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Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking

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Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking

Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking Book
Author : Yuxi Zhao,Weiliang Jin
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-03-24
ISBN : 9780128091975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking" presents the latest advances in the origin, mechanism and development of corrosion-induced cracking in concrete. It investigates topics including expansion coefficient and elastic modulus of steel corrosion, rust layer and rust distribution, spatial distribution of corrosion products, the shape of corrosion-induced cracks and so on. This book concludes by proposing an improved corrosion-induced cracking model, which considers the phenomena of the simultaneous occurrence of corrosion layer accumulation and corrosion filling in concrete. This book will be a valuable reference book for researchers and graduate students in the field of concrete durability and concrete structure, and industry engineers who are concerned with the deterioration mechanisms and the life cycle of reinforced concrete structures. Proposes a new corrosion-induced concrete cracking model, which takes into account the phenomenon of the simultaneous occurrence of corrosion layer accumulation and corrosion filling paste.Investigates the parameters and values of expansion coefficients and elastic modulus of steel corrosion, which enables a more rational prediction of concrete surface cracking Introduces the use of the Gaussian function to describe the non-uniform spatial distribution of corrosion products.

Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking

Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking Book
Author : Yuxi Zhao,Weiliang Jin
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-03-08
ISBN : 0128092106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking presents the latest advances in the origin, mechanism and development of corrosion-induced cracking in concrete. It investigates topics including expansion coefficient and elastic modulus of steel corrosion, rust layer and rust distribution, spatial distribution of corrosion products, the shape of corrosion-induced cracks and so on. This book concludes by proposing an improved corrosion-induced cracking model, which considers the phenomena of the simultaneous occurrence of corrosion layer accumulation and corrosion filling in concrete. This book will be a valuable reference book for researchers and graduate students in the field of concrete durability and concrete structure, and industry engineers who are concerned with the deterioration mechanisms and the life cycle of reinforced concrete structures. Proposes a new corrosion-induced concrete cracking model, which takes into account the phenomenon of the simultaneous occurrence of corrosion layer accumulation and corrosion filling paste. Investigates the parameters and values of expansion coefficients and elastic modulus of steel corrosion, which enables a more rational prediction of concrete surface cracking Introduces the use of the Gaussian function to describe the non-uniform spatial distribution of corrosion products.

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures Book
Author : Amir Poursaee
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-17
ISBN : 1782424024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion of reinforcing steel is now recognized as the major cause of degradation of concrete structures in many parts of the world. Despite this, infrastructure expenditure is being unreasonably decreased by sequestration and the incredible shrinking discretionary budget. All components of our infrastructure including highways, airports, water supply, waste treatment, energy supply, and power generation require significant investment and are subjected to degradation by corrosion, which significantly reduces the service life, reliability, functionality of structures and equipment, and safety. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures provides a comprehensive review of the subject, in addition to recent advances in research and technological developments, from reinforcing materials to measurement techniques and modelling. This book contains not only all the important aspects in the field of corrosion of steel reinforced concrete but also discusses new topics and future trends. Part One of the book tackles theoretical concepts of corrosion of steel in concrete structures. The second part moves on to analyse the variety of reinforcing materials and concrete, including stainless steel and galvanized steel. Part Three covers measurements and evaluations, such as electrochemical techniques and acoustic emission. Part Four reviews protection and maintenance methods, whilst the final section analyses modelling, latest developments and future trends in the field. The book is essential reading for researchers, practitioners and engineers who are involved in materials characterisation and corrosion of steel in concrete structures. Provides comprehensive coverage on a broad range of topics related to the corrosion of steel bars in concrete Discusses the latest measuring methods and advanced modeling techniques Reviews the range of reinforcing materials and types of concrete

Corrosion and its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion and its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures Book
Author : Raoul Francois,Stéphane Laurens,Fabrice Deby
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-01-16
ISBN : 0081023456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as an indispensable guide for engineers, scientists and researchers, exploring the fundamental aspects of corrosion in reinforced concrete. Its originality lies in the coupling between the reinforcement corrosion of reinforced concrete and its mechanical behavior.The authors describe the specific theoretical foundations of the corrosion of steel in concrete and its interactions with the structural aspects, including service cracking and defects in the placement of concrete. The book contains a study of the mechanisms of degradation of the mechanical behavior of reinforcements and the reinforced concrete composite, such as reduction of ductility, bearing capacity, redistribution of efforts by formation of plastic hinges and increase in the beam deflection in service. A diagnostic method based on corrosion-induced crack detection is presented in the book, and then paired with a recalculation method which allows us to predict the different aspects of the residual mechanical behavior. Several end-of-life ELS and ELU criteria are described, and the authors propose an approach to estimate the residual lifetime. Finally, the book presents the cathodic protection that allows the progression of corrosion to be contained within the corroded structures. As well as academics, this book is aimed at civil engineers who are faced with the issue of corrosion in aging structures. Explores corrosion in concrete Examines the influence of pre-cracks on corrosion Discusses corrosion diagnostics and corrosion-induced cracks Presents residual mechanical properties of corroded structures: effect of corrosion on steel behavior, load-bearing capacity, yielding capacity, deflection of corroded beams and the effect of corrosion on bond Provides repair and maintenance considerations: cathodic protection and carbon fiber reinforced polymer used to strengthen and restore bearing capacity

Chloride Induced Steel Corrosion in Concrete Under Service Loads

Chloride Induced Steel Corrosion in Concrete Under Service Loads Book
Author : Hailong Ye,Chuanqing Fu,Ye Tian,Nanguo Jin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-27
ISBN : 9811541086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the latest advances in understanding chloride ingress and steel corrosion in concrete under service loads. Unlike the existing literature, it focuses specifically on the effect of service loads on chloride-induced durability issues in reinforced concrete structures. It discusses how service loads affect the moisture and chloride penetration rate, corrosion kinetics and rust distribution, as well as the structural performance of concrete components (e.g. beams and columns) in a systematic and hierarchical way. Given its scope, the book is chiefly intended for researchers and industry practitioners in structural engineering, particularly those whose work involves the durability design of concrete structures.

Bridge Maintenance Safety Management Life Cycle Sustainability and Innovations

Bridge Maintenance  Safety  Management  Life Cycle Sustainability and Innovations Book
Author : Hiroshi Yokota,Dan M. Frangopol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-20
ISBN : 1000173755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Life-Cycle Sustainability and Innovations contains lectures and papers presented at the Tenth International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS 2020), held in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, April 11–15, 2021. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB card containing the full papers of 571 contributions presented at IABMAS 2020, including the T.Y. Lin Lecture, 9 Keynote Lectures, and 561 technical papers from 40 countries. The contributions presented at IABMAS 2020 deal with the state of the art as well as emerging concepts and innovative applications related to the main aspects of maintenance, safety, management, life-cycle sustainability and technological innovations of bridges. Major topics include: advanced bridge design, construction and maintenance approaches, safety, reliability and risk evaluation, life-cycle management, life-cycle sustainability, standardization, analytical models, bridge management systems, service life prediction, maintenance and management strategies, structural health monitoring, non-destructive testing and field testing, safety, resilience, robustness and redundancy, durability enhancement, repair and rehabilitation, fatigue and corrosion, extreme loads, and application of information and computer technology and artificial intelligence for bridges, among others. This volume provides both an up-to-date overview of the field of bridge engineering and significant contributions to the process of making more rational decisions on maintenance, safety, management, life-cycle sustainability and technological innovations of bridges for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. The Editors hope that these Proceedings will serve as a valuable reference to all concerned with bridge structure and infrastructure systems, including engineers, researchers, academics and students from all areas of bridge engineering.

