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Structure And Function Of The Extracellular Matrix

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The Extracellular Matrix an Overview

The Extracellular Matrix  an Overview Book
Author : Robert Mecham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-16
ISBN : 9783642165559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Knowledge of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential to understand cellular differentiation, tissue development, and tissue remodeling. This volume of the series “Biology of Extracellular Matrix” provides a timely overview of the structure, regulation, and function of the major macromolecules that make up the extracellular matrix. It covers topics such as collagen types and assembly of collagen-containing suprastructures, basement membrane, fibronectin and other cell-adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, microfibrils, elastin, fibulins and matricellular proteins, such as thrombospondin. It also explores the concept that ECM components together with their cell surface receptors can be viewed as intricate nano-devices that allow cells to physically organize their 3-D-environment. Further, the role of the ECM in human disease and pathogenesis is discussed as well as the use of model organisms in elucidating ECM function.

Evolution of Extracellular Matrix

Evolution of Extracellular Matrix Book
Author : Fred W. Keeley,Robert Mecham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-15
ISBN : 3642360025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evolution of single cells into multicellular organisms was mediated, in large part, by the extracellular matrix. The proteins and glycoconjugates that make up the extracellular matrix provide structural support to cellular complexes, facilitate cell adhesion and migration, and impart mechanical properties that are important for tissue function. Each class of ECM macromolecule has evolved to incorporate distinctive properties that are defined by conserved modules that are mixed together to achieve appropriate function. This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of how the major ECM components evolved over time in order to fill their specific roles found in modern organisms. The major focus is on the structural matrix proteins, matricellular proteins, and more complex ECM structures such as basement membranes. Adhesive proteins and their receptors are also discussed.

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body Book
Author : Francesco Travascio
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-06-15
ISBN : 9535124153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an ensemble of non-cellular components present within all tissues and organs of the human body. The ECM provides structural support for scaffolding cellular constituents and biochemical and biomechanical support for those events leading to tissue morphogenesis, differentiation and homeostasis. Essential components of all ECMs are water, proteins and polysaccharides. However, their composition, architecture and bioactivity greatly vary from tissue to tissue in relation to the specific role the ECM is required to assume. This book overviews the role of the ECM in different tissues and organs of the human body.

Guidebook to the Extracellular Matrix Anchor and Adhesion Proteins

Guidebook to the Extracellular Matrix  Anchor  and Adhesion Proteins Book
Author : Thomas Kreis,Ronald Vale
Publisher : Sambrook and Tooze Publications
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780198599586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition of Guidebook to the Extracellular Matrix and Adhesion Proteins brings up-to-date information on the purification, activities, antibodies and genes for the proteins found in the extracellular matrix and those known to be involved in cell-cell contact and adhesion. Since thefirst edition much has been learned on the structure of these proteins and their diverse roles in cell communication and metabolite exchange. The Sambrook and Tooze guidebooks provide succinct and up-to-date information on particular classes of important biological molecules, accompanied by shortbibliographies, which enable both specialists and newcomers to the field to gain access to unfamiliar work. Drawing on a wide range of sources, this volume addresses all aspects of the structure and function of modules in the extracellular matrix, adhesion molecules, cell adhesion and cell-cellcontact proteins.

Cell Extracellular Matrix Interactions in Cancer

Cell Extracellular Matrix Interactions in Cancer Book
Author : Roy Zent,Ambra Pozzi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-22
ISBN : 1441908153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer was thought to originate from alterations in intercellular signaling that resulted in the transformation of cells, their uncontrolled proliferation and metastasis. There is now an increasing body of evidence demonstrating that the surrounding matrix and cell-matrix interactions are also major players in this process. Cells adhere and receive signals from various extracellular matrices via transmembrane receptors, the best known of which are the heterodimeric glycoproteins, integrins.

