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Structural Alloys For Power Plants

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Structural Alloys for Power Plants

Structural Alloys for Power Plants Book
Author : A. Shirzadi,S. Jackson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-07-30
ISBN : 0857097555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current fleets of conventional and nuclear power plants face increasing hostile environmental conditions due to increasingly high temperature operation for improved capacity and efficiency, and the need for long term service. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement to cycle plants to meet peak-load operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of structural materials in conventional and nuclear energy applications. Opening chapters address operational challenges and structural alloy requirements in different types of power plants. The following sections review power plant structural alloys and methods to mitigate critical materials degradation in power plants.

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications Book
Author : Robert Odette,Steven Zinkle
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2019-08-15
ISBN : 012397349X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-performance alloys that can withstand operation in hazardous nuclear environments are critical to presentday in-service reactor support and maintenance and are foundational for reactor concepts of the future. With commercial nuclear energy vendors and operators facing the retirement of staff during the coming decades, much of the scholarly knowledge of nuclear materials pursuant to appropriate, impactful, and safe usage is at risk. Led by the multi-award winning editorial team of G. Robert Odette (UCSB) and Steven J. Zinkle (UTK/ORNL) and with contributions from leaders of each alloy discipline, Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications aids the next generation of researchers and industry staff developing and maintaining steels, nickel-base alloys, zirconium alloys, and other structural alloys in nuclear energy applications. This authoritative reference is a critical acquisition for institutions and individuals seeking state-of-the-art knowledge aided by the editors’ unique personal insight from decades of frontline research, engineering and management. Focuses on in-service irradiation, thermal, mechanical, and chemical performance capabilities. Covers the use of steels and other structural alloys in current fission technology, leading edge Generation-IV fission reactors, and future fusion power reactors. Provides a critical and comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art experimental knowledge base of reactor materials, for applications ranging from engineering safety and lifetime assessments to supporting the development of advanced computational models.

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment Book
Author : A. Shibli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-07-24
ISBN : 0857097326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their continuing role in electricity generation, it is important that coal power plants operate as efficiently and cleanly as possible. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment reviews the materials used in coal plants, and how they can be assessed and managed to optimize plant operation. Part I considers the structural alloys used in coal plants. Part II then reviews performance modelling and life assessment techniques, explains the inspection and life-management approaches that can be adopted to optimize long term plant operation, and considers the technical and economic issues involved in meeting variable energy demands. Summarizes key research on coal-fired power plant materials, their behavior under operational loads, and approaches to life assessment and defect management Details the range of structural alloys used in coal power plants, and the life assessment techniques applicable to defect-free components under operational loads Reviews the life assessment techniques applicable to components containing defects and the approaches that can be adopted to optimize plant operation and new plant and component design

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Pascal Yvon
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-27
ISBN : 0081009127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Irradiation Effects on Structural Alloys for Nuclear Reactor Applications

Irradiation Effects on Structural Alloys for Nuclear Reactor Applications Book
Author : A. L. Bement,ASTM Committee E-10 on Radioisotopes and Radiation Effects
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1971
ISBN : 9780803100695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Irradiation Effects on Structural Alloys for Nuclear Reactor Applications book written by A. L. Bement,ASTM Committee E-10 on Radioisotopes and Radiation Effects, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Failure Investigation of Boiler Tubes A Comprehensive Approach

Failure Investigation of Boiler Tubes  A Comprehensive Approach Book
Author : Paresh Haribhakti,P.B. Joshi, Rajendra Kumar
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2018
ISBN : 1627081569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Failures or forced shutdowns in power plants are often due to boilers, and particularly failure of boiler tubes. This comprehensive resource deals with the subject of failure investigation of boiler tubes from basic fundamentals to practical applications. Coverage includes properties and selection of materials for boiler tubes from a metallurgical view point, damage mechanisms responsible for failure of boiler tubes, and characterization techniques employed for investigating failures of boiler tubes in thermal power plants and utility boilers of industrial/commercial/institutional (ICI) boilers. A large number of case studies based on the actual failures from the field are described, along with photographs and microstructures to allow for easy comprehension of the theory behind the failures. This book is geared to practicing engineers and for studies in the major area of power plant engineering. For non-metallurgists, a chapter has been devoted to the basics of material science, metallurgy of steels, heat treatment, and structure-property correlation. A chapter on materials for boiler tubes covers composition and application of different grades of steels and high temperature alloys currently in use as boiler tubes and future materials to be used in supercritical, ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical thermal power plants. A comprehensive discussion on different mechanisms of boiler tube failure is the heart of the book. Additional chapters detailing the role of advanced material characterization techniques in failure investigation and the role of water chemistry in tube failures are key contributions to the book. The authors have long-standing experience in the field of metallurgy and materials technology, failure investigation, remaining life assessment (RLA) and fitness for service (FFS) for industrial plant and equipment, including power plants. They have conducted a large number of failure investigations of boiler tubes and have recommended effective remedial measures in problem solving for power and utility boilers.

