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Systems Neuroscience In Depression

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Systems Neuroscience in Depression

Systems Neuroscience in Depression Book
Author : Thomas Frodl
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 0128026286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systems Neuroscience in Depression provides a comprehensive overview of the normal and depressed brain processes as studied from a systems neuroscience perspective. Systems neuroscience uses a wide variety of approaches to study how networks of neurons form the bases of higher brain function. A broad overview is discussed starting with a background from neurodevelopment and neural understanding as well as novel treatment approaches for depression. This book covers basic developmental aspects and depressive psychopathology, as well as the basic scientific background from animal models and experimental research. Current advances in systems neuroscience are highlighted in studies from child and adolescent psychiatry. Integrated approaches are presented with regards to genetics, neuroimaging and neuroinflammation as well as neuroendocrinology. The field of systems and network neuroscience is evolving rapidly and this book provides a greatly needed resource for researchers and practitioners in systems neuroscience and psychiatry. Knowledge covering the whole life span from early to later life Comprehensively written chapters developing from molecules via epigenetics and neural circuits to clinical neuroscience Understanding the neurobiology of major depressive disorder Integrating stress and environmental factors with molecular underpinnings More than 25 illustrations and tables

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Francisco Lopez-Munoz,Cecilio Alamo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 1439838496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major depressive disorders have recently been associated with impairments in signaling pathways that regulate neuroplasticity and cell survival. Agents designed to directly target molecules in these pathways hold promise as new therapeutics for depression. With the collaboration of the most prestigious international specialists in biochemistry, molecular biology, genomics, psychiatry, psychology, and pharmacology, Neurobiology of Depression discusses the nature of the central nervous system circuits responsible for the modifications of neuronal functioning that lead to depression. The book begins by discussing animal, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological models of depression as well as neural foundations. It explores genetic factors that contribute to depression and describes the effect of monoaminergic systems in the central nervous system. Next, the book profiles the rise of psychopharmacology in the treatment of depression and the research into serotonin and monoamine reuptake inhibitors. It examines the role of the glutamatergic, endocannabinoid, and opioid systems in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, as well as the effect of biological rhythms on the human body. Later chapters review the role of CRF-related ligands, CRF receptors, HPA axis activity, and glucocorticoid receptors in the regulation of the stress response and depression. They also describe cytokine modulation of molecular mechanisms. They examine the role of neuropeptide Y, nitric oxide, beta-arrestins, BDNF, and phosphodiesterases, and discuss the use of tachykinin antagonists in treatment. Finally, they analyze the neurobiological basis for the development of new antidepressant agents. Exploring myriad aspects of a disease that plagues a large percentage of the population worldwide, this volume captures the state of the science of this debilitating disorder, facilitating further research and discovery.

The Neuroscience of Depression

The Neuroscience of Depression Book
Author : Colin R. Martin,Lan-Anh Hunter,Vinod B. Patel,Victor R. Preedy,Rajkumar Rajendram
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-05
ISBN : 0128179368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neuroscience of Depression: Genetics, Cell Biology, Neurology, Behaviour and Diet is a comprehensive reference to the aspects, features and effects of depression. This book provides readers with the behavior and psychopathological effects of depression, linking anxiety, anger and PSTD to depression. Readers are provided with a detailed outline of the genetic aspects of depression including synaptic genes and the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of depression, followed by a thorough analysis of the neurological and imaging techniques used to study depression. This book also includes three full sections on the various effects of depression, including diet, nutrition and molecular and cellular effects. The Neuroscience of Depression: Genetics, Cell Biology, Neurology, Behaviour and Diet is the only resource for researchers and practitioners studying depression. Features a section on neurological and imaging, including SPECT Neuroimaging Analyzes how diet and nutrition effect depression Examines the molecular and cellular effects of depression Covers genetics of depression Includes more than 250 illustrations and tables

