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Surfactant Formulation Engineering Using Hld And Nac

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Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC Book
Author : Edgar Acosta,Jeffrey Harwell,David A Sabatini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-10-01
ISBN : 0128214821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation called the hydrophilic-lipophilic difference (HLD). The HLD is a dimensionless number that indicate the approach to the point where the surfactant inverts its solubility from being water-soluble (negative HLD) to oil-soluble (positive HLD). The HLD alone is a good indicator of how the formulation could behave but it does not produce any formulation property that can be used to predict product performance. The net-average curvature (NAC) are a set of equations that take the value of HLD to predict the properties of the formulation, such as oil (and/or water) solubilization capacity, interfacial tension, phase diagrams, contact angle and others. The book will not only introduce the reader to HLD-NAC but also to the practical use of these concepts in numerous applications ranging from application in the petroleum industry, to environmental remediation, to food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications, and even nanotechnology. The last part of the book will look at the molecular origins of the empirical terms in HLD via the Integrated Free Energy Model (IFEM). Concentrates on the HLD and NAC, providing industrially-relevant examples Provides the only single depository for HLD parameters Balances theory and application, with insights from both academic and industrial authors Includes examples relevant to a wide range of fields, with practical guides on how to go from the formulation objective(s) to an actual formulation design

Biobased Surfactants

Biobased Surfactants Book
Author : Douglas G. Hayes,Daniel K. Solaiman,Richard D. Ashby
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 0128127066
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biobased Surfactants: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, Second Edition, covers biosurfactant synthesis and applications and demonstrates how to reduce manufacturing and purification costs, impurities, and by-products. Fully updated, this book covers surfactants in biomedical applications, detergents, personal care, food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and nanotechnology. It reflects on the latest developments in biobased surfactant science and provides case scenarios to guide readers in efficient and effective biobased surfactant application, along with strategies for research into new applications. This book is written from a biorefinery-based perspective by an international team of experts and acts as a key text for researchers and practitioners involved in the synthesis, utilization, and development of biobased surfactants. Describes new and emerging biobased surfactants and their synthesis and development Showcases an interdisciplinary approach to the topic, featuring applications to chemistry, biotechnology, biomedicine, and other areas Presents the entire lifecycle of biobased surfactants in detail

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology Book
Author : K.L. Mittal
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-05-02
ISBN : 1351442333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demonstrating methods for overcoming stability issues in paints, wax dispersions, cosmetics, food products, and other industrial applications, this reference probes theoretical and practical issues surrounding microemulsion science and technology. Featuring the work of 51 international experts and containing almost 1000 instructive tables, equations, and illustrations, this book reviews the performance of, and prospects for, experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, small angle neutron scattering, viscosimetry, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to characterize various aspects of the dispersed phase of microemulsions.

Surfactant Science and Technology

Surfactant Science and Technology Book
Author : Laurence S. Romsted
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-05-05
ISBN : 1439882967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surfactant research explores the forces responsible for surfactant assembly and the critical industrial, medical, and personal applications, including viscosity control, microelectronics, drug stabilization, drug delivery, cosmetics, enhanced oil recovery, and foods. Surfactant Science and Technology: Retrospects and Prospects, "a Festschrift in honor of Dr. Kash Mittal," provides a broad perspective with chapters contributed by leaders in the fields of surfactant-based physical, organic, and materials chemistries. Many of the authors participated in a special symposium in Melbourne, Australia, honoring Kash Mittal’s 100th edited book at the 18th Surfactants in Solution (SIS) meeting. Each chapter provides an overview of a specific research area, with discussions on past, present, and future directions. The book is divided into six parts. Part I reviews the evolution of theoretical models for surfactant self-assembly, and introduces a model for interpreting ion-specific effects on aggregate properties. Part II focuses on interactions of surfactant solutions with solid supports; uses contact angles to understand hydrophobic/hydrophilic changes in a lipid layer; uses surface tension to understand molecular arrangements at interfaces; reviews spreading phenomena; discusses pattern formation on solid surfaces; and applies tensiometry to probe flavor components of espresso. Part III discusses novel DNA-based materials, multifunctional poly(amino acid)s–based graft polymers for drug delivery, and polymeric surfactants for stabilizing suspensions and emulsions. Part IV introduces farm-based biosurfactants from natural products and "greener" biosurfactants from bacteria. Part V explores lyotropic liquid crystals and their applications in triggered drug release; microemulsion properties and controlled drug release; the role of hydrotopes in formulations and in enhancing solubilization in liquid crystals; the potential of ionic liquids to generate tunable and selective reaction media; and provides an overview of stimuli-responsive surfactants. Focusing on emulsions, Part VI reviews the design of emulsion properties for various commercial applications, the role of surfactants in the oil and gas industries, and surfactant mechanisms for soil removal via microemulsions and emulsification.

