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The Bioarchaeology Of Metabolic Bone Disease

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The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease Book
Author : Megan Brickley,Rachel Ives
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080557915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease provides a comprehensive and invaluable source of information on this important group of diseases. It is an essential guide for those engaged in either basic recording or in-depth research on human remains from archaeological sites. The range of potential tools for investigating metabolic diseases of bone are far greater than for many other conditions, and building on clinical investigations, this book will consider gross, surface features visible using microscopic examination, histological and radiological features of bone, that can be used to help investigate metabolic bone diseases. Clear photographs and line drawings illustrate gross, histological and radiological features associated with each of the conditions Covers a range of issues pertinent to the study of metabolic bone disease in archaeological skeletal material, including the problems that frequent co-existence of these conditions in individuals living in the past raises, the preservation of human bone and the impact this has on the ability to suggest a diagnosis of a condition Includes a range of conditions that can lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis, including previous investigations of these conditions in archaeological bone

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease Book
Author : Megan B. Brickley,Rachel Ives,Simon Mays
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-30
ISBN : 0081022786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease, Second Edition is a comprehensive source dedicated to better understanding this group of conditions that have significant consequences for health in both past and present communities on a global scale. This edition presents an updated introduction to the biology and metabolism of mineralised tissues that are fundamental to understanding the expression of the metabolic bone diseases in skeletal remains. The extensive advances in understanding of these conditions in both bioarchaeological and biomedical work are brought together for the reader. Dedicated chapters focussing on each disease emphasise the integration of up-to-date clinical background with the biological basis of disease progression to give guidance on identification. New chapters covering anaemia and approaches to recognising the co-occurrence of pathological conditions have been included, reflecting recent advances in research. Boxes highlighting significant issues, use of information from sources such as texts and nonhuman primates, and theoretical approaches are included in the text. Each chapter closes with ‘Core Concepts’ that summarise key information. The final chapter reviews current challenges in bioarchaeology and provides directions for future research. This is a must-have resource for users at all career stages interested in integrating information on the metabolic bone diseases into bioarchaeological projects. Covers deficiencies of vitamin C and D, osteoporosis (age-related and secondary), Paget’s disease of bone, anaemia and approaches to disease co-occurrence Contains clear and user-friendly guidance for macroscopic, radiological and microscopic diagnoses Highlights current inquiries and debates in biological anthropology, bioarchaeology, palaeopathology, medical history and clinical/biomedical research Extensive figures, most new or updated, provide invaluable information on biological processes and lesion expression through diagrams and photographs

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence Book
Author : Lori A. Tremblay
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020
ISBN : 3030464407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a resource for bioarchaeologists interested in using a structural violence framework to better understand and contextualize the lived experiences of past populations. One of the most important elements of bioarchaeological research is the study of health disparities in past populations. This book offers an analysis of such work, but with the benefit of an overarching theoretical framework. It examines the theoretical framework used by scholars in cultural and medical anthropology to explore how social, political, and/or socioeconomic structures and institutions create inequalities resulting in health disparities for the most vulnerable or marginalized segments of contemporary populations. It then takes this framework and shows how it can allow researchers in bioarchaeology to interpret such socio-cultural factors through analyzing human skeletal remains of past populations. The book discusses the framework and its applications based on two main themes: the structural violence of gender inequality and the structural violence of social and socioeconomic inequalities.

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton Book
Author : M. Anne Katzenberg,Anne L. Grauer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-15
ISBN : 1119151635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Indispensable Resource on Advanced Methods of Analysis of Human Skeletal and Dental Remains in Archaeological and Forensic Contexts Now in its third edition, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton has become a key reference for bioarchaeologists, human osteologists, and paleopathologists throughout the world. It builds upon basic skills to provide the foundation for advanced scientific analyses of human skeletal remains in cultural, archaeological, and theoretical contexts. This new edition features updated coverage of topics including histomorphometry, dental morphology, stable isotope methods, and ancient DNA, as well as a number of new chapters on paleopathology. It also covers bioarchaeological ethics, taphonomy and the nature of archaeological assemblages, biomechanical analyses of archaeological human skeletons, and more. Fully updated and revised with new material written by leading researchers in the field Includes many case studies to demonstrate application of methods of analysis Offers valuable information on contexts, methods, applications, promises, and pitfalls Covering the latest advanced methods and techniques for analyzing skeletal and dental remains from archaeological discoveries, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton is a trusted text for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and professionals in human osteology, bioarchaeology, and paleopathology.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial Book
Author : Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-06-06
ISBN : 0191650382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Social Bioarchaeology

