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The Cognitive Basis Of Institutions

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The Cognitive Basis of Institutions

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions Book
Author : Shinji Teraji
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-20
ISBN : 9780128120231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative 'prosocial' behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions Book
Author : Shinji Teraji
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-16
ISBN : 0128120452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative ‘prosocial’ behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

Cognition Rationality and Institutions

Cognition  Rationality  and Institutions Book
Author : Manfred E. Streit,Uwe Mummert,Daniel Kiwit
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642597831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Institutions are rules that are supported by various enforcement mechanisms. Cognition refers to the process of how men perceive and process information, whereas rationality refers to how these processes are modelled. Within institutional economics there is a growing scepticism towards extending the conventional economic frame of analysis to institutions. In particular, the notion of perfect rationality is increasingly questioned. At the same time human cognition has become a major field of research in psychology. This book explores what institutional economics can learn from cognitive psychology regarding the proper modelling of rationality in order to explain institutional change.

Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development in Post Socialist Economies

Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development in Post Socialist Economies Book
Author : David Smallbone,Friederike Welter
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-07-25
ISBN : 1134327501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines entrepreneurship and small business in Russia and key countries of Eastern Europe, showing how far small businesses have developed, and discusses how far 'market reforms' and a market mentality have been taken up by ordinary people in the real everyday economy. For each of the countries examined - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland and Estonia - the book reviews the progress of market reforms within the wider context of social and economic transformation, surveys the development of entrepreneurship and small firms so far, and assesses the role of government in the process, and the strengths and weaknesses of the small business sector.

Auditing Ecosystem and Strategic Accounting in the Digital Era

Auditing Ecosystem and Strategic Accounting in the Digital Era Book
Author : Tamer Aksoy,Umit Hacioglu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-14
ISBN : 3030726282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines current topics and trends in strategic auditing, accounting and finance in digital transformation both from a theoretical and practical perspective. It covers areas such as internal control, corporate governance, enterprise risk management, sustainability and competition. The contributors of this volume emphasize how strategic approaches in this area help companies in achieving targets. The contributions illustrate how by providing good governance, reliable financial reporting, and accountability, businesses can win a competitive advantage. It further discusses how new technological developments like artificial intelligence (AI), cybersystems, network technologies, financial mobility and smart applications, will shape the future of accounting and auditing for firms.​

The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics

The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics Book
Author : Elena Fell,Ioanna Kopsiafti
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-14
ISBN : 1317228677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book seeks to fill a void in contemporary aesthetics scholarship by considering the cognitive features that make the aesthetic and artistic worthy of philosophical study. Aesthetic cognition has been largely abandoned by analytical philosophy, which instead tends to focus its attention on the ‘non-exhibited’ properties of artwork or issues concerning semantic and syntactic structure. The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics innovatively seeks to correct the marginalization of aesthetics in analytical philosophy by reinterpreting aesthetic cognition through an integration of Ernst Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms with Paul Crowther’s theory of imagination and philosophy of art. This integration has three important outcomes: 1) it explains why the aesthetic and artistic constitute a unique form of knowledge; 2) it shows the role this plays in the formation of aesthetics as a discipline; and 3) it describes why aesthetic cognition is so deeply engaging. This book’s unique theoretical approach engages with important works of visual, conceptual, and digital art, as well as literature, music, and theatre.

The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect

The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect Book
Author : Sonja C. Grover
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect book written by Sonja C. Grover, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Cognitive Basis of Social Interaction Across the Lifespan

The Cognitive Basis of Social Interaction Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Heather J. Ferguson,Elisabeth E. F Bradford
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-06-30
ISBN : 0192581333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social interaction is an important aspect of everyday life and its success (or lack of) impacts heavily on our wellbeing. A vital part of successful social interaction is the ability to understand and predict events in terms of other people's mental states, such as their intentions, beliefs, emotions, and desires (termed Theory of Mind, ToM). Children typically develop the necessary skills for social interaction around four years old, and as healthy adults, we engage in social interaction frequently and seemingly without a great deal of difficulty. This book explores how human social interactive abilities change across the lifespan, looking at infancy, early and middle childhood, adolescence and young adulthood, adulthood, and older age, as well as healthy and atypical development. Over nine chapters, leading researchers in the field provide an overview of the most recent findings, contribute to key debates on social phenomena (including their underlying mechanisms, environmental triggers, and neural basis), and outline innovative avenues for future directions. Written in an accessible style, this book will appeal to a wide range of readers including academics and students of psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, linguistics, and philosophy, as well as providing valuable insights for clinicians and practitioners working in the fields of social care, mental health, and education.