Structure and function of Collagen types

Structure and function of Collagen types Book
Author : Richard Maynes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323155715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structure and Function of Collagen Types is a collection of articles that reviews the different types of collagens (Type I to XI). Each article focuses on a particular type of collagen and written by leading investigators in the collagen field. The book begins with a review of the fibril forming collagens (types I, II, and III) and traces the early work on the structure of these collagens to our knowledge of the structure of the collagen genes. This chapter is followed by a detailed description of type IV (basement membrane) collagen. Chapter 3 addresses the biosynthesis and chain assembly of type V collagen. The evidence that type VI collagen is assembled to form tetramers is presented in chapter 4. The subsequent article shows that type VII collagens are assembled to form partially overlapping dimers. Chapter 6 presents the structure of type VIII collagen. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 discuss the structure and characteristics of collagens that are synthesized by cartilaginous tissues and these are designated as type IX, type X, and type XI. The final chapter reviews the recombinant DNA techniques used to investigate collagen structure and the possibility to recognize new collagen types from a cDNA library. Physiologists, cell biologists, and researchers in the field of collagen will find the text very insightful.

Extracellular Matrix

Extracellular Matrix Book
Author : W.D. Comper
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-06-30
ISBN : 9783718658428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Extracellular Matrix and Ground Regulation

The Extracellular Matrix and Ground Regulation Book
Author : Alfred Pischinger
Publisher : North Atlantic Books
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1556436882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The workings of the suitable environment for cells—called the extracellular matrix (ECM) and ground regulation—has occupied the European medical tradition since the early part of the 20th century. As it has become more clear that the origin of disease and its first signals register in the connective tissue, or myofascia, cellular pathologists and biochemists have sought to circumscribe networks of cell communication and microcirculation in the ECM. Alfred Pischinger (1899-1982) continued this line of work by further studying, in work published from 1926 through the late seventies, the connections of the ECM to the hormonal and autonomic systems. In the last twenty years Professor and Doctor of Natural Sciences Hartmut Heine and his colleagues have carried on Pischinger's work, here summarized in one volume. Part One encompasses theoretical underpinnings; Parts Two and Three address applications and directions for further research. This updated English-language translation not only is an account of the work of Pischinger's successors—Heine, Otto Bergsmann, and Felix Perger, (the three editors of this volume) and their many colleagues—but notes the positive development of complementary therapies based on this understanding of histology. Acupuncture is referenced directly. Both in Europe and the States the work of manual therapists, including Rolfers, cranio- sacral therapists, and other somatic disciplines have been informed for many years by Pischinger's outsider model of how changes in the EMC register in the central nervous system and the brain, and are conveyed back to the periphery and connected organs. Heine's exciting recent work shows that the regulation and construction of the ECM have relationships to cybernetic non-linear systems and phase transitions.

Extracellular Matrix Assembly and Structure

Extracellular Matrix Assembly and Structure Book
Author : Peter D. Yurchenco
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483289427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complex and critical process of extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly is described in this book. Assembly may involve molecules interacting with molecules of the same matrix class, such as in collagen, or interactions between different ECM molecules, such as in basement membranes. The text shows how this is driven by structural information within the matrix monomer. This information will be of interest to cell, developmental, and molecular biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, and biomedical researchers involved in macromolecular assembly, biological macromolecules, and extracellular matrix. Addresses assembly of most of the known classes of extracellular matrix macromolecules Discusses higher order structures produced by ECM Gives important concepts in ECM and cell-matrix interactions, Protein structure and protein-protein interactions, Development and tissue remodeling

