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Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation

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TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation

TENR   Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Book
Author : Anselmo Salles Paschoa,F. Steinhausler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-12-31
ISBN : 9780080914183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-25
ISBN : 0309062977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Khalid Al Nabhani,Faisal Khan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-29
ISBN : 0128168269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry comprehensively discusses the TENORMs generated from various types of oil and gas processes and their associated adverse human health effects, effective TENORM waste management strategies, and the quantitative risk analysis. The book thoroughly investigates current knowledge, addressing the three main gaps identified in available studies: 1) Exposure to radioactivity, 2) High volume waste as a source of radiation exposure, and 3) A lack of uniform, international safety regulations. This book offers researchers, scientists and graduate and undergraduate students a comprehensive and well-researched reference that covers fundamental concepts, problem identification and solutions development. It is an ideal, comprehensive guideline for professionals involved in the oil and gas and nuclear industries who are concerned about radiological issues. Demystifies NORM and TENORM concepts and redefines TENORM from technical and nuclear scientific perspectives Addresses statistically representative data of quantitative risk assessment and dynamic accident modeling Stresses the need for legislation and consistency of safety standards relating to radiological risks posed by TENORM on health and the environment

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book
Author : Michael I Ojovan,William E. Lee
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-12-03
ISBN : 0080993931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Book
Author : R M Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-10-27
ISBN : 1839160446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Both genes and environment have profound effects upon our health. While some environmental factors such as polluted air are high in the public consciousness, there are many other pathways for people’s exposure to toxic chemicals, such as through food, water and contaminated land. It is not only chemicals that can affect health; environmental radioactivity, pathogenic organisms and our changing climate also have implications for public health, and all contribute to the global burden of disease, leading to both disability and deaths of millions of people annually across the world. An understanding of the pathways of environmental exposure, and its effects upon health is key to developing regulations and behaviours that reduce or prevent exposure, and the consequent impacts upon health. Covering topics from dietary exposure to chemicals through to the health effects of climate change, this book brings together contributors from around the world to highlight the latest science on the impacts of environmental pollutant exposure upon public health.

Technical Report on Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Southwestern Copper Belt of Arizona

Technical Report on Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Southwestern Copper Belt of Arizona Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Technical Report on Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Southwestern Copper Belt of Arizona book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Caused by Non uranium Mining

Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Caused by Non uranium Mining Book
Author : Central Mining Institute
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 199?
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Caused by Non uranium Mining book written by Central Mining Institute, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Natural Radiation Environment VII

The Natural Radiation Environment VII Book
Author : S. E. Simopoulos
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780080441375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Natural Radiation Environment Symposium (NRE VII), the Seventh in the NRE series, which commenced forty years ago in 1963 at Rice University Texas, was held in Rhodes (Greece) in May 2002. During the intervening four decades the research work presented at these NRE Symposia has contributed to a deeper understanding of natural radiation and in particular of its contribution to human radiation exposures. It is clear from the quality and diversity of the 143 papers in this volume of Radioactivity in the Environment series that the study of the natural radiation environment is an active and continually expanding field of research. The papers in this volume fall into a number of main and topical research areas namely: the measurement and behaviour of natural radionuclides in the environment cosmic radiation measurement and dosimetry the external penetrating radiation field at ground level TENR (Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation) and NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) studies assessment of the health effects of radon regulatory aspects of natural radiation exposures In these papers the results of many new surveys of natural radionuclide levels in the environment and of improved methods of detection are described. While some of the natural radiation sources investigated are unmodified by human activity, many accounts are given here of exposures to natural sources which have been enhanced by technology. Such TENR and NORM exposures are shown to range from activities such as mining, oil and gas exploitation, the use of industrial by-products as building materials, to space travel to name but a few. In several cases quite high doses to some individuals are shown to occur. Accounts are given here of methods to prevent and reduce exposures to such sources.

The Natural Radiation Environment VII

The Natural Radiation Environment VII Book
Author : J.P. McLaughlin,E.S. Simopoulos,F. Steinhäusler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-03-30
ISBN : 0080457916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Natural Radiation Environment Symposium (NRE VII), the Seventh in the NRE series, which commenced forty years ago in 1963 at Rice University Texas, was held in Rhodes (Greece) in May 2002. During the intervening four decades the research work presented at these NRE Symposia has contributed to a deeper understanding of natural radiation and in particular of its contribution to human radiation exposures. It is clear from the quality and diversity of the 143 papers in this volume of Radioactivity in the Environment series that the study of the natural radiation environment is an active and continually expanding field of research. The papers in this volume fall into a number of main and topical research areas namely: the measurement and behaviour of natural radionuclides in the environment cosmic radiation measurement and dosimetry the external penetrating radiation field at ground level TENR (Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation) and NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) studies assessment of the health effects of radon regulatory aspects of natural radiation exposures In these papers the results of many new surveys of natural radionuclide levels in the environment and of improved methods of detection are described. While some of the natural radiation sources investigated are unmodified by human activity, many accounts are given here of exposures to natural sources which have been enhanced by technology. Such TENR and NORM exposures are shown to range from activities such as mining, oil and gas exploitation, the use of industrial by-products as building materials, to space travel to name but a few. In several cases quite high doses to some individuals are shown to occur. Accounts are given here of methods to prevent and reduce exposures to such sources.