Steel Corrosion and Degradation of its Mechanical Properties

Steel Corrosion and Degradation of its Mechanical Properties Book
Author : Chun-Qing Li,Wei Yang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-19
ISBN : 1000437094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the state-of-the-art-knowledge on corrosion of steel, cast iron and ductile iron with a focus on corrosion-induced degradation of their mechanical properties. The information presented in the book is largely derived from the most current research on the effect of corrosion on degradation of mechanical properties. The book covers the basics of steel corrosion, including that of cast iron and ductile iron, that are not well covered in most literature. Models for corrosion-induced degradation of mechanical properties are presented in the book with a view to wider applications. The knowledge presented in the book can be used to prevent corrosion-induced failures of corrosion-affected structures, offering enormous benefits to the industry, business, society and community. Key strengths of the book are that it can be employed by a variety of users for different purposes in designing and assessing corrosion-affected structures, and that the knowledge and techniques presented in the book can be easily applied by users in dealing with corrosion-affected structures, and the uniqueness in examining the corrosion effect on degradation of various mechanical properties. Wtih examples of practical applications, the book is particularly useful for all stakeholders involved in steel manufacturing and construction, including engineering students, academicians, researchers, practitioners and asset managers.

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Book
Author : Luca Bertolini,Bernhard Elsener,Pietro Pedeferri,Elena Redaelli,Rob B. Polder
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-26
ISBN : 3527651713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Steel-reinforced concrete is used ubiquitously as a building material due to its unique combination of the high compressive strength of concrete and the high tensile strength of steel. Therefore, reinforced concrete is an ideal composite material that is used for a wide range of applications in structural engineering such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, harbor quays, foundations, tanks and pipes. To ensure durability of these structures, however, measures must be taken to prevent, diagnose and, if necessary, repair damage to the material especially due to corrosion of the steel reinforcement. The book examines the different aspects of corrosion of steel in concrete, starting from basic and essential mechanisms of the phenomenon, moving up to practical consequences for designers, contractors and owners both for new and existing reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. It covers general aspects of corrosion and protection of reinforcement, forms of attack in the presence of carbonation and chlorides, problems of hydrogen embrittlement as well as techniques of diagnosis, monitoring and repair. This second edition updates the contents with recent findings on the different topics considered and bibliographic references, with particular attention to recent European standards. This book is a self-contained treatment for civil and construction engineers, material scientists, advanced students and architects concerned with the design and maintenance of reinforced concrete structures. Readers will benefit from the knowledge, tools, and methods needed to understand corrosion in reinforced concrete and how to prevent it or keep it within acceptable limits.

Sustainable Construction

Sustainable Construction Book
Author : Víctor Yepes,Tatiana García-Segura
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-05-20
ISBN : 3036504826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Construction is one of the main sectors that generates greenhouse gases. This industry consumes large amounts of raw materials, such as stone, timber, water, etc. Additionally, infrastructure should provide service over many years without safety problems. Therefore, their correct design, construction, maintenance, and dismantling are essential to reducing economic, environmental, and societal consequences. That is why promoting sustainable construction has recently become extremely important. To help address and resolve these types of questions, this book explores new ways of reducing the environmental impacts caused by the construction sector, as well promotes social progress and economic growth. The chapters collect the papers included in the “Sustainable Construction” Special Issue of the Sustainability journal. The papers cover a wide spectrum of issues related to the use of sustainable materials in construction, the optimization of designs based con sustainable indicators, the life-cycle assessment, the decision-making processes that integrate economic, social, and environmental aspects, and the promotion of durable materials that reduce future maintenance.

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering Towards an Integrated Vision

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering  Towards an Integrated Vision Book
Author : Robby Caspeele,Luc Taerwe,Dan M. Frangopol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-31
ISBN : 1351857568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2018, the Sixth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2018), held in Ghent, Belgium, October 28-31, 2018. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB device with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, 8 keynote lectures, and 390 technical papers from all over the world. Contributions relate to design, inspection, assessment, maintenance or optimization in the framework of life-cycle analysis of civil engineering structures and infrastructure systems. Life-cycle aspects that are developed and discussed range from structural safety and durability to sustainability, serviceability, robustness and resilience. Applications relate to buildings, bridges and viaducts, highways and runways, tunnels and underground structures, off-shore and marine structures, dams and hydraulic structures, prefabricated design, infrastructure systems, etc. During the IALCCE2018 conference a particular focus is put on the cross-fertilization between different sub-areas of expertise and the development of an overall vision for life-cycle analysis in civil engineering. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source of cutting edge information for anyone interested in life-cycle analysis and assessment in civil engineering, including researchers, practising engineers, consultants, contractors, decision makers and representatives from local authorities.

