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Targeting Cell Survival Pathways To Enhance Response To Chemotherapy

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Targeting Cell Survival Pathways to Enhance Response to Chemotherapy

Targeting Cell Survival Pathways to Enhance Response to Chemotherapy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-03-28
ISBN : 0128137541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Targeting Cell Survival Pathways to Enhance Response to Chemotherapy encompasses recently developed molecular targeting agents and approaches that suppress cell survival signaling. Cell survival signaling attenuates the effectiveness of conventional chemotherapy and numerous mechanisms have been described, and continue to be described, which contribute to cell survival in the face of chemotherapy treatment. Key pathways leading to chemoresistance emanate from growth factor receptors, PI3K, STAT3, anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members, autophagy, and the DNA damage response pathway. New advances have underscored the potential of targeting each of these cell survival mechanisms to improve responsiveness to chemotherapy. This book reviews these recent advances and provides a foundational background and hints of new opportunities for basic, translational, and clinical investigators focused on improving therapeutic responses to chemotherapy. Presents cutting-edge agents and approaches with proved success in different model systems that can be translated to a different type of cancer Brings updated information to be used to propose new clinical trials investigating innovative strategies for improving responses to chemotherapy Provides mechanistic details to help guide the design of laboratory studies associated with clinical trials

Targeting Cell Survival Pathways to Enhance Response to Chemotherapy

Targeting Cell Survival Pathways to Enhance Response to Chemotherapy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 9780128137536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Targeting Cell Survival Pathways to Enhance Response to Chemotherapy encompasses recently developed molecular targeting agents and approaches that suppress cell survival signaling. Cell survival signaling attenuates the effectiveness of conventional chemotherapy and numerous mechanisms have been described, and continue to be described, which contribute to cell survival in the face of chemotherapy treatment. Key pathways leading to chemoresistance emanate from growth factor receptors, PI3K, STAT3, anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members, autophagy, and the DNA damage response pathway. New advances have underscored the potential of targeting each of these cell survival mechanisms to improve responsiveness to chemotherapy. This book reviews these recent advances and provides a foundational background and hints of new opportunities for basic, translational, and clinical investigators focused on improving therapeutic responses to chemotherapy. Presents cutting-edge agents and approaches with proved success in different model systems that can be translated to a different type of cancer Brings updated information to be used to propose new clinical trials investigating innovative strategies for improving responses to chemotherapy Provides mechanistic details to help guide the design of laboratory studies associated with clinical trials

New Targeting in The Reversal of Resistant Glioblastomas

New Targeting in The Reversal of Resistant Glioblastomas Book
Author : Ali Syed Arbab
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-05
ISBN : 0128232765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Targeting in The Reversal of Resistant Glioblastomas discusses alternative treatment strategies that not only target tumor cells but also target the tumor microenvironment, metabolic pathways and interaction of cytokines in tumor cells. The current treatment for primary and recurrent glioblastomas is failing because clinicians are not considering the effect of bone marrow derived cells to the development of resistance to clinically practiced therapies. This book helps readers rethink treatment strategies to successfully fight glioblastomas. It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians, graduate students and other members of the biomedical field. Explains the effect of bone marrow derived cells on the development of resistance to clinically practiced therapies Provides information on the availability of alternate therapies for recurrent glioblastoma when standard practices have failed Discusses targeting tumor microenvironment using available FDA approved drugs as an alternative treatment strategy for glioblastoma

Nanopharmaceuticals

Nanopharmaceuticals Book
Author : Ranjita Shegokar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-10
ISBN : 0128177799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanopharmaceuticals reviews advances in the drug delivery field via nanovehicles or nanocarriers that offer benefits like targeted therapy and serves as a single dose magic bullet for multiple drug delivery with improved drug efficiency at a lower dose, transportation of the drug across physiological barriers as well as reduced drug-related toxicity. The chapters are written by a diverse group of international researchers from industry and academia. The series Expectations and Realities of Multifunctional Drug Delivery Systems examines the fabrication, optimization, biological aspects, regulatory and clinical success of wide range of drug delivery carriers. This series reviews multifunctionality and applications of drug delivery systems, industrial trends, regulatory challenges and in vivo success stories. Throughout the volumes discussions on diverse aspects of drug delivery carriers, such as clinical, engineering, and regulatory, facilitate insight sharing across expertise area and form a link for collaborations between industry-academic scientists and clinical researchers. Expectations and Realities of Multifunctional Drug Delivery Systems connects formulation scientists, regulatory experts, engineers, clinical experts and regulatory stake holders. The wide scope of the book ensures it as a valuable reference resource for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who want to learn more about drug delivery systems. Other volumes in the Expectations and Realities of Multifunctional Drug Delivery Systems book series: Delivery of Drugs, Volume 2, 9780128177761 Drug Delivery Trends, Volume 3, 9780128178706 Drug Delivery Aspects, Volume 4, 9780128212226 Encompasses functional aspects of nanocarriers Discusses Intellectual Property landscapes of micro-nano drug carriers Contains in-depth investigation of specific aspects of drug delivery systems

