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Terrestrial Depositional Systems

Terrestrial Depositional Systems Book
Author : Kate E. Zeigler,William Parker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 0128032448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Terrestrial Depositional Systems: Deciphering Complexities through Multiple Stratigraphic Methods is the first collection of contributed articles that not only introduces young geoscientists to biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and lithostratigraphy, but also provides seasoned practitioners with a standard reference that showcases the topic’s most recent developments in research and application. When studying complex depositional systems, scientists often need to rely on more than one stratigraphic technique to truly understand the sequence of historical events. Through a blend of specific analytical techniques, experiments, sampling methods, and working examples, this book provides a practical reference for addressing a range of depositional system challenges. This multi-contributed reference combines reviews of stratigraphic methods with individual case studies, providing readers with a broad scope of techniques that will aid their work in the interpretation and understanding of complex depositional systems. Offers multi-contributed expertise in biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and lithostratigraphy, ensuring a thorough, yet topical coverage Features case studies in each chapter that underscore the range of applications of individual stratigraphic methods Provides detailed explanations of different analyses, data collection methods, and sampling techniques, making the content immediately implementable Includes more than 100 illustrations, figures, and photographs that provide visual representations of core concepts

Geology and Geomorphology of Alluvial and Fluvial Fans

Geology and Geomorphology of Alluvial and Fluvial Fans Book
Author : D. Ventra,L.E. Clarke
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2018-07-04
ISBN : 1786202670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Alluvial and fluvial fans are the most widespread depositional landform bordering the margins of highland regions and actively subsiding continental basins, across a broad spectrum of tectonic and climatic settings. They are significant to the local morphodynamics of mountain regions and also to the evolution of sediment-routing systems, affecting the propagation and preservation of stratigraphic signals of environmental change over vast areas. The volume presents case studies discussing the geology and geomorphology of alluvial and fluvial fans from both active systems and ancient ones preserved in the stratigraphic record. It brings together case studies from a range of continents, climatic and tectonic settings, some introducing innovative monitoring and analysis techniques, and it provides an overview of current debates in the field. This volume will be of particular interest to geologists, geomorphologists, sedimentologists and the general reader with an interest in Earth science.

Biogeomorphology Terrestrial and Freshwater Systems

Biogeomorphology  Terrestrial and Freshwater Systems Book
Author : C.R. Hupp,Waite Osterkamp,A.D. Howard
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444598626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biogeomorphology, a relatively new term, refers to relations between the biota and geomorphic form and process. Ecology is the study of organisms in relation to their physical and biotic environment. Thus, ecogeomorphology could have been an equally acceptable name for this publication which stresses the ecological aspects of the larger field of biology. Most of the articles relate vegetation to fluvial geomorphology, erosion, and sedimentation. However, articles showing the significance of animal ecological studies and their bearing on geomorphic form and process are also included. Geographically the papers range from arid areas in the American Southwest and Israel to the new world tropics. Most articles, however, are concerned with temperate areas of North America and Western Europe. This is among the first books to approach the role that biota and ecology play in geomorphic processes and should be on the shelf of every landscape ecologist.

Nitrogen Deposition from the Dennis Agreement and Terrestrial Ecosystem Impact Identification Using Geographical Information Systems

Nitrogen Deposition from the Dennis Agreement and Terrestrial Ecosystem Impact Identification Using Geographical Information Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Abstracts

Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Microbial Ecology of Arid Terrestrial Systems

