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Surface Modification of Textiles

Surface Modification of Textiles Book
Author : Q Wei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-26
ISBN : 1845696689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The surface of textiles offers an important platform for functional modifications in order to meet special requirements for a variety of applications. The surface modification of textiles may be achieved by various techniques ranging from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches. This book reviews fundamental issues relating to textile surfaces and their characterisation and explores the exciting opportunities for surface modification of a range of different textiles. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques employed for improved functional behaviour of textiles and the various surface characterisation methods available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapour deposition to the use of nanoparticles. Concluding chapters discuss surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles. Surface modification of textiles is a valuable resource for chemists, surface scientists, textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and textile students. Reviews fundamental issues relating to textiles surfaces and their characterisation Examines various types of surface modification suitable for textiles, including plasma treatments and nanoparticles Discusses surface modification strategies for textile applications such as expansion into technical textile applications

Polymer Surface Modification

Polymer Surface Modification Book
Author : K. L. Mittal
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2009-02-28
ISBN : 9004165908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The topic of polymer surface modification is of tremendous contemporary interest because of its critical importance in many and varied technological applications where polymers are used. Currently there is brisk research activity in unraveling the mechanisms of surface modification and finding ways to prolong the life of surface treatment. Also there is acute interest and need to devise new, improved and economical means to modify polymer surfaces. This book is divided into three parts as follows: Part 1: Surface Modification Techniques; Part 2: Interfacial Aspects and Adhesion; Part 3: General Papers. The topics covered include: various techniques for surface modification including plasma (both vacuum and atmospheric pressure), ozone, photografting, UV photo-oxidation, laser, use of charged particles and others for a variety of polymers; longevity of surface treatment; hydrophobic recovery; fabrication of high-density polymer nano-dots; immobilization of organometallic catalysts on textile carrier materials; polymer membrane antifouling properties; electroless metallization of polymers; effects of surface modification on interfacial shear strength of composites, cord/rubber adhesion, adhesion of UV-curable coatings and attachment of hyperbranched polymers; plasma polymerization; block copolymers; application of plasma technology in decontamination of heat-sensitive polymer surfaces. In essence this book reflects the current state-of-the-knowledge in the arena and represents the work of many renowned scientists and technologists. It should be of interest to anyone with a desire or need to learn the latest R&D activity in this domain and the information contained here should be very valuable in deciding the optimum surface modification technique for his/her particular requirements.

Textile Finishing

Textile Finishing Book
Author : K. L. Mittal,Thomas Bahners
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-08-24
ISBN : 1119426871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textiles have been historically and traditionally used to make clothes, but even in ancient times there were technical textiles for making sails, tents, etc. Today, technical textiles are used in various industries for a host of purposes and applications. Recently, there have been exciting developments on various fronts in the textile field to impart novel and innovative functionalities to textiles, e.g., easy-to-clean or dirt-repellent, flame retardancy, anti-bacterial, and fog-harvesting properties, to name a few. Also, textiles for electronics based on graphene, CNTs and other nanomaterials, conductive textiles, textiles for sensor function, textile-fixed catalysts, textiles for batteries and energy storage, textiles as substrates for tissue engineering, and textiles for O/W separation have appeared in the literature. All this has been possible through adopting novel ways for finishing textiles, e.g., by appropriate surface modification techniques, and utilizing biomimetic concepts borrowed from nature. This unique book entitled “Textile Finishing: Recent Developments and Future Trends” is divided into four parts: Part 1: Recent Developments/Current Challenges in Textile Finishing; Part 2: Surface Modification Techniques for Textiles; Part 3: Innovative Functionalities of Textiles; Part 4: Fiber-Reinforced Composites. The topics covered include: Antimicrobial textile finishes; flame retardant textile finishing; “self-cleaning” or easy-to-clean textiles; metallization of textiles; atmospheric pressure plasma, and uv-based photochemical surface modification of textiles; tunable wettability of textiles; 3D textile structures for fog harvesting; textile-fixed catalysts; medical textiles as substrates for tissue engineering; and fiber-reinforced “green” or “greener” biocomposites and the relevance of fiber/matrix adhesion.

