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Sustainable Biopolymer Composites

Sustainable Biopolymer Composites Book
Author : Deepak Verma,Mohit Sharma,Kheng Lim Goh,Siddharth Jain,Himani Sharma
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 0128222921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Biopolymer Composites: Biocompatibility, Self-healing, Modeling, Repair and Recyclability focuses on sustainable polymer composites also referred to as bio- composites. Vital aspects such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, repair and recyclability are discussed in detail. In addition, complexities like rapid and scalable processing, onsite repair, and minimal environmental effects are also covered along with the appropriateness of advanced polymer composites for structural applications in automotive, aviation and marine industries. This book will be an indispensable resource for scientists, engineers, physicists and chemists who are interested in the preparation, applications and repair analysis of bio-based composites and nano-composites for different types of applications. The composites repair process is extremely complex, hence it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of damage mechanisms to apply the most suitable repair technique. Damage assessment using onsite inspection, e.g., NDT, THz techniques and the automated repair process for reliability and repeatability, are vital parameters when executing bonded composite repair. Furthermore, overall integrity and structural health monitoring of composites repair is also necessary. Features detailed information on damage detection, failure analysis and repair of advanced bio-polymer composites Emphasizes biocompatibility, degradation and recyclability of these materials Features key chapters on molecular dynamics, multi-scale modeling and self-healing Presents a roadmap for materials selection, processing and industrial utilization for a broad range of applications

Sustainable Engineering of Biopolymer Composites

Sustainable Engineering of Biopolymer Composites Book
Author : Cecily A. Ryan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodegradable plastics and composites have the potential to replace traditional plastics and their composites in a variety of applications, thereby enabling sustainable material and energy life-cycles. The envisioned material life-cycle that is investigated here, is a microbially produced class of bioplastics, poly(hydoxyalkanoates) (PHAs), which can be anaerobically degraded at the end of their serviceable life into a methane-rich feedstock. By recovering methane produced from controlled anaerobic digestion (AD) of this bioplastic and its composites at end-of-life, these materials can be engineered to create a sustainable and industrially viable material cycle. The application primarily addressed in this work is biodegradable wood-plastic composites (WPCs), bio-WPCs, that can be used in large-volume applications, such as the construction industry. This work is also applicable to bioplastic applications, such as containers and packaging. Widespread adoption of these and other bioplastic-natural fiber composites has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the consumption of fossil fuels as a material feedstock, and the accumulation of plastic in the environment and in landfills. In order understand and engineer this material cycle, one must understand the biogas production properties, such as rate and quantity, in the end-of-life anaerobic degradation process. This work investigates relationship between processing, properties, and biodegradation of biodegradable polymers (bioplastics) and biocomposites by (i) evaluating kinetic models to for bioplastic degradation and methane recovery, (ii) developing a methodology that can be used to predict and model methane generation from bioplastics and biocomposites, and (iii) investigating the anaerobic degradation mechanisms of these materials in simulated anaerobic landfills or AD facilities. The results from this work can be used as inputs to life-cycle assessments of material end-of-life, to help optimize biocomposite materials properties, and design future resource recovery centers targeted for biopolymer and biocomposite degradation, methane collection, and biopolymer production.

Sustainable Carbon Dioxide Based Polymer Blends and Natural Fiber Composites

Sustainable Carbon Dioxide Based Polymer Blends and Natural Fiber Composites Book
Author : Eugene Enriquez
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis is an investigation to enhance the efforts of advancing the CO2 based polymer technology and addresses the issue of carbon emission. The target of this study was to utilize poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC), to develop sustainable biopolymer blends and biocomposites for various applications. This thesis is divided into 3 studies: (1) biopolymer blends of PPC with poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV), (2) switchgrass surface modification via alkali and bleach treatments, (3) biocomposites from the chosen biopolymer blend and untreated and treated switchgrass. Incorporating PHBV into PPC was capable of improving thermal and mechanical performance with the added bonus of improving the dimensional stability of the material. Surface modification of switchgrass increased the cellulose content and enhanced the surface roughness of the fiber showing promising results for use in composite applications. Enhancement of the mechanical properties for the chosen blend was observed upon the addition of untreated and treated switchgrass into the system.

