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Tdp 43 And Neurodegeneration From Bench To Bedside

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TDP 43 and Neurodegeneration

TDP 43 and Neurodegeneration Book
Author : Vijay Kumar,Manoj Kumar Jaiswal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-27
ISBN : 0128200669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aggregates of the TAR DNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43), are hallmark features of the neurodegenerative diseases Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), with overlapping clinical, genetic and pathological features. TDP-43 and Neurodegeneration: From Bench to Bedside summarizes new findings in TDP-43 pathobiology and proteinopathies. The book summarizes TDP-43's structure, function, biology, misfolding, aggregation, pathogenesis and therapeutics. It includes autophagy-mediated therapy, role of stress granule, novel genetic, cell culture-based models, systems biology for precision medicine, development of stem cells and mechanism-based therapies that can target ALS and other related neurodegenerative diseases. This book is written for neuroscientists, neurologists, clinicians, advanced graduate students, drug discovery researchers, as well as cellular and molecular biologists involved in ALS, motor neuron disease (MND) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Reviews TDP-43 structure, folding, function, and pathology Identifies TDP-43 role in ALS, FTP, and other neurodegenerative diseases Presents a systems and precision biology perspective of TDP-43 Discusses therapeutics of TDP-43 proteinopathies Translates bench research to application bedside

TDP 43 and Neurodegeneration

TDP 43 and Neurodegeneration Book
Author : Vijay Kumar,Manoj Kumar Jaiswal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-23
ISBN : 0128204400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aggregates of the TAR DNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43), are hallmark features of the neurodegenerative diseases Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), with overlapping clinical, genetic and pathological features. TDP-43 and Neurodegeneration: From Bench to Bedside summarizes new findings in TDP-43 pathobiology and proteinopathies. The book summarizes TDP-43’s structure, function, biology, misfolding, aggregation, pathogenesis and therapeutics. It includes autophagy-mediated therapy, role of stress granule, novel genetic, cell culture-based models, systems biology for precision medicine, development of stem cells and mechanism-based therapies that can target ALS and other related neurodegenerative diseases. This book is written for neuroscientists, neurologists, clinicians, advanced graduate students, drug discovery researchers, as well as cellular and molecular biologists involved in ALS, motor neuron disease (MND) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Reviews TDP-43 structure, folding, function, and pathology Identifies TDP-43 role in ALS, FTP, and other neurodegenerative diseases Presents a systems and precision biology perspective of TDP-43 Discusses therapeutics of TDP-43 proteinopathies Translates bench research to application bedside

Advanced Understanding of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Advanced Understanding of Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Raymond Chuen-Chung Chang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-12-16
ISBN : 9533075295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Understanding of Neurodegenerative Diseases focuses on different types of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, different tauopathies, Parkinson's disease, prion disease, motor neuron diseases such as multiple sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy. This book provides a clear explanation of different neurodegenerative diseases with new concepts of understand the etiology, pathological mechanisms, drug screening methodology and new therapeutic interventions. Other chapters discuss how hormones and health food supplements affect disease progression of neurodegenerative diseases. From a more technical point of view, some chapters deal with the aggregation of prion proteins in prion diseases. An additional chapter to discuss application of stem cells. This book is suitable for different readers: college students can use it as a textbook; researchers in academic institutions and pharmaceutical companies can take it as updated research information; health care professionals can take it as a reference book, even patients' families, relatives and friends can take it as a good basis to understand neurodegenerative diseases.

