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Stem Cell Innovation In Health And Disease The Intestine

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The Intestine

The Intestine Book
Author : Ahmed El-Hashash,Eiman Abdel Meguid
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 0128212713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intestine is among the leading organs, in which several cutting edge in vitro and in vivo research tools and approaches have recently been developed and used to investigate stem cell biology/function, and the potential applications of stem cells in the treatment of intestinal diseases. These cutting-edge research tools and approaches involve human and murine organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, human induced pluripotent cell (iPS cell) models of disease, haploid cells for genetic as well as compound screening paradigms, genetically engineered mice, and stem cell transplantation to cure diseases. Stem Cell Innovation in Health and Disease: Volume 1: The Intestine contains two major sections describing cutting edge research for understanding stem cell functions in the intestine, and for developing methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside; respectively. Each section includes insights ranging from using mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, and human induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs) to study stem cell functions and model intestinal diseases, through the cutting-edge research, including the potential application of iPSCs, ESCs and blood stem cells (stem cell transplants) in the treatment of intestinal diseases/disorders. This volume, therefore, discusses the fact-based promise of stem cells and regenerative medicine in the intestine in the real world. Provides intensive scientific background and most recent information on cutting edge research to understand intestinal stem cell functions and develop methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside for different intestinal diseases Analyzes the current state, opportunities, and challenges of innovative technologies and stem cells from bench to bed, including organoids and the CRISPR gene editing system in the intestine Contains two major sections describing cutting-edge research for understanding stem cell functions and for developing methods specific to the intestine

Stem Cell Innovation in Health Disease The Lung Volume 2

Stem Cell Innovation in Health   Disease  The Lung  Volume 2 Book
Author : Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-10
ISBN : 0128212071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the lung, more recent data have been accumulated on lung stem cell biology/function and the potential applications of stem cells in pulmonary diseases that are facilitated by the recent development of a broad range of cutting edge in vitro and in vivo research tools and approaches, including mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, human induced pluripotent cell (iPS cell) models of disease, haploid cells for genetic as well as compound screening paradigms, genetically engineered mice, and stem cell transplantation to cure diseases. Stem Cell Innovation in Health and Disease: Volume 2: The Lung, contains two major sections describing cutting edge research for understanding stem cell functions in the lung and respiratory system, and for developing methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside; respectively. Each section includes insights ranging from using mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, and human induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs) to study stem cell functions and model lung diseases, through the cutting-edge research aiming to bring stem cells from bench to bedside, including the potential application of iPSCs, ESCs and blood stem cells (stem cell transplants) in the treatment of lung diseases/disorders. This book, therefore, discusses the fact-based promise of stem cells and regenerative medicine in the lung in the real world. Provides intensive scientific background and most recent information on cutting edge research to understand respiratory stem cell functions and develop methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside for different lung diseases Analyzes the current state, opportunities, and challenges of innovative technologies and stem cells from bench to bed, including organoids and iPSC-derived alveolar epithelia cell therapy in the lung Contains two major sections describing cutting-edge research for understanding stem cell functions and for developing methods specific to the lung

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases Book
Author : Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-06
ISBN : 0128197137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases provides a contemporary overview of the fast-moving field of MSC biology, regenerative medicine and therapeutics. MSCs offer the potential to dramatically reduce human suffering from disease. Numerous MSC-based studies are ongoing each year, each offering hope for novel treatments in human disease. This book provides information on MSC application in well-studied human diseases and tissue repair/regeneration and recent advances in their research and treatment. These discoveries are placed within the structural context of tissue and developmental biology in sections dealing with recent advances in our understanding of MSC biology. Includes insights ranging from MSC biology and development through the derivation and identification and properties of MSCs Helps to identify potential innovative solutions for restoring normal morphogenesis and/or regeneration of diseased organs Discusses the fact-based promise of MSC therapeutics and regenerative medicine in the real world