Evolution in the Surface Modification of Textiles a Review

Evolution in the Surface Modification of Textiles  a Review Book
Author : Ayoub Naki,Aicha Boukhriss,Aziz Bentis,Ezzoubeir Jabrane,Said Gmouh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution in the Surface Modification of Textiles a Review book written by Ayoub Naki,Aicha Boukhriss,Aziz Bentis,Ezzoubeir Jabrane,Said Gmouh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plasma Technology for Deposition and Surface Modification

Plasma Technology for Deposition and Surface Modification Book
Author : Mohammad Mokbul Hossain
Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Release : 2009
ISBN : 3832520740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plasma processing is a high-technology discipline in tailoring surface properties and in obtaining functional polymers of advanced materials without changing the material's bulk. Comparing with solid polymeric materials, special care should be taken for surface activation of textiles due to their complex geometries. It was found that modification is strongly influenced by both plasma parameters and fabric structure. As compared to air, CO2, and water vapor, Ar/O2 and He/O2 mixtures were found to be very effective for surface hydrophilization of polyester textiles due to the long-lasting free radical lifetimes. The modified surfaces were not stable for a long time due to restructuring of the polar functional groups. Therefore, plasma coatings containing functional groups are required in order to obtain a permanent surface modification. Permanent nanoporous coatings were deposited in order to obtain functional surfaces which contain accessible functionalities within the entire coating volume. This novel approach is essentially based on a fine control of simultaneous deposition and etching processes during plasma co-polymerization of ammonia with hydrocarbons. A nanoporous structure with a large specific surface area was achieved that contained functional groups inside the coating volume, which were accessible to e.g. dye molecules, thus facilitating substrate independent dyeing. A permanent hydrophilic modification of material surfaces was obtained by introducing nitrogen polar functionalities, depending on the NH3 to hydrocarbon ratio, which is mostly due to a replacement of carbon in a-C: H: N films. This novel combination of polar groups with a suitable texturing realized within crosslinked aC: H: N coatings proved to be an efficient method providing a long-term mechanical stability of superhydrophilic coatings. Moreover, plasma coated material surfaces contain huge numbers of functional groups which can chemically interact with matrix materials and hence, yield strong covalent bond between fiber and matrix. The coatings show a large surface area which enhances the contact area and surface texturing and additionally promotes mechanical interlocking. Thus, the novel, developed nanoporous coatings represent a platform for diverse multifunctional applications in the surface enhancement of advanced material

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification Book
Author : Rory A. Wolf
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-11-08
ISBN : 1118547551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Book’s focus and intent is to impart an understanding of the practical application of atmospheric plasma for the advancement of a wide range of current and emerging technologies. The primary key feature of this book is the introduction of over thirteen years of practical experimental evidence of successful surface modifications by atmospheric plasma methods. It offers a handbook-based approach for leveraging and optimizing atmospheric plasma technologies which are currently in commercial use. It also offers a complete treatment of both basic plasma physics and industrial plasma processing with the intention of becoming a primary reference for students and professionals. The reader will learn the mechanisms which control and operate atmospheric plasma technologies and how these technologies can be leveraged to develop in-line continuous processing of a wide variety of substrates. Readers will gain an understanding of specific surface modification effects by atmospheric plasmas, and how to best characterize those modifications to optimize surface cleaning and functionalization for adhesion promotion. The book also features a series of chapters written to address practical surface modification effects of atmospheric plasmas within specific application markets, and a commercially-focused assessment of those effects.

Surface Modification of Fabrics by Plasma Treatment

Surface Modification of Fabrics by Plasma Treatment Book
Author : Young Ah Kwon
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Surface Modification of Fabrics by Plasma Treatment book written by Young Ah Kwon, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing

Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-02
ISBN : 9812870652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the elements involved in achieving sustainability in the textiles and clothing sector. The chapters covered in different volumes of this series title aim to cover all the distinctive areas earmarked for achieving sustainable development in the textile and clothing industry. This first volume is dedicated to the initial phases of life cycle, i.e. raw materials and manufacturing phases of textile products. This book aims to cover the sustainable raw materials, technologies and processing methods to achieve sustainable textile products. There are plenty of raw materials available today to cater the needs of sustainable textiles and apparels including organic materials, recycled and biodegradable raw materials for textile applications. Similarly, many innovative methods to process textile materials to achieve sustainability in the supply chain along with various processing technologies to manufacture textile products sustainably. This first volume covers the titles of these areas in a comprehensive way.

