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Taxaceae And Cephalotaxaceae

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Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae

Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae Book
Author : Da-Cheng Hao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-05
ISBN : 0128242361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae: Biodiversity, Chemodiversity, and Pharmacotherapy accounts for the biodiversity and chemodiversity of these medicinal plants, examining and synthesizing existing research into their biology, chemistry and pharmacotherapy. The title examines how pharmacophylogeny allows sustainable conservation and exploitation, presents how these plants work from the chemical level upward, and examines associated microbe compounds. Chapters present a summary of biological and biochemical research of Taxaceae plants, progress in mining their chemodiversity, mining pharmacotherapy utility from their chemodiversity and biodiversity, drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic diversity of their medicinal compounds, mining pharmacotherapy utility from associated microbes, and more. Sections cover the biodiversity, chemodiversity and pharmacotherapy of Cephalotaxus medicinal plants, Amentotaxus, Pseudotaxus and Torreya medicinal plants. The book envisages that multiple omics platforms and advanced systems biology will allow further exploration of Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae, thus streamlining the future drug supply chain. Covers the biodiversity and chemodiversity of Taxaceae/Cephalotaxus medicinal plants Considers how a pharmacophylogeny framework can benefit conservation and sustainable exploitation of these plants Presents how Taxaceae/Cephalotaxus work from the chemical level upward“/li> Details the polypharmacology of these plants and associated microbe compounds in relation to pharmaceutical design and development Brings the reader up-to-date on the biology, chemistry and pharmacotherapy of Taxaceae/Cephalotaxus medicinal plants

Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms

Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms Book
Author : K.U. Kramer,P.S. Green
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 366202604X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This encyclopedia offers access to the diversity of ferns and seed plants, the most important groups of green land plants. Available information of general and systematic relevance is synthesized at the level of families. Evidence from virtually all disciplines important to modern taxonomy makes the work a most valuable source of reference not only for taxonomists, but for all who are interested in the various aspects of plant diversity. A revised classification includes a complete inventory of genera along with their diagnostic features, keys for identification, and references to the literature. The first volume deals with pteridophytes and gymnosperms.

Common Chinese Materia Medica

Common Chinese Materia Medica Book
Author : Huagu Ye,Chuyuan Li,Wencai Ye,Feiyan Zeng
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-07-30
ISBN : 9789811620645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first volume describes 78 species of medicinal plants in 44 families, in which 7 families and 13 species are algae and fungi, 28 families and 52 species are ferns, 9 families and 13 species are gymnosperms. The algae include Laminaria japonica, Sargassum fusiforme, Ulva lactucam, Uiva pertusa et al.; the fungi include Calvatia lilacina, Calvatia lilacina, Cordyceps sobolifera, et al.; the gymnosperms include Ginkgo biloba, Pinus massoniana, Thuja orientalis, Ephedra sinica, Ephedra intermedia, Ephedra equisetina, et al. In each specie, it introduces the scientific names, herbal medicine names, characteristics, habitats, distributions, Acquisition and processing methods, medicinal traits, tastes, functions, use and dosages, and other information of medicinal plants. The color pictures of all species in their wild forms are presented, along with some pictures of medicinal products made of them. This book series has totally 10 volumes, which covers 2000 kinds of Chinese medicines that are commonly seen or used. These volumes not only introduce the efficacy function and some prescriptions of the medicines, but also introduce the biological characteristics of them in detail with clear photos of the habitats, so that readers can identify them in the field. Apart from the growing environment, the books expound the distribution areas and other information to facilitate researches and other applications. The volumes are targeted at readers of general interests and it is also of high referential value for scientific researcher and teachers. It can be used as a guide to researchers, clinical doctors, and students in the department of pharmaceutics and traditional Chinese medicine.

Flowering Plants

Flowering Plants Book
Author : K. Kubitzki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3709170761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The original suggestion to organize a symposium about the classi fication and evolution of the Flowering Plants was made at, the International Botanical Congress at Leningrad in 1975, and the idea was so well accepted by several colleagues that plans for such a symposium quickly took shape. An organizing committee consisting of Professor H. MERXMULLER, Miinchen, Professor V. H. HEYWOOD, Reading, and Professor K. KUBITZKI, Hamburg, was set up. The conference took place on 7-12 September 197tl in the Institut fiir Allgemeine Botanik of the University of Hamburg under the auspices of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy and was at tended by 80 participants from 14 countries. There have been several meetings in recent years which have dealt with the origin and evolution of the Flowering Plants so that it might be questioned whether yet another symposium dealing with more or less the same subject were really "justified. As the reader will see from the contents of the book, this symposium differed from similar ones held recently in two respects: 1. Emphasis was given to methodological aspects of the classification of higher taxa, and 2. much classificatory and evolutionary evidence relating to the higher taxa of Flowering Plants was presented.

