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Textiles for Cold Weather Apparel

Textiles for Cold Weather Apparel Book
Author : J T Williams
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-09-29
ISBN : 1845697170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cold weather can be a potential hazard to human health, adversely affecting physiological functions, work performance and wellbeing. Designing suitable apparel for cold environments is therefore a complex task. Textiles for cold weather apparel reviews the principles, materials and requirements of cold weather apparel and will stimulate ideas for future innovation and improved end performance. The first part of the book covers the fundamental scientific issues and types of materials suitable for cold weather clothing. Topics include how to achieve comfort and thermoregulation in cold weather clothing as well as the use of coated and laminated fabrics. It also discusses design and ergonomic aspects such as designing for ventilation. Part two discusses ways of evaluating cold weather clothing, including standards and legislation governing cold weather clothing and laboratory assessments. Part three concludes with applications including cold weather apparel for the military and footwear for cold weather conditions. With an array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve and understand developments in cold weather apparel. Reviews the principles, materials and requirements of cold weather apparel Discusses design and ergonomic aspects including ventilation and insulation Examines methods used to evaluate cold weather clothing as well as standards and legislation in practice

Protective Textiles from Natural Resources

Protective Textiles from Natural Resources Book
Author : Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-06-23
ISBN : 0323904785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protective Textiles from Natural Resources provides systematic coverage of the fundamentals, production methods, processing techniques, characterization techniques, properties and applications of natural textile products for protective purposes. The subject of this book is an important kind of technical textile designed to protect the wearer from injuries, illness and death. They offer enhanced protection against phenomena including heat, cold, flame, chemical, biological, nuclear agents, radiation, disaster and even ballistics. As no single type of clothing can be adequate for all kinds of protection, extensive research is carried out to develop protective clothing for specialized civilian and military applications. The latest research on the use of natural fibres in PPE is also covered, which could make a significant contribution to the fight against the spread of COVID-19. This comprehensive guide explores a wide variety of themes from material processing and design to finished products, through protection against specific hazards to specific applications, including all significant new developments on natural materials for protective textiles. Explains the latest technologies related to fibre extraction from natural sources, chemical treatments, weave constructions, fabric finishes and coatings. Includes the latest research on natural fibers in personal protective equipment (PPE) to protect wearers from bacterial and viral contamination. Explains the state of the art in testing methods and standards for protective clothing.

Medical Textiles from Natural Resources

Medical Textiles from Natural Resources Book
Author : Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-06-23
ISBN : 0323904807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Textiles from Natural Resources provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals, production methods, processing techniques, characterization techniques, properties and applications of medical textile materials from natural resources. Medical textiles offer a variety of technical and functional properties valued in medical and healthcare sectors, often relating to hygiene. As medical textile products remain in close contact with the human body, the fibre must have characteristics such as biological compatibility, biological degradability, permeability and nontoxicity. Only materials from natural renewable sources have such characteristics. This book provides the latest information on a wide range of medical applications, from single suture and wound dressings, to implants and tissue scaffolds. It also offers a systematic review of the manufacture, properties and applications of technical textiles for medical use. Explains the latest technologies related to fibre extraction from natural sources, chemical treatments, weave constructions, fabric finishes and coatings. Describes innovative applications of nanomaterials in the treatment of textile fabric and the utilization of carbohydrate polymers in the preparation of nanoparticles deposited in nonwoven fabrics. Helps product designers to find appropriate materials from natural resources with the characteristics of biodegradability, renewability, biocompatibility and nontoxicity.

High Performance Technical Textiles

High Performance Technical Textiles Book
Author : Roshan Paul
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-02-19
ISBN : 1119325056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authentic resource for the fundamentals, applied techniques, applications and recent advancements of all the main areas of technical textiles Created to be a comprehensive reference, High Performance Technical Textiles includes the review of a wide range of technical textiles from household to space textiles. The contributors—noted experts in the field from all the continents—offer in-depth coverage on the fibre materials, manufacturing processes and techniques, applications, current developments, sustainability and future trends. The contributors include discussions on synthetic versus natural fibres, various textile manufacturing techniques, textile composites and finishing approaches that are involved in the manufacturing of textiles for a specific high performance application. Whilst the book provides the basic knowledge required for an understanding of technical textiles, it can serve as a springboard for inspiring new inventions in hi-tech fibres and textiles. This important book: Contains a unique approach that offers a comprehensive understanding of the manufacturing and applications of technical textiles Includes a general overview to the fundamentals, current techniques, end use applications as well as the most recent advancements Explores the current standards in the industry and the ongoing research in the field Offers a comprehensive and single source reference on the topic Written for academics, researchers and professionals working in textile and related industries, High Performance Technical Textiles offers a systematic, structured, logical and updated source of information for understanding technical textiles.