Cell and Tissue Organization in the Circulatory and Ventilatory Systems

Cell and Tissue Organization in the Circulatory and Ventilatory Systems Book
Author : Marc Thiriet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-08
ISBN : 144199758X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volumes in this authoritative series present a multidisciplinary approach to modeling and simulation of flows in the cardiovascular and ventilatory systems, especially multiscale modeling and coupled simulations. The cardiovascular and respiratory systems are tightly coupled, as their primary function is to supply oxygen to and remove carbon dioxide from the body's cells. Because physiological conduits have deformable and reactive walls, macroscopic flow behavior and prediction must be coupled to nano- and microscopic events in a corrector scheme of regulated mechanisms. Therefore, investigation of flows of blood and air in physiological conduits requires an understanding of the biology, chemistry, and physics of these systems together with the mathematical tools to describe their functioning. The present volume is devoted to cellular events that allow adaptation to environmental conditions, particularly mechanotransduction. It begins with cell organization and a survey of cell types in the vasculature and respiratory tract. It then addresses cell structure and functions, especially in interactions with adjoining cells and matrix.

Extracellular Matrix Pathobiology and Signaling

Extracellular Matrix  Pathobiology and Signaling Book
Author : Nikos Karamanos
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2012-08-31
ISBN : 3110258773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last decades cell biology and biological chemistry have increasingly turned their attention to the space between cells and revealed an elaborate network of macromolecules essential for structural support, cell migration, adhesion and signaling. This comprehensive handbook of the extracellular matrix is organized into seven thematic sections, giving an overview of the current state of knowledge of matrix components (structure and function), their roles in health and disease (matrix pathobiology) as well as new concepts of pharmacological targeting.

Cell Biology of Extracellular Matrix

Cell Biology of Extracellular Matrix Book
Author : Elizabeth D. Hay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146130881X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At a recent meeting to discuss the domains of cell biology, I put forth a case for the extracellular matrix, even though my argument ran the risk of falling on deaf ears. After all, the matrix is EXTRAcellular, outside the cells. In this book, however, the authors make a compelling case for the relevance of the matrix to cellular concerns. Not only are numerous cell types, including many epithelia, quite caught up in the business of manufacturing matrix components, but also most of them contain matrix molecules in exoskeletons that are attached to the plasmalemma and that organize or otherwise influence the affairs of the cyto plasm. The idea of this book is to present the extracellular matrix to cell biolo gists of all levels. The authors are active and busy investigators, recognized experts in their fields, but all were enthusiastic about the prospect of writing for this audience. The chapters are not "review" articles in the usual sense, nor are they rehashes of symposium talks; they were written specifically for this book and they present the "state of the art" in engaging style, with ample references to more technical or historical reviews. The book is rich in electron micro graphs and diagrams and for many of the latter, as well as for the design of the cover, we are indebted to Sylvia J. Keene, medical illustrator for the Department of Anatomy at Harvard Medical Scrool. We also owe special thanks to Susan G.

The Comparative Molecular Biology of Extracellular Matrices

The Comparative Molecular Biology of Extracellular Matrices Book
Author : Harold Slavkin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323148220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Comparative Molecular Biology of Extracellular Matrices reviews and assesses the comparative molecular biology of extracellular matrices. It covers six areas that are advanced to supplement this study. These include the molecular biology of collagen, monopolysaccharides, proteoglycans, and structural glycoproteins; development process of extracellular matrices; cell surfaces and interactions; evolution of bone and some tissues; and biophysical properties of connective tissues.

Receptors For Extracellular Matrix

Receptors For Extracellular Matrix Book
Author : John Mcdonald
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323141234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Receptors for Extracellular Matrix covers the major receptor families and their potential biological functions. Composed of eight chapters, the book first discusses the structure and function of membrane-associated proteoglycans, focusing on two classes of integral membrane molecules: syndecan and CD44. It then examines the important area of mechanisms of signal transduction from integrin receptors that must mediate the effects of extracellular matrices and other ligands on cell behavior. Multidomain proteins of the extracellular matrix and their role in controlling cellular growth are also considered. This book also discusses the significant research developments in NCAM, the most abundant and widespread of the known vertebrate cell-cell adhesion. The discussion particularly emphasizes the role of posttranslational glycosylation with polysialic acid in the function of the NCAM molecule that undergoes unusual and highly characteristic differences in glycosylation during development. Other chapters deal with the regulation of neural development by the extracellular matrix and the molecular basis of cell adhesion. This book includes discussions on the interaction of adhesion receptors with well-characterized cellular recognition sites and extracellular ligands and cell migration occurring during embryogenesis, gastrulation, neural crest cell migration, neurite extension, lymphocyte migration, and wound healing. The concluding chapters address the wide array of integrin associations, their physiologic relevance and structural aspects, as well as the anchorin CII, a collagen-binding protein of the calpactin-lipocortin family. This book is of great value to cell biologists and researchers.

