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Stream Ecosystems In A Changing Environment

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Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment

Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment Book
Author : Jeremy B. Jones,Emily Stanley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-07
ISBN : 0124059198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment synthesizes the current understanding of stream ecosystem ecology, emphasizing nutrient cycling and carbon dynamics, and providing a forward-looking perspective regarding the response of stream ecosystems to environmental change. Each chapter includes a section focusing on anticipated and ongoing dynamics in stream ecosystems in a changing environment, along with hypotheses regarding controls on stream ecosystem functioning. The book, with its innovative sections, provides a bridge between papers published in peer-reviewed scientific journals and the findings of researchers in new areas of study. Presents a forward-looking perspective regarding the response of stream ecosystems to environmental change Provides a synthesis of the latest findings on stream ecosystems ecology in one concise volume Includes thought exercises and discussion activities throughout, providing valuable tools for learning Offers conceptual models and hypotheses to stimulate conversation and advance research

Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems

Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems Book
Author : Martin Kernan,Richard W. Battarbee,Brian R. Moss
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-14
ISBN : 9781444391275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text examines the impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, past, present and future. It especially considers the interactions between climate change and other drivers of change including hydromorphological modification, nutrient loading, acid deposition and contamination by toxic substances using evidence from palaeolimnology, time-series analysis, space-for-time substitution, laboratory and field experiments and process modelling. The book evaluates these processes in relation to extreme events, seasonal changes in ecosystems, trends over decadal-scale time periods, mitigation strategies and ecosystem recovery. The book is also concerned with how aspects of hydrophysical, hydrochemical and ecological change can be used as early indicators of climate change in aquatic ecosystems and it addresses the implications of future climate change for freshwater ecosystem management at the catchment scale. This is an ideal book for the scientific research community, but is also accessible to Masters and senior undergraduate students.

Managing Forests and Water for People under a Changing Environment

Managing Forests and Water for People under a Changing Environment Book
Author : Ge Sun,Kevin Bishop,Silvio Ferraz,Julia Jones
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 3039288237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forests cover 30% of the Earth’s land area, or nearly four billion hectares. Enhancing the benefits and ecosystem services of forests has been increasingly recognized as an essential part of nature-based solutions for solving many emerging global environmental problems today. A core science supporting forest management is understanding the interactions of forests, water, and people. These interactions have become increasingly complex under climate change and its associated impacts, such as the increases in the intensity and frequency of drought and floods, increasing population and deforestation, and a rise in global demands for multiple ecosystem services including clean water supply and carbon sequestration. Forest watershed managers have recognized that water management is an essential component of forest management. Global environmental change is posing more challenges for managing forests and water toward sustainable development. New science on forest and water is critically needed across the globe. The International Forests and Water Conference 2018, Valdivia, Chile (http://forestsandwater2018.cl/), a joint effort of the 5th IUFRO International Conference on Forests and Water in a Changing Environment and the Second Latin American Conference on Forests and Water provided a unique forum to examine forest and water issues in Latin America under a global context. This book represents a collection of some of the peer-reviewed papers presented at the conference that were published in a Special Issue of Forests.

Stream Ecology

Stream Ecology Book
Author : J. David Allan,María M. Castillo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-17
ISBN : 1402055838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A hugely important text for advanced undergraduates as well as graduates with an interest in stream and river ecology, this second, updated edition is designed to serve as a textbook as well as a working reference for specialists in stream ecology and related fields. The book presents vital new findings on human impacts, and new work in pollution control, flow management, restoration and conservation planning that point to practical solutions. All told, the book is expanded in length by some twenty-five percent, and includes hundreds of figures, most of them new.

Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment Book
Author : Jon Børre Ørbaek,Roland Kallenborn,Ingunn Tombre,Else N. Hegseth,Stig Falk-Petersen,Alf H. Hoel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-10
ISBN : 3540485147
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The European Arctic and Alpine regions are experiencing large environmental changes. These changes may have socio-economic effects if the changes affect the bioproduction, which form the basis for the marine and terrestrial food chains. This uniquely multidisciplinary book presents the various aspects of contemporary environmental changes in Arctic and Alpine Regions.

