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Stress Corrosion Cracking

Stress Corrosion Cracking Book
Author : V S Raja,Tetsuo Shoji
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 0857093762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problem of stress corrosion cracking (SCC), which causes sudden failure of metals and other materials subjected to stress in corrosive environment(s), has a significant impact on a number of sectors including the oil and gas industries and nuclear power production. Stress corrosion cracking reviews the fundamentals of the phenomenon as well as examining stress corrosion behaviour in specific materials and particular industries. The book is divided into four parts. Part one covers the mechanisms of SCC and hydrogen embrittlement, while the focus of part two is on methods of testing for SCC in metals. Chapters in part three each review the phenomenon with reference to a specific material, with a variety of metals, alloys and composites discussed, including steels, titanium alloys and polymer composites. In part four, the effect of SCC in various industries is examined, with chapters covering subjects such as aerospace engineering, nuclear reactors, utilities and pipelines. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Stress corrosion cracking is an essential reference for engineers and designers working with metals, alloys and polymers, and will be an invaluable tool for any industries in which metallic components are exposed to tension, corrosive environments at ambient and high temperatures. Examines the mechanisms of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) presenting recognising testing methods and materials resistant to SCC Assesses the effect of SCC on particular metals featuring steel, stainless steel, nickel-based alloys, magnesium alloys, copper-based alloys and welds in steels Reviews the monitoring and management of SCC and the affect of SCC in different industries such as petrochemical and aerospace

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines Book
Author : Y. Frank Cheng
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-13
ISBN : 1118537084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains why pipeline stress corrosion cracking happens and how it can be prevented Pipelines sit at the heart of the global economy. When they are in good working order, they deliver fuel to meet the ever-growing demand for energy around the world. When they fail due to stress corrosion cracking, they can wreak environmental havoc. This book skillfully explains the fundamental science and engineering of pipeline stress corrosion cracking based on the latest research findings and actual case histories. The author explains how and why pipelines fall prey to stress corrosion cracking and then offers tested and proven strategies for preventing, detecting, and monitoring it in order to prevent pipeline failure. Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines begins with a brief introduction and then explores general principals of stress corrosion cracking, including two detailed case studies of pipeline failure. Next, the author covers: Near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines High pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines Stress corrosion cracking of pipelines in acidic soil environments Stress corrosion cracking at pipeline welds Stress corrosion cracking of high-strength pipeline steels The final chapter is dedicated to effective management and mitigation of pipeline stress corrosion cracking. Throughout the book, the author develops a number of theoretical models and concepts based on advanced microscopic electrochemical measurements to help readers better understand the occurrence of stress corrosion cracking. By examining all aspects of pipeline stress corrosion cracking—the causes, mechanisms, and management strategies—this book enables engineers to construct better pipelines and then maintain and monitor them to ensure safe, reliable energy supplies for the world.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Metals a State of the Art

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Metals a State of the Art Book
Author : H. Lee Craig
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress Corrosion Cracking of Metals a State of the Art book written by H. Lee Craig, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress corrosion Cracking Materials Performance and Evaluation

Stress corrosion Cracking  Materials Performance and Evaluation Book
Author : Russell H. Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781627081184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition serves as a go-to reference on the complex subject of stress corrosion cracking (SCC), offering information to help metallurgists, materials scientists, and designers determine whether SCC will be an issue for their design or applications; and for the failure analyst to help determine if SCC played a role in a failure under investigation. Research conducted over the last 20 years warranted new coverage on crack tip chemistry analysis and modeling, SCC of low strength steels in alcohol, SCC in new high strength steels, new data in SCC of stainless steels and nickel-based alloys, SCC of copper alloys in potable water, and hydrogen induced cracking of aluminium alloys. Additional case studies and a section on high strength low alloy steels were added. An appendix of relevant standards pertaining to SCC is also included. The book details the many conditions under which SCC can occur, the parameters which control SCC, and methodologies for mitigating and testing for SCC, plus information on the mechanism of SCC with experimental data on a variety of materials. It contains information about the environmental, mechanical, microstructural and chemical aspects of SCC to help predict and prevent component failure. Chapters include coverage of SCC in these materials: carbon, and low-alloy steels; high-strength steels; stainless steels; nickle-base alloys; copper alloys; magnesium alloys; titanium alloys; zirconium alloys; uranium alloys; amorphous alloys; and glasses and ceramics.