Social Bioarchaeology Book
Author : Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-21
ISBN : 9781444390520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Bone Health

Bone Health Book
Author : Justyna J. Miszkiewicz,Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen,Jose A. Riancho
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-29
ISBN : 981137256X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multidisciplinary book addresses three lines of evidence (medieval, contemporary, and epigenetic) regarding the effect of human socio-economic status on bone health. It provides an overview of the extent to which human social background affects adult bone quality and quantity, and makes recommendations for future skeletal biology research into lifestyle-related musculoskeletal disorders. The book is divided into three major parts, the first of which discusses bone and dental health in medieval human skeletal remains from distinct socio-economic status groups. In turn, Part 2 reviews bone health in contemporary human populations with a range of social backgrounds; in addition, a conceptual model proposing a social gradient of osteoporosis and fracture risk related to biological mechanisms and cumulative stressors throughout the human lifecycle is presented. Lastly, Part 3 highlights the role of epigenetics in socially patterned risk factors for skeletal disorders, and discusses how epigenetic mechanisms transduce the psychosocial environment and increase the risk of developing conditions such as osteoporosis. Overall, the book highlights the importance of considering the social-biological nexus in future skeletal biology research and future treatment of bone disease. Increased awareness of this nexus can potentially improve individual and population-level bone health interventions, reducing the social inequities observed in fracture risk. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers, academics, and students in the fields of medicine, epidemiology, the health sciences, biological anthropology, human anatomy and adaptation, developmental studies of human societies, human biology, and any field concerning musculoskeletal disorders and health. It will also benefit clinical practitioners evaluating osteoporosis, osteopenia, fracture risk, bone quality and quantity.

The Archaeology of Human Bones

The Archaeology of Human Bones Book
Author : Simon Mays
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-12
ISBN : 9781138045606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Archaeology of Human Bones provides an up to date account of the analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites, introducing students to the anatomy of bones and teeth and the nature of the burial record. Drawing from studies around the world, this book illustrates how the scientific study of human remains can provide answers to important archaeological and historical questions. This new edition reflects the latest developments in scientific techniques and their application to burial archaeology. Current scientific methods are explained, alongside a critical consideration of their strengths and weaknesses. The book has also been thoroughly revised to reflect changes in the ways in which scientific studies of human remains have influenced our understanding of the past, and has been updated to reflect developments in ethical debates that surround the treatment of human remains. There is now a separate chapter devoted to archaeological fieldwork on burial grounds, and the chapters on DNA and ethics have been completely rewritten. This edition of The Archaeology of Human Bones provides not only a more up to date but also a more comprehensive overview of this crucial area of archaeology. Written in a clear style with technical jargon kept to a minimum, it continues to be a key work for archaeology students.

Sex and Gender in Paleopathological Perspective

Sex and Gender in Paleopathological Perspective Book
Author : Anne L. Grauer,Patricia Stuart-Macadam
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1998-12-10
ISBN : 9780521620901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores ramifications of sex and gender on ancient and modern human diseases.

A Companion to Paleopathology

A Companion to Paleopathology Book
Author : Anne L. Grauer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-01-19
ISBN : 1119111633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title offers a broad overview of the field that has evolved over the last few decades into an exploration of disease processes in the human skeleton.

