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Stream Ecosystems In A Changing Environment

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Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment

Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment Book
Author : Jeremy B. Jones,Emily Stanley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-07
ISBN : 0124059198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment synthesizes the current understanding of stream ecosystem ecology, emphasizing nutrient cycling and carbon dynamics, and providing a forward-looking perspective regarding the response of stream ecosystems to environmental change. Each chapter includes a section focusing on anticipated and ongoing dynamics in stream ecosystems in a changing environment, along with hypotheses regarding controls on stream ecosystem functioning. The book, with its innovative sections, provides a bridge between papers published in peer-reviewed scientific journals and the findings of researchers in new areas of study. Presents a forward-looking perspective regarding the response of stream ecosystems to environmental change Provides a synthesis of the latest findings on stream ecosystems ecology in one concise volume Includes thought exercises and discussion activities throughout, providing valuable tools for learning Offers conceptual models and hypotheses to stimulate conversation and advance research

Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment

Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment Book
Author : Jeremy B. Jones
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 9781548995898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment By Jeremy B. Jones

River and Stream Ecosystems of the World

River and Stream Ecosystems of the World Book
Author : Colbert E. Cushing,Kenneth W. Cummins,G. Wayne Minshall
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2006-02-06
ISBN : 9780520245679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This ia a synopsis and review of the major rivers of the world.

Global Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems

Global Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems Book
Author : Penelope Firth,Stuart G. Fisher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1991-12-16
ISBN : 9780387976402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global climate change is a certainty. The Earth's climate has never remained static for long and the prospect for human-accelerated climate change in the near future appears likely. Freshwater systems are intimately connected to climate in several ways: they may influence global atmospheric processes affecting climate; they may be sensitive early indicators of climate change because they integrate the atmospheric and terrestrial events occurring in their catchments; and, of course, they will be affected by climate change. An improved predictive understanding of environmental effects on pattern and process in freshwater ecosystems will be invaluable as a baseline upon which to build sound protection and management policies for fresh waters. This book represents an early step towards this improved understanding. The contributors accepted the challenge to assume global warming of 2-5oC in the next century. They then explored the implications of this scenario on various freshwater ecosystems and processes. To provide a broader perspective, Firth and Fisher included several chapters which do not deal expressly with freshwater ecosystems, but rather discuss climate change in terms of causes and mechanisms, implications for water resources, and the use of remote sensing as a tool for expanding studies from local to global scale.

Managing Forests and Water for People under a Changing Environment

Managing Forests and Water for People under a Changing Environment Book
Author : Ge Sun,Kevin Bishop,Silvio Ferraz,Julia Jones
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 3039288237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forests cover 30% of the Earth’s land area, or nearly four billion hectares. Enhancing the benefits and ecosystem services of forests has been increasingly recognized as an essential part of nature-based solutions for solving many emerging global environmental problems today. A core science supporting forest management is understanding the interactions of forests, water, and people. These interactions have become increasingly complex under climate change and its associated impacts, such as the increases in the intensity and frequency of drought and floods, increasing population and deforestation, and a rise in global demands for multiple ecosystem services including clean water supply and carbon sequestration. Forest watershed managers have recognized that water management is an essential component of forest management. Global environmental change is posing more challenges for managing forests and water toward sustainable development. New science on forest and water is critically needed across the globe. The International Forests and Water Conference 2018, Valdivia, Chile (http://forestsandwater2018.cl/), a joint effort of the 5th IUFRO International Conference on Forests and Water in a Changing Environment and the Second Latin American Conference on Forests and Water provided a unique forum to examine forest and water issues in Latin America under a global context. This book represents a collection of some of the peer-reviewed papers presented at the conference that were published in a Special Issue of Forests.

Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems

Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems Book
Author : Martin Kernan,Richard W. Battarbee,Brian R. Moss
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-14
ISBN : 9781444391275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text examines the impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, past, present and future. It especially considers the interactions between climate change and other drivers of change including hydromorphological modification, nutrient loading, acid deposition and contamination by toxic substances using evidence from palaeolimnology, time-series analysis, space-for-time substitution, laboratory and field experiments and process modelling. The book evaluates these processes in relation to extreme events, seasonal changes in ecosystems, trends over decadal-scale time periods, mitigation strategies and ecosystem recovery. The book is also concerned with how aspects of hydrophysical, hydrochemical and ecological change can be used as early indicators of climate change in aquatic ecosystems and it addresses the implications of future climate change for freshwater ecosystem management at the catchment scale. This is an ideal book for the scientific research community, but is also accessible to Masters and senior undergraduate students.