Renewable and Sustainable Composites

Renewable and Sustainable Composites Book
Author : António Pereira,Fabio Fernandes
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 1789842158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composites are used in a wide range of applications, from electronics to the aeronautical industry. The excellent mechanical properties and low-specific weight of composites are the basis of many structural applications. Despite the progress achieved, there are significant obstacles to the generalisation of structural applications of composites, mainly due to their high cost and complex mechanical behaviour. In fact, there is currently insufficient knowledge regarding the mechanical properties and failure mechanisms of composites made from renewable and sustainable materials. This book focuses on composites from natural and renewable resources, including the enhancement of their properties with additives such as biodegradable nanomaterials, their mechanical characterisation, tailoring of properties for specific applications and their processing.

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications Book
Author : Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-05
ISBN : 0128221232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 1 reviews key polymers found in nature, their characterization and modification, and processes for using them in the development of metal nanoparticles. Beginning with an introduction to both green chemistry and biopolymers in Part 1, the book goes on to outline the classification of biopolymers in Part 2, with specific details on polysaccharides, proteins and polypeptides, lignin, and polylactic acid. Properties of biopolymers, including biodegradability and toxicity, are the focus of Part 3, before Part 4 goes on to discuss synthesis and characterization. Reviews novel sources of polymers with high potential as green media for synthesizing nanostructures Provides technological details on the synthesis of natural polymer-based metal nanoparticles Highlights the use of natural polymer supports and the impact of their properties on stability, morphology and scale of nanostructures

Sustainable Fibres for Fashion Industry

Sustainable Fibres for Fashion Industry Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Miguel Angel Gardetti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-23
ISBN : 9811005222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all sustainable fibres applicable in the fashion sector and discusses their importance in the context of sustainability. It is the first of its kind to address all the minute details pertaining to these fibres and to connect these fibres with the world of sustainable fashion. It stresses their importance in developing sustainable apparel, since fibres play a major role as the starting point in the life cycle of clothing.

Biopolymers and Composites

Biopolymers and Composites Book
Author : Samy A. Madbouly,Chaoqun Zhang
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-10-04
ISBN : 1501521942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing interest in replacing petroleum-based products by inexpensive, renewable, natural materials will have a significant impact on sustainability, environment, and the polymer industry. This book provides scientists a useful framework to help take advantage of the latest research conducted in this rapidly advancing field enabling them to develop and commercialize their own products quickly and more successfully.

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites Book
Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-09-24
ISBN : 0128203382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites reviews recent scientific findings on the production and use of sustainable polymers and composites as innovative new materials. The book discusses the importance of sustainable polymers in terms of current practices and how to address environmental and economic issues. Attention is focused on the physical, chemical and electrical properties of these composites. The book also looks at the lifecycle of both single and hybrid polymers and nanocomposites, with chapters covering the latest research findings on sustainable polymer composites with various filler loadings and their improvement on compatibility. From the viewpoint of polymer composites, this book covers not only well-known sustainable future trends in sustainable polymers and composites, but also advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers that achieve better physical and mechanical results. Features advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers Emphasizes the modeling and prediction of thermal, rheological and mechanical behavior Covers various types of fillers and different reinforcement agents Focuses on all aspects of fabrication, characterization and applications Addresses sustainability approaches and solutions

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics Book
Author : Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,John-John Cabibihan,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Mariam Ali S A Al-Maadeed,Jaehwan Kim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-10
ISBN : 0081009747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics examines the current state-of-the-art in the electronic application based on biopolymer composites. Covering the synthesis, dispersion of fillers, characterization and fabrication of the composite materials, the book will help materials scientists and engineers address the challenges posed by the increased use of biopolymeric materials in electronic applications. The influence of preparation techniques on the generation of micro, meso, and nanoscale fillers, and the effect of filler size and dispersion on various biopolymers are discussed in detail. Applications covered include sensors, actuators, optics, fuel cells, photovoltaics, dielectrics, electromagnetic shielding, piezoelectrics, flexible displays, and microwave absorbers. In addition, characterization techniques are discussed and compared, enabling scientists and engineers to make the correct choice of technique. This book is a ‘one-stop’ reference for researchers, covering the entire state-of-the-art in biopolymer electronics. Written by a collection of expert worldwide contributors from industry, academia, government, and private research institutions, it is an outstanding reference for researchers in the field of biopolymer composites for advanced technologies. Enables researchers to keep up with the rapid development of biopolymer electronics, which offer light, flexible, and more cost-effective alternatives to conventional materials of solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and transistors Includes thorough coverage of the physics and chemistry behind biopolymer composites, helping readers to become rapidly acquainted with the fiel Provides in-depth information on the range of biopolymer applications in electronics, from printed flexible conductors and novel semiconductor components, to intelligent labels, large area displays, and solar panels

