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Surface Modification Of Magnesium And Its Alloys For Biomedical Applications

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Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-30
ISBN : 1782420835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of biodegradable implants which can remain in the human body to fix a problem and subsequently dissolve, or be absorbed, consumed or excreted, without warranting a secondary surgery, is very appealing to scientists. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium implants provide a viable option many problems associated with permanent metallic implants such as, restenosis, thrombosis, permanent physical irritation, and inability to adapt to growth and changes in human body. Volume 2 of this important new book explores practical issues of magnesium and magnesium alloys, physical and mechanical modification and coatings to enhance this material for biomedical applications. Includes expert analysis on chemical solution deposition of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and octacalcium (OCP) phosphate coatings for magnesium Comprehensive coverage of biomimetic modifications, surface functionalization of biomolecules, natural, conducting and biodegradable polymeric coatings Lucid dissection of chemical, physical, mechanical and electromechanical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications

Magnesium Alloys as Degradable Biomaterials

Magnesium Alloys as Degradable Biomaterials Book
Author : Yufeng Zheng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-09
ISBN : 1498766633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnesium Alloys as Degradable Biomaterials provides a comprehensive review of the biomedical applications of biodegradable magnesium and its alloys. Magnesium has seen increasing use in orthopedic and cardiovascular applications over the last decade, particularly for coronary stents and bone implants.The book discusses the basic concepts of biodeg

Surface Modification of Magnesium and Its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and Its Alloys for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : T. S. N. Sankara Narayanan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-02-01
ISBN : 9781782420781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of biodegradable implants which can remain in the human body to fix a problem and subsequently dissolve, or be absorbed, consumed or excreted, without warranting a secondary surgery, is very appealing to scientists. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium implants provide a viable option many problems associated with permanent metallic implants such as, restenosis, thrombosis, permanent physical irritation, and inability to adapt to growth and changes in human body. Volume 2 of this important new book explores practical issues of magnesium and magnesium alloys, physical and mechanical modification and coatings to enhance this material for biomedical applications. Includes expert analysis on chemical solution deposition of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and octacalcium (OCP) phosphate coatings for magnesium Comprehensive coverage of biomimetic modifications, surface functionalization of biomolecules, natural, conducting and biodegradable polymeric coatings Lucid dissection of chemical, physical, mechanical and electromechanical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications

ASM Specialty Handbook

ASM Specialty Handbook Book
Author : M. M. Avedesian,Hugh Baker
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1999-01-01
ISBN : 9780871706577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This ASM Handbook is the most comprehensive collection of engineering information on this important structural material published in the last sixty years. Prepared with the cooperation of the International Magnesium Association, it presents the current industrial practices and provides information and data about the properties and performance of magnesium alloys. Materials science and engineering are covered, including processing, properties, and commercial uses.

Surface Modification of Mg and Mg Alloys

Surface Modification of Mg and Mg Alloys Book
Author : Can Metehan Turhan,Sannakaisa Virtanen
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-07
ISBN : 9783659184093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progressively, the well explored and studied mechanical properties of a bulk metal are compared with the corrosion behaviour obtained from its surface, which enables promising improvements in desired applications. An example is magnesium metal: where, by developing new types of surface modifications by understanding its inconsistent corrosion behaviour, it would be possible to apply this engineering metal safely as a biocompatible metal, in addition to its widely used application areas such as the automobile and aerospace industries. Accordingly, many scientists worldwide have focused their attention on new approaches either to fabricate anti-corrosive coatings or tailor the corrosion rate of magnesium for industrial and biomedical applications. This work covers different types of surface/bulk modification of magnesium or magnesium alloys with different surface pre-treatments, polymer coatings, nanostructuring and composite formation.