Stem Cell Therapy for Organ Failure

Stem Cell Therapy for Organ Failure Book
Author : Indumathi Somasundaram
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-02
ISBN : 8132221109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book “STEM CELL THERAPY FOR ORGAN FAILURES” edited by Dr. S. Indumathi demonstrates the In Vitro and In vivo therapeutic strategies and applications of pre- and post-natal stem cells for treating the failures of various organ systems of our body in a wide perspective. It explores the past, present and the futuristic approach of the exciting field of stem cells and its intriguing properties involved in tissue repair and regeneration. The prime focus of this volume is to unravel the basic, advanced, therapeutic and translational approaches put-forth so far in the field of stem cells and regenerative medicine at research, pre-clinical and clinical levels. Stem cells has ushered in widespread interest and exciting possibilities for cell based therapies, albeit failures do prevail and small uncontrolled phase I/II studies are only signals generating, rather than definite proof of concept thereby limiting its applicability in curative therapeutics. Despite certain initiatives and meticulous untiring efforts, bringing this basic bench side research into advanced transitional bedside remained a challenge. Thus, this book embarked upon the expanding researches in these areas that seem decisive in improvising regenerative medical therapeutics, thereby leading to further path-breaking studies that cure all health challenges facing mankind. Overall, this book reveals the imperativeness of various stem cell sources and its utility in curative therapeutics.

Geriatric Neurology

Geriatric Neurology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-12-18
ISBN : 0128051418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geriatric Neurology, Volume 167, serves as an update on the basic biological and behavioral mechanisms underlying the aging process, with an emphasis on neurological aging and state-of-the-art reviews on our understanding of vascular, cognitive, neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases in the elderly. Developed with an eye to providing both the basic underpinnings of age-related changes and the clinical information necessary to aid in diagnostics and treatment, the book serves as a useful volume for students, basic and translational scientists, and practicing clinicians on how to understand and treat common neurological disorders in the elderly. Reviews the foundations of geriatric neurology, including the fundamentals of age associated changes in molecular biology, altered pharmacokinetics and psychopharmacology that make drug therapy in the elderly different from younger patients Contains major advances in our understanding of neurodegenerative diseases Features contributions from world leaders in geriatric neurology–the broadest, most expert coverage available

Pathobiology of Human Disease

Pathobiology of Human Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-08-01
ISBN : 0123864577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pathobiology of Human Disease bridges traditional morphologic and clinical pathology, molecular pathology, and the underlying basic science fields of cell biology, genetics, and molecular biology, which have opened up a new era of research in pathology and underlie the molecular basis of human disease. The work spans more than 48 different biological and medical fields, in five basic sections: Human Organ Systems Molecular Pathology/Basic Mechanisms of Diseases Animal Models/Other Model Systems Experimental Pathology Clinical Pathology Each article provides a comprehensive overview of the selected topic to inform a broad spectrum of readers from research professionals to advanced undergraduate students. Reviews quantitative advances in the imaging and molecular analysis of human tissue, new microarray technologies for analysis of genetic and chromosomal alterations in normal and diseased cells and tissues, and new transgenic models of human disease using conditional, tissue-specific gene targeting Articles link through to relevant virtual microscopy slides, illustrating side-by-side presentation of "Normal" and "Disease" anatomy and histology images Fully-annotated with many supplementary full color images, graphs, tables, and video files linked to data sets and to live references, enabling researchers to delve deeper and visualize solutions

RNA Metabolism in Neurodegenerative Diseases

RNA Metabolism in Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Rita Sattler,Christopher J. Donnelly
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-18
ISBN : 331989689X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has become evident over the last years that abnormalities in RNA processing play a fundamental part in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Cellular viability depends on proper regulation of RNA metabolism and subsequent protein synthesis, which requires the interplay of many processes including transcription, pre--‐mRNA splicing, mRNA editing as well as mRNA stability, transport and translation. Dysfunction in any of these processes, often caused by mutations in the coding and non--‐ coding RNAs, can be very destructive to the cellular environment and consequently impair neural viability. The result of this RNA toxicity can lead to a toxic gain of function or a loss of function, depending on the nature of the mutation. For example, in repeat expansion disorders, such as the newly discovered hexanucleotide repeat expansion in theC9orf72 gene found in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a toxic gain of function leads to the formation of RNA foci and the sequestration of RNA binding proteins (RBPs). This in return leads to a loss of function of those RBPs, which is hypothesized to play a significant part in the disease progression of ALS and FTD. Other toxicities arising from repeat expansions are the formation of RNA foci, bi--‐directional transcription and production of repeat associated non--‐ATG (RAN) translation products. This book will touch upon most of these disease mechanisms triggered by aberrant RNA metabolism and will therefore provide a broad perspective of the role of RNA processing and its dysfunction in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders, including ALS, FTD, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, spinal muscular atrophy, myotonic dystrophy and ataxias. The proposed authors are leading scientists in the field and are expected to not only discuss their own work, but to be inclusive of historic as well as late breaking discoveries. The compiled chapters will therefore provide a unique collection of novel studies and hypotheses aimed to describe the consequences of altered RNA processing events and its newest molecular players and pathways.

