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Structured Parallel Programming

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Structured Parallel Programming

Structured Parallel Programming Book
Author : Michael McCool,James Reinders,Arch Robison
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-06-25
ISBN : 0124159931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Programming is now parallel programming. Much as structured programming revolutionized traditional serial programming decades ago, a new kind of structured programming, based on patterns, is relevant to parallel programming today. Parallel computing experts and industry insiders Michael McCool, Arch Robison, and James Reinders describe how to design and implement maintainable and efficient parallel algorithms using a pattern-based approach. They present both theory and practice, and give detailed concrete examples using multiple programming models. Examples are primarily given using two of the most popular and cutting edge programming models for parallel programming: Threading Building Blocks, and Cilk Plus. These architecture-independent models enable easy integration into existing applications, preserve investments in existing code, and speed the development of parallel applications. Examples from realistic contexts illustrate patterns and themes in parallel algorithm design that are widely applicable regardless of implementation technology. The patterns-based approach offers structure and insight that developers can apply to a variety of parallel programming models Develops a composable, structured, scalable, and machine-independent approach to parallel computing Includes detailed examples in both Cilk Plus and the latest Threading Building Blocks, which support a wide variety of computers

Structured Parallel Programming

Structured Parallel Programming Book
Author : Michael McCool,James Reinders,Arch Robison
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-31
ISBN : 0123914434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structured Parallel Programming offers the simplest way for developers to learn patterns for high-performance parallel programming. Written by parallel computing experts and industry insiders Michael McCool, Arch Robison, and James Reinders, this book explains how to design and implement maintainable and efficient parallel algorithms using a composable, structured, scalable, and machine-independent approach to parallel computing. It presents both theory and practice, and provides detailed concrete examples using multiple programming models. The examples in this book are presented using two of the most popular and cutting edge programming models for parallel programming: Threading Building Blocks, and Cilk Plus. These architecture-independent models enable easy integration into existing applications, preserve investments in existing code, and speed the development of parallel applications. Examples from realistic contexts illustrate patterns and themes in parallel algorithm design that are widely applicable regardless of implementation technology. Software developers, computer programmers, and software architects will find this book extremely helpful. The patterns-based approach offers structure and insight that developers can apply to a variety of parallel programming models Develops a composable, structured, scalable, and machine-independent approach to parallel computing Includes detailed examples in both Cilk Plus and the latest Threading Building Blocks, which support a wide variety of computers

Parallel Scientific Computation

Parallel Scientific Computation Book
Author : Rob H. Bisseling
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0191092576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building upon the wide-ranging success of the first edition, Parallel Scientific Computation presents a single unified approach to using a range of parallel computers, from a small desktop computer to a massively parallel computer. The author explains how to use the bulk synchronous parallel (BSP) model to design and implement parallel algorithms in the areas of scientific computing and big data, and provides a full treatment of core problems in these areas, starting from a high-level problem description, via a sequential solution algorithm to a parallel solution algorithm and an actual parallel program written in BSPlib. Every chapter of the book contains a theoretical section and a practical section presenting a parallel program and numerical experiments on a modern parallel computer to put the theoretical predictions and cost analysis to the test. Every chapter also presents extensive bibliographical notes with additional discussions and pointers to relevant literature, and numerous exercises which are suitable as graduate student projects. The second edition provides new material relevant for big-data science such as sorting and graph algorithms, and it provides a BSP approach towards new hardware developments such as hierarchical architectures with both shared and distributed memory. A single, simple hybrid BSP system suffices to handle both types of parallelism efficiently, and there is no need to master two systems, as often happens in alternative approaches. Furthermore, the second edition brings all algorithms used up to date, and it includes new material on high-performance linear system solving by LU decomposition, and improved data partitioning for sparse matrix computations. The book is accompanied by a software package BSPedupack, freely available online from the author's homepage, which contains all programs of the book and a set of test driver programs. This package written in C can be run using modern BSPlib implementations such as MulticoreBSP for C or BSPonMPI.