Computational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures

Computational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures Book
Author : Günther Meschke,Bernhard Pichler,Jan G. Rots
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-05-19
ISBN : 100064474X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures contains the contributions to the EURO-C 2022 conference (Vienna, Austria, 23-26 May 2022). The papers review and discuss research advancements and assess the applicability and robustness of methods and models for the analysis and design of concrete, fibre-reinforced and prestressed concrete structures, as well as masonry structures. Recent developments include methods of machine learning, novel discretisation methods, probabilistic models, and consideration of a growing number of micro-structural aspects in multi-scale and multi-physics settings. In addition, trends towards the material scale with new fibres and 3D printable concretes, and life-cycle oriented models for ageing and durability of existing and new concrete infrastructure are clearly visible. Overall computational robustness of numerical predictions and mathematical rigour have further increased, accompanied by careful model validation based on respective experimental programmes. The book will serve as an important reference for both academics and professionals, stimulating new research directions in the field of computational modelling of concrete and its application to the analysis of concrete structures. EURO-C 2022 is the eighth edition of the EURO-C conference series after Innsbruck 1994, Bad Gastein 1998, St. Johann im Pongau 2003, Mayrhofen 2006, Schladming 2010, St. Anton am Arlberg 2014, and Bad Hofgastein 2018. The overarching focus of the conferences is on computational methods and numerical models for the analysis of concrete and concrete structures.

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures Book
Author : H Böhni
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-01-20
ISBN : 1845690435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reinforced concrete has the potential to be very durable and capable of withstanding a variety of adverse environmental conditions. However, failures in the structures do still occur as a result of premature reinforcement corrosion. In this authoritative book the fundamental aspects of this complex process are analysed; focusing on corrosion of the reinforcing steel, and looking particularly, at new scientific and technological developments. Monitoring techniques, including the newly developed online-monitoring, are examined, as well as the numerical methods used to simulate corrosion and perform parameter studies. The influence of composition and microstructure of concrete on corrosion behaviour is explored. The second half of the book, which deals with corrosion prevention methods, starts with a discussion on stainless steels as reinforcement materials. There are comprehensive reviews of the use of surface treatments and coatings, of the application of corrosion inhibitors and of the application of electrochemical techniques. In each case the necessary scientific fundamentals are explained and practical instances of use are looked at. This is an invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete. Fundamental aspects of corrosion in concrete are analysed in detail Explores how to minimise the effects of corrosion in concrete Invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete

Sustainable Buildings and Structures

Sustainable Buildings and Structures Book
Author : Stephen P. Wilkinson,Jun Xia,Chen Bing
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-07
ISBN : 1315647133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Buildings and Structures collects the contributions presented at the 1st International Conference on Sustainable Buildings and Structures (Suzhou, China, 29 October-1 November 2016). The book aims to share thoughts and ideas on sustainable approaches to urban planning, engineering design and construction. The topics discussed include:-

Time Dependent Reliability Theory and Its Applications

Time Dependent Reliability Theory and Its Applications Book
Author : Chun-Qing Li,Wei Yang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-10-28
ISBN : 0323860168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time-Dependent Reliability Theory and Its Applications introduces the theory of time-dependent reliability and presents methods to determine the reliability of structures over the lifespan of their services. The book contains state-of-the-art solutions to first passage probability derived from the theory of stochastic processes with different types of probability distribution functions, including Gaussian and non-Gaussian distributions and stationary and non-stationary processes. In addition, it provides various methods to determine the probability of failure over time, considering different failure modes and a methodology to predict the service life of structures. Sections also cover the applications of time-dependent reliability to prediction of service life and development of risk cost-optimized maintenance strategy for existing structures. This new book is for those who wants to know how to predict the service life of a structure (buildings, bridges, aircraft structures, etc.) and how to develop a risk-cost, optimized maintenance strategy for these structures. Presents the basic knowledge required to predict service life and develop a maintenance strategy for infrastructure Explains how to predict the remaining safe life of the infrastructure during its lifespan of operation Describes how to carry out maintenance for an infrastructure to ensure its safe and serviceable operation during the designed service life

Proceedings of the 5th International Conference in Rehabilitation and Maintenance in Civil Engineering