Advances in Human Palaeopathology

Advances in Human Palaeopathology Book
Author : Ron Pinhasi,Simon Mays
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-28
ISBN : 047072417X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a truly integrated methodological and biocultural approach to the expanding discipline of human palaeopathology. The book provides researchers and practitioners with a comprehensive guide to the main methods and techniques that are currently available for studying diseases and related conditions from human skeletal remains. It also describes the ways in which these methods can be applied to the reconstruction of health and disease in the past. The first part of the book deals with the survival of palaeopathological evidence and provides an up-to-date account of some of the latest techniques for studying disease in ancient remains. These include imaging techniques, such as radiography and CT scanning, and biochemical and histological analyses. Part two discusses the diagnosis and interpretation of particular classes of disease. The emphasis here is on what can be learnt by taking a biocultural or holistic approach to the study of disease frequencies at a population level. Combines theoretical, methodological and diagnostic aspects with key biocultural approaches. Includes overviews of the latest applicable techniques from molecular biology, biochemistry, histopathology and medical imaging. Written by an international team of experts. This book is an invaluable resource for biological anthropologists and archaeologists who study health and disease in past populations. It is also of interest to medical researchers dealing with epidemiological, diagnostic and pathophysiological aspects of diseases, who need a perspective upon the ways in which particular diseases affected earlier generations. Praise from the reviews: “... This book offers an impressive amount of information for both students and more advanced researchers. Its value lies in the vast expertise the contributors have to offer, with all of them being experts with long-standing careers in their respective fields, as well as the geographical distribution of examples that are given to illustrate specific diseases... outstanding and it truly is an important resource for anyone interested in palaeopathology.” PALEOPATHOLOGY NEWSLETTER “The strengths of the book are numerous, but I am especially impressed with the clarity of presentation... I strongly recommend the book, and plan on using it in my classes as assigned reading to emphasize the very complex nature of diagnosis and its essential role of providing baseline information for interpreting health profiles of ancient populations.” THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY “It may be asked if we really need yet another book on paleopathology, especially because there are many acclaimed sources available. In this case, the answer must be a resounding ‘‘Yes!’’...Visually and textually, this volume is of exceptional value for guiding future generations of paleopathologists.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY "Pinhasi and Mays have produced an excellent, balanced compilation that reflects what is currently happening in paleopathology research and that nicely addresses paleopathology as both discipline and tool, highlighting technical advanced and schooling us on how disease manifests in the human skeleton. This is valuable resource that students and professionals interested in human paloepathology should consider adding to their libraries." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book
Author : Jane E. Buikstra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-29
ISBN : 0128099011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, Third Edition, provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of the pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. As ancient skeletal remains can reveal a treasure trove of information to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist, this book presents a timely resource. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, it provides an essential text and material on bone pathology, thus helping improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. Presents a comprehensive review of the skeletal diseases encountered in archaeological human remains Includes more than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases, including both microscopic and gross features Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries Reviews important theoretical issues on how to interpret evidence of skeletal disease in archaeological human populations

Diet Nutrition and Foodways on the North Coast of Peru

Diet  Nutrition  and Foodways on the North Coast of Peru Book
Author : Bethany L. Turner,Haagen D. Klaus
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 3030426149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book synthesizes in-depth bioarchaeological research into diet, subsistence regimes, and nutrition—and corresponding insights into adaptation, suffering, and resilience—among indigenous north-coastal Peruvian communities from early agricultural through European colonial periods. The Spanish invasion and colonization of Andean South America left millions dead, landscapes transformed, and traditional ways of life annihilated. However, the nature and magnitude of these changes were far from uniform. By the time the Spanish arrived, over four millennia of complex societies had emerged and fallen, and in the 16th century, the region was home to the largest and most expansive indigenous empire in the western hemisphere. Decades of Andean archaeological and ethnohistorical research have explored the incredible sophistication of regional agropastoral traditions, the importance of food and feasting as mechanisms of control, and the significance of maritime economies in the consolidation of complex polities. Bioarchaeology is particularly useful in studying these processes. Beyond identifying what resources were available and how they were prepared, bioarchaeological methods provide unique opportunities and humanized perspectives to reconstruct what individuals actually ate, and whether their diets changed within their own lifespans.

Bones of Complexity

Bones of Complexity Book
Author : Haagen D. Klaus,Amanda R. Harvey,Mark N. Cohen
Publisher : Bioarchaeological Interpretati
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9780813062235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume examines the various interrelationships between social structures, skeletal biology, and health outcomes in antiquity. Bringing together studies by physical anthropologists, archaeologists, and economists, the volume attempts to gain a better understanding of the potential effects of social complexity on human biology from ancient Egypt to South America.

Sexual Revolutions

Sexual Revolutions Book
Author : Jane Peterson
Publisher : Rowman Altamira
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780759102576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Description, based upon research evidence from the Near East and elsewhere, of the change in the gendered division of labor during the Neolithic agricultural revolution.

Fifty eighth annual report of the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission for the year ending 30 September 2011

Fifty eighth annual report of the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission for the year ending 30 September 2011 Book
Author : Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release : 2012-03-23
ISBN : 9780108511455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Marshall Aid Commemoration Act 1953 was passed by the British Parliament in order to express enduring gratitude to the American people for the Marshall Plan. This Act established a series of scholarships for young Americans to study for a degree at a British University, funded by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office and administered in Britain by the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission. This is the 58th annual report of the Commission which details the activities of the scholarship scheme for the year ending September 2011