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Statistical Modelling Using Local Gaussian Approximation

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Stochastic Models Statistics and Their Applications

Stochastic Models  Statistics and Their Applications Book
Author : Ansgar Steland,Ewaryst Rafajłowicz,Krzysztof Szajowski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-04
ISBN : 3319138812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the latest advances and trends in stochastic models and related statistical procedures. Selected peer-reviewed contributions focus on statistical inference, quality control, change-point analysis and detection, empirical processes, time series analysis, survival analysis and reliability, statistics for stochastic processes, big data in technology and the sciences, statistical genetics, experiment design, and stochastic models in engineering. Stochastic models and related statistical procedures play an important part in furthering our understanding of the challenging problems currently arising in areas of application such as the natural sciences, information technology, engineering, image analysis, genetics, energy and finance, to name but a few. This collection arises from the 12th Workshop on Stochastic Models, Statistics and Their Applications, Wroclaw, Poland.

Handbook of Research on Cloud Computing and Big Data Applications in IoT

Handbook of Research on Cloud Computing and Big Data Applications in IoT Book
Author : Gupta, B. B.,Agrawal, Dharma P.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-04-12
ISBN : 1522584080
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today, cloud computing, big data, and the internet of things (IoT) are becoming indubitable parts of modern information and communication systems. They cover not only information and communication technology but also all types of systems in society including within the realms of business, finance, industry, manufacturing, and management. Therefore, it is critical to remain up-to-date on the latest advancements and applications, as well as current issues and challenges. The Handbook of Research on Cloud Computing and Big Data Applications in IoT is a pivotal reference source that provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings on principles, challenges, and applications of cloud computing, big data, and IoT. While highlighting topics such as fog computing, language interaction, and scheduling algorithms, this publication is ideally designed for software developers, computer engineers, scientists, professionals, academicians, researchers, and students.

Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics

Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics Book
Author : Tshilidzi Marwala,Ilyes Boulkaibet,Sondipon Adhikari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-23
ISBN : 111915300X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics: Applications to Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering Tshilidzi Marwala and Ilyes Boulkaibet, University of Johannesburg, South Africa Sondipon Adhikari, Swansea University, UK Covers the probabilistic finite element model based on Bayesian statistics with applications to aeronautical and mechanical engineering Finite element models are used widely to model the dynamic behaviour of many systems including in electrical, aerospace and mechanical engineering. The book covers probabilistic finite element model updating, achieved using Bayesian statistics. The Bayesian framework is employed to estimate the probabilistic finite element models which take into account of the uncertainties in the measurements and the modelling procedure. The Bayesian formulation achieves this by formulating the finite element model as the posterior distribution of the model given the measured data within the context of computational statistics and applies these in aeronautical and mechanical engineering. Probabilistic Finite Element Model Updating Using Bayesian Statistics contains simple explanations of computational statistical techniques such as Metropolis-Hastings Algorithm, Slice sampling, Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, hybrid Monte Carlo as well as Shadow Hybrid Monte Carlo and their relevance in engineering. Key features: Contains several contributions in the area of model updating using Bayesian techniques which are useful for graduate students. Explains in detail the use of Bayesian techniques to quantify uncertainties in mechanical structures as well as the use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques to evaluate the Bayesian formulations. The book is essential reading for researchers, practitioners and students in mechanical and aerospace engineering.

Biomedical Image Segmentation

Biomedical Image Segmentation Book
Author : Ayman El-Baz,Xiaoyi Jiang,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-17
ISBN : 1482258560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As one of the most important tasks in biomedical imaging, image segmentation provides the foundation for quantitative reasoning and diagnostic techniques. A large variety of different imaging techniques, each with its own physical principle and characteristics (e.g., noise modeling), often requires modality-specific algorithmic treatment. In recent years, substantial progress has been made to biomedical image segmentation. Biomedical image segmentation is characterized by several specific factors. This book presents an overview of the advanced segmentation algorithms and their applications.

Engineering Geology and the Environment

Engineering Geology and the Environment Book
Author : G.C. Koukis,P.G. Marinos,G.C. Stourna,G.C. Tsiambaos
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-01-01
ISBN : 9789058091970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composed of the proceedings of a symposium on engineering geology and the environment, held in Athens in June, 1997, this work provides a survey of trends in engineering geology, and an interdisciplinary collaboration with hydrogeology, geochemistry, geomorphology, and soil and rock mechanics.

Multiple point Geostatistics

Multiple point Geostatistics Book
Author : Professor Gregoire Mariethoz,Jef Caers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-16
ISBN : 1118662938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to multiple-point geostatistics, where spatial continuity is described using training images. Multiple-point geostatistics aims at bridging the gap between physical modelling/realism and spatio-temporal stochastic modelling. The book provides an overview of this new field in three parts. Part I presents a conceptual comparison between traditional random function theory and stochastic modelling based on training images, where random function theory is not always used. Part II covers in detail various algorithms and methodologies starting from basic building blocks in statistical science and computer science. Concepts such as non-stationary and multi-variate modeling, consistency between data and model, the construction of training images and inverse modelling are treated. Part III covers three example application areas, namely, reservoir modelling, mineral resources modelling and climate model downscaling. This book will be an invaluable reference for students, researchers and practitioners of all areas of the Earth Sciences where forecasting based on spatio-temporal data is performed.