Resting state brain activity Implications for systems neuroscience

Resting state brain activity  Implications for systems neuroscience Book
Author : Vinod Menon,Lucina Q. Uddin
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 2889190412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on resting state brain activity using fMRI offers a novel approach for understanding brain organization at the systems level. Resting state fMRI examines spatial synchronization of intrinsic fluctuations in blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) signals arising from neuronal and synaptic activity that is present in the absence of overt cognitive information processing. Since the discovery of coherent spontaneous fluctuations within the somatomotor system (Biswal, et al. 1995), a growing number of studies have shown that many of the brain areas engaged during various cognitive tasks also form coherent large-scale brain networks that can be readily identified using resting state fMRI. These studies are beginning to provide new insights into the functional architecture of the human brain. This Research Topic will synthesize current knowledge about resting state brain activity and discuss their implications for understanding brain function and dysfunction from a systems neuroscience perspective. This topic will also provide perspectives on important conceptual and methodological questions that the field needs to address in the next years. In addition to invited reviews and perspectives, we solicit research articles on theoretical, experimental and clinical questions related to the nature, origins and functions of resting state brain activity.

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem Book
Author : H. Isaac Chen,John F. Burke,Akiva S. Cohen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 2889450988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is traditionally viewed as an anatomic and neuropathological condition. Caring for TBI patients is a matter of defining the extent of an anatomical lesion, managing this lesion, and minimizing secondary brain injury. On the research side, the effects of TBI often are studied in the context of neuronal and axonal degeneration and the subsequent deposition of abnormal proteins such as tau. These approaches form the basis of our current understanding of TBI, but they pay less attention to the function of the affected organ, the brain. Much can be learned about TBI by studying this disorder on a systems neuroscience level and correlating changes in neural circuitry with neurological and cognitive function. There are several aspects of TBI that are a natural fit for this perspective, including post-traumatic epilepsy, consciousness, and cognitive sequelae. How individual neurons contribute to network activity and how network function responds to injury are key concepts in examining these areas. In recent years, the available tools for studying the role of neuronal assemblies in TBI have become increasingly sophisticated, ranging from optogenetic and electrophysiological techniques to advanced imaging modalities such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography. Further progress in understanding the disruption and subsequent reshaping of networks is likely to have substantial benefits in the treatment of patients with TBI-associated deficits. In this Frontiers Topic, we intend to highlight the systems neuroscience approach to studying TBI. In addition to analyzing the clinical sequelae of TBI in this context, this series of articles explores the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying network dysfunction, including alterations in synaptic activity, changes in neural oscillation patterns, and disruptions in functional connectivity. We also include articles on treatment options for TBI patients that modulate network function. It is our hope that this Frontiers Topic will increase the clinical and scientific communities’ awareness of this viable framework for deepening our knowledge of TBI and improving patient outcomes.

Handbook of in Vivo Neural Plasticity Techniques

Handbook of in Vivo Neural Plasticity Techniques Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-01
ISBN : 0128120274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of in Vivo Neural Plasticity Techniques, Volume 28: A Systems Neuroscience Approach to the Neural Basis of Memory and Cognition gives a comprehensive overview of the current methods and approaches that are used to study neural plasticity from a systems neuroscience perspective. In addition, the book offers in-depth methodological advice that provides the necessary foundation for researchers establishing methods and students who need to understand the theoretical and methodological bases of these approaches. This is the ideal resource for anyone new to the study of cognitive and behavioral neuroscience who seeks an introduction to state-of-the-art techniques. Offers a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art approaches to studying neuroplasticity in vivo Combines discussions of theoretical underpinnings with the methodological and technical aspects necessary to guarantee success Arranged in a uniform format that clearly and concisely lays out descriptions, methods and the pitfalls of various techniques

Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression

Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression Book
Author : Paul D. Chantler,Kevin T. Larkin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-27
ISBN : 0128150165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression provides an in-depth examination on how exposure to stress influences risk for cardiovascular disease and how depression is associated with this relationship. This authoritative volume examines causal pathways linking stress, depression and cardiovascular disease. In addition, it provides mechanistic insights into how environmental stress can lead to cardiovascular diseases. Current information about mechanistic factors, clinical and epidemiological aspects, and management issues associated with stress/depression are presented. These insights demonstrate how the mechanisms behind chronic stress and depression lead to cardiovascular diseases. In addition, their role in existing diseases (such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes) is explored. Provides the latest information on how stress leads to depression and how stress/depression interacts to accelerate cardiovascular diseases, including stroke Delivers insights on how mechanisms of stress/depression affect vasculature Explores how to best research this topic from human and pre-clinical models

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression Book
Author : Bernhard Baune
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-23
ISBN : 0128110740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression: Basic Science and Clinical Applications is the first book to move beyond the established theory of cytokine-induced depression and explore the broader role the immune system plays in this devastating mood disorder. The book fully explores the most recent lines of research into this rapidly advancing field, including alterations of T-cells, the neurobiological implications of neuroinflammation and immune alterations for brain development and function, and the genetic components of neuroinflammation in depression, including the relationships between stress and inflammation that are revealing gene-environment interactions in the disorder. Combining contributions from researchers worldwide, this book provides the most comprehensive discussion available today on the involvement of the innate immune and adaptive immune systems in depressive disorder. Chapters span neuroscience, psychology, clinical applications and future directions, making this book an invaluable resource for advanced students, researchers and practitioners who need to understand the complex and varied role of inflammation and immune responses in depression. Synthesizes current knowledge of inflammation and immunity in depression, ranging from basic neuroscience research, to clinical applications in psychiatry Expands on the long-established theory of cytokine-induced depression to discuss broader involvement of the immune system Explores translational potential of targeting immune dysfunction for clinical interventions

Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience

Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience Book
Author : Charles Zorumski,Eugene Rubin
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-06-03
ISBN : 0199877602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychiatric disorders are brain disorders, reflecting dysfunction within and across neural networks. Advances in functional neuroimaging and cellular neuroscience offer hope of revolutionizing the approach to diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses. This resource presents an introduction to network neuroscience and demonstrates the relationship of advances in this field to the future of psychiatry. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

Computational Systems Neurobiology

Computational Systems Neurobiology Book
Author : N. Le Novère
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-20
ISBN : 9400738587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational neurosciences and systems biology are among the main domains of life science research where mathematical modeling made a difference. This book introduces the many different types of computational studies one can develop to study neuronal systems. It is aimed at undergraduate students starting their research in computational neurobiology or more senior researchers who would like, or need, to move towards computational approaches. Based on their specific project, the readers would then move to one of the more specialized excellent textbooks available in the field. The first part of the book deals with molecular systems biology. Functional genomics is introduced through examples of transcriptomics and proteomics studies of neurobiological interest. Quantitative modelling of biochemical systems is presented in homogeneous compartments and using spatial descriptions. A second part deals with the various approaches to model single neuron physiology, and naturally moves to neuronal networks. A division is focused on the development of neurons and neuronal systems and the book closes on a series of methodological chapters. From the molecules to the organ, thinking at the level of systems is transforming biology and its impact on society. This book will help the reader to hop on the train directly in the tank engine.

Systems Neuroscience

Systems Neuroscience Book
Author : Albert Cheung-Hoi Yu,Lina Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-17
ISBN : 3319945939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition of Advances in Neurobiology brings together experts in the emerging field of Systems Neuroscience to present an overview of this area of research. Topics covered include: how different neural circuits analyze sensory information, form perceptions of the external world, make decisions, and execute movements; how nerve cells behave when connected together to form neural networks; the relationship between molecular and cellular approaches to understanding brain structure and function; the study of high-level mental functions; and studying brain pathologies and diseases with Systems Neuroscience. A hierarchy of biological complexity arises from the genome, transcriptome, proteome, organelles, cells, synapses, circuits, brain regions, the whole brain, and behaviour. The best way to study the brain, the most complex organ in the body composed of 100 billion cells with trillions of interconnections, is with a Systems Biology approach. Systems biology is an inter-disciplinary field that focuses on complex interactions within biological systems to reveal 'emergent properties' - properties of cells and groups of cells functioning as a system whose actual and theoretical description is only possible using Systems Biology techniques.

