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Sustainable Composites For Lightweight Applications

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Sustainable Composites for Lightweight Applications

Sustainable Composites for Lightweight Applications Book
Author : Hom Dhakal,Sikiru Oluwarotimi Ismail
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0128183179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon and glass fibre reinforced composite materials have been used for many years in several different types of applications. However, these conventional composites are derived from non-renewable reinforcements and they pose a significant threat to the environment. Government legislation and consumer behaviour have recently forced many industries to adapt sustainable composites. Industries such as automotive, marine and aerospace are now seeking sustainable lightweight composites with the aim to reduce the overall weight of the components with enhanced materials and design aspects. Therefore, there is high demand on research for the development of sustainable lightweight composites. This book presents a comprehensive review of lightweight composites with the central aim to increase their use in key industrial sectors such as automotive, marine and aerospace. There is no such book currently available that is dedicated to sustainable lightweight applications covering important topics such as key drivers for lightweight composites, mechanical properties, damage characterisation, durability and environmental aspects. Key topics that are addressed include: The roles of reinforcements and matrices in composite materials Sustainable natural fibre reinforcements and their morphological structures Lightweight applications and properties requirements Design, manufacturing processes and their effects on properties Testing and damage characterisation of composite materials Sustainable composites and techniques for property enhancement Future trends and challenges for sustainable composites in lightweight applications It will be a valuable reference resource for those working in material Science, polymer science, materials engineering, and industries involved in the manufacture of automotive and aerospace components from lightweight composite materials. Provides a comprehensive review of sustainable lightweight composites looking at key industrial applications such as automotive, marine, and aerospace and construction Important relationships between structure and properties are analysed in detail Enhancement of properties through hybrid systems, are also explored with emphasis on design, materials selection and manufacturing techniques

Sustainable Composites for Lightweight Applications

Sustainable Composites for Lightweight Applications Book
Author : Hom Dhakal,Sikiru Oluwarotimi Ismail
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 0128183160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon and glass fibre reinforced composite materials have been used for many years in several different types of applications. However, these conventional composites are derived from non-renewable reinforcements and they pose a significant threat to the environment. Government legislation and consumer behaviour have recently forced many industries to adapt sustainable composites. Industries such as automotive, marine and aerospace are now seeking sustainable lightweight composites with the aim to reduce the overall weight of the components with enhanced materials and design aspects. Therefore, there is high demand on research for the development of sustainable lightweight composites. This book presents a comprehensive review of lightweight composites with the central aim to increase their use in key industrial sectors such as automotive, marine and aerospace. There is no such book currently available that is dedicated to sustainable lightweight applications covering important topics such as key drivers for lightweight composites, mechanical properties, damage characterisation, durability and environmental aspects. Key topics that are addressed include: The roles of reinforcements and matrices in composite materials Sustainable natural fibre reinforcements and their morphological structures Lightweight applications and properties requirements Design, manufacturing processes and their effects on properties Testing and damage characterisation of composite materials Sustainable composites and techniques for property enhancement Future trends and challenges for sustainable composites in lightweight applications It will be a valuable reference resource for those working in material Science, polymer science, materials engineering, and industries involved in the manufacture of automotive and aerospace components from lightweight composite materials. Provides a comprehensive review of sustainable lightweight composites looking at key industrial applications such as automotive, marine, and aerospace and construction Important relationships between structure and properties are analysed in detail Enhancement of properties through hybrid systems, are also explored with emphasis on design, materials selection and manufacturing techniques

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications Book
Author : Omar Faruk,Jimi Tjong,Mohini Sain
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 1351649000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Automotive manufacturers are required to decrease CO2 emissions and increase fuel economy while assuring driver comfort and safety. In recent years, there has been rapid development in the application of lightweight and sustainable materials in the automotive industry to help meet these criteria. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results of various lightweight and sustainable materials in automotive applications. It discusses current applications and future trends of lightweight materials in the automotive area. While there are a few books published mainly focusing on automotive applications of metallic lightweight materials, to date there is no available book focusing on a broad spectrum of lightweight materials, including metal, plastic, composites, bio-fiber, bio-polymer, carbon fiber, glass fiber, nanomaterials, rubber materials, and foaming materials, as this work does. The book also includes case studies of commercial lightweight automotive parts from sustainable lightweight materials, providing an invaluable resource to those involved in this in-demand research and commercialization area.

Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications

Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-04-27
ISBN : 0081021380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications presents innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. It covers fundamental structural and chemical knowledge and explores various properties and characterization techniques, including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. Users will find a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as in energy, electronics, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and future applications, and is an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Presents fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Contains extensive reviews on cutting-edge research for future applications in a variety of industries

Sustainable Composites

Sustainable Composites Book
Author : Anil N. Netravali,Christopher M. Pastore
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2014-09-24
ISBN : 1605951110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive introduction to composites from natural and recycled biomaterialsCovers fabrication, mechanical analysis and modeling of green compositesNew ideas for cost-effective alternative matrices, fibers and additivesApplications to construction, automotive, and civil engineering An important contribution to the evolution of composites technology, this book is a systematic investigation of how natural biomaterials are used to create cost-effective and environmentally sound composites for commercial use. The book shows how a wide range of plant- and animal-based materials are integrated into the design and fabrication of matrices and reinforcements for polymeric and other types of composites. In addition, a focus is placed on modeling and mechanical analyses of biobased composites, providing valuable data on their performance. Sustainable composites are shown to be viable alternatives for manufactured components in automotive, civil engineering and construction applications.

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Lothar Kroll
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-08-25
ISBN : 0429534299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive account of developments in the area of lightweight polymer composites. It encompasses design and manufacturing methods for the lightweight polymer structures, various techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. The book highlights fundamental research in lightweight polymer structures and integrates various aspects from synthesis to applications of these materials. Features Serves as a one stop reference with contributions from leading researchers from industry, academy, government, and private research institutions across the globe Explores all important aspects of lightweight polymer composite structures Offers an update of concepts, advancements, challenges, and application of lightweight structures Current status, trends, future directions, and opportunities are discussed, making it friendly for both new and experienced researchers.

Advances in Lightweight Materials and Structures

Advances in Lightweight Materials and Structures Book
Author : A. Praveen Kumar,Tatacipta Dirgantara,P. Vamsi Krishna
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-14
ISBN : 9811578273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Lightweight Materials and Structures (ICALMS) 2020, and discusses the triad of processing, structure, and various properties of lightweight materials. It provides a well-balanced insight into materials science and mechanics of both synthetic and natural composites. The book includes topics such as nano composites for lightweight structures, impact and failure of structures, biomechanics and biomedical engineering, nanotechnology and micro-engineering, tool design and manufacture for producing lightweight components, joining techniques for lightweight structures for similar and dissimilar materials, design for manufacturing, reliability and safety, robotics, automation and control, fatigue and fracture mechanics, and friction stir welding in lightweight sandwich structures. The book also discusses latest research in composite materials and their applications in the field of aerospace, construction, wind energy, automotive, electronics and so on. Given the range of topics covered, this book can be a useful resource for beginners, researchers and professionals interested in the wide ranging applications of lightweight structures.

Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials

Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials Book
Author : Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-25
ISBN : 1782421270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural fiber-reinforced composites have the potential to replace synthetic composites, leading to less expensive, stronger and more environmentally-friendly materials. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers. Part I contains chapters on bast fibers, Part II; leaf fibers, Part III; seed fibers, Part IV; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally Part V covers wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. Each chapter reviews a specific type of biofiber providing detailed information on the sources of each fiber, their cultivation, how to process and prepare them, and how to integrate them into composite materials. The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers - bast, leaf, seed; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses

20th Symposium on Composites

20th Symposium on Composites Book
Author : Christian Edtmaier,Guillermo Requena
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-07-13
ISBN : 3038269859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 20th Symposium on Composites, July 1-3, 2015, Vienna, Austria. The 137 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Polymer Matrix Composites; Chapter 2: Metal Matrix Composites and Interpenetrating Materials; Chapter 3: Ceramic Matrix Composites; Chapter 4: Hybrid Structures, Laminates; Chapter 5: Structural Health Monitoring; Chapter 6: Coatings; Chapter 7: Modelling, Simulation; Chapter 8: Manufacturing Technology, Components/Products/Applications; Chapter 9: Testing and Characterization; Chapter 10: Cemented carbides, Cermets, Wear and Abrasion Materials; Chapter 11: Bio-Composites; Chapter 12: Recycling & Sustainability, Building Materials

Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers Principles Techniques and Applications

Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers  Principles  Techniques  and Applications Book
Author : Emmanuel Isaac Akpan,Samson Oluropo Adeosun
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-17
ISBN : 3030187926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to provide wide understanding of lignin carbon fiber processes, chemistry, mechanisms, and techniques that will help in further development of lignin carbon fiber for automobile, aerospace, marine, and sports equipment applications. Each step in the processing of lignin carbon fibers is presented as a separate chapter so that issues concerning the processes are exhaustively discussed. Basic scientific principles governing each stage of lignin carbon fiber processing, current state of research and mechanisms behind the processes are illustrated for better understanding. This is the first book to address the entire scope of lignin carbon fiber processing including; extraction, quantification, purification, melt processing, stabilization, carbonization, optimization of processes, and characterization. Presents detailed information on the chemistry, processing, principles and properties of bio-sourced lignin for carbon fiber production; Highlights techniques of recovery and properties of lignin from agricultural waste sources; Addresses applications in automobile, aircraft, marine, and sport industries; Provides insight into the lignin complex macromolecular system, the role of lignin chemistry as it relates to carbon fiber production and the evolution of lignin carbon fiber structure during processing.

2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials ICoSM 2013

2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials  ICoSM 2013  Book
Author : Ruhiyuddin Mohd Zaki,Che Pa Faizul,Darus Murizam
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-09-04
ISBN : 3038261920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This volume covers all aspects of sustainable materials engineering on a fundamental and technological level, with focus on the materials recycling related industries. It addresses both technological and sustainability issues related with materials recycling and value adding waste or low-grade materials as well as reinforcing materials for products.

Nanocarbon Inorganic Hybrids

Nanocarbon Inorganic Hybrids Book
Author : Dominik Eder,Robert Schlögl
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2014-08-20
ISBN : 3110269864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocarbon-Inorganic Hybrids is dedicated exclusively to the new family of functional materials, covering a multidisciplinary research field that combines materials science, chemistry and physics with nanotechnology and applied energy science. It provides a concise introduction into fundamental principles of nanocarbons, defines hybrids and composites, explains the physics behind sustainability, and illustrates requirements for successful implementation in energy applications. It further reviews the current research on developing concepts for designing nanocarbon hybrids, unravels mechanistic details of interfacial electron transfer processes and highlights future challenges and perspectives associated with exploiting these exciting new materials in commercial energy applications and beyond. This comprehensively written book is indispensable for Master and PhD students seeking to become familiar with a modern fi eld of knowledge-driven material science as well as for senior researchers and industrial staff scientists who explore the frontiers of knowledge.

Sustainable Design and Manufacturing 2017

Sustainable Design and Manufacturing 2017 Book
Author : Giampaolo Campana,Robert J. Howlett,Rossi Setchi,Barbara Cimatti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-31
ISBN : 3319570781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing (SDM-17) held in Bologna, Italy, in April 2017. The conference covered a wide range of topics from cutting-edge sustainable product design and service innovation, sustainable processes and technology for the manufacturing of sustainable products, sustainable manufacturing systems and enterprises, decision support for sustainability, and the study of the societal impact of sustainability including research for circular economy. Application areas are wide and varied, and the book provides an excellent overview of the latest research and development in the area of Sustainable Design and Manufacturing.