Functional Textiles for Improved Performance Protection and Health

Functional Textiles for Improved Performance  Protection and Health Book
Author : N Pan,G. Sun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-06-21
ISBN : 0857092871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The textile industry is increasingly based on ongoing innovation and development of higher performance products, and the field of functional textiles is no exception. This book explores the development of textiles with a wide range of functions, with the aim of improving the performance of the product in terms of the protection and health benefits that it can offer. The book is split into two parts. Part one focuses on functional textiles for improved performance and protection, with chapters reviewing antistatic, flame retardant and infrared functional textiles, among many others. Chapters in part two examine the uses of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials. With its distinguished editors and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, Functional textiles for improved performance, protection and health is invaluable for textile scientists, technologists and engineers as well as those designing and manufacturing textiles. It is also a suitable reference for the academic sector. Examines the use of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials Topics range from textile chemicals and their interaction with skin to novel pesticide protective clothing Considers anti-ultraviolet protection of clothing and flame retardant textiles

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration Book
Author : Stephen M. Burkinshaw,Andrew Filarowski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-08
ISBN : 1118725697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1782424814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles, Volume 1: Technical Textile Processes provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of the latest advancements in technical textiles. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this volume reviews recent developments and technologies in the field, beginning with an overview of the technical textiles industry that includes coverage of technical fibers and yarns, weaving, spinning, knitting, and nonwoven production. Subsequent sections include discussions on finishing, coating, and the coloration of technical textiles. Provides a comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Presents updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications An ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Contains contributions from many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition who update their respective chapters

Antimicrobial Textiles from Natural Resources

Antimicrobial Textiles from Natural Resources Book
Author : Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-20
ISBN : 0128214864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The textile industry is focused in its search for alternative green fibres with the aim of providing high-quality products which are fully recyclable and biodegradable. Natural textile materials from renewable sources play an increasingly important role in the industry due to their unique properties and functionality over synthetic fibres, as well as their sustainability. Antimicrobial Textiles from Natural Resources is an in-depth guide to the latest methods and applications of natural antimicrobial materials. A broad range of applications are addressed, from common to specialized applications, including many in the biomedical sector. This world-class collection of contributors write from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, providing important insights from textile science and technology, materials science, chemical engineering, and biomedical engineering. Advice and proposed solutions are presented in a rigorous and practical way, drawing on results and case studies obtained from academic and industrial laboratories worldwide. Examines how natural fibres can be used in the place of less renewable or sustainable choices, thus helping designers improve the sustainability of their products Provides unique coverage of the biofunctionality of biopolymers in textiles Explains how antimicrobial properties can reduce odour, extend the life of textiles, and provide numerous medical benefits

Polymer Surface Modification Relevance to Adhesion

Polymer Surface Modification  Relevance to Adhesion Book
Author : Kash L. Mittal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-08-26
ISBN : 906764403X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Polymer Surface Modification: Relevance to Adhesion held under the auspices of MST Conferences, LLC in Orlando, FL, June 9-11, 2003. Polymers are used for a variety of purposes in a host of technological applications and even a cursory look at the literature will evince that currently there is tremendous interest and R&D activity in the area of polymer surface modification to attain their desired surface characteristics, particularly to enhance their adhesion. This volume contains a total of 25 papers which were properly peer reviewed, revised and edited. So this book is not merely a collection of papers, rather represents the highest standard of publication. The book is divided into three parts: 1. Plasma Surface Modification Techniques; 2. Other / Miscellaneous Surface Modification Techniques; and 3. General Papers. The topics covered include: low pressure plasma surface modification of a variety of polymers using various gases; atmospheric pressure plasma treatment; improvement of stain release properties of fabrics; modification of electrostatic properties of polymers; photon-based processes for surface modification of fibers; excimer UV light treatment; excimer laser surface treatment; low-energy ion treatment; photo-grafting and photo-curing; metallization of treated polymers; chemical (wet) functionalization of polymers; adhesion of paints to thermoplastic substrates; polymer release surfaces; nanolithography in polymer films; gas barrier properties of ceramic layers on polymers; and modification of interphase layer and relevance to adhesion. This volume and its predecessors containing plentiful information should serve as a comprehensive source of latest R&D activity in the highly technologically important arena of polymer surface modification. Anyone interested –centrally or peripherally– in knowing or learning about the various ways to modify polymer surfaces should find this book of immense value.

