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Polluting Textiles

Polluting Textiles Book
Author : Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher : Routledge Explorations in Environmental Studies
Release : 2022-05-19
ISBN : 9780367760786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the critical issue of environmental pollutants produced by the textiles industry. Compromised of contributions from environmental scientists and materials and textiles scientists, this edited volume addresses the environmental impact of microplastics, with a particular focus on microfibres released by textiles into marine and water environments. The chapters in Part I offer environmental perspectives focusing on the measurement of microplastics in the environment, their ingestion by small plankton and larger filter feeders, the effects of consuming microplastics, and the role of microplastics as a vector for transferring toxic contaminants in food webs. Written by environmental and material scientists, the chapters in Part II present potential solutions to the problem of microplastics released from textiles, discussing parameters of influence, water treatment, degradation in marine environment, textile end-of-life management, textile manufacturing and laundry, possible policy measures. This is a much needed volume which brings together in one place environmental research with technical solutions in order to provide a cohesive and practical approach to mitigating and preventing environmental pollution from the textiles industry going forward. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental conservation and management, environmental pollution and environmental chemistry and toxicology, sustainability, as well as students and scholars of material and textiles science, textile engineering and sustainable manufacturing.

Recycling in Textiles

Recycling in Textiles Book
Author : Youjiang Wang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2006-03-20
ISBN : 1845691423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An increasing amount of waste is generated each year from textiles and their production. For economic and environmental reasons it is necessary that as much of this waste as possible is recycled instead of being disposed of in landfill sites. In reality the rate of textile recycling is still relatively low. On average, approximately ten million tonnes of textile waste is currently dumped in Europe and America each year. Considering the diversity of fibrous waste and structures, many technologies must work in concert in an integrated industry in order to increase the rate of recycling. Recycling in textiles shows how this can be achieved. The first part of the book introduces the subject by looking at the general issues involved and the technologies concerned. Part Two explores the chemical aspects of textile recycling. Part Three focuses on recycled textile products, including nonwovens and alternative fibres. Finally, the last part of the book discusses possible applications of recycled textiles, including using recycled products in the operating theatre, for soil stabilisation and in concrete reinforcement. Recycling in textiles presents several promising technologies and ideas for recycling systems. This is the first book of its kind to bring together textile recycling issues, technology, products, processes and applications. It will prove an invaluable guide to all those in the industry who are now looking for ways to recycle their textile waste. Provides extensive coverage of this hot topic An invaluable guide for all in the textile industry Learn how to increase the rate of recycling

Textiles for Protection

Textiles for Protection Book
Author : Richard A. Scott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-10-30
ISBN : 1845690974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In today’s climate there is an increasing requirement for protective textiles, whether for personal protection, protection against the elements, chemical, nuclear or ballistic attack. This comprehensive book brings together the leading protective textiles experts from around the world. It covers a wide variety of themes from materials and design, through protection against specific hazards, to specific applications. This is the first book of its kind to give a complete coverage of textiles for protection. Covers a wide variety of themes from materials and design, through protection against specific hazards, to specific applications The first book of its kind to give a complete coverage of textiles for protection Written by leading protective textiles experts from around the world

Woven Textiles

Woven Textiles Book
Author : Kim Gandhi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 0081024983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Woven Textiles: Principles, Technologies and Applications, Second Edition, is an essential guide to woven textiles. This new edition is updated and expanded to include major new application areas, as well as the latest developments and innovations in terms of fibers, yarns, fabrics, machinery and technology. Sections cover fibers and yarns used for weaving, key preparatory techniques, the fundamentals of weaving technology, the characteristics of woven structures, the use of computer assisted design (CAD) systems, techniques for modelling the structure of woven fabrics, methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures, and the application of woven textiles in a range of technologies. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, this second edition will be an indispensable guide for all designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles, as well as for academics and researchers in the field of textiles. Provides extensive coverage of woven textiles, including their preparation, manufacture, woven structures and characteristics Presents the latest technical applications of woven textiles, such as transportation, geotextiles, medical applications, sports and leisure, filtration, and composite structures Enables the reader to understand the latest technological advances in the area of woven textiles

Cut Protective Textiles

Cut Protective Textiles Book
Author : Daniel Li
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-23
ISBN : 0128203919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cut Protective Textiles is a comprehensive guide to the background theory, industrial testing methods, regulations, applications and material characteristics important to those working with cut protective textiles. This book will help readers understand the pitfalls of assessing cut performance and how to translate that understanding into innovative concepts for their research or product development. Detailed coverage of the properties of cut resistant textiles includes information on fibers, yarns and fabrics, providing a valuable resource for a wide range of researchers and practitioners. The book's comparisons will help clear up confusion caused by different testing methods. Finally, the inclusion of methodologies for the creation of cut protective articles will help readers make full use of this book in a practical setting. Explains global testing standards in detail, also comparing their various strengths and weaknesses Provides cut resistance performance information for different materials Introduces the characteristics of the appropriate materials with supporting theory Draws on industry best practice to create a detailed guide to making cut resistant products

Textiles Technology

Textiles Technology Book
Author : Barbara Lawler,Helen Wilson
Publisher : Heinemann
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780435417864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers information required for students taking the Design and technology : textiles technology GCSE examination. Follows the Edexcel examination specifications.