Materials and Technology for Sportswear and Performance Apparel

Materials and Technology for Sportswear and Performance Apparel Book
Author : Steven George Hayes,Praburaj Venkatraman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 1482220512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and Technology for Sportswear and Performance Apparel takes a close look at the design and development of functional apparel designed for high-performance sportswear. Implementing materials, performance, technology, and design and marketing, the book examines this rapidly emerging textile market and outlines future directions and growing trends. The book begins by explaining how a comfort-driven focus has led the industry to embrace knitted fabric as a popular choice of constructional material. Using examples of leading brands, it outlines the basic terminology, structural details, and essential properties appropriate for performance apparel, especially for sportswear. This book describes the differences between woven and knitted structures, provides an understanding of fabric behavior and the characteristics of a functional garment, and outlines the importance of garment fit and consumer perception of garment comfort in its design and development. The authors present key research outcomes on the design and development of functional apparel designed for high-performance sportswear that explore smart materials, impact-resistant fabrics and pressure sensing. They consider the use of 3-D body scanning and its influence on pattern engineering for apparel product development; highlight the widely used fiber types for sportswear and the importance of fiber blends and their performance, and discuss the relevance of fabric structure and its interaction with the human body. The book also presents research on moisture management and temperature regulation and analyzes the performance and development of smart sportswear intended for monitoring health and performance for a range of end uses. A definitive guide detailing the future of functional clothing and sportswear, this book: Describes how to design and develop functional clothing for sportswear Reflects current research outcomes and industry requirements Clarifies with visual illustration, practical examples, and case studies an understanding of techniques and concepts Explores specifics of garment design such as fit, shape, function, fashion and design Focuses on a commitment to designing ethical and sustainable products

Textile Manufacturing Processes

Textile Manufacturing Processes Book
Author : Faheem Uddin
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-08-28
ISBN : 178985105X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textile manufacturing is an important subject in textile programs and processing industries. The introduction of manmade and synthetic fibers, such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, cellulose, and Kevlar, among others, has greatly expanded the variety of textile products available today. In addition, new fiber development has brought about new machines for producing yarns, fabrics, and garments. Textile Manufacturing Processes is a collection of academic and research work in the field of textile manufacturing. Written by experts, chapters cover topics such as yarn manufacturing, fabric manufacturing, and garment and technical textiles. This book is useful for students, industry workers, and anyone interested in learning the fundamentals of textile manufacturing.

Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel

Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel Book
Author : Jinlian Hu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-14
ISBN : 0857093606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computer technology has transformed textiles from their design through to their manufacture and has contributed to significant advances in the textile industry. Computer technology for textiles and apparel provides an overview of these innovative developments for a wide range of applications, covering topics including structure and defect analysis, modelling and simulation, and apparel design. The book is divided into three parts. Part one provides a review of different computer-based technologies suitable for textile materials, and includes chapters on computer technology for yarn and fabric structure analysis, defect analysis and measurement. Chapters in part two discuss modelling and simulation principles of fibres, yarns, textiles and garments, while part three concludes with a review of computer-based technologies specific to apparel and apparel design, with themes ranging from 3D body scanning to the teaching of computer-aided design to fashion students. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Computer technology for textiles and apparel is an invaluable tool for a wide range of people involved in the textile industry, from designers and manufacturers to fibre scientists and quality inspectors. Provides an overview of innovative developments in computer technology for a wide range of applications Covers structure and defect analysis, modelling and simulation and apparel design Themes range from 3D body scanning to the teaching of computer-aided design to fashion students

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing Book
Author : John T Williams
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 0081011342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing provides systematic coverage of the key types of finishes and high performance materials, from conventional wax and silicone, through controversial, but widely used fluoropolymers and advanced techniques, such as atmospheric plasma deposition and sol-gel technology. The book is an essential resource for all those engaged in garment development, production and finishing, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Rapid innovation in this field is driving new performance demands in many areas, including the sporting and military sectors. However, another innovation driver is the regulatory framework in the USA, Europe and globally, addressing both health concerns (e.g. with PFOS / PFOA) and environmental impacts (e.g. C8 fluorocarbon finishes). Both of these aspects are fully covered, along with the replacement materials / technologies currently available and under development. In addition, oleophobic and multifunctional coatings are discussed, as are aspects of performance, testing and applications in sportswear, protective clothing, and footwear. Introduces innovative materials and technologies, exploring their current and potential use across different sectors Provides expert guidance on the health and environmental aspects of key waterproof materials and coatings and their associated regulations Demystifies testing processes and design principles

Care and Maintenance of Textile Products Including Apparel and Protective Clothing

Care and Maintenance of Textile Products Including Apparel and Protective Clothing Book
Author : Rajkishore Nayak,Saminathan Ratnapandian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-08
ISBN : 1351342738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proper care and maintenance of textile materials is essential in prolonging their durability and appearance. This books describes methods of care and maintenance for textile products, focusing on types of laundering and dry-cleaning processes, chemicals, and equipment, while considering the environmental impacts of these procedures and green cleaning approaches. It details care labelling of garments, including electronic care labelling and instructions for different specialty textiles. Factors such as pilling, abrasion, snagging, color fading, and dimensional change are discussed. This book also emphasizes care and maintenance of textiles used for protection from fire, bullets, cold weather, and chemicals.

Advanced Characterization and Testing of Textiles

Advanced Characterization and Testing of Textiles Book
Author : Patricia I. Dolez,Olivier Vermeersch,Valério Izquierdo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-09-19
ISBN : 0081004540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Characterization and Testing of Textiles explores developments in physical and chemical testing and specific high-performance tests relating to textiles. The book introduces the principles of advanced characterization and testing, including the importance of performance-based specifications in the textiles industry. Chapters are organized by textile properties, providing in-depth coverage of each characteristic. Tests for specific applications are addressed, with the main focus on high-performance and technical textiles. Focuses on advanced testing methods for technical and high-performance textiles, covering state-of-the-art technology in its field Details specific textile properties and associated testing for each characteristic

Handbook of Life Cycle Assessment LCA of Textiles and Clothing

Handbook of Life Cycle Assessment  LCA  of Textiles and Clothing Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-07-25
ISBN : 0081001878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is used to evaluate the environmental impacts of textile products, from raw material extraction, through fibre processing, textile manufacture, distribution and use, to disposal or recycling. LCA is an important tool for the research and development process, product and process design, and labelling of textiles and clothing. Handbook of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Textiles and Clothing systematically covers the LCA process with comprehensive examples and case studies. Part one of the book covers key indicators and processes in LCA, from carbon and ecological footprints to disposal, re-use and recycling. Part two then discusses a broad range of LCA applications in the textiles and clothing industry. Covers the LCA process and its key indicators, including carbon and ecological footprints, disposal, re-use and recycling Examines the key developments of LCA in the textile and clothing industries Provides a wide range of case studies and examples of LCA applications in the textile and clothing industries

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-03-13
ISBN : 1782421122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The textile industry impacts the environment in a number of ways, including its use of resources, its impact on global warming, and the amount of pollution and waste it generates. Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain reviews methods used to calculate this environmental impact, including product carbon footprints (PCFs), ecological footprints (EFs), and life cycle assessment (LCA). The first chapters provide an introduction to the textile supply chain and its environmental impact, and an overview of the methods used to measure this impact. The book goes on to consider different environmental impacts of the industry, including greenhouse gas emissions, the water and energy footprints of the industry, and depletion of resources, as well as the use of LCA to assess the overall environmental impact of the textile industry. It then deals with the practice of measuring these impacts before forming a conclusion about the environmental impact of the industry. Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain provides a standard reference for R&D managers in the textile industry and academic researchers in textile science. Reviews the main methods used to calculate the textile industry’s use of resources, its impact on global warming and the pollution and waste it generates Reviews the key methods, their principles and how they can be applied in practice to measure and reduce the environmental impact of textile products Includes the following calculation methods: product carbon footprints (PCFs), ecological footprints (EFs) and life cycle assessment (LCA)

The Global Textile and Clothing Industry

The Global Textile and Clothing Industry Book
Author : Roshan Shishoo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-18
ISBN : 0857095625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in technology, combined with the ever-evolving needs of the global market, are having a strong impact on the textile and clothing sector. The global textile and clothing industry: Technological advances and future challenges provides an essential review of these changes, and considers their implications for future strategies concerning production and marketing of textile products. Beginning with a review of trends in the global textile industry, the book goes on to consider the impact of environmental regulation on future textile products and processes. Following this, the importance of innovation-driven textile research and development, and the role of strategic technology roadmapping are highlighted. Both the present structure and future adaptation of higher education courses in textile science are reviewed, before recent advances in textile manufacturing technology, including joining techniques, 3D body scanning and garment design and explored in depth. Finally, The global textile and clothing industry concludes by considering automating textile preforming technology for the mass production of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, The global textile and clothing industry: Technological advances and future challenges is an essential guide to key challenges and developments in this industrial sector. Comprehensively examines the implications of technological advancements and the evolving needs of the global market on the textile and clothing industry and considers their role on the future of textile manufacturing The importance of innovation-driven textile research and development and the role of strategic technology roadmapping are thoroughly investigated Recent advances in textile manufacturing technology, including joining techniques, 3D body scanning and garment design and explored in depth

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-09
ISBN : 1782424881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Manikins for Textile Evaluation

Manikins for Textile Evaluation Book
Author : Rajkishore Nayak,Rajiv Padhye
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-15
ISBN : 008100950X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manikins for Textile Evaluation is a key resource for all those engaged in textile and apparel development and production, and for academics engaged in research into textile science and technology. Creating garments that work with the human form, both stationary and in motion, is a complex task that requires extensive testing and evaluation. Manikins allow for performance testing of textiles in a safe, controlled, and appropriate environment, and are a key element in developing new textile products. Everyday apparel needs to be assessed for comfort, sizing and fit, and ergonomics, while technical and protective garments require extensive safety and performance testing. Manikins therefore range from simple representations of the human body to complex designs that simulate body temperature, sweating, and motion. Manikins are safe for use in hazardous testing environments, such as fire and flame protection, where wearer trials would be impossible. This book provides extensive coverage of manikin-based evaluation of protective, heat and flame resistant, medical, and automotive textile applications. The role of manikins in the development of day-to-day garments is also discussed, including fit, comfort, and ergonomics. The book is a key resource for all those engaged in textile and apparel development and production, and for academics engaged in research into textile science and technology. Delivers theoretical and practical guidance on evaluation using manikins that is of benefit to anyone developing textile products Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance textiles from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research, and textile development and manufacture Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through product development, to the range of current and potential applications that exploit high-performance textile technology

Improving Comfort in Clothing

Improving Comfort in Clothing Book
Author : Guowen Song
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-01-20
ISBN : 085709064X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wear comfort has been listed as the most important property of clothing demanded by users and consumers according to recent studies. A fundamental understanding of human comfort and a knowledge of how to design textiles and garments to maximise comfort for the wearer is therefore essential in the clothing industry. Improving comfort in clothing reviews the latest developments in the manufacturing of comfortable apparel and discusses methods of improving it in various articles of clothing. The book begins by outlining the fundamentals of human comfort in clothing, from the human perception of comfort in apparel and factors which affect it such as the properties of fibres and fabrics, to laboratory testing, analysing and predicting of the comfort properties of textiles. Part two discusses methods of improving comfort in apparel, from controlling thermal comfort and managing moisture, to enhancing body movement comfort in various garments. Part three reviews methods of improving comfort whilst maintaining function in specific types of clothing such as protective garments, sports wear and cold weather clothing The international team of contributors to Improving comfort in clothing has produced a unique overview of numerous aspects of clothing comfort, provides an excellent resource for researchers and designers in the clothing industry. It will also be beneficial for academics researching wear comfort. Reviews the latest developments in the manufacturing of comfortable apparel and discusses methods of improving fit in various articles of clothing An overview of how to design textiles and garments to maximise comfort begins with factors affecting comfort and properties of fibres and fabrics that contribute to human comfort Improvements in thermal and tactile comfort and moisture management are explored featuring developments in textile surfaces