Teaching Medical Professionalism

Teaching Medical Professionalism Book
Author : Richard L. Cruess,Sylvia R. Cruess,Yvonne Steinert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-10-13
ISBN : 1139474510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until recently professionalism was transmitted by respected role models, a method that depended heavily on the presence of a homogeneous society sharing values. This is no longer true, and medical schools and postgraduate training programs in the developed world are now actively teaching professionalism to students and trainees. In addition, licensing and certifying bodies are attempting to assess the professionalism of practising physicians on an ongoing basis. This is the only book available to provide guidance to those designing and implementing programs on teaching professionalism. It outlines the cognitive base of professionalism, provides a theoretical basis for teaching the subject, gives general principles for establishing programs at various levels (undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuing professional development), and documents the experience of institutions who are leaders in the field. Teaching aids that have been used successfully by contributors are included as an appendix.

Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany

Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany Book
Author : Kerstin Rosenow-Williams
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 9004230556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Kerstin Rosenow-Williams analyzes the challenges faced by Islamic organizations in Germany since the beginning of the 21st century, providing original empirical insights based on a sociological research perspective.

Institutional Theory in Tourism and Hospitality

Institutional Theory in Tourism and Hospitality Book
Author : Anna Earl,C. Michael Hall
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 1000408914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Institutions are fundamental aspects in driving tourism and hospitality globally. They are the socio-economic ‘rules of the game’ that serve to shape and constrain human and organisational interactions. This book is the first of its kind to provide a comprehensive overview of institutional theory in a tourism and hospitality context. The complexity and multiple scaled nature of the institutional environment plays a crucial role in the development and formation of tourism destinations, attractions, organisations, and businesses, as well as influencing the activities of individuals. Institutional theory therefore provides a means to understand the complexity and processes of change at different scales of analysis and provides insights into the organisational and political basis of tourism policy development and implementation. Chapters introduce and expand on institutional analysis in tourism and hospitality, institutional theory in the social sciences, methodological issues, and future directions in institutional analysis in tourism and hospitality, making use of case studies throughout. This book will appeal to students of Tourism, Hospitality, Leisure and Events, as well as other social science disciplines. Providing a comprehensive overview of and guide to the application of institutional theory, this book will serve as a comprehensive reference to institutional theory in a tourism and hospitality setting for years to come.

Language Down the Garden Path

Language Down the Garden Path Book
Author : Montserrat Sanz,Itziar Laka,Michael K. Tanenhaus
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-08-30
ISBN : 0191664820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thomas G. Bever's now iconic sentence, The horse raced past the barn fell, first appeared in his 1970 paper "The Cognitive Basis of Linguistic Structures". This 'garden path sentence', so-called because of the way it leads the reader or listener down the wrong parsing path, helped spawn the entire subfield of sentence processing. It has become the most often quoted element of a paper which spanned a wealth of research into the relationship between the grammatical system and language processing. Language Down the garden Path traces the lines of research that grew out of Bever's classic paper. Leading scientists review over 40 years of debates on the factors at play in language comprehension, production, and acquisition (the role of prediction, grammar, working memory, prosody, abstractness, syntax, and semantics mapping); the current status of universals and narrow syntax; and virtually every topic relevant in psycholinguistics since 1970. Written in an accessible and engaging style, the book will appeal to all those interested in understanding the questions that shaped, and are still shaping, this field and the ways in which linguists, cognitive scientists, psychologists, and neuroscientists are seeking to answer them.

Elgar Companion to Neo Schumpeterian Economics

Elgar Companion to Neo Schumpeterian Economics Book
Author : Horst Hanusch,Andreas Pyka
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1847207014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics is a cutting-edge collection of specially commissioned contributions highlighting not only the broad scope but also the common ground between all branches of this prolific and fast developing field of economics. For 25 years economists have been investigating industrial dynamics under the heading of neo-Schumpeterian economics, which has itself become a mature and widely acknowledged discipline in the fields of innovation, knowledge, growth and development economics. The Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics surveys the achievements of the most visible scholars in this area. The contributions to the Companion give both a brief survey on the various fields of neo-Schumpeterian economics as well as insights into recent research at the scientific frontiers. The book also illustrates the potential of neo-Schumpeterian economics to overcome its so far self-imposed restriction to the domains of technology driven industry dynamics, and to become a comprehensive approach in economics suited for the analysis of development processes in all economic domains. Integrating both the public sector and financial markets, the book focusses on the co-evolutionary processes between the different domains. As a roadmap for the development of a comprehensive neo-Schumpeterian theory, the Companion will be an invaluable source of reference for researchers in the fields of industrial dynamics and economic growth, and academics and scholars of economics generally. PhD students will find the Companion an indispensable general introduction to the field of neo-Schumpeterian economics. It will also appeal to politicians and consultants engaged in national and international policy as the Companion deals with the highly important and ever topical phenomena of economic development.

