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Surface Area And Porosity Determinations By Physisorption

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Surface Area and Porosity Determinations by Physisorption

Surface Area and Porosity Determinations by Physisorption Book
Author : James B. Condon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128187867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface Area and Porosity Determinations by Physisorption: Measurement, Classical Theories and Quantum Theory, Second Edition, covers the experimental method for measuring physical adsorption, various methods for analyzing the data obtained, and the theoretical background to these calculation techniques. This latest edition includes additional theoretical topics, such as the criterion to avoid theoretical anomalies, increased data on physical adsorption—including data on monolayers, and the important concept of the critical pressure for adsorption initiation. The experimental apparatus is also described, along with the various data analyses that yield surface area and porosity measurements and their analysis techniques. Modern techniques are also presented, such as the chi, disjoining pressure and DFT analysis methods, all of which yield realistic and consistent answers. Designed for both novice and researchers in the field who need to become better acquainted with recent developments Explains how to complete data analyses that yield surface area and porosity measurements Includes experimental and data analysis problems and solutions Provides comparisons between both methods and data analysis

Surface Area and Porosity Determinations by Physisorption

Surface Area and Porosity Determinations by Physisorption Book
Author : James B. Condon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-07-21
ISBN : 9780080481265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface Area and Porosity Determinations by Physisorption is a practical guide for industry or academics to the measurement of surface area and pore size using the tool of physical adsorption. Starting with a brief description of what physical adsorption is and the raw data that is obtained. The instrumentation for measuring this isotherm is described in some details. Recommendations are presented as to what instrumentation would be most appropriate for a particular application. An appendix of current commercial instruments is included. The mathematics required for the simple analysis of the obtained isotherm is presented with step-wise instructions for the analysis of the more useful analysis methods. Subsequent chapters describe the analyses and the theories behind the analyses in more detail. * Includes over 150 figures and tables which illustrate the equipment and examples data acquired * Provides a practical guide for measuring and interpreting physical adsorption * Up-to-date aspects of the more subtle physical adsorption theories such as density functional theory and the quantum mechanical chi theory are presented

Nanosensors for Smart Cities

Nanosensors for Smart Cities Book
Author : Baoguo Han,Vijay Tomer,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Ali Farmani,Pradeep Kumar Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-02-13
ISBN : 0128199237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanosensors for Smart Cities covers the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanosensors for the creation of smart city infrastructures. Examples of major applications include logistics management, where nanosensors could be used in active transport tracking devices for smart tracking and tracing, and in agri-food productions, where nanosensors are used in nanochips for identity, and food inspection, and smart storage. This book is essential reading for researchers working in the field of advanced sensors technology, smart city technology and nanotechnology, and stakeholders involved in city management. Nanomaterials based sensors (nanosensors) can offer many advantages over their microcounterparts, including lower power consumption, high sensitivity, lower concentration of analytes, and smaller interaction distance between object and sensor. With the support of artificial intelligence (AI) tools, such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, neural networks, and ambient-intelligence, sensor systems are becoming smarter. Provides information on the fabrication and fundamental design concepts of nanosensors for intelligent systems Explores how nanosensors are being used to better monitor and maintain infrastructure services, including street lighting, traffic management and pollution control Assesses the challenges for creating nanomaterials-enhanced sensors for mass-market consumer products

Handbook Of Porous Materials Synthesis Properties Modeling And Key Applications In 4 Volumes

Handbook Of Porous Materials  Synthesis  Properties  Modeling And Key Applications  In 4 Volumes  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 9811223246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This four-volume handbook gives a state-of-the-art overview of porous materials, from synthesis and characterization and simulation all the way to manufacturing and industrial applications. The editors, coming from academia and industry, are known for their didactic skills as well as their technical expertise. Coordinating the efforts of 37 expert authors in 14 chapters, they construct the story of porous carbons, ceramics, zeolites and polymers from varied viewpoints: surface and colloidal science, materials science, chemical engineering, and energy engineering. Volumes 1 and 2 cover the fundamentals of preparation, characterisation, and simulation of porous materials. Working from the fundamentals all the way to the practicalities of industrial production processes, the subjects include hierarchical materials, in situ and operando characterisation using NMR, X-Ray scattering and tomography, state-of-the-art molecular simulations of adsorption and diffusion in crystalline nanoporous materials, as well as the emerging areas of bio-artificing and drug delivery. Volume 3 focuses on porous materials in industrial separation applications, including adsorption separation, membrane separation, and osmotic distillation. Finally, and highly relevant to tomorrow's energy challenges, Volume 4 explains the energy engineering aspects of applying porous materials in supercapacitors, fuel cells, batteries, electrolysers and sub-surface energy applications.The text contains many high-quality colourful illustrations and examples, as well as thousands of up-to-date references to peer-reviewed articles, reports and websites for further reading. This comprehensive and well-written handbook is a must-have reference for universities, research groups and companies working with porous materials.Related Link(s)