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Construction

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Construction Book
Author : Wouter Schroeyers
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-23
ISBN : 0081020082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Construction (COST Action NORM4Building) discusses the depletion of energy resources and raw materials and its huge impact not only on the building market, but also in the development of new synthetic building materials, whereby the reuse of various (waste) residue streams becomes a necessity. It is based on the outcome of COST Action TU 1301, where scientists, regulators, and representatives from industry have come together to present new findings, sharing knowledge, experiences, and technologies to stimulate research on the reuse of residues containing enhanced concentrates of natural radionuclides (NORM) in tailor-made building materials. Chapters address legislative issues, measurement, and assessment of building materials, physical and chemical aspects, from raw materials, to residues with enhanced concentrations of natural radionuclides (NORM), processes, building products containing NORM, and end-of-life and reuse requirements. Presents a holistic approach in developing new reuse pathways involving experts on different (technical, chemical, physical, ecological, economical and radiological) aspects of materials Provides practical guidance that address questions and comments regarding the EU-BSS standards linked to the processing of NORM in building materials Investigates realistic legislative scenarios Primarily aimed at industry and actors linked to the industry, but also researchers Contains a strong international network of expert authors and internal reviewers for each chapter

Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation

Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Book
Author : A. S. Paschoa,Friedrich Steinhäusler
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9780080449364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book
Author : Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials,Commission on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-08
ISBN : 9780309075091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book
Author : Michael I Ojovan,William E Lee,William E. Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080455716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste. The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass. The last chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of each matrix, and on new developments of ceramics and glass composite materials, thermochemical methods and in-situ metal matrix immobilisation. The book thoroughly covers all issues surrounding nuclear waste: from where to locate nuclear waste in the environment, through nuclear waste generation and sources, treatment schemes and technologies, immobilisation technologies and waste forms, disposal and long term behaviour. Particular attention is paid to internationally approved and worldwide-applied approaches and technologies. * Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilisation: Cement, bitumen, glass and new materials. * Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste – such as treatment schemes and technologies, and disposal - at the forefront.

Radiation Processed Polysaccharides

Radiation Processed Polysaccharides Book
Author : M. Naeem,Tariq Aftab,M. Masroor A. Khan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-11
ISBN : 0323886094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radiation-Processed Polysaccharides: Emerging Roles in Agriculture is the first book to focus exclusively on this emerging and important option for reducing the overuse and negative impact of agrochemicals in agriculture. Among practices being developed for effective and eco-friendly plant growth regulators in crop production, using radiation-processed polysaccharides (RPPs) is a promising technique. Comprised of chapters from diverse areas of plant science, including agriculture, agronomy, biotechnology, nanotechnology, molecular biology, and radiation agriculture, this book provides insights into the practical application of RPPs and inspires further research toward sustainable and efficient agricultural production. Polysaccharides (sodium alginate, carrageenan, chitosan and others) in their depolymerized state are increasingly important to agriculture based on their unique biological properties, biocompatibility, biodegradability and non-toxicity. Understanding the impact of RPPs on the plant phenotype, translocation of nutrients from source to sink, signal processing, and crosstalk helps improve the applicability of RPPs and sustainable agricultural yield. Presents the latest application of RPPs for improved plant production Includes insights for abiotic stress, biotechnology, nanotechnology and molecular application Explores the efficiency of natural polysaccharides as plant growth promoters

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book
Author : Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials,Commission on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-08
ISBN : 0309580706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Vlado Valkovic
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2019-07-15
ISBN : 9780444641465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactivity in the Environment, Second Edition presents the facts about the presence of both natural and man-made radionuclides in the environment. The many sources of ionizing radiation that can lead to human exposure are all discussed in this volume: natural sources; nuclear explosions; nuclear power generation; use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes; and radiation-emitting consumer products. In this thoroughly updated new edition, author Vlado Valkovic addresses the numerous developments that have occurred since the first edition published, including new developments in the fields of radioactive nuclides in nature and technologically modified exposure to natural radiation; new threats by terrorist individuals, groups, and countries; changes to the status of nuclear power in the world; and more. Additional new sections for the second edition: Radioisotopes in geo-prospecting and the oil industry The use of radiation in environmental protection Detector types and detectors used for personal dosimetry "Dirty Bomb" The Fukushima accident North Korea testing sites and nuclear capabilities. Includes details of analytical laboratory procedures for radioactivity measurement in different samples Features a new chapter on decontamination after radiation exposure Expands the discussion on nuclear fusion to cover ITER and other installations

Potential Radiation Exposure in Military Operations

Potential Radiation Exposure in Military Operations Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Battlefield Radiation Exposure Criteria
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-05-24
ISBN : 0309173027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1996, NATO issued guidance for the exposure of military personnel to radiation doses different from occupational dose levels, but not high enough to cause acute health effects-and in doing so set policy in a new arena. Scientific and technological developments now permit small groups or individuals to use, or threaten to use, destructive devices (nuclear, biological, chemical, and cyber-based weaponry, among others) targeted anywhere in the world. Political developments, such as the loss of political balance once afforded by competing superpowers, have increased the focus on regional and subregional disputes. What doctrine should guide decisionmaking regarding the potential exposure of troops to radiation in this changed theater of military operations? In 1995, the Office of the U.S. Army Surgeon General asked the Medical Follow-up Agency of the Institute of Medicine to provide advice. This report is the final product of the Committee on Battlefield Radiation Exposure Criteria convened for that purpose. In its 1997 interim report, Evaluation of Radiation Exposure Guidance for Military Operations, the committee addressed the technical aspects of the NATO directive. In this final report, the committee reiterates that discussion and places it in an ethical context.

Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation TENR II

Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation  TENR II  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation TENR II book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.