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The Brain And Host Defense

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The Brain and Host Defense

The Brain and Host Defense Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-12-24
ISBN : 9780444535450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is now well recognized that the brain, and especially the hypothalamus, plays an important role in the regulation of immune reactions and inflammation. This book aims to review our current state of knowledge of this important field. Key historical findings are presented, and the reciprocal interactions between the brain and the immune system are examined. Particular emphasis is placed on inflammation, a critical host defense reaction that serves as an effector response for both the adaptive and innate immune systems. Mechanisms implicated in brain defense, as well as in more general host defense, are discussed. The regulatory influences of the brain on inflammatory responses are included with particular reference to the role of the hypothalamus, which is also the main director the hormonal regulation of immune/inflammatory. Gender-related differences in immune responsiveness, circadian modulator of immune responses, and evidence that behavioral conditioning (e.g. reward) of immune responses is possible are used as examples to reinforce the notion that the neuroendocrine system exerts a fundamental and complex regulatory influence on the immune system. * Presents timely issues such as immunological aspects of the blood-brain-barrier and the role of inflammatory mediators in the evolution of strokes and degenerative diseases * Includes analysis of the role of the brain in the adaptive responses to disease * Evaluates the argument that further knowledge of the influence of the brain on the immune system will provide new insights to the pathophysiology infectious and autoimmune diseases

Neural and Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Host Defense and Autoimmunity

Neural and Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Host Defense and Autoimmunity Book
Author : C. Jane Welsh,Mary Meagher,Esther Sternberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-04-05
ISBN : 0387483349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a lucid summary of behavioral, neural and endocrine regulation of immune responses and of the effects of immune system activity on neural and endocrine functions and behavior. The underlying premise is that the brain and immune system represent a single, integrated system of defense. The discussion includes such topics and stress induced modulation of innate resistance and adaptive immunity in influenza viral infections.

Host Defense Mechanisms Against Human Cytomegalovirus Brain Infection

Host Defense Mechanisms Against Human Cytomegalovirus Brain Infection Book
Author : Maxim Chacko-Joseph Cheeran
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Host Defense Mechanisms Against Human Cytomegalovirus Brain Infection book written by Maxim Chacko-Joseph Cheeran, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Host Defense Dysfunction in Trauma Shock and Sepsis

Host Defense Dysfunction in Trauma  Shock and Sepsis Book
Author : Eugen Faist,Jonathan L. Meakins,Friedrich W. Schildberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642774059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a unique overview of all aspects of host defense alterations under stressful conditions. It is based on the most important contributions given at the "2nd International Congress on the Immune Consequences of Trauma, Shock, and Sepsis-Mechanisms and Therapeutic Approaches," which was held in Munich under the auspices of the most distinguished scientific societies involved in this field (Society of Critical Care Medicine, European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, Societe Internationale de Chirurgie, Surgical Infection Society, Surgical Infection Society Europe, European Society for Surgical Research, International Society for Burn Injury, American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, and National Institutes of Health). Since the first conference of this kind in 1988, new information from basic studies and clinical trials has provided exciting and novel insights into the immune dysfunctions accom panying trauma, shock, and sepsis. The volume is divided into 18 parts presenting the structural background of trauma-induced alterations of immune and imflammatory mechanisms as well as the currently discussed therapeutic interventions designed to restore or maintain normal host defenses following major injury. Introducing the general theme of the book is a summary of the essential keystones of trauma and sepsis-related immune deficits. Discussions of the progress in trauma care brought through better understanding of the cell biology of injury and of the major clinical factors that influence host defense integrity in operative medicine provide a setting for understanding the wide array of detailed information that is presented thereafter.