Advanced Multicomponent Alloys

Advanced Multicomponent Alloys Book
Author : Zengbao Jiao,Tao Yang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-10-21
ISBN : 9811947430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, structure-properties relationships, and applications of advanced multicomponent alloys. It can serve as a textbook for courses on advanced structural and functional materials for undergraduate and graduate students. Notably, the book compiles cutting-edge research on the progress of materials science of multicomponent alloys from fundamentals to engineering applications. It can be of considerable interest for researchers and scientists in the field of materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, and metallurgy engineering. In addition, this book not only summarizes the compositions, properties, and applications of various types of multicomponent alloys but also presents a complete idea on the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures. Thus, it can also be used as a reference book for engineers and researchers in industries.

Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide CO2 Capture

Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide  CO2  Capture Book
Author : Paul Fennell,Ben Anthony
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-21
ISBN : 0857097601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture reviews the fundamental principles, systems, oxygen carriers, and carbon dioxide carriers relevant to chemical looping and combustion. Chapters review the market development, economics, and deployment of these systems, also providing detailed information on the variety of materials and processes that will help to shape the future of CO2 capture ready power plants. Reviews the fundamental principles, systems, oxygen carriers, and carbon dioxide carriers relevant to calcium and chemical looping Provides a lucid explanation of advanced concepts and developments in calcium and chemical looping, high pressure systems, and alternative CO2 carriers Presents information on the market development, economics, and deployment of these systems

Water Chemistry and Corrosion of Nuclear Power Plant Structural Materials

Water Chemistry and Corrosion of Nuclear Power Plant Structural Materials Book
Author : V. G. Kritsky
Publisher : Amer Nuclear Society
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses structural material corrosion in coolant circuits, simulation of erosion corrosion of carbon and low-alloy steels, and simulation of stress corrosion. It also discusses corrosion of copper alloys, zirconium corrosion, optimization of water chemistry at operating nuclear power plants, coolant tendency to deposit hardness salts on heat-transfer surfaces, and inspection of metallic components. In addition, there are two appendixes, the first showing the chemical composition of steels, the second discussing solubility of iron, cobalt, zinc and copper corrosion products under conditions simulating power unit water chemistry.

Materials for Nuclear Plants

Materials for Nuclear Plants Book
Author : Wolfgang Hoffelner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-21
ISBN : 1447129148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The clamor for non-carbon dioxide emitting energy production has directly impacted on the development of nuclear energy. As new nuclear plants are built, plans and designs are continually being developed to manage the range of challenging requirement and problems that nuclear plants face especially when managing the greatly increased operating temperatures, irradiation doses and extended design life spans. Materials for Nuclear Plants: From Safe Design to Residual Life Assessments provides a comprehensive treatment of the structural materials for nuclear power plants with emphasis on advanced design concepts. Materials for Nuclear Plants: From Safe Design to Residual Life Assessments approaches structural materials with a systemic approach. Important components and materials currently in use as well as those which can be considered in future designs are detailed, whilst the damage mechanisms responsible for plant ageing are discussed and explained. Methodologies for materials characterization, materials modeling and advanced materials testing will be described including design code considerations and non-destructive evaluation concepts. Including models for simple system dynamic problems and knowledge of current nuclear power plants in operation, Materials for Nuclear Plants: From Safe Design to Residual Life Assessments is ideal for students studying postgraduate courses in Nuclear Engineering. Designers on courses for code development, such as ASME or ISO and nuclear authorities will also find this a useful reference.

Fossil Energy Update

Fossil Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fossil Energy Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Refractory Metal Alloys Metallurgy and Technology

Refractory Metal Alloys Metallurgy and Technology Book
Author : I. Machlin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468491202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication documents Proceedings of the Symposium on Metal lurgy and Technology of Refractory Metal Alloys, held in Washington, D.C. at the Washington Hilton Hotel on April 25-26, 1968, under sponsorship of the Refractory Metals Committee, Institute of Metals Division, of the Metallurgical Society of AIME, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Symposium presented critical reviews of selected topics in refractory metal alloys, thereby contributing to an in-depth understanding of the state-of-the-art, and establishing a base line for further research, development, and application. This Symposium is fifth in a series of conferences on refractory metals, sponsored by the Metallurgical Society of AlME. Publications issuing from the conferences are valuable technical and historical source books, tracing the evolution of refractory metals from early laboratory alloying studies to their present status as useful engineering materials. Refractory metals are arbitrarily defined by melting point. A 0 melting temperature of over 3500 F was selected as the minimum for this Symposium, thus excluding chromium and vanadium, which logically could be treated with other refractory metals in Groups VA and VIA of the periodic table. The Refractory Metals Committee is planning reviews of chromium and vanadium in subsequent conferences.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Corrosion

Nuclear Corrosion Book
Author : Stefan Ritter
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-14
ISBN : 0128237201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the “Green Book series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 (“Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry ). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants Book
Author : D. Gandy and J. Shingledecker
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2014-01-01
ISBN : 1627080600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conference proceedings covering the latest technology developments for fossil fuel power plants, including nickel-based alloys for advanced ultrasupercritical power plants, materials for turbines, oxidation and corrosion, welding and weld performance, new alloys concepts, and creep and general topics.