Microemulsion Systems

Microemulsion Systems Book
Author : Henri L. Rosano,Marc Clausse
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1987-03-27
ISBN : 9780824774394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microemulsion Systems book written by Henri L. Rosano,Marc Clausse, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Surfactants in Cosmetics Second Edition

Surfactants in Cosmetics  Second Edition  Book
Author : Martin Rieger
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 1351412485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

""Second Edition provides a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the fundamental behavior of surface active agents in solutions, their interaction with biological structures from proteins and membranes to the stratum corneum and epidermis, and their performance in formulations such as shampoos, dentifrice, aerosols, and skin cleansers.

SURFACTANT SCIENCE

SURFACTANT SCIENCE Book
Author : Steven Abbott
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-11-28
ISBN : 9781605954844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A concise and practical reference for understanding surfactant systems Offers original formulas and phase diagrams for improved surfactant design and performance¿ Equations related to online computer apps allow readers to test their own data Written in a conversational form, with a focus on real-world problems and troubleshooting Applications to detergents, coatings, cosmetics, soil and water remediation, and biosurfactants Full chapter included on foam and anti-foam science

Microemulsions and Related Systems

Microemulsions and Related Systems Book
Author : Maurice Bourrel,Robert Samuel Schechter
Publisher : Editions TECHNIP
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9782710809562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beginning with P.A. Winsor's fundamental hypothesis on a natural interfacial curvature depending on the values of the formulation variables, this unique book shows scientists how to understand the intrinsic structure of these complex systems and their corresponding physical properties... predict how a change in one formulation variable (surfactant structure, oil structure, aqueous phase composition, temperature, etc.) will modify the microemulsion... and systematically formulate microemulsions for individual applications.This book provides a thermodynamic analysis supporting the existence of natural interfacial curvature... compares the behavior of commercial surfactant mixtures and pure isomeric surfactant molecules in order to point out differences and similarities highly significant for various uses... explains how micelles can evolve smoothly and continuously toward solutions containing large quantities of oil and water... gives procedures for fixing quantitative relationships among formulation variables... plus much more.Illustrated with more than 200 diagrams, tables, and photographs, and completely referenced, this superb volume is essential reading for surfactant, colloid, and physical chemists in both academe and industry, as well as chemical engineers, biotechnologists, and petroleum engineers.Contents: 1. The R-Ratio. 2. Aqueous solutions containing amphiphiles. 3. Nonpolar solutions containing amphiphiles. 4. The phase behavior and properties of solutions containing amphiphiles, organic liquids, and water: micellar solutions. 5. Methods for promoting phase changes. 6. Compensating changes between formulation variables. 7. Solubilization. 8. Thermodynamics of solubilized systems.

Nonionic Surfactants

Nonionic Surfactants Book
Author : Martin J. Schick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1987-03-27
ISBN : 9780824775308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nonionic Surfactants book written by Martin J. Schick, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wormlike Micelles

Wormlike Micelles Book
Author : Cecile A Dreiss,Yujun Feng
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-03-21
ISBN : 178262516X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wormlike micelles are elongated flexible self-assembled structures created from the aggregation of amphiphiles and their resulting dynamic networks have gained attention for a number of uses, particularly in the oil industry. Written by experts, Wormlike Micelles describes the latest developments in the field providing an authoritative guide on the subject. The book starts with an introductory chapter giving an overview of the area and then looks at the three key topics of new wormlike micelle systems, characterization and applications. New systems covered in the first part include reverse wormlike micelles and stimuli-responsive wormlike micelles. The second part explores cutting-edge techniques that have led to advances in the understanding of their structure and dynamics, including direct imaging techniques and the combination of rheology with small-angle neutron scattering techniques. Finally, the book reviews their use in oil and gas well treatments as well as surfactant drag reducing solutions. Aimed at postgraduate students and researchers, this text is essential reading for anyone interested in soft matter systems.

