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Taxonomic Guide To Infectious Diseases

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Taxonomic Guide to Infectious Diseases

Taxonomic Guide to Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-31
ISBN : 012817577X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taxonomic Guide to Infectious Diseases: Understanding the Biologic Classes of Pathogenic Organisms, Second Edition tackles the complexity of clinical microbiology by assigning every infectious organism to one of 40+ taxonomic classes and providing a description of the defining traits that apply to all the organisms within each class. This edition is an updated, revised and greatly expanded guide to the classes of organisms that infect humans. This book will provide students and clinicians alike with a simplified way to understand the complex fields of clinical microbiology and parasitology. Focuses on human disease processes and includes numerous clinical tips for healthcare providers Describes the principles of classification and explains why the science of taxonomy is vital to the fields of bioinformatics and modern disease research Provides images of prototypical organisms for taxonomic classes Includes a section that lists common taxonomic pitfalls and how they can be avoided

Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences

Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 0128213620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All too often, individuals engaged in the biomedical sciences assume that numeric data must be left to the proper authorities (e.g., statisticians and data analysts) who are trained to apply sophisticated mathematical algorithms to sets of data. This is a terrible mistake. Individuals with keen observational skills, regardless of their mathematical training, are in the best position to draw correct inferences from their own data and to guide the subsequent implementation of robust, mathematical analyses. Volume 2 of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences provides readers with a repertoire of deductive non-mathematical methods that will help them draw useful inferences from their own data. Volumes 1 and 2 of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences are written for biomedical scientists and college-level students engaged in any of the life sciences, including bioinformatics and related data sciences. Demonstrates that a great deal can be deduced from quantitative data, without applying any statistical or mathematical analyses Provides readers with simple techniques for quickly reviewing and finding important relationships hidden within large and complex sets of data Using examples drawn from the biomedical literature, discusses common pitfalls in data interpretation and how they can be avoided

Evolution s Clinical Guidebook

Evolution s Clinical Guidebook Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-25
ISBN : 0128171278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolution's Clinical Guidebook: Translating Ancient Genes into Precision Medicine demonstrates, through well-documented examples, how an understanding of the phylogenetic ancestry of humans allows us to make sense out of the flood of genetic data streaming from modern laboratories and how it can lead us to new ways to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases. Topics cover evolution and human genome, meiosis and other recombinants events, embryology, speciation, phylogeny, rare and common diseases, and the evolution of aging. This book is a valuable source for bioinformaticians and those in the biomedical field who need knowledge, down to gene level, to fully comprehend currently available data. Offers an innovative approach, focusing on how disease-associated pathways evolved Explains how the fields of phylogeny and embryology have become closely tied to the fields of genetics and bioinformatics Demonstrates how students and biomedical professionals can apply the knowledge obtained in this book to the theory and practice of precision medicine

Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences

Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 012821371X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science is not a collection of facts. Science is the process by which we draw inferences from facts. Volume I of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences invites readers to linger over a collection of common observations to see what inferences can be drawn, when one applies a bit of deductive logic. If we just think about what we observe, it is often possible to discover profound biomedical insights. Volumes 1 and 2 of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences are written for biomedical scientists and college-level students engaged in any of the life sciences, including bioinformatics and related data sciences. Provides a strong introduction to deductive methods that can be directly applied to the biomedical sciences Using hundreds of examples, shows how creative scientists draw important inferences from observations that are often ignored by their peers Discusses complex biological and medical concepts in a relaxed manner, intended to focus the reader’s attention on the deductive process, without dwelling excessively on details

Data Simplification

Data Simplification Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2016-03-10
ISBN : 0128038543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Simplification: Taming Information With Open Source Tools addresses the simple fact that modern data is too big and complex to analyze in its native form. Data simplification is the process whereby large and complex data is rendered usable. Complex data must be simplified before it can be analyzed, but the process of data simplification is anything but simple, requiring a specialized set of skills and tools. This book provides data scientists from every scientific discipline with the methods and tools to simplify their data for immediate analysis or long-term storage in a form that can be readily repurposed or integrated with other data. Drawing upon years of practical experience, and using numerous examples and use cases, Jules Berman discusses the principles, methods, and tools that must be studied and mastered to achieve data simplification, open source tools, free utilities and snippets of code that can be reused and repurposed to simplify data, natural language processing and machine translation as a tool to simplify data, and data summarization and visualization and the role they play in making data useful for the end user. Discusses data simplification principles, methods, and tools that must be studied and mastered Provides open source tools, free utilities, and snippets of code that can be reused and repurposed to simplify data Explains how to best utilize indexes to search, retrieve, and analyze textual data Shows the data scientist how to apply ontologies, classifications, classes, properties, and instances to data using tried and true methods

