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Structure And Properties Of High Performance Fibers

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Structure and Properties of High Performance Fibers

Structure and Properties of High Performance Fibers Book
Author : Gajanan Bhat
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-21
ISBN : 0081005512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers explores the relationship between the structure and properties of a wide range of high-performance fibers. Part I covers high-performance inorganic fibers, including glasses and ceramics, plus carbon fibers of various types. In Part II, high-performance synthetic polymer fibers are discussed, while Part III reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles. The high-performance properties of these fibers are related to their chemistry and morphology, as well as the ways in which they are synthesized and spun. High-performance fibers form the basis of textile materials with applications in protection, medicine, and composite reinforcement. Fibers are selected for these technical applications due to their advanced physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance inorganic, carbon, synthetic polymer, and natural fibers Includes contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field Reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles

Structure and Properties of High Performance Fibres

Structure and Properties of High Performance Fibres Book
Author : Jyh Ming Tzou
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Structure and Properties of High Performance Fibres book written by Jyh Ming Tzou, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

High Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites

High Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-05-09
ISBN : 9780309181839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Military use of advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC)â€"consisting of a resin matrix reinforced by high-performance carbon or organic fibersâ€"while extensive, accounts for less that 10 percent of the domestic market. Nevertheless, advanced composites are expected to play an even greater role in future military systems, and DOD will continue to require access to reliable sources of affordable, high-performance fibers including commercial materials and manufacturing processes. As a result of these forecasts, DOD requested the NRC to assess the challenges and opportunities associated with advanced PMCs with emphasis on high-performance fibers. This report provides an assessment of fiber technology and industries, a discussion of R&D opportunities for DOD, and recommendations about accelerating technology transition, reducing costs, and improving understanding of design methodology and promising technologies.

Textiles for Advanced Applications

Textiles for Advanced Applications Book
Author : Bipin Kumar,Suman Thakur
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-09-20
ISBN : 9535135007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a global view of the development and applications of technical textiles with the description of materials, structures, properties, characterizations, functions and relevant production technologies, case studies, challenges, and opportunities. Technical textile is a transformative research area, dealing with the creation and studies of new generations of textiles that hoist many new scientific and technological challenges that have never been encountered before. The book emphasizes more on the principles of textile science and technology to provide solutions to several engineering problems. All chapter topics are exclusive and selectively chosen and designed, and they are extensively explored by different authors having specific knowledge in each area.

Cut Protective Textiles

Cut Protective Textiles Book
Author : Daniel (Xuedong) Li
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-23
ISBN : 0128203919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cut Protective Textiles is a comprehensive guide to the background theory, industrial testing methods, regulations, applications and material characteristics important to those working with cut protective textiles. This book will help readers understand the pitfalls of assessing cut performance and how to translate that understanding into innovative concepts for their research or product development. Detailed coverage of the properties of cut resistant textiles includes information on fibers, yarns and fabrics, providing a valuable resource for a wide range of researchers and practitioners. The book's comparisons will help clear up confusion caused by different testing methods. Finally, the inclusion of methodologies for the creation of cut protective articles will help readers make full use of this book in a practical setting. Explains global testing standards in detail, also comparing their various strengths and weaknesses Provides cut resistance performance information for different materials Introduces the characteristics of the appropriate materials with supporting theory Draws on industry best practice to create a detailed guide to making cut resistant products

Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin Fibres Book
Author : S C O Ugbolue
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 0081012519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyolefin Fibres: Structure, Properties and Industrial Applications, Second Edition, explores one of the most widely used commercial polymers, with a focus on the most important polyolefins, namely polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyolefin bicomponent fibres. These versatile fibres are durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, economical, and functional. This new edition has been updated and expanded to include cutting-edge research on a broad range of advanced applications. Part I covers the structure and properties of polyolefin fibres, incorporating a new chapter on the environmental aspects of polyolefin use. Part II examines the methods for improving the functionality of polyolefins, providing essential information for those engaged in developing high-performance materials. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefin fibres can be incorporated into specific textile applications, such as automotive, geotextile, biomedical, and hygiene products, and explores potential future development. This book is an essential reference for textile technologists and manufacturers, polymer and fibre scientists, yarn and fabric manufacturers, biomedical and device engineers, and industrialists and researchers. Introduces the types, properties and structure of polyolefin fibers for readers new to the polyolefins field Examines methods to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibers, providing essential information for textile technologists and research and development managers engaged in developing high-performance materials Presents existing and potential applications of polyolefin fibers, exploring how they can expand the range of commercial polyolefin-based products

