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Spinal Control The Rehabilitation of Back Pain E Book

Spinal Control  The Rehabilitation of Back Pain E Book Book
Author : Paul W. Hodges,Jacek Cholewicki,Jaap H van Dieen
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2013-08-19
ISBN : 0702054542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For the first time, international scientific and clinical leaders have collaborated to present this exclusive book which integrates state-of-the art engineering concepts of spine control into clinically relevant approaches for the rehabilitation of low back pain. Spinal Control identifies the scope of the problem around motor control of the spine and pelvis while defining key terminology and methods as well as placing experimental findings into context. Spinal Control also includes contributions that put forward different sides of critical arguments (e.g. whether or not to focus on training the deep muscles of the trunk) and then bring these arguments together to help both scientists and clinicians better understand the convergences and divergences within this field. On the one hand, this book seeks to resolve many of the issues that are debated in existing literature, while on the other, its contributing opinion leaders present current best practice on how to study the questions facing the field of spine control, and then go on to outline the key directions for future research. Spinal Control – the only expert resource which provides a trusted, consensus approach to low back pain rehabilitation for both clinicians and scientists alike! Covers the most important issues in spine control research Illustrates the clinical relevance of research and how this is or can be applied in clinical practice Edited and written by world leading experts, contributing first class content on different aspects of spine control Chapters that bring together the expertise of these world leaders on topics such as neuromotor mechanisms of spine control, proprioception, subgrouping in back pain and modelling spine stability An extensive and illustrated clinical consensus chapter that brings together the philosophies of clinical opinion leaders for the first time

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement Book
Author : Marc D. Binder
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780444502889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last decade, we have witnessed a striking maturation of our understanding of how neurons in the spinal cord control muscular activity and movement. Paradoxically, a host of new findings have revealed an unexpected versatility in the behavior of these well-studied neural elements and circuits. In this volume, the world's leading experts review the current state of our knowledge of motor control, outline their latest results and developments, and delineate the seminal unresolved questions in this vibrant field of research. The volume begins with a commentary and overview of our current understanding of the peripheral and spinal basis of motor control. The remainder of the volume is divided into seven sections, each focused on a different problem. The first chapter in each section provides some historical review and presages the experimental findings and hypotheses that are discussed in subsequent chapters. Topics include the biomechanics of neuromuscular systems, the properties of motoneurons and the muscle units they control, spinal interneurons, pattern generating circuits, locomotion, descending control of spinal circuits, comparative physiology of motor systems, and motor systems neurophysiology studied in man. The book serves as a unique reference volume and should be essential reading for anyone interested in motor systems. Moreover, the volume's comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics make it an effective textbook for graduate level courses in motor control neurobiology, kinesiology, physical therapy, and rehabilitation medicine.

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function Book
Author : Charles D. Barnes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323156770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function summarizes the research findings on major bulbospinal control systems. It explores how sensory, reflex-evoking inputs to the central nervous system (CNS) modulate descending control signals and how descending control signals regulate the excitability or gains of the segmental reflex arcs. It also looks at the role of the reticulospinal system in the control of movement, the effects of labyrinth and neck inputs on vestibulospinal and medullary reticulospinal neurons, the behavioral significance of the raphe-spinal system, locus coeruleus control of spinal cord activity, and the influence of allergic encephalomyelitis on monoaminergic neurotransmission. Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the findings on how human spinal reflexes are modulated. It then discusses the reticulospinal system, its role in the control of movements, and its involvement in responses elicited from several sensory systems. In addition, the book examines the response characteristics of the vestibulospinal and the medullary reticulospinal systems based on experiments on labyrinthine and neck input. Other chapters focus on all aspects, including motor and sensory, of the raphe-spinal system, physiological aspects of coerulospinal neurons, and the mechanisms by which allergic encephalomyelitis results in hindlimb paralysis. This book is a valuable resource for physiologists and students of physiology.