Corrosion of Magnesium Alloys

Corrosion of Magnesium Alloys Book
Author : G L Song
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-03-25
ISBN : 0857091417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of magnesium alloys is increasing in a range of applications, and their popularity is growing wherever lightweight materials are needed. This book provides a comprehensive account of the corrosion of magnesium alloys. It covers not only the corrosion performances and mechanisms of Mg alloys in conventional environments, such as sodium chloride solutions, but also looks at their corrosion behaviours in special media, like engine coolants and simulated body fluids. Part one covers fundamentals such as the corrosion electrochemistry, activity and passivity of magnesium and its alloys. Part two then considers the metallurgical effect in relation to the corrosion of magnesium alloys, including the role of micro-structure and earth-rare elements, the corrosion behaviour of magnesium-based bulk metallic glasses, and the corrosion of innovative magnesium alloys. Part three goes on to describe environmental influences on the corrosion of magnesium alloys, such as atmospheric corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, creep and fatigue behaviour, and galvanic corrosion. Finally, part four is concerned with various means of protecting magnesium alloys against corrosion through the use of aluminium electrodeposition, conversion and electrophoretic coatings, and anodisation. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, this book is an invaluable resource for metallurgists, engineers and designers working with magnesium and its alloys, as well as professionals in the aerospace and automotive industries. Provides a comprehensive account of the corrosion of magnesium alloys covering fundamentals such as the corrosion electrochemistry, activity and passivity Reviews the metallurgical effect in relation to the corrosion of magnesium alloys, including the role of micro-structure and earth-rare elements Assesses environmental influences such as atmospheric corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, creep and fatigue behaviour, and galvanic corrosion

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys Book
Author : Hanshan Dong
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781845695378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing use of light alloys in industries such as aerospace, sports equipment and biomedical devices is driving research into surface engineering technologies to enhance their properties for the desired end use. Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys provides a comprehensive review of the latest technologies for modifying the surfaces of light alloys to improve their corrosion, wear and tribological properties. Part one discusses surface degradation of light alloys with chapters on corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys and protection techniques, wear properties of aluminium-based alloys and tribological behaviour of titanium alloys. Part two reviews surface engineering technologies for light alloys including anodising, plasma electrolytic oxidation, thermal spraying, cold spraying, physical vapour deposition, plasma assisted surface treatment, PIII/PSII treatments, laser surface modification, ceramic conversion and duplex treatments. Part three covers applications for surface engineered light alloys including sports equipment, biomedical devices and plasma electrolytic oxidation and anodised aluminium alloys for spacecraft applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys is a standard reference for engineers, metallurgists and materials scientists looking for a comprehensive source of information on surface engineering of aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys. Discusses surface degradation of light alloys considering corrosion behaviour and wear and tribological properties Examines surface engineering technologies and modification featuring plasma electrolytic oxidation treatments and both thermal and cold spraying Reviews applications for engineered light alloys in sports equipment, biomedical devices and spacecraft

Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation PEO Coatings

Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation  PEO  Coatings Book
Author : Marta Mohedano,Beatriz Mingo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-06-02
ISBN : 3036505520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO), also known as micro-arc oxidation (MAO), functionalizes surfaces, improving the mechanical, thermal, and corrosion performance of metallic substrates, along with other tailored properties (e.g., biocompatibility, catalysis, antibacterial response, self-lubrication, etc.). The extensive field of applications of this technique ranges from structural components, in particular, in the transport sector, to more advanced fields, such as bioengineering. The present Special Issue covers the latest advances in PEO‐coated light alloys for structural (Al, Mg) and biomedical applications (Ti, Mg), with 10 research papers and 1 review from leading research groups around the world.

Conversion Coatings for Magnesium and Its Alloys

Conversion Coatings for Magnesium and Its Alloys Book
Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,T. S. N. Sankara Narayanan,Xiaobo Chen (Researcher in materials science and engineering)
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 3030899764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers fundamentals and recent advancements on conversion coatings for magnesium and its alloys. The contents are presented in two sections, respectively dealing with chemical and electrochemical conversion coatings. The chemical conversion coating section is further subdivided into inorganic conversion coatings, organic conversion coatings and advanced approaches/coatings. The section on electrochemical conversion coatings spans from fundamentals to state-of-the-art progress on electrochemical anodization and plasma electrolytic oxidation of magnesium and its alloys. Collects a range of chapters covering all aspects of chemical and electrochemical conversion coatings for magnesium alloys to improve their corrosion resistance and biocompatibility Stands as the first book dedicated exclusively for conversion coatings on magnesium alloys Serves as a ready reference for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in multiple industries .

