, conceptual, and digital art, as well as literature, music, and theatre.

The Role of Institutions of Higher Learning in Preventing Or Minimizing Mental Retardation

The Role of Institutions of Higher Learning in Preventing Or Minimizing Mental Retardation Book
Author : United States. President's Committee on Mental Retardation
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Role of Institutions of Higher Learning in Preventing Or Minimizing Mental Retardation book written by United States. President's Committee on Mental Retardation, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Concept Image and Symbol

Concept  Image  and Symbol Book
Author : Ronald W. Langacker
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9783110172805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This classic research monograph develops and illustrates the theory of linguistic structure known as Cognitive Grammar, and applies it to representative phenomena in English and other languages. Cognitive grammar views language as an integral facet of cognition and claims that grammatical structure cannot be understood or revealingly described independently of semantic considerations. It argues that grammar forms a continuum with the lexicon and is reducible to symbolic relationships (i.e. form-meaning pairings), and consequently that all valid grammatical constructs have some kind of conceptual import. The coherence and descriptive potential of cognitive grammar are exemplified by application to a broad variety of grammatical phenomena drawn from numerous languages.

The Social Institutions of Capitalism

The Social Institutions of Capitalism Book
Author : Pursey Heugens,Hans van Oosterhout,Jack J. Vromen
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2003-01-01
ISBN : 9781781950333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering a diverse set of contributions to current social contracting research, this text illustrates how social contracts necessarily underlie and facilitate all forms of capitalist production and exchange.

Advancing Socio Economics

Advancing Socio Economics Book
Author : J. Rogers Hollingsworth,Karl H. Müller,Ellen Jane Hollingsworth
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780742511774
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This landmark volume takes a first step towards imposing order on the increasingly diverse field of socio-economics by embedding the various disciplines and sub-disciplines in a common core. The distinguished contributors in this volume show how institutions, governance arrangements, societal sectors, organizations, individual actors, and innovativeness are intertwined and, ultimately, how individuals and firms have a high degree of autonomy.