Principles and Practice of Big Data

Principles and Practice of Big Data Book
Author : Jules J Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-07-23
ISBN : 0128156104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles and Practice of Big Data: Preparing, Sharing, and Analyzing Complex Information, Second Edition updates and expands on the first edition, bringing a set of techniques and algorithms that are tailored to Big Data projects. The book stresses the point that most data analyses conducted on large, complex data sets can be achieved without the use of specialized suites of software (e.g., Hadoop), and without expensive hardware (e.g., supercomputers). The core of every algorithm described in the book can be implemented in a few lines of code using just about any popular programming language (Python snippets are provided). Through the use of new multiple examples, this edition demonstrates that if we understand our data, and if we know how to ask the right questions, we can learn a great deal from large and complex data collections. The book will assist students and professionals from all scientific backgrounds who are interested in stepping outside the traditional boundaries of their chosen academic disciplines. Presents new methodologies that are widely applicable to just about any project involving large and complex datasets Offers readers informative new case studies across a range scientific and engineering disciplines Provides insights into semantics, identification, de-identification, vulnerabilities and regulatory/legal issues Utilizes a combination of pseudocode and very short snippets of Python code to show readers how they may develop their own projects without downloading or learning new software

Precision Medicine and the Reinvention of Human Disease

Precision Medicine and the Reinvention of Human Disease Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-26
ISBN : 0128143940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite what you may have read in the popular press and in social media, Precision Medicine is not devoted to finding unique treatments for individuals, based on analyzing their DNA. To the contrary, the goal of Precision Medicine is to find general treatments that are highly effective for large numbers of individuals who fall into precisely diagnosed groups. We now know that every disease develops over time, through a sequence of defined biological steps, and that these steps may differ among individuals, based on genetic and environmental conditions. We are currently developing rational therapies and preventive measures, based on our precise understanding of the steps leading to the clinical expression of diseases. Precision Medicine and the Reinvention of Human Disease explains the scientific breakthroughs that have changed the way that we understand diseases, and reveals how medical scientists are using this new knowledge to launch a medical revolution. Clarifies the foundational concepts of Precision Medicine, distinguishing this field from its predecessors such as genomics, pharmacogenetics, and personalized medicine. Gathers the chief conceptual advances in the fields of genetics, pathology, and bioinformatics, and synthesizes a coherent narrative for the field of Precision Medicine. Delivers its message in plain language, and in a relaxed, conversational writing style, making it easy to understand the complex subject matter. Guides the reader through a coherent and logical narrative, gradually providing expertise and skills along the way. Covers the importance of data sharing in Precision Medicine, and the many data-related challenges that confront this fragile new field.

The Bifidobacteria and Related Organisms

The Bifidobacteria and Related Organisms Book
Author : Paola Mattarelli,Bruno Biavati,Wilhelm H. Holzapfel,Brian JB Wood
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-20
ISBN : 0128052090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Bifidobacteria and Related Organisms: Biology, Taxonomy, Applications brings together authoritative reviews on all aspects of Bifidobacteria and related genera. Their place within the Phylum Actinobacteria is discussed first, and this is followed by descriptions of the genera Bifidobacterium, Alloscardovia, Aeriscardovia, Bombiscardovia, Gardnerella, Metascardovia, Parascardovia and Scardovia and the currently accredited species within those genera. The increased availability of genome sequences and molecular tools for studying bifidobacteria provides important information about their taxonomy, physiology and interactions with their host. Also considerations about common bifidobacterial core maintenance during the mutual coevolution of a host and its intestinal microbes could be relevant for health claims for the ability of symbiotic gut bacteria to provide health benefits to their host, and for evaluating such claims in scientifically valid experiments. Chemotaxonomy is important to our understanding of these genera and so is considered along with physiological and biochemical aspects before proceeding to examine clinical and other practical aspects. The ability to maintain pure cultures and to grow cells in industrial quantities when required for applications requires that the cells’ environmental and nutritional needs are well understood. Some species are important clinically and as animal digestive tract synbionts—and even play a part in honey production—so these matters are considered along with milk oligosaccharides’ roles in gut flora development in neonates. Presents information on all bacteria in this group in one place Provides applications and technological considerations placed alongside more academic matters such as nomenclature and phylogeny Includes basic information on the beneficial role of bifidobacteria in the human gut, with particular importance for infants Provides information on genomic and gene modification technologies

Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs

Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-26
ISBN : 0124200095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs shows that much of what we now know about common diseases has been achieved by studying rare diseases. It proposes that future advances in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of common diseases will come as a consequence of our accelerating progress in the field of rare diseases. Understanding the complex steps in the development of common diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic diseases, has proven a difficult problem. Rare diseases, however, are often caused by aberrations of a single gene. In rare diseases, we may study how specific genetic defects can trigger a series of events that lead to the expression of a particular disease. Often, the disease process manifested in a certain rare disease is strikingly similar to the disease process observed in a common disease. This work ties the lessons learned about rare diseases to our understanding of common ones. Chapters covering the number of common diseases are minimized, while rare diseases are introduced as single diseases or as members of diseases classes. After reading this book, readers will appreciate how further research into the rare diseases may lead to new methods for preventing, diagnosing, and treating all diseases, rare or common. Makes rare diseases relevant to clinicians and researchers by tying lessons learned about the rare diseases to our understanding of the common diseases Stresses basic pathologic mechanisms that account for human disease (e.g., disorders of cell development, replication, maintenance, function and structure), that can be understood without prior training in pathology Discusses advanced concepts in molecular biology and genetics in a simple, functional context appropriate for medical trainees and new researchers Offers insights into how further research into rare diseases may lead to new methods for preventing, diagnosing, and treating all diseases.

Biomedical Informatics

Biomedical Informatics Book
Author : Andreas Holzinger
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-06
ISBN : 3319045288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a broad overview of the topic Bioinformatics with focus on data, information and knowledge. From data acquisition and storage to visualization, ranging through privacy, regulatory and other practical and theoretical topics, the author touches several fundamental aspects of the innovative interface between Medical and Technology domains that is Biomedical Informatics. Each chapter starts by providing a useful inventory of definitions and commonly used acronyms for each topic and throughout the text, the reader finds several real-world examples, methodologies and ideas that complement the technical and theoretical background. This new edition includes new sections at the end of each chapter, called "future outlook and research avenues," providing pointers to future challenges. At the beginning of each chapter a new section called "key problems", has been added, where the author discusses possible traps and unsolvable or major problems.

Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diseases

Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Phillip Petersen
Publisher : Independently Published
Release : 2019-04-03
ISBN : 9781092516686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

-Details of causative agents, clinical and laboratory diagnosis, management, prophylaxis, prevention and control of clinical conditions, diseases and syndromes, organised by organ system-Descriptions of medically important microorganisms, including taxonomy, identification, conditions caused, diagnosis and management, organised by taxonomic order-A systematic description of agents used in treatment, including basic characteristics, uses, side-effects and contraindications, and other relevant details-A guide to important laboratory procedures, identification of bacteria and significance of isolates

A Trends Guide to Infectious Diseases

A Trends Guide to Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Paul Hagan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Trends Guide to Infectious Diseases book written by Paul Hagan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts

NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Yeasts and Algae

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Yeasts and Algae Book
Author : Gideon Informatics, Inc.,Dr. Stephen Berger
Publisher : GIDEON Informatics Inc
Release : 2021-03-01
ISBN : 1498829619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Yeasts and Algae summarizes the status of 130 taxa of yeasts and algae identified in clinical material. Chapters are arranged alphabetically, by taxon (organism name). Each chapter is divided into the following sections: Distinguishing phenotypic characteristics Ecology and relevance to human disease Drug susceptibility where relevant Synonyms and prior taxonomic designations Phenotype This is one in a series of GIDEON ebooks which explore all individual infectious diseases, drugs, vaccines, outbreaks, surveys and pathogens in every country of the world. Data are based on the GIDEON web application (www.gideononline.com) which relies on standard textbooks and peer-review journals, supplemented by an ongoing search of the medical literature.