Programming Models for Parallel Computing

Programming Models for Parallel Computing Book
Author : Pavan Balaji
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2015-11-06
ISBN : 0262528819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the most prominent contemporary parallel processing programming models, written in a unique tutorial style. With the coming of the parallel computing era, computer scientists have turned their attention to designing programming models that are suited for high-performance parallel computing and supercomputing systems. Programming parallel systems is complicated by the fact that multiple processing units are simultaneously computing and moving data. This book offers an overview of some of the most prominent parallel programming models used in high-performance computing and supercomputing systems today. The chapters describe the programming models in a unique tutorial style rather than using the formal approach taken in the research literature. The aim is to cover a wide range of parallel programming models, enabling the reader to understand what each has to offer. The book begins with a description of the Message Passing Interface (MPI), the most common parallel programming model for distributed memory computing. It goes on to cover one-sided communication models, ranging from low-level runtime libraries (GASNet, OpenSHMEM) to high-level programming models (UPC, GA, Chapel); task-oriented programming models (Charm++, ADLB, Scioto, Swift, CnC) that allow users to describe their computation and data units as tasks so that the runtime system can manage computation and data movement as necessary; and parallel programming models intended for on-node parallelism in the context of multicore architecture or attached accelerators (OpenMP, Cilk Plus, TBB, CUDA, OpenCL). The book will be a valuable resource for graduate students, researchers, and any scientist who works with data sets and large computations. Contributors Timothy Armstrong, Michael G. Burke, Ralph Butler, Bradford L. Chamberlain, Sunita Chandrasekaran, Barbara Chapman, Jeff Daily, James Dinan, Deepak Eachempati, Ian T. Foster, William D. Gropp, Paul Hargrove, Wen-mei Hwu, Nikhil Jain, Laxmikant Kale, David Kirk, Kath Knobe, Ariram Krishnamoorthy, Jeffery A. Kuehn, Alexey Kukanov, Charles E. Leiserson, Jonathan Lifflander, Ewing Lusk, Tim Mattson, Bruce Palmer, Steven C. Pieper, Stephen W. Poole, Arch D. Robison, Frank Schlimbach, Rajeev Thakur, Abhinav Vishnu, Justin M. Wozniak, Michael Wilde, Kathy Yelick, Yili Zheng

Parallel Programming

Parallel Programming Book
Author : Thomas Rauber,Gudula Rünger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-13
ISBN : 3642378013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovations in hardware architecture, like hyper-threading or multicore processors, mean that parallel computing resources are available for inexpensive desktop computers. In only a few years, many standard software products will be based on concepts of parallel programming implemented on such hardware, and the range of applications will be much broader than that of scientific computing, up to now the main application area for parallel computing. Rauber and Rünger take up these recent developments in processor architecture by giving detailed descriptions of parallel programming techniques that are necessary for developing efficient programs for multicore processors as well as for parallel cluster systems and supercomputers. Their book is structured in three main parts, covering all areas of parallel computing: the architecture of parallel systems, parallel programming models and environments, and the implementation of efficient application algorithms. The emphasis lies on parallel programming techniques needed for different architectures. For this second edition, all chapters have been carefully revised. The chapter on architecture of parallel systems has been updated considerably, with a greater emphasis on the architecture of multicore systems and adding new material on the latest developments in computer architecture. Lastly, a completely new chapter on general-purpose GPUs and the corresponding programming techniques has been added. The main goal of the book is to present parallel programming techniques that can be used in many situations for a broad range of application areas and which enable the reader to develop correct and efficient parallel programs. Many examples and exercises are provided to show how to apply the techniques. The book can be used as both a textbook for students and a reference book for professionals. The material presented has been used for courses in parallel programming at different universities for many years.

Patterns for Parallel Programming

Patterns for Parallel Programming Book
Author : Timothy G. Mattson,Beverly Sanders,Berna Massingill
Publisher : Pearson Education
Release : 2004-09-15
ISBN : 0321630033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Parallel Programming Guide for Every Software Developer From grids and clusters to next-generation game consoles, parallel computing is going mainstream. Innovations such as Hyper-Threading Technology, HyperTransport Technology, and multicore microprocessors from IBM, Intel, and Sun are accelerating the movement's growth. Only one thing is missing: programmers with the skills to meet the soaring demand for parallel software. That's where Patterns for Parallel Programming comes in. It's the first parallel programming guide written specifically to serve working software developers, not just computer scientists. The authors introduce a complete, highly accessible pattern language that will help any experienced developer "think parallel"-and start writing effective parallel code almost immediately. Instead of formal theory, they deliver proven solutions to the challenges faced by parallel programmers, and pragmatic guidance for using today's parallel APIs in the real world. Coverage includes: Understanding the parallel computing landscape and the challenges faced by parallel developers Finding the concurrency in a software design problem and decomposing it into concurrent tasks Managing the use of data across tasks Creating an algorithm structure that effectively exploits the concurrency you've identified Connecting your algorithmic structures to the APIs needed to implement them Specific software constructs for implementing parallel programs Working with today's leading parallel programming environments: OpenMP, MPI, and Java Patterns have helped thousands of programmers master object-oriented development and other complex programming technologies. With this book, you will learn that they're the best way to master parallel programming too.