Extracellular Matrix Remodeling

Extracellular Matrix Remodeling Book
Author : Nicoletta Gagliano
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-11-11
ISBN : 3039216287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is where cells live. It is composed of collagen and elastic fibers, glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans, and several glycoproteins. In most tissues, fibril-forming collagen type I is the major constituent of ECM.The function of the ECM goes beyond providing mechanical support to cells and tissues. As cells are embedded into the ECM and interact with its components through their surface receptors, cell–ECM interaction plays a key role in influencing different cell activities, such as cell proliferation and migration. The ECM also sequesters and releases growth factors affecting important cellular pathways. Overall, the ECM strongly influences and affects cell behavior and tissue homeostasis. ECM is a highly dynamic structural network that continuously undergoes controlled remodeling mediated by matrix-degrading enzymes, the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), under normal conditions. Quantitative and qualitative deregulation of ECM remodeling and, especially, of collagen turnover, is responsible for the alteration of ECM composition and structure, associated with the development and progression of several pathological conditions, such as organ fibrosis (determined by the abnormal accumulation of ECM components) and tumor invasion. The understanding of the diverse biological roles and properties of the ECM components is pivotal to the development of new therapeutic tools for disease treatment.

Extracellular Matrix Omics

Extracellular Matrix Omics Book
Author : Sylvie Ricard-Blum
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-01-03
ISBN : 9783030583293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers different omics aspects related to the extracellular matrix (ECM), namely specific omics resources focused on the extracellular matrix (e.g., databases, repositories and atlases), quantitative proteomics applied to specific extracellular matrices (e.g. basement membranes), biological processes such as ECM degradation (degradomics), cell-matrix interactions (adhesomes), signaling pathways, biomarker discovery and diseases, and interactomics (extracellular matrix interaction networks including not only protein-protein but also protein-glycosaminoglycan interactions). The volume also includes recent advances in glycomics and glycobioinformatics applied to proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans, which are key biological players. The use of omics data to build dynamic models of ECM-regulated biological pathways is addressed, together with the requirement to standardize omic data, which is a prerequisite for the FAIR (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability) guiding principles for scientific data management. This book will be of great interest to a broad readership from beginners to advanced researchers, who are interested in extracellular matrix omics and will inspire future research topics.

Extracellular Matrix Influences on Gene Expression

Extracellular Matrix Influences on Gene Expression Book
Author : Harold Slavkin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323142141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extracellular Matrix Influences on Gene Expression emerged from the Second international Santa Catalina Island Colloquium that deals with the discussion on the advances in the molecular biology of extracellular matrices and the epigenetic influences on cell function. Topics discussed include morphological descriptions, genetics, teratology, collagen heterogeneity, and mineralization. The book's 12 chapters discuss the chromosomal and extrachromosomal influences upon transcription, translational and post-translational regulations during development, and regulation of extracellular matrix molecular biosynthesis. The book describes the regulation of tissue-specific collagen biosynthesis and the extracellular matrix macromolecules. It contains papers that explain the outer cell surface specificity and cell interactions. Because there are advances as well in other specific topics, such as the epithelial-masenchymal interactions and extracellular matrix influences on gene expression, this book contains papers that deal with these subject matters. Furthermore, it explains the matrix-cell and cell-matrix interactions and mineralization processes, as well as the aberrations in developmental processes. This book will be useful to those individuals who study the scientific advances in developmental biology.