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 012818728X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and concise reference on all aspects of gastroenterology and hepatology, including the organs in the gastrointestinal system, their functions in health and disease, and strategies or procedures to resolve or prevent problems and disease. This concise, up-to-date information includes comprehensive sections on the impact of nutrition, gastrointestinal microbiota, lifestyle, commonly used drugs, and surgical procedures on health and disease. Since the first edition, attention to the roles of nutrition and gastrointestinal microorganisms (microbiota, formerly Microbiota) in health and disease has skyrocketed. In addition, an entirely new section on obesity and diabetes is included. Presents comprehensive coverage of every topic within gastroenterology Offers researchers a one-stop, fully-referenced resource to explore questions Includes teaching tools, multimedia and interactive elements Provides readers with multi-layered content and a media-rich learning resource for both instructors and students Covers hot new topics in GI health and disease, including new sections on stem cells, intestinal bacteria, obesity and intestinal microbiota

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine Book
Author : Kenneth Maiese
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-04
ISBN : 0128141190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine: Targeting New Avenues of Care in Development, Aging, and Disease provides a fascinating and in-depth analysis of sirtuins in the body during normal physiology as well during disease highlighting the targeting of sirtuin-controlled pathways for the development of innovative, efficacious, and safe therapeutic strategies for multiple disorders in the body that ultimately can affect lifespan extension. Sirtuins are expressed throughout the body, have broad biological effects, and can significantly impact both cellular survival and longevity during acute and long-term illnesses. These histone deacetylases play an intricate role in the pathology, progression, and treatment of several disease entities ranging from neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, reproductive dysfunction, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal disease, drug dependency, and aging-related disorders. Implementing a translational medicine format, this unique reference highlights novel signaling pathways for sirtuins that promote stem cell proliferation, enhance cellular protection, modulate pathways of apoptosis and autophagy, and extend life span. Each chapter is presented with insightful detail that will be of interest and a comprehensive resource to audiences that include scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who discuss the broad role of sirtuins in health and disease Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for the compelling discipline of sirtuins by covering systems throughout the body Serves as an important resource for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches Book
Author : Ajaykumar Vishwakarma,Jeffrey M Karp
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-22
ISBN : 0128027568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches covers a wide spectrum of research and current knowledge on embryonic and adult stem cell niches, focusing on the understanding of stem cell niche molecules and signaling mechanisms, including cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. The book comprehensively reviews factors regulating stem cell behavior and the corresponding approaches for understanding the subsequent effect of providing the proper matrix molecules, mechanical cues, and/or chemical cues. It encompasses a variety of tools and techniques for developing biomaterials-based methods to model synthetic stem cell niches in vivo, or to enhance and direct stem cell fate in vitro. A final section of the book discusses stem cell niche bioengineering strategies and current advances in each tissue type. Includes the importance of Cell-Cell and Cell Matrix Interactions in each specific tissue and system Authored and edited by authorities in this emerging and multidisciplinary field Includes valuable links to 5-10 minute YouTube© author videos that describe main points

Stem Cells

Stem Cells Book
Author : Nicole Arrighi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-27
ISBN : 0081025882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem Cells: Therapeutic Innovations under Control traces the discovery of stem cells and induced pluripotent cells. It establishes the link between knowledge about cell development and tissue engineering, and presents perspectives in regenerative medicine. Cell proliferation and tissue architecture open up unexpected applications in tissue engineering, with the development of tissues or organs. In this context emerges the need to address the issue of bioethics and regulatory considerations. Because stem cells can multiply and differentiate into cells specific to a particular tissue or organ, they represent vast potential in the health field. Traces the discovery of stem cells to link knowledge of cell development with tissue engineering Presents prospects in regenerative medicine Establishes the link between knowledge about cell development and tissue engineering

Index Medicus

Index Medicus Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Index Medicus book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Micro and Nanoengineering of the Cell Surface

