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Stem Cell Innovation In Health And Disease The Intestine

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The Intestine

The Intestine Book
Author : Ahmed El-Hashash,Eiman Abdel Meguid
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 0128212713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intestine is among the leading organs, in which several cutting edge in vitro and in vivo research tools and approaches have recently been developed and used to investigate stem cell biology/function, and the potential applications of stem cells in the treatment of intestinal diseases. These cutting-edge research tools and approaches involve human and murine organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, human induced pluripotent cell (iPS cell) models of disease, haploid cells for genetic as well as compound screening paradigms, genetically engineered mice, and stem cell transplantation to cure diseases. Stem Cell Innovation in Health and Disease: Volume 1: The Intestine contains two major sections describing cutting edge research for understanding stem cell functions in the intestine, and for developing methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside; respectively. Each section includes insights ranging from using mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, and human induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs) to study stem cell functions and model intestinal diseases, through the cutting-edge research, including the potential application of iPSCs, ESCs and blood stem cells (stem cell transplants) in the treatment of intestinal diseases/disorders. This volume, therefore, discusses the fact-based promise of stem cells and regenerative medicine in the intestine in the real world. Provides intensive scientific background and most recent information on cutting edge research to understand intestinal stem cell functions and develop methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside for different intestinal diseases Analyzes the current state, opportunities, and challenges of innovative technologies and stem cells from bench to bed, including organoids and the CRISPR gene editing system in the intestine Contains two major sections describing cutting-edge research for understanding stem cell functions and for developing methods specific to the intestine

Stem Cell Innovation in Health Disease The Lung Volume 2

Stem Cell Innovation in Health   Disease  The Lung  Volume 2 Book
Author : Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-10
ISBN : 0128212071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the lung, more recent data have been accumulated on lung stem cell biology/function and the potential applications of stem cells in pulmonary diseases that are facilitated by the recent development of a broad range of cutting edge in vitro and in vivo research tools and approaches, including mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, human induced pluripotent cell (iPS cell) models of disease, haploid cells for genetic as well as compound screening paradigms, genetically engineered mice, and stem cell transplantation to cure diseases. Stem Cell Innovation in Health and Disease: Volume 2: The Lung, contains two major sections describing cutting edge research for understanding stem cell functions in the lung and respiratory system, and for developing methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside; respectively. Each section includes insights ranging from using mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, and human induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs) to study stem cell functions and model lung diseases, through the cutting-edge research aiming to bring stem cells from bench to bedside, including the potential application of iPSCs, ESCs and blood stem cells (stem cell transplants) in the treatment of lung diseases/disorders. This book, therefore, discusses the fact-based promise of stem cells and regenerative medicine in the lung in the real world. Provides intensive scientific background and most recent information on cutting edge research to understand respiratory stem cell functions and develop methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside for different lung diseases Analyzes the current state, opportunities, and challenges of innovative technologies and stem cells from bench to bed, including organoids and iPSC-derived alveolar epithelia cell therapy in the lung Contains two major sections describing cutting-edge research for understanding stem cell functions and for developing methods specific to the lung

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases Book
Author : Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-06
ISBN : 0128197137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases provides a contemporary overview of the fast-moving field of MSC biology, regenerative medicine and therapeutics. MSCs offer the potential to dramatically reduce human suffering from disease. Numerous MSC-based studies are ongoing each year, each offering hope for novel treatments in human disease. This book provides information on MSC application in well-studied human diseases and tissue repair/regeneration and recent advances in their research and treatment. These discoveries are placed within the structural context of tissue and developmental biology in sections dealing with recent advances in our understanding of MSC biology. Includes insights ranging from MSC biology and development through the derivation and identification and properties of MSCs Helps to identify potential innovative solutions for restoring normal morphogenesis and/or regeneration of diseased organs Discusses the fact-based promise of MSC therapeutics and regenerative medicine in the real world

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 012818728X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and concise reference on all aspects of gastroenterology and hepatology, including the organs in the gastrointestinal system, their functions in health and disease, and strategies or procedures to resolve or prevent problems and disease. This concise, up-to-date information includes comprehensive sections on the impact of nutrition, gastrointestinal microbiota, lifestyle, commonly used drugs, and surgical procedures on health and disease. Since the first edition, attention to the roles of nutrition and gastrointestinal microorganisms (microbiota, formerly Microbiota) in health and disease has skyrocketed. In addition, an entirely new section on obesity and diabetes is included. Presents comprehensive coverage of every topic within gastroenterology Offers researchers a one-stop, fully-referenced resource to explore questions Includes teaching tools, multimedia and interactive elements Provides readers with multi-layered content and a media-rich learning resource for both instructors and students Covers hot new topics in GI health and disease, including new sections on stem cells, intestinal bacteria, obesity and intestinal microbiota

Protein Deimination in Human Health and Disease

Protein Deimination in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Anthony P. Nicholas,Sanjoy K. Bhattacharya,Paul R. Thompson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-20
ISBN : 3319582445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published in 2014, Protein Deimination in Human Health and Disease was the first book on this novel post-translational modification, in which selected positively-charged arginine amino acids are converted to neutral citrulline amino acids by the peptidyl-arginine deiminase (PAD) family of enzymes. This area of research continues to expand rapidly, necessitating the need for this second edition. Chronicling the latest inflammatory, epigenetic, neurodegenerative, and carcinogenic processes, Protein Deimination in Human Health and Disease, Second Edition, updates the latest advances in deimination research, including new information on PAD enzyme structure and activity, and how PAD knock-out animals are being used to study known and newly-discovered links to various human diseases. The first edition outlined what was known about citrullinated proteins in normal tissues such as skin and hair, as well as in maladies such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer’s disease (AD), glaucoma, peripheral nerve injury, neonatal hypoxic brain damage, and breast cancer. This second edition addresses numerous additional disorders such as diabetes, asthma, traumatic brain injury, inflammatory bowel disease, lupus, bone disease, heart failure, fronto-temporal dementia, and prostate and colon cancer. It also provides updates on the deimination research covering the three seminal diseases first linked to this process (RA, MS and AD), and details how auto-antibodies against citrullinated proteins contribute to disease. In addition, new hypotheses on the possible pathologic mechanisms of citrullinated myelin basic protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein are also proposed. This second edition also outlines the latest developments in therapeutic strategies, including the use of new PAD antagonists and innovative techniques such as micro-vescicles and stem cells as possible mechanisms to treat these conditions.

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches Book
Author : Ajaykumar Vishwakarma,Jeffrey M Karp
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-22
ISBN : 0128027568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches covers a wide spectrum of research and current knowledge on embryonic and adult stem cell niches, focusing on the understanding of stem cell niche molecules and signaling mechanisms, including cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. The book comprehensively reviews factors regulating stem cell behavior and the corresponding approaches for understanding the subsequent effect of providing the proper matrix molecules, mechanical cues, and/or chemical cues. It encompasses a variety of tools and techniques for developing biomaterials-based methods to model synthetic stem cell niches in vivo, or to enhance and direct stem cell fate in vitro. A final section of the book discusses stem cell niche bioengineering strategies and current advances in each tissue type. Includes the importance of Cell-Cell and Cell Matrix Interactions in each specific tissue and system Authored and edited by authorities in this emerging and multidisciplinary field Includes valuable links to 5-10 minute YouTube© author videos that describe main points

Gastrointestinal Oncology and Innovative Aspects in Gastroenterology

Gastrointestinal Oncology and Innovative Aspects in Gastroenterology Book
Author : Peter Malfertheiner,Rudolf Arnold,Dirk Joan Gouma
Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
Release : 2006-01-05
ISBN : 9782742005994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gastrointestinal Oncology is an expanding field with important medical, scientific, socio-political and ethical challenges. In the last few years, the discipline has undergone changes in our knowledge of tumour biology, diagnosis and treatment. The rate of progress in some gastrointestinal malignancies as oesophageal adenocarcinoma or malignancies of the rectum is dramatic, in other malignancies as pancreatic carcinoma or not. It is generally accepted that the management of these tumours deserves a multidisciplinary approach. Our current understanding of the management of these tumours is the specific focus of this two-day interdisciplinary Postgraduate Course.