Advances in The Immunology of Host Defense Peptide Mechanisms and Applications of Antimicrobial Functions and Beyond

Advances in The Immunology of Host Defense Peptide  Mechanisms and Applications of Antimicrobial Functions and Beyond Book
Author : Mark Hulett,Charles Lee Bevins,Thanh Kha Phan
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-04-07
ISBN : 2889666670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in The Immunology of Host Defense Peptide Mechanisms and Applications of Antimicrobial Functions and Beyond book written by Mark Hulett,Charles Lee Bevins,Thanh Kha Phan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Insights to Neuroimmune Biology

Insights to Neuroimmune Biology Book
Author : Istvan Berczi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 012801833X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insights to Neuroimmune Biology, Second Edition discusses the systemic regulatory network, coordination, organization, and interpretation of the rapidly accumulating knowledge on the topic of neuroimmune biology, with an ultimate goal of helping readers understand the function of higher organisms, including man, in their entire complexity. This publication provides assessments and interpretations of accumulated experimental evidence, enabling the scientific community to keep abreast of essential advancements of existing knowledge as we search for greater understanding of the biology of higher organisms. Provides information on the importance and applicability of the field of neuroimmunology Describes subjects that have shown significant recent developments Introduces a whole new dimension to neuroimmunology by discussing Epigenetic Immunoregulation Investigates the mechanisms and functions of the Neuroimmune Regulatory Supersystem Promotes translational research in the field of neuroimmune biology Covers challenges, such as dealing with problems of e.g., hypothalamic regulation of immune functions, interrelationships of stress and disease, epigenetic immunoregulation, neuroprotection, and neuroimmune regulation in pregnancy.

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Deprivation Book
Author : Clete A. Kushida
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 0203997409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analyzing ground-breaking research, this reference highlights the impact of sleep deprivation on the well-being of the individual and society-presenting current theories on the function of sleep, the effects of sleep deprivation on patients with medical and psychiatric conditions, as well as providing interpretative and methodological results in comparative studies of sleep deprivation.

New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology

New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology Book
Author : Istvan Berczi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-05-27
ISBN : 9780123846921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology investigates the mechanisms that and functions of the Neuroimmune Regulatory Supersystem. Covering molecular regulation of cytokines in brain astrocytes, immunoregulation by the sympathetic nervous system, circadian regulation of immune reactions, antigen recognition by the CNS, the modulation of the immune response by head injury, neurogenic inflammation, the role of tachykinins in asthma and allergic disease, defence and defeat reactions, cytokines, behavior and affective disorders, increased activity of type 1 helper T cell functions after reward stimulation. This book has relevance to the entire scientific community in Biology, Medicine and Veterinary medicine as it discusses molecular, cellular, organic and systemic aspects as well as the physological, pathophysiological and behavioral mechnisms which are involved in Neuroimmiune Biology.

Neuroimmunology of Sleep

Neuroimmunology of Sleep Book
Author : S. R. Pandi-Perumal,Daniel P. Cardinali,Georgios Chrousos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-19
ISBN : 0387691464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely work reflects the growing importance of research into the nature of sleep and its medical aspects. One of the first of its kind, this work on the neuroimmunology of sleep provides an introduction to the interplay between these two key and interlinked areas. Written both from a basic and a clinical perspective, the volume is an invaluable information resource for biomedical professionals and students of the human biology. Highly practical guide written from both a basic and clinical perspective.

Neurovirology Viruses and the Brain

Neurovirology  Viruses and the Brain Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-07-06
ISBN : 0080493807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the first in a planned series of thematic volumes for Advances in Virus Research. It covers the etiology, pathogenetic mechanisms, and clincial consequences of human neurotropic viruses. Buchmeier is a virologist, Campbell an immunologist, and both are extremely well known in their fields. Numerous illustrations including colour Knowledgeable discussion of the potential role of viral infections in teratogenic and developmental disorders Frank discussion of the role of stress in disease Behavioural consequences of chronic CNS infection