Fundamental Aspects of Stress Corrosion Cracking

Fundamental Aspects of Stress Corrosion Cracking Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Stress corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen stress Cracking of High strength Steel

Stress corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen stress Cracking of High strength Steel Book
Author : Ellis E. Fletcher,Warren E. Berry,A. R. Elsea
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-strength steels are susceptible to delayed cracking under suitable conditions. Frequently such a brittle failure occurs at a stress that is only a fraction of the nominal yield strength. Considerable controversy exists over whether such failures result from two separate and distinct phenomena or whether there is but one mechanism called by two different names. Stress-corrosion cracking is the process in which a crack propagates, at least partially, by the stress induced corrosion of a susceptible metal at the advancing tip of the stress-corrosion crack. There is considerable evidence that this cracking results from the electrtrochemical corrosion of a metal subjected to tensile stresses, either residual or externally applied. Hydrogen-stress cracking is cracking which occurs as the result of hydrogen in the metal lattice in combination with tensile stresses. Hydrogen-stress cracking cannot occur if hydrogen is prevented from entering the steel, or if hydrogen that has entered during processing or service is removed before permanent damage has occurred. It is generally agreed that corrosion plays no part in the actual fracture mechanism. This report was prepared to point out wherein the two fracture mechanisms under consideration are similar and wherein they differ. From the evidence available today, the present authors have concluded that there are two distinct mechansims of delayed failure. (Author).

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Metals a State of the Art

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Metals  a State of the Art Book
Author : American Society for Testing and Materials
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress Corrosion Cracking of Metals a State of the Art book written by American Society for Testing and Materials, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress corrosion Cracking

Stress corrosion Cracking Book
Author : Warren E. Berry
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1961
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress corrosion Cracking book written by Warren E. Berry, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Symposium on Stress corrosion Cracking of Metals

Symposium on Stress corrosion Cracking of Metals Book
Author : American Society for Testing Materials
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1945
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Symposium on Stress corrosion Cracking of Metals book written by American Society for Testing Materials, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Copper Metals

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Copper Metals Book
Author : DH. Thompson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Four factors that cause stress corrosion cracking are sufficient stress, a suitable corrodent, a susceptible alloy, and time. The nature and sources of both applied and residual stress are discussed. The sources of residual stress that are peculiar to the brass industry are described. The copper (Cu) metals are listed in order of their relative susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking. Zinc (Zn) in Cu contributes to the probability of its cracking; nickel (Ni) in Cu metals tends to inhibit it. Stress corrosion cracking is not instantaneous, so time is a factor in its occurrence. Various methods for the prevention of stress corrosion cracking are discussed. Some examples of stress corrosion cracking in service are described. Probability is discussed in relation to its role of predicting the stress corrosion cracking of Cu metals. Testing of Cu metals for their resistance to stress corrosion cracking may employ loops or U-bends. Applied stress may be effected by dead weight loading or by the use of springs. Corrodents may be chemical solutions, natural environments (atmosphere, sea water) or exposure to service environments. The metallographic appearance of stress corrosion cracks in Cu alloys is described as are the crack paths in brass and in other metals.

Hydrogen Embrittlement and Stress Corrosion Cracking

Hydrogen Embrittlement and Stress Corrosion Cracking Book
Author : Alexander Robert Troiano,Ronald Gibala,R. F. Hehemann
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1984-01-01
ISBN : 9781615031788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrogen Embrittlement and Stress Corrosion Cracking book written by Alexander Robert Troiano,Ronald Gibala,R. F. Hehemann, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress corrosion Cracking of Stainless Steel

Stress corrosion Cracking of Stainless Steel Book
Author : Myra S. Feldman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1962
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress corrosion Cracking of Stainless Steel book written by Myra S. Feldman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steel