Linking Hydrological and Biogeochemical Processes in Riparian Corridors

Linking Hydrological and Biogeochemical Processes in Riparian Corridors Book
Author : Dipankar Dwivedi,Sarah E. Godsey,Tim Scheibe
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-07-22
ISBN : 2889710742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Linking Hydrological and Biogeochemical Processes in Riparian Corridors book written by Dipankar Dwivedi,Sarah E. Godsey,Tim Scheibe, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Boreal Shield Watersheds

Boreal Shield Watersheds Book
Author : John Gunn,Robert John Steedman,Richard Ryder
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-08-27
ISBN : 020349508X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Boreal Shield Watersheds: Lake Trout Ecosystems in a Changing Environment brings together the work of a renowned international group of scientists who specialize in aquatic science and environmental management. They explore the functioning of Boreal Shield ecosystems, focusing on the lake trout, the classic coldwater species of northern glaciated l

Applications in Ecological Engineering

Applications in Ecological Engineering Book
Author : Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-25
ISBN : 9780123813688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecological engineering involves the design, construction and management of ecosystems that have value to both humans and the environment. It is a rapidly developing discipline that provides a promising technology to solve environmental problems. Ecological Engineering covers the basic theory of ecological engineering as well as the application of these principles in environmental management. Provides an overview of the theory and application of environmental engineering International focus and range of ecosystems makes Ecological Engineering an indispensable resource to scientists Based on the best-selling Encyclopedia of Ecology Full-color figures and tables support the text and aid in understanding

The Ecology of Plant Litter Decomposition in Stream Ecosystems

The Ecology of Plant Litter Decomposition in Stream Ecosystems Book
Author : Christopher M. Swan,Luz Boyero,Cristina Canhoto
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 3030728544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With almost 90% of terrestrial plant material entering the detrital pool, the processing of this significant carbon source is a critical ecosystem function to understand. Riverine ecosystems are estimated to receive, process and transport nearly 1.9 Pg of terrestrial carbon per year globally, highlighting the focus many freshwater ecologists have on the factors that explain decomposition rates of senesced plant material. Since Webster and Benfield offered the first comprehensive review of these factors in 1986, there has been an explosion of research addressing key questions about the ecological interactions at play. Ecologists have developed field and laboratory techniques, as well as created global scale collaborations to disentangle the many drivers involved in the decomposition process. This book encapsulates these 30+ years of research, describing the state of knowledge on the ecology of plant litter decomposition in stream ecosystems in 22 chapters written by internationally renowned experts on the subject.

Ecological Significance of River Ecosystems

Ecological Significance of River Ecosystems Book
Author : Sughosh Madhav,Shyam Kanhaiya,Arun Lal Srivastav,Virendra Bahadur Singh,Pardeep Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-21
ISBN : 0323903436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecological Significance of Riparian Ecosystems: Challenges and Management Strategies examines the current issues related to river ecosystems, their environmental importance, pollution issues and potential management strategies. The book is divided into 4 key themes: Basics of river ecosystem, Natural phenomenon of river ecosystem, Human-induced problems of river ecosystem, and Management measures for the river ecosystem. Through these four themes, the contributors present both practical and theoretical aspects of river ecosystem in changing climate. An emphasis has been made on the recent research of climate change and its impact on the river ecosystem. River ecosystems have tremendous potential to store CO2, however, with changing climatic and anthropogenic activities, these habitats are under threat, and river ecosystems are losing the very vital service of storing carbon. Unlike well documented terrestrial biodiversity, the biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems is still unrecognized to some extent. Presents an understanding of the biogeochemical processes of river ecosystems achieved by food webs and diverse biogeochemical processes Covers sediment dynamics and nutrient chemistry - hot topics in river ecosystems Includes environmental pollution issues in river ecosystems from various anthropogenic activities

