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Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials Book
Author : Julian Vincent
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2012-07-29
ISBN : 0691154007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technology, from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Emphasizes the mechanical properties of structural biomaterials, their contribution to the lives of organisms, and how these materials differ from man-made ones.

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials Book
Author : Julian F. V. Vincent
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 1990
ISBN : 9780691025131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book should go a long way towards filling the communication gap between biology and physics in [the area of biomaterials]. It begins with the basic theory of elasticity and viscoelasticity, describing concepts like stress, strain, compliance, and plasticity in simple mathematical terms. . . . For the non-biologist, these chapters provide a clear account of macromolecular structure and conformation. . . . [Vincent's work] is a delight to read, full of interesting anecdotes and examples from unexpected sources. . . . I can strongly recommend this book, as it shows how biologists could use mechanical properties as well as conventional methods to deduce molecular structure."--Anna Furth, The Times Higher Education Supplement In what is now recognized as a standard introduction to biomaterials, Julian Vincent presents a biologist's analysis of the structural materials of organisms, using molecular biology as a starting point. He explores the chemical structure of both proteins and polysaccharides, illustrating how their composition and bonding determine the mechanical properties of the materials in which they occurincluding pliant composites such as skin, artery, and plant tissue; stiff composites such as insect cuticle and wood; and biological ceramics such as teeth, bone, and eggshell. Here Vincent discusses the possibilities of taking ideas from nature with biomimicry and "intelligent" (or self-designing and sensitive) materials.

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials Book
Author : Cuie Wen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-01
ISBN : 0128188324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structural Biomaterials: A Materials Science Perspective serves as a single point of reference to digest current research and develop a deeper understanding in the field of biomaterials engineering. This book uses a materials-focused approach, allowing the reader to quickly access specific, detailed information on biomaterials characterization and selection. Relevant to a range of readers, this book provides holistic coverage of the broad categories of structural biomaterials currently available and used in medical applications, highlighting the property requirements for structural biomaterials, their biocompatibility performance and their safety regulation in key categories such as metals, ceramics and polymers. The materials science perspective of this text ensures the content is accessible even to those without an extensive background in applied medicine, positioning this text not just for students, but as an overview and reference for researchers, scientists and engineers entering the field from related materials science disciplines. Provides a unique, holistic approach, covering key biomaterials categories in one text, including metals, ceramics and polymers Discusses advantages, disadvantages, biocompatibility performance and safety regulations, allowing for accurate materials selection in medical applications Utilizes a materials science perspective, allowing those without an extensive applied medical background to learn about the field

Marine Biomaterials

Marine Biomaterials Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-04-11
ISBN : 1466505656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oceans are an abundant source of diverse biomaterials with potential for an array of uses. Marine Biomaterials: Characterization, Isolation and Applications brings together the wide range of research in this important area, including the latest developments and applications, from preliminary research to clinical trials. The book is divided into four parts, with chapters written by experts from around the world. Biomaterials described come from a variety of marine sources, such as fish, algae, microorganisms, crustaceans, and mollusks. Part I covers the isolation and characterization of marine biomaterials—bioceramics, biopolymers, fatty acids, toxins and pigments, nanoparticles, and adhesive materials. It also describes problems that may be encountered in the process as well as possible solutions. Part II looks at biological activities of marine biomaterials, including polysaccharides, biotoxins, and peptides. Chapters examine health benefits of the biomaterials, such as antiviral activity, antidiabetic properties, anticoagulant and anti-allergic effects, and more. Part III discusses biomedical applications of marine biomaterials, including nanocomposites, and describes applications of various materials in tissue engineering and drug delivery. Part IV explores commercialization of marine-derived biomaterials—marine polysaccharides and marine enzymes—and examines industry perspectives and applications. This book covers the key aspects of available marine biomaterials for biological and biomedical applications, and presents techniques that can be used for future isolation of novel materials from marine sources.

