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Spintronic 2D Materials

Spintronic 2D Materials Book
Author : Wenqing Liu,Yongbing Xu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081021542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

Spintronic 2D Materials

Spintronic 2D Materials Book
Author : Wenqing Liu,Yongbing Xu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 0081021550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

Spintronics Handbook Second Edition Spin Transport and Magnetism

Spintronics Handbook  Second Edition  Spin Transport and Magnetism Book
Author : Evgeny Y. Tsymbal,Igor Žutić
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-20
ISBN : 0429784376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition offers an update on the single most comprehensive survey of the two intertwined fields of spintronics and magnetism, covering the diverse array of materials and structures, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. It focuses on seminal pioneering work, together with the latest in cutting-edge advances, notably extended discussion of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, topological insulators, skyrmions, and molecular spintronics. The main sections cover physical phenomena, spin-dependent tunneling, control of spin and magnetism in semiconductors, and spin-based applications.

2D Materials

2D Materials Book
Author : Phaedon Avouris,Tony F. Heinz,Tony Low
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-06-29
ISBN : 1316738132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

Integration of 2D Materials for Electronics Applications

Integration of 2D Materials for Electronics Applications Book
Author : Filippo Giannazzo,Samuel Lara Avila,Jens Eriksson,Sushant Sonde
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 3038976067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Integration of 2D Materials for Electronics Applications" that was published in Crystals

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials Book
Author : Paolo Bondavalli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-26
ISBN : 0323481027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials: Properties and Applications outlines the physics and the applications of graphene-related materials, including graphene, graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes. The first chapter introduces the physics of graphene and related nanomaterials. The following sections deal with different applications spanning from gas sensors to non-volatile memories and supercapacitors. The book also covers spintronics for graphene. In each chapter, specific applications are explained in a detailed way. This book will appeal to materials scientists and engineers looking to understand more about the nature of graphene and how it is currently being used. Explains how particular physical properties of graphene make it suitable for specific applications Explores current applications in sensing and energy Assesses the challenges of using carbon nanomaterials in engineering and evaluates future opportunities Appeals to materials scientists and engineers looking to understand more about the nature of graphene and how it is currently being used

Recent Advances in Novel Materials for Future Spintronics

Recent Advances in Novel Materials for Future Spintronics Book
Author : Xiaotian Wang,Hong Chen,Rabah Khenata
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-05-27
ISBN : 3038979767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As we all know, electrons carry both charge and spin. The processing of information in conventional electronic devices is based only on the charge of electrons. Spin electronics, or spintronics, uses the spin of electrons, as well as their charge, to process information. Metals, semiconductors, and insulators are the basic materials that constitute the components of electronic devices, and these types of materials have been transforming all aspects of society for over a century. In contrast, magnetic metals, half-metals (including zero-gap half-metals), magnetic semiconductors (including spin-gapless semiconductors), dilute magnetic semiconductors, and magnetic insulators are the materials that will form the basis for spintronic devices. This book aims to collect a range of papers on novel materials that have intriguing physical properties and numerous potential practical applications in spintronics.

Two dimensional Materials

Two dimensional Materials Book
Author : Pramoda Kumar Nayak
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-08-31
ISBN : 9535125540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are only a few discoveries and new technologies in materials science that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Discovery of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature, is one of them. After isolation of graphene from graphite in 2004, a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties, has been created. This book provides a comprehensive view and state-of-the-art knowledge about 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and so on. It consists of 11 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field and provides latest synthesis techniques of 2D materials, characterization and their potential applications in energy conservation, electronics, optoelectronics and biotechnology.

2D Materials for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications

2D Materials for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications Book
Author : Qiaoliang Bao,Hui Ying Hoh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-10-19
ISBN : 0128154357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2D Materials for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications introduces readers to two-dimensional materials and their properties (optical, electronic, spin and plasmonic), various methods of synthesis, and possible applications, with a strong focus on novel findings and technological challenges. The two-dimensional materials reviewed include hexagonal boron nitride, silicene, germanene, topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides, black phosphorous and other novel materials. This book will be ideal for students and researchers in materials science, photonics, electronics, nanotechnology and condensed matter physics and chemistry, providing background for both junior investigators and timely reviews for seasoned researchers. Provides an in-depth look at boron nitride, silicene, germanene, topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides, and more Reviews key applications for photonics and optoelectronics, including photodetectors, optical signal processing, light-emitting diodes and photovoltaics Addresses key technological challenges for the realization of optoelectronic applications and comments on future solutions

Spin Dynamics in Two Dimensional Quantum Materials

Spin Dynamics in Two Dimensional Quantum Materials Book
Author : Marc Vila Tusell
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-10
ISBN : 3030861147
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis focuses on the exploration of nontrivial spin dynamics in graphene-based devices and topological materials, using realistic theoretical models and state-of-the-art quantum transport methodologies. The main outcomes of this work are: (i) the analysis of the crossover from diffusive to ballistic spin transport regimes in ultraclean graphene nonlocal devices, and (ii) investigation of spin transport and spin dynamics phenomena (such as the (quantum) spin Hall effect) in novel topological materials, such as monolayer Weyl semimetals WeTe2 and MoTe2. Indeed, the ballistic spin transport results are key for further interpretation of ultraclean spintronic devices, and will enable extracting precise values of spin diffusion lengths in diffusive transport and guide experiments in the (quasi)ballistic regime. Furthermore, the thesis provides an in-depth theoretical interpretation of puzzling huge measured efficiencies of the spin Hall effect in MoTe2, as well as a prediction of a novel canted quantum spin Hall effect in WTe2 with spins pointing in the yz plane.

Spintronics Handbook Second Edition Spin Transport and Magnetism

Spintronics Handbook  Second Edition  Spin Transport and Magnetism Book
Author : Evgeny Y. Tsymbal,Igor Žutić
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-06-26
ISBN : 0429805268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition offers an update on the single most comprehensive survey of the two intertwined fields of spintronics and magnetism, covering the diverse array of materials and structures, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. It focuses on seminal pioneering work, together with the latest in cutting-edge advances, notably extended discussion of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, topological insulators, skyrmions, and molecular spintronics. The main sections cover physical phenomena, spin-dependent tunneling, control of spin and magnetism in semiconductors, and spin-based applications. Features: Presents the most comprehensive reference text for the overlapping fields of spintronics (spin transport) and magnetism. Covers the full spectrum of materials and structures, from silicon and organic semiconductors to carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. Extends coverage of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, including molybdenum disulfide and study of their spin relaxation mechanisms Includes new dedicated chapters on cutting-edge topics such as spin-orbit torques, topological insulators, half metals, complex oxide materials and skyrmions. Discusses important emerging areas of spintronics with superconductors, spin-wave spintronics, benchmarking of spintronics devices, and theory and experimental approaches to molecular spintronics. Evgeny Tsymbal's research is focused on computational materials science aiming at the understanding of fundamental properties of advanced ferromagnetic and ferroelectric nanostructures and materials relevant to nanoelectronics and spintronics. He is a George Holmes University Distinguished Professor at the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), Director of the UNL’s Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), and Director of the multi-institutional Center for NanoFerroic Devices (CNFD). Igor Žutić received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics at the University of Minnesota. His work spans a range of topics from high-temperature superconductors and ferromagnetism that can get stronger as the temperature is increased, to prediction of various spin-based devices. He is a recipient of 2006 National Science Foundation CAREER Award, 2005 National Research Council/American Society for Engineering Education Postdoctoral Research Award, and the National Research Council Fellowship (2003-2005). His research is supported by the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, the Department of Energy, and the Airforce Office of Scientific Research.

Graphene in Spintronics

Graphene in Spintronics Book
Author : Junichiro Inoue,Ai Yamakage,Syuta Honda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-05-25
ISBN : 9814669571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery and fabrication of new materials have opened the gate for new research fields in science and technology. The novel method of fabricating graphene, a purely 2D carbon lattice, and the discovery of the phenomenon of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic multilayers are not exceptions. The latter has brought about the creation of the new technological field of spintronics, which utilizes both spin and charge degrees of freedom of electrons. As for the former, many applications have been proposed; however, no practical devices have yet been developed in the field of spintronics. The aim of this book is to provide possible hints to overcome the difficulties in graphene applications in the field of spintronics by comparing the physical properties of graphene and magnetoresistive (MR) phenomena in spintronics. The book will be useful for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students of physics, chemistry, and materials science and young researchers in nanotechnology and the field of spintronics.