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures Book
Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-03-22
ISBN : 0128135166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architecture Nanostructures: Current Prospects and Future Trends discusses the most important current applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in a comprehensive, detailed manner. The book covers major applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual shapes and high surface areas. In particular, coverage is given to applications in aerospace, automotive, batteries, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, cosmetics, and more. In addition, the book discusses the future of research in these areas. This is a valuable reference for both materials scientists, chemical and mechanical engineers working both in R&D and academia who want to learn more on how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are commercially applied. Provides an in-depth look at the properties of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in terms of their applicability for industrial uses Analyzes the most recent advances and industrial applications of different types of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual structures and compositions Identifies novel nanometric particles and architectures that are of particular value for applications and the techniques required to use them effectively

Magnesium and Its Alloys as Implant Materials

Magnesium and Its Alloys as Implant Materials Book
Author : Mirco Peron,Filippo Berto,Jan Torgersen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-18
ISBN : 1000048756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite their tremendous potential, Mg and its alloys are not yet used in biomedical applications. This book aims to provide scientific insights into the challenges of the materials, and give an overview of the research regarding their mechanical properties, corrosion behaviour and biological performances. The authors intend to put the reader into the position to accurate discern the proper Mg-based material for his/her applications and to choose the proper improvement strategy to his/her cause. To this aim, the manuscript is structured as follow: in Section 2, the main challenges hampering the use of magnesium in biomedical applications and the common improvement strategies are listed. In Section 3, the most investigated Mg alloys are reported in separate sub-sections, detailing their mechanical properties, corrosion behaviour and biotoxicity. High-pure and ultra-high-pure Mg, Al-based Mg alloys, Zn-based Mg alloys, Ca-based alloys and RE-based Mg alloys have been considered. In Section 4, the alloys’ performances with respect to the challenges is summarized providing the reader with useful information and suggestions on the potentially most suited choice. Finally, in Section 5, an outlook portraying the authors’ opinion of the future development of the field will be provided. This book will allow biomedical engineers, surface scientists, material scientists, implant manufacturers and companies working on implant approval an overview of the state-of-the-art technologies adopted so far to overcome the drawbacks of Mg for biomedical applications. Particular emphasis is put on explaining the link between mechanical, corrosion and biocompatible properties of Mg and its alloys as well as their pros and cons. In doing so, the authors intend to put the reader into the position to accurate discern the proper Mg-based material for his/her applications and to choose the proper improvement strategy to his/her cause.

Magnesium Biomaterials

Magnesium Biomaterials Book
Author : Nicholas Travis Kirkland,Nick Birbilis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-12
ISBN : 3319021230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnesium Biomaterials provides a succinct up-to-date overview of Magnesium biomaterial development, critically examines the types of in vitro experiments that may be performed, and investigates the numerous variables that affect Magnesium biodegradation when undertaking these experiments. This work also discusses the direction in which current Magnesium biomaterial development is heading and the necessary steps for future development of this field. Information is drawn from numerous multi-disciplinary sources to provide a coherent and critical overview. Magnesium Biomaterials is ideal for researchers in the area of bio-Mg, companies interested in exploring their own alloys, and for researchers working with other biodegradable materials who are seeking a cross-platform understanding of material performance.

Magnesium and Its Alloys

Magnesium and Its Alloys Book
Author : Leszek A. Dobrzanski,Menachem Bamberger,George E. Totten
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-01
ISBN : 1351045466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnesium and Its Alloys: Technology and Applications covers a wide scope of topics related to magnesium science and engineering, from manufacturing and production to finishing and applications. This handbook contains thirteen chapters, each contributed by experts in their respective fields, and presents a broad spectrum of new information on pure magnesium, magnesium alloys, and magnesium matrix MgMCs composites. It covers such topics as computational thermodynamics, modern Mg-alloys with enhanced creep or fatigue properties, cutting-edge approaches to melt treating (grain refinement, micro-alloying, and the resulting solidification and growth), coatings, surface engineering, environmental protection (recycling and green energy storage and production), as well as biomedical applications. Aimed at researchers, professionals, and graduate students, the book conveys comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge on magnesium alloys. It is especially useful to those in the fields of materials engineering, mechanical engineering, manufacturing engineering, and metallurgy.

Advanced Materials for Biomechanical Applications

Advanced Materials for Biomechanical Applications Book
Author : Ashwani Kumar,Mangey Ram,Yogesh Kumar Singla
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-05-31
ISBN : 1000580695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides in-depth knowledge about cross rolling of biomedical alloys, cellulose, magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, magnesium-based nanocomposites, titanium, titanium alloys, stainless steel, and improved biodegradable implants materials for biomechanical applications like joint replacements, bone plates, bone cement, artificial ligaments and tendons, dental implants for tooth fixation, and hip implants. It comprehensively covers advancements in materials including graphene-reinforced magnesium metal matrix, magnesium and its alloys, and 2D nanomaterials. The text discusses important topics including advanced materials for biomechanical applications, design, and analysis of stainless steel 316L for femur bone fracture healing, design and manufacturing of prosthetic dental implants, a biomechanical study of a low-cost prosthetic leg, and an energy harvesting mechanism for walking applications. The text will serve as a useful text for graduate students, academic researchers, and general practitioners in areas including materials science, manufacturing engineering, mechanical engineering, and biomechanical engineering.