Stem Cells

Stem Cells Book
Author : Nicole Arrighi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-27
ISBN : 0081025882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem Cells: Therapeutic Innovations under Control traces the discovery of stem cells and induced pluripotent cells. It establishes the link between knowledge about cell development and tissue engineering, and presents perspectives in regenerative medicine. Cell proliferation and tissue architecture open up unexpected applications in tissue engineering, with the development of tissues or organs. In this context emerges the need to address the issue of bioethics and regulatory considerations. Because stem cells can multiply and differentiate into cells specific to a particular tissue or organ, they represent vast potential in the health field. Traces the discovery of stem cells to link knowledge of cell development with tissue engineering Presents prospects in regenerative medicine Establishes the link between knowledge about cell development and tissue engineering

Stem Cells

Stem Cells Book
Author : Christine Mummery,Anja van de Stolpe,Bernard Roelen,Hans Clevers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-11-23
ISBN : 9780123815361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the fields of medicine and technology have led to the development of stem cell therapy. A stem cell is a cell that has the potential to develop into many different types of cell in the body. It has the ability to divide and copy itself and at least one other specialized type of cell. Stem Cells was written to provide information about the development of stem cell therapy, which can be used in the fields of research and medicine. The main goal of the book is to provide readers with an overview of the scientific facts about stem cells and its promising effects on the human body, as well as on the creation of new drugs and medicines. The book also highlights the ongoing clinical research into stem cells and lists the therapies whose effectiveness is being investigated. Many scientists argue that stem cell therapy will be of great help to patients and society if it is proven to be safe and effective. Explains in straightforward, non-specialist language the basic biology of stem cells and their applications in modern medicine and future therapy Includes extensive coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells both historically and in contemporary practice Richly illustrated to assist in understanding how research is done and the current hurdles to clinical practice

Essentials of Stem Cell Biology

Essentials of Stem Cell Biology Book
Author : Robert Lanza,Anthony Atala
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-08-31
ISBN : 0124104274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First developed as an accessible abridgement of the successful Handbook of Stem Cells, Essentials of Stem Cell Biology serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners, and students embracing the latest advances in stem cells. Representing the combined effort of 7 editors and more than 200 scholars and scientists whose pioneering work has defined our understanding of stem cells, this book combines the prerequisites for a general understanding of adult and embryonic stem cells with a presentation by the world's experts of the latest research information about specific organ systems. From basic biology/mechanisms, early development, ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm, and methods to the application of stem cells to specific human diseases, regulation and ethics, and patient perspectives, no topic in the field of stem cells is left uncovered. Contributions by Nobel Laureates and leading international investigators Includes two entirely new chapters devoted exclusively to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells written by the scientists who made the breakthrough Edited by a world-renowned author and researcher to present a complete story of stem cells in research, in application, and as the subject of political debate Presented in full color with a glossary, highlighted terms, and bibliographic entries replacing references

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches Book
Author : Ajaykumar Vishwakarma,Jeffrey M Karp
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-01
ISBN : 9780128027349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches covers a wide spectrum of research and current knowledge on embryonic and adult stem cell niches, focusing on the understanding of stem cell niche molecules and signaling mechanisms, including cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. The book comprehensively reviews factors regulating stem cell behavior and the corresponding approaches for understanding the subsequent effect of providing the proper matrix molecules, mechanical cues, and/or chemical cues. It encompasses a variety of tools and techniques for developing biomaterials-based methods to model synthetic stem cell niches in vivo, or to enhance and direct stem cell fate in vitro. A final section of the book discusses stem cell niche bioengineering strategies and current advances in each tissue type. Includes the importance of Cell-Cell and Cell Matrix Interactions in each specific tissue and system Authored and edited by authorities in this emerging and multidisciplinary field Includes valuable links to 5-10 minute YouTube� author videos per chapter that describe main points from these leaders in the field