Protective Clothing

Protective Clothing Book
Author : F. Wang,Chuansi Gao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-08-04
ISBN : 1782420401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protective clothing protects wearers from hostile environments, including extremes of heat and cold. Whilst some types of protective clothing may be designed primarily for non-thermal hazards (e.g. biological hazards), a key challenge in all protective clothing remains wearer comfort and the management of thermal stress (i.e. excessive heat or cold). This book reviews key types of protective clothing, technologies for heating and cooling and, finally, modeling aspects of thermal stress and strain. Explores different types of protective clothing, their uses and their requirements, with an emphasis on full-scale or prototype clothing, including immersion suits, body armour and space suits Considers novel and commercial technologies for regulating temperature in protective clothing, including phase change materials, shape memory alloys, electrically heated clothing and air and water perfusion-based cooling systems Reviews the human thermoregulatory system and the methods of modelling of thermal stress in protective clothing through various conditions, including cold water survival and firefighting

Functional Textiles and Clothing

Functional Textiles and Clothing Book
Author : Abhijit Majumdar,Deepti Gupta,Sanjay Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 9811377219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains select papers presented during the Functional Textiles and Clothing Conference 2018. The book covers the recent scientific developments, cutting edge technologies, innovations, trends, challenges and opportunities in the field of functional and smart textiles and clothing. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, professional engineers, entrepreneurs, and market stakeholders interested in functional textiles and clothing.

Sustainable Apparel

Sustainable Apparel Book
Author : Richard Blackburn
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 1782423575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainability is an issue that increasingly concerns all those involved in the apparel industry, including textile manufacturers, apparel designers, retailers and consumers. This important book covers recent advances and novel technologies in the key areas of production, processing and recycling of apparel. Part One addresses sustainable finishing and dyeing processes for textiles. The first two chapters concentrate on the environmental impact of fabric finishing, including water consumption, emissions and waste management. Further chapters focus on plasma and enzymatic treatments for sustainable textile processing, and the potential for improving the sustainability of dyeing technologies. Part Two covers issues of design, retail and recycling, and includes discussions of public attitudes towards sustainability in fashion, methods of measuring apparel sustainability and social trends in the re-use of apparel. Reviews sustainable finishing and dyeing processes for textiles Addresses social attitudes towards and methods for measuring sustainability in the apparel industry and retail sectors Covers recycling of apparel

Designing Apparel for Consumers

Designing Apparel for Consumers Book
Author : M-E Faust,S Carrier
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-04-03
ISBN : 1782422153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given its importance for consumer satisfaction and thus brand success, apparel fit is a major challenge for retailers and brands across the industry. Consequently there have been major developments in sizing research and how it can be used in apparel design. This book reviews how these developments are affecting clothing design for different groups of consumers. Part one identifies various aspects of body shape, size, volume and the psychological aspects of designing apparel. This section covers topics such as body shape and its influence on apparel size and consumer choices, sizing systems, body shape and weight distribution (with a discussion of the Body Volume Index (BVI) versus the Body Mass Index (BMI)), and the psychological and sociological factors influencing consumers’ choice of apparel. Part two outlines the challenges in understanding the sizing and shape requirements and choices of particular customer groups. This section discusses apparel designed for infants and children, older consumers, overweight and obese consumers, plus size Black and Latino women, apparel design for Asian and Caucasian ethnic groups, sizing requirements for male apparel, maternity apparel, intimate apparel for varying body shapes, and the challenges of designing headwear to fit the size and shape of Western and Asian populations. Designing apparel for consumers provides an invaluable reference for apparel designers, manufacturers, and R&D managers in the textile industry, as well as postgraduate students and academic researchers in textiles. Reviews developments affecting clothing design for different groups of consumers Identifies various aspects of body shape, size, volume and the psychological aspects of designing apparel Outlines the challenges in understanding sizing and shape requirements and choices of particular customer groups