Fundamentals of Palaeobotany

Fundamentals of Palaeobotany Book
Author : Sergei Meyen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400931514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There have been at least ten English-language textbooks of palaeobotany since D. H. Scott published the first edition of Studies inFossilBotany in 1900. Most have been written by scientists who were primarily botanists by training, and were aimed largely at a readership familiar with living plants. They tended to follow a general pattern of an introductory chapter on preservation of plants as fossils, followed by a systematic treatment, group by group. Only Seward in his Plant Life Through the Ages departed from this pattern in presenting a chronological sequence. In the present book, Meyen breaks with?is tradition. Although having a basically biological approach, he reaches out into all aspects of the history of plant life and the wider implication of its study. Only half of the present work deals sequentially with fossil plant groups, treated systematically. The remainder then explores those topics which most other textbooks have incidentally??e generally either ignored or have only mentioned rather problems of naming and classifying fragmentary plant fossils, their ecology; biogeography and palaeoclimatic significance and the contribution that?ey have made to the understanding of living plant morphology, and of the process of evolution.

Toxicology and Human Environments

Toxicology and Human Environments Book
Author : Ernest Hodgson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-09-28
ISBN : 0124158137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental toxicology is generally held to be the study of the potential of constituents of outdoor environments to impact either human health or the biological structure of the ecosystems involved. This volume is a first attempt to integrate toxicological studies of all of the many human environments, both indoor and outdoor, and their complex interrelationships. Included are considerations of natural environments, the agroecosystem, occupational, urban and domestic environments as well as the environment associated with Superfund sites and military deployments. The primary emphasis is on public health, including the potential health effects of toxicants found in different environments, the bioprocessing of such toxicants in humans and surrogate animals and the principles of risk analysis. Approaches the toxicology of human environments in a new and unique way, stressing the complex interrelationships of all human environments and the implication for human and environmental health Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert and is addressed to those interested in the broader implications of the environmental modifications that are always associated with the activities of humans living and working in them

Diversity and Systematics of Seed Plants

Diversity and Systematics of Seed Plants Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Rastogi Publications
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9788171337927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Diversity and Systematics of Seed Plants book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioresources Technology in Sustainable Agriculture

Bioresources Technology in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Mohamad Faiz Foong Abdullah,Mohd Tajudin Bin Ali,Farida Zuraina M. Yusof
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-31
ISBN : 1771884509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on cutting-edge advances and applications in tropical agriculture and bioresources. It outlines some of the newest advances, basic tools, and the applications of novel approaches to improve agricultural practices and utilization of bioresources for the enhancement of human life. Highlights include a thorough discussion on various aspects of agricultural modernization through technological advances in information technology, efficient utilization of under-exploited natural bioresources, new chemical approaches for the generation of novel biochemicals, and the applications of forensic and genetics approaches for bioresource conservation.

Paclitaxel

Paclitaxel Book
Author : Mallappa Kumara Swamy,T. Pullaiah,Zhe-Sheng Chen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-08
ISBN : 0323909523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paclitaxel: Sources, Chemistry, Anticancer Actions, and Current Biotechnology provides a comprehensive survey of Paclitaxel and its derivatives chemistry, biosynthesis and anticancer activities. In addition, biotechnological methods, including cell cultures, the use of bioreactors and metabolic engineering strategies to improve Paclitaxel production are also discussed. The book discusses topics such as mechanisms of action against cancer, novel forms of Paclitaxel for an effective cancer treatment, strategies for enhancing its bioavailability, and the application of nanocarriers for its delivery and chemotherapy of cancer. This is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, biotechnologists and members of biomedical field who are interested in the promising anticancer qualities of this antineoplastic drug and how to enhance them for better treatments. Presents detailed information about Paclitaxel research, from its discovery to clinical uses and biotechnological routes of commercial production Focuses on Paclitaxel development as an effective chemotherapeutic drug, along with its application in different types of cancers Encompasses descriptive illustrations and workflows to help the reader fully understand the content and easily apply it to their research