Microbial Ecology of Arid Terrestrial Systems Book
Author : Thulani P. Makhalanyane,Don Cowan,Jean-Baptiste Ramond
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-09-14
ISBN : 288919969X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water is usually referred to as the ‘Molecule of Life’. It constitutes the most abundant molecule in living (micro)organisms and is also essential for critical biochemical reactions, both for the global functioning and maintenance of Ecosystems (e.g., Photosynthesis) and individual (microbial) cells (e.g., ATP hydrolysis). However, most of Earth’s terrestrial environments present deficiencies in bioavailable water. Arid environments cover around a third of the land’s surface, are found on the six continents and, with the anthropogenic desertification phenomenon, will increase. Commonly defined by having a ratio of precipitation to potential evapotranspiration (P/PET) below 1, arid environments, being either hot or cold, are characterized by scant and erratic plant growth and low densities in macro-fauna. Consequently, these ecosystems are microbially mediated with microbial communities particularly driving the essential Na and C biogeochemical cycles. Due to the relatively simple trophic structure of these biomes, arid terrestrial environments have subsequently been used as ideal ecosystems to capture and model interactions in edaphic microbial communities. To date, we have been able to demonstrate that edaphic microorganisms (i.e., Fungi, Bacteria, Archaea, and Viruses) in arid environments are abundant, highly diverse, different from those of other terrestrial systems (both in terms of diversity and function), and are important for the stability and productivity of these ecosystems. Moreover, arid terrestrial systems are generally considered Mars-like environments. Thus, they have been the favored destination for astro(micro)biologists aiming to better understand life’s potential distribution and adaptation strategies in the Universe and develop terraforming approaches. Altogether, these points demonstrate the importance of significantly improving our knowledge in the microbial community composition (particularly for Fungi, Archaea and Viruses), assembly processes and functional potentials of arid terrestrial systems, as well as their adaptation mechanisms to aridity (and generally to various other environmental stresses). This Research Topic was proposed to provide further insights on the microbial ecology of hot and cold arid edaphic systems. We provide a detailed review and nine research articles, spanning hot and cold deserts, edaphic, rhizospheric, BSC and endolithic environments as well as culture-dependent and -independant approaches.

Managing Soils and Terrestrial Systems

Managing Soils and Terrestrial Systems Book
Author : Brian D. Fath,Sven Erik Jorgensen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-29
ISBN : 1000067742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together a wealth of knowledge, Environmental Management Handbook, Second Edition, gives a comprehensive overview of environmental problems, their sources, their assessment, and their solutions. Through in-depth entries and a topical table of contents, readers will quickly find answers to questions about environmental problems and their corresponding management issues. This six-volume set is a reimagining of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, published in 2013, and features insights from more than 400 contributors, all experts in their field. The experience, evidence, methods, and models used in studying environmental management are presented here in six stand-alone volumes, arranged along the major environmental systems. Features The first handbook that demonstrates the key processes and provisions for enhancing environmental management Addresses new and cutting-edge topics on ecosystem services, resilience, sustainability, food–energy–water nexus, socio-ecological systems, and more Provides an excellent basic knowledge on environmental systems, explains how these systems function, and offers strategies on how to best manage them Includes the most important problems and solutions facing environmental management today In this third volume, Managing Soils and Terrestrial Systems, the general concepts and processes of the geosphere with its related soil and terrestrial systems are introduced. It explains how these systems function and provides strategies on how to best manage them. It serves as an excellent resource for finding basic knowledge on the geosphere systems and includes important problems and solutions that environmental managers face today. This book practically demonstrates the key processes, methods, and models used in studying environmental management.

Journal of African Earth Sciences

Journal of African Earth Sciences Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Clay Mineral and Sedimentary Controls on Sorptive Preservation of Terrestrial Organic Matter

Clay Mineral and Sedimentary Controls on Sorptive Preservation of Terrestrial Organic Matter Book
Author : Amelia Carol Robinson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781124316291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deciphering terrestrial climatic conditions in marine sediments as well as overall terrestrial contributions to carbon preservation in continental margins requires that the biogeochemical signatures faithfully record vegetation and soil organic matter compositions of the watershed from which it was derived. How these compounds change from the time of their formation to their export and burial in marine environments is poorly constrained. This research addressed changes in organic matter-clay mineral systems in response to sorption of lignin phenols, desorption through a salinity gradient, and secondary uptake of amino acids. Scaling up from single clay mineral and lignin phenol standards to heterogeneous systems using plant leachates and soils of contrasting mineralogy, provided supporting evidence that clay minerals present in these soils do, in fact, contribute significantly to OC and lignin phenol sorption. The fact that kaolinite and montmorillonite sorbed similar quantities across these different particle systems despite differences in mineral specific surface area, suggests that mineral-specific reactivity may be more important than typically considered. Further contrasts in how lignin phenols desorbed from these two minerals highlights an additional control on OM compositions and source and diagenetic information derived from lignin phenols preserved in continental margin sediments. Retention of lignin phenols on mineral surfaces (~60% of initial amounts sorbed, effectively priming the surfaces) resulted in 2-3 times more glutamic acid sorbed relative to mineral surfaces without lignin phenol-priming. As such, the cumulative history that OM-clay mineral particles experience, ultimately determines their reactivity in continental margin sediments. Continental margin sediments apparently contain much less terrestrial organic matter than can be accounted for based on inputs, and thus may reflect enhanced burial of marine organic matter due to assistance from terrestrial-primed mineral surfaces. An overarching finding of this research is that particulate OM-clay mineral systems undergo molecular-level fractionation at all stages of processing from terrestrial source to depositional zones in continental margins.