Radiation Damage of Structural Materials

Radiation Damage of Structural Materials Book
Author : J. Koutský,J. Kocík
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483291626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maintaining the integrity of nuclear power plants is critical in the prevention or control of severe accidents. This monograph deals with both basic groups of structural materials used in the design of light-water nuclear reactors, making the primary safety barriers of NPPs. Emphasis is placed on materials used in VVER-type nuclear reactors: Cr-Mo-V and Cr-Ni-Mo-V steel for RPV and Zr-Nb alloys for fuel element cladding. The book is divided into 7 main chapters, with the exception of the opening one and the chapter providing a phenomenological background for the subject of radiation damage. Chapters 3-6 are devoted to RPV steels and chapters 7-9 to zirconium alloys, analysing their radiation damage structure, changes of mechanical properties due to neutron irradiation as well as factors influencing the degree of their performance degradation. The recovery of damaged materials is also discussed. Considerable attention is paid to a comparison of VVER-type and western-type light-water materials. This monograph will be of great value to postgraduate students in nuclear engineering and materials science, and for designers and research workers in nuclear energy.

High Entropy Alloys

High Entropy Alloys Book
Author : T.S. Srivatsan,Manoj Gupta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 1000046974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a cohesive overview of innovations, advances in processing and characterization, and applications for high entropy alloys (HEAs) in performance-critical and non-performance-critical sectors. It covers manufacturing and processing, advanced characterization and analysis techniques, and evaluation of mechanical and physical properties. With chapters authored by a team of internationally renowned experts, the volume includes discussions on high entropy thermoelectric materials, corrosion and thermal behavior of HEAs, improving fracture resistance, fatigue properties and high tensile strength of HEAs, HEA films, and more. This work will be of interest to academics, scientists, engineers, technologists, and entrepreneurs working in the field of materials and metals development for advanced applications. Features Addresses a broad spectrum of HEAs and related aspects, including manufacturing, processing, characterization, and properties Emphasizes the application of HEAs Aimed at researchers, engineers, and scientists working to develop materials for advanced applications T.S. Srivatsan, PhD, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Akron (Ohio, USA), earned his MS in Aerospace Engineering in 1981 and his PhD in Mechanical Engineering in 1984 from the Georgia Institute of Technology (USA). He has authored or edited 65 books, delivered over 200 technical presentations, and authored or co-authored more than 700 archival publications in journals, book chapters, book reviews, proceedings of conferences, and technical reports. His RG score is 45 with a h-index of 53 and Google Scholar citations of 9000, ranking him to be among the top 2% of researchers in the world. He is a Fellow of (i) the American Society for Materials International, (ii) the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and (iii) the American Association for Advancement of Science. Manoj Gupta, PhD, is Associate Professor of Materials at NUS, Singapore. He is a former Head of Materials Division of the Mechanical Engineering Department and Director Designate of Materials Science and Engineering Initiative at NUS, Singapore. In August 2017, he was highlighted among the Top 1% Scientists of the World by the Universal Scientific Education and Research Network and in the Top 2.5% among scientists as per ResearchGate. In 2018, he was announced as World Academy Championship Winner in the area of Biomedical Sciences by the International Agency for Standards and Ratings. A multiple award winner, he actively collaborates/visits as an invited researcher and visiting and chair professor in Japan, France, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, China, the United States, and India.

5th FORUM ON NEW MATERIALS

5th FORUM ON NEW MATERIALS Book
Author : Pietro Vincenzini,Cynthia Powell,Marco Vittori Antisari,Vincenzo Antonucci,Fausto Croce
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2010-10-27
ISBN : 3038134295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 49 peer-reviewed papers collected here together offer a plenitude of up-to-date information on “Advanced Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies, Hydrogen Production and Storage, Fuel Cells, Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems”. The papers are conveniently arranged into MATERIALS FOR ADVANCED FOSSIL FUEL ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, MATERIALS IN HYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND STORAGE, Hydrogen Production, Hydrogen Storage, FUEL CELLS: MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES, MATERIALS IN ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2011 Dept of Energy fiscal year 2011 justifications

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2011  Dept  of Energy fiscal year 2011 justifications Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2011 Dept of Energy fiscal year 2011 justifications book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.