Spectrums of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Spectrums of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Book
Author : Christopher A. Shaw,Jessia R. Morrice
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-04
ISBN : 1119745519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

SPECTRUMS OF AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS Discover state-of-the-art research findings on ALS from leading authors and editors in the field In Spectrums of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Heterogeneity, Pathogenesis & Therapeutic Directions, distinguished researchers and editors Dr. Christopher A. Shaw and Jessica R. Morrice deliver a practical and powerful perspective on Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) as a heterogeneous spectrum of disorders. This increasingly accepted point-of-view allows researchers and medical professionals to develop better targeted interventions and more precise therapies. In the book, readers will find chapters on a wide variety of critical issues facing ALS researchers and healthcare practitioners treating ALS sufferers, including animal models of ALS, neuronal support cells known to have a pivotal role in ALS, and current challenges in ALS clinical trials, among others. The authors describe pathologic features common to all cases of ALS and why animal models, though crucial, should be interpreted with caution. Finally, multiple genetic and environmental etiologies of the disease are discussed. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to ALS as a spectrum disease and the implications for models, therapeutic development and clinical trial design Explorations of the genetic basis of ALS, prospective sALS etiologies, and the involvement of microbiome in ALS Discussions of ALS-PDC and environmental risk factors, protein aggregation in ALS, defects in RNA metabolism in ALS, and the non-cell autonomous nature of ALS and the involvement of glial cells Examinations of animal models of ALS and perspectives on previously failed ALS therapeutics and current therapeutic strategies Perfect for clinical neurologists, healthcare providers and caretakers, clinicians, and researchers studying motor neuron disease, Spectrums of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Heterogeneity, Pathogenesis & Therapeutic Directions is also an indispensable resource for the neurodegenerative research community, neurology residents, and graduate-level neuroscience students.

Neuroprotection in Alzheimer s Disease

Neuroprotection in Alzheimer s Disease Book
Author : Illana Gozes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-30
ISBN : 0128037121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroprotection in Alzheimer’s Disease offers a translational point-of-view from both basic and clinical standpoints, putting it on the cusp for further clinical development with its emphasis on nerve cell protection, including the accumulation of knowledge from failed clinical trials and new advances in disease management. This book brings together the latest findings, both basic, and clinical, under the same cover, making it easy for the reader to obtain a complete overview of the state-of-the-field and beyond. Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia, accounting for 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases. It is a progressive brain disease that slowly destroys memory, thinking skills, and eventually, even the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. It is characterized by death of synapses coupled to death nerve cells and brain degeneration which is manifested by loss of cognitive abilities. Understanding neuroprotection in Alzheimer’s disease will pave the path to better disease management and novel therapeutics. Comprehensive reference detailing neuroprotection in Alzheimer’s Disease, with details on nerve cell protection and new advances in disease management Combines the knowledge and points-of-view of both medical doctors and basic scientists, putting the subject at the forefront for further clinical development Edited by one of the leading researchers in Alzheimer’s Disease

Current Advances in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Current Advances in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Book
Author : Alvaro Estévez
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-09-11
ISBN : 9535111957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our understanding of the pathology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a continuously changing field. New hypotheses are generated with each new discovery; they are abandoned to be reanalyzed after some time under the light of new observations. This book present a series of reviews from experts in different aspects of the disease focus on these hypotheses. There are also a few review chapters providing clear examples of these new observations that make the field to reanalyze previous conclusions.