Contaminants in Terrestrial Environments

Contaminants in Terrestrial Environments Book
Author : Otto Fränzle
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642773664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Defining ecology as a system-theory oriented synthesis of both earth and life sciences, the book aims at a novel co- herent understanding of chemicalimpact on the lower at- mosphere and characteristic types of terrestrial ecosystems. To this end comprehensive flux-analytical and hierarchical modelling approaches were developed and consulted, which in- clude a thorough consideration of the specific physical and geographic boundary conditions of the processes involved. The first part is devoted to fundamentals of environmental chemistry and ecology, while the second deals with the com- plex atmospheric pathways of anthropogenic chemicals. In the last part, the manifold interactions of these compounds or their metabolites with the soil-vegetation complex of eco- systems are described. Chapters on pollutant impact on mate- rials and a review of chemical fate modelling are included. Thus scientists and practitioners facing ecological projects may expect to obtain a deeper insight into landscape ecology from the impact point of view owing to the concise presenta- tion of complex mechanisms and the generalized modelling ap- proach.

Nonmarine Petroleum Geology of China

Nonmarine Petroleum Geology of China Book
Author : Jianyi Hu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nonmarine Petroleum Geology of China book written by Jianyi Hu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Basin Analysis

Basin Analysis Book
Author : Philip A. Allen,John R. Allen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-30
ISBN : 1118450302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basin Analysis is an advanced undergraduate andpostgraduate text aimed at understanding sedimentary basins asgeodynamic entities. The rationale of the book is that knowledge ofthe basic principles of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of thelithosphere, the dynamics of the mantle, and the functioning ofsediment routing systems provides a sound background for studyingsedimentary basins, and is a pre-requisite for the exploitation ofresources contained in their sedimentary rocks. The third editionincorporates new developments in the burgeoning field of basinanalysis while retaining the successful structure and overallphilosophy of the first two editions. The text is divided into 4 parts that establish the geodynamicalenvironment for sedimentary basins and the physical state of thelithosphere, followed by a coverage of the mechanics of basinformation, an integrated analysis of the controls on the basin-filland its burial and thermal history, and concludes with anapplication of basin analysis principles in petroleum playassessment, including a discussion of unconventional hydrocarbonplays. The text is richly supplemented by Appendices providingmathematical derivations of a wide range of processes affecting theformation of basins and their sedimentary fills. Many of theseAppendices include practical exercises that give the readerhands-on experience of quantitative solutions to important basinanalysis processes. Now in full colour and a larger format, this third edition is acomprehensive update and expansion of the previous editions, and represents a rigorous yet accessible guide to problemsolving in this most integrative of geoscientific disciplines. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/allen/basinanalysis"www.wiley.com/go/allen/basinanalysis/a.

Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic History of Latin American Vegetation and Terrestrial Environments

Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic History of Latin American Vegetation and Terrestrial Environments Book
Author : Alan Graham
Publisher : Monographs in Systematic Botan
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume summarizes the history of Latin American vegetation from just prior to the asteroid impact at Chicxulub, Mexico, at the end of the Cretaceous period through the rapid-paced events of Holocene and Recent times, tracing highlights in the origin of lineages and plant communities that constitute a fundamental part of the tropical ecosystems of the New World. Emphasis is placed on the array of available methods and approaches, as well as on the need for incorporating ancillary information from the many relevant disciplines and for assessing the paleobiological results within the context of independent lines of inquiry--particularly important for understanding the vast and complex communities of Latin America.

The APPEA Journal

The APPEA Journal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Air water and Air terrestrial Exchange of Semi volatile Organic Compounds

Air water and Air terrestrial Exchange of Semi volatile Organic Compounds Book
Author : Keri Cervantes Hornbuckle
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air water and Air terrestrial Exchange of Semi volatile Organic Compounds book written by Keri Cervantes Hornbuckle, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reconstructing Southern New Zealand Miocene Terrestrial Climate and Ecosystems from Plant Fossils