Micro  and Nanoengineering of the Cell Surface Book
Author : Jeffrey M Karp,Weian Zhao
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-05-30
ISBN : 1455731552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro- and Nanoengineering of the Cell Surface explores the direct engineering of cell surfaces, enabling materials scientists and chemists to manipulate or augment cell functions and phenotypes. The book is accessible for readers across industry, academia, and in clinical settings in multiple disciplines, including materials science, engineering, chemistry, biology, and medicine. Written by leaders in the field, it covers numerous cell surface engineering methods along with their current and potential applications in cell therapy, tissue engineering, biosensing, and diagnosis. The interface of chemistry, materials science, and biology presents many opportunities for developing innovative tools to diagnose and treat various diseases. However, cell surface engineering using chemistry and materials science approaches is a new and diverse field. This book provides a full coverage of the subject, introducing the fundamentals of cell membrane biology before exploring the key application areas. Demystifies the direct engineering of cell surfaces, enabling materials scientists and chemists to manipulate or augment cell functions and phenotypes Provides a toolkit of micro- and nanoengineering approaches to the manipulation of the cell surface Unlocks the potential of cell surface manipulation for a range of new applications in the fields of in vitro research, cell therapy, tissue engineering, biosensing, and diagnostics

Essentials of Stem Cell Biology

Essentials of Stem Cell Biology Book
Author : Robert Lanza,Anthony Atala
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-08-31
ISBN : 0124104274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First developed as an accessible abridgement of the successful Handbook of Stem Cells, Essentials of Stem Cell Biology serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners, and students embracing the latest advances in stem cells. Representing the combined effort of 7 editors and more than 200 scholars and scientists whose pioneering work has defined our understanding of stem cells, this book combines the prerequisites for a general understanding of adult and embryonic stem cells with a presentation by the world's experts of the latest research information about specific organ systems. From basic biology/mechanisms, early development, ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm, and methods to the application of stem cells to specific human diseases, regulation and ethics, and patient perspectives, no topic in the field of stem cells is left uncovered. Contributions by Nobel Laureates and leading international investigators Includes two entirely new chapters devoted exclusively to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells written by the scientists who made the breakthrough Edited by a world-renowned author and researcher to present a complete story of stem cells in research, in application, and as the subject of political debate Presented in full color with a glossary, highlighted terms, and bibliographic entries replacing references

From Single Stem Cells to Organoids Organ Repair and Public Health

From Single Stem Cells to Organoids  Organ Repair  and Public Health Book
Author : Lon J. Van Winkle,Philip Iannaccone,Rebecca Ryznar
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-03-09
ISBN : 2889746240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download From Single Stem Cells to Organoids Organ Repair and Public Health book written by Lon J. Van Winkle,Philip Iannaccone,Rebecca Ryznar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cell Therapy

Cell Therapy Book
Author : Dwaine F. Emerich,Gorka Orive
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-25
ISBN : 3319571532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of the field of cell therapy. The volume begins with an overview of the breadth of the field and then turns to overviews of imaging technologies that can aid in both safety and efficacy evaluations. The book then turns to numerous contributions detailing the rapidly growing field of stem cell therapies. These sections cover our understanding of the natural roles of stem cells in biology and human disease and then touches on several of the more prominent areas where stem cells are moving rapidly into clinical evaluation including neurodegenerative diseases, muscular dystrophy, cardiac repair, and diabetes. The volume concludes with contributions from experts in oncology, ophthalmology, stem cells, 3-D printing, and biomaterials where the convergence of expertise is leading to unprecedented insights into how to minutely control the in vivo fate and function of transplanted and/or endogeneously mobilized cells. Finally, the book provides insights into the pivotal relationship between academic and industrial partnerships. This volume is designed to touch on the major areas where the field will make its greatest and most immediate clinical impacts. This text will provide a useful resource for physicians and researchers interested in the rapidly changing filed of cell therapy.

Medical Innovation and Disease Burden

Medical Innovation and Disease Burden Book
Author : Sobin George
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-02-28
ISBN : 1108968228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Striking the right balance between public health priorities and health innovation is a critical policy challenge for India given their mutually conflicting nature and interests. India has a huge burden of diseases implicated by a gamut of health problems including the uneven distribution of demographic and epidemiological transition, threat of new infectious disease pandemic like COVID 19, increasing privatisation of healthcare, low affordability to life saving medicines and most importantly the escalating healthcare expenditure coupled with poor financial risk protection. The central question that the book addresses is whether health innovation in India is sensitive to the public health needs and priorities. It unearths the overriding issues related to responsiveness and equity in India's health innovation. The book highlights the need for a responsible innovation framework for India that balances the priorities of public health and the industry goals.