Design for Sustainability

Design for Sustainability Book
Author : S.M. Sapuan,Muhd Ridzuan Mansor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-13
ISBN : 0128194421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design for Sustainability: Green Materials and Processes provides fundamental and practical knowledge surrounding product development applications throughout the entire lifecycle of green materials, ranging from conceptual design, material and manufacturing process selection, and environmental lifecycle assessment. In addition, several topics covering recent advances in the application of sustainable design within the automotive, building and construction, packaging and consumer product industries are also included in this book to provide practical examples of this philosophy in current applications. Lastly, a section on implementation of design for sustainability in education is added to aid readers that wish to introduce this philosophy to younger students. This book will be beneficial to researchers, students in higher education institutions, design practitioners and engineers in private and public sector organization with aspirations to develop sustainable products in the future. Design for sustainability is one of the primary focuses in human advancement nowadays, with the aim of developing products and services that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Provides an overview on materials and process design for sustainability Discusses theoretical aspects about design for sustainability Includes a discussion of the most recent advances and applications in design for sustainability

Cellulose Nanoparticles Volumes 2

Cellulose Nanoparticles  Volumes 2 Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Elisabete Frollini,Janet Scott
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 1788017943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cellulose Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Manufacturing concentrates on advanced high performance cellulose nanocomposites.

Sustainable Design in Textiles and Fashion

Sustainable Design in Textiles and Fashion Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Miguel Ángel Gardetti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9811624666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the Eco-design or Sustainable design in textiles and fashion, aimed at reducing their environmental impact throughout their life cycle. Sustainable design is one of the core elements practiced in various industrial sectors. The textiles and fashion sector, is also creating a huge environmental brunt in terms of various fibres, processes, consumption of various resources including dyes, chemicals and auxiliaries, etc,. Thus, sustainable design is the key to reduce the environmental impacts made out of textiles and fashion products. This book includes seven informative chapters to decipher the concept and applications of sustainable design in textiles and fashion.

Handbook of Sustainable Polymers

Handbook of Sustainable Polymers Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 9814613568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable polymers play an indispensable role in the emergence of green materials, and the 21st century is an era of sustainable polymeric materials. Sustainable polymer–based materials have attracted considerable interest because of the energy crisis and ecological concerns as well as the potential to substitute certain petroleum-derived materials. This book covers the fundamentals of sustainable polymers and presents guidelines in a logical and clear manner for students and researchers to follow. It is a milestone that will help accelerate the progress and advancement in the field of sustainable polymers. The text explores the structure and chemistry of various sustainable polymers, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, chitosan, starch, guar gum, pectin, and protein, for the possible development of green sustainable materials.

Tribology of Polymer and Polymer Composites for Industry 4 0

Tribology of Polymer and Polymer Composites for Industry 4 0 Book
Author : Hemalata Jena
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 9811639035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Tribology of Polymer and Polymer Composites for Industry 4 0 book written by Hemalata Jena, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites Book
Author : Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-01
ISBN : 3030053997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.

Sustainable Design and Manufacturing

Sustainable Design and Manufacturing Book
Author : Steffen G. Scholz,Robert J. Howlett,Rossi Setchi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-19
ISBN : 9811661286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of peer-reviewed papers, presented at the International Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing (SDM 2021). Leading-edge research into sustainable design and manufacturing aims to enable the manufacturing industry to grow by adopting more advanced technologies and at the same time improve its sustainability by reducing its environmental impact. Relevant themes and topics include sustainable design, innovation and services; sustainable manufacturing processes and technology; sustainable manufacturing systems and enterprises; and decision support for sustainability. Application areas are wide and varied. The book will provide an excellent overview of the latest developments in the sustainable design and manufacturing area.