Modern Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery

Modern Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery Book
Author : James Sheng
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2010-11-25
ISBN : 9780080961637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crude oil development and production in U.S. oil reservoirs can include up to three distinct phases: primary, secondary, and tertiary (or enhanced) recovery. During primary recovery, the natural pressure of the reservoir or gravity drive oil into the wellbore, combined with artificial lift techniques (such as pumps) which bring the oil to the surface. But only about 10 percent of a reservoir's original oil in place is typically produced during primary recovery. Secondary recovery techniques to the field's productive life generally by injecting water or gas to displace oil and drive it to a production wellbore, resulting in the recovery of 20 to 40 percent of the original oil in place. In the past two decades, major oil companies and research organizations have conducted extensive theoretical and laboratory EOR (enhanced oil recovery) researches, to include validating pilot and field trials relevant to much needed domestic commercial application, while western countries had terminated such endeavours almost completely due to low oil prices. In recent years, oil demand has soared and now these operations have become more desirable. This book is about the recent developments in the area as well as the technology for enhancing oil recovery. The book provides important case studies related to over one hundred EOR pilot and field applications in a variety of oil fields. These case studies focus on practical problems, underlying theoretical and modelling methods, operational parameters (e.g., injected chemical concentration, slug sizes, flooding schemes and well spacing), solutions and sensitivity studies, and performance optimization strategies. The book strikes an ideal balance between theory and practice, and would be invaluable to academicians and oil company practitioners alike. Updated chemical EOR fundamentals providing clear picture of fundamental concepts Practical cases with problems and solutions providing practical analogues and experiences Actual data regarding ranges of operation parameters providing initial design parameters Step-by-step calculation examples providing practical engineers with convenient procedures

Natural Surfactants

Natural Surfactants Book
Author : Neha Saxena,Ajay Mandal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-15
ISBN : 3030785483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the use of natural surfactants in enhanced oil recovery, providing an overview of surfactants, their types, and different physical–chemical properties used to analyse the efficiency of surfactants. Natural surfactants discuss the history of the surfactants, their classification, and the use of surfactants in petroleum industry. Special attention has been paid to natural surfactants and their advantages over synthetic surfactants, including analysing their properties such as emulsification, interfacial tension, and wettability and how these can be used in EOR. This book offers an overview for researchers and graduate students in the fields of petroleum and chemical engineering, as well as oil and gas industry professionals.

Hansen Solubility Parameters in Practice

Hansen Solubility Parameters in Practice Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Hansen-Solubility
Release : 2022-08-15
ISBN : 0955122023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hansen Solubility Parameters in Practice book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio based Nanosystems in Food

Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio based Nanosystems in Food Book
Author : Óscar L. Ramos,Ricardo N. Pereira,Miguel A. Cerqueria,José A. Teixeira,António A. Vicente
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-25
ISBN : 1351710044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology can be used to address challenges faced by the food and bioprocessing industries for developing and implementing improved or novel systems that can produce safer, nutritious, healthier, sustainable, and environmental-friendly food products. This book overviews the most recent advances made on the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology that significantly influenced the food industry. Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio-Based Nanosystems in Food provides a multidisciplinary review of the complex mechanisms involved in the research, development, production and legislation of food containing nanostructures systems. Features: Presents the most recent advances made in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology as applied to the food industry Discusses innovative approaches and processing technologies Shows how nanotechnology can be used to produce safer, nutritious, healthier, sustainable and environmental-friendly food products Covers the complex mechanisms involved in the research, development, production and legislation of food containing nanostructures Selected examples of nanotechnology applications in food industry are shown, focusing on advanced aspects of food packaging, processing and preservation; followed by one contribution that presents the potential commercialization and the main challenges for scale-up. Comprised of 15 chapters, this book provides much-needed and up-to-date information on the use of emergent technologies in bio-based nanosystems for foods, and serves as an ideal reference for scientists, regulators, industrialists, and consumers that conduct research and development in the food processing industry.

Surfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications

Surfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications Book
Author : Muhammad Sagir,Muhammad Mushtaq,M. Suleman Tahir,Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Abdul Ravoof Shaik
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-29
ISBN : 3030187853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a concise treatise on the use of surfactants in enhanced oil recovery (EOR), including information on key types of surfactants and their respective applications in the wider petroleum industry. The authors discuss carbon dioxide EOR, alkaline-surfactant-polymer flooding strategies, and the use of surfactants as a means of reducing interfacial tension, while also paying special attention to the challenges involved in using surfactants for enhanced oil recovery, such as the difficult issue of surfactant adsorption on reservoir rock. All chapters highlight and are based on the authors’ own laboratory-scale case studies. Given its content, the book offers a valuable asset for graduate students of petroleum and chemical engineering, as well as researchers in the field of chemical enhanced oil recovery. It will also be of interest to professionals involved in enhanced industrial oil recovery.

Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management

Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management Book
Author : Charles J. Fox, III,Elyse M. Cornett,G. E. Ghali
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-19
ISBN : 331996125X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For years the administrative of anesthesia was extremely dangerous and risky. Because of this the surgeon and anesthesiologist had to balance the risks and benefits for each patient before proceeding with surgery. In the last two decades the care of the surgical patient has changed dramatically. New equipment, monitors and pharmacologic agents have transformed surgical technique and improved outcomes. Patients once deemed “too sick” for the operating room are found frequently on operating room schedules nationwide. Today, anesthesiology for the healthy patient in most developed countries is extremely safe. However, perioperative complications still occur. These events can be catastrophic for patients and may have serious implications for residents, surgical and anesthesiology staff and nurses. Prompt recognition and management of these incidents may reduce or negate complications. This is based on a fundamental base of knowledge acquired through several avenues and practiced with other team members to maximize outcomes. Engagement of all caregivers impacts outcomes. Many organizations do not have the structural components or education to recognize or manage these catastrophic events. This textbook will provide educational material for the many students, as well as nurses, residents or attending physicians who participate in perioperative medicine. It will focus on the most serious perioperative complications and include a discussion of the pathophysiologic and pharmacologic implications unique to each. Additionally, it will provide medicolegal information pertinent to those providing care to these patients. All chapters will be written with the most current and relevant information by leading experts in each field.The layout and format is designed to be purposeful, logical and visually effective. Other features include review questions and answers, chapter summaries and shaded call-out boxes to facilitate learning. Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management will be of great utility for medical and nursing students, anesthesiology residents, student nurse anesthestists, surgical residents, nurses involved in perioperative medicine as well as surgical and anesthesiology attending physicians.

Hedwig and the Angry Inch

Hedwig and the Angry Inch Book
Author : Stephen Trask,John Cameron Mitchell
Publisher : Dramatists Play Service Inc
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780822219019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

THE STORY: This groundbreaking Obie-winning Off-Broadway smash also won multiple awards for its hit film adaptation. It tells the story of internationally ignored song stylist Hedwig Schmidt, a fourth-wall smashing East German rock 'n' roll godde

Mixed Surfactant Systems

Mixed Surfactant Systems Book
Author : Paul M. Holland,Okla.) Colloid and Surface Science Symposium (65th : 1991 : Norman
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a broad survey of the properties, behavior, and modeling of mixed surfactant systems, including mixed micellar solutions, phenomena at interfaces, phase behavior, and mixtures with unusual surfactant types. Covers chemical reactions in mixed micelles, approaches to molecular modeling of mixed surfactant aggregates, and new experimental techniques for studying mixed micelles and adsorption on surfaces. Features contributions from leading specialists in colloid and surface science, including Robert S. Schechter, John F. Scamehorn, Milton J. Rosen, Keizo Ogino, and Denver G. Hall.

Surfactants and Detergents

Surfactants and Detergents Book
Author : Ashim Dutta
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 1789846609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surfactants by virtue of their structure form self-assembled organized structures that exhibit fascinating properties useful for a wide range of applications. This book is a compilation of chapters from leading experts highlighting the use of specific surfactants and their functional properties in new and emerging areas of science and technology. The first two chapters of this book discuss the various applications of surfactants, including their use in cosmetics, oil recovery from rocks and mineral processing. Subsequent chapters cover advanced topics like new-generation polymer-based nanoparticles with microbial activity and complex phase systems formed as a result of charge-induced interactions between surfactants, polymers and proteins with potential applications in medical devices. In addition, this book reports for the first time on bio-surfactants extracted from micro-organisms present in the clouds. This report is not the only one of its kind, but it opens up a totally new area of research in terms of an unexplored source of bio-surfactants. It also paves the way for understanding their role in controlling our atmosphere and climate.

Sticking Together

Sticking Together Book
Author : Steven Abbott
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-05-05
ISBN : 1839160152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This popular science title will cover adhesion science in an easily accessible entertaining manner. As well as outlining types of adhesion and their importance in everyday life, the book covers interesting future applications of adhesion and inspiration taken from nature. Ideal for students and the scientifically minded reader this book provides a fascinating introduction to the science of what makes things stick.