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Stellate Cells In Health And Disease

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Stellate Cells in Health and Disease

Stellate Cells in Health and Disease Book
Author : Chandrashekhar Gandhi,Massimo Pinzani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-04-10
ISBN : 0128005440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stellate Cells in Health and Disease is a comprehensive reference providing the most up-to-date knowledge and perspectives on the function of stellate cells affecting the liver and other organs. The text presents comprehensive coverage of their already established role in hepatic fibrosis along with the newer emerging evidence for stellate cell participation in the liver cell (hepatocyte) survival and regeneration, hepatic immunobiology, transplant tolerance, and liver cancer. Chapters describe both animal and human research and the relevance of findings from animal research to human pathophysiology, and also contain sections on future directions which will be of special interest to basic and clinical researchers working on liver fibrosis, hepatic biology, and pathobiology. Presents coverage of the mechanisms of liver fibrosis with stellate cells as a target for therapy. Shows stellate cells as a major participant in hepatic immunobiology, including transplantation immunology. Key illustrations show the phenotypical changes in stellate cells in situ and tissue culture, their interactions with other cell types, signaling pathways and demonstrate the functions and roles of stellate cell in pathological processes.

Cooperation of Liver Cells in Health and Disease

Cooperation of Liver Cells in Health and Disease Book
Author : Z. Kmiec
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3642565530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is only during the last decade that the functions of sinusoidal endothelial cells, Kupffer cells, hepatic stellate cells, pit cells and other intrahepatic lymphocytes have been better understood. The development of methods for isolation and co-culturing various types of liver cells has established that they communicate and cooperate via secretion of various intercellular mediators. This monograph summarizes multiple data that suggest the important role of cellular cross-talk for the functions of both normal and diseased liver. Special features of the book include concise presentation of the majority of detailed data in 19 tables. Original schemes allow for the clear illustration of complicated intercellular relationships. This is the first ever presentation of the newly emerging field of liver biology, which is important for hepatic function in health and disease and opens new avenues for therapeutic interventions.

Macrophages Biology and Role in the Pathology of Diseases

Macrophages  Biology and Role in the Pathology of Diseases Book
Author : Subhra K. Biswas,Alberto Mantovani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-12
ISBN : 1493913115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Macrophages are a key component of the innate immune system and play an integral role in host defense and homeostasis. On one hand, these cells contribute to host defence by triggering inflammation, displaying microbicidal/tumoricidal properties, regulating the activation of adaptive immunity and promoting resolution of inflammation. On the other hand, they contribute to essential trophic functions such as neural patterning, bone morphogenesis and ductal branching in mammary glands. Thus, macrophages are extremely versatile cells that can respond efficiently to tissue micro environmental cues by polarizing to distinct phenotypes, depending on the functions they need to perform. Indeed, functional diversity and plasticity are hallmarks of these cells. Macrophages may also play a detrimental role. An overwhelming body of literature has indicated their crucial role in pathogenesis. The list includes sepsis, cancer, metabolic syndrome, immunodeficiency, auto-immune disease-virtually impacting every major pathology that we know. These observations have suggested macrophages and their related molecules as potential targets in therapeutic applications. Available evidence proclaims macrophages as a key player in homeostasis, host defense and disease. Crucial developments in the past few years call for a re-evaluation and update of our understanding of macrophages. The present book is an endeavour that attempts provide state-of-the art knowledge of these cells in health and disease.

Role of Hepatic Stellate Cell expressed Endosialin in Liver Health and Disease

Role of Hepatic Stellate Cell expressed Endosialin in Liver Health and Disease Book
Author : Matthias Wieland
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Role of Hepatic Stellate Cell expressed Endosialin in Liver Health and Disease book written by Matthias Wieland, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Liver

The Liver Book
Author : Irwin M. Arias,Harvey J. Alter,James L. Boyer,David E. Cohen,David A. Shafritz,Snorri S. Thorgeirsson,Allan W. Wolkoff
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 1119436834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridging the gap between basic scientific advances and the understanding of liver disease — the extensively revised new edition of the premier text in the field. The latest edition of The Liver: Biology and Pathobiology remains a definitive volume in the field of hepatology, relating advances in biomedical sciences and engineering to understanding of liver structure, function, and disease pathology and treatment. Contributions from leading researchers examine the cell biology of the liver, the pathobiology of liver disease, the liver’s growth, regeneration, metabolic functions, and more. Now in its sixth edition, this classic text has been exhaustively revised to reflect new discoveries in biology and their influence on diagnosing, managing, and preventing liver disease. Seventy new chapters — including substantial original sections on liver cancer and groundbreaking advances that will have significant impact on hepatology — provide comprehensive, fully up-to-date coverage of both the current state and future direction of hepatology. Topics include liver RNA structure and function, gene editing, single-cell and single-molecule genomic analyses, the molecular biology of hepatitis, drug interactions and engineered drug design, and liver disease mechanisms and therapies. Edited by globally-recognized experts in the field, this authoritative volume: Relates molecular physiology to understanding disease pathology and treatment Links the science and pathology of the liver to practical clinical applications Features 16 new “Horizons” chapters that explore new and emerging science and technology Includes plentiful full-color illustrations and figures The Liver: Biology and Pathobiology, Sixth Edition is an indispensable resource for practicing and trainee hepatologists, gastroenterologists, hepatobiliary and liver transplant surgeons, and researchers and scientists in areas including hepatology, cell and molecular biology, virology, and drug metabolism.

Lung Stem Cells in Development Health and Disease

Lung Stem Cells in Development  Health and Disease Book
Author : Nikolic, Marko Z.,Hogan, Brigid L.M.
Publisher : European Respiratory Society
Release : 2021-04-01
ISBN : 1849841349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most organs in the adult human body are able to maintain themselves and undergo repair after injury; these processes are largely dependent on stem cells. In this Monograph, the Guest Editors bring together leading authors in the field to provide information about the different classes of stem cells present both in the developing and adult lung: where they are found, how they function in homeostasis and pathologic conditions, the mechanisms that regulate their behaviour, and how they may be harnessed for therapeutic purposes. The book focuses on stem cells in the mouse and human lung but also includes the ferret as an increasingly important new model organism. Chapters also discuss how lung tissue, including endogenous stem cells, can be generated in vitro from pluripotent stem cell lines. This state-of-the-art collection comprehensively covers one of the most exciting areas of respiratory science

Vitamin A in Health and Disease

Vitamin A in Health and Disease Book
Author : Rune Blomhoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1994-02-01
ISBN : 9780824791209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews the recent breakthroughs in vitamin A research. Discusses the metabolism of vitamin A; the mechanism of action of vitamin A and the provitamin A carotenoids; the role of retinoids in embryonic development, skin and epithelial cells, blood cells, vision, and reproduction; vitamin A deficiency and teratogenicity; and the anticancer role of vitamin A from an epidemiological point of view. Intended as a source of information for scientists engaged in research in the field of vitamin A.

Tea in Health and Disease Prevention

Tea in Health and Disease Prevention Book
Author : Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-10-01
ISBN : 0123849381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While there have been many claims of the benefits of teas through the years, and while there is nearly universal agreement that drinking tea can benefit health, there is still a concern over whether the lab-generated results are representative of real-life benefit, what the risk of toxicity might be, and what the effective-level thresholds are for various purposes. Clearly there are still questions about the efficacy and use of tea for health benefit. This book presents a comprehensive look at the compounds in black, green, and white teas, their reported benefits (or toxicity risks) and also explores them on a health-condition specific level, providing researchers and academics with a single-volume resource to help in identifying potential treatment uses. No other book on the market considers all the varieties of teas in one volume, or takes the disease-focused approach that will assist in directing further research and studies. Interdisciplinary presentation of material assists in identifying potential cross-over benefits and similarities between tea sources and diseases Assists in identifying therapeutic benefits for new product development Includes coverage and comparison of the most important types of tea - green, black and white

Manganese in Health and Disease

Manganese in Health and Disease Book
Author : Lucio G Costa,Michael Aschner
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-11-27
ISBN : 1782622381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manganese in the diet is nutritionally essential for normal physiologic functioning. However, excessive exposure to manganese has been associated with developmental, neurodegenerative and other disorders. The book comprehensively covers the toxicology of manganese. Leading investigators provide perspectives from toxicology, neuroscience, nutrition, molecular biology and risk assessment disciplines and chapters cover the toxicokinetics, toxicodynamic interactions and health effects of manganese, as well as its potential role in neurodegenerative diseases. A large section devoted to health effects presents the latest research that associates manganese exposure to potential human diseases. Any scientists, health professional or regulator involved with metal exposure and toxicology should find this volume essential reading. Students and researchers in neurotoxicology will also find this book a useful reference.

Stress and Health

Stress and Health Book
Author : William R. Lovallo
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2015-01-29
ISBN : 1483378284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stress and Health: Biological and Psychological Interactions is a brief and accessible examination of psychological stress and its psychophysiological relationships with cognition, emotions, brain functions, and the peripheral mechanisms by which the body is regulated. Updated throughout, the Third Edition covers two new and significant areas of emerging research: how our early life experiences alter key stress responsive systems at the level of gene expression; and what large, normal, and small stress responses may mean for our overall health and well-being.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Book
Author : Costin Teodor Streba,Cristin Constantin Vere,Ion Rogoveanu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-11-28
ISBN : 1789842735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) currently ranks as the third most common cause of death. As the primary malignancy of the liver is directly related to an underlying liver condition, its incidence and profile are expected to change soon. While effective prevention programs and antiviral therapies for hepatitis B and C will lower the incidence of HCC, emerging socioeconomic issues will deliver new at-risk populations. Moreover, diagnostic techniques and protocols have undergone significant advancements. Reliance on contrast enhanced ultrasound has been re-evaluated, imaging methods being considered as sufficient diagnostic tools. Molecular characterization remains desirable, since chemotherapeutic agents still have limited applicability. In light of recent diagnostic advancements and novel therapeutic solutions, it is our belief that a comprehensive update on recent paradigm shifts and interesting upcoming developments is highly needed.

Mitochondria in Health and Diseases

Mitochondria in Health and Diseases Book
Author : Sabzali Javadov,Andrey V Kozlov,Amadou K S Camara
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-09-04
ISBN : 9783039363841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mitochondria are subcellular organelles evolved by the endosymbiosis of bacteria with eukaryotic cells. They are the main source of ATP in the cell and engaged in other aspects of cell metabolism and cell function, including the regulation of ion homeostasis, cell growth, redox status, and cell signaling. Due to their central role in cell life and death, mitochondria are also involved in the pathogenesis and progression of human diseases/conditions, including neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disorders, cancer, diabetes, inflammation, and aging. However, despite the increasing number of studies, precise mechanisms whereby mitochondria are involved in the regulation of basic physiological functions, as well as their role in the cell under pathophysiological conditions, remain unknown. A lack of in-depth knowledge of the regulatory mechanisms of mitochondrial metabolism and function, as well as interplay between the factors that transform the organelle from its role in pro-survival to pro-death, have hindered the development of new mitochondria-targeted pharmacological and conditional approaches for the treatment of human diseases. This book highlights the latest achievements in elucidating the role of mitochondria under physiological conditions, in various cell/animal models of human diseases, and in patients.

Relaxin and Related Peptides

Relaxin and Related Peptides Book
Author : Alexander I. Agoulnik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-19
ISBN : 0387746722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive book contains the latest information on diverse biological functions of relaxin and related peptide found since the recent discovery of relaxin receptors. It also describes the evolution of relaxin family peptides and their receptors, molecular mechanisms of ligand/receptor interaction and the analysis of activated signaling pathways.