Neuromodulatory Control of Spinal Function in Health and Disease

Neuromodulatory Control of Spinal Function in Health and Disease Book
Author : Brian R. Noga,Shawn Hochman,Hans Hultborn
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN : 2889635171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuromodulatory Control of Spinal Function in Health and Disease book written by Brian R. Noga,Shawn Hochman,Hans Hultborn, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spinal and Supraspinal Mechanisms of Voluntary Motor Control and Locomotion

Spinal and Supraspinal Mechanisms of Voluntary Motor Control and Locomotion Book
Author : John E. Desmedt
Publisher : S Karger Ag
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spinal and Supraspinal Mechanisms of Voluntary Motor Control and Locomotion book written by John E. Desmedt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement Book
Author : M.D. Binder
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-12-17
ISBN : 9780080862484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last decade, we have witnessed a striking maturation of our understanding of how neurons in the spinal cord control muscular activity and movement. Paradoxically, a host of new findings have revealed an unexpected versatility in the behavior of these well-studied neural elements and circuits. In this volume, the world's leading experts review the current state of our knowledge of motor control, outline their latest results and developments, and delineate the seminal unresolved questions in this vibrant field of research. The volume begins with a commentary and overview of our current understanding of the peripheral and spinal basis of motor control. The remainder of the volume is divided into seven sections, each focused on a different problem. The first chapter in each section provides some historical review and presages the experimental findings and hypotheses that are discussed in subsequent chapters. Topics include the biomechanics of neuromuscular systems, the properties of motoneurons and the muscle units they control, spinal interneurons, pattern generating circuits, locomotion, descending control of spinal circuits, comparative physiology of motor systems, and motor systems neurophysiology studied in man. The book serves as a unique reference volume and should be essential reading for anyone interested in motor systems. Moreover, the volume's comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics make it an effective textbook for graduate level courses in motor control neurobiology, kinesiology, physical therapy, and rehabilitation medicine.

The Circuitry of the Human Spinal Cord

The Circuitry of the Human Spinal Cord Book
Author : Emmanuel Pierrot-Deseilligny,David Burke
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-06-08
ISBN : 9780521825818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surveys the control of human spinal cord circuits, in normal movement and in disease states.

Spinal and Peripheral Neural Control of Bladder Activity

Spinal and Peripheral Neural Control of Bladder Activity Book
Author : Yasuhiko Igawa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spinal and Peripheral Neural Control of Bladder Activity book written by Yasuhiko Igawa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Control of Nociceptive Transmission in the Spinal Cord

Control of Nociceptive Transmission in the Spinal Cord Book
Author : W.D. Willis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-11-24
ISBN : 9783642685682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Control of Nociceptive Transmission in the Spinal Cord book written by W.D. Willis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Muscle Afferents and Spinal Control of Movement

Muscle Afferents and Spinal Control of Movement Book
Author : L. Jami,Emmanuel Pierrot-Deseilligny,D. Zytnicki
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 9780080419794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents collected papers based on the symposium held to honour Yves Laporte on the occasion of his retirement. All the chapters have subsequently been edited and drawn together in a cohesive style. The theme, muscle receptors and their role in the spinal management of movement is covered from four angles. The first chapter on muscle receptors is devoted to spindles, with studies in animals and humans, and contributions on tendons, organs and nociceptors. Chapter two, in addition to studies on motoneurons and motor units, contains an incursion into the newly developing field of slice cultures of the spinal cord. The other two chapters deal with gaze muscle afferents and the problems of eye muscle proprioception, and spinal circuits. Throughout the book there is a blend of reviews and snapshot reports of current research in this rapidly developing area of neuroscience.

Spinal Control Differences Between the Sexes

Spinal Control Differences Between the Sexes Book
Author : Samuel Thomas Johnson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite years of research, females continue to have a higher incidence of non-contact ACL injuries. One of the major findings of this research is that males and females perform certain tasks, such as, cutting, landing, and single-leg squatting, differently. In particular, females tend to move the knee into a more valgus position; a motion putting the ACL at risk for injury. Yet the underlying spinal control mechanisms modulating this motion are unknown. Additionally, the mechanisms regulating the ability to rapidly initiate and produce maximal torque are also unknown. Therefