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Technology of Polymer Packaging

Technology of Polymer Packaging Book
Author : Arabinda Ghosh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-06-03
ISBN : 9781569905760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aimed at engineering students, engineers, and technologists of the packaging industry, this book provides the essentials of polymer packaging. It provides the reader with the knowledge and skills to identify and solve problems in packaging processes, and thereby develop functional packaging. Sales and marketing people involved in the packaging industry will also find this a valuable resource. A short primer on polymeric materials and additives is followed by descriptions of the most important production processes for polymer packaging - both continuous and discontinuous. Further chapters cover technology of sealing and different converting processes of packaging webs. The clear, practical informational focus stems from the author's extensive experience in the packaging industries and as an educator.

Technology of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market

Technology of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market Book
Author : Geoff A. Giles,Gerald D. Fasman,David R. Bain
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780849305085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume acquaints the reader with the technologies that can be used to convert a limited number of polymers into a myriad of packaging formats. It is directed at packaging technologists and those involved in the design and development of packaging.

PET Packaging Technology

PET Packaging Technology Book
Author : David W. Brooks,Geoff A. Giles
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781841272221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is now a major commodity plastic for packaging. This book provides a one-stop source of reference for all aspects of this important sector of the packaging industry.

Modern Technology of Plastic Polymer Processing Industries

Modern Technology of Plastic   Polymer Processing Industries Book
Author : NIIR Board
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2003-06-04
ISBN : 8178330776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Indian plastic and polymer industry has taken great strides. In the last few decades, the industry has grown to the status of a leading sector in the country with a sizable base. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics. Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. Polymer processing industry deals with the manufacture and production of polymer and synthetic substances for example acrylic plastics: poly (methyl methacrylate), poly vinyl chloride (PVC), polyamides, polyesters, cellulose plastics etc. Plastic is incredibly versatile and can be made from different ingredients, moulded into any shape, and put to a huge range of uses across industry and the rest of society. Polymer Energy system is an award winning, innovative, proprietary process to convert waste plastics into renewable energy. Polymers are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. No wonder polymers are found in everything from compact discs to high tech aerospace applications. On the basis of value added, Indian share of plastic products industry is about 0.5% of national GDP. This book majorly deals with properties and applications of engineering, the strength of thermoplastic composites, and the application of thermoplastic structural composites, applications of differential scanning, calorimetry and polymer characterization, polymer degradation and stabilization, advances in photo degradation and stabilization of polyurethanes and so on. This book also consists of raw material suppliers for plastic and plastic products, manufacturers of plastic processing machinery, plastics processing machinery and equipment (foreign), machinery and equipment for plastic converting, extruders and extrusion lines, injection moulding machines and so on. This book offers, in standardized and readily accessible information on the synthesis, structure, properties and applications of the most important polymeric materials. It has been designed as a text giving a balanced coverage of the science and technology of polymers finding major applications plastics. This book is very useful for industrialists, consultants, research scholars and institutes.

Plastic Films in Food Packaging

Plastic Films in Food Packaging Book
Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 1455731153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The value of the groceries purchases in the USA is over $500 billion annually, most of which is accounted for by packaged foods. Plastic packaging of foods is not only ubiquitous in developed economies, but increasingly commonplace in the developing world, where plastic packaging is instrumental in decreasing the proportion of the food supply lost to spoilage. This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies. By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging. The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recycling Includes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspects Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions

Functional Polymers in Food Science

Functional Polymers in Food Science Book
Author : Giuseppe Cirillo,Umile Gianfranco Spizzirri,Francesca Iemma
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-18
ISBN : 1119109604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are an important part in everyday life; products made from polymers range from sophisticated articles, such as biomaterials, to aerospace materials. One of the reasons for the great popularity exhibited by polymers is their ease of processing. Polymer properties can be tailored to meet specific needs by varying the "atomic composition" of the repeat structure, by varying molecular weight and by the incorporation (via covalent and non-covalent interactions) of an enormous range of compounds to impart specific activities. In food science, the use of polymeric materials is widely explored, from both an engineering and a nutraceutical point of view. Regarding the engineering application, researchers have discovered the most suitable materials for intelligent packaging which preserves the food quality and prolongs the shelf-life of the products. Furthermore, in agriculture, specific functionalized polymers are used to increase the efficiency of treatments and reduce the environmental pollution. In the nutraceutical field, because consumers are increasingly conscious of the relationship between diet and health, the consumption of high quality foods has been growing continuously. Different compounds (e.g. high quality proteins, lipids and polysaccharides) are well known to contribute to the enhancement of human health by different mechanisms, reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary disease, and hypertension. This first volume, of this two volume book, concerns the application of polymers in food packaging.

Microelectronics Technology

Microelectronics Technology Book
Author : Elsa Reichmanis
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides an up-to-date assessment of chemically amplified resist materials chemistry and process considerations. Reports novel chemistry for single layer 193nm lithographic applications. Discusses new approaches to silicon-containing resists and multilevel processes. Explores the design of low-dielectric polymer materials for microelectronic applications.

Nanoparticles in Active Polymer Food Packaging

Nanoparticles in Active Polymer Food Packaging Book
Author : Zlata Hrnjak-Murgic
Publisher : Smithers Pira
Release : 2015-11-25
ISBN : 1910242454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Active polymer food packaging is packaging which has been designed to deliberately interact with food or with a direct food environment to reduce oxygen and moisture levels, preserve flavourings and the quality of the food. New concepts of active and intelligent packaging play an increasingly important role by offering numerous and innovative solutions for extending the shelf-life or for maintaining, improving or monitoring food quality and safety. This is the driving force for the food packaging industry's development of new and improved packaging concepts using nanoparticles.This book gives an overview of applications for various types of nanoparticles, such as different metal based substances, and explains their role in polymer food packaging.The book also elaborates the mechanism of activity of each type of nanoparticle, for example:- Antimicrobial activity- Oxygen absorption (scavengers)- Ultraviolet blocking properties- Water vapour permeabilityThe characterisation of polymer nanocomposite materials and the regulatory aspects of nanomaterials are also discussed.Information is provided about the polymers and polymer nanocomposites, and in addition, the book provides information about new food packaging materials with improved mechanical, barrier and antimicrobial properties to preserve the food during transport and storage.

Polymers As Materials for Packaging

Polymers As Materials for Packaging Book
Author : Duchacek, V,D. Curda
Publisher : Ellis Horwood Limited
Release : 1987
ISBN : 9780136772125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polymers As Materials for Packaging book written by Duchacek, V,D. Curda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Food Contact Polymeric Materials

Food Contact Polymeric Materials Book
Author : J.A. Sidwell
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780902348691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymeric materials have revolutionised the way we package store and even cook our food. We now buy soft and alcoholic drinks in transparent, lightc099 plastic bottles, and precooked meals in plastic trays which we reheat in a microwave or conventional oven. This state-of-the-art review draws together the legal framework within which the industry must work, with the technological advances being made both in materials performance and the analysis of migrating monomers and additives. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.

