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Spinal Interneurons

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Movement Control

Movement Control Book
Author : Paul Cordo,Stevan Harnad
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1994-05-27
ISBN : 9780521456074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume addresses issues about how the central nervous system controls movement.

The Central Nervous System

The Central Nervous System Book
Author : Per Brodal
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0195165608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing clear, well-illustrated descriptions of brain structures in light of their functions, this cohesive and well-established textbook fosters understanding of the intimate relationship between the structure and function of the nervous system. Its focus on the integration of basic sciences with their clinical applications makes the book particularly well-suited for medical students needing knowledge of neuroscience as a basis for clinical thinking. For the third edition, two new chapters have been added on the vestibular system and control of eye movements, and all other chapters have been thoroughly revised.

Autonomic Dysfunction After Spinal Cord Injury

Autonomic Dysfunction After Spinal Cord Injury Book
Author : Lynne C. Weaver,Canio Polosa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-10-11
ISBN : 0080460100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autonomic dysfunction is a major and poorly understood consequence of spinal cord injury. It is a cause of very serious disability and requires much more research. It should be a focus of treatment strategies. This book will be of interest to anyone involved in research and treatment of spinal cord injury since it helps to explain the tremendously negative impact on the body caused by cord injury that is not as obvious as paralysis and loss of sensation. It contains a compilation of what is known about bladder, cardiovascular, bowel and sexual dysfunction after spinal cord injury, as it relates to the changes within the autonomic nervous system control of these functions. The book begins with a description of the time course of autonomic dysfunctions and their ramifications from the first hours after a spinal cord injury to the more stable chronic states. The next section contains three chapters that address anatomical findings that may provide some of the foundation for autonomic dysfunctions in many of the systems. The system-specific chapters then follow in four sections. Each section begins with a chapter or two defining the clinical problems experienced by people with cord injury. The following chapters present research, basic and clinical, that address the autonomic dysfunctions.

Spinal Interneurons in Sensorimotor Integration

Spinal Interneurons in Sensorimotor Integration Book
Author : Ting Ting Liu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even though spinal cord research has expanded enormously during the past decades, we still lack a precise understanding of how spinal interneuron networks perfectly integrate sensory feedback with motor control, and how these neuron circuits give rise to specific functions. The present study thus has three basic aims: (1) to investigate propriospinal interneurons connecting rostral and caudal lumbar spinal cord in the rat; (2) to investigate input properties of identified spinal interneurons interposed in different pathways; (3) to investigate cholinergic terminals in the ventral horn of adult rat and cat. There was no evidence to support the presence of vesicular glutamate transporters in motoneuron axon terminals of either species. In addition, there was no obvious relationship between motoneuron terminals and R2 subunit of the AMPA receptor (GluR2). However, a population of cholinergic terminals in lamina VII, which did not originate from motoneurons, was found to be immunoreactive for VGLUT2 and formed appositions with GluR2 subunits. These terminals were smaller than motoneuron terminals and, unlike them, formed no relationship with Renshaw cells. The evidence suggests that glutamate does not act as a cotransmitter with acetylcholine at central synapses of motoneurons in the adult cat and rat. However, glutamate is present in a population of cholinergic terminals which probably originate from interneurons where its action is via an AMPA receptor. In conclusion, the present studies add to the understanding of the organization of neuronal networks involved in sensorimotor integration. Propriospinal interneurons located within the lumbar segments have extensive intra-segmental projections to motor nuclei. First order interneurons interposed in reflex pathways and descending pathways receive a significantly different pattern of inputs. A similar proportion of monosynaptic excitatory input from primary afferents has been found in both excitatory and inhibitory interneurons and these two types of cells are subject to presynaptic inhibitory control of this input.