Natural Killer Cells and Host Defense

Natural Killer Cells and Host Defense Book
Author : Edwin W. Ades,Carlos Lopez
Publisher : S Karger Ag
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Natural Killer Cells and Host Defense book written by Edwin W. Ades,Carlos Lopez, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences

Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences Book
Author : Gary G. Berntson,John T. Cacioppo, PhD
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-10-12
ISBN : 0470083565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As technology has made imaging of the brain noninvasive and inexpensive, nearly every psychologist in every subfield is using pictures of the brain to show biological connections to feelings and behavior. Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences, Volume I provides psychologists and other behavioral scientists with a solid foundation in the increasingly critical field of neuroscience. Current and accessible, this volume provides the information they need to understand the new biological bases, research tools, and implications of brain and gene research as it relates to psychology.

Immunopharmacology Reviews Volume 2

Immunopharmacology Reviews Volume 2 Book
Author : J.W. Hadden,A. Szentivanyi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1461303494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'A thoroughly enjoyable and very useful work. As the editors say in their preface, 'we have intended these reviews to be the best by the best'-they make this point very convincingly.' -ASM News, from a review of Volume 1 This series continues to present the most current findings in the field of immune manipulation. Here, twelve chapters provide detailed coverage of cancer, microbial, and allergy immunopharmacology as well as autoimmunity and neuroimmunomodulation.

Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery

Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery Book
Author : H. Richard Winn
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2022-01-21
ISBN : 0323674992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Widely regarded as the definitive reference in the field, Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery offers unparalleled, multimedia coverage of the entirety of this complex specialty. Fully updated to reflect recent advances in the basic and clinical neurosciences, the 8th Edition covers everything you need to know about functional and restorative neurosurgery, deep brain stimulation, stem cell biology, radiological and nuclear imaging, and neuro-oncology, as well as minimally invasive surgeries in spine and peripheral nerve surgery, and endoscopic and other approaches for cranial procedures and cerebrovascular diseases. In four comprehensive volumes, Dr. H. Richard Winn and his expert team of editors and authors provide updated content, a significantly expanded video library, and hundreds of new video lectures that help you master new procedures, new technologies, and essential anatomic knowledge in neurosurgery. Discusses current topics such as diffusion tensor imaging, brain and spine robotic surgery, augmented reality as an aid in neurosurgery, AI and big data in neurosurgery, and neuroimaging in stereotactic functional neurosurgery. 55 new chapters provide cutting-edge information on Surgical Anatomy of the Spine, Precision Medicine in Neurosurgery, The Geriatric Patient, Neuroanesthesia During Pregnancy, Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for Epilepsy, Fetal Surgery for Myelomeningocele, Rehabilitation of Acute Spinal Cord Injury, Surgical Considerations for Patients with Polytrauma, Endovascular Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms, and much more. Hundreds of all-new video lectures clarify key concepts in techniques, cases, and surgical management and evaluation. Notable lecture videos include multiple videos on Thalamotomy for Focal Hand Dystonia and a video to accompany a new chapter on the Basic Science of Brain Metastases. An extensive video library contains stunning anatomy videos and videos demonstrating intraoperative procedures with more than 800 videos in all. Each clinical section contains chapters on technology specific to a clinical area. Each section contains a chapter providing an overview from experienced Section Editors, including a report on ongoing controversies within that subspecialty.

Enterotoxins Microbial Proteins and Host Cell Dysregulation

Enterotoxins  Microbial Proteins and Host Cell Dysregulation Book
Author : Teresa Krakauer
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-10-01
ISBN : 3038421634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Enterotoxins: Microbial Proteins and Host Cell Dysregulation" that was published in Toxins

Inflammatory Cells and Mediators in CNS Disease

Inflammatory Cells and Mediators in CNS Disease Book
Author : Giora Z. Feuerstein,A. Jaqueline Hunter,Brian W. Metcalf,George Poste,Robert R. Ruffolo, Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-02
ISBN : 0203304241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book looks at the causes and long-term effects of inflammation in the CNS as a result of various conditions, and the therapeutic opportunities presented in each case. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged leader in the field