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Separation Technology

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Separation Technology Book
Author : Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini,Mazura Jusoh,Norasikin Othman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-24
ISBN : 9811607427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains papers presented in the 3rd International Conference on Separation Technology 2020 (ICoST 2020) held from 15 to 16th August 2020 at Johor, Malaysia. This proceeding contains papers presented by academics and industrial practitioners showcasing the latest advancements and findings in field of separation technology. The papers are categorized under the following tracks and topics of research: Environment Engineering Biotechnology Absorption and Adsorption Technology Wastewater Treatment ICoST 2020 covers multidisciplinary perspectives on separation research and aims to promote scientific information interchange between academics, researchers, graduates and industry professionals worldwide. This conference provides opportunities for the delegates to exchange new ideas and application experiences face to face, to establish business or research relations and to find global partners for future collaboration.

Bio aggregates Based Building Materials

Bio aggregates Based Building Materials Book
Author : Sofiane Amziane,Florence Collet
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-04
ISBN : 9402410317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The work of the RILEM Technical Committee (TC -236 BBM) was dedicated to the study of construction materials made from plant particles. It considered the question whether building materials containing as main raw material recyclable and easily available plant particles are renewable. This book includes a state-of-the-art report and an appendix. The state-of-the-art report relates to the description of vegetal aggregates. Then, hygrothermal properties, fire resistance, durability and finally the impact of the variability of the method of production of bio-based concrete are assessed. The appendix is a TC report which presents the experience of a working group. The goal was to define testing methods for the measurement of water absorption, bulk density, particle size distribution, and thermal conductivity of bio aggregates. The work is based on a first round robin test of the TC-BBM where the protocols in use by the different laboratories (labs) are compared. p>

Adsorption and Diffusion in Nanoporous Materials

Adsorption and Diffusion in Nanoporous Materials Book
Author : Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-12
ISBN : 1351395769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering a materials science point of view, the author covers the theory and practice of adsorption and diffusion applied to gases in microporous crystalline, mesoporous ordered, and micro/mesoporous amorphous materials. Examples used include microporous and mesoporous molecular sieves, amorphous silica, and alumina and active carbons, akaganeites, prussian blue analogues, metal organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks. The use of single component adsorption, diffusion in the characterization of the adsorbent surface, pore volume, pore size distribution, and the study of the parameters characterizing single component transport processes in porous materials are detailed.

Gas Adsorption in Metal Organic Frameworks

Gas Adsorption in Metal Organic Frameworks Book
Author : T. Grant Glover,Bin Mu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 0429891768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text discusses the synthesis, characterization, and application of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for the purpose of adsorbing gases. It provides details on the fundamentals of thermodynamics, mass transfer, and diffusion that are commonly required when evaluating MOF materials for gas separation and storage applications and includes a discussion of molecular simulation tools needed to examine gas adsorption in MOFs. Additionally, the work presents techniques that can be used to characterize MOFs after gas adsorption has occurred and provides guidance on the water stability of these materials. Lastly, applications of MOFs are considered with a discussion of how to measure the gas storage capacity of MOFs, a discussion of how to screen MOFs to for filtration applications, and a discussion of the use of MOFs to perform industrial separations, such as olefin/paraffin separations. Throughout the work, fundamental information, such as a discussion on the calculation of MOF surface area and description of adsorption phenomena in packed-beds, is balanced with a discussion of the results from research literature.

Nanostructured Multifunctional Materials

Nanostructured Multifunctional Materials Book
Author : Esteban A. Franceschini
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-06-04
ISBN : 1000378950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of nanomaterials plays a fundamental role in current and future technology applications, particularly nanomaterials that have multiple functionalities. This book provides a broad overview of the effect of nanostructuring in the multifunctionality of different widely studied nanomaterials. This book is divided into four sections constituting a road map that groups materials sharing certain types of nanostructuring, including nanoporous, nanoparticled, 2D laminar nanomaterials, and computational methods for characterizations of nanostructures. This structured approach in nanomaterials research will serve as a valuable reference material for chemists, (bio)engineers, physicists, nanotechnologists, undergraduates, and professors.