Tropical Trees and Forests

Tropical Trees and Forests Book
Author : F. Halle,R.A.A. Oldeman,P.B. Tomlinson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642811906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Tropical Trees and Forests book written by F. Halle,R.A.A. Oldeman,P.B. Tomlinson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

An Atlas of the World s Conifers

An Atlas of the World s Conifers Book
Author : Aljos Farjon,Denis Filer
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 9004211810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A 2014 Choice Magazine "Outstanding Academic Title" An Atlas of the World’s Conifers is the first ever atlas of all known conifer species. It is a comprehensive work describing the natural distribution, biogeography, diversity and conservation status of the conifers on all continents.

Endophytes of Forest Trees

Endophytes of Forest Trees Book
Author : Anna Maria Pirttilä,A. Carolin Frank
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-19
ISBN : 3319898337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Endophytes are commonly known as microorganisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, which live inside plant tissues without inducing symptoms. Considering the long-lived trees, endophytes have a fundamental role in preparing their hosts to face extreme weather conditions, drought, heat, cold, and pathogen and herbivore attacks. The current knowledge clearly demonstrates the importance of endophytes in shaping the plant diversity in a forest. Endophytes have an important capacity for biocontrol of forest diseases. Considering endophyte diversity and the range of various compounds and enzymes they can produce, endophytes can be used for various biotechnological applications.

Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants Book
Author : Hao Da,Xiao Jie Gu,Pei Gen Xiao
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 0081001037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medicinal Plants: Chemistry, Biology and Omics reviews the phytochemistry, chemotaxonomy, molecular biology, and phylogeny of selected medicinal plant tribes and genera, and their relevance to drug efficacy. Medicinal plants provide a myriad of pharmaceutically active components, which have been commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and worldwide for thousands of years. Increasing interest in plant-based medicinal resources has led to additional discoveries of many novel compounds, in various angiosperm and gymnosperm species, and investigations on their chemotaxonomy, molecular phylogeny and pharmacology. Chapters in this book explore the interrelationship within traditional Chinese medicinal plant groups and between Chinese species and species outside of China. Chapters also discuss the incongruence between chemotaxonomy and molecular phylogeny, concluding with chapters on systems biology and “-omics technologies (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), and how they will play an increasingly important role in future pharmaceutical research. Reviews best practice and essential developments in medicinal plant chemistry and biology Discusses the principles and applications of various techniques used to discover medicinal compounds Explores the analysis and classification of novel plant-based medicinal compounds Includes case studies on pharmaphylogeny Compares and integrates traditional knowledge and current perception of worldwide medicinal plants

The Conifers Genomes Variation and Evolution

The Conifers  Genomes  Variation and Evolution Book
Author : David B. Neale,Nicholas C. Wheeler
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-23
ISBN : 3319468073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first comprehensive volume on conifers detailing their genomes, variations, and evolution. The book begins with general information about conifers such as taxonomy, geography, reproduction, life history, and social and economic importance. Then topics discussed include the full genome sequence, complex traits, phenotypic and genetic variations, landscape genomics, and forest health and conservation. This book also synthesizes the research included to provide a bigger picture and suggest an evolutionary trajectory. As a large plant family, conifers are an important part of economic botany. The group includes the pines, spruces, firs, larches, yews, junipers, cedars, cypresses, and sequoias. Of the phylum Coniferophyta, conifers typically bear cones and evergreen leaves. Recently, there has been much data available in conifer genomics with the publication of several crop and non-crop genome sequences. In addition to their economic importance, conifers are an important habitat for humans and animals, especially in developing parts of the world. The application of genomics for improving the productivity of conifer crops holds great promise to help provide resources for the most needy in the world.

Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications

Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications Book
Author : Subhash C. Mandal,Amit Kumar Nayak,Amal Kumar Dhara
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-05
ISBN : 0323900801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications presents extensive detailed information on all the vital principles, basics and fundamental aspects of multiple herbal biomolecules in the healthcare industry. This book examines important herbal biomolecules including alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, anthraquinones, steroids, polysaccharides, tannins and polyphenolic compounds, terpenes, fats and waxes, proteins and peptides, and vitamins. These herbal biomacromolecules are responsible for different bioactivities as well as pharmacological potentials. A systematic understanding of the extraction, purification, characterization, applications of these herbal biomolecules and their derivatives in healthcare fields is developed in this comprehensive book. Chapters explore the key topics along with an emphasis on recent research and developments in healthcare fields by leading experts. They include updated literature review of the relevant key topics, good quality illustrations, chemical structures, flow charts, well-organized tables and case studies. Herbal Biomolecules in Healthcare Applications will be useful for researchers working on natural products and biomolecules with bioactivity and nutraceutical properties. Professionals specializing in scientific areas such as biochemistry, pharmacology, analytical chemistry, organic chemistry, clinics, or engineering focused on bioactive natural products will find this book useful. Provides a study of different type of biomolecules from herbal extracts and their bioactivities as well as their application in the healthcare industry Contributions by global leaders and experts from academia, industry and regulatory agencies, who have been considered as pioneers in the application of herbal biomolecules in the diverse healthcare fields Includes updated literature review along with practical examples and research case studies

Non wood Forest Products from Conifers

Non wood Forest Products from Conifers Book
Author : William M. Ciesla,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Fao
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this paper is to provide a global review of the non-wood uses of conifers. For the purposes of this paper, conifers are defined as trees and shrubs of the botanical orders Coniferales, Taxales and Ginkgoales (Rushforth 1987). Although some services are briefly mentioned, the focus of this paper is on products which conifers provide species, which are important sources of non-wood forest products, and places where these products are harvested. With the exception of essential oils, which can be obtained from several parts of the tree, the products described are organized by the part of the tree from which they are obtained (e.g. foliage, bark and roots, resin, seeds and cones). Where possible, data on levels of production and international trade are presented. Problems associated with the sustainable management of these products and compatibility or conflicts with other land uses are also presented. Both contemporary and historical or traditional uses of non-wood products from conifers are discussed.

The Timetree of Life

The Timetree of Life Book
Author : S. Blair Hedges,Sudhir Kumar
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2009-04-23
ISBN : 0191560154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evolutionary history of life includes two primary components: phylogeny and timescale. Phylogeny refers to the branching order (relationships) of species or other taxa within a group and is crucial for understanding the inheritance of traits and for erecting classifications. However, a timescale is equally important because it provides a way to compare phylogeny directly with the evolution of other organisms and with planetary history such as geology, climate, extraterrestrial impacts, and other features. The Timetree of Life is the first reference book to synthesize the wealth of information relating to the temporal component of phylogenetic trees. In the past, biologists have relied exclusively upon the fossil record to infer an evolutionary timescale. However, recent revolutionary advances in molecular biology have made it possible to not only estimate the relationships of many groups of organisms, but also to estimate their times of divergence with molecular clocks. The routine estimation and utilization of these so-called 'time-trees' could add exciting new dimensions to biology including enhanced opportunities to integrate large molecular data sets with fossil and biogeographic evidence (and thereby foster greater communication between molecular and traditional systematists). They could help estimate not only ancestral character states but also evolutionary rates in numerous categories of organismal phenotype; establish more reliable associations between causal historical processes and biological outcomes; develop a universally standardized scheme for biological classifications; and generally promote novel avenues of thought in many arenas of comparative evolutionary biology. This authoritative reference work brings together, for the first time, experts on all major groups of organisms to assemble a timetree of life. The result is a comprehensive resource on evolutionary history which will be an indispensable reference for scientists, educators, and students in the life sciences, earth sciences, and molecular biology. For each major group of organism, a representative is illustrated and a timetree of families and higher taxonomic groups is shown. Basic aspects of the evolutionary history of the group, the fossil record, and competing hypotheses of relationships are discussed. Details of the divergence times are presented for each node in the timetree, and primary literature references are included. The book is complemented by an online database (www.timetree.net) which allows researchers to both deposit and retrieve data.

Cathaya

Cathaya Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cathaya book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Handbook of the World s Conifers

A Handbook of the World s Conifers Book
Author : Aljos Farjon
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2010-04-27
ISBN : 904743062X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first handbook to include detailed information on all 615 conifers, temperate as well as tropical, this encyclopedic work offers users as diverse as ecologists, gardeners, foresters and conservationists the accumulated knowledge of these trees obtained in 30 years of academic research, presented in an easily searchable format.