High Performance Fibres

High Performance Fibres Book
Author : J. W. S. Hearle
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-10-26
ISBN : 185573754X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important new handbook provides comprehensive coverage of how high performance fibres are designed and manufactured and covers their capabilities and applications. The high-modulus, high-tenacity (HM-HT) fibres fall naturally into three groups – polymer fibres such as aramids and polyethylene fibres; carbon fibres such as Kevlar; and inorganic fibres based on glass and ceramic fibres. The books shows how high performance fibres are being increasingly used for a wide range of applications including goetextiles and geomembranes and for construction and civil engineering projects as well as in specialist fibres within composite materials where their ability to fulfil demanding roles makes them an effective choice for the engineer and materials scientist. Provides a comprehensive overview of how high performance fibres are designed and manufactured and covers their capabilities and applications Explains how high performance fibres are being increasingly used for a wide range of applications, including geotextiles and geomembranes and construction and civil engineering projects

Polymer Microscopy

Polymer Microscopy Book
Author : Linda Sawyer,David T. Grubb,Gregory F. Meyers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-24
ISBN : 9780387726281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This extensively updated and revised Third Edition is a comprehensive and practical guide to the study of the microstructure of polymers. It is the result of the authors' many years of academic and industrial experience. Introductory chapters deal with the basic concepts of both polymer morphology and processing and microscopy and imaging theory. The core of the book is more applied, with many examples of specimen preparation and image interpretation leading to materials characterization. Emerging techniques such as compositional mapping in which microscopy is combined with spectroscopy are considered. The book closes with a problem solving guide.

NASA Reference Publication

NASA Reference Publication Book
Author : United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Office
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NASA Reference Publication book written by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Office, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Carbon Materials and Composites

Carbon Carbon Materials and Composites Book
Author : John D. Buckley,Dan D. Edie
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0815516290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The major areas of carbon-carbon materials and composites are described in this comprehensive volume. It presents data and technology on the materials and structures developed for the production of carbon-carbon materials and composites. The text is composed of papers by 13 noted authors in their areas of expertise relating to the processes and production of these material systems and structures. The subject matter in the book is arranged to lead the reader through materials processing, fabrication, structural analysis, and applications of typical carbon-carbon products. The information provided includes: fiber technology, matrix material, design of composite structures, manufacturing techniques, engineering mechanics, protective coatings, and structural applications using carbon-carbon materials and composites.

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies Book
Author : T.D. Burchell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-07-22
ISBN : 0080528546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The inspiration for this book came from an American Carbon Society Workshop entitled "Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies" which was hosted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1994. Chapter 1 contains a review of carbon materials, and emphasizes the structure and chemical bonding in the various forms of carbon, including the four allotropes diamond, graphite, carbynes, and the fullerenes. In addition, amorphous carbon and diamond films, carbon nanoparticles, and engineered carbons are discussed. The most recently discovered allotrope of carbon, i.e., the fullerenes, along with carbon nanotubes, are more fully discussed in Chapter 2, where their structure-property relations are reviewed in the context of advanced technologies for carbon based materials. The synthesis, structure, and properties of the fullerenes and nanotubes, and modification of the structure and properties through doping, are also reviewed. Potential applications of this new family of carbon materials are considered. The manufacture and applications of adsorbent carbon fibers are discussed in Chapter 3. The manufacture, structure and properties of high performance fibers are reviewed in Chapter 4, and the manufacture and properties of vapor grown fibers and their composites are reported in Chapter 5. The properties and applications of novel low density composites developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are reported in Chapter 6. Coal is an important source of energy and an abundant source of carbon. The production of engineering carbons and graphite from coal via a solvent extraction route is described in Chapter 7. Applications of activated carbons are discussed in Chapters 8-10, including their use in the automotive arena as evaporative loss emission traps (Chapter 8), and in vehicle natural gas storage tanks (Chapter 9). The application of activated carbons in adsorption heat pumps and refrigerators is discussed in Chapter 10. Chapter 11 reports the use of carbon materials in the fast growing consumer electronics application of lithium-ion batteries. The role of carbon materials in nuclear systems is discussed in Chapters 12 and 13, where fusion device and fission reactor applications, respectively, are reviewed. In Chapter 12 the major technological issues for the utilization of carbon as a plasma facing material are discussed in the context of current and future fusion tokamak devices. The essential design features of graphite moderated reactors, (including gas-, water- and molten salt-cooled systems) are reviewed in Chapter 13, and reactor environmental effects such as radiation damage and radiolytic corrosion are discussed. The fracture behaviour of graphite is discussed in qualitative and quantitative terms in Chapter 14. The applications of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics and Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics to graphite are reviewed and a study of the role of small flaws in nuclear graphites is reported.

American Society of Composites 28th Technical Conference

American Society of Composites 28th Technical Conference Book
Author : Charles Bakis
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2013-11-01
ISBN : 1605951072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and unpublished U.S. and international research on multifunctional, active, biobased, SHM, self-healing composites -- from nanolevel to large structures New information on modeling, design, computational engineering, manufacturing, testing Applications to aircraft, bridges, concrete, medicine, body armor, wind energy This fully searchable CD-ROM contains 135 original research papers on all phases of composite materials. The document provides cutting edge research by US, Canadian, and Japanese authorities on matrix-based and fiber composites from design to damage analysis and detection. Major divisions of the work include: Structural Health Monitoring, Multifunctional Composites, Integrated Computational Materials Engineering, Interlaminar Testing, Analysis-Shell Structures, Thermoplastic Matrices, Analysis Non-classical Laminates, Bio-Based Composites, Electrical Properties, Dynamic Behavior, Damage/Failure, Compression-Testing, Active Composites, 3D Reinforcement, Dielectric Nanocomposites, Micromechanical Analysis, Processing, CM Reinforcement for Concrete, Environmental Effects, Phase-Transforming, Molecular Modeling, Impact.