Pathology Prevention and Therapeutics of Neurodegenerative Disease

Pathology  Prevention and Therapeutics of Neurodegenerative Disease Book
Author : Sarika Singh,Neeraj Joshi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-24
ISBN : 9811309442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, written by a leading panel of experts in the field of neurosciences, provides a comprehensive overview of the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases as well as the preventive measures. Prevention is important due to the lack of early diagnostic markers and the limitations/ problems of treating neurodegenerative diseases

Tau oligomers

Tau oligomers Book
Author : Jesus Avila,Naruhiko Sahara
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-08-18
ISBN : 288919261X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) composed of intracellular aggregates of tau protein are a key neuropathological feature of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases, collectively termed tauopathies. The abundance of NFTs has been reported to correlate positively with the severity of cognitive impairment in AD. However, accumulating evidences derived from studies of experimental models have identified that NFTs themselves may not be neurotoxic. Now, many of tau researchers are seeking a “toxic” form of tau protein. Moreover, it was suggested that a “toxic” tau was capable to seed aggregation of native tau protein and to propagate in a prion-like manner. However, the exact neurotoxic tau species remain unclear. Because mature tangles seem to be non-toxic component, “tau oligomers” as the candidate of “toxic” tau have been investigated for more than one decade. In this topic, we will discuss our consensus of “tau oligomers” because the term of “tau oligomers” [e.g. dimer (disulfide bond-dependent or independent), multimer (more than dimer), granular (definition by EM or AFM) and maybe small filamentous aggregates] has been used by each researchers definition. From a biochemical point of view, tau protein has several unique characteristics such as natively unfolded conformation, thermo-stability, acid-stability, and capability of post-translational modifications. Although tau protein research has been continued for a long time, we are still missing the mechanisms of NFT formation. It is unclear how the conversion is occurred from natively unfolded protein to abnormally mis-folded protein. It remains unknown how tau protein can be formed filaments [e.g. paired helical filament (PHF), straight filament and twisted filament] in cells albeit in vitro studies confirmed tau self-assembly by several inducing factors. Researchers are still debating whether tau oligomerization is primary event rather than tau phosphorylation in the tau pathogenesis. Inhibition of either tau phosphorylation or aggregation has been investigated for the prevention of tauopathies, however, it will make an irrelevant result if we don’t know an exact target of neurotoxicity. It is a time to have a consensus of definition, terminology and methodology for the identification of “tau oligomers”.

Human and Animal Models for Translational Research on Neurodegeneration Challenges and Opportunities From South America

Human and Animal Models for Translational Research on Neurodegeneration  Challenges and Opportunities From South America Book
Author : Agustín Ibáñez,Lucas Sedeño,Adolfo M. García,Robert M.J. Deacon,Patricia Cogram
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-06-21
ISBN : 2889454940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurodegenerative diseases are the most frequent cause of dementia, representing a burden for public health systems (especially in middle and middle-high income countries). Although most research on this issue is concentrated in first-world centers, growing efforts in South America are affording important breakthroughs. This emerging agenda poses new challenges for the region but also new opportunities for the field. This book aims to integrate the community of experts across the globe and the region, and to establish new challenges and developments for future investigation. We present research focused on neurodegenerative research in South America. We introduce studies assessing the interplay among genetic, neural, and behavioral dimensions of these diseases, as well as articles on vulnerability factors, comparisons of findings from various countries, and works promoting multicenter and collaborative networking. More generally, our book covers a broad scope of human-research approaches (behavioral assessment, neuroimaging, electromagnetic techniques, brain connectivity, peripheral measures), animal methodologies (genetics, epigenetics, proteomics, metabolomics, other molecular biology tools), species (all human and non-human animals, sporadic, and genetic versions), and article types (original research, review, and opinion papers). Through this wide-ranging proposal, we hope to introduce a fresh approach to the challenges and opportunities of research on neurodegeneration in South America.

Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Book
Author : David Oliver,Gian Domenico Borasio,Wendy Johnston
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199686025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides an evidence-based guide to the care of people with ALS/MND, including the control of symptoms, the psychosocial care of patients and their families, and care in bereavement.

Magnesium in the Central Nervous System

Magnesium in the Central Nervous System Book
Author : Robert Vink,Mihai Nechifor
Publisher : University of Adelaide Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987073052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The brain is the most complex organ in our body. Indeed, it is perhaps the most complex structure we have ever encountered in nature. Both structurally and functionally, there are many peculiarities that differentiate the brain from all other organs. The brain is our connection to the world around us and by governing nervous system and higher function, any disturbance induces severe neurological and psychiatric disorders that can have a devastating effect on quality of life. Our understanding of the physiology and biochemistry of the brain has improved dramatically in the last two decades. In particular, the critical role of cations, including magnesium, has become evident, even if incompletely understood at a mechanistic level. The exact role and regulation of magnesium, in particular, remains elusive, largely because intracellular levels are so difficult to routinely quantify. Nonetheless, the importance of magnesium to normal central nervous system activity is self-evident given the complicated homeostatic mechanisms that maintain the concentration of this cation within strict limits essential for normal physiology and metabolism. There is also considerable accumulating evidence to suggest alterations to some brain functions in both normal and pathological conditions may be linked to alterations in local magnesium concentration. This book, containing chapters written by some of the foremost experts in the field of magnesium research, brings together the latest in experimental and clinical magnesium research as it relates to the central nervous system. It offers a complete and updated view of magnesiums involvement in central nervous system function and in so doing, brings together two main pillars of contemporary neuroscience research, namely providing an explanation for the molecular mechanisms involved in brain function, and emphasizing the connections between the molecular changes and behavior. It is the untiring efforts of those magnesium researchers who have dedicated their lives to unraveling the mysteries of magnesiums role in biological systems that has inspired the collation of this volume of work.

Brain Transcriptome

Brain Transcriptome Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-08-27
ISBN : 0128013192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. This volume, concentrates on the brain transcriptome. Brings together cutting-edge research on the brain transcriptome

The Role of Mitochondria Oxidative Stress and Altered Calcium Homeostasis in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis From Current Developments in the Laboratory to Clinical Treatments

The Role of Mitochondria  Oxidative Stress and Altered Calcium Homeostasis in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  From Current Developments in the Laboratory to Clinical Treatments Book
Author : Manoj Kumar Jaiswal
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-04-17
ISBN : 2889451461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive, devastating and fatal disease characterized by selective loss of upper and lower motor neurons of the cerebral cortex, brainstem, spinal cord and muscle atrophy. In spite of many years of research, the pathogenesis of ALS is still not well understood. ALS is a multifaceted genetic disease, in which genetic susceptibility to motor neuron death interacts with environmental factors and there is still no cure for this deleterious disease. At present, there is only one FDA approved drug, Riluzole which according to past studies only modestly slows the progression of the disease, and improves survival by up to three months. The suffering of the ALS patients, and their families is enormous and the economic burden is colossal. There is therefore a pressing need for new therapies. Different molecular pathways and pathological mechanisms have been implicated in ALS. According to past studies, altered calcium homeostasis, abnormal mitochondrial function, protein misfolding, axonal transport defects, excessive production of extracellular superoxide radicals, glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity, inflammatory events, and activation of oxidative stress pathways within the mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum can act as major contributor that eventually leads to loss of connection between muscle and nerve ultimately resulting to ALS. However, the detailed molecular and cellular pathophysiological mechanisms and origin and temporal progression of the disease still remained elusive. Ongoing research and future advances will likely advance our improve understanding about various involved pathological mechanism ultimately leading to discoveries of new therapeutic cures. Importantly, clinical biomarkers of disease onset and progression are thus also urgently needed to support the development of the new therapeutic agents and novel preventive and curative strategies. Effective translation from pre-clinical to clinical studies will further require extensive knowledge regarding drug activity, bioavailability and efficacy in both the pre-clinical and clinical setting, and proof of biological activity in the target tissue. During the last decades, the development of new therapeutic molecules, advance neuroimaging tools, patient derived induced stem cells and new precision medicine approaches to study ALS has significantly improved our understanding of disease. In particular, new genetic tools, neuroimaging methods, cellular probes, biomarker study and molecular techniques that achieve high spatiotemporal resolution have revealed new details about the disease onset and its progression. In our effort to provide the interested reader, clinician and researchers a comprehensive summaries and new findings in this field of ALS research, hereby we have created this electronic book which comprises of twenty seven chapters having various reviews, perspective and original research articles. All these chapters and articles in this book not only summarize the cutting-edge techniques, approaches, cell and animal models to study ALS but also provide unprecedented coverage of the current developments and new hypothesis emerging in ALS research. Some examples are novel genetic and cell culture based models, mitochondria-mediated therapy, oxidative stress and ROS mechanism, development of stem cells and mechanism-based therapies as well as novel biomarkers for designing and testing effective therapeutic strategies that can benefit ALS patients who are at the earlier stages in the disease. I am extremely grateful to all the contributors to this book and want to thank them for their phenomenal efforts. Manoj Kumar Jaiswal, Ph.D. February 5, 2017 New York, NY