Intermittent Rivers and Ephemeral Streams

Intermittent Rivers and Ephemeral Streams Book
Author : Thibault Datry,Núria Bonada,Andrew J. Boulton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-11
ISBN : 0128039043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intermittent Rivers and Ephemeral Streams: Ecology and Management takes an internationally broad approach, seeking to compare and contrast findings across multiple continents, climates, flow regimes, and land uses to provide a complete and integrated perspective on the ecology of these ecosystems. Coupled with this, users will find a discussion of management approaches applicable in different regions that are illustrated with relevant case studies. In a readable and technically accurate style, the book utilizes logically framed chapters authored by experts in the field, allowing managers and policymakers to readily grasp ecological concepts and their application to specific situations. Provides up-to-date reviews of research findings and management strategies using international examples Explores themes and parallels across diverse sub-disciplines in ecology and water resource management utilizing a multidisciplinary and integrative approach Reveals the relevance of this scientific understanding to managers and policymakers

Global Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems

Global Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems Book
Author : Penelope Firth,Stuart G. Fisher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146122814X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global climate change is a certainty. The Earth's climate has never remained static for long and the prospect for human-accelerated climate change in the near future appears likely. Freshwater systems are intimately connected to climate in several ways: they may influence global atmospheric processes affecting climate; they may be sensitive early indicators of climate change because they integrate the atmospheric and terrestrial events occurring in their catchments; and, of course, they will be affected by climate change. An improved predictive understanding of environmental effects on pattern and process in freshwater ecosystems will be invaluable as a baseline upon which to build sound protection and management policies for fresh waters. This book represents an early step towards this improved understanding. The contributors accepted the challenge to assume global warming of 2-5oC in the next century. They then explored the implications of this scenario on various freshwater ecosystems and processes. To provide a broader perspective, Firth and Fisher included several chapters which do not deal expressly with freshwater ecosystems, but rather discuss climate change in terms of causes and mechanisms, implications for water resources, and the use of remote sensing as a tool for expanding studies from local to global scale.

Insect Mouthparts

Insect Mouthparts Book
Author : Harald W. Krenn
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-12-09
ISBN : 3030296547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first comprehensive book focusing on the form and function of insect mouthparts. Written by leading experts, it reviews the current knowledge on feeding types and the evolution of mouthparts and presents new research approaches. The richly illustrated articles cover topics ranging from functional morphology, biomechanics of biting and chewing, and the biophysics of fluid-feeding to the morphogenesis and genetics of mouthpart development, ecomorphology in flower-visiting insects as well as the evolution of mouthparts, including fossil records. Intended for entomologists and scientists interested in interdisciplinary approaches, the book provides a solid basis for future scientific work. Chapter 6 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

River Sand Mining Modelling and Sustainable Practice

River Sand Mining Modelling and Sustainable Practice Book
Author : Raj Kumar Bhattacharya,Nilanjana Das Chatterjee
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-31
ISBN : 3030722961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Worldwide demand for sand and gravel is increasing daily, as the need for these materials continues to rise, for example in the construction sector, in land filling and for transportation sector based infrastructural projects. This results in over-extraction of sand from channel beds, and hampers the natural renewal of sediment, geological setup and morphological processes of the riverine system. In India, illegal sand mining (of alluvial channels) and gravel mining (of perennial channels) are two anthropogenic issues that negatively affect the sustainable drainage system. Along the Kangsabati River in India, the consequences of sand mining are very serious. The construction of Mukutmonipur Dam (1958) on the river causes huge sediment deposition along the middle and downstream areas, these same areas are also intensely mined for sand (instream and on the flood plain). Geospatial models are applied in order to better understand the state and the resilience of stream hydraulics, morphological and river ecosystem variables during pre-mining and post-mining stages, using micro-level datasets of the Kangsabati River. The book also includes practicable measures to minimize the environmental consequences of instream mining in respect to optimum sand mining. It discusses the threshold limits of each variable in stream hydraulics, morphological and river ecological regime, and also discusses the most affected variables. Consequently, all outputs will be very useful for students, researchers, academicians, decision makers and practitioners and will facilitate applying these techniques to create models for other river basins.

