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Superconductors In The Power Grid

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Superconductors in the Power Grid

Superconductors in the Power Grid Book
Author : C. Rey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-20
ISBN : 1782420371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Superconductors offer high throughput with low electric losses and have the potential to transform the electric power grid. Transmission networks incorporating cables of this type could, for example, deliver more power and enable substantial energy savings. Superconductors in the Power Grid: Materials and Applications provides an overview of superconductors and their applications in power grids. Sections address the design and engineering of cable systems and fault current limiters and other emerging applications for superconductors in the power grid, as well as case studies of industrial applications of superconductors in the power grid. Expert editor from highly respected US government-funded research centre Unique focus on superconductors in the power grid Comprehensive coverage

Smart Grid

Smart Grid Book
Author : Stephen F. Bush
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-03-31
ISBN : 1119975808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book bridges the divide between the fields of power systems engineering and computer communication through the new field of power system information theory. Written by an expert with vast experience in the field, this book explores the smart grid from generation to consumption, both as it is planned today and how it will evolve tomorrow. The book focuses upon what differentiates the smart grid from the "traditional" power grid as it has been known for the last century. Furthermore, the author provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of both power systems and communication networking. It shows the complexity and operational requirements of the evolving power grid, the so-called "smart grid," to the communication networking engineer; and similarly, it shows the complexity and operational requirements for communications to the power systems engineer. The book is divided into three parts. Part One discusses the basic operation of the electric power grid, covering fundamental knowledge that is assumed in Parts Two and Three. Part Two introduces communications and networking, which are critical enablers for the smart grid. It also considers how communication and networking will evolve as technology develops. This lays the foundation for Part Three, which utilizes communication within the power grid. Part Three draws heavily upon both the embedded intelligence within the power grid and current research, anticipating how and where computational intelligence will be implemented within the smart grid. Each part is divided into chapters and each chapter has a set of questions useful for exercising the readers' understanding of the material in that chapter. Key Features: Bridges the gap between power systems and communications experts Addresses the smart grid from generation to consumption, both as it is planned today and how it will likely evolve tomorrow Explores the smart grid from the perspective of traditional power systems as well as from communications Discusses power systems, communications, and machine learning that all define the smart grid It introduces the new field of power system information theory

High Temperature Superconducting Devices for Energy Applications

High Temperature Superconducting Devices for Energy Applications Book
Author : Raja Sekhar Dondapati
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-21
ISBN : 1000191869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents novel concepts in the development of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) devices and discusses the technologies involved in producing efficient and economically feasible energy technologies around the world. High-Temperature Superconducting Devices for Energy Application covers the application of high-temperature superconductors in clean energy production and allied cooling technologies. In addition, it presents the compatibility of other materials involved in the construction of various devices at cryogenic temperatures. It also summarizes superconducting fault current limiters (SFCL) and related grid stabilization. The book addresses the need to lower the losses incurred with efficient power transmission. The aim of this book is to serve the needs of industry professionals, researchers, and doctoral students studying energy technologies. Features Discusses the history of the development of high-temperature superconductors Covers cryogenic cooling technologies adapted for various superconducting devices Presents a detailed design of superconducting generators Highlights the importance of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) devices in the power grid Focuses on theoretical computations

Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Innovation For The Electric Grids

Superconducting Fault Current Limiter  Innovation For The Electric Grids Book
Author : Pascal Tixador
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 9813274387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book mainly deals with SuperConducting Fault Current Limiter (SCFCL), mainly the resistive SCFCLs. It aims to further disseminate the technical knowledge of SCFCL in particular to electrical engineers. The SCFCL is a new component and tool to better design and to be used in existing and future electric grids, altering the conventional way of thinking and planning.

Magneto Optical Imaging

Magneto Optical Imaging Book
Author : Tom H. Johansen,Daniil Shantsev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-05-31
ISBN : 9781402019982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magneto-Optical Imaging has developed rapidly over the last decade to emerge as a leading technique to directly visualise the static and dynamic magnetic behaviour of materials, capable of following magnetic processes on the scale of centimeters to sub-microns and at timescales from hours to nanoseconds. The images are direct, real-time, and give space-resolved information, such as ultrafast magnetic processes and revealing the motion of individual vortices in superconductors. The book is a fully up-to-date report of the present status of the technique.

Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Superconductivity May 8 11 2006

Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity  Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Superconductivity  May 8 11  2006 Book
Author : G. Crabtree,G. Kellogg,D. Finnemore,D. Christen,U. Welp,J. Horwitz,I. Bozovic,J. Sarrao,B. Herndon,R. M. Nault,C. Ashton,L. Civale,I. Mazin,L. Shapard,W-K. Kwok,J. C. Seamus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As an energy carrier, electricity has no rival with regard to its environmental cleanliness, flexibility in interfacing with multiple production sources and end uses, and efficiency of delivery. In fact, the electric power grid was named?the greatest engineering achievement of the 20th century? by the National Academy of Engineering. This grid, a technological marvel ingeniously knitted together from local networks growing out from cities and rural centers, may be the biggest and most complex artificial system ever built. However, the growing demand for electricity will soon challenge the grid beyond its capability, compromising its reliability through voltage fluctuations that crash digital electronics, brownouts that disable industrial processes and harm electrical equipment, and power failures like the North American blackout in 2003 and subsequent blackouts in London, Scandinavia, and Italy in the same year. The North American blackout affected 50 million people and caused approximately $6 billion in economic damage over the four days of its duration. Superconductivity offers powerful new opportunities for restoring the reliability of the power grid and increasing its capacity and efficiency. Superconductors are capable of carrying current without loss, making the parts of the grid they replace dramatically more efficient. Superconducting wires carry up to five times the current carried by copper wires that have the same cross section, thereby providing ample capacity for future expansion while requiring no increase in the number of overhead access lines or underground conduits. Their use is especially attractive in urban areas, where replacing copper with superconductors in power-saturated underground conduits avoids expensive new underground construction. Superconducting transformers cut the volume, weight, and losses of conventional transformers by a factor of two and do not require the contaminating and flammable transformer oils that violate urban safety codes. Unlike traditional grid technology, superconducting fault current limiters are smart. They increase their resistance abruptly in response to overcurrents from faults in the system, thus limiting the overcurrents and protecting the grid from damage. They react fast in both triggering and automatically resetting after the overload is cleared, providing a new, self-healing feature that enhances grid reliability. Superconducting reactive power regulators further enhance reliability by instantaneously adjusting reactive power for maximum efficiency and stability in a compact and economic package that is easily sited in urban grids. Not only do superconducting motors and generators cut losses, weight, and volume by a factor of two, but they are also much more tolerant of voltage sag, frequency instabilities, and reactive power fluctuations than their conventional counterparts. The challenge facing the electricity grid to provide abundant, reliable power will soon grow to crisis proportions. Continuing urbanization remains the dominant historic demographic trend in the United States and in the world. By 2030, nearly 90% of the U.S. population will reside in cities and suburbs, where increasingly strict permitting requirements preclude bringing in additional overhead access lines, underground cables are saturated, and growth in power demand is highest. The power grid has never faced a challenge so great or so critical to our future productivity, economic growth, and quality of life. Incremental advances in existing grid technology are not capable of solving the urban power bottleneck. Revolutionary new solutions are needed? the kind that come only from superconductivity.

Fundamental Elements of Applied Superconductivity in Electrical Engineering

Fundamental Elements of Applied Superconductivity in Electrical Engineering Book
Author : Yinshun Wang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 1118451171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Superconducting technology is potentially important as one of the future smart grid technologies. It is a combination of superconductor materials, electrical engineering, cryogenic insulation, cryogenics and cryostats. There has been no specific book fully describing this branch of science and technology in electrical engineering. However, this book includes these areas, and is essential for those majoring in applied superconductivity in electrical engineering. Recently, superconducting technology has made great progress. Many universities and companies are involved in applied superconductivity with the support of government. Over the next five years, departments of electrical engineering in universities and companies will become more involved in this area. This book: • will enable people to directly carry out research on applied superconductivity in electrical engineering • is more comprehensive and practical when compared to other advances • presents a clear introduction to the application of superconductor in electrical engineering and related fundamental technologies • arms readers with the technological aspects of superconductivity required to produce a machine • covers power supplying technologies in superconducting electric apparatus • is well organized and adaptable for students, lecturers, researchers and engineers • lecture slides suitable for lecturers available on the Wiley Companion Website Fundamental Elements of Applied Superconductivity in Electrical Engineering is ideal for academic researchers, graduates and undergraduate students in electrical engineering. It is also an excellent reference work for superconducting device researchers and engineers.

Research and Technology Development on Superconducting Current Limiting Transformers

Research and Technology Development on Superconducting Current Limiting Transformers Book
Author : Hellmann, Sebastian
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2020-01-10
ISBN : 3731508044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Research and Technology Development on Superconducting Current Limiting Transformers book written by Hellmann, Sebastian, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Polymer Insulation Applied for HVDC Transmission

Polymer Insulation Applied for HVDC Transmission Book
Author : Boxue Du
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 9811597316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on polymer insulation as applied to HVDC transmission. It addresses both fundamental principles and engineering practice, with more weight placed on the latter. This is achieved by providing in-depth studies on a number of major topics such as DC insulation structure, DC insulation design, nanocomposites, modification, testing and performance evaluation. In turn, several typical HVDC insulation application cases are examined in detail, e.g. cables, cable accessories, GIS/GIL, and converter transformers. A comprehensive and systematic study on polymer insulation modification and ageing assessment is one of the book’s major features, making it particularly well suited for readers who are interested in learning about polymer insulation materials. Given its scope, it offers a valuable resource for researchers, engineers and graduate students in the fields of high-voltage and insulation technologies, electrical engineering, material engineering, etc.

Development of high temperature superconductor cables for high direct current applications

Development of high temperature superconductor cables for high direct current applications Book
Author : Preuß, Alan
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2021-01-14
ISBN : 3731510413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A design process for HTS DC cables was developed for high current applications. Based on the design process, a 35 kA HTS DC cable demonstrator was developed. The superconducting elements of the demonstrator were manufactured and tested individually at 77 K. Afterwards, the demonstrator cable was assembled and tested at 77 K. The assembled demonstrator successfully reached 35 kA at 77 K and self field conditions.

High Temperature Superconductors HTS for Energy Applications

High Temperature Superconductors  HTS  for Energy Applications Book
Author : Ziad Melhem
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-12-21
ISBN : 0857095293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High temperature superconductors (HTS) offer many advantages through their application in electrical systems, including high efficiency performance and high throughput with low-electrical losses. While cryogenic cooling and precision materials manufacture is required to achieve this goal, cost reductions without significant performance loss are being achieved through the advanced design and development of HTS wires, cables and magnets, along with improvements in manufacturing methods. This book explores the fundamental principles, design and development of HTS materials and their practical applications in energy systems. Part one describes the fundamental science, engineering and development of particular HTS components such as wires and tapes, cables, coils and magnets and discusses the cryogenics and electromagnetic modelling of HTS systems and materials. Part two reviews the types of energy applications that HTS materials are used in, including fault current limiters, power cables and energy storage, as well as their application in rotating machinery for improved electrical efficiencies, and in fusion technologies and accelerator systems where HTS magnets are becoming essential enabling technologies. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, High temperature superconductors (HTS) for energy applications is an invaluable reference tool for anyone involved or interested in HTS materials and their application in energy systems, including materials scientists and electrical engineers, energy consultants, HTS materials manufacturers and designers, and researchers and academics in this field. Discusses fundamental issues and developments of particular HTS components Comprehensively reviews the design and development of HTS materials and then applications in energy systems Reviews the use of HTS materials and cabling transmissions, fault alignment limiters, energy storage, generators and motors, fusion and accelerator

Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity

Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity Book
Author : United States. Department of Energy. Office of Basic Energy Sciences,Argonne National Laboratory
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity book written by United States. Department of Energy. Office of Basic Energy Sciences,Argonne National Laboratory, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Power System Energy Storage Technologies