Drug Efflux Pumps in Cancer Resistance Pathways From Molecular Recognition and Characterization to Possible Inhibition Strategies in Chemotherapy

Drug Efflux Pumps in Cancer Resistance Pathways  From Molecular Recognition and Characterization to Possible Inhibition Strategies in Chemotherapy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-07
ISBN : 0128141417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug Efflux Pumps in Cancer Resistance Pathways: From Molecular Recognition and Characterization to Possible Inhibition Strategies in Chemotherapy, Volume Seven, describes the fundamental aspects of efflux pumps of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily in cancer resistance pathways, along with strategies to target and improve chemotherapy efficacy. Pumps of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily (ABCs) regulate the access of drugs to the intracellular space. In this context, the overexpression of ABCs is a well-known mechanism of multidrug resistance in cancer and is associated with therapeutic failure. Cancer types discussed include breast, endocrine, hematologic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, lung, skin and central nervous system cancers. The book is a valuable source for researchers and advanced students in cancer, biology, pharmacology, pharmaceutical sciences, biomaterials and medical/clinical sciences that are interested in accessing a comprehensive compendium on efflux pumps in mechanisms of cancer resistance. Offers comprehensive and detailed descriptions of the basic aspects of efflux pumps in a very schematic and didactic manner Describes the involvement of efflux pumps in cancer resistance in different cancer types Encompasses an updated overview on state-of-the-art approaches that capitalize on their inhibition to improve chemotherapy and overcome resistance

Drug Repurposing in Cancer Therapy

Drug Repurposing in Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Kenneth K.W. To,William C.S. Cho
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-29
ISBN : 0128199032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug Repurposing in Cancer Therapy: Approaches and Applications provides comprehensive and updated information from experts in basic science research and clinical practice on how existing drugs can be repurposed for cancer treatment. The book summarizes successful stories that may assist researchers in the field to better design their studies for new repurposing projects. Sections discuss specific topics such as in silico prediction and high throughput screening of repurposed drugs, drug repurposing for overcoming chemoresistance and eradicating cancer stem cells, and clinical investigation on combination of repurposed drug and anticancer therapy. Cancer researchers, oncologists, pharmacologists and several members of biomedical field who are interested in learning more about the use of existing drugs for different purposes in cancer therapy will find this to be a valuable resource. Presents a systematic and up-to-date collection of the research underpinning the various drug repurposing approaches for a quick, but in-depth understanding on current trends in drug repurposing research Brings better understanding of the drug repurposing process in a holistic way, combining both basic and clinical sciences Encompasses a collection of successful stories of drug repurposing for cancer therapy in different cancer types

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy  Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies Book
Author : Ramasamy Paulmurugan,Tarik F. Massoud
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 0128215682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy: Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies brings current knowledge from an international team of experts on the science and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance. The book discusses topics such as molecular mechanisms of chemoresistance, experimental models to study chemoresistance, chemoresistance to drugs other than Temozolomide, and specific strategies to reverse chemoresistance. Additionally, it encompasses information on how to mitigate chemoresistance by targeted enhancement of p53 function. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, neuro-oncologists and other members of the biomedical field. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most invasive and malignant primary brain tumor in humans with poor survival after diagnosis, therefore it is imperative that molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant GBM cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter the resistance are comprehensively understood. Provides comprehensive, core knowledge related to the entire discipline of glioblastoma chemoresistance, from its many etiological mechanisms, to specific strategies to reverse resistance Presents current information from an international team of experts on the basic science, pre-clinical research, and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance Discusses molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant glioblastoma cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter this resistance