Proceedings of the 5th International Conference in Rehabilitation and Maintenance in Civil Engineering Book
Author : Stefanus Adi Kristiawan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 981169348X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of papers presented at the 5th International Conference on Rehabilitation and Maintenance in Civil Engineering (ICRMCE 2021), held in Surakarta, Indonesia. The papers are grouped into sequential themes representing the structure of this book: o Part 1: Factors affecting building and infrastructure performance o Part 2: Testing and inspection of existing building and infrastructure o Part 3: Protection, maintenance, repair, and retrofitting of building and infrastructure o Part 4: Maintenance management of building and infrastructure o Part 5: Service life modelling of building and infrastructure o Part 6: Hazard mitigation o Part 7: Sustainability aspect in civil engineering design, process, modelling, maintenance, and rehabilitation Postgraduate students, researchers, and practitioners specializing and working in the area of protection, maintenance, repair, and retrofitting of civil engineering infrastructures will find this book very useful.

Corrosion Rates of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion Rates of Steel in Concrete Book
Author : Neal Steven Berke,Victor Chaker,The symposium on corrosion rates of steel in concrete
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0803114583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion Rates of Steel in Concrete book written by Neal Steven Berke,Victor Chaker,The symposium on corrosion rates of steel in concrete, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Construction Materials 2007

Advances in Construction Materials 2007 Book
Author : Christian U. Grosse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-14
ISBN : 3540724486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a compilation of recent research results on building construction materials. Civil Engineers and Materials Scientists from all over the world present their ideas for further material developments, the testing of structures and solutions for in situ applications. Many of the innovations, composites and the design of existing material mixes, especially for concrete, are discussed.

Recent Trends in Civil Engineering

Recent Trends in Civil Engineering Book
Author : Bibhuti Bhusan Das,Sreejith V. Nanukuttan,Anil K. Patnaik,Neena Shekhar Panandikar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-23
ISBN : 9811582939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises select peer-reviewed proceedings of the International Conference Trending Moments and Steer Forces – Civil Engineering Today (TMSF 2019). It presents latest research in different domains of civil engineering like structural and concrete engineering, geotechnical engineering, transportation engineering, environmental engineering, and construction technology and management. The contents also include miscellaneous applications of civil engineering in a wide range of technical and societal problems making use of engineering principles and relational data structures involving measurement sciences. Given the range of topics covered, this book can be useful for students, researchers as well as practitioners working in the field of civil engineering.

Public Roads

Public Roads Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Public Roads book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bridge Design Assessment and Monitoring

Bridge Design  Assessment and Monitoring Book
Author : Airong Chen,Dan M. Frangopol,Xin Ruan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1351208780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridges play important role in modern infrastructural system. This book provides an up-to-date overview of the field of bridge engineering, as well as the recent significant contributions to the process of making rational decisions in bridge design, assessment and monitoring and resources optimization deployment for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. Tang specifies the purposes and requirements of the conceptual bridge design, considering bridge types, basic elements, structural systems and load conditions. Cremona and Poulin propose an assessment procedure for existing bridges. Kallias et al. develop a framework for the performance assessment of metallic bridges under atmospheric exposure by integrating coating deterioration and corrosion modelling. Soriano et al. employ a simplified approach to estimate the maximum traffic load effect on a highway bridge and compare the results with other approaches based on on-site weigh-in-motion data. Akiyama et al. propose a method for reliability-based durability design and service life assessment of reinforced concrete deck slab of jetty structures. Chen et al. propose a meso-scale model to simulate the uniform and pitting corrosion of rebar in concrete and to obtain the crack patterns of the concrete with different rebar arrangements. Ruan et al. present a traffic load model for long span multi-pylon cable- stayed bridges. Khuc and Catbas implement a non-target vision- based method for the measurement of both static and dynamic displacements time histories. Finally, Cruz presents the career of the outstanding bridge engineer Edgar Cardoso in the fields of bridge design and experimental analysis. The book serves as a valuable reference to all concerned with bridge structure and infrastructure systems, including students, researchers, engineers, consultants and contractors from all areas sections of bridge engineering. The chapters originally published as a special issue in Structure and Infrastructure Engineering.