The Warburg Effect Regulation Under Siege The Intertwined Pathways in Health and Disease

The Warburg Effect Regulation Under Siege  The Intertwined Pathways in Health and Disease Book
Author : Concetta Bubici,Salvatore Papa
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-10-17
ISBN : 2889630013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many cells, including immune, neuronal, cancer and stem cells, become dependent on aerobic glycolysis to escape apoptosis and accommodate their bioenergetics needs. How this metabolic change, also known as the Warburg effect, is regulated remains largely unknown. The Warburg effect has been widely investigated in cancer cells where it was first observed with the aim of decoding the molecular networks controlling its activation for therapeutic purposes. This Research Topic aimed to discuss and review all the intracellular signaling regulating the Warburg effect in cancerous and normal non-cancerous cells though original research articles, mini reviews and reviews.

Discoidin Domain Receptors in Health and Disease

Discoidin Domain Receptors in Health and Disease Book
Author : Rafael Fridman,Paul H. Huang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-13
ISBN : 149396383X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interactions of cells with their surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a pivotal role in driving normal cell behavior, from development to tissue differentiation and function. At the cellular level, organ homeostasis depends on a productive communication between cells and ECM, which eventually leads to the normal phenotypic repertoire that characterize each cell type in the organism. A failure to establish these normal interactions and to interpret the cues emanating from the ECM is one of the major causes in abnormal development and the pathogenesis of multiple diseases. To recognize and act upon the biophysical signals that are generated by the cross talk between cells and ECM, the cells developed specific receptors, among them a unique set of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), known as the Discoidin Domain Receptors (DDRs). The DDRs are the only RTKs that specifically bind to and are activated by collagen, a major protein component of the ECM. Hence, the DDRs are part of the signaling networks that translate information from the ECM, and thus they are key regulators of cell-matrix interactions. Under physiological conditions, DDRs control cell and tissue homeostasis by acting on collagen sensors; transducing signals that regulate cell polarity, tissue morphogenesis, cell differentiation, and collagen deposition. DDRs play a key role in diseases that are characterized by dysfunction of the stromal component, which lead to abnormal collagen deposition and the resulting fibrotic response that disrupt normal organ function in disease of the cardiovascular system, lungs and kidneys, just to mention a few. In cancer, DDRs are hijacked by tumor and stromal cells to disrupt normal cell-collagen communication and initiate pro-oncogenic programs. Importantly, several cancer types exhibit DDR mutations, which are thought to alter receptor function, and contribute to cancer progression. Therefore, the strong causative association between altered RTK function and disease it is been translated today in the development of specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting DDRs for various disease conditions. In spite of the accumulating evidence highlighting the importance of DDRs in health and diseases, there is still much to learn about these unique RTKs, as of today there is a lack in the medical literature of a book dedicated solely to DDRs. This is the first comprehensive volume dedicated to DDRs, which will fill a gap in the field and serve those interested in the scientific community to learn more about these important receptors in health and disease.

Reverse Liver Cirrhosis in 90 Days

Reverse Liver Cirrhosis in 90 Days Book
Author : Nirmal Raghavan
Publisher : Independently Published
Release : 2018-11-11
ISBN : 9781731163479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Normally, you would get a new liver every six weeks. That is how fast a liver can regenerate. But, due to many factors like processed food, drugs, alcohol etc, you lose the beneficial microbes responsible for supplying nutrients for regeneration of liver cells. In liver cirrhosis pathology, the activation of hepatic stellate cells is a pivotal event in fibrosis. This is a well-known fact and many recent research works establish some potent herb's abilities to attenuate the hepatic stellate cell activation. This book offers you a step by step ancient procedure to cure fatty liver and advanced liver diseases with its importance in rejuvenating a healthy gut flora presented on a purely scientific background.

Network Neuroscience

Network Neuroscience Book
Author : Flavio Fröhlich
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-20
ISBN : 0128015861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studying brain networks has become a truly interdisciplinary endeavor, attracting students and seasoned researchers alike from a wide variety of academic backgrounds. What has been lacking is an introductory textbook that brings together the different fields and provides a gentle introduction to the major concepts and findings in the emerging field of network neuroscience. Network Neuroscience is a one-stop-shop that is of equal use to the neurobiologist, who is interested in understanding the quantitative methods employed in network neuroscience, and to the physicist or engineer, who is interested in neuroscience applications of mathematical and engineering tools. The book spans 27 chapters that cover everything from individual cells all the way to complex network disorders such as depression and autism spectrum disorders. An additional 12 toolboxes provide the necessary background for making network neuroscience accessible independent of the reader’s background. Dr. Flavio Frohlich (www.networkneuroscientist.org) wrote this book based on his experience of mentoring dozens of trainees in the Frohlich Lab, from undergraduate students to senior researchers. The Frohlich lab (www.frohlichlab.org) pursues a unique and integrated vision that combines computer simulations, animal model studies, human studies, and clinical trials with the goal of developing novel brain stimulation treatments for psychiatric disorders. The book is based on a course he teaches at UNC that has attracted trainees from many different departments, including neuroscience, biomedical engineering, psychology, cell biology, physiology, neurology, and psychiatry. Dr. Frohlich has consistently received rave reviews for his teaching. With this book he hopes to make his integrated view of neuroscience available to trainees and researchers on a global scale. His goal is to make the book the training manual for the next generation of (network) neuroscientists, who will be fusing biology, engineering, and medicine to unravel the big questions about the brain and to revolutionize psychiatry and neurology. Easy-to-read, comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of network neuroscience Includes 27 chapters packed with information on topics from single neurons to complex network disorders such as depression and autism Features 12 toolboxes serve as primers to provide essential background knowledge in the fields of biology, mathematics, engineering, and physics

Magnetic Resonance Elastography

Magnetic Resonance Elastography Book
Author : Sudhakar K. Venkatesh,Richard L. Ehman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 1493915754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book to cover the groundbreaking development and clinical applications of Magnetic Resonance Elastography, this book is essential for all practitioners interested in this revolutionary diagnostic modality. The book is divided into three sections. The first covers the history of MRE. The second covers technique and clinical applications of MRE in the liver with respect to fibrosis, liver masses, and other diseases. Case descriptions are presented to give the reader a hands-on approach. The final section presents the techniques, sequence and preliminary results of applications in other areas of the body including muscle, brain, lung, heart, and breast.

Microcirculation Revisited

Microcirculation Revisited Book
Author : Helena Lenasi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-10-26
ISBN : 9535127306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides a comprehensive overview of selected topics in microcirculation, from physiology to pathophysiology including molecular mechanisms and clinical aspects. It contains 10 chapters written by reputed authors, which comprehensively sum up the current knowledge and some interesting new insights in the field of microcirculation. It will be useful to a broad range of audience, from students to highly profiled experts, helping them to expand their knowledge on microcirculation and opening up additional questions for further investigation.

Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease

Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease Book
Author : Giamila Fantuzzi,Carol Braunschweig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-25
ISBN : 1627037705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of adipose tissue biology has been expanding at a very rapid pace in the last few years. Numerous advances have been made since publication of the first edition of this book, in terms of basic adipocyte biology, understanding of the determinants of obesity, distribution of body fat and weight loss, as well as the mechanisms linking excess adiposity to various co-morbidities. Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease, Second Edition contains updated chapters from the previous volume but as the field has evolved, some areas covered in the first edition have been refocused to address the new knowledge. The volume is divided in four sections: the first two deal with basic adipose tissue and adipokine biology, while the last two address the problem of obesity and alterations in adipose tissue function from an epidemiological and clinical standpoint. The chapters are written by experts in their fields and include the most up to date scientific information. Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease, Second Edition is a useful resource for physicians interested in adipose tissue biology and basic scientists who want to know more about applied aspects of the field. The book targets endocrinologists, residents and fellows, internists, nutritionists and general practitioners who are exposed to an ever-expanding obese population.