Fundamental Neuroscience

Fundamental Neuroscience Book
Author : Larry Squire,Darwin Berg,Floyd E. Bloom,Sascha du Lac,Anirvan Ghosh,Larry R. Squire,Nicholas C. Spitzer,Susan K. McConnell,James L. Roberts,Michael J. Zigmond
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-11-19
ISBN : 0080521800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With over 300 training programs in neuroscience currently in existence, demand is great for a comprehensive textbook that both introduces graduate students to the full range of neuroscience, from molecular biology to clinical science, but also assists instructors in offering an in-depth course in neuroscience to advanced undergraduates. The second edition of Fundamental Neuroscience accomplishes all this and more. The thoroughly revised text features over 25% new material including completely new chapters, illustrations, and a CD-ROM containing all the figures from the text. More concise and manageable than the previous edition, this book has been retooled to better serve its audience in the neuroscience and medical communities. Key Features * Logically organized into 7 sections, with uniform editing of the content for a "one-voice" feel throughout all 54 chapters * Includes numerous text boxes with concise, detailed descriptions of specific experiments, disorders, methodological approaches, and concepts * Well-illustrated with over 850 full color figures, also included on the accompanying CD-ROM

The Importance of Interneurons in Neuronal Circuitry

The Importance of Interneurons in Neuronal Circuitry Book
Author : Maria Gutierrez-Mecinas,Joshua Singer,Eduardo Weruaga
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-01-25
ISBN : 2889741664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Importance of Interneurons in Neuronal Circuitry book written by Maria Gutierrez-Mecinas,Joshua Singer,Eduardo Weruaga, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Clinical Anatomy of the Spine Spinal Cord and ANS E Book

Clinical Anatomy of the Spine  Spinal Cord  and ANS   E Book Book
Author : Gregory D. Cramer,Susan A. Darby
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2017-04-05
ISBN : 0323082319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This one-of-a-kind text describes the specific anatomy and neuromusculoskeletal relationships of the human spine, with special emphasis on structures affected by manual spinal techniques. A comprehensive review of the literature explores current research of spinal anatomy and neuroanatomy, bringing practical applications to basic science. A full chapter on surface anatomy includes tables for identifying vertebral levels of deeper anatomic structures, designed to assist with physical diagnosis and treatment of pathologies of the spine, as well as evaluation of MRI and CT scans. High-quality, full-color illustrations show fine anatomic detail. Red lines in the margins draw attention to items of clinical relevance, clearly relating anatomy to clinical care. Spinal dissection photographs, as well as MRIs and CTs, reinforce important anatomy concepts in a clinical context. Revisions to all chapters reflect an extensive review of current literature. New chapter on the pediatric spine discusses the unique anatomic changes that take place in the spine from birth through adulthood, as well as important clinical ramifications. Over 170 additional illustrations and photos enhance and support the new information covered in this edition.

Motor Neurobiology of the Spinal Cord

Motor Neurobiology of the Spinal Cord Book
Author : Timothy C. Cope
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-06-26
ISBN : 1420042645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic injuries of the spinal cord continue to be the most common cause of permanent paralysis in young adults in the United States. New information has emerged on the response of spinal neurons to injury of either the spinal cord or peripheral nerves demonstrating that dendrites of injured motoneurons take on characteristics of axons. These and other new developments have helped to promote an exciting new era in the study of spinal cord neurobiology. Motor Neurobiology of the Spinal Cord provides a description of the recent conceptual and technical advances in the field. It provides a description of the new experimental tools available for investigating the neuronal properties that allow populations of spinal cord neurons to control muscles responsible for limb movements and posture. It covers topics ranging from genetics to kinematics and examines cells, tissues, or whole animals in species ranging from fish to humans that are normal, injured, or diseased. By integrating data derived from many new approaches, you'll learn about how spinal cord circuits operate under a variety conditions and about new and exciting inroads being made in motor neurobiology of the spinal cord. Motor Neurobiology of the Spinal Cord elucidates concepts and principles relevant to function and structure throughout the nervous system and presents information about changes induced by injury and disease.

Propriospinal Neurons Essential Elements in Locomotion Autonomic Function and Plasticity after Spinal Cord Injury and Disease

Propriospinal Neurons  Essential Elements in Locomotion  Autonomic Function and Plasticity after Spinal Cord Injury and Disease Book
Author : Katinka Stecina,Kristine C. Cowley,Claire Francesca Meehan,Michelle Maria Rank,Michael A. Lane
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-28
ISBN : 2889669165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Propriospinal Neurons Essential Elements in Locomotion Autonomic Function and Plasticity after Spinal Cord Injury and Disease book written by Katinka Stecina,Kristine C. Cowley,Claire Francesca Meehan,Michelle Maria Rank,Michael A. Lane, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spinal Interneurons

Spinal Interneurons Book
Author : Lyandysha Zholudeva,Michael Lane
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 9780128192603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spinal Interneurons: Plasticity after Spinal Cord Injury provides neuroscientists, clinicians and trainees a reference book exclusively concentrating on spinal interneurons and the techniques and experiments employed to identify and study these cells as part of normal, diseased and injured neural circuits. In addition, the book highlights the therapeutic potential of these cells by presenting relevant pre-clinical and clinical work that has been performed. The book's focus on the latest in therapeutic strategies for targeting spinal interneurons, considerations for the development and use of treatments, and how such treatments work make this a comprehensive source of information. Provides a comprehensive overview of the techniques used to identify, characterize and classify spinal interneurons and their role in neural circuits Presents an in-depth discussion of the therapeutic potential of spinal interneurons for SCI injury and/or disease Represents the first book to discuss spinal interneurons and translational research

Vertebrate Motoneurons

Vertebrate Motoneurons Book
Author : Michael J. O'Donovan,Mélanie Falgairolle
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-10-08
ISBN : 3031071670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide a comprehensive and timely review of new findings in motoneuron research. Recent findings have revealed that motoneurons are more complex and have more extensive functions than previously imagined. Some of the molecular and genetic pathways that orchestrate the development of motoneurons have been discovered, as have the mechanisms responsible for the selective innervation of muscles by specific pools of motoneurons. These novel findings are revolutionizing ideas about the function of motoneurons and have important implications for motoneuron disease. Chapters from several of the foremost figures in the field are included in this book and will emphasize how basic science is the engine driving the discovery of novel treatments for degenerative motoneuron diseases. Cutting edge developments in the use of pluripotent stem cells to correct motoneuron disease will be also be covered. This book would be useful to students of basic motoneuron physiology, locomotor behavior and motor control. This book would also be of interest to professional neuroscientists, neurologists, and neurosurgeons.

Inderbir Singh s Textbook of Human Neuroanatomy

Inderbir Singh s Textbook of Human Neuroanatomy Book
Author : Pritha S Bhuiyan,Lakshmi Rajgopal,K Shyamkishore
Publisher : JP Medical Ltd
Release : 2017-11-30
ISBN : 9352701488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition is a comprehensive guide to the anatomy of the nervous system, for undergraduate medical students. Beginning with a general introduction to neuroanatomy, the following chapters each cover a different section, from the spinal cord, brainstem and cranial nerves, to the limbic system, autonomous nervous system, and much more. Each chapter features key learning objectives, clinical anatomy, and short notes, as well as multiple choice questions for self-assessment. Anatomical aspects of neurological conditions are illustrated in colour boxes and clinical cases have been added to each topic. The text is highly illustrated with clinical images including high resolution brain specimen photographs. Key points Fully revised, new edition providing undergraduates with a comprehensive guide to neuroanatomy Each chapter includes multiple choice questions for self-assessment Features high resolution brain specimen photographs Previous edition (9789350905296) published in 2014

Basic and Clinical Anatomy of the Spine Spinal Cord and ANS E Book

Basic and Clinical Anatomy of the Spine  Spinal Cord  and ANS   E Book Book
Author : Gregory D. Cramer,Susan A. Darby
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2005-05-25
ISBN : 0323071422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This one-of-a-kind text describes the specific anatomy and neuromusculoskeletal relationships of the human spine, with special emphasis on structures affected by manual spinal techniques. A comprehensive review of the literature explores current research of spinal anatomy and neuroanatomy, bringing practical applications to basic science. A full chapter on surface anatomy includes tables for identifying vertebral levels of deeper anatomic structures, designed to assist with physical diagnosis and treatment of pathologies of the spine, as well as evaluation of MRI and CT scans. High-quality, full-color illustrations show fine anatomic detail. Red lines in the margins draw attention to items of clinical relevance, clearly relating anatomy to clinical care. Spinal dissection photographs, as well as MRIs and CTs, reinforce important anatomy concepts in a clinical context. Revisions to all chapters reflect an extensive review of current literature. New chapter on the pediatric spine discusses the unique anatomic changes that take place in the spine from birth through adulthood, as well as important clinical ramifications. Over 170 additional illustrations and photos enhance and support the new information covered in this edition.

Neural Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Regulation

Neural Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Regulation Book
Author : Nae J. Dun,Benedito H. Machado,Paul M. Pilowsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-27
ISBN : 1441990542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neural Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Regulation responds to current questions about how neurons in the central and peripheral nervous systems regulate the cardiovascular system. It includes a series of thoughtful reviews that are intended to provoke and illuminate the reader, with the intention of revealing some of the ideas that current practitioners in the field of cardiovascular research are using to generate their current studies.