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles Book
Author : Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-06-11
ISBN : 0128226765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles explores the latest research in the use of textile materials for protective clothing. The book’s international roster of researchers in industry and academia describe innovative applications in defense, medical, sports, fire protection, radiation protection, and more. This book is an invaluable resource for readers seeking to produce textiles with self-cleaning, antimicrobial, super-hydrophobic, UV-protective, insect repellant, flame retardant or anti-felting properties. Particular attention is given to textile fibers, including cotton, wool, viscose, and other synthetic fibers whose properties solve many problems. Sustainable approaches to the processing of textiles for protective properties are also addressed, as are hazards. Introduces the advanced testing and modeling methods that are necessary for the production of protective textiles Describes the properties of the latest advanced chemicals and materials used to make protective textiles and clothing Covers every step in the development of protective clothing, from the engineering of novel materials, to advanced fabrication methodologies and applications

Odour in Textiles

Odour in Textiles Book
Author : G. Thilagavathi,R. Rathinamoorthy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-03-18
ISBN : 1000548937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Odour in Textiles: Generation and Control presents the essential science and mechanisms behind the formation of odours in textiles. It discusses consumer perception of odour in clothing, the mechanism of odour formation in the skin, and the role of textile fibres and structures in odour formation. It also discusses odour controls and testing methods available for measurement of odours in textiles. Features: • Fills a gap in the literature as the first book to focus on textile and odour interaction • Discusses microbiological aspects of odour formation in simple terms • Details the role of textile fibres and structures on odour formation • Describes various testing methods, standards, and regulatory norms for odour analysis This book will appeal to a broad audience, including industry professionals in the textiles industry, hygiene and health care, the chemical and finishing industry, and odour measurement and testing. It will also interest advanced students and research scholars studying textile engineering, clothing science, and fashion design.

Sustainable Fibres and Textiles

Sustainable Fibres and Textiles Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-29
ISBN : 0081020422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Fibres and Textiles provides a whole-lifecycle approach to the subject of sustainable textiles, from fiber production, through manufacturing and low-energy care and recycling. The scientific, industrial, regulatory and social aspects of this lifecycle are explored by an expert author team who bring global perspectives to this important subject. The first part of the book provides detailed coverage of the sustainable production of textiles, with chapters devoted to each of the main fiber types, including new biosynthetic fibers, such as textiles produced from Polylactic Acid (PLA). The second part examines sustainable production methods, focusing on low carbon production technologies and sustainable, low-pollution methods of processing and dyeing fabrics. The final sections explore the benefits of textiles designed to enable low-energy fabric care via both finishes used to treat the fabric and better care labelling. Re-use and recycling options are also covered, as are ethical aspects, such as fair trade fabrics. Presents an integrated understanding of sustainability through the whole supply-chain – from agriculture, through manufacturing and fabric care, to recycling Teachers users how to make optimal choices of fiber and manufacturing technologies to achieve the sustainable production of high-quality apparel and other textile products Provides a wider understanding of emerging regulatory frameworks that will shape the future of sustainable textiles

Electronic Textiles

Electronic Textiles Book
Author : Tilak Dias
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-04-28
ISBN : 0081002238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The integration of electronics into textiles and clothing has opened up an array of functions beyond those of conventional textiles. These novel materials are beginning to find applications in commercial products, in fields such as communication, healthcare, protection and wearable technology. Electronic Textiles: Smart Fabrics and Wearable Technology opens with an initiation to the area from the editor, Tilak Dias. Part One introduces conductive fibres, carbon nano-tubes and polymer yarns. Part Two discusses techniques for integrating textiles and electronics, including the design of textile-based sensors and actuators, and energy harvesting methods. Finally, Part Three covers a range of electronic textile applications, from wearable electronics to technical textiles featuring expert chapters on embroidered antennas for communication systems and wearable sensors for athletes. Comprehensive overview of conductive fibres, yarns and fabrics for electronic textiles Expert analysis of textile-based sensors design, integration of micro-electronics with yarns and photovoltaic energy harvesting for intelligent textiles Detailed coverage of applications in electronic textiles, including werable sensors for athletes, embroidered antennas for communication and electronic textiles for military personnel

Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control

Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control Book
Author : B J McCarthy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-26
ISBN : 0857093703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding and improving hygiene and healthcare products is essential for improving infection prevention. Continuing Woodhead Publishing’s series of specialised medical textile books, Textiles for hygiene and infection control provides readers with the latest developments in healthcare materials for hygiene and infection applications. Part one offers an insight into design and production techniques for hygiene textiles. Chapters discuss nanotechnology and it’s applications in hygiene textiles, knitted spacer fabrics, innovative and sustainable packaging and biodegradable hygiene products. Part two explores design and production techniques for infection control textiles. Chapters examine micro-organisms, infection and the role of textiles, the creation of barrier textiles through plasma processing and methods for ensuring fabrics survive sterilisation. Part three concludes by investigating the variety of available hygiene and infection control products. Chapters consider washable textile-based absorbent products for incontinence, coated textiles for skin infections and antimicrobial treatments of textiles for hygiene and infection control applications from an industrial perspective. Textiles for hygiene and infection control is an essential reference for manufacturers, designers, engineers and producers of hygiene and infection control products. It is also a useful tool for medical scientists, surgeons and nurses. Offers insight into design and production techniques for hygiene textiles Chapters discuss a range of applications, such as the use of textiles for incontinence An essential reference for manufacturers, designers, engineers and producers of hygiene and infection control products

Auxetic Textiles

Auxetic Textiles Book
Author : Hong Hu,Minglonghai Zhang,Yanping Liu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 0081022123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Auxetic Textiles provides a detailed introduction to the basic properties of auxetic materials and how they differ from conventional materials, particularly auxetic textiles, such as polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and textile composites. The book discusses the beneficial properties of auxetic structures in textiles and how to translate those benefits into actual materials development. Sections cover the deformation mechanism of textile structures to achieve auxetic behavior and the modelling and simulation of auxetic textile structures. Finally, the book provides expert insights into potential application areas. Cutting across textiles disciplines, from technical textiles and advanced composites, to fashion and design, the book is a valuable introduction to the field for newcomers, with potent insights into the potential of these materials. Introduces the concept of auxetic materials and their differences from conventional materials Provides a practical guide to the mechanics of achieving auxetic properties in textile materials, including polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and composites Reviews and links up research and development in auxetic materials with the textile industry, helping enable the development of a range of new applications

Engineering of High Performance Textiles

Engineering of High Performance Textiles Book
Author : Menghe Miao,John H Xin
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-09-07
ISBN : 0081018851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering of High-Performance Textiles discusses the fiber-to-fabric engineering of various textile products. Each chapter focuses on practical guidelines and approaches for common issues in textile research and development. The book discusses high-performance fibers and yarns before presenting the engineering fabrics and architectures needed for particular properties required of high-performance textiles. Properties covered include moisture absorption, pilling resistant knitwear, fire retardant fabrics, camouflage fabrics, insect repellent fabrics, filtration, and many more. Coordinated by two highly distinguished editors, this book is a practical resource for all those engaged in textile research, development and production, for both traditional and new-generation textile products, and for academics involved in research into textile science and technology. Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance textiles from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research, textile development and manufacture Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through product development, to the range of current and potential applications that exploit high-performance textile technology Led by two high-profile editors with many years’ experience in engineering high-performance textiles

A History Of Textiles

A History Of Textiles Book
Author : Kax Wilson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-12-13
ISBN : 0429716192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1979, this volume acts as a reference for the history textiles. It asks questions on the effect of technology on textiles, how did particular historical periods and locations expand or limit the possibilities for the manufacture of fabrics and how the textile history related to politics and economics, sociology and psychology, art and engineering, anthropology and archaeology, chemistry and physics. Addressing these questions, the author surveys the development of the technical components of fabrics and discusses the textiles of selected places and times. She uses prose, drawings and more than 130 photographs to show how each era of textile production reflects its age. This book is designed to serve as a college text and as a reference work for museum researchers. With sections including illustrations and diagrams; key terminology; spinning wool; spinning and raw materials; single ply and cord and fabric construction.

Acoustic Textiles

Acoustic Textiles Book
Author : Rajiv Padhye,Rajkishore Nayak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-26
ISBN : 9811014760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the manufacturing and applications of acoustic textiles in various industries. It also includes examples from different industries in which acoustic textiles can be used to absorb noise and help reduce the impact of noise at the workplace. Given the importance of noise reduction in the working environment in several industries, the book offers a valuable guide for companies, educators and researchers involved with acoustic materials.

Functional Finishes for Textiles

Functional Finishes for Textiles Book
Author : Roshan Paul
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-20
ISBN : 0857098454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional finishes for textiles reviews the most important fabric finishes in the textile industry. It discusses finishes designed to improve the comfort and other properties of fabrics, as well as finishes which protect the fabric or the wearer. Each chapter reviews the role of a finish, the mechanisms and chemistry behind the finish, types of finish and their methods of application, application to particular textiles, testing and future trends. Describes finishes to improve comfort, performance, and protection of fabric or the wearer Examines the mechanisms and chemistry behind different types of finishes and their methods of application, testing and future trends Considers environmental issues concerning functional finishes

Novel Smart Textiles

Novel Smart Textiles Book
Author : George K. Stylios
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-04-21
ISBN : 303928570X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sensing, adapting, responding, multifunctionality, low energy, small size and weight, ease of forming, and low-cost attributes of smart textiles and their multidisciplinary scope offer numerous end uses in medical, sports and fitness, military, fashion, automotive, aerospace, the built environment, and energy industries. The research and development on these new and high-value materials cross scientific boundaries, redefine material science design and engineering, and enhance quality of life and our environment. “Novel Smart Textiles” is a focused Special Issue that reports the latest research of this field and facilitates dissemination, networking, discussion, and debate.

The Book of Boro

The Book of Boro Book
Author : Susan Briscoe
Publisher : David and Charles
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 1446379841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A collection of boro-inspired projects and techniques which celebrates this traditional Japanese textile and its relevance to the modern sewer and quilter. Learn about the history of boro and how it is being revived for a new audience using contemporary fabrics including denim, linen and shibori tie dye as well as sashiko and other embroidery stitches. The word boro comes from the Japanese boroboro meaning something tattered or repaired. It refers to textiles that have been mended or patched together for utilitarian, not decorative, purposes to make the fabric stronger and warmer, and to mend torn and threadbare areas. The techniques section includes a short stitch directory with traditional stitches (running stitch and applique) and contemporary stitches (herringbone stitch, blanket stitch, chain stitch and whipped running stitch). Other techniques include instructions on improvisational patchwork; applique: raw, turned edge and reverse; darning techniques and methods for distressing and ageing fabrics to achieve an authentic boro finish.

Natural Dyes for Textiles

Natural Dyes for Textiles Book
Author : Padma Shree Vankar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 0081018843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural Dyes for Textiles: Sources, Chemistry and Applications is an in-depth guide to natural dyes, offering complete and practical coverage of the whole dyeing process from source selection to post-treatments. The book identifies plants with high dye content that are viable for commercial use, and provides valuable quantitative information regarding extraction and fastness properties, to aid dye selection. The book presents newer natural dyes in detail, according to their suitability for cotton fabrics, silk fabrics, and wool yarn, before describing the application of each dye. Extraction of plant parts for isolation of colorants, chromatographic techniques for separation, spectroscopic analysis of the isolated colorants, structure elucidation, biomordanting, pretreatments, and post-treatments, are also covered. Prepared by an expert author with many years of experience in researching and writing on natural textile dyes, this book is an important resource for academic researchers, post-graduate students, textile manufacturers, technicians, dye practitioners, and those involved in textile dye research and development. Written by an expert author with many years of experience in researching and writing on natural textile dyes Provides quantitative information about extraction and fastness properties that will be valuable to those involved in dye selection Offers complete and practical coverage of the whole dyeing process from source selection to post-treatments

Medical and Healthcare Textiles

Medical and Healthcare Textiles Book
Author : Subhash C. Anand,J F Kennedy,M Miraftab,Subbiyan Rajendran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-15
ISBN : 0857090348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical textiles remain one of the most dynamic areas of research in textiles. Medical and healthcare textiles is the fourth in a series of conferences held at the University of Bolton. Like its predecessors, it has attracted papers from some of the leading international centres of expertise in the field. Contributors cover a range of topics including emerging textile-based biomaterials, hygienic textiles, the use of textiles in infection control and as barrier materials, bandaging and pressure garments for managing chronic infections such as ulcers, the role of textiles in the management of burns and wounds, textile-based implantable devices such as tissue scaffolds and sutures, and intelligent textiles. Provides a comprehensive overview of medical textiles from the risk of infection control and barrier materials through to directives, regulations and standards shaping the medical device industry Explores developments in healthcare and hygiene products, including odor and pH control as well as protective and disposable fabrics Reviews development in the area of implantable materials featuring vascular grafts, knee implants and scaffolds