The Chemistry of Inorganic Biomaterials

The Chemistry of Inorganic Biomaterials Book
Author : Christopher Spicer
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-08-18
ISBN : 1788017536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book overviews the underlying chemistry behind the most common and cutting-edge inorganic materials in current use, or approaching use, in vivo.

Magnesium Alloys

Magnesium Alloys Book
Author : Frank Czerwinski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-11-05
ISBN : 9535117289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnesium alloys with their unique physical and chemical properties are important candidates for many modern engineering applications. Their density, being the lowest of all structural metals, makes them the primary choice in global attempts aimed at reducing the weight of transportation vehicles. However, magnesium also creates challenges at certain stages of raw alloy melting, fabrication of net-shape components and their service. The first one is caused by very high affinity of magnesium to oxygen, which requires protective atmospheres increasing manufacturing cost and heavily contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. The second challenge relates to very high corrosivity of liquid magnesium towards materials it contacts. This imposes restrictions on the selection of materials used to contain, transfer or process molten magnesium during manufacturing operations. A mixture of unique benefits and serious challenges of magnesium alloys in solid and liquid states described here makes the book very useful for a broad audience of scientists and engineers from academia and industry.

New Features on Magnesium Alloys

New Features on Magnesium Alloys Book
Author : Waldemar Alfredo Monteiro
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-07-11
ISBN : 9535106686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnesium alloys have been attractive to designers due to their low density (two thirds that of aluminium), the sixth most abundant on earth, is ductile and the most machinable of all the metals. This has been a major factor in the widespread use of magnesium alloy castings and wrought products, powder metallurgy components, sacrificial anodes for the protection of other metals, tools. The present book, "New Features on Magnesium Alloys", gives us an overview in some special areas of magnesium alloys concerning technological applications and eco-friendly requirements. Each chapter brings us a new facet relating to the magnesium alloy application: magnesium alloys quasicrystals used to magnesium alloys reinforcement; rare earth metals as alloying components in magnesium implants for orthopaedic applications; magnesium alloys surface treatment by applying physical vapor deposition processes; casting magnesium alloys subjected to laser treatment; ductility enhancement on special magnesium alloys; welding and joining processing of magnesium alloys; transport application of magnesium and its alloys.

Nanoscale Engineering of Biomaterials

Nanoscale Engineering of Biomaterials Book
Author : Lalit M. Pandey
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9811636672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in a wide range of biomaterials for the development of smart and advanced functional materials. It discusses the fundamentals of bio-interfacial interactions and the surface engineering of emerging biomaterials like metals and alloys, polymers, ceramics, and composites/nanocomposites. In turn, the book addresses the latest techniques and approaches to engineering material surfaces/interfaces in, e.g., implants, tissue engineering, drug delivery, antifouling, and dentistry. Lastly, it summarizes various challenges in the design and development of novel biomaterials. Given its scope, it offers a valuable source of information for students, academics, physicians and particularly researchers from diverse disciplines such as material science and engineering, polymer engineering, biotechnology, bioengineering, chemistry, chemical engineering, nanotechnology, and biomedical engineering for various commercial and scientific applications.

Fundamental Biomaterials Metals

Fundamental Biomaterials  Metals Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan,M.S. Sreekala
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-07-19
ISBN : 0081022069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental Biomaterials: Metals provides current information on the development of metals and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Chapters analyze the properties of metals and discuss a range of biomedical applications, with a focus on orthopedics. While the book will be of great use to researchers and professionals in the development stages of design for more appropriate target materials, it will also help medical researchers understand, and more effectively communicate, the requirements for a specific application. With the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for students. It represents the second volume in a three volume set, each of which reviews the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials, providing comprehensive information on materials properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. Provides current information on metals and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of types of metals, discussion of a range of biomedical applications, and essential information on corrosion, degradation and wear and lifetime prediction of metal biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of metals in biomaterials

Metallic Alloys in Medical Applications

Metallic Alloys in Medical Applications Book
Author : Liqiang Wang,Lechun Xie,Daixiu Wei
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-11-14
ISBN : 2832505503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metallic Alloys in Medical Applications book written by Liqiang Wang,Lechun Xie,Daixiu Wei, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.