Nanoscale Processing

Nanoscale Processing Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-22
ISBN : 0128205709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscale Processing outlines recent advances in processing techniques for a range of nanomaterial types. New developments in the processing of nanostructured materials are being applied in diverse fields. This book offers in-depth information and analysis of a range of processing techniques for nanostructures, and also covers nanocharacterization aspects thoroughly. Topics covered include zero dimensional nanostructures, nanostructured biomaterials, carbon-based nanostructures, polymeric and liposomal nanostructures, and quantum dots. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers looking to learn more about a variety of processing techniques for various nanomaterial classes, for use in both the industrial and biomedical sectors. Explains major nanoscale processing techniques, outlining in which situations each should be used Discuses a range of nanomaterial classes, including nanobiomaterials, polymeric nanomaterials, optical nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials Explores the challenges of using certain processing techniques for certain classes of nanomaterial

Biofoams

Biofoams Book
Author : Salvatore Iannace,Chul B. Park
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-28
ISBN : 1466561807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addresses a Growing Need for the Development of Cellular and Porous Materials in Industry Building blocks used by nature are motivating researchers to create bio-inspired cellular structures that can be used in the development of products for the plastic, food, and biomedical industry. Representing a unified effort by international experts, Biofoams: Science and Applications of Bio-Based Cellular and Porous Materials highlights the latest research and development of biofoams and porous systems, and specifically examines the aspects related to the formation of gas bubbles in drink and food. The book offers a detailed analysis of bio-polymers and foaming technologies, biodegradable and sustainable foams, biomedical foams, food foams, and bio-inspired foams. Explores the Generation of New Materials with Wide-Ranging Technological Applicability This book introduces the science, technologies, and applications related to the use of biopolymers and biomaterials in the development of porous structures. It presents topics that include bio-based polymers for the development of biodegradable and sustainable polymeric foams, foams in food, foams in biomedical applications, biohybrids, and bio-inspired cellular and porous systems. It also includes recent studies on the design of polymer-based composites and hybrid scaffolds, weighs in on the challenges related to the production of porous polymers, and presents relevant examples of cellular architecture present in nature. In addition, this book: Focuses on materials compatible with natural tissues Discusses the engineering of bio-inspired scaffolds with the ability to mimic living tissue Reveals how to use renewable resources to develop more sustainable lightweight materials Illustrates the state of the art of porous scaffold and process techniques A book dedicated to material science, Biofoams: Science and Applications of Bio-Based Cellular and Porous Materials focuses on food technology, polymers and composites, biomedical, and chemical engineering, and examines how the principles used in the creation of cellular structures can be applied in modern industry.

Multiple Roles of Clays in Radioactive Waste Confinement

Multiple Roles of Clays in Radioactive Waste Confinement Book
Author : S. Norris,E.A.C Neeft,M. Van Geet
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2019-08-05
ISBN : 1786204045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Publication highlights the importance of clays and clayey material, and their multiple roles, in many national geological disposal facilities for higher activity radioactive wastes. Clays can be both the disposal facility host rock and part of its intrinsic engineered barriers, and may be present in the surrounding geological environment. Clays possess various characteristics that make them high-quality barriers to the migration of radionuclides and chemical contaminants, e.g. very little water movement, diffusive transport, retention capacity, self-sealing capacity, stability over millions of years, homogeneity and lateral continuity.

Green Chemistry for Dyes Removal from Waste Water

Green Chemistry for Dyes Removal from Waste Water Book
Author : Sanjay K. Sharma
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-25
ISBN : 1118721187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of synthetic chemical dyes in various industrialprocesses, including paper and pulp manufacturing, plastics, dyeingof cloth, leather treatment and printing, has increasedconsiderably over the last few years, resulting in the release ofdye-containing industrial effluents into the soil and aquatic ecosystems. The textile industry generates high-pollutingwastewaters and their treatment is a very serious problem due tohigh total dissolved solids (TDS), presence of toxic heavy metals,and the non-biodegradable nature of the dyestuffs in theeffluent. The chapters in this book provide an overview of the problem andits solution from different angles. These problems and solutionsare presented in a genuinely holistic way by world-renownedresearchers. Discussed are various promising techniques to removedyes, including the use of nanotechnology, ultrasound, microwave,catalysts, biosorption, enzymatic treatments, advanced oxidationprocesses, etc., all of which are “green.” Green Chemistry for Dyes Removal from Wastewatercomprehensively discusses: Different types of dyes, their working and methodologies andvarious physical, chemical and biological treatment methodsemployed Application of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in dyeremoval whereby highly reactive hydroxyl radicals are generatedchemically, photochemically and/or by radiolytic/ sonolytic means.The potential of ultrasound as an AOP is discussed as well. Nanotechnology in the treatment of dye removal types ofadsorbents for removal of toxic pollutants from aquaticsystems Photocatalytic oxidation process for dye degradation under bothUV and visible light, application of solar light and solarphotoreactor in dye degradation

