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Variability of Air Temperature and Atmospheric Precipitation in the Arctic

Variability of Air Temperature and Atmospheric Precipitation in the Arctic Book
Author : Rajmund Przybylak
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-10-31
ISBN : 1402009526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has been known at least since the end of the century that the polar areas play a very important role in the formation of the Earth’s climates. It is also known today that they are the most sensitive regions to climatic change, and are thus perfect case studies for the detection of such changes. The most serious obstacle to the study of climatic and other geographical elements of the polar areas (including the Arctic) has always been the severe climatic conditions which prevail in these regions. Because of these extreme con- tions, research into particular elements of the climatic system (including the atmosphere) began here much later than it did in lower latitudes. For instance, the whole area of the Arctic was not sufficiently covered with a network of meteorological stations until the late 1940s (and even then there were large areas of the central Arctic and the Greenland interior for which no data were available). This is probably why it was not until the start of the 1990s that a body of work began to appear which analysed in any depth climatic variability for the Arctic as a whole. While a considerable number of papers had been p- lished before this period, most of them were local studies presenting highly localised information, providing air temperature measurements but often little else.

Whither the Arctic Ocean

Whither the Arctic Ocean  Book
Author : Guillermo Auad,Marcel Babin,David A. Balton,Eddy C. Carmack,Robert W. Corell,Dorthe Dahl-Jensen,Andrey V. Dolgov,Edel O. Elvevoll,Elizaveta Ershova,Brian D. Fath,Andrea M. Fisher,Matthias Forwick,Sam Herreid,Alf Håkon Hoel,Grete K. Hovelsrud,Henry P. Huntington,Anne Husebekk,Brendan P. Kelly,Malinda Labriola,Rolf Mjelde,Lars-Otto Reiersen,Kenneth Ruud,Gunnar Sand,Asgeir J. Sørensen,Shirley Tagalik,Andrea Tilche,Frances Ulmer,Francis K. Wiese,Eduard Zdor
Publisher : Fundacion BBVA
Release : 2021-05-01
ISBN : 8492937823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change in the Arctic Ocean has stirred a remarkable surge of interest and concern. Study after study has revealed the astonishing speed of physical, chemical, ecological, and economic change throughout the expanse of the Arctic. What is more, the consequences of the changing Arctic are not restricted to the Arctic itself, but affect everyone in the Northern Hemisphere, ranging as they do from extreme weather to resource availability and food security, with implications for politics, economics, and sociology. The challenge is to comprehend the full extent and variety of these consequences, and meeting this challenge will demand a multi- and transdisciplinary understanding. Only by this means can we hope to map out a knowledge-based ecosystem and move toward knowledge-based resource management—the essential precondition for any sustainable future. In this book, leading international experts, from many felds of science and across the entire pan-Arctic region, give their specifc takes on where the Arctic Ocean is heading. All have taken care in their writing not to exclude non-experts, in the conviction that multi- and transdisciplinarity can only be achieved when communication and outreach are not tribal in nature. The recurrent guiding theme throughout these pages is “Whith -er the Arctic Ocean?” Taken in concert, the essays synthesize the current state of scientifc knowledge to project how climate change may impact on the Arctic Ocean and the continents around it. How can and how should we prepare for the imminent future that is already lapping at the threshold of the commons? What readers will hopefully take from this multi- and transdisciplinary endeavor is not the individual perspective of each contribution, but the picture that emerges across the entire suite of essays. As we move into a near future that will encompass both the probable and surprises, this book attempts to conjure the multi-dimensional space in which a sustainable future must be brought into being.

Global Challenges in the Arctic Region

Global Challenges in the Arctic Region Book
Author : Elena Conde,Sara Iglesias Sánchez
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 1317128044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together interconnected discussions to make explicit the complexity of the Arctic region, this book offers a legal discussion of the ongoing territorial disputes and challenges in order to frame their impact into the viability of different governance strategies that are available at the national, regional and international level. One of the intrinsic features of the region is the difficulty in the determination of boundaries, responsibilities and interests. Against this background, sovereignty issues are intertwined with environmental and geopolitical issues that ultimately affect global strategic balances and international trade and, at the same time, influence national approaches to basic rights and organizational schemes regarding the protection of indigenous peoples and inhabitants of the region. This perspective lays the ground for further discussion, revolving around the main clusters of governance (focusing on the Arctic Council and the European Union, with the particular roles and interest of Arctic and non-Arctic states, and the impact on indigenous populations), environment (including the relevance of national regulatory schemes, and the intertwinement with concerns related to energy, or migration), strategy (concentrating in geopolitical realities and challenges analysed from different perspectives and focusing on different actors, and covering security and climate change related challenges). This collection provides an avenue for parallel and converging research of complex realities from different disciplines, through the expertise of scholars from different latitudes.

