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The Body Brain Fusion For Neuroscience

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The Body Brain Fusion for Neuroscience

The Body Brain Fusion for Neuroscience Book
Author : Tamas L. Horvath,Joy Hirsch
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 0128180943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Body-Brain Fusion for Neuroscience describes the state-of-the-art in brain research, with a particular emphasis on the relationship between the brain and peripheral organs. The book emphasizes the non-neuronal cells in the central nervous system and how emerging mechanisms and players of the immune system interact with "classical" brain cells to control and affect behavior, autonomic regulation and neurodegenerative processes. As a better understanding of afferent and efferent functions of the brain are important to contemporary neuronal doctrine, this book is a crucial read for anyone who wants to become familiar with the inner workings of the nervous system. Introduces the reader to basic principles of brain research and integrative physiology Dissects the dispute between Cajal and Golgi regarding the state-of-the art in the neurosciences and immunobiology Provides a short history of brain research and metabolism Discusses contemporary approaches in the neurosciences, along with the importance of technological versus conceptual advances Examines the dynamics of social connections between two brains, integrating mechanisms of Body/Brain/Behavior-to-Body/Brain/Behavior between subjects

Neuroscience Exploring the Brain Enhanced Edition

Neuroscience  Exploring the Brain  Enhanced Edition Book
Author : Mark Bear,Barry Connors,Michael A. Paradiso
Publisher :
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 1284211282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Acclaimed for its clear, friendly style, excellent illustrations, leading author team, and compelling theme of exploration, Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain, 4e takes a fresh, contemporary approach to the study of neuroscience, emphasizing the biological basis of behavior. The authors' passion for the dynamic field of neuroscience is evident on every page, engaging students and helping them master the material. In just a few years, the field of neuroscience has been transformed by exciting new technologies and an explosion of knowledge about the brain. The human genome has been sequenced, sophisticated new methods have been developed for genetic engineering, and new methods have been introduced to enable visualization and stimulation of specific types of nerve cells and connections in the brain. The new Fourth Edition has been fully updated to reflect these and other rapid advances in the field, while honoring its commitment to be student-friendly with striking new illustrations, additional animations, and an unparalleled array of online resources.

Computational Neuroscience Theoretical Insights into Brain Function

Computational Neuroscience  Theoretical Insights into Brain Function Book
Author : Paul Cisek,Trevor Drew,John Kalaska
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-11-14
ISBN : 9780080555027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational neuroscience is a relatively new but rapidly expanding area of research which is becoming increasingly influential in shaping the way scientists think about the brain. Computational approaches have been applied at all levels of analysis, from detailed models of single-channel function, transmembrane currents, single-cell electrical activity, and neural signaling to broad theories of sensory perception, memory, and cognition. This book provides a snapshot of this exciting new field by bringing together chapters on a diversity of topics from some of its most important contributors. This includes chapters on neural coding in single cells, in small networks, and across the entire cerebral cortex, visual processing from the retina to object recognition, neural processing of auditory, vestibular, and electromagnetic stimuli, pattern generation, voluntary movement and posture, motor learning, decision-making and cognition, and algorithms for pattern recognition. Each chapter provides a bridge between a body of data on neural function and a mathematical approach used to interpret and explain that data. These contributions demonstrate how computational approaches have become an essential tool which is integral in many aspects of brain science, from the interpretation of data to the design of new experiments, and to the growth of our understanding of neural function. • Includes contributions by some of the most influential people in the field of computational neuroscience • Demonstrates how computational approaches are being used today to interpret experimental data • Covers a wide range of topics from single neurons, to neural systems, to abstract models of learning

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem Book
Author : H. Isaac Chen,John F. Burke,Akiva S. Cohen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 2889450988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is traditionally viewed as an anatomic and neuropathological condition. Caring for TBI patients is a matter of defining the extent of an anatomical lesion, managing this lesion, and minimizing secondary brain injury. On the research side, the effects of TBI often are studied in the context of neuronal and axonal degeneration and the subsequent deposition of abnormal proteins such as tau. These approaches form the basis of our current understanding of TBI, but they pay less attention to the function of the affected organ, the brain. Much can be learned about TBI by studying this disorder on a systems neuroscience level and correlating changes in neural circuitry with neurological and cognitive function. There are several aspects of TBI that are a natural fit for this perspective, including post-traumatic epilepsy, consciousness, and cognitive sequelae. How individual neurons contribute to network activity and how network function responds to injury are key concepts in examining these areas. In recent years, the available tools for studying the role of neuronal assemblies in TBI have become increasingly sophisticated, ranging from optogenetic and electrophysiological techniques to advanced imaging modalities such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography. Further progress in understanding the disruption and subsequent reshaping of networks is likely to have substantial benefits in the treatment of patients with TBI-associated deficits. In this Frontiers Topic, we intend to highlight the systems neuroscience approach to studying TBI. In addition to analyzing the clinical sequelae of TBI in this context, this series of articles explores the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying network dysfunction, including alterations in synaptic activity, changes in neural oscillation patterns, and disruptions in functional connectivity. We also include articles on treatment options for TBI patients that modulate network function. It is our hope that this Frontiers Topic will increase the clinical and scientific communities’ awareness of this viable framework for deepening our knowledge of TBI and improving patient outcomes.