Overcoming Ovarian Cancer Chemoresistance

Overcoming Ovarian Cancer Chemoresistance Book
Author : Goli Samimi,Christina Annunziata
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-06
ISBN : 0128198419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overcoming Ovarian Cancer Chemoresistance presents non-overlapping review chapters that discuss the state of the field in overcoming chemoresistance of ovarian cancer and treatment options before and following recurrence, considering the genetic makeup of the ovarian cancer patient and her tumor. With the uptake of both germline and somatic gene testing, clinicians can obtain a more comprehensive understanding of ovarian tumors and this book provides information to link the genetic makeup of a tumor (or patient) with the best available treatment. The book discusses topics such as strategies to fight chemo-resistance in ovarian cancer, circulating DNA as a monitor of response, BRCA mutations, ovarian cancer stem cells, immunotherapy and vaccines. Additionally, it brings a list of promising agents at clinical and pre-clinical stage that will impact the treatment in the near future. This book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists and several members of biomedical field who need to understand how to battle chemoresistance in ovarian cancer. Provides a comprehensive view of both biological and genetic determinants of resistance, as well as technical approaches to monitor response Discusses genetic reversions as a unique alteration and a new field of study Includes a chapter on upcoming and promising agents that are in the pre-clinical and early clinical space, to set the stage for future directions in the field

pH Interfering Agents as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy

pH Interfering Agents as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Claudiu Supuran,Simone Carradori
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-15
ISBN : 0128209283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

pH Interfering Agents as Chemosensitizers In Cancer Therapy, Volume Thirteen, provides a detailed overview of the chemosensitizers for the treatment of cancer spanning from biochemical and structural features to pharmacology and drug-design, including technological applications. The book is structured with innovative outlines and a distinction between experimental and clinical results. The continuous discovery and assessment of the role played by old/new synthetic drugs, natural compounds and technological applications has led to the urgent need of classification in terms of biological activity, mechanism of action, clinical outcomes, cancer cell lines sensible to the treatment, and potentialities to better orient research in this field. Moreover, all the aspects relevant for medicinal chemistry (drug design, structure-activity relationships, permeability data, cytotoxicity, appropriate statistical procedures, and molecular modeling studies) are strictly considered. Presents a broad view of the topic according to a medicinal chemistry-based approach beyond syntheses and biological assays, focusing on SAR studies, chemoinformatic, drug targeting and molecular modeling Explains the mechanism of action of the chemosensitizers by means of schemes and figures to facilitate comprehension Discusses novel targets to explore new possibilities that enhance research in the field

Epigenetic Regulation in Overcoming Chemoresistance

Epigenetic Regulation in Overcoming Chemoresistance Book
Author : Chunfu Wu,Lihui Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-26
ISBN : 012823685X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Regulation in Overcoming Chemoresistance, Volume 19, explains how epigenetic agents can enhance the chemotherapy sensitivity of diverse types of cancers. The book provides a comprehensive delineation and the recent development of the scientific studies on the epigenetic regulation in enhancing chemo-sensitivity. In addition, it discusses several topics such as DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi), Histone deacetylases inhibitors (HDACi), Histone lysine demethylases inhibitors (HDMi), Histone lysine methyltransferases inhibitors (HMTi) and drugs regulating the microRNA, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) or RNA methylation. Finally, recent and future developments of the field of epigenetic regulation are explored. This is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians, graduate students and several members of biomedical field who are interested in learning about epigenetic regulation methods to reverse chemo-resistance in cancers. Presents detailed diagrams of the mechanisms of epigenetic regulation for easy consult Encompasses multiple clinical trial summary diagrams to help readers quickly and clearly get information from clinical trials Provides future perspectives in each section to inspire readers to use epigenetic regulation to overcome chemo-resistance

Phosphorylation of NF kappaB RelA p65 on Ser536 Signals Cancer Cells to Death and Enhances Chemosensitivity

Phosphorylation of NF kappaB RelA p65 on Ser536 Signals Cancer Cells to Death and Enhances Chemosensitivity Book
Author : Yiwen Bu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

