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Stress In Yeast And Filamentous Fungi

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Stress in Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi

Stress in Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi Book
Author : Simon Avery,Malcolm Stratford,Pieter van West
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-12-05
ISBN : 9780080551272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Yeasts and filamentous fungi need to cope with stress, whether growing in the laboratory or in the natural environment, whether victims or offenders in interactions with other organisms. These considerations are discussed in this volume that coveres stress in the broad sense, within the context of mycology. * Includes discussions of the stresses associated with organism-organism interactions and stress under controlled conditions * Anthropogenic stress towards fungi in the environment and the impacts that such stressors may have on different organisms and communities in the wild are explained * Encompasses a breadth of information from the bigger picture of stress effects on fungi in their natural habitats, to the recent advances in underlying molecular-level understanding

Stress Biology of Yeasts and Fungi

Stress Biology of Yeasts and Fungi Book
Author : Hiroshi Takagi,Hiroshi Kitagaki
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 4431552480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes cutting-edge science and technology of the characterization, breeding, and development of yeasts and fungi used worldwide in fermentation industries such as alcohol beverage brewing, bread making, and bioethanol production. The book also covers numerous topics and important areas the previous literature has missed, ranging widely from molecular mechanisms to biotechnological applications related to stress response/tolerance of yeasts and fungi. During fermentation processes, cells of yeast and fungus, mostly Saccharomyces and Aspergillus oryzae spp., respectively, are exposed to a variety of fermentation “stresses”. Such stresses lead to growth inhibition or cell death. Under severe stress conditions, their fermentation ability and enzyme productivity are rather limited. Therefore, in terms of industrial application, stress tolerance is the key characteristic for yeast and fungal cells. The first part of this book provides stress response/tolerance mechanisms of yeast used for the production of sake, beer, wine, bread, and bioethanol. The second part covers stress response/tolerance mechanisms of fungi during environmental changes and biological processes of industrial fermentation. Readers benefit nicely from the novel understandings and methodologies of these industrial microbes. The book is suitable for both academic scientists and graduate-level students specialized in applied microbiology and biochemistry and biotechnology and for industrial researchers and engineers who are involved in fermentation-based technologies. The fundamental studies described in this book can be applied to the breeding of useful microbes (yeasts, fungi), the production of valuable compounds (ethanol, CO2, amino acids, organic acids, and enzymes) and the development of promising processes to solve environmental issues (bioethanol, biorefinery).

Biotechnology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi

Biotechnology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi Book
Author : Andriy A. Sibirny
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-27
ISBN : 331958829X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview on biotechnological applications of unicellular and multicellular fungi in a variety of industrial branches. Targeted genetic and metabolic engineering of fungi allows production of native and transgenic enzymes and proteins in industrial scales. Those most prominently find application in biorefineries for the production of value-added chemicals and biofuels, in the pharmaceutical industry as well as in biomedicine. Each chapter is dedicated to applications and potential beneficial use of particular strains of yeasts and filamentous fungi and their produced biomolecules. The book targets researchers from both academia and industry and graduate students working in microbial biotechnology.

Stress Response Mechanisms in Fungi

Stress Response Mechanisms in Fungi Book
Author : Marek Skoneczny
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-12-10
ISBN : 9783030131418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers both the molecular basics of fungal stress response strategies as well as biotechnological applications thereof. The complex regulatory mechanisms of stress response pathways are presented in a concise and well-readable manner. Also, light will be shed on the interconnection of pathways responding to different types of stress. Profound knowledge of stress responses in yeast and filamentous fungi is crucial for further optimization of industrial processes. Applications are manifold, for example in fungicide development, for improving the resistance of crop plants to fungal pathogens, but also in medicine to help curing fungal infections. The book targets researchers from academia and industry, as well as graduate students interested in microbiology, mycology and biomedicine.

The Unfolded Protein Response and Cellular Stress

The Unfolded Protein Response and Cellular Stress Book
Author : P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-01-22
ISBN : 0123851157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides descriptions of the occurrence of the UPR, methods used to assess it, pharmacological tools and other methodological approaches to analyze its impact on cellular regulation. The authors explain how these methods are able to provide important biological insights. This volume provides descriptions of the occurrence of the UPR, methods used to assess it, pharmacological tools and other methodological approaches to analyze its impact on cellular regulation. The authors explain how these methods are able to provide important biological insights.