Reconstructing Southern New Zealand Miocene Terrestrial Climate and Ecosystems from Plant Fossils Book
Author : Tammo Reichgelt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The New Zealand landmass occupies an area on the edge of the Southern Ocean at 350́347℗ʻS. Though situated north of the subtropical front, the New Zealand landmass experiences direct influence of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and westerly winds. A projection of the effect of fluctuations of the Antarctic ice mass and Southern Ocean circulation on the New Zealand environment and global atmospheric circulation has to rely on the assessment of terrestrial climatic conditions during a time when the Antarctic ice sheet was reduced. The early 0́3 middle Miocene (230́312 Ma) represents a period when the extent of the Antarctic ice sheet, as well as the Southern Ocean circulation was reduced. Two terrestrial depositional systems were active in southern New Zealand during this time: the Waipiata Volcanics and Lake Manuherikia. Quantification of floral response to climate in the Waipiata Volcanic and Manuherikia Groups is used to elucidate the effect of ocean circulation change on the New Zealand terrestrial environment. The earliest Miocene environment, prior to the northward movement of the Subtropical and Subantarctic fronts, can be quantified using floras in the Waipiata Volcanic Group (Foulden and Hindon Maar). Floras are diverse and suggest subtropical to warm-temperate conditions prevailed. There is some evidence for seasonality in the precipitation regime, but temperatures appear to be relatively consistent between the two investigated floras. A seasonal mid-latitudinal light regime may have amplified seasonal contrast. During deposition of the Manuherikia Group (Grey Lake, Vinegar Hill, Kawarau River and Nevis Valley) the environment was more changeable, both seasonally and between floras. Absolute time constraints on the Manuherikia Group are poor, but all floras are between 190́315 Ma old and relative superposition of the floras is well-constrained. The trend in this period was from warm-temperate conditions and seasonal temperatures in the lowermost floras, Grey Lake and Vinegar Hill, to subtropical conditions with seasonal precipitation in the youngest floras, Kawarau River and Nevis Valley. This occurs during a period when the major front systems were shifting northwards, although still not converging with the New Zealand landmass. The seasonal precipitation regime could be caused by southern migration of the westerly wind belt in response to the presence of a subtropical high-pressure cell over mid-latitudes during the early Miocene. The middle/late Miocene boundary is represented in the Dunedin Volcanic Group (Double Hill and Kaikorai Valley), which is constituted of volcanoclastics and basalts of a multiple-vent volcanic edifice associated with the Waipiata Volcanic Field. Floras of this group are warm-temperate, but Kaikorai Valley appears to have the signature of frost-adaptation. Possibly, southern New Zealand during the middle/late Miocene boundary was subject to influence from the Southern Ocean. This period may therefore mark the northward movement of the Subantarctic Front, the interception of this front with the southernmost extent of New Zealand and initiation of the on-land climatic transition towards modern conditions. This account of the early to middle Miocene terrestrial climate of southern New Zealand is in agreement with global climatic models and Miocene climatic reconstructions from oceanic proxies. During the Miocene the New Zealand landmass became gradually more susceptible to influences from the Antarctic and therefore cooled. Additionally, under generally warmer climatic conditions in the Miocene, such as is projected for future global scenarios under increased atmospheric carbon levels, seasonality in New Zealand appears to increase

Conference Programme and Abstracts

Conference Programme and Abstracts Book
Author : C. P. Strong,Erica Margaret Crouch,C. J. Hollis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Conference Programme and Abstracts book written by C. P. Strong,Erica Margaret Crouch,C. J. Hollis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Paleoaltimetry

Paleoaltimetry Book
Author : Matthew J. Kohn
Publisher : Mineralogical Society of Amer
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 66 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry is based on a two day short course entitled Paleoaltimetry: Geochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches held prior to the Geological Society of American annual meeting in Denver, Colorado (October 26-27, 2007). This meeting and volume were sponsored by the Geochemical Society, Mineralogical Society of America, and the United States Department of Energy. Contents: The Significance of PaleotopographyStable Isotope-Based Paleoaltimetry: Theory and ValidationPaleoelevation Reconstruction Using Pedogenic CarbonatesStable Isotope Paleoaltimetry in Orogenic Belts - The Silicate Record in Surface and Crustal Geological ArchivesPaleoaltimetry from Stable Isotope Compositions of FossilsA Review of Paleotemperature-Lapse Rate Methods for Estimating Paleoelevation from Fossil FlorasPaleoaltimetry: A Review of Thermodynamic MethodsPaleoelevation Measurement on the Basis of Vesicular BasaltsStomatal Frequency Change Over Altitudinal Gradients: Prospects for PaleoaltimetryThermochronologic Approaches to PaleotopographyTerrestrial Cosmogenic Nuclides as Paleoaltimetric Proxies