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steel Book
Author : McIntyre R. Louthan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steel book written by McIntyre R. Louthan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress corrosion Cracking in High Strength Steels and in Titanium and Aluminum Alloys

Stress corrosion Cracking in High Strength Steels and in Titanium and Aluminum Alloys Book
Author : Benjamin Floyd Brown
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress corrosion Cracking in High Strength Steels and in Titanium and Aluminum Alloys book written by Benjamin Floyd Brown, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Damien Feron,Roger W Staehle
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-30
ISBN : 0081000626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: The Coriou Effect presents the latest information on brittle failure of metals in corrosive chemical environments under the influence of tensile stresses. Nickel alloys are more resistant to SCC as well as high temperatures and have been widely used in more challenging environments such as nuclear power plants. However, these alloys can suffer SCC under certain conditions, resulting in component failure. A key figure in understanding the mechanisms of SCC in nickel alloys in water-cooled nuclear reactors is Henri Coriou of the CEA, France’s leading center for nuclear research. This book assesses his work in the context of the latest research on SCC in nickel alloys in nuclear power plants. Up-to-date reviews of recent research findings from leading experts in the field Authoritative and comprehensively reviewed by the Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion Showcases the excellent quality and technical accomplishments of Henri Coriou and CEA

Stress corrosion Cracking of Aluminum Alloys

Stress corrosion Cracking of Aluminum Alloys Book
Author : J. D. Jackson,Walter K. Boyd
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress corrosion Cracking of Aluminum Alloys book written by J. D. Jackson,Walter K. Boyd, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microchemistry and Mechanics Issues in Stress Corrosion Cracking

Microchemistry and Mechanics Issues in Stress Corrosion Cracking Book
Author : DR. Baer,MJ. Danielson,RH. Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmentally induced subcritical crack growth occurs in most metallic ma terials given the appropriate material, environment, and stress conditions. Much is known about the conditions which cause stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in metallic materials, but much less is known about the processes which control environment-induced crack initiation and propagation. There is presently no description of the flaw length, flaw shape, and local chemistry conditions that coincide with the transition from a localized corrosion phenomenon and the initiation of a crack. Although there have been considerable attempts to describe the rate-limiting steps in crack propagation, a number of issues are unresolved, including specifics about the crack-tip conditions, crack length effects, processes controlling the Stage I SCC region, and details about the crack advance processes in both transgranular stress corrosion cracking (TGSCC) and intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC). A summary of these unresolved issues and some analysis of their effect on SCC is given in this paper.

Stress corrosion Cracking in Metals

Stress corrosion Cracking in Metals Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stress corrosion Cracking in Metals book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion Issues in Light Water Reactors

Corrosion Issues in Light Water Reactors Book
Author : D Féron,J-M Olive
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-06-22
ISBN : 1845693469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stress corrosion cracking is a major problem in light water nuclear reactors, whether pressurised water reactors (PWRs) or boiling water reactors (BWRs). The nuclear industry needs to be able to predict the service life of these power plants and develop appropriate maintenance and repair practices to ensure safe long term operation. This important book sums up key recent research on corrosion in light water reactors and its practical applications. The book is divided into four parts. It begins with an overview of materials degradation due to stress corrosion, corrosion potential monitoring and passivation. Part two summarises research on susceptibility of materials to stress corrosion cracking and the ways it can be initiated. The third part of the book considers stress corrosion crack propagation processes whilst the final part includes practical case studies of corrosion in particular plants. The book reviews corrosion in a range of materials such as low alloy steels, stainless steels and nickel-based alloys. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Corrosion issues in light water reactors is a standard work for the nuclear industry. Summarises key recent research on corrosion in light water reactors Includes practical case studies

Stress corrosion Cracking

Stress corrosion Cracking Book
Author : Russell H. Jones
Publisher : Asm International
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 9780871704412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the many conditions under which stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) can occur, the parameters which control SCC, and the methodologies for mitigating and testing for SCC, plus information on mechanisms of SCC with experimental data on a variety of materials. Contains information about environmen