Nano scale Surface Modification and Functionalization for Textile Materials

Nano scale Surface Modification and Functionalization for Textile Materials Book
Author : Wing-yu Iris Tsoi,Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Institute of Textiles and Clothing
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nano scale Surface Modification and Functionalization for Textile Materials book written by Wing-yu Iris Tsoi,Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Institute of Textiles and Clothing, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanomaterials Based Coatings

Nanomaterials Based Coatings Book
Author : Phuong Nguyen Tri,Sami Rtimi,Claudiane Ouellet Plamondon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-30
ISBN : 0128158859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials-Based Coatings: Fundamentals and Applications presents the fundamental concepts and applications of nanomaterial-based coatings in anticorrosion, antiwear, antibacterial, antifungal, self-cleaning, superhydrophobic, super hard, super heat resistance, solar reflective, photocatalytic and radar absorbing coatings. It is an important resource for those seeking to understand the underlying phenomenal and fundamental mechanisms through which nanoparticles interact with polymeric and metallic matrices to create stronger coatings. As nanomaterials-enforced coatings are smarter, stronger and more durable, the information listed in this book will helps readers understand their usage and further applications. Highlights the latest methods in design, preparation and characterization techniques for nanomaterials-based coatings Discusses emerging applications of nanomaterials-based coatings, including substrates protection, sustainable energy, and in the environment and healthcare Assesses the major challenges in making nanomaterials-based coatings more reliable and cost-effective

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles Book
Author : Chi-wai Kan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-09-02
ISBN : 1439839441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industries worldwide have been impacted by environmental regulations, economics, and ultimately consumers, which has led to more thought about the development of sustainable products. The textile industry is no exception. The preparation, dyeing, and finishing of textile fibres requires large amounts of water and other chemicals which may be toxic or hazardous. Green chemistry along with other green technologies may now play a leading role in this process. This book emphasises the importance of plasma treatment as a green and sustainable technology. A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles: Plasma Treatment as a Sustainable Technology discusses the plasma treatment of textile fibres and its environmental, economic, and social benefits. The book reviews the general properties of textiles and provides a description of the current treatment methods typically used today. The author then introduces the concept of plasma and its application in treating textile materials. The application of plasma as a pretreatment as well as a treatment in dyeing textiles is discussed. The book summarizes the application of plasma treatment in the printing and finishing of textiles. Also explored is the concept of sustainability and its role in the development of plasma treatments in textile wet processing. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are incorporated throughout the book.

Surface modification of cotton fabrics by plant oils for water repellency applications

Surface modification of cotton fabrics by plant oils for water repellency applications Book
Author : Theresa Anne Dankovich
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Surface modification of cotton fabrics by plant oils for water repellency applications book written by Theresa Anne Dankovich, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles

Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles Book
Author : Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-20
ISBN : 0128214848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The textile industry is focused in its search for alternative green fibres with the aim of providing high-quality products which are fully recyclable and biodegradable. Natural textile materials from renewable sources play an increasingly important role in the industry due to their unique properties and functionality over synthetic fibres, as well as their sustainability. Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles covers all the fundamental and basic information about natural fibres and textiles. Many different fibres are covered from their origin, through processing, properties, and applications. The latest methods for characterisation and testing of natural fibres are all addressed with reference to cutting-edge industry trends. This uniquely comprehensive approach to the topic provides the ideal entry point to natural fibres for textile and clothing scientists, engineers, designers, researchers, students, and manufacturers of such products. Explains the characteristics of natural fibres to show how they compare to synthetic fibres for a range of purposes Provides an overview of the environmental impact of the processing of fibres and how this creates industrial waste Covers a wide range of natural fibres in detail, from traditional silk and wool to electrospun biopolymers Provides the latest updates on technologies for designing natural fibres and applying them to the development of new products

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles Book
Author : Mohammad Shahid,Ravindra Adivarekar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-10
ISBN : 9811536694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of functional finishing of textiles, describing the state-of-the-art research and well-established techniques applied in the textile industry, and covering all areas of textile dyeing and finishing. It is intended for academic researchers and professionals in related scientific and engineering fields, including textile engineering, chemistry, nanotechnology, material science, biotechnology and environmental science. The book also provides reference material for stakeholders looking for innovative technologies and insights into the environmental and sustainability issues in the development of functional textiles and related products.

Textiles and Clothing Sustainability

Textiles and Clothing Sustainability Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-10
ISBN : 9811021856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the challenges in sustainable wet processing of textiles, natural dyes, enzymatic textiles and sustainable textile finishes. Textile industry is known for its chemical processing issues and many NGO’s are behind the textile sector to streamline its chemical processing, which is the black face of clothing and fashion sector. Sustainable textile chemical processes are crucial for attaining sustainability in the clothing sector. Seven comprehensive chapters are aimed to highlight these issues in the book.