Detailed Project Profiles on Hi Tech Plastic Products 2nd Revised Edition

Detailed Project Profiles on Hi Tech Plastic Products  2nd Revised Edition  Book
Author : NPCS Board of Plastic Technologists
Publisher : NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Release : 2014-02-07
ISBN : 9381039631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastic is a polymeric material that has the capability of being molded or shaped, usually by the application of heat and pressure. This property of plasticity, often found in combination with other special properties such as low density, low electrical conductivity, transparency, and toughness, allows plastics to be made into a great variety of products. Many of the chemical names of the polymers employed as plastics have become familiar to consumers, although some are better known by their abbreviations or trade names. Thus, polyethylene terephthalate and polyvinyl chloride are commonly referred to as PET and PVC, while foamed polystyrene and polymethyl methacrylate are known by their trademarked names, Styrofoam and Plexiglas (or Perspex). The plastic consumption will increase to 20 million tonnes a year in 2020 from the current 8 million tonnes a year in India. Plastics is one of the biggest contributor to India’s GDP with the growth rate of 12%-15% per annum, it houses over 50,000 manufacturers and employees of over 40 lakh workers in the plastics industry. Polymers are chemical compounds whose molecules are very large, often resembling long chains made up of a seemingly endless series of interconnected links. The size of these molecules, as is explained in chemistry of industrial polymers, is extraordinary, ranging in the thousands and even millions of atomic mass units. Polymers have found uses in all spheres of life with demand for better materials, greater functional utility, more economical packaging and versatile and durable all-weather products. The per capita consumption of polymers in India is around 5.5 kg. The Government of India has prepared an ambitious plan to achieve a ten-fold increase in plastic exports (from $ 25 mn to 250 mn) to the US. Polyethylene terephthalate is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in synthetic fibers; beverage, food and other liquid containers; thermoforming applications; and engineering resins often in combination with glass fiber. PET in its natural state is a colorless, semi-crystalline resin. Based on how it is processed, PET can be semi-rigid to rigid, and it is very lightweight. It makes a good gas and fair moisture barrier, as well as a good barrier to alcohol and solvents. Poly (vinyl chloride), is the third-most widely produced polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene. PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. The rigid form of PVC is used in construction for pipe and in profile applications such as doors and windows. It is also used for bottles, other non-food packaging, and cards (such as bank or membership cards). It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates. Around 1.1 Million Metric Tons, out of which, Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) accounts for 0.36 Million Metric Tons, Polypropylene (PP) 0.27 Million Metric Tons and Polyethylene (PE) 0.46 Million Metric Tons. The quantum of imports increased further to 1.8 MMT with imports of Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), Polypropylene (PP) and Polyethylene (PE) rising to 0.70, 0.43 and 0.62 MMT. Replicating the growth in gross domestic product, polymer demand in India grew from 3.459 Million Metric ton per annum (MMtpa) in 2000 to 9.013 MMtpa in 2011 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.1%. Strong growth in the packaging sectors will drive the demand further to 14.315 MMtpa in 2016. To meet this growing demand, India increased its polymer production from 3.568 MMtpa in 2000 to 7.377 MMtpa in 2016. With an increase in demand the polymer consumption is expected to double by 2020, to about 20 million metric tons. Disposable is the ability of something to be disposed of or thrown away after use. A disposable (also called disposable product) is a product designed for a single use after which it is recycled or is disposed as solid waste. The term often implies cheapness and short-term convenience rather than medium to long-term durability. Polystyrene is a synthetic aromatic polymer made from the monomer styrene. Polystyrene can be solid or foamed. General purpose polystyrene is clear, hard, and rather brittle. It is an inexpensive resin per unit weight. It is a rather poor barrier to oxygen and water vapor and has a relatively low melting point. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics, the scale of its production being several billion kilograms per year. India is growing at an average annual rate of 7.6% for the past five years and it is expected to continue growing at an equal if not faster rate. The rapid economic growth is increasing and enhancing employment and business opportunities and in turn increasing disposable incomes. As households with disposable incomes from Rs 200,000 to 1,000,000 a year comprises about 50 million people, roughly 5% of the population at present. By 2025 the size of middle class will increase to about 583 million people, or 41% of the population. The size of the Indian medical device industry will jump to INR 761 billion by 2017 registering a CAGR of 20% during 2012-17. The content of the book includes information about plastic. The major contents of this book are project profiles of projects like Plastics and Polymers Industry in India, Disposable Plastic Syringes, Flexible Polyurethane Foam, PVC Wires & Cables, Disposable Dishes, Knife, Fork & Cutlery Items (Spoon)Thermacol Cups, Glass and Plates, Pet Bottle from Pet Resin, PVC Flex Banner (Front Lit, Backlit & Vinyl),Wood Plastic Composite (WPC),HDPE/PP Woven Sacks, Pet Bottle Recycling, Plastic Injection, Moulded Products (Buckets, Tumblers, Tubs & Toilet Bowl Cleaning Brush),Disposable Plastic Cups, Plates & Glasses. Project profile contains information like introduction, uses and applications, properties, manufacturing process, B.I.S. specifications, raw material details, process description, process flow diagram, suppliers of plant & machinery, suppliers of raw material, land & building, plant & machinery, fixed capital, working capital requirement/month, total working capital/month, cost of project, rate of return, breakeven point (B.E.P) This book is very useful for new entrepreneurs, technical institutions, existing units and technocrats.

Food Packaging Technology

Food Packaging Technology Book
Author : Richard Coles,Derek McDowell,Mark J. Kirwan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-08-15
ISBN : 9780849397882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The protection and preservation of a product, the launch of new products or re-launch of existing products, perception of added-value to products or services, and cost reduction in the supply chain are all objectives of food packaging. Taking into consideration the requirements specific to different products, how can one package successfully meet all of these goals? Food Packaging Technology provides a contemporary overview of food processing and packaging technologies. Covering the wide range of issues you face when developing innovative food packaging, the book includes: Food packaging strategy, design, and development Food biodeterioation and methods of preservation Packaged product quality and shelf life Logistical packaging for food marketing systems Packaging materials and processes The battle rages over which type of container should be used for which application. It is therefore necessary to consider which materials, or combination of materials and processes will best serve the market and enhance brand value. Food Packaging Technology gives you the tools to determine which form of packaging will meet your business goals without compromising the safety of your product.

Emerging Food Packaging Technologies

Emerging Food Packaging Technologies Book
Author : Kit L Yam,Dong Sun Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-15
ISBN : 0857095668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The successful employment of food packaging can greatly improve product safety and quality, making the area a key concern to the food processing industry. Emerging food packaging technologies reviews advances in packaging materials, the design and implementation of smart packaging techniques, and developments in response to growing concerns about packaging sustainability. Part one of Emerging food packaging technologies focuses on developments in active packaging, reviewing controlled release packaging, active antimicrobials and nanocomposites in packaging, and edible chitosan coatings. Part two goes on to consider intelligent packaging and how advances in the consumer/packaging interface can improve food safety and quality. Developments in packaging material are analysed in part three, with nanocomposites, emerging coating technologies, light-protective and non-thermal process packaging discussed, alongside a consideration of the safety of plastics as food packaging materials. Finally, part four explores the use of eco-design, life cycle assessment, and the utilisation of bio-based polymers in the production of smarter, environmentally-compatible packaging. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Emerging food packaging technologies is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for the design, production and use of food and beverage packaging, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Reviews advances in packaging materials, the design and implementation of smart packaging techniques, and developments in response to growing concerns about packaging sustainability Considers intelligent packaging and how advances in the consumer/packaging interface can improve food safety and quality Examines developments in packaging materials, nanocomposites, emerging coating technologies, light-protective and non-thermal process packaging and the safety of plastics as food packaging materials

Food Packaging Technology

Food Packaging Technology Book
Author : Debra K. Henyon
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0803114176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eight papers from a symposium in San Diego, November 1989, and an introductory overview discuss aspects of the food packaging industry, including extending the shelf life of products through computer modeling, the effect of the food on the package, flavor management, and techniques to evaluate packa

Advanced Packaging Technologies For Fruits and Vegetables

Advanced Packaging Technologies For Fruits and Vegetables Book
Author : Roby Jose Ciju
Publisher : AGRIHORTICO
Release : 2019-05-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book begins with a short narration of current packaging practices followed by present day horticulture industry. After pointing out the disadvantages of some of the current practices, the author categorically states that we do not need to religiously follow traditional packaging practices if we are serious about curtailing the supply chain loss of fruits and vegetables. The author goes on listing out various types of packaging materials that are available today before addressing the major theme of the book, i.e. ‘Modern Innovations in Packaging Materials and Packaging Technologies’. MAP films, MIP films and active and intelligent packing materials are described in detail under this topic. Manufacturing process of polymer-based packing materials is also described for the better understanding of the reader. The author then elaborates on how to select a suitable packing material for your horticultural produce. Major two parameters that are to be considered are packing material properties and product-specific properties. The author makes a reference of various packaging designs and packaging standards also for those who are interested in these topics. According to the author advanced packaging technologies such as modified atmosphere packaging, modified interactive packaging, active and intelligent packaging, TBG technology and packaging technology for microwaveable containers are going to make a big difference in the way how highly perishable fruits and vegetables are packed and consumed. Finally, the author gives a short narration of various types of packaging machines that are available today and also lists out major global suppliers of packaging solutions for horticulture industry.