The Interneuron

The Interneuron Book
Author : Mary Agnes Burniston Brazier
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Interneuron book written by Mary Agnes Burniston Brazier, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions Book
Author : Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith,Anthony J. M. Verberne
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-05-01
ISBN : 0199719241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Central autonomic circuits in the brain and spinal cord are essential to vertebrate life because they are involved in controlling all basic bodily functions, including blood pressure, feeding, body temperature regulation voiding and reproduction. This wide-ranging text emphasizes the extraordinary advances that have been made over the last 20 years in understanding how the central nervous system controls autonomic functions.

The Specification of Spinal Interneuron Identity by Evx1

The Specification of Spinal Interneuron Identity by Evx1 Book
Author : Laura Moran Rivard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Specification of Spinal Interneuron Identity by Evx1 book written by Laura Moran Rivard, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in CNS Repair Regeneration and Neuroplasticity From Basic Mechanisms to Therapeutic Strategies

Advances in CNS Repair  Regeneration  and Neuroplasticity  From Basic Mechanisms to Therapeutic Strategies Book
Author : Shuxin Li,Junfang Wu,Andrea Tedeschi
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-03-09
ISBN : 288974633X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in CNS Repair Regeneration and Neuroplasticity From Basic Mechanisms to Therapeutic Strategies book written by Shuxin Li,Junfang Wu,Andrea Tedeschi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plasticity of the Central Nervous System

Plasticity of the Central Nervous System Book
Author : Keiji Sano,Shozo Ishii
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3709189454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Leitmotiv of the Second Convention of the Academia Eurasiana Neurochirurgica was "Cerebrum convalescit" - literally "the brain recovers". The focus of the meeting was on plasticity of the central nervous system, one of the most decisive factors in recovery and readaption after cerebral lesions. Distinguished experts from the fields of neurosurgery, neurology, neurophysiology, anatomy, pathology, oncology, and pharmacology discussed the following topics: - Molecular and cellular basis of plasticity - Regeneration and growth in the CNS - Self-organization of neuronal network - Brain oedema - a reparatory process? - Growth factors and carcinogenesis

Neuroscience E Book

Neuroscience   E Book Book
Author : Laurie Lundy-Ekman
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2017-10-30
ISBN : 0323478409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Boost your skills in planning and managing physical rehabilitation! Neuroscience: Fundamentals for Rehabilitation, 5th Edition provides a practical guide to the nervous system and how it affects the practice of physical and occupational therapy. Case studies and first-person stories from people with neurologic disorders make it easier to apply your knowledge to the clinical setting. New to this edition are new chapters on neuroanatomy imaging and neurologic examination techniques. Written by noted PT educator Laurie Lundy-Ekman, this book uses evidence-based research to help you understand neurologic disorders and treat clients who have physical limitations due to nervous system damage or disease. Logical, systems approach to neuroscience makes it easier to master complex information and provides a framework for conducting a neurologic examination and evaluation. A clinical perspective of neuroscience is provided through case studies, personal stories written by patients, and summaries of key features of neurologic disorders and the body systems they affect. Five sections — Overview of Neurology, Neuroscience at the Cellular Level, Development of the Nervous System, Vertical Systems, and Regions — first show how neural cells operate, and then allow you to apply your knowledge of neuroscience. Emphasis on topics critical to physical rehabilitation includes coverage of abnormal muscle tone, chronic pain, control of movement, and differential diagnosis of dizziness. Hundreds of color-coded illustrations show body structures and functions across systems. Clinical Notes case studies demonstrate how neuroscience knowledge may be applied to clinical situations. Pathology boxes provide a quick summary of the features of neurologic disorders commonly encountered in rehabilitation practice. New! Neuroimaging and Neuroanatomy Atlas chapter includes MRI and CT images. NEW! Neurologic Disorders and the Neurologic Examination chapter provides detailed descriptions and photographs of techniques. NEW! Diagnostic Clinical Reasoning boxes help you develop the ability to recognize patterns of signs and symptoms associated with specific diagnoses. NEW! Updated content reflects the most current research findings. NEW! Reader-friendly approach converts long, technical chapters into smaller, more accessible chapters. NEW! Reorganized chapters progress from the cellular view to the systems view to the regional view.