Infectious Diseases E Book

Infectious Diseases E Book Book
Author : Jonathan Cohen,William G Powderly,Steven M. Opal
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2016-06-10
ISBN : 070206338X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drs. Cohen, Powderly and Opal, three of the most-respected names in infectious disease medicine, lead a diverse team of international contributors to bring you the latest knowledge and best practices. Extensively updated, the fourth edition includes brand-new information on advances in diagnosis of infection; Hepatitis C; managing resistant bacterial infections; and many other timely topics. An abundance of photographs and illustrations; a practical, clinically-focused style; highly-templated organization; and robust interactive content combine to make this clinician-friendly resource the fastest and best place to find all of the authoritative, current information you need. Hundreds of full-color photographs and figures provide unparalleled visual guidance. Consistent chapter organization and colorful layouts make for quick searches. Clinically-focused guidance from "Practice Points" demonstrates how to diagnose and treat complicated problems encountered in practice. The "Syndromes by Body System", "HIV and AIDS", and "International Medicine" sections are designed to reflect how practicing specialists think when faced with a patient. Sweeping updates include new or revised chapters on: Hepatitis C and antivirals Fungal infection and newer antifungals Microbiome and infectious diseases as well as advances in diagnosis of infection; Clostridium difficile epidemiology; infection control in the ICU setting; Chlamydia trachomatis infection; acquired syndromes associated with autoantibodies to cytokines;; management of multidrug resistant pathogens; probiotics, polymyxins, and the pathway to developing new antibiotics HIV including HIV and aging, antiretroviral therapy in developing countries, and cure for HIV

Emerging Infectious Diseases

Emerging Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Emerging Infectious Diseases book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Taxonomy and Ecology of Indian Fungi

Taxonomy and Ecology of Indian Fungi Book
Author : K. G. Mukerji,C. Manoharachary
Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 9380026927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungal world embodies diversified groups which colonize, multiply and survive in nature on many macro- and micro-ecological niches and substrates. Fungi are eukaryotic, achlorophyllous, filamentous or unicellular living organisms which are ubiquitous and cosmopolitan in distribution. Of the estimated 1.5 million fungal species, more than 98,000 fungal species have been described. Approximately 28,000 fungal species are reported from India. The fungi play an important role in biodegradation, recycling of organic matter, pharmaceutical industries, agriculture, medicine, industry, bioremediation, waste management and other activities. In India hardly we have database but for few a books on Indian fungi, compiled from time to time by some mycologists. The present book includes 16 chapters contributed by eminent mycologists. Chapters include data on diversity, taxonomy, ecology and application of Helicosporous fungi, genus Spegazzinia, Rusts and Smuts, Chaetomiaceae, Macrophomina, Rhizoctonia, Russula, wild edible fungi, poisonous mushrooms, insect fungi and other related aspects. This book will be very useful and a valuable addition to the existing literature on the same subject.

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Bacteria

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Bacteria Book
Author : Gideon Informatics, Inc.,Dr. Stephen Berger
Publisher : GIDEON Informatics Inc
Release : 2020-03-02
ISBN : 1498825400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Bacteria summarizes the status of 1,894 bacterial taxa identified in clinical material. All known species of bacteria and mycobacteria are included in the book. Chapters are arranged alphabetically, by taxon (organism name), and include the following sections: Distinguishing phenotypic characteristicsEcology and relevance to human diseaseDrug susceptibility where relevantSynonyms and prior taxonomic designationsPhenotype This is one in a series of GIDEON ebooks which explore all individual infectious diseases, drugs, vaccines, outbreaks, surveys and pathogens in every country of the world. Data are based on the GIDEON web application (www.gideononline.com) which relies on standard textbooks and peer-review journals, supplemented by an ongoing search of the medical literature.

Medical Microbiology

Medical Microbiology Book
Author : National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Medical Microbiology book written by National Library of Medicine (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Yeasts

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Yeasts Book
Author : Gideon Informatics, Inc.,Dr. Stephen Berger
Publisher : GIDEON Informatics Inc
Release : 2020-03-02
ISBN : 1498825419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GIDEON Guide to Medically Important Yeasts summarizes the status of 130 yeast taxa identified in clinical material. Chapters are arranged alphabetically, by taxon (organism name). Each chapter is divided into the following sections: Distinguishing phenotypic characteristicsEcology and relevance to human diseaseDrug susceptibility where relevantSynonyms and prior taxonomic designationsPhenotype This is one in a series of GIDEON ebooks which explore all individual infectious diseases, drugs, vaccines, outbreaks, surveys and pathogens in every country of the world. Data are based on the GIDEON web application (www.gideononline.com) which relies on standard textbooks and peer-review journals, supplemented by an ongoing search of the medical literature.