Power System Energy Storage Technologies Book
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-16
ISBN : 0128129034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power System Energy Storage Technologies provides a comprehensive analysis of the various technologies used to store electrical energy on both a small and large scale. Although expensive to implement, energy storage plants can offer significant benefits for the generation, distribution and use of electrical power. This is particularly important in renewable energy, which is intermittent in its supply. This book provides coverage of major technologies, such as sections on Pumped Storage Hydropower, Compressed-Air Energy Storage, Large Scale Batteries and Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage, each of which is presented with discussions of their operation, performance, efficiency and the costs associated with implementation and management. Provides a description and analysis of various storage technologies, such as Pumped Storage Hydropower, Compressed-Air Energy Storage, Large Scale Batteries and Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Breaks down each storage type and analyzes their operation, performance, efficiency and costs Considers how each energy storage plant benefits the generation distribution and use of electric power

Skills Development for Sustainable Manufacturing

Skills Development for Sustainable Manufacturing Book
Author : Christianah Ijagbemi,Harold Campbell
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-11-29
ISBN : 9535136453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globally, manufacturing facilities have taken a new turn with a mix of advanced robotics to fully unify production systems. Today's era of manufacturing has embraced smart manufacturing techniques by delving into intelligent manufacturing system of advances in robotics, controllers, sensors, and machine learning giving room for every aspect of the plant to be constantly accessible, monitored, controlled, redesigned, and adapted for required adjustments. Skill development within the manufacturing sector presents the advantage of high-quality products and can as well address long-term employment concerns through job creation. The development of skills for sustainable manufacturing is crucial to ensuring an efficient transition to a competitive economy by matching supply and demand for key skills. A number of factors ranging from green innovation, climate change, advances in technology, and global economic downturn are driving the need for a competitive and sustainable manufacturing value chain. The complexity of today's factories calls for new and existing workers to up-skill in order to influence design changes and production efficiency toward sustainable manufacturing.

Energy Science Technology in China A Roadmap to 2050

Energy Science   Technology in China  A Roadmap to 2050 Book
Author : Yong Chen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-08-18
ISBN : 3642053203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of energy science. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out China's S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with China's reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China's modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with China's reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation's highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government's decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China's high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.

Understanding Electric Power Systems

Understanding Electric Power Systems Book
Author : Frank Delea,Jack Casazza
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-20
ISBN : 1118211375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technological advances and changes in government policy and regulation have altered the electric power industry in recent years and will continue to impact it for quite some time. Fully updated with the latest changes to regulation, structure, and technology, this new edition of Understanding Electric Power Systems offers a real-world view of the industry, explaining how it operates, how it is structured, and how electricity is regulated and priced. It includes extensive references for the reader and will be especially useful to lawyers, government officials, regulators, engineers, and students, as well as the general public. The book explains the physical functioning of electric power systems, the electric power business in today's environment, and the related institutions, including recent changes in the roles of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the North American Reliability Company. Significant changes that are affecting the industry are covered in this new edition, including: The expanded role of the federal government in the planning and operation of the nation's electric utilities New energy laws and a large number of FERC regulations implementing these laws Concerns over global warming and potential impacts on the electric industry Pressures for expansion of the electric grid and the implementation of "smart-grid" technologies The growing importance of various energy-storage technologies and renewable energy sources New nuclear generation technologies The 2009 economic stimulus package

Advances in Superconductivity IV

Advances in Superconductivity IV Book
Author : Hisao Hayakawa,Naoki Koshizuka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 4431681957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Five years have passed since the breakthrough in the critical temperature for superconductors. During this period, many superconducting materials have been discovered and developed, and our knowledge of the physical and other properties of oxide superconductors has deepened through extensive and intensive research. This knowledge has advanced superconductivity science and technology from the initial questioning stage to a more developed but still uncertain second stage where research activity in superconductivity now overlaps with fields of application. Generally speaking, science resonates with technology. Science not only complements but also competes with or stimulates technology. New scientific knowledge has triggered the second technological research stage. Much progress has been made in the development of practical devices, encouraging the application of superconductors in areas such as human levitation, a high speed levitated bearing, large current transforming leads, and high frequency devices. This technological progress has increased our understanding of the science involved, such as flux pinning and dynamics, and anomalous long-range superconducting interactions. At this important stage, international cooperation and collaborative projects can effectively sustain aggressive research and development in order to advance superconductivity to the next stages. The ISS Symposium is expected to serve as a venue for increasing our knowledge of superconductivity and for exchanging visions for future research and applications, through the presentation and discus of the latest research results. These proceedings also aim to summarize sion annual progress in high-Tc superconductivity in all fields.