Central European Stream Ecosystems

Central European Stream Ecosystems Book
Author : Rüdiger Wagner,Jürgen Marxsen,Peter Zwick,Eileen J. Cox
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-24
ISBN : 3527634665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probably the best-studied stream on earth. The result of unmatched long-term data taken by the Max-Planck outstation in Schlitz from the nearby Breitenbach stream since 1949, the special focus in this handbook and ready reference is on animal and microorganism occurrence and variation, as well as chemical and physical parameters. An invaluable data basis for modeling purposes for anyone dealing with stream ecology.

Methods in Stream Ecology

Methods in Stream Ecology Book
Author : F. Richard Hauer,Gary A. Lamberti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-04-27
ISBN : 9780080547435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methods in Stream Ecology, Second Edition, provides a complete series of field and laboratory protocols in stream ecology that are ideal for teaching or conducting research. This updated edition reflects recent advances in the technology associated with ecological assessment of streams, including remote sensing. In addition, the relationship between stream flow and alluviation has been added, and a new chapter on riparian zones is also included. The book features exercises in each chapter; detailed instructions, illustrations, formulae, and data sheets for in-field research for students; and taxanomic keys to common stream invertebrates and algae. With a student-friendly price, this book is key for all students and researchers in stream and freshwater ecology, freshwater biology, marine ecology, and river ecology. This text is also supportive as a supplementary text for courses in watershed ecology/science, hydrology, fluvial geomorphology, and landscape ecology. Exercises in each chapter Detailed instructions, illustrations, formulae, and data sheets for in-field research for students Taxanomic keys to common stream invertebrates and algae Link from Chapter 22: FISH COMMUNITY COMPOSITION to an interactive program for assessing and modeling fish numbers

Stream Fish Community Dynamics

Stream Fish Community Dynamics Book
Author : William J. Matthews,Edie Marsh-Matthews
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2017-05-01
ISBN : 1421422034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book includes; A comparison of all global and local communities with respect to community composition at the species and family level, emergent community properties, and the relationship between those emergent properties and the environments of the study sites; Analyses of traits of individual species that are important to their distribution or success in harsh environments; A review of evidence for the importance of interactions—including competition and predation—in community dynamics of stream fishes; An assessment of disturbance effects in fish community dynamics; New analysis of the short- and long-term dynamics of variation in stream fish communities, illustrating the applicability and importance of the "loose equilibrium concept"; New analyses and comparisons of spatiotemporal variation in community dynamics and beta diversity partitioning; An overview of the effects of fish in ecosystems in the central and eastern United StatesThe book ends with a summary chapter that places the authors' findings in broader contexts and describes how the "loose equilibrium concept"—which may be the most appropriate default assumption for dynamics of stream fishes in the changing climate of the future—applies to many kinds of stream fish communities.

Water Quality and Agriculture

Water Quality and Agriculture Book
Author : James Shortle,Markku Ollikainen,Antti Iho
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-12
ISBN : 3030470873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water pollution control has been a top environmental policy priority of the world’s most developed countries for decades, and the focus of significant regulation and public and private spending. Yet, significant water quality problems remain, and trends for some pollutants are in the wrong direction. This book addresses the economics of water pollution control and water pollution control policy in agriculture, with an aim towards providing students, environmental policy analysts, and other environmental professionals with economic concepts and tools essential to understanding the problem and crafting solutions that can be effective and efficient. The book will also examine existing policies and proposed reforms in the developed world. Although this book addresses and has a general applicability to major water pollutants from agriculture (e.g., pesticides, pharmaceuticals, sediments, nutrients), it will focus on the sediment and nutrient pollution problem. The economic and scientific foundations for pollution management are best developed for these pollutants, and they are currently the top priorities of policy makers. Accordingly, the authors provide both highly salient and informative cases for developing concepts and methods of general applicability, with high profile examples such as the Chesapeake Bay, Lake Erie, and the Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone in the US; the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe; and Lake Taupo in New Zealand.

Characteristics of Nonpoint Source Urban Runoff and Its Effects on Stream Ecosystems

Characteristics of Nonpoint Source Urban Runoff and Its Effects on Stream Ecosystems Book
Author : D. B. Porcella,Darwin L. Sorensen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Characteristics of Nonpoint Source Urban Runoff and Its Effects on Stream Ecosystems book written by D. B. Porcella,Darwin L. Sorensen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.