Proposed Gates of the Arctic National Park Alaska

Proposed Gates of the Arctic National Park  Alaska Book
Author : United States. Department of the Interior. Alaska Planning Group
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A detailed assessment of environmental impacts associated with the establishment of the proposed park and the management of the land. Includes an inventory of the resources of the area.

The Arctic Crusoe

The Arctic Crusoe Book
Author : Percy Bolingbroke St. John
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1863
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Arctic Crusoe book written by Percy Bolingbroke St. John, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Tourism and Indigeneity in the Arctic

Tourism and Indigeneity in the Arctic Book
Author : Arvid Viken,Dieter K. Müller
Publisher : Channel View Publications
Release : 2017-05-03
ISBN : 1845416112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book to exclusively address tourism and indigenous peoples in the circumpolar North. It examines how tourism in indigenous communities is influenced by academic and political discourses, and how these communities are influenced by tourism. The volume focuses on the ambivalence relating to tourism as a modern force within ethnic groups who are concerned with maintaining indigenous roots and traditional practices. It seeks to challenge stereotypical understandings of indigenousness and indigeneity and considers conflicting imaginaries of the Arctic and Arctic indigenous tourism. The book contains case studies from Canada, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia and will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers of tourism, geography, sociology, cultural studies and anthropology.

The Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory s Thyroid Function Study

The Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory s Thyroid Function Study Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Board on Radiation Effects Research,Polar Research Board,Commission on Life Sciences,Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources,Committee on Evaluation of 1950s Air Force Human Health Testing in Alaska Using Radioactive Iodine-131
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-02-26
ISBN : 0309054281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the 1950s, with the Cold War looming, military planners sought to know more about how to keep fighting forces fit and capable in the harsh Alaskan environment. In 1956 and 1957, the U.S. Air Force's former Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory conducted a study of the role of the thyroid in human acclimatization to cold. To measure thyroid function under various conditions, the researchers administered a radioactive medical trace, Iodine-131, to Alaska Natives and white military personnel; based on the study results, the researchers determined that the thyroid did not play a significant role in human acclimatization to cold. When this study of thyroid function was revisited at a 1993 conference on the Cold War legacy in the Arctic, serious questions were raised about the appropriateness of the activity-whether it posed risks to the people involved and whether the research had been conducted within the bounds of accepted guidelines for research using human participants. In particular, there was concern over the relatively large proportion of Alaska Natives used as subjects and whether they understood the nature of the study. This book evaluates the research in detail, looking at both the possible health effects of Iodine-131 administration in humans and the ethics of human subjects research. This book presents conclusions and recommendations and is a significant addition to the nation's current reevaluation of human radiation experiments conducted during the Cold War.

Voices from the Arctic Convoys

Voices from the Arctic Convoys Book
Author : Peter C. Brown
Publisher : Fonthill Media
Release : 2017-01-24
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the invasion of Russia by Germany in 1941, Britain gained a new ally and a responsibility to provide material for the new front. More than four million tonnes of supplies such as tanks, fighters, bombers, ammunition, raw materials and food were transported to Russia during a four-year period. The cost was high and by May 1945, the campaign had seen the loss of 104 merchant ships and sixteen military vessels, and the thousands of seamen they carried. The Arctic route was the most arduous of all convoy routes. The ever-present threat of attack from German U-boats and Luftwaffe bombers such as the dreaded Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor were not all the Arctic convoys had to contend with. They had to deal with severe cold, storms, fog, ice floes and waves so huge they tore at the ships armour plating. It is to the memory of these brave men that this book is dedicated and the stories of the immeasurable contribution they made to the Allied efforts during the Second World War have been collected for this book by their veteran comrades.