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres Book
Author : J. W. S. Hearle,W E Morton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-10-10
ISBN : 1845694422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres

Atomic Force Microscopy in Adhesion Studies

Atomic Force Microscopy in Adhesion Studies Book
Author : J. Drelich,Kash L. Mittal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-10-01
ISBN : 906764434X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since its discovery, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) has become a technique of choice for non-destructive surface characterization with sub-molecular resolution. The AFM has also emerged as a problem-solving tool in applications relevant to particle-solid and particle-liquid interactions, design, fabrication, and characterization of new materials, and development of new technologies for processing and modification of materials. This volume is a comprehensive review of AFM techniques and their application in adhesion studies. It is intended for both researchers and students in engineering disciplines, physics and biology. Over 100 authors contributed to this book, summarizing current status of research on measurements of colloidal particle-solid adhesion and molecular forces, solid surface imaging and mapping, and discussing the contact mechanics models applicable to particle-substrate and particle-particle systems.

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres Book
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 008101886X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres, Second Edition introduces tensile properties and failure and testing of fibers, also examining tensile properties and the failure of natural fibers, such as cotton, hemp, flax, agave, wool and silk. Next, the book discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibers, ranging from polyamide, polyester, polyethylene and carbon fibers. Chapters provide a general background of the fiber, including its manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties and methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and international contributors, this book is an important reference for fiber scientists, textile technologists, engineers and academics. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance natural, synthetic polymer and inorganic fibers Offers a range of perspectives on the tensile properties of fibers from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research and in textile development and manufacture

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2 Book
Author : A.E. Naaman,H.W. Reinhardt
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-06-20
ISBN : 9780419211808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The leading international authorities bring together in this contributed volume the latest research and current thinking on advanced fiber reinforced cement composites. Under rigorous editorial control, 13 chapters map out the key properties and behaviour of these materials, which promise to extend their applications into many more areas in the coming years.

PRO 30 4th International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites HPFRCC 4

PRO 30  4th International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites  HPFRCC 4  Book
Author : Antoine E. Naaman,Hans Wolfgang Reinhardt
Publisher : RILEM Publications
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9782912143372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download PRO 30 4th International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites HPFRCC 4 book written by Antoine E. Naaman,Hans Wolfgang Reinhardt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Precursor Structure Fiber Property Relationships in Polyacrylonitrile Based Carbon Fibers

Precursor Structure Fiber Property Relationships in Polyacrylonitrile Based Carbon Fibers Book
Author : A. S. Abhiraman,GEORGIA INST OF TECH ATLANTA SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon fibers occupy a premier position among high performance fiber structures, with a combination of physical and mechanical properties, in tension and in compression, that makes them uniquely suitable for application in many advanced fiber-reinforced composites. Fundamental investigations pertaining to precursor fibers and conversion processes in the last decade have paved the way for significant improvements in mechanical properties, especially in the tensile properties of polyacrylonitrile- (PAN) based fibers. Much of the empiricism which existed in the early phases of carbon fiber development has been replaced by fundamental knowledge of the evolution of structure and properties. Georgia Tech has been a significant contributor to this global effort, with important contributions and current research spanning the range from acrylic precursor fiber formation, through oxidative stabilization, to carbonization. The primary objectives of the research reported here have been to strengthen the fundamental knowledge base and to provide rational directions for advances in precursor fiber structures and process routes to generate new morphologies and superior mechanical properties in PAN-based carbon fibers. Significant progress in this direction has been made through a general emphasis on exploration of the fundamental aspects of the chemical and morphological evolution from PAN-based precursors to carbon fibers. (sdw).

High Performance Concrete Innovation Utilization

High Performance Concrete    Innovation   Utilization Book
Author : Gai Fei Peng,Jun Zhang,Ting Yu Hao,Fa Guang Leng
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 3038266604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 10th International Symposium on High Performance Concrete – Innovation & Utilization (HPC 2014), September 16-18, 2014, Beijing, China. The 87 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: High-Performance and Ultra-High Performance Concrete, Chapter 2: Concrete Durability and Mechanical Properties, Chapter 3: Fire Resistance, Chapter 4: Concrete Sustainability, Recycling and Utilization, Chapter 5: Mix Proportion Design and Hydration, Chapter 6: Self-Compacting Concrete, Chapter 7: Special Raw Materials, Concrete Composites and Additives, Chapter 8: Structural Performance and Modeling, Chapter 9: Testing Methods, Evaluation and Quality