Polyurethane Immobilization of Cells and Biomolecules

Polyurethane Immobilization of Cells and Biomolecules Book
Author : T. Thomson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-21
ISBN : 1119254698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyurethane chemistry -- Laboratory practice -- Scaffolds -- Immobilization -- Controlled release from a hydrogel scaffold

Metal Organic Frameworks

Metal Organic Frameworks Book
Author : Jianwen Jiang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-01-28
ISBN : 9814613460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as a new family of nanoporous materials. With an enormous choice of inorganic/organic building blocks, MOFs possess a wide range of surface area, pore size, and functionality and, thus, have been considered versatile materials for many potential applications. This book presents a broad collection of recent modeling studies in the field of MOFs toward potential engineering applications, such as gas storage/separation, carbon capture, catalysis, water purification, and drug delivery. The subject of this book renders it unique, for while the various topics on MOFs boast vast literature, there is not yet a single coherent collection for modeling endeavors. The book will appeal to scientists, engineers, and students in the multidisciplinary intersections of materials science, chemistry, and engineering.

Formulating Poorly Water Soluble Drugs

Formulating Poorly Water Soluble Drugs Book
Author : Robert O. Williams III,Alan B. Watts,Dave A. Miller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-16
ISBN : 3319426095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this volume is to consolidate within a single text the most current knowledge, practical methods, and regulatory considerations pertaining to formulations development with poorly water-soluble molecules. A pharmaceutical scientist’s approach toward solubility enhancement of a poorly water-soluble molecule typically includes detailed characterization of the compound’s physiochemical properties, solid-state modifications, advanced formulation design, non-conventional process technologies, advanced analytical characterization, and specialized product performance analysis techniques. The scientist must also be aware of the unique regulatory considerations pertaining to the non-conventional approaches often utilized for poorly water-soluble drugs. One faced with the challenge of developing a drug product from a poorly soluble compound must possess at minimum a working knowledge of each of the abovementioned facets and detailed knowledge of most. In light of the magnitude of the growing solubility problem to drug development, this is a significant burden especially when considering that knowledge in most of these areas is relatively new and continues to develop

Engineering Catalysis

Engineering Catalysis Book
Author : Dmitry Murzin
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2013-06-26
ISBN : 3110283379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With well over 90% of all processes in the industrial chemical production being of catalytic nature, catalysis is a mature though ever interesting topic. The idea of this book is to tackle various aspects of heterogeneous catalysis from the engineering point of view and go all the way from engineering of catalysis, catalyst preparation, characterization, reaction kinetics, mass transfer to catalytic reactors and the implementation of catalysts in chemical technology. Aimed for graduate students it is also a useful resource for professionals coming from the more academic side.

Engineering Catalysis

Engineering Catalysis Book
Author : Dmitry Yu. Murzin
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-02-10
ISBN : 311061443X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book illuminates various aspects of heterogeneous catalysis engineering, from catalysis design, catalyst preparation and characterization, reaction kinetics, mass transfer, and catalytic reactors to the implementation of catalysts in chemical technology. Aimed at graduate students, it is also a useful resource for professionals working in research and development.

Nanocomposites for Pollution Control

Nanocomposites for Pollution Control Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-24
ISBN : 1351387936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposites present outstanding mechanical properties and compatibility owing to their composite matrix and unique physical and chemical composition provided by large surface-area-to-volume ratios and high interfacial reactivity. Freedom to functionalize nanocomposites with various chemical groups increases their affinity toward target pollutants, which is highly desirable for the selective extraction of target analytes in complex environmental matrixes. This book presents the recent progress in the field of nanocomposites and their properties, fabrication methods, and applications for pollution control and sensing. It discusses the advances in pollution control techniques made possible because of nanocomposites and focuses on environment-friendly and efficient approaches. The text also covers economic, toxicological, and regulatory issues and research trends.

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Book
Author : Dapeng Liu,Raymond Lau,Xinli Jia,Armando Borgna,Yanhui Yang
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-11
ISBN : 0128082305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New and Future Developments in Catalysis book written by Dapeng Liu,Raymond Lau,Xinli Jia,Armando Borgna,Yanhui Yang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.