Market Microstructure

Market Microstructure Book
Author : Frédéric Abergel,Jean-Philippe Bouchaud,Thierry Foucault,Charles-Albert Lehalle,Mathieu Rosenbaum
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-03
ISBN : 1119952786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest cutting-edge research on market microstructure Based on the December 2010 conference on market microstructure, organized with the help of the Institut Louis Bachelier, this guide brings together the leading thinkers to discuss this important field of modern finance. It provides readers with vital insight on the origin of the well-known anomalous "stylized facts" in financial prices series, namely heavy tails, volatility, and clustering, and illustrates their impact on the organization of markets, execution costs, price impact, organization liquidity in electronic markets, and other issues raised by high-frequency trading. World-class contributors cover topics including analysis of high-frequency data, statistics of high-frequency data, market impact, and optimal trading. This is a must-have guide for practitioners and academics in quantitative finance.

Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis

Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Book
Author : Jorge S. Marques
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-05-23
ISBN : 3540261532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two-volume set LNCS 3522 and 3523 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, IbPRIA 2005, held in Estoril, Portugal in June 2005. The 170 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 292 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computer vision, shape and matching, image and video processing, image and video coding, face recognition, human activity analysis, surveillance, robotics, hardware architectures, statistical pattern recognition, syntactical pattern recognition, image analysis, document analysis, bioinformatics, medical imaging, biometrics, speech recognition, natural language analysis, and applications.

Local Polynomial Modelling and Its Applications

Local Polynomial Modelling and Its Applications Book
Author : Jianqing Fan,Irene Gijbels
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-03-01
ISBN : 9780412983214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data-analytic approaches to regression problems, arising from many scientific disciplines are described in this book. The aim of these nonparametric methods is to relax assumptions on the form of a regression function and to let data search for a suitable function that describes the data well. The use of these nonparametric functions with parametric techniques can yield very powerful data analysis tools. Local polynomial modeling and its applications provides an up-to-date picture on state-of-the-art nonparametric regression techniques. The emphasis of the book is on methodologies rather than on theory, with a particular focus on applications of nonparametric techniques to various statistical problems. High-dimensional data-analytic tools are presented, and the book includes a variety of examples. This will be a valuable reference for research and applied statisticians, and will serve as a textbook for graduate students and others interested in nonparametric regression.

Asymptotic Statistics

Asymptotic Statistics Book
Author : Reinhard Höpfner
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2014-01-31
ISBN : 3110250284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook is devoted to the general asymptotic theory of statistical experiments. Local asymptotics for statistical models in the sense of local asymptotic (mixed) normality or local asymptotic quadraticity make up the core of the book. Numerous examples deal with classical independent and identically distributed models and with stochastic processes. The book can be read in different ways, according to possibly different mathematical preferences of the reader. One reader may focus on the statistical theory, and thus on the chapters about Gaussian shift models, mixed normal and quadratic models, and on local asymptotics where the limit model is a Gaussian shift or a mixed normal or a quadratic experiment (LAN, LAMN, LAQ). Another reader may prefer an introduction to stochastic process models where given statistical results apply, and thus concentrate on subsections or chapters on likelihood ratio processes and some diffusion type models where LAN, LAMN or LAQ occurs. Finally, readers might put together both aspects. The book is suitable for graduate students starting to work in statistics of stochastic processes, as well as for researchers interested in a precise introduction to this area.

Ecological Statistics

Ecological Statistics Book
Author : Gordon A. Fox,Simoneta Negrete-Yankelevich,Vinicio J. Sosa
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2015-01-29
ISBN : 0191652881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The application and interpretation of statistics are central to ecological study and practice. Ecologists are now asking more sophisticated questions than in the past. These new questions, together with the continued growth of computing power and the availability of new software, have created a new generation of statistical techniques. These have resulted in major recent developments in both our understanding and practice of ecological statistics. This novel book synthesizes a number of these changes, addressing key approaches and issues that tend to be overlooked in other books such as missing/censored data, correlation structure of data, heterogeneous data, and complex causal relationships. These issues characterize a large proportion of ecological data, but most ecologists' training in traditional statistics simply does not provide them with adequate preparation to handle the associated challenges. Uniquely, Ecological Statistics highlights the underlying links among many statistical approaches that attempt to tackle these issues. In particular, it gives readers an introduction to approaches to inference, likelihoods, generalized linear (mixed) models, spatially or phylogenetically-structured data, and data synthesis, with a strong emphasis on conceptual understanding and subsequent application to data analysis. Written by a team of practicing ecologists, mathematical explanations have been kept to the minimum necessary. This user-friendly textbook will be suitable for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of ecology, evolution, environmental studies, and computational biology who are interested in updating their statistical tool kits. A companion web site provides example data sets and commented code in the R language.

Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production

Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production Book
Author : Nilgun B. Harmanciogammalu,S.D. Ozkul,O. Fistikoglu,Paul Geerders
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401002312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the proceedings and the outcomes of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production, which was held in Marmaris, Turkey, between September 10- 14, 200 I. With the contribution of 45 experts from 20 different countries, the ARW has provided the opportunity to resolve the basic conflicts that tend to arise between different disciplines associated with environmental data management and to promote understanding between experts on an international and multidisciplinary basis. The prevailing universal problem in environmental data management (EDM) systems is the significant incoherence between data collection procedures and the retrieval of information required by the users. This indicates the presence of problems still encountered in the realization of; (1) delineation of objectives, constraints, institutional aspects of EDM; (2) design of data collection networks; (3) statistical sampling; (4) physical sampling and presentation of data; (5) data processing and environmental databases; (6) reliability of data; (7) data analysis and transfer of data into information; and (8) data accessibility and data exchange at local, regional and global scales. Further problems stem from the lack of coherence between different disciplines involved in EDM, lack of coordination between responsible agencies on a country basis, and lack of coordination on an international level regarding the basic problems and relevant solutions that should be sought.

Nonlinear Statistical Models

Nonlinear Statistical Models Book
Author : Andrej Pázman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 9401724504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonlinear statistical modelling is an area of growing importance. This monograph presents mostly new results and methods concerning the nonlinear regression model. Among the aspects which are considered are linear properties of nonlinear models, multivariate nonlinear regression, intrinsic and parameter effect curvature, algorithms for calculating the L2-estimator and both local and global approximation. In addition to this a chapter has been added on the large topic of nonlinear exponential families. The volume will be of interest to both experts in the field of nonlinear statistical modelling and to those working in the identification of models and optimization, as well as to statisticians in general.

Progress in Pattern Recognition Image Analysis and Applications

Progress in Pattern Recognition  Image Analysis and Applications Book
Author : José Francisco Martínez-Trinidad,Jesús Ariel Carrasco Ochoa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-10-12
ISBN : 3540465561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition, CIARP 2006, held in Cancun, Mexico in November 2006. The 99 revised full papers presented together with three keynote articles were carefully reviewed and selected from 239 submissions. The papers cover ongoing research and mathematical methods.

Proceedings

Proceedings Book
Author : IEEE Computer Society. Technical Committee on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Publisher : IEEE
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780769501499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the June 1999 conference. Topics of the 95 papers in volume one include detection and removal of line scratches in motion picture films; linear self-calibration of a rotating and zooming camera; stereo correspondence from motion correspondence; detection and characterization of multiple motion points; 3D geometric invariant alignment of surfaces with application in brain mapping; automatic aircraft recognition; and multiple-hand gesture tracking using multiple cameras. The 97 papers in volume two cover topics such as shape detection; gesture localization and recognition using probabilistic visual learning; image interpolation by joint view triangulation; aerial image interpretation; detecting and tracking moving objects for video surveillance; and combining central and peripheral vision for reactive robot navigation. A CD-ROM version is included. Name index only. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention MICCAI 2003

Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention   MICCAI 2003 Book
Author : Randy E. Ellis,Terry M. Peters
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-10-29
ISBN : 3540204644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 6th International Conference on Medical Imaging and Computer-Assisted Intervention,MICCAI2003,washeldinMontr ́ eal,Qu ́ ebec,CanadaattheF- rmont Queen Elizabeth Hotel during November 15–18, 2003. This was the ?rst time the conference had been held in Canada. The proposal to host MICCAI 2003 originated from discussions within the Ontario Consortium for Ima- guided Therapy and Surgery, a multi-institutional research consortium that was supported by the Government of Ontario through the Ontario Ministry of E- erprise, Opportunity and Innovation. The objective of the conference was to o?er clinicians and scientists a - rum within which to exchange ideas in this exciting and rapidly growing ?eld. MICCAI 2003 encompassed the state of the art in computer-assisted interv- tions, medical robotics, and medical-image processing, attracting experts from numerous multidisciplinary professions that included clinicians and surgeons, computer scientists, medical physicists, and mechanical, electrical and biome- cal engineers. The quality and quantity of submitted papers were most impressive. For MICCAI 2003 we received a record 499 full submissions and 100 short c- munications. All full submissions, of 8 pages each, were reviewed by up to 5 reviewers, and the 2-page contributions were assessed by a small subcomm- tee of the Scienti?c Review Committee. All reviews were then considered by the MICCAI 2003 Program Committee, resulting in the acceptance of 206 full papers and 25 short communications. The normal mode of presentation at MICCAI 2003 was as a poster; in addition, 49 papers were chosen for oral presentation.