Parallel Programming with MPI

Parallel Programming with MPI Book
Author : Peter Pacheco
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9781558603394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematics of Computing -- Parallelism.

Parallel Programming

Parallel Programming Book
Author : Thomas Rauber,Gudula Rünger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-10
ISBN : 364204817X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovations in hardware architecture, like hyper-threading or multicore processors, mean that parallel computing resources are available for inexpensive desktop computers. In only a few years, many standard software products will be based on concepts of parallel programming implemented on such hardware, and the range of applications will be much broader than that of scientific computing, up to now the main application area for parallel computing. Rauber and Rünger take up these recent developments in processor architecture by giving detailed descriptions of parallel programming techniques that are necessary for developing efficient programs for multicore processors as well as for parallel cluster systems and supercomputers. Their book is structured in three main parts, covering all areas of parallel computing: the architecture of parallel systems, parallel programming models and environments, and the implementation of efficient application algorithms. The emphasis lies on parallel programming techniques needed for different architectures. The main goal of the book is to present parallel programming techniques that can be used in many situations for many application areas and which enable the reader to develop correct and efficient parallel programs. Many examples and exercises are provided to show how to apply the techniques. The book can be used as both a textbook for students and a reference book for professionals. The presented material has been used for courses in parallel programming at different universities for many years.

Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing

Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing Book
Author : David Padua
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-08
ISBN : 0387097651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing over 300 entries in an A-Z format, the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing provides easy, intuitive access to relevant information for professionals and researchers seeking access to any aspect within the broad field of parallel computing. Topics for this comprehensive reference were selected, written, and peer-reviewed by an international pool of distinguished researchers in the field. The Encyclopedia is broad in scope, covering machine organization, programming languages, algorithms, and applications. Within each area, concepts, designs, and specific implementations are presented. The highly-structured essays in this work comprise synonyms, a definition and discussion of the topic, bibliographies, and links to related literature. Extensive cross-references to other entries within the Encyclopedia support efficient, user-friendly searchers for immediate access to useful information. Key concepts presented in the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing include; laws and metrics; specific numerical and non-numerical algorithms; asynchronous algorithms; libraries of subroutines; benchmark suites; applications; sequential consistency and cache coherency; machine classes such as clusters, shared-memory multiprocessors, special-purpose machines and dataflow machines; specific machines such as Cray supercomputers, IBM’s cell processor and Intel’s multicore machines; race detection and auto parallelization; parallel programming languages, synchronization primitives, collective operations, message passing libraries, checkpointing, and operating systems. Topics covered: Speedup, Efficiency, Isoefficiency, Redundancy, Amdahls law, Computer Architecture Concepts, Parallel Machine Designs, Benmarks, Parallel Programming concepts & design, Algorithms, Parallel applications. This authoritative reference will be published in two formats: print and online. The online edition features hyperlinks to cross-references and to additional significant research. Related Subjects: supercomputing, high-performance computing, distributed computing

Parallel Computing Software Technology Algorithms Architectures Applications

Parallel Computing  Software Technology  Algorithms  Architectures   Applications Book
Author : Gerhard Joubert,Wolfgang Nagel,Frans Peters,Wolfgang Walter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-09-23
ISBN : 9780080538433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Parallel Computing series presents the theory and use of of parallel computer systems, including vector, pipeline, array, fifth and future generation computers and neural computers. This volume features original research work, as well as accounts on practical experience with and techniques for the use of parallel computers.

Parallel Computing On the Road to Exascale

Parallel Computing  On the Road to Exascale Book
Author : G.R. Joubert,H. Leather,M. Parsons
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2016-04-28
ISBN : 1614996210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As predicted by Gordon E. Moore in 1965, the performance of computer processors increased at an exponential rate. Nevertheless, the increases in computing speeds of single processor machines were eventually curtailed by physical constraints. This led to the development of parallel computing, and whilst progress has been made in this field, the complexities of parallel algorithm design, the deficiencies of the available software development tools and the complexity of scheduling tasks over thousands and even millions of processing nodes represent a major challenge to the construction and use of more powerful parallel systems. This book presents the proceedings of the biennial International Conference on Parallel Computing (ParCo2015), held in Edinburgh, Scotland, in September 2015. Topics covered include computer architecture and performance, programming models and methods, as well as applications. The book also includes two invited talks and a number of mini-symposia. Exascale computing holds enormous promise in terms of increasing scientific knowledge acquisition and thus contributing to the future well-being and prosperity of mankind. A number of innovative approaches to the development and use of future high-performance and high-throughput systems are to be found in this book, which will be of interest to all those whose work involves the handling and processing of large amounts of data.

An Introduction to Parallel Programming

An Introduction to Parallel Programming Book
Author : Peter Pacheco,Matthew Malensek
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2021-08-27
ISBN : 012804618X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Parallel Programming, Second Edition presents a tried-and-true tutorial approach that shows students how to develop effective parallel programs with MPI, Pthreads and OpenMP. As the first undergraduate text to directly address compiling and running parallel programs on multi-core and cluster architecture, this second edition carries forward its clear explanations for designing, debugging and evaluating the performance of distributed and shared-memory programs while adding coverage of accelerators via new content on GPU programming and heterogeneous programming. New and improved user-friendly exercises teach students how to compile, run and modify example programs. Takes a tutorial approach, starting with small programming examples and building progressively to more challenging examples Explains how to develop parallel programs using MPI, Pthreads and OpenMP programming models A robust package of online ancillaries for instructors and students includes lecture slides, solutions manual, downloadable source code, and an image bank New to this edition: New chapters on GPU programming and heterogeneous programming New examples and exercises related to parallel algorithms

Introduction to Parallel Computing

Introduction to Parallel Computing Book
Author : Roman Trobec,Boštjan Slivnik,Patricio Bulić,Borut Robič
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-27
ISBN : 3319988336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancements in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology, and software development have fueled rapid growth in parallel and distributed computing. However, this development is only of practical benefit if it is accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and programming of parallel algorithms. This concise textbook provides, in one place, three mainstream parallelization approaches, Open MPP, MPI and OpenCL, for multicore computers, interconnected computers and graphical processing units. An overview of practical parallel computing and principles will enable the reader to design efficient parallel programs for solving various computational problems on state-of-the-art personal computers and computing clusters. Topics covered range from parallel algorithms, programming tools, OpenMP, MPI and OpenCL, followed by experimental measurements of parallel programs’ run-times, and by engineering analysis of obtained results for improved parallel execution performances. Many examples and exercises support the exposition.

Parallel Computing Technologies

Parallel Computing Technologies Book
Author : Victor Malyshkin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-07-31
ISBN : 354048387X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Parallel Computing Technologies, PaCT-99, held in St. Petersburg, Russia in September 1999. The 47 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 100 submissions. The papers address all current issues in parallel processing ranging from theory, algorithms, programming, and software to implementation, architectures, hardware, and applications.

High Level Parallel Programming Models and Supportive Environments

High Level Parallel Programming Models and Supportive Environments Book
Author : Frank Mueller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-05-15
ISBN : 3540454012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On the 23rd of April, 2001, the 6th Workshop on High-Level Parallel P- gramming Models and Supportive Environments (LCTES’98) was held in San Francisco. HIPShas been held over the past six years in conjunction with IPDPS, the Internation Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium. The HIPSworkshop focuses on high-level programming of networks of wo- stations, computing clusters and of massively-parallel machines. Its goal is to bring together researchers working in the areas of applications, language design, compilers, system architecture and programming tools to discuss new devel- ments in programming such systems. In recent years, several standards have emerged with an increasing demand of support for parallel and distributed processing. On one end, message-passing frameworks, such as PVM, MPI and VIA, provide support for basic commu- cation. On the other hand, distributed object standards, such as CORBA and DCOM, provide support for handling remote objects in a client-server fashion but also ensure certain guarantees for the quality of services. The key issues for the success of programming parallel and distributed en- ronments are high-level programming concepts and e?ciency. In addition, other quality categories have to be taken into account, such as scalability, security, bandwidth guarantees and fault tolerance, just to name a few. Today’s challenge is to provide high-level programming concepts without s- ri?cing e?ciency. This is only possible by carefully designing for those concepts and by providing supportive programming environments that facilitate program development and tuning.