Lignin in Polymer Composites

Lignin in Polymer Composites Book
Author : Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-10-24
ISBN : 0323355668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Fiber Reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Infrastructure Applications

Fiber Reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites for Infrastructure Applications Book
Author : Ravi Jain,Luke Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-02
ISBN : 9400723571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines current issues of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in civil infrastructure. The contents of this book are divided into two parts. The first part engages topics related to durability and service life of FRP composites and how they contribute to sustainability. The second part highlights implementation and applications of the FRP composites with an emphasis on bridge structures. An introductory chapter provides an overview of FRP composites and its role in a sustainable built environment highlighting the issues of durability and service life followed by a current review of sustainability in infrastructure design.​

Kenaf A Multi Purpose Crop for Several Industrial Applications

Kenaf  A Multi Purpose Crop for Several Industrial Applications Book
Author : Andrea Monti,Efthimia Alexopoulou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-06
ISBN : 1447150678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural plant fibers fibres are being increasingly used in manufacturing industrial products because of their renewable and biodegradable natures. Kenaf is an annual bast fibre crop that can provide fibres for several industrial applications (composites, insulation mats, absorbents, bedding material, etc.) as well as raw material for energy exploitation (solid biofuels). Kenaf: A Multi-Purpose Crop for Several Industrial Applications introduces the physiology and field management of kenaf, agronomy, productivity, harvesting as well as its the industrial and energy uses of this promising non-food crop. Including recent research collected by the BIOKENAF project, Kenaf: A Multi-Purpose Crop for Several Industrial Applications provides a global picture of state of the art research and developments with Kenaf from Asia, USA and Australia. This thorough introduction if followed up with an assessment of the crops economic viability as well as an the environmental impact assessment of kenaf. Although not a new crop, Kenaf: A Multi-Purpose Crop for Several Industrial Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to this crop and its developing applications for energy engineers, industry managers, politicians and managers working to develop sustainable energy sources and bio-economies.

Development of Locally Available Sandwich Composite for Sustainable Lightweight Structures

Development of Locally Available Sandwich Composite for Sustainable Lightweight Structures Book
Author : Areej Thabit Al malkawi
Publisher :
Release : 2020
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aerated slurry-infiltrated chicken mesh was evaluated as a lightweight and structurally resilient material for building construction. Aerated slurry with relatively low structural qualities was shown to perform favorably when used as a matrix with chicken mesh reinforcement in structural applications. The high specific surface area of chicken mesh and the close spacing of its wires (when used at 2-4% volume fraction) effectively enhance the mechanical performance and dimensional stability of the aerated slurry. The chicken mesh structural behavior also benefits significantly from embedment in the aerated slurry, which mitigates the reorientation tendency of the chicken mesh wires under tension. This effect enables mobilization of the tensile load-carrying capacity of the wires in chicken mesh at structurally viable deformations.A comprehensive experimental program was undertaken at materials and structures levels in order to develop aerated slurry-infiltrated chicken mesh materials and structural systems with a desired balance of strength, ductility and hysteretic energy dissipation capacity. The bulk density of the aerated slurry and the chicken mesh volume fraction were some key variables in the design of the new (composite) building material. With proper selection of these variables, the synergistic actions of the aerated slurry and the chicken mesh in the context of the composite material were confirmed. Empirical models were developed for the mechanical performance of this composite material. In the future, the structural performance of this composite material may be verified by constructing a full-scale building system and conducting shaking table tests.

Textiles Polymers and Composites for Buildings

Textiles  Polymers and Composites for Buildings Book
Author : G Pohl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-09-27
ISBN : 1845699998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textiles, polymers and composites are increasingly being utilised within the building industry. This pioneering text provides a concise and representative overview of the opportunities available for textile, polymer and composite fibres to be used in construction and architecture. The first set of chapters examine the main types and properties of textiles, polymers and composites used in buildings. Key topics include the types and production of textiles, the use of polymer foils and fibre reinforced polymer composites as well as textiles and coatings for tensioned membrane structures. The second part of the book presents a selection of applications within the building industry. Chapters range from the use of textiles in tensile structures, sustainable building concepts with textile materials, innovative composite-fibre applications for architecture, to smart textile and polymer fibres for structural health monitoring. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings is an important reference for architects, fabric manufacturers, fibre-composite experts, civil engineers, building designers, academics and students. Provides a concise and representative overview of the opportunities available for textile, polymer and composite fibres to be used in construction Provides an insight into how high-tech textiles already influence our daily lives as well as potential applications in modern buildings Features a thorough discussion of technical characteristics and requirements of textiles used for buildings and construction