Host Defense Mechanisms Against Cancer

Host Defense Mechanisms Against Cancer Book
Author : Tadao Aoki,Ichirō Urushizaki,Eirō Tsubura
Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Host Defense Mechanisms Against Cancer book written by Tadao Aoki,Ichirō Urushizaki,Eirō Tsubura, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders

Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders Book
Author : Heinrich Sauer,Ajay M. Shah,Francisco R. M. Laurindo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-11
ISBN : 1607616009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of articles on oxidative stress in clinical practice surveys essential current research in what is a rapidly evolving field. As well as giving the reader a mechanistic overview of how oxidative stress affects cardiovascular disease, it analyzes the potential of a number of therapeutic options that target these pathways. Understanding the complexity of the cellular redox system could lead to the development of better targeted interventions that facilitate patient recovery. Even as large-scale clinical trials of so-called ‘simple’ antioxidant approaches such as vitamins C and E show that significant benefits for cardiovascular patients remain elusive, Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders demonstrates that such approaches are too simplistic. Beginning with a summary of redox signaling models that could induce the progression of redox-associated cardiovascular disorders, the volume moves on to examine redox-mediated protein modification under physiological and pathophysiological conditions. It provides an outline of the signaling pathways in cardiovascular development during embryogenesis, and what impact these might have in the differentiation process of resident cardiac and blastocyst derived stem cells. Further chapters detail our current knowledge of the influence the sensory nervous system exerts on the cardiovascular system, and the paradoxical role of mitochondria-derived ROS in cardiac protection. In all, almost 30 contributions cover issues as diverse as the antioxidant properties of statins in the heart and the oxidative risk factors for cardiovascular disease in women. A range of medical practitioners will find the contents of Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders provides illuminating insight into the Janus-faced role of ROS in the cardiovascular system.

Fungal Immunology

Fungal Immunology  Book
Author : Paul L. Fidel,Gary B. Huffnagle
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-09
ISBN : 0387254455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive review of all known immune mechanisms for medically important fungal pathogens from the organ perspectives of the human body. This authoritative guide is organized by organ system, as one particular fungus can have several different effects.

Cytokines and the CNS

Cytokines and the CNS Book
Author : Richard M. Ransohoff,Etty N. Benveniste
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-10-31
ISBN : 1420039849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides Insight into How Cytokine Action Impacts the Physiology and Pathology of the CNS. As with the first edition of Cytokines and the CNS, this completely updated and revised edition introduces neurobiologists to cytokine biology and immunologists to the unique functions of cytokines in CNS physiology. The dramatically accelerating interest in cytokines and cytokine/chemokine signaling over the past several years has encouraged an explosion of literature on cytokines. The similarity between factors involved in inflammation or immunity, and those implicated in neural development, physiology, and repair has become so apparent that familiarity with cytokines must now be considered an essential element in the neurobiologist’s cognitive tool-kit. Conversely, for immunobiologists, the concepts elaborated by neurobiologists to understand developmental patterning and networked organ function continue to evolve in such a way that comprehension of cytokine action in the CNS can only enhance a further understanding of immune system function. Cytokines and the CNS, Second Edition is patterned after the first edition; however, the wealth of knowledge now available adds a tremendous amount of insight and new implications. To guarantee a fresh perspective, the editors made a conscious choice to utilize an entirely new set of contributors, all experts in various aspects of cytokine research. Cytokines and the CNS, Second Edition starts with a chapter on the CNS, focusing on pathological reactions to insult. Next, come three chapters on cytokine biology, followed by four chapters that integrate cytokine biology into basic CNS processes (development; inflammation; immunity; degeneration/repair), after which five chapters apply this body of knowledge to disease or pathology. The book closes with a look at the application of cytokine biology to the treatment of disease, a brand new area of research.