Yeast Stress Responses

Yeast Stress Responses Book
Author : Stefan Hohmann,Willem H. Mager
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-01-17
ISBN : 3540439269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every cell has developed mechanisms to respond to changes in its environment and to adapt its growth and metabolism to unfavorable conditions. The unicellular eukaryote yeast has long proven as a particularly useful model system for the analysis of cellular stress responses, and the completion of the yeast genome sequence has only added to its power This volume comprehensively reviews both the basic features of the yeast genral stress response and the specific adapations to different stress types (nutrient depletion, osmotic and heat shock as well as salt and oxidative stress). It includes the latest findings in the field and discusses the implications for the analysis of stress response mechanisms in higher eukaryotes as well.

Exploitation of Fungi

Exploitation of Fungi Book
Author : G. D. Robson,Pieter van West,Geoffrey Gadd
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-05-24
ISBN : 1139464132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fungi are a highly diverse kingdom of eukaryotic microbes. Recent advances in molecular genetics, together with the release of whole genome sequences of an increasing number of fungi, are facilitating their exploitation and commercialisation. Fungi have the ability to secrete large quantities of proteins of commercial value, and their complex secondary metabolic pathways produce a diverse range of bioactive compounds which have had a major impact in the pharmaceuticals market. In addition, the fungi themselves are increasingly being developed as alternatives to conventional chemically-based pest control strategies, and as bioremediation agents capable of transforming pollutants in the soil environment. With chapters written by international experts, this volume highlights current and future biological, biochemical, and molecular exploitation of the fungi in biotechnology. It will have broad appeal, not only to mycologists and microbiologists, but also to biomedical scientists, biotechnologists, environmental and molecular scientists, plant pathologists and geneticists.

Oxidative Stress in Aging

Oxidative Stress in Aging Book
Author : Satomi Miwa,Kenneth Bruce Beckman,Florian Muller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-06-17
ISBN : 9781597454209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human aging is a complex phenomenon. This state-of-the-art book discusses the role of free radicals in aging in different animal models, as well as the relevance of free radicals on age-related diseases and pathological conditions in humans (following an introduction section of the basics and theory of free radicals). In addition, the major interventions trials of antioxidant supplements in age-related disease, cancer and so forth are reviewed and discussed.

Advances in Applied Microbiology

Advances in Applied Microbiology Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2003-12-18
ISBN : 9780080544045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Applied Microbiology offers intensive reviews of the latest techniques and discoveries in this rapidly moving field. The editors are recognized experts and the format is comprehensive and instructive.

Environmental and Microbial Relationships

Environmental and Microbial Relationships Book
Author : Christian P. Kubicek,Irina S. Druzhinina
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-09-20
ISBN : 3540718400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides insight into current research on fungal populations and communities. It focuses on fungal responses to the physical environment, interactions with other fungi, microorganisms and invertebrates, the role of fungi in ecosystem processes such as decomposition and nutrient cycling, and aspects of biogeography and conservation. The second edition has been completely updated and revised to accommodate the introduction of molecular methods, and the flood of new findings since then.

The Fungal Colony

The Fungal Colony Book
Author : N. A. R. Gow,G. D. Robson,Geoffrey M. Gadd,G. M. Gadd
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-09-27
ISBN : 9780521048064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative information on the properties of the fungal colony.

Basic Biotechnology

Basic Biotechnology Book
Author : Colin Ratledge,Bjorn Kristiansen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-04-19
ISBN : 9780521779173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology: what it is, how it's used, and how you do it!

Bioactive Natural Products

Bioactive Natural Products Book
Author : Goutam Brahmachari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-20
ISBN : 3527684425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural compounds, which have evolved their function over millions of years, are often more efficient than man-made compounds if a specific biological activity is needed, e.g. as an enzyme inhibitor or as a toxin to kill a cancer cell. This book comprising of sixteen technical chapters, highlights the chemical and biological aspects of potential natural products with an intention of unravelling their pharmaceutical applicability in modern drug discovery processes. Key features: Covers the synthesis, semi-synthesis and also biosynthesis of potentially bioactive natural products Features chemical and biological advances in naturally occurring organic compounds describing their chemical transformations, mode of actions, and structure-activity relationships 40 expert scientists from around the world report their latest findings and outline future opportunities for the development of novel and highly potent drugs based on natural products operating at the interface of chemistry and biology Forward-looking: Addresses opportunities and cutting-edge developments rather than well-documented basic knowledge, pinpoints current trends and future directions in this rapidly-evolving field Application-oriented: Throughout the book, the focus is on actual and potential applications in pharmacology and biotechnology This book is an essential resource for natural products chemists, medicinal chemists, biotechnologists, biochemists, pharmacologists, as well as the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries.