Index Medicus

Index Medicus Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Index Medicus book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cell Therapy

Cell Therapy Book
Author : Dwaine F. Emerich,Gorka Orive
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-25
ISBN : 3319571532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of the field of cell therapy. The volume begins with an overview of the breadth of the field and then turns to overviews of imaging technologies that can aid in both safety and efficacy evaluations. The book then turns to numerous contributions detailing the rapidly growing field of stem cell therapies. These sections cover our understanding of the natural roles of stem cells in biology and human disease and then touches on several of the more prominent areas where stem cells are moving rapidly into clinical evaluation including neurodegenerative diseases, muscular dystrophy, cardiac repair, and diabetes. The volume concludes with contributions from experts in oncology, ophthalmology, stem cells, 3-D printing, and biomaterials where the convergence of expertise is leading to unprecedented insights into how to minutely control the in vivo fate and function of transplanted and/or endogeneously mobilized cells. Finally, the book provides insights into the pivotal relationship between academic and industrial partnerships. This volume is designed to touch on the major areas where the field will make its greatest and most immediate clinical impacts. This text will provide a useful resource for physicians and researchers interested in the rapidly changing filed of cell therapy.

Micro and Nanoengineering of the Cell Surface

Micro  and Nanoengineering of the Cell Surface Book
Author : Jeffrey M Karp,Weian Zhao
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-05-30
ISBN : 1455731552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro- and Nanoengineering of the Cell Surface explores the direct engineering of cell surfaces, enabling materials scientists and chemists to manipulate or augment cell functions and phenotypes. The book is accessible for readers across industry, academia, and in clinical settings in multiple disciplines, including materials science, engineering, chemistry, biology, and medicine. Written by leaders in the field, it covers numerous cell surface engineering methods along with their current and potential applications in cell therapy, tissue engineering, biosensing, and diagnosis. The interface of chemistry, materials science, and biology presents many opportunities for developing innovative tools to diagnose and treat various diseases. However, cell surface engineering using chemistry and materials science approaches is a new and diverse field. This book provides a full coverage of the subject, introducing the fundamentals of cell membrane biology before exploring the key application areas. Demystifies the direct engineering of cell surfaces, enabling materials scientists and chemists to manipulate or augment cell functions and phenotypes Provides a toolkit of micro- and nanoengineering approaches to the manipulation of the cell surface Unlocks the potential of cell surface manipulation for a range of new applications in the fields of in vitro research, cell therapy, tissue engineering, biosensing, and diagnostics

Gastrointestinal Neoplasia An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

Gastrointestinal Neoplasia  An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America  Book
Author : Paul J. Limburg,Dan A. Dixon
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2016-08-24
ISBN : 0323462782
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers account for nearly 150,000 deaths each year, in the United States alone. Encouragingly, environmental risk factors, premalignant conditions, and high-risk familial kindreds are well described for many GI cancers. In this comprehensive volume on GI Neoplasia, all luminal cancers will be discussed, along with pancreas cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), carcinoid tumors, and neuroendocrine tumors. Hepatobiliary cancers are not addressed, as these tumors could form the basis of a separate volume. Articles are organized to address several key topics for each cancer type, such as: public health burden, molecular pathways, risk and protective factors, early detection, clinical evaluation, management, and survivorship.

Mucosal Vaccines

Mucosal Vaccines Book
Author : David W. Pascual
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-19
ISBN : 012811925X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mucosal Vaccines: Innovation for Preventing Infectious Diseases discusses basic knowledge and discovery in the area of mucosal immunology and its related scientific fields. This completely updated, revised and authoritative treatise covers all aspects of mucosal vaccines, including their development, mechanisms of action, molecular/cellular aspects and practical applications. The book is organized in a unique format with basic, clinical and practical aspects described and discussed. The accumulated knowledge and new discoveries on the development of mucosal vaccines are logically introduced and discussed in an easy-to-understand format. Provides the latest views on mucosal vaccines Applies basic and current principles in the field of mucosal immunology and related scientific fields (e.g., microbiology, infectious diseases, systems biology, medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and translational research) to the development of new vaccines Links basic, clinical and practical aspects of mucosal vaccines to different infectious diseases Presents user-friendly organization using attractive illustrations