PEEK Biomaterials Handbook

PEEK Biomaterials Handbook Book
Author : Steven M. Kurtz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2011-10-28
ISBN : 1437744648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEEK biomaterials are currently used in thousands of spinal fusion patients around the world every year. Durability, biocompatibility and excellent resistance to aggressive sterilization procedures make PEEK a polymer of choice, replacing metal in orthopedic implants, from spinal implants and hip replacements to finger joints and dental implants. This Handbook brings together experts in many different facets related to PEEK clinical performance as well as in the areas of materials science, tribology, and biology to provide a complete reference for specialists in the field of plastics, biomaterials, medical device design and surgical applications. Steven Kurtz, author of the well respected UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook and Director of the Implant Research Center at Drexel University, has developed a one-stop reference covering the processing and blending of PEEK, its properties and biotribology, and the expanding range of medical implants using PEEK: spinal implants, hip and knee replacement, etc. Covering materials science, tribology and applications Provides a complete reference for specialists in the field of plastics, biomaterials, biomedical engineering and medical device design and surgical applications

Biomaterials

Biomaterials Book
Author : Seeram Ramakrishna,Murugan Ramalingam,T .S. Sampath Kumar,Winston O. Soboyejo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420047825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are several well-known books on the market that cover biomaterials in a general way, but none provide adequate focus on the future of and potential for actual uses of emerging nanontechnology in this burgeoning field. Biomaterials: A Nano Approach is written from a multi-disciplinary point of view that integrates aspects of materials science and engineering, nanotechnology, bioengineering, and biosciences. The book fills a glaring void in the literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of biomaterials and a scientifically plausible extrapolation of likely scenarios in which nanotechnology could play a significant role. The authors introduce and examine basic concepts, processing methodologies, and techniques involved in the preparation and characterization of nanobiomaterials that are specific to biomedical applications. A Self-Contained Book Illustrating Past, Present, and Future Trends in Biomaterials Spanning from the historical development of biomaterials to cutting-edge advances in the field, the text describes how basic concepts in nanotechnology are applied to the processing of novel nanobiomaterials, including nanostructured metals and alloys. With its illustrative examples and presentation of applications, this text offers a solid framework for understanding present and future trends of biomaterials in human healthcare systems. It is an ideal companion resource for students, researchers, and industrial scientists who specialize in biomaterials and nanobiomaterials.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials Book
Author : Joon Park,R. S. Lakes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-23
ISBN : 0387378804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With sixty years of combined experience, the authors of this extensively revised book have learned to emphasize the fundamental materials science, structure-property relationships, and biological responses as a foundation for a wide array of biomaterials applications. This edition includes a new chapter on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, approximately 1900 references to additional reading, extensive tutorial materials on new developments in spinal implants and fixation techniques and theory. It also offers systematic coverage of orthopedic implants, and expanded treatment of ceramic materials and implants.

Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering Applications

Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering Applications Book
Author : Jason A. Burdick,Robert L. Mauck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-12-07
ISBN : 9783709103852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A concise overview of tissue engineering technologies and materials towards specific applications, both past and potential growth areas in this unique discipline is provided to the reader. The specific area of the biomaterial component used within the paradigm of tissue engineering is examined in detail. This is the first work to specifically covers topics of interest with regards to the biomaterial component. The book is divided into 2 sections: (i) general materials technology (e.g., fibrous tissue scaffolds) and (ii) applications in the engineering of specific tissues (e.g., materials for cartilage tissue engineering). Each chapter covers the fundamentals and reflects not only a review of the literature, but also addresses the future of the topic. The book is intended for an audience of researchers in both industry and academia that are interested in a concise overview regarding the biomaterials component of tissue engineering, a topic that is timely and only growing as a field.

Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Biomaterials in Orthopedics Book
Author : Michael J. Yaszemski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-10-17
ISBN : 9780824756864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by respected experts in the field, Biomaterials in Orthopedics discusses bioabsorbable biomaterials for bone repair, nondegradable materials in orthopaedics and delivery systems. Topics in this text include biocompatibility and the biomaterial/tissue interface; self-reinforced bioabsorbable devices and guided regeneration; bone substitutes,

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials Book
Author : Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 0080552943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Polymeric Biomaterials Structure and function

Polymeric Biomaterials  Structure and function Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu,Valentin I. Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01
ISBN : 142009470X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and Function, contains 25 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: The structure and properties of synthetic polymers including polyesters, polyphosphazenes, and elastomers The structure and properties of natural polymers such as mucoadhesives, chitin, lignin, and carbohydrate derivatives Blends and composites—for example, metal–polymer composites and biodegradable polymeric/ceramic composites Bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, electrospinning for regenerative medicine, and more Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials: from their chemical, physical, and structural properties to polymer synthesis and processing techniques and current applications in the medical and pharmaceutical fields.

The Physics of Living Processes

The Physics of Living Processes Book
Author : Thomas Andrew Waigh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-08
ISBN : 1118698274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This full-colour undergraduate textbook, based on a two semestercourse, presents the fundamentals of biological physics,introducing essential modern topics that include cells, polymers,polyelectrolytes, membranes, liquid crystals, phase transitions,self-assembly, photonics, fluid mechanics, motility, chemicalkinetics, enzyme kinetics, systems biology, nerves, physiology, thesenses, and the brain. The comprehensive coverage, featuring in-depth explanations ofrecent rapid developments, demonstrates this to be one of the mostdiverse of modern scientific disciplines. The Physics of Living Processes: A Mesoscopic Approach iscomprised of five principal sections: • Building Blocks • Soft Condensed Matter Techniques in Biology • Experimental Techniques • Systems Biology • Spikes, Brains and the Senses The unique focus is predominantly on the mesoscale —structures on length scales between those of atoms and themacroscopic behaviour of whole organisms. The connections betweenmolecules and their emergent biological phenomena provide a novelintegrated perspective on biological physics, making this animportant text across a variety of scientific disciplines includingbiophysics, physics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering andbioengineering. An extensive set of worked tutorial questions are included,which will equip the reader with a range of new physical tools toapproach problems in the life sciences from medicine,pharmaceutical science and agriculture.

Efficiency and Economy in Animal Physiology

Efficiency and Economy in Animal Physiology Book
Author : Robert W. Blake,Robert William Blake
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-09-08
ISBN : 9780521019064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the concepts of efficiency and economy and other similar terms as applied to animals from an evolutionary perspective.

Mechanics of Biomaterials

Mechanics of Biomaterials Book
Author : Lisa A. Pruitt,Ayyana M. Chakravartula
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 0521762219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining materials science, mechanics, implant design and clinical applications, this self-contained text provides a complete grounding to the field.

Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials 2011 Edition

Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials  2011 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464963983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biochemistry and Biomaterials. The editors have built Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biochemistry and Biomaterials in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials / 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Biomaterials Science and Biocompatibility

Biomaterials Science and Biocompatibility Book
Author : Frederick H. Silver,David L. Christiansen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-10-14
ISBN : 9780387987118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adopting an interdisciplinary approach to the chemistry and physics of materials, their biocompatibility, and the consequences of implantation of such devices into the human body, this text introduces readers to the principles of polymer science and the study of metals, ceramics and composites, and also to the basic biology required to understand the nature of the host-transplant interface. Topics covered include the macromolecular components of cells and tissues, self-assembly processes, biological cascade systems, microscopic structure of cells and tissues, immunology, transplantation biology, and the pathobiology of wound healing. The materials science section includes the structures and properties of polymers, metals, ceramics and composites, and the processes for forming materials as well as the pathobiology of devices. The final two chapters deal with tissue engineering and the relations between the biology of cells and tissue transplantation, and the engineering of tissue replacements using passaged cells.