Applications in Ecological Engineering

Applications in Ecological Engineering Book
Author : Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-25
ISBN : 9780123813688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecological engineering involves the design, construction and management of ecosystems that have value to both humans and the environment. It is a rapidly developing discipline that provides a promising technology to solve environmental problems. Ecological Engineering covers the basic theory of ecological engineering as well as the application of these principles in environmental management. Provides an overview of the theory and application of environmental engineering International focus and range of ecosystems makes Ecological Engineering an indispensable resource to scientists Based on the best-selling Encyclopedia of Ecology Full-color figures and tables support the text and aid in understanding

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling Book
Author : John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-01-22
ISBN : 1118351487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

The Changing Environment of Northern Michigan

The Changing Environment of Northern Michigan Book
Author : Knute J. Nadelhoffer,Alan J. Hogg,Brian A. Hazlett
Publisher : University of Michigan Regional
Release : 2010
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One hundred years of scientific study of wildlife and environmental change at the University of Michigan Biological Station

Modelling Community Structure in Freshwater Ecosystems

Modelling Community Structure in Freshwater Ecosystems Book
Author : Sovan Lek,Michele Scardi,P.F.M Verdonschot,J.-P. Descy,Young-Seuk Park
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-02-14
ISBN : 9783540239406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents approaches and methodologies for predicting the structure and diversity of key aquatic communities (namely, diatoms, benthic macroinvertebrates and fish), under natural conditions and under man-made disturbance. The intent is to offer an organized means for modeling, evaluating and restoring freshwater ecosystems.

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management Book
Author : John A. Wiens,Gregory D. Hayward,Hugh D, Safford,Catherine Giffen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-07-09
ISBN : 1118329759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In North America, concepts of Historical Range of Variability are being employed in land-management planning for properties of private organizations and multiple government agencies. The National Park Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, and The Nature Conservancy all include elements of historical ecology in their planning processes. Similar approaches are part of land management and conservation in Europe and Australia. Each of these user groups must struggle with the added complication of rapid climate change, rapid land-use change, and technical issues in order to employ historical ecology effectively. Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management explores the utility of historical ecology in a management and conservation context and the development of concepts related to understanding future ranges of variability. It provides guidance and insights to all those entrusted with managing and conserving natural resources: land-use planners, ecologists, fire scientists, natural resource policy makers, conservation biologists, refuge and preserve managers, and field practitioners. The book will be particularly timely as science-based management is once again emphasized in United States federal land management and as an understanding of the potential effects of climate change becomes more widespread among resource managers. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/wiens/historicalenvironmentalvariation.

Boreal Shield Watersheds

Boreal Shield Watersheds Book
Author : John Gunn,Robert John Steedman,Richard Ryder
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-08-27
ISBN : 9780203495087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Boreal Shield Watersheds: Lake Trout Ecosystems in a Changing Environment brings together the work of a renowned international group of scientists who specialize in aquatic science and environmental management. They explore the functioning of Boreal Shield ecosystems, focusing on the lake trout, the classic coldwater species of northern glaciated l

Tropical Asian Streams

Tropical Asian Streams Book
Author : David Dudgeon
Publisher : Hong Kong University Press
Release : 1999-01-01
ISBN : 9622094694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the ecology of rivers and streams in the Oriental Region, and describes the composition of their unique fauna - especially the diverse array of animals which live on and among the bottom sediments. Dichotomous keys are provided as an aid to the identification of these animals, and the book is illustrated by over 100 pages of line drawings and maps. Special emphasis is given to the impact of human activities on streams and rivers, and the book concludes with a discussion of conservation and management options for these endangered habitats.

Central European Stream Ecosystems

Central European Stream Ecosystems Book
Author : Rüdiger Wagner,Jürgen Marxsen,Peter Zwick,Eileen J. Cox
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-24
ISBN : 3527634665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probably the best-studied stream on earth. The result of unmatched long-term data taken by the Max-Planck outstation in Schlitz from the nearby Breitenbach stream since 1949, the special focus in this handbook and ready reference is on animal and microorganism occurrence and variation, as well as chemical and physical parameters. An invaluable data basis for modeling purposes for anyone dealing with stream ecology.

Dynamics of Climate Change and Water Resources of Northwestern Himalaya

Dynamics of Climate Change and Water Resources of Northwestern Himalaya Book
Author : Rajesh Joshi,Kireet Kumar,Lok Man S Palni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-24
ISBN : 3319137433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the Himalayan ranges as a source of fresh water supply and a perennial store house of ice, snow and permafrost as well as a vast repository of rich biodiversity, in the light of climate change. Special attention is given to the dynamics of snow and glaciers in the northwestern Himalayas, assessment of climate change patterns, and the consequences of changes and flow regime in order to understand the behaviour of climate change in the northwestern Himalayas. The outcome of melting glaciers are pro-glacial lakes. Their increasing size and potential danger of outbursts requires systematic study, particularly where there is the risk of impact on life and property. Furthermore, the changing trend of the hydrological cycle on a regional or local scale is another area of research which calls for the attention of geoscientists. To date there is a scarcity of reliable data meaning that a concerted effort is still required by all parties.

Freshwater Ecology

Freshwater Ecology Book
Author : Walter Dodds,Matt Whiles
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-11-03
ISBN : 9780080884776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Freshwater Ecology, Second Edition, is a broad, up-to-date treatment of everything from the basic chemical and physical properties of water to advanced unifying concepts of the community ecology and ecosystem relationships as found in continental waters. With 40% new and expanded coverage, this text covers applied and basic aspects of limnology, now with more emphasis on wetlands and reservoirs than in the previous edition. It features 80 new and updated figures, including a section of color plates, and 500 new and updated references. The authors take a synthetic approach to ecological problems, teaching students how to handle the challenges faced by contemporary aquatic scientists. This text is designed for undergraduate students taking courses in Freshwater Ecology and Limnology; and introductory graduate students taking courses in Freshwater Ecology and Limnology. Expanded revision of Dodds' successful text. New boxed sections provide more advanced material within the introductory, modular format of the first edition. Basic scientific concepts and environmental applications featured throughout. Added coverage of climate change, ecosystem function, hypertrophic habitats and secondary production. Expanded coverage of physical limnology, groundwater and wetland habitats. Expanded coverage of the toxic effects of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupters as freshwater pollutants More on aquatic invertebrates, with more images and pictures of a broader range of organisms Expanded coverage of the functional roles of filterer feeding, scraping, and shredding organisms, and a new section on omnivores. Expanded appendix on standard statistical techniques. Supporting website with figures and tables - http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123747242

Climate Change 2001 Impacts Adaptation and Vulnerability

Climate Change 2001  Impacts  Adaptation  and Vulnerability Book
Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group II.,Groupe d'experts intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group Science
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-07-02
ISBN : 9780521015004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability is the most comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of the consequences of, and adaptation responses to, climate change. The report: * Evaluates evidence that recent observed changes in climate have already affected a variety of physical and biological systems. * Studies the vulnerabilities of human populations to future climate change, including associated sea-level rise and climate extremes such as floods. * Takes into account potential impacts on water resources, agriculture and food, human health, settlements, and economic activities. * Assesses potential responses to climate change of natural environments and the wildlife that inhabit them and identifies environments at particular risk. * Considers how adaptation to climate change might lessen adverse impacts or enhance beneficial impacts. * Provides an overview of the vulnerabilities and adaptation possibilities for all major regions of the world. * Contrasts the different vulnerabilities of the developed and developing parts of the world and explores the implications for sustainable development and equity concerns. This latest IPCC assessment will again form the standard scientific reference for all concerned with environmental and social consequences of climate change, including students and researchers in environmental and social sciences, and policymakers and managers in governmental, industry and other organizations responsible for resources likely to be affected by climate change.

Pocketguide to Eastern Streams

Pocketguide to Eastern Streams Book
Author : T. Travis Brown,Shanda Brown
Publisher : Stackpole Books
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0811706400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Species accounts and photos for 225 plants, trees, insects, mollusks, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds commonly found in and around streams Covers both aquatic organisms and those that live on streambanks Distinguishing characteristics, habitat information, and range map provided for each species For nature-lovers, hikers, anglers, naturalists, and wildlife professionals Includes information on restoring and preserving threatened or damaged stream ecosystems, all in a handy pocketsize format

Water Climate Change and Forests

Water  Climate Change  and Forests Book
Author : Michael J. Furniss
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1437939848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Water from forested watersheds provides irreplaceable habitat for aquatic and riparian species and supports our homes, farms, industries, and energy production. Yet population pressures, land uses, and rapid climate change combine to seriously threaten these waters and the resilience of watersheds in most places. Forest land managers are expected to anticipate and respond to these threats and steward forested watersheds to ensure the sustained protection and provision of water and the services it provides. Contents of this report: (1) Intro.; (2) Background: Forests and Water; Climate Change: Hydrologic Responses and Ecosystem Services; (3) Moving Forward: Think; Collaborate; Act; (4) Closing; (5) Examples of Watershed Stewardship. Illus.