Human Retrotransposons in Health and Disease

Human Retrotransposons in Health and Disease Book
Author : Gael Cristofari
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-06
ISBN : 3319483447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book explores the role of retrotransposons in human health and disease. The ability of retrotransposons to affect the structure of human genes is recognized since the late 80’s. However, the advances of deep-sequencing technologies have shed new light on the extent of retrotransposon-mediated genome variations. These progresses have also led to the discovery that retrotransposon activity is not restricted to the germline - resulting in inheritable genetic variations - but can also mobilize in somatic tissues, such as embryonic stem cells, neuronal progenitor cells, or in many cancers. This book covers topics related to the effects of retrotransposon insertions, and their consequences on germline and somatic genome dynamics, but also discuss the role and impact of retrotransposons sequences in a broader context, including a number of novel topics that emerged recently (long non-coding RNA, neuronal disorders, exaptation) with unexpected connections between retrotransposons, stem cell maintenance, placentation, circadian cycles or aging.

Departments of Labor Health and Human Services Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015

Departments of Labor  Health and Human Services  Education  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Departments of Labor Health and Human Services Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E Book

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E Book Book
Author : Robert Wyllie,Jeffrey S. Hyams,Marsha Kay
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-09-24
ISBN : 0323672949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now with full-color illustrations throughout, dozens of new review questions, and state-of-the-art coverage of this fast-changing area, Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, 6th Edition, remains the leading text in the field. You’ll find definitive guidance on diagnosis and treatment from experienced editors Drs. Robert Wyllie, Jeffrey S. Hyams, and Marsha Kay, as well as globally renowned contributors who share their knowledge and expertise on complex issues. Features an enhanced art program with full-color anatomical figures, clinical photos, and other illustrations throughout the text. Includes a new chapter on fecal transplantation (FCT), covering donor and recipient screening, preparation, delivery, follow-up, and safety considerations, as well as investigative uses for FCT for disorders such as IBD, IBS, and D-lactic acidosis. Prepares you for certification and recertification with more than 400 board review-style questions, answers, and rationales – 30% new to this edition. Includes detailed diagrams that accurately illustrate complex concepts and provide at-a-glance recognition of disease processes. Contains numerous algorithms that provide quick and easy retrieval of diagnostic, screening, and treatment information. Provides up-to-date information on indigenous flora and the gut microbiome and clinical correlations to treatment, as well as advancements in liver transplantation including split liver transplantation (SLT) and living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Details key procedures such as esophagogastroduodenoscopy and related techniques; colonoscopy and polypectomy; endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; capsule endoscopy and small bowel enteroscopy; gastrointestinal pathology; and more.

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease Book
Author : Robert Wyllie,Jeffrey S. Hyams,Marsha Kay
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2015-08-03
ISBN : 0323240992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, by Drs. Robert Wyllie and Jeffrey S. Hyams provides the comprehensive reference you need to treat GI diseases in children. Review the latest developments in the field and get up-to-date clinical information on hot topics like polyps, capsule endoscopy, and pancreatic treatments. With expert guidance from an expanded international author base and online access to 475 board-review-style questions, this latest edition is a must-have for every practicing gastroenterologist. Confirm each diagnosis by consulting a section, organized by symptoms, that presents the full range of differential diagnoses and treatment options for each specific condition. Recognize disease processes at a glance with detailed diagrams that accurately illustrate complex concepts. Stay current with advances in the field by reviewing new chapters on Polyps and Polyposis Syndromes, Capsule Endoscopy and Small Bowel Enteroscopy, Small Bowel Transplantation, IBD, Short Gut Syndrome, Steatosis and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, and Pancreatic and Islet Cell Transplants. Gain fresh global perspectives from an expanded list of expert international contributors. Sharpen your visual recognition by accessing a color-plate section that displays additional endoscopy images. Prepare for certification or recertification with 475 online board review-style questions, answers, and rationales. Search the complete text online and download all illustrations at www.expertconsult.com.