Electricity Transmission Distribution and Storage Systems

Electricity Transmission  Distribution and Storage Systems Book
Author : Ziad Melhem
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-31
ISBN : 0857097377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electricity transmission and distribution systems carry electricity from suppliers to demand sites. During transmission materials ageing and performance issues can lead to losses amounting to about 10% of the total generated electricity. Advanced grid technologies are therefore in development to sustain higher network efficiency, while also maintaining power quality and security. Electricity transmission, distribution and storage systems presents a comprehensive review of the materials, architecture and performance of electricity transmission and distribution networks, and the application and integration of electricity storage systems. The first part of the book reviews the fundamental issues facing electricity networks, with chapters discussing Transmission and Distribution (T&D) infrastructure, reliability and engineering, regulation and planning, the protection of T&D networks and the integration of distributed energy resources to the grid. Chapters in part two review the development of transmission and distribution system, with advanced concepts such as FACTS and HVDC, as well as advanced materials such as superconducting material and network components. This coverage is extended in the final section with chapters reviewing materials and applications of electricity storage systems for use in networks, for renewable and distributed generation plant, and in buildings and vehicles, such as batteries and other advanced electricity storage devices. With its distinguished editor, Electricity transmission, distribution and storage systems is an essential reference for materials and electrical engineers, energy consultants, T&D systems designers and technology manufacturers involved in advanced transmission and distribution. Presents a comprehensive review of the materials, architecture and performance of electricity transmission and distribution networks Examines the application and integration of electricity storage systems Reviews the fundamental issues facing electricity networks and examines the development of transmission and distribution systems

Handbook of Applied Superconductivity Volume 2

Handbook of Applied Superconductivity  Volume 2 Book
Author : B Seeber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-01-01
ISBN : 9781420050271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Applied Superconductivity, Two-Volume Set covers all important aspects of applied superconductivity and the supporting low-temperature technologies. The handbook clearly demonstrates the capabilities of superconducting technologies and illustrates how to implement these technologies in new areas of academic and industrial research and development. Volume One provides an introduction to the theoretical background of both low and high Tc superconductivity, followed by details of the basic hardware such as wires, tapes, and cables used in applications of superconductivity and the necessary supporting science and technology. Theoretical discussions are in most cases followed by examples of real designs, fabrication techniques, and practical instrumentation guidance. A final chapter examines materials properties at low temperatures. Volume Two provides examples of current and future applications of superconductivity. It covers medical systems for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), high field magnets for research, superconducting magnets for accelerators, industrial systems for magnetic separation, and transportation systems. The final chapters look to future applications in power and superconducting electronics. With fully referenced, peer-refereed contributions from experts in various fields, this two-volume work is an essential reference for a wide range of scientists and engineers in academic and industrial research and development environments.

Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids

Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids Book
Author : Gianluigi Migliavacca
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-04
ISBN : 1447145496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The re-engineering of power transmission systems is crucial to meeting the objectives of such regulators as the European Union. In addition to its market, organisational and regulatory aspects, this re-engineering will also involve technical issues dealing with the progressive integration of innovative transmission technologies in the daily operation of transmission system operators. In this context, Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids provides an overview of the most promising technologies, likely to be of help to planners of transmission grids in responding to the challenges of the future: security of supply; integration of renewable generation; and creation of integrated energy markets (using the European case as an example). These issues have increased importance because of administrative complication and the fragmentation of public opinion expressed on the build up of new infrastructure. For each technology discussed, the focus is on the technical-economic perspective rather than on purely technological points of view. A transmission-system-operator-targeted Technology Roadmap is presented for the integration of promising innovative power transmission technologies within power systems of the mid-long term. Although the primary focus of this text is in the sphere of the European energy market, the lessons learned can be generalized to the energy markets of other regions.