Clinical Systems Neuroscience

Clinical Systems Neuroscience Book
Author : Kenji Kansaku,Leonardo G. Cohen,Niels Birbaumer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-28
ISBN : 4431550372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The impaired brain has often been difficult to rehabilitate owing to limited knowledge of the brain system. Recently, advanced imaging techniques such as fMRI and MEG have allowed researchers to investigate spatiotemporal dynamics in the living human brain. Consequently, knowledge in systems neuroscience is now rapidly growing. Advanced techniques have found practical application by providing new prosthetics, such as brain–machine interfaces, expanding the range of activities of persons with disabilities, or the elderly. The book’s chapters are authored by researchers from various research fields such as systems neuroscience, rehabilitation, neurology, psychology and engineering. The book explores the latest advancements in neurorehabilitation, plasticity and brain–machine interfaces among others and constitutes a solid foundation for researchers who aim to contribute to the science of brain function disabilities and ultimately to the well-being of patients and the elderly worldwide.

The Nature of Depression

The Nature of Depression Book
Author : Ahmed A. Moustafa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-23
ISBN : 0128176776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Nature of Depression: An Updated Review provides clear connections between psychiatric and neurological disorders. Unlike prior books on depression, this book covers many neurological and psychiatric disorders, including Parkinson’s disease, major depressive disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, PTSD, addiction and anxiety disorder. In addition, this book covers different forms of depression, including transition-induced depression and the development of depression following major life events, including birth of a child, menopause and retirement. Covers depression comorbidity with psychological and neurological disorders Reviews comorbidity with addiction, anxiety, trauma and psychosis Compares the symptoms of subclinical depression to major depression Discusses how stress and sleep impact depression Theorizes the path of depression following negative life transitions

Mood Disorders

Mood Disorders Book
Author : Sudhakar Selvaraj,Paolo Brambilla,Jair C. Soares
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-12-31
ISBN : 1108585248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mood disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder are common mental illnesses, affecting millions of patients worldwide. The application of newly available brain imaging methods to the study of mood disorders holds substantial promise in uncovering the brain mechanisms affected in these illnesses. This comprehensive and authoritative text features contributions from leading international experts, providing easily accessible information on the study of the brain mechanisms involved in the causation of mood disorders and the available treatments. Topics covered include the potential of magnetoencephalography (MEG), neuroimaging brain inflammation in depression, electrophysiology studies in mood disorders, and the applications of machine learning, filling an important gap in available neuropsychiatric literature and highlighting new developments. An invaluable resource for practitioners in the fields of psychiatry, neurology, primary care medicine, and related mental health professions, as well as researchers, students, graduate and post-graduate trainees.

Systems Neuroscience and Rehabilitation

Systems Neuroscience and Rehabilitation Book
Author : Kenji Kansaku,Leonardo Cohen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-16
ISBN : 9784431540083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rapidly growing knowledge in systems neuroscience may contribute to expand the range of activities in persons with disabilities, but in its practical application, cooperation between experts in different research fields is necessary. In this conference, the guest speakers and audiences will be from wide range of research fields; e.g., systems-neuroscience, neurology, engineering, psychology, and the attendees will discuss the possibilities.