RelA/p65 is a main subunit of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) that regulates expression of genes involved in cell growth and survival, stress response, and inflammation, but its oncogenic or tumor-suppressive function in tumorigenesis has been highly controversial. Hundreds of NF-kappaB inhibitors have been developed for targeted cancer therapy, but fail to achieve anticipated anticancer efficacy. Complexity of posttranslational modifications may contribute to tumorigenic diversity of RelA/p65, but mechanisms of action remain unclear. Here we show that phosphorylation of RelA/p65 at Ser536 functions as a tumor suppressor. In normal human colon mucosa, RelA/p65 phosphorylation at Ser536 is gradually increased with the maturation and apoptotic shedding of cryptic cells, but the phosphorylation is significantly decreased in colon tumors. In RelA/p65-silenced breast and colon cancer cells, reconstitution of a constitutively active RelA/p65, whose Ser536 was replaced by aspartic acid (named p65/S536D), triggered dramatic apoptosis and autophagy or senescence upon the cell context, by affecting the expression of a range of cell death/survival genes. Reconstitution with a phosphorylation-deficient RelA/p65 whose Ser536 was replaced by alanine (called p65/S536A) had no effect on cell growth and survival. Intratumoral delivery of p65/S536D effectively suppressed tumor growth in nude mice and was marked with apoptotic cell death. Together our data suggest that it is the phosphorylation at Ser536 that confers NF-kappaB RelA/p65 a tumor-suppressive role. In addition to driving cell death, the phosphorylation of RelA/p65 on Ser536 is also beneficial for chemosensitivity in cancer therapy. Literature reports that NF-kappaB activation contributes to chemoresistance by regulating oncogenic pathways and multi-drug resistance genes, but recent studies on senescence and chemotherapy have suggested that NF-kappaB activation is essential for chemotherapy induced senescence and tumor regression. The mechanisms underlying the contradictory observations are elusive. Here we show that site-differential phosphorylation of NF-kappaB RelA/p65 modulates chemosensitivity and results in distinct outcomes in cancer cells. Phospohrylation of RelA/p65 on Ser276, Ser536 and Ser468 were detected in RITA (reactivation of p53 and induction of tumor cell apoptosis) treated cells and RITA-resistant sublines, and they showed distinct dynamics. Ectopic expression of p65/S536D dramatically enhanced RITA sensitivity while the constitutively phosphorylated form of S276 (S276D) compromised RITA effects in treated cells. The constitutive phosphorylation of Ser468 (S468D) showed very mild effects on RITA sensitivity. In addition, p65/S536D resensitized RITA-resistant sublines to RITA treatment. P65/S536D also enhanced the doxorubicin sensitivity, but not paclitaxel in these multi-drug resistant sublines. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are critical multidrug resistant factors. We found that in the RITA-resistant sublines, multiple ABC transporter genes were upregulated, particularly the ABCC6. Further studies dissected that ABCC6 was involved in site-specific phosphorylation- related chemoresistance. P65/S536D decreased ABCC6 expression and sensitized cells to doxorubicin and RITA, but not paclitaxel that is not the substrate of ABCC6 transporter. Conversely, p65/S276D enhanced chemoresistance by upregulating ABCC6. The p65/S536D enhanced RITA chemosensitivity is also confirmed in in vivo study using tumor xenografts in nude mice. Taken together, phosphorylation of p65 on Ser536 contributes to chemosensitivity by targeting ABCC6 while Ser276 leads to chemoresistance. These findings solve the controversial issues of NF-kappaB RelA/p65 in tumorigenesis and in chemosensitivity, and are important in developing NF-kappaB targeted cancer therapy, such as inhibitors. This study also highlights that better understanding of distinct active sites on NF-kappaB RelA/p65 is necessary for discussing the tumorigenic roles of NF-kappaB and developing efficient NF-kappaB targeted therapies.

Therapeutic Strategies to Overcome ALK Resistance in Cancer

Therapeutic Strategies to Overcome ALK Resistance in Cancer Book
Author : Luc Friboulet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-18
ISBN : 0128217790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Therapeutic Strategies to Overcome ALK Resistance in Cancer, Volume 13, presents current strategies to improve and prolong clinical benefit in ALK driven cancers. Most patients with ALK-driven cancer are sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy, but resistance invariably develops. This book discusses topics such as structure and function of ALK, ALK rearranged lung cancer, resistance mechanisms to ALK TKI tumors, and novel therapeutic strategies to enhance crizotinib anti-tumor efficacy in ALCL. Additionally, it encompasses information on drug combinations to enhance ALK TKI anti-tumor efficacy in neuroblastoma and future perspectives in the field. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians and several members of biomedical field who need to understand more about how to fight ALK resistance in cancer treatment. Explains the biology of ALK RTK, focusing on its tissue expression, structure and functionality Presents an overview of current treatments and the benefits of ALK TKI in lung and other cancer types, such as ALCL, neuroblastoma and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor Encompasses information on systemic treatments other than TKI, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy and antiangiogenic agents in ALK-driven NSCLC

Biological Mechanisms and the Advancing Approaches to Overcoming Cancer Drug Resistance