2D Monoelemental Materials Xenes and Related Technologies

2D Monoelemental Materials  Xenes  and Related Technologies Book
Author : Zongyu Huang,Xiang Qi,Jianxin Zhong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9781003207122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monoelemental 2D materials called Xenes have a graphene-like structure, intra-layer covalent bond, and weak van der Waals forces between layers. Materials composed of different groups of elements have different structures and rich properties, making Xenes materials a potential candidate for the next generation of 2D materials. 2D Monoelemental Materials (Xenes) and Related Technologies: Beyond Graphene describes the structure, properties, and applications of Xenes by classification and section. The first section covers the structure and classification of single-element 2D materials, according to the different main groups of monoelemental materials of different components and includes the properties and applications with detailed description. The second section discusses the structure, properties, and applications of advanced 2D Xenes materials, which are composed of heterogeneous structures, produced by defects, and regulated by the field. Features include: Systematically detailed single element materials according to the main groups of the constituent elements Classification of the most effective and widely studied 2D Xenes materials Expounding upon changes in properties and improvements in applications by different regulation mechanisms Discussion of the significance of 2D single-element materials where structural characteristics are closely combined with different preparation methods and the relevant theoretical properties complement each other with practical applications Aimed at researchers and advanced students in materials science and engineering, this book offers a broad view of current knowledge in the emerging and promising field of 2D monoelemental materials.

Functional Materials and Electronics

Functional Materials and Electronics Book
Author : Jiabao Yi,Sean Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-11
ISBN : 1351682768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This informative book focuses on newly developed functional materials and their applications for electronic and spintronic devices. Electronic devices have become a part of our daily modern life, involving mobile phones, data storage, computers, and satellites, and there is relentless growth in microelectronics. This volume covers the topics of oxide materials for electronics devices, new materials, and new properties, especially in newly developed research areas, such as oxide magnetic semiconductors and two-dimensional electron gas. Key features: Emphasizes functional materials for electronic devices, including two-dimensional materials, two-dimensional electron gas, multiferroic materials, memory materials, sensor materials, and spintronic materials. Describes the basics as well as new developments of these functional materials and devices.

Nanoscience Volume 6

Nanoscience  Volume 6 Book
Author : Neerish Revaprasadu
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-05-21
ISBN : 1788016939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of nanoscience continues to grow and, with such a vast landscape of material, careful distillation of the most important discoveries will help researchers find the key information they require. Nanoscience provides a critical and comprehensive assessment of the most recent research and opinion from across the globe. Topics covered in this volume include metal halide perovskite nanomaterials, properties and applications, nanoparticles and nanocomposites for new permanent magnets and graphene-based materials for energy conversion applications. Anyone practising in any nano-allied field, or wishing to enter the nano-world will benefit from this resource, presenting the current thought and applications of nanoscience.

Intelligent Computing Techniques for Smart Energy Systems

Intelligent Computing Techniques for Smart Energy Systems Book
Author : Anshuman Tripathi,Amit Soni,Ashish Shrivastava,Anil Swarnkar,Jagrati Sahariya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-13
ISBN : 9811902526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book compiles the best selected research papers presented during the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Computing Techniques for Smart Energy Systems (ICTSES 2021), held at Manipal University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. It presents the diligent work of the research community where intelligent computing techniques are applied in allied fields of engineering ranging from engineering materials to electrical engineering to electronics and communication engineering- to computer-related fields. The theoretical research concepts are supported with extensive reviews highlighting the trends in the possible and real-life applications of computational intelligence. The high-quality content with broad range of the topics is thoroughly peer-reviewed and published on suitable recommendations.