The Oxford Handbook of Stress and Mental Health

The Oxford Handbook of Stress and Mental Health Book
Author : Kate L. Harkness,Elizabeth P. Hayden
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-12-17
ISBN : 0190681799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decades of research have unequivocally shown that life stress is a central factor in the onset and course of almost every psychiatric disorder. However, the processes by which stress influences mental health are complex, and the integration of the myriad of biological and psychological systems involved requires a multidisciplinary perspective. Fortunately, scientists working from diverse vantage points have made huge advances in unpacking the complexities of stress-disorder relations. The Oxford Handbook of Stress and Mental Health provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the science of stress and mental health. Topics covered include assessment issues, the role of stress in various mental disorders, developmental influences and individual difference factors that predict reactivity to stress, and treatment of stress-related mental health problems. Internationally recognized scholars in the field of stress and stress-related disorders have contributed their diverse expertise, providing both depth and breadth in terms of understanding stress and mental health. Chapters 1 to 4 provide a critical discussion of assessment issues in the domains of stress exposure and stress response. Chapters 5 to 14 review the relation of stress exposures to a broad range of mental health outcomes across the lifespan. Chapters 15 to 25 are concerned with understanding how the stress response unfolds at both psychological and neurobiological levels. Lastly, Chapters 26 to 33 addresses stress adaptation and resilience, as well as evidence-based treatments for stress and stress-related disorder. This volume will constitute an invaluable resource for students, established scientists, and clinicians looking for a comprehensive treatment of the topic of stress and mental health.

Understanding Depression

Understanding Depression Book
Author : Yong-Ku Kim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 9811065802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, in two volumes, focuses on contemporary issues and dilemmas in relation to depression. The aim is to equip readers with an up-to-date understanding of the clinical and neurobiological underpinnings of depression and their relation to clinical manifestations and the development of more effective treatments. This first volume is devoted specifically to biomedical and neurobiological issues. Detailed information is presented on a wide range of topics, including genetics, molecular and cellular biology, and aspects at the neural circuit and multicellular system levels. Readers will gain a deeper appreciation of the factors and interactions underlying individual variation in responsiveness to stress and vulnerability to depression, as well as a clear understanding of potential treatment targets and causes of treatment resistance based on the latest research. A concluding section considers progress towards precision psychiatry and gender and cultural differences in depression. The companion volume is dedicated to clinical and management issues in depression. Understanding Depression will be an excellent source of information for both researchers and practitioners in the field.

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience Editors Pick 2021

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience     Editors    Pick 2021 Book
Author : Olivia Gosseries,Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-08-10
ISBN : 2889711730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience Editors Pick 2021 book written by Olivia Gosseries,Maria V. Sanchez-Vives, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Neurobiology of Childhood

The Neurobiology of Childhood Book
Author : Susan L. Andersen,Daniel S. Pine
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-13
ISBN : 3642549136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past years there has been rapid progress in the understanding of how early life stress impacts psychopathology in children. The first two parts of this book present the basic principles of brain development and describe the most important neuronal systems. This includes systems involved in emotion processing, cognitive control, and social processes. These first two general sections are followed by an overview about recent research on various neuronal and psychiatric disorders, where environmental exposures and altered brain development play an important role: sleep, autism, ADHD and other developmental forms of psychopathology.

Nanotechnology in Skin Soft Tissue and Bone Infections

Nanotechnology in Skin  Soft Tissue  and Bone Infections Book
Author : Mahendra Rai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-14
ISBN : 3030351475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main goal of the present book is to deal with the role of nanobiotechnology in skin, soft tissue and bone infections since it is difficult to treat the infections due to the development of resistance in them against existing antibiotics. The present interdisciplinary book is very useful for a diverse group of readers including nanotechnologists, medical microbiologists, dermatologists, osteologists, biotechnologists, bioengineers. Nanotechnology in Skin, Soft-Tissue, and Bone Infections is divided into four sections: Section I- includes role of nanotechnology in skin infections such as atopic dermatitis, and nanomaterials for combating infections caused by bacteria and fungi. Section II- incorporates how nanotechnology can be used for soft-tissue infections such as diabetic foot ulcer and other wound infections; Section III- discusses about the nanomaterials in artificial scaffolds bone engineering and bone infections caused by bacteria and fungi; and also about the toxicity issues generated by the nanomaterials in general and nanoparticles in particular. The readers will be immensely enriched by the knowledge of new and emerging nanobiotechnologies in a variety of platforms.