Fortran 2018 with Parallel Programming

Fortran 2018 with Parallel Programming Book
Author : Subrata Ray
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-22
ISBN : 1000537196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The programming language Fortran dates back to 1957 when a team of IBM engineers released the first Fortran Compiler. During the past 60 years, the language had been revised and updated several times to incorporate more features to enable writing clean and structured computer programs. The present version is Fortran 2018. Since the dawn of the computer era, there had been a constant demand for a “larger” and “faster” machine. To increase the speed there are three hurdles. The density of the active components on a VLSI chip cannot be increased indefinitely and with the increase of the density heat dissipation becomes a major problem. Finally, the speed of any signal cannot exceed the velocity of the light. However, by using several inexpensive processors in parallel coupled with specialized software and hardware, programmers can achieve computing speed similar to a supercomputer. This book can be used to learn the modern Fortran from the beginning and the technique of developing parallel programs using Fortran. It is for anyone who wants to learn Fortran. Knowledge beyond high school mathematics is not required. There is not another book on the market yet which deals with Fortran 2018 as well as parallel programming. FEATURES Descriptions of majority of Fortran 2018 instructions Numerical Model String with Variable Length IEEE Arithmetic and Exceptions Dynamic Memory Management Pointers Bit handling C-Fortran Interoperability Object Oriented Programming Parallel Programming using Coarray Parallel Programming using OpenMP Parallel Programming using Message Passing Interface (MPI) THE AUTHOR Dr Subrata Ray, is a retired Professor, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.

Parallel Computing

Parallel Computing Book
Author : E H D'Hollander,G R Joubert,F J Peters,H Sips
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2000-05-31
ISBN : 1783261684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This millennium will see the increased use of parallel computing technologies at all levels of mainstream computing. Most computer hardware will use these technologies to achieve higher computing speeds, high speed access to very large distributed databases and greater flexibility through heterogeneous computing. These developments can be expected to result in the extended use of all types of parallel computers in virtually all areas of human endeavour. Compute-intensive problems in emerging areas such as financial modelling and multimedia systems, in addition to traditional application areas of parallel computing such as scientific computing and simulation, will stimulate the developments. Parallel computing as a field of scientific research and development will move from a niche concentrating on solving compute-intensive scientific and engineering problems to become one of the fundamental computing technologies. This book gives a retrospective view of what has been achieved in the parallel computing field during the past three decades, as well as a prospective view of expected future developments. Contents: Invited PapersApplicationsAlgorithmsSystem Software and Hardware ArchitectureIndustrial PerspectiveExtended Abstracts Readership: Researchers in high-speed computing. Keywords:Computing Technologies;Algorithms;System Software;Hardware Architecture;High-Speed Computing

Parallel Computing

Parallel Computing Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2023-02-05
ISBN : 1783261285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Parallel Computing book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Euro Par 98 Parallel Processing

Euro Par 98 Parallel Processing Book
Author : David Pritchard
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1998-08-19
ISBN : 9783540649526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings -- Parallel Computing.

Programming Environments for Massively Parallel Distributed Systems

Programming Environments for Massively Parallel Distributed Systems Book
Author : Karsten M. Decker,Rene M. Rehmann
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3034885342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Massively Parallel Systems (MPSs) with their scalable computation and storage space promises are becoming increasingly important for high-performance computing. The growing acceptance of MPSs in academia is clearly apparent. However, in industrial companies, their usage remains low. The programming of MPSs is still the big obstacle, and solving this software problem is sometimes referred to as one of the most challenging tasks of the 1990's. The 1994 working conference on "Programming Environments for Massively Parallel Systems" was the latest event of the working group WG 10.3 of the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) in this field. It succeeded the 1992 conference in Edinburgh on "Programming Environments for Parallel Computing". The research and development work discussed at the conference addresses the entire spectrum of software problems including virtual machines which are less cumbersome to program; more convenient programming models; advanced programming languages, and especially more sophisticated programming tools; but also algorithms and applications.