Electrochemical Methods for Neuroscience

Electrochemical Methods for Neuroscience Book
Author : Adrian C. Michael,Laura Borland
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-12-13
ISBN : 1420005863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the first implant of a carbon microelectrode in a rat 35 years ago, there have been substantial advances in the sensitivity, selectivity and temporal resolution of electrochemical techniques. Today, these methods provide neurochemical information that is not accessible by other means. The growing recognition of the versatility of electrochemical techniques indicates a need for a greater understanding of the scientific foundation and use of these powerful tools. Electrochemical Methods for Neuroscience provides an updated summary of the current, albeit evolving, state of the art and lays the scientific foundation for incorporating electrochemical techniques into on-going or newly emerging research programs in the neuroscience disciplines. With contributions from pioneers in the field, the text outlines the applications and benefits of a wide range of electrochemical techniques. It explores the methodology behind the acquisition of neurochemical and neurobiological data through continuous amperometry, fast scan cyclic voltammetry, high-speed chronoamperometry, ion-selective microelectrodes, enzyme based microelectrodes, and in vivo voltammetry with telemetry. The text also introduces emerging concepts in the field such as the correlation of electrochemical recordings with information obtained from patch clamp, electrophysiological, and behavioral techniques. By presenting up-to-date information on the growing collection of electrochemical methods, microsensors, and research techniques, Electrochemical Methods for Neuroscience assists seasoned researchers and newcomers to the field in making sound decisions about adopting the most appropriate of these tools for their future research objectives.

Biomedical Engineering and Neuroscience

Biomedical Engineering and Neuroscience Book
Author : Wojciech P. Hunek,Szczepan Paszkiel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-06
ISBN : 3319750259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition of the volume ‘Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing’ presents the proceedings of the 3rd International Scientific Conference BCI. The event was held at Opole University of Technology in Poland on 13 and 14 March 2018. Since 2014 the conference has taken place every two years at the University’s Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control and Informatics. The conference focused on the issues relating to new trends in modern brain–computer interfaces (BCI) and control engineering, including neurobiology–neurosurgery, cognitive science–bioethics, biophysics–biochemistry, modeling–neuroinformatics, BCI technology, biomedical engineering, control and robotics, computer engineering and neurorehabilitation–biofeedback.In addition to paper presentations, the scientific program also included a number of practical demonstrations covering, for example, the on-line control of mobile robot and unmanned aerial vehicle using the BCI technology.

Self Comes to Mind

Self Comes to Mind Book
Author : Antonio Damasio
Publisher : Random House
Release : 2011-08-31
ISBN : 1446493857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The trailblazing investigation of a question that has confounded us for centuries: how is consciousness created? In Self Comes to Mind, world-renowned neuroscientist Antonio Damasio goes against the long-standing idea that consciousness is separate from the body, presenting compelling new scientific evidence that consciousness - what we think of as a mind with a self - is in fact a biological process created by a living organism. His view entails a radical change in the way the history of the conscious mind is viewed and told, suggesting that the brain’s development of a human self is a challenge to nature’s indifference. Groundbreaking ideas and beautifully written, this is essential reading for anyone curious about the foundations of mind and self. ‘Will give pleasure to anyone interested in original thinking about the brain...Breathtakingly original’ Financial Times ‘Damasio introduces some novel ideas...intriguing’ New Scientist

Clinical Neuroscience E Book

Clinical Neuroscience E Book Book
Author : Paul Johns
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-04-17
ISBN : 1455742120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a clear and readable introduction to the central concepts of clinical neuroscience. The first part of the book deals with fundamental areas of neuroscience required for a sound understanding of brain disease. This is followed by an account of the neurobiology of the most common and important brain diseases of the western world (stroke, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis). The book is in the same general style as the successful Crossman: Neuronatomy with extensive colour illustrations. Short, affordable and readable introductory level text in the smae style as Crossman: Neuroanatomy. Assumes little previous neuroscience knowledge. Explains fundamental concepts without overwhelming detail Focuses on clinically relevant material. Includes the most common and important neurological disorders.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-04-16
ISBN : 0080914551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Neuroscience a Medical Student s Guide