Nanomaterials for Food Packaging

Nanomaterials for Food Packaging Book
Author : Miguel Angelo Parente Ribeiro Cerqueira,Jose Maria Lagaron,Lorenzo Miguel Pastrana Castro,Antonio Augusto Martins de Oliveira Soares Vicente
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-10
ISBN : 0323512720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology for Food Packaging: Materials, Processing Technologies, and Safety Issues showcases the latest research in the use of nanotechnology in food packaging, providing an in-depth and interdisciplinary overview of the field. Nanoscale advances in materials science, processing technology and analytical techniques have led to the introduction of new, cheaper and safer packaging techniques. Simultaneously, the increasing use of renewable nanomaterials has made food packaging more sustainable. Chapters provide a comprehensive review on materials used, their structure–function relationship, and new processing technologies for the application and production of nanotechnology-based packaging materials. In addition, the book discusses the use of functional materials for the development of active, smart and intelligent packaging, possible migration and toxicity of nanomaterials for foods and regulatory aspects, and commercial applications. Provides detailed information on the use of nanomaterials and methodologies in food packaging, possible applications and regulatory barriers to commercialization Presents an interdisciplinary approach that brings together materials science, bioscience, and the industrial and regulatory aspects of the creation and uses of food packaging Helps those undertaking research and development in food packaging gain a cogent understanding on how nanotechnology is leading to the emergence of new packaging technologies

Heat Sealing Technology and Engineering for Packaging

Heat Sealing Technology and Engineering for Packaging Book
Author : Kazuo Hishinuma
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2009-01-01
ISBN : 1932078851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents an introduction to different phases of heat sealing. This book features reliable measuring methods to control heat seal quality, and offers methods for using peel seal and tear seal.

Green Polymer Composites Technology

Green Polymer Composites Technology Book
Author : Inamuddin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 1315354004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive introduction to "green" or environmentally friendly polymer composites developed using renewable polymers of natural origin such as starch, lignin, cellulose acetate, poly-lactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxylalkanoates (PHA), polyhydroxylbutyrate (PHB), etc., and the development of modern technologies for preparing green composites with various applications. The book also discusses major applications of green polymer composites in industries such as medicine, biotechnology, fine chemicals and engineering.

Polymer Microfluidic Fabrication and Packaging Technology

Polymer Microfluidic Fabrication and Packaging Technology Book
Author : Proyag Datta
Publisher : William Andrew Publishing
Release : 2011-02-01
ISBN : 9781437778090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses all aspects of polymer microfluidic manufacturing technology. It is a practical guide for anyone interested in fabricating application specific microfluidic devices, and a useful reference for the fabrications and post-processing technologies that are required to make chips functional. It explains how to fabricate prototype microdevices with a combination of sophisticated technology and hands on techniques, both essential for a researcher and scientist to capitalize on this technology. The manual skill required of any laboratory fabrication effort is discussed in detail, and is an area ignored by most books on the subject. Covers all applicable technologies for the fabrication of polymer microparts Discusses the applicability of each microfabrication technology, incl: process development methodology, casting, hot embossing, nano- and roll imprinting, injection molding, and future science Address packaging issues, including the oft-overlooked post processing of the finished product, cost issues, etc.

Innovations in Food Packaging

Innovations in Food Packaging Book
Author : Jung H. Han
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-03
ISBN : 0123948355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition of Innovations in Food Packaging ensures that readers have the most current information on food packaging options, including active packaging, intelligent packaging, edible/biodegradable packaging, nanocomposites and other options for package design. Today's packaging not only contains and protects food, but where possible and appropriate, it can assist in inventory control, consumer education, increased market availability and shelf life, and even in ensuring the safety of the food product. As nanotechnology and other technologies have developed, new and important options for maximizing the role of packaging have emerged. This book specifically examines the whole range of modern packaging options. It covers edible packaging based on carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids, antioxidative and antimicrobial packaging, and chemistry issues of food and food packaging, such as plasticization and polymer morphology. Professionals involved in food safety and shelf life, as well as researchers and students of food science, will find great value in this complete and updated overview. New to this edition: Over 60% updated content — including nine completely new chapters — with the latest developments in technology, processes and materials Now includes bioplastics, biopolymers, nanoparticles, and eco-design of packaging