The Arctic

The Arctic Book
Author : Thomas R. Berger,True North Strong and Free Inquiry Society
Publisher : West Vancouver, B.C. ; Seattle, U.S.A. : Gordon Soules Book Publishers
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expands on themes and issues raised in the 1986 Proceedings of a Public Inquiry into Canadian Defence Policy and Nuclear Arms. Speakers from five circumpolar countries discuss about the needs and aspirations of the native peoples of the arctic, Canadian arctic sovereignty, arctic resource development and environmental conservation, political tension and cooperation, as well as world peace and security.

Thirty Years in the Arctic Regions

Thirty Years in the Arctic Regions Book
Author : John Franklin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1859
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thirty Years in the Arctic Regions book written by John Franklin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Adrift in the Arctic Ice Pack From the History of the First U S Grinnell Expedition in Search of Sir John Franklin

Adrift in the Arctic Ice Pack   From the History of the First U S  Grinnell Expedition in Search of Sir John Franklin Book
Author : Elisha Kent Kane
Publisher : Read Books Ltd
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 1528792580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1845, British Royal Navy officer and Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin (1786–1847) embarked on his third and final expedition into the Canadian Arctic to force the Northwest Passage. After two years with no word, a £20,000 reward was offered to anyone who could find the expedition, leading to many rescue attempts. Two such attempts were undertaken by Elisha Kent Kane (1820–1857), American explorer and United States Navy medical officer. Despite contracting scurvy and suffering greatly during his 1853 attempt, he continued on and went further north than any other explorer had managed. Kane was eventually forced to relinquish the icebound brig “Advance” on May 20, 1855 and spent the next 83 days marching to Upernavik carrying the invalids—losing but one man on the perilous journey. “Adrift in the Arctic Ice Pack” contains Kane's personal account of his courageous but ill-fated rescue mission, detailing the perilous conditions they had to endure and how they were able to survive against all odds in the Arctic wasteland. Highly recommended for those with an interest in Arctic exploration and history in general. Read & Co. History is republishing this classic memoir now in a brand new edition complete with an introductory biography by John Knox Laughton.

The Arctic

The Arctic Book
Author : Alan Baker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780872265400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A simple introduction to the variety of animals living in the Arctic, including the lemming, grey wolf, and reindeer.

The Arctic Circular

The Arctic Circular Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Arctic Circular book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Arctic Summer College Yearbook

Arctic Summer College Yearbook Book
Author : Brendan O'Donnell,Max Gruenig,Arne Riedel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 331966459X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights both the diversity of perspectives and approaches to Arctic research and the inherent interdisciplinary nature of studying and understanding this incomparable region. The chapters are divided into four liberally-defined sections to provide space for dynamic interpretation and dialogue in search of sustainable solutions to the issues facing the Arctic. From governance to technology, scientific research to social systems, human health to economic development, the authors discuss fundamental questions while looking toward the Arctic’s future. Whether the reader is well-versed in the history and complexity of Arctic policy or looking for an insightful introduction to the vast world of Arctic research, everyone will find answers that lead to new questions and even more discoveries in these pages, laying the foundation for tomorrow’s discussion on the future of the Arctic. The Arctic’s unique geographic and political characteristics pose questions for the international community, indigenous peoples, and economic interests not easily answered through traditional concepts. To that end, the Arctic Summer College has been engaging leading professionals, students, scholars, and policy makers from across the globe to exchange ideas and support further investigation into the Arctic. A joint venture between Ecologic Institute US and Ecologic Institute Berlin (Germany), the College participates at the annual Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik, Iceland, and continues to be at the forefront of international collaboration in this critical area of economic, political, environmental, and humanitarian development.

Problems of the Arctic and Antarctic

Problems of the Arctic and Antarctic Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Problems of the Arctic and Antarctic book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forty Thousand Against the Arctic

Forty Thousand Against the Arctic Book
Author : Harry Peter Smolka
Publisher : London : Hutchinson & Company
Release : 1938
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Journalist's account of a trip in 1935 to report on Soviet efforts in developing arctic region.

Environmental Research in the Arctic 2000

Environmental Research in the Arctic 2000 Book
Author : Okitsugu Watanabe,Takashi Yamanouchi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Research in the Arctic 2000 book written by Okitsugu Watanabe,Takashi Yamanouchi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Arctic Research of the United States

Arctic Research of the United States Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Arctic Research of the United States book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.