Three Dimensional Magnonics

Three Dimensional Magnonics Book
Author : Gianluca Gubbiotti
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-10
ISBN : 1000024385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnonics, a research field that uses spin waves, collective excitations of ordered magnetic materials, or magnons (their quanta) as a tool for signal processing, communication, and computation, has rapidly grown during the past decade because of the low-energy consumption and potential compatibility with next-generation circuits beyond CMOS electronics. The interest in 3D magnonic nanostructures follows the latest trend in conventional electronics based on expansion from 2D planar to 3D vertically integrated structures. To remain on the same technological level, a similar expansion should be realized in magnonics. Following this trend, this book provides an overview of recent developments in the exploitation of the third dimension in magnonics, with special focus on the propagation of spin waves in layered magnonic crystals, spin textures, curved surfaces, 3D nano-objects, and cavity magnonics.

Solid State PhysicsMetastable Spintronics Materials and Mechanics of Deformable Bodies

Solid State PhysicsMetastable  Spintronics Materials and Mechanics of Deformable Bodies Book
Author : Subbarayan Sivasankaran,Pramoda Kumar Nayak,Ezgi Günay
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 1838811648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the recent evolution of solid-state physics, which is primarily dedicated to examining the behavior of solids at the atomic scale. It also presents various state-of-the-art reviews and original contributions related to solid-state sciences. The book consists of four sections, namely, solid-state behavior, metastable materials, spintronics materials, and mechanics of deformable bodies. The authors’ contributions relating to solid-state behavior deal with the performance of solid matters pertaining to quantum mechanics, physical metallurgy, and crystallography. The authors’ contributions relating to metastable materials demonstrate the behavior of amorphous/bulk metallic glasses and some nonequilibrium materials. The authors’ contributions relating to spintronic materials explain the principles and equations underlying the physics, transport, and dynamics of spin in solid-state systems. The authors’ contributions relating to the mechanics of deformable bodies deal with applications of numeric and analytic solutions/models for solid-state structures under deformation. Key Features:Issues in solid-state physics, Lagrangian quantum mechanics,Quantum and thermal behavior of HCP crystals,Thermoelectric properties of semiconductors,Bulk metallic glasses and metastable atomic density determination,Applications of spintronics and Heusler alloys, 2D elastostatic, mathematical modeling and dynamic stiffness methods on deformable bodies.

Spin Current

Spin Current Book
Author : Sadamichi Maekawa,Sergio O. Valenzuela,Eiji Saitoh,Takashi Kimura
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 0191635111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect in magnetic multilayers in 1988, a new branch of physics and technology, called spin-electronics or spintronics, has emerged, where the flow of electrical charge as well as the flow of electron spin, the so-called "spin current", are manipulated and controlled together. Recent progress in the physics of magnetism and the application of spin current has progressed in tandem with the nanofabrication technology of magnets and the engineering of interfaces and thin films. This book is intended to provide an introduction and guide to the new physics and applications of spin current. The emphasis is placed on the interaction between spin and charge currents in magnetic nanostructures.

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials Book
Author : Ross Mcphedran,Simon Gluzman,Vladimir Mityushev,Natalia Rylko
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-05
ISBN : 0128188200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2D and Quasi-2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials: Theory, Properties and Photonic Applications covers the theory, characterization and computational modeling of 2D composite materials and shows how they are used for the creation of materials for 3D structures The book covers three major themes: Properties of 2D and quasi-2D composites are discussed in the context of homogenization theory. Homogenization results are discussed for spatiotemporal material composites assembled from materials which are distributed on a micro-scale in space and in time. New types of transport phenomena and localization in random media are addressed, with particular attention to the non-reciprocity of transport coefficients. Plasmonics and magneto-optics are also of particular interest. Magneto-transport and sub-wavelength resolution in electromagnetic and acoustic imaging are further considered. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers working on nanomaterials, photonic composites, and materials theory, modeling and simulations. Outlines major modelling techniques of 2D nanocomposites for photonic applications Explores how the properties of 2D nanocomposites make them suitable for use for building 3D structures Assesses the challenges of using 2D nanocomposites for designing new devices on a mass scale