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism Book
Author : Royston Greenwood,Christine Oliver,Thomas B. Lawrence,Renate E. Meyer
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2017-05-01
ISBN : 1526415038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism brings together extensive coverage of aspects of Institutional Theory and an array of top academic contributors. Now in its Second Edition, the book has been thoroughly revised and reorganised, with all chapters updated to maintain a mix of theory, how to conduct institutional organizational analysis, and contemporary empirical work. New chapters on Translation, Networks and Institutional Pluralism are included to reflect new directions in the field. The Second Edition has also been reorganized into six parts: Part One: Beginnings (Foundations) Part Two: Organizations and their Contexts Part Three: Institutional Processes Part Four: Conversations Part Five: Consequences Part Six: Reflections

Policy Making at the Second Tier of Local Government in Europe

Policy Making at the Second Tier of Local Government in Europe Book
Author : Xavier Bertrana,Björn Egner,Hubert Heinelt
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-09-07
ISBN : 131737486X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Debates about multi-level governance have led to a profound restructuring of regional and local government. The second level of local government is under review in most European countries, with the aim to strengthen the institutional capacity of municipalities or to develop appropriate institutional structures for governing fragmented urban areas. This book provides a thematic and cross-national analysis of the key actors in local government that form the crucial components of effective and democratic policy making. Focussing on the second tier of local government, it examines new empirical data on councillors from this level of government in 15 European countries and integrates important variables such as party politics, notions of democracy, finance, multi-level settings. Divided into five parts, it addresses: Attitudes of county/provincial councillors towards administrative and territorial reforms; Their role perceptions and role behaviour; Their political orientation; Actor constellations and governance arrangements; Political socialization and recruitment, professionalization and career patterns of county/provincial councillors. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of local government, urban studies, regional studies, political science, sociology and geography.

The Institution of Science and the Science of Institutions

The Institution of Science and the Science of Institutions Book
Author : Marcel Herbst
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-02
ISBN : 9400774079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present anthology, edited by Marcel Herbst, is partially based on a conference, held in 2009, to reflect on the legacy of Ben-David, and contains a selection of substantially revised papers, plus four contributions specifically written for this volume. The book focuses on three major lines of Ben-David’s research, namely “Center and Periphery” (Part I), “Role and Ethos” (Part II), and “Organization and Growth” (Part III). In addition, comprehensive introductory (“Prologue”) and concluding chapters (“Epilogue”, Part IV) by Marcel Herbst are provided. The volume addresses the following disciplines: higher education, history and sociology of science, philosophy of science, history of medicine, public administration, policy studies, Jewish studies, and economics. The anthology is one of two new publications on Joseph Ben-David after the special Minerva edition Vol. 25, Numbers 1–2, March 1987, and Gad Freudenthal’s collection of Ben-David’s writings [1991]. The text can be used in graduate studies, it addresses higher education professionals or public officials, and serves as a gateway to researchers in the field of higher education, science studies, or policy sciences.

The Cognitive Bases of Interpersonal Communication

The Cognitive Bases of Interpersonal Communication Book
Author : Dean E. Hewes
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-12-16
ISBN : 113543526X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our interpretations of the world we live in, and the people and institutions that comprise it, are acquired through complex interactions among what we believe to be true, what the world is, and/or what others think it is. Understanding those complex interactions is one of the most important goals of the social sciences. Of the many disciplines that have contributed to that understanding, two take center stage in this book -- psychology and communication. This volume's purpose is to reconnect the partially isolated environments of social psychology and communication. To do so, it utilizes four building blocks: * the cognitive foundations of interpersonal communication as it might be studied from a social psychological perspective * insiders' views of interpersonal communication from a cognitive psychological standpoint * insiders' approaches to interpersonal communication from an AI perspective * a critique of the cognitive enterprise that reflects the strong philosophical grounding of communication. Overall, the chapters typify some of the most interesting cognitive work done in the study of interpersonal communication. As such, the book should promote productive dialogue across disciplinary boundaries and stimulate further work within the field of interpersonal communication.

Re examining Development

Re examining Development Book
Author : Sun-Ki Chai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Re examining Development book written by Sun-Ki Chai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Organizations and Organizing

Organizations and Organizing Book
Author : W Richard Scott,Gerald F. Davis
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-08-07
ISBN : 1317345924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This broad, balanced introduction to organizational studies enables the reader to compare and contrast different approaches to the study of organizations. This book is a valuable tool for the reader, as we are all intertwined with organizations in one form or another. Numerous other disciplines besides sociology are addressed in this book, including economics, political science, strategy and management theory. Topic areas discussed in this book are the importance of organizations; defining organizations; organizations as rational, natural, and open systems; environments, strategies, and structures of organizations; and organizations and society. For those employed in fields where knowledge of organizational theory is necessary, including sociology, anthropology, cognitive psychology, industrial engineering, managers in corporations and international business, and business strategists.