Transplant Infections

Transplant Infections Book
Author : Raleigh A. Bowden,Per Ljungman,David R. Snydman
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2012-03-28
ISBN : 1451148097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transplant Infections is a practical, clinically focused reference covering the common and more unusual bacterial, viral, and fungal infections affecting patients who have received stem cell or solid organ transplants. It provides a comprehensive review of the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of opportunistic infections and presents strategies for infection prevention and control. Highlights of the Third Edition include a chapter on new immunosuppressive agents and expanded coverage of tropical infections and West Nile virus.

Microbial Water Stress Physiology

Microbial Water Stress Physiology Book
Author : A. D. Brown
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 1990-04-27
ISBN : 9780471925798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Water Stress Physiology Principles and Perspectives A. D. Brown Department of Biology, University of Wollongong, Australia. The book is concerned with the physiological factors that enable microorganisms to tolerate chronic stress, that is to thrive at low levels of water potential, whether generated by high salinities, high concentrations of non-electrolytes or by low matric potential, and to survive acute stress by adapting to changes in water potential. The thermodynamic principles that underly these physiological responses are examined, as are representative types of natural habitat capable of causing water stress. A chapter is given to the extreme halophils, the Halobacteriaceae, with emphasis on the interactions of protein and lipid chemistry, dissolved salts and water structure. Other chronic stress responses are examined in a range of eu- and prokaryotic microorganisms with emphasis on biochemical as well as physiological requirements. Turgor/volume control is discussed theoretically and empirically in relation to the use of inorganic ions and organic metabolites for the purpose. Prevailing notions of regulating either turgor or volume are challenged. Turgor/volume control with metabolites is treated as a particular example of metabolic regulation and is examined with emphasis on effects of protein concentration. The protective action of compatible solutes is discussed and a prevailing view that these compounds function by stabilizing protein structure is challenged.

Advances in Applied Microbiology

Advances in Applied Microbiology Book
Author : Allen I. Laskin,Joan W. Bennett,Geoffrey M. Gadd
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2001-10-29
ISBN : 9780120026494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Applied Microbiology offers intensive reviews of the latest techniques and discoveries in this rapidly moving field. The editors are recognized experts and the format is comprehensive and instructive. PRAISE FOR THE SERIES "No laboratory scientist, field worker or technical administrator can afford to pass it up." —ASM NEWS "The topics are well supported by an extensive bibliography and provide a rich source of current information." —BIOPHARM

Advances in Microbial Physiology

Advances in Microbial Physiology Book
Author : Robert K. Poole
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-10-21
ISBN : 9780120277490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1967, Advances in Microbial Physiology is one of Elsevier's most renowned and acclaimed series. Now edited by Professor Robert Poole, University of Sheffield, Advances in Microbial Physiology continues to publish topical and important reviews, interpreting physiology in its broadest context, to include all material that contributes to our understanding of how microorganisms and their component parts work. Glutathione, Altruistic Metabolite in Fungi The Role of the Flavodiiron Proteins in Microbial Nitric Oxide Detoxification Stress Responsive Bacteria: Biosensors as Environmental Monitors Bacterial Na+ -or H+ - coupled ATP operating at low electrochemical potential Dissimiatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) Reduction

Biotechnology of Bioactive Compounds

Biotechnology of Bioactive Compounds Book
Author : Vijai Kumar Gupta,Maria G. Tuohy,Anthonia O'Donovan,Mohtashim Lohani
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-04-20
ISBN : 1118733495
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioactive compounds play a central role in high-value product development in the chemical industry. Bioactive compounds have been identified from diverse sources and their therapeutic benefits, nutritional value and protective effects in human and animal healthcare have underpinned their application as pharmaceuticals and functional food ingredients. The orderly study of biologically active products and the exploration of potential biological activities of these secondary metabolites, including their clinical applications, standardization, quality control, mode of action and potential biomolecular interactions, has emerged as one of the most exciting developments in modern natural medicine. Biotechnology of Bioactive Compounds describes the current stage of knowledge on the production of bioactive compounds from microbial, algal and vegetable sources. In addition, the molecular approach for screening bioactive compounds is also discussed, as well as examples of applications of these compounds on human health. The first half of the book comprises information on diverse sources of bioactive compounds, ranging from microorganisms and algae to plants and dietary foods. The second half of the book reviews synthetic approaches, as well as selected bioactivities and biotechnological and biomedical potential. The bioactive compounds profiled include compounds such as C-phycocyanins, glycosides, phytosterols and natural steroids. An overview of the usage of bioactive compounds as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents, anti-allergic compounds and in stem cell research is also presented, along with an overview of the medicinal applications of plant-derived compounds. Biotechnology of Bioactive Compounds will be an informative text for undergraduate and graduate students of bio-medicinal chemistry who are keen to explore the potential of bioactive natural products. It also provides useful information for scientists working in various research fields where natural products have a primary role.