Mucosal Vaccines

Mucosal Vaccines Book
Author : David W. Pascual
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-19
ISBN : 012811925X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mucosal Vaccines: Innovation for Preventing Infectious Diseases discusses basic knowledge and discovery in the area of mucosal immunology and its related scientific fields. This completely updated, revised and authoritative treatise covers all aspects of mucosal vaccines, including their development, mechanisms of action, molecular/cellular aspects and practical applications. The book is organized in a unique format with basic, clinical and practical aspects described and discussed. The accumulated knowledge and new discoveries on the development of mucosal vaccines are logically introduced and discussed in an easy-to-understand format. Provides the latest views on mucosal vaccines Applies basic and current principles in the field of mucosal immunology and related scientific fields (e.g., microbiology, infectious diseases, systems biology, medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and translational research) to the development of new vaccines Links basic, clinical and practical aspects of mucosal vaccines to different infectious diseases Presents user-friendly organization using attractive illustrations

Departments of Labor Health and Human Services Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015

Departments of Labor  Health and Human Services  Education  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Departments of Labor Health and Human Services Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Parkinson s Disease Therapeutics

Parkinson   s Disease Therapeutics Book
Author : Magisetty Obulesu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-30
ISBN : 0128198834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parkinson’s Disease Therapeutics: Emphasis on Nanotechnological Advances presents the latest information on the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the elderly. Despite remarkable progress in various PD therapeutics, such as microRNAs and brain drug delivery systems, a few limitations impede their success. This book sheds light on the pros and cons of recently developed novel therapeutics. Very few books have highlighted the protective efficacy of natural products, antioxidants, and biomaterial design for other diseases. Emphasizes novel therapeutics for Parkinson’s disease, including nanotechnology, natural products and antioxidants Discusses the pros and cons of recently developed therapy options for Parkinson's Focuses on the efficacy of nanotechnology in overcoming the blood-brain barrier and biomaterial design

Current Catalog

Current Catalog Book
Author : National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-06-29
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Handbook of Stem Cells

Handbook of Stem Cells Book
Author : Anthony Atala,Robert Lanza
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-10-08
ISBN : 0123859425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a complete overview of the field of stem cells, providing the background, tools, methods and experimental protocols needed for further research.

Alterations of Epigenetics and MicroRNAs in Cancer and Cancer Stem Cell

Alterations of Epigenetics and MicroRNAs in Cancer and Cancer Stem Cell Book
Author : Yoshimasa Saito
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-11-10
ISBN : 2889193454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studies have shown that alterations of epigenetics and microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in the initiation and progression of human cancer. Epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes in cancer cells is generally mediated by DNA hypermethylation of CpG island promoter and histone modification such as methylation of histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) and tri-methylation of H3K27. MiRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate expression of various target genes. Specific miRNAs are aberrantly expressed and play roles as tumor suppressors or oncogenes during carcinogenesis. Important tumor suppressor miRNAs are silenced by epigenetic alterations, resulting in activation of target oncogenes in human malignancies. Stem cells have the ability to perpetuate themselves through self-renewal and to generate mature cells of various tissues through differentiation. Accumulating evidence suggests that a subpopulation of cancer cells with distinct stem-like properties is responsible for tumor initiation, invasive growth, and metastasis formation, which is defined as cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells are considered to be resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiation therapy, suggesting that these cells are important targets of cancer therapy. DNA methylation, histone modification and miRNAs may be deeply involved in stem-like properties in cancer cells. Restoring the expression of tumor suppressor genes and miRNAs by chromatin modifying drugs may be a promising therapeutic approach for cancer stem cells. In this Research Topic, we discuss about alterations of epigenetics and miRNAs in cancer and cancer stem cell and understand the molecular mechanism underlying the formation of cancer stem cell, which may provide a novel insight for treatment of refractory cancer.

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States Book
Author : United States. Congress. House
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some vols. include supplemental journals of "such proceedings of the sessions, as, during the time they were depending, were ordered to be kept secret, and respecting which the injunction of secrecy was afterwards taken off by the order of the House."