Green Composites

Green Composites Book
Author : Caroline Baillie,Randika Jayasinghe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-09-01
ISBN : 1845690397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is an increasing movement of scientists and engineers who are dedicated to minimising the environmental impact of polymer composite production. Life cycle assessment is of paramount importance at every stage of a product’s life, from initial synthesis through to final disposal and a sustainable society needs environmentally safe materials and processing methods. With an internationally recognised team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters look at why we should consider green composites, their design and life cycle assessment. The properties of natural fibre sources such as cellulose and wood are then discussed. Chapter 6 examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as an alternative solution and polymers derived from natural sources are covered in Chapter 7. The factors that influence the properties of these natural composites and natural fibre thermoplastic composites are detailed in Chapters 8 and 9. The final four chapters consider clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation and reprocessing. Green composites is an essential guide for agricultural crop producers, government agricultural departments, automotive companies, composite producers and material scientists all dedicated to the promotion and practice of eco-friendly materials and production methods. Reviews fibre reinforced polymer composite production Explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life-cycle

Synthesis and Applications of Biopolymer Composites

Synthesis and Applications of Biopolymer Composites Book
Author : Ana María Díez-Pascual,Patrizia Cinelli
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-07-23
ISBN : 3039211323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, as a collection of 17 research articles, provides a selection of the most recent advances in the synthesis, characterization, and applications of environmentally friendly and biodegradable biopolymer composites and nanocomposites. Recently, the demand has been growing for a clean and pollution-free environment and an evident target regarding the minimization of fossil fuel usage. Therefore, much attention has been focused on research to replace petroleum-based commodity plastics by biodegradable materials arising from biological and renewable resources. Biopolymers—polymers produced from natural sources either chemically from a biological material or biosynthesized by living organisms—are suitable alternatives for addressing these issues due to their outstanding properties, including good barrier performance, biodegradation ability, and low weight. However, they generally possess poor mechanical properties, a short fatigue life, low chemical resistance, poor long-term durability, and limited processing capability. In order to overcome these deficiencies, biopolymers can be reinforced with fillers or nanofillers (with at least one of their dimensions in the nanometer range). Bionanocomposites are advantageous for a wide range of applications, such as in medicine, pharmaceutics, cosmetics, food packaging, agriculture, forestry, electronics, transport, construction, and many more.

Applied Biopolymer Technology and Bioplastics

Applied Biopolymer Technology and Bioplastics Book
Author : Neha Kanwar Rawat,Tatiana G. Volova,A. K. Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-30
ISBN : 1000067432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With growing concern for the environment and the rising price of crude oil, there is increasing demand for non-petroleum-based polymers from renewable resources. Recognizing emerging developments in biopolymer systems research, this book brings together a number of key biopolymer and bioplastic topics in one place. The book highlights the importance and impact of eco-friendly green biopolymers and bioplastics, both environmentally and economically. It provides important insight into the diversity of polymers obtained directly from, or derived from, renewable resources. This volume, Applied Biopolymer Technology and Bioplastics: Sustainable Development by Green Engineering Materials, will be valuable for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics, or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. The content of this book will prove useful for students, researchers, and professionals working in the field of green technology.

Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Biopolymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Alain Dufresne,Sabu Thomas,Laly A. Pothan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 1118609905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array of useful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only are they green and sustainable materials, they can also be used to develop a broad range of useful products with special properties, from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. With contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists and materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews the most recent developments and techniques in biopolymer nano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing, properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocomposites developed from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewable resources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organization and approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantage of the latest science and technology in designing these materials and developing new products and applications. It begins with a chapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites. Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-based nanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-based bionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles and their composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrial applications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities in developing and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There are also plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts and techniques. Exploring the full range of applications, Biopolymer Nanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad range of industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering, materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and polymer science. All readers will learn how to create green, sustainable products and applications using these tremendously versatile materials.