Brain Neurotrauma

Brain Neurotrauma Book
Author : Firas H. Kobeissy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-02-25
ISBN : 1466565993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every year, an estimated 1.7 million Americans sustain brain injury. Long-term disabilities impact nearly half of moderate brain injury survivors and nearly 50,000 of these cases result in death. Brain Neurotrauma: Molecular, Neuropsychological, and Rehabilitation Aspects provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account on the latest developments in the area of neurotrauma, including brain injury pathophysiology, biomarker research, experimental models of CNS injury, diagnostic methods, and neurotherapeutic interventions as well as neurorehabilitation strategies in the field of neurotraum research. The book includes several sections on neurotrauma mechanisms, biomarker discovery, neurocognitive/neurobehavioral deficits, and neurorehabilitation and treatment approaches. It also contains a section devoted to models of mild CNS injury, including blast and sport-related injuries. Over the last decade, the field of neurotrauma has witnessed significant advances, especially at the molecular, cellular, and behavioral levels. This progress is largely due to the introduction of novel techniques, as well as the development of new animal models of central nervous system (CNS) injury. This book, with its diverse coherent content, gives you insight into the diverse and heterogeneous aspects of CNS pathology and/or rehabilitation needs.

Nutrition and Traumatic Brain Injury

Nutrition and Traumatic Brain Injury Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Nutrition, Trauma, and the Brain
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-07-01
ISBN : 0309210089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for up to one-third of combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to some estimates. TBI is also a major problem among civilians, especially those who engage in certain sports. At the request of the Department of Defense, the IOM examined the potential role of nutrition in the treatment of and resilience against TBI.

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury Book
Author : Daniel Laskowitz,Gerald Grant
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1498766579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant source of death and permanent disability, contributing to nearly one-third of all injury related deaths in the United States and exacting a profound personal and economic toll. Despite the increased resources that have recently been brought to bear to improve our understanding of TBI, the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches has been disappointingly slow. Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury attempts to integrate expertise from across specialties to address knowledge gaps in the field of TBI. Its chapters cover a wide scope of TBI research in five broad areas: Epidemiology Pathophysiology Diagnosis Current treatment strategies and sequelae Future therapies Specific topics discussed include the societal impact of TBI in both the civilian and military populations, neurobiology and molecular mechanisms of axonal and neuronal injury, biomarkers of traumatic brain injury and their relationship to pathology, neuroplasticity after TBI, neuroprotective and neurorestorative therapy, advanced neuroimaging of mild TBI, neurocognitive and psychiatric symptoms following mild TBI, sports-related TBI, epilepsy and PTSD following TBI, and more. The book integrates the perspectives of experts across disciplines to assist in the translation of new ideas to clinical practice and ultimately to improve the care of the brain injured patient.