Biological Mechanisms and the Advancing Approaches to Overcoming Cancer Drug Resistance Book
Author : Andrew Freywald,Franco Vizeacoumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-04
ISBN : 0128213116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Mechanisms and the Advancing Approaches to Overcoming Cancer Drug Resistance, Volume 12, discusses new approaches that are being undertaken to counteract tumor plasticity, understand and tackle the interactions with the microenvironment, and disrupt the rewiring of malignant cells or bypass biological mechanism of resistance by using targeted radionuclide therapies. This book provides a unique opportunity to the reader to understand the fundamental causes of drug resistance and how different approaches are applied. It is a one-stop-shop to understand why it is so difficult to treat cancer, and why only a very few patients respond to therapy and a significant portion develop resistance. Despite a rapid development of more effective anti-cancer drugs and combination therapies, cancer remains the leading cause of lethality in the developed world. The main reason for this is the ability of heterogeneous subpopulations of tumor cells interacting with constantly evolving tumor microenvironment to resist elimination and eventually, trigger cancer relapse. In this book, experts review current concepts explaining molecular and biological mechanisms of cancer drug resistance and discussing advancing approaches for overcoming these therapeutic challenges. Provides the most updated knowledge on the mechanisms of cancer drug resistance and the emerging therapeutic approaches reviewed by experts in the field Brings detailed analyses of most important recently reported developments related to drug resistance and their relevance to overcoming it in cancer patients Discusses in-depth molecular mechanisms and novel concepts of cancer resistance to conventional and advanced therapies

Overcoming Drug Resistance in Gynecologic Cancers

Overcoming Drug Resistance in Gynecologic Cancers Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-11
ISBN : 0128243007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overcoming Drug Resistance in Gynecologic Cancers provides up-to-date information related to important gynecologic cancers and focuses on mechanisms of drug resistance, genetics, signaling, immunology, health disparities, nanotechnology, economic considerations and financial impacts. The book covers not only drug resistance but also important means to reverse resistance both in the laboratory and clinic. The book discusses topics such as lifestyle, nutrition and risk of gynecologic cancers, the financial impact of drug resistance, chemosensitizing agents and targeted therapies in cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer, immunotherapy to overcome drug resistance, and genetic polymorphisms in gynecologic cancers. Additionally, it discusses ethnic and racial health disparity perspectives and future developments in chemosensitizing activities to reverse drug resistance in gynecologic cancers. It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, clinicians and other biomedical field members who are interested in new approaches to improve chemotherapy outcome in patients with gynecologic cancers. Provides a comprehensive resource with all the details needed for readers to understand and follow information Encompasses schematics, diagrams and flow charts in all chapters to help readers easily follow critical information Presents tables and figures especially developed to summarize the information with appropriate statistical rigor and to show details of clinical specimens such as pathological, radiological characteristics, and/or laboratory biomarkers

Novel Therapies in Head and Neck Cancer Beyond the Horizon

Novel Therapies in Head and Neck Cancer  Beyond the Horizon Book
Author : Maie A. St. John,No hee Park
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-29
ISBN : 0128209291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel Therapies in Head and Neck Cancer: Beyond the Horizon, Volume Twelve, provides a high-level synthesis of the latest treatments and outcomes relating to head and neck cancer. Chemotherapy and immunotherapy for those cancer types are rapidly evolving, and an updated source based on the expertise of internationally renowned researchers is necessary. This book discusses the outcome of recent trials using chemotherapy, novel approaches for HPV+ SCCA, cases in which immunotherapy is more likely to be successful, and precision medicine based on target therapies. Additionally, new approaches for rare diseases in head and neck and novel drug delivery platforms are presented. This book will be a very useful source so that students, scientists and clinicians who can be facile with the data, build on what is known, and continue to offer cutting-edge, validated therapies to all patients. Covers new chemotherapy trials, specifically on HPV and non-HPV related cancer types Discusses the application of immunotherapy to treat rare types of head and neck cancer Presents updated information on targeted therapies, specifically focusing on skin cancer in the region

Drug Resistance in Colorectal Cancer Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategies

Drug Resistance in Colorectal Cancer  Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategies Book
Author : Chi Hin Cho,Tao Hu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-24
ISBN : 0128199385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug Resistance in Colorectal Cancer: Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategies, Volume Eight, summarizes the molecular mechanisms of drug resistance in colorectal cancer, along with the most up-to-date therapeutic strategies available. The book discusses reasons why colorectal tumors become refractory during the progression of the disease, but also explains how drug resistance occurs during chemotherapy. In addition, users will find the current therapeutic strategies used by clinicians in their practice in treating colorectal cancer. The combination of conventional anticancer drugs with chemotherapy-sensitizing agents plays a pivotal role in improving the outcome of colorectal cancer patients, in particular those with drug-resistant cancer cells. From a clinical point-of-view, the content of this book provides clinicians with updated therapeutic strategies for a better choice of drugs for drug-resistant colorectal cancer patients. It will be a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists and several members of biomedical field who are dedicated to better treat patients with colorectal cancer. Presents a systemic summary of molecular mechanisms for a quick and in-depth understanding Updates current trends in the field with pioneering information on drug resistance Encompasses both basic and clinical approaches for a better understanding of unsolved problems from a holistic point-of-view

Improving the Therapeutic Ratio in Head and Neck Cancer

Improving the Therapeutic Ratio in Head and Neck Cancer Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-04
ISBN : 0128178698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improving the Therapeutic Ratio in Head and Neck Cancer provides a complete review of current approaches to modulating therapeutic sensitivity in head and neck cancer. It presents a broad background of current approaches and by highlighting the potential for clinical translational, introduces a roadmap for how to move promising preclinical findings into the clinic. The book discusses topics such as immunotherapy and molecularly targeted therapies in head and neck cancer, PI3k/mTOR pathway, autophagy inhibition to sensitize HNC to radiation and chemotherapy, TAM and Eph/Ephrin family proteins and metabolic reprogramming to modulate therapeutic sensitivity. Additionally, it details approaches to improve the response to immunotherapy, and Chk1/2 inhibition in radiation and cetuximab resistance. This book is a valuable source to head and neck cancer researchers and advanced students, and to those studying specific approaches in other model systems and disease sites. Provides key scientific background for clinicians when developing novel clinical trials and important examples for basic scientists of the types of work required to move a concept from the lab to the clinic Presents consistent pathway diagrams in each chapter, thus making it easier to understand complicated pathways Includes chapter summaries of the critical next steps needed to move studies from their current state into practice changing clinical data

Autophagy in Tumor and Tumor Microenvironment

Autophagy in Tumor and Tumor Microenvironment Book
Author : Sujit Kumar Bhutia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-06
ISBN : 9811569304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Autophagy in Tumor and Tumor Microenvironment book written by Sujit Kumar Bhutia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Targeted Therapy of Colorectal Cancer Subtypes

Targeted Therapy of Colorectal Cancer Subtypes Book
Author : Peter Jordan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-08
ISBN : 3030027716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Recent years have increased significantly our understanding of the genetic alterations that can underlie CRC, but also unraveled the molecular heterogeneity of the disease. Although a simple correlation between genetic pathways, histopathological features and clinical outcome cannot be established, the heterogeneity of CRC is also an opportunity for the development of targeted therapeutic approaches, able to treat an individual tumor with higher efficiency and less toxic side effects. One CRC subtype is characterized by high mutation rates (MSI-H), DNA methylation changes (CIMP-H), mutation in the BRAF oncogene and occurrence of serrated adenomas in the proximal colon. Other groups prevail in the distal colon and consist of either adenomatous polyps with chromosomal aberrations (CIN) and WNT pathway activation, or carry frequent KRAS mutation and metabolic deregulation, or have strong mesenchymal and infiltrative characteristics. Characterization of driver-mutation events in these CRC subgroups has led to the development of specific drugs targeting, for example, the MAPK pathway, but initial clinical trials have revealed unexpected response rates. The collection of chapters in this volume address the biology of specific CRC subtypes and how these may be targeted to improve precision therapy and clinical benefit for the patients.

Stress Response Pathways in Cancer

Stress Response Pathways in Cancer Book
Author : Georg T. Wondrak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-07
ISBN : 9401794219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is now established that dysregulated cell stress response pathways play a critical role in tumorigenesis, and a refined mechanistic understanding of this phenomenon at the molecular level promises to open new avenues for targeted therapeutic strategies that may benefit cancer patients in the near future. Coauthored by recognized leaders in cancer research from five continents, this novel book provides a comprehensive perspective on cell stress response pathways and therapeutic opportunities. Focusing on the role of genotoxic, proteotoxic, oxidative, metabolic, and inflammatory stress in tumorigenesis, the book is essential reading for students, basic researchers, and biomedical health care professionals interested in cancer and therapeutic development.