Neuroscience  a Medical Student s Guide Book
Author : David W. Karam MDPhD
Publisher : Trafford Publishing
Release : 2012-10-31
ISBN : 1466965223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a concise guide into the everchanging and complex discipline of neuroscience for those students who are looking for clarity in a complex subject. The manner the information is presented to the reader is easy to comprehend and to apply those priciples to acadamic course work. The information provded is direct and to the point while continuing to provide the reader with the depth of understanding to successfully comprehend the basic principles of neuroscience.

Perception Action Cycle

Perception Action Cycle Book
Author : Vassilis Cutsuridis,Amir Hussain,John G. Taylor
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-02
ISBN : 9781441914521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The perception-action cycle is the circular flow of information that takes place between the organism and its environment in the course of a sensory-guided sequence of behaviour towards a goal. Each action causes changes in the environment that are analyzed bottom-up through the perceptual hierarchy and lead to the processing of further action, top-down through the executive hierarchy, toward motor effectors. These actions cause new changes that are analyzed and lead to new action, and so the cycle continues. The Perception-action cycle: Models, architectures and hardware book provides focused and easily accessible reviews of various aspects of the perception-action cycle. It is an unparalleled resource of information that will be an invaluable companion to anyone in constructing and developing models, algorithms and hardware implementations of autonomous machines empowered with cognitive capabilities. The book is divided into three main parts. In the first part, leading computational neuroscientists present brain-inspired models of perception, attention, cognitive control, decision making, conflict resolution and monitoring, knowledge representation and reasoning, learning and memory, planning and action, and consciousness grounded on experimental data. In the second part, architectures, algorithms, and systems with cognitive capabilities and minimal guidance from the brain, are discussed. These architectures, algorithms, and systems are inspired from the areas of cognitive science, computer vision, robotics, information theory, machine learning, computer agents and artificial intelligence. In the third part, the analysis, design and implementation of hardware systems with robust cognitive abilities from the areas of mechatronics, sensing technology, sensor fusion, smart sensor networks, control rules, controllability, stability, model/knowledge representation, and reasoning are discussed.

Developmental Neuroscience

Developmental Neuroscience Book
Author : Susan E. Fahrbach
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-08-11
ISBN : 1400848245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook offers a concise introduction to the exciting field of developmental neuroscience, a discipline concerned with the mechanisms by which complex nervous systems emerge during embryonic growth. Bridging the divide between basic and clinical research, it captures the extraordinary progress that has been achieved in the field. It provides an opportunity for students to apply and extend what they have learned in their introductory biology courses while also directing them to the primary literature. This accessible textbook is unique in that it takes an in-depth look at a small number of key model systems and signaling pathways. The book's chapters logically follow the sequence of human brain development and explain how information obtained from models such as Drosophila and zebrafish addresses topics relevant to this area. Beginning with a brief presentation of methods for studying neural development, the book provides an overview of human development, followed by an introduction to animal models. Subsequent chapters consider the molecular mechanisms of selected earlier and later events, neurogenesis, and formation of synapses. Glial cells and postembryonic maturation of the nervous system round out later chapters. The book concludes by discussing the brain basis of human intellectual disabilities viewed from a developmental perspective. Focusing on the mechanistic and functional, this textbook will be invaluable to biology majors, neuroscience students, and premedical and pre-health-professions students. An accessible introduction to nervous system development Suitable for one-semester developmental neuroscience course Thorough review of key model systems Selective coverage of topics allows professors to personalize courses Investigative reading exercises at the end of each chapter An online illustration package is available to professors

Educational Neuroscience

Educational Neuroscience Book
Author : Kathryn E. Patten,Stephen R. Campbell
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-07
ISBN : 144434580X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Educational Neuroscience provides an overview of the wide range of recent initiatives in educational neuroscience, examining a variety of methodological concerns, issues, and directions. Encourages interdisciplinary perspectives in educational neuroscience Contributions from leading researchers examine key issues relating to educational neuroscience and mind, brain, and education more generally Promotes a theoretical and empirical base for the subject area Explores a range of methods available to researchers Identifies agencies, organizations, and associations facilitating development in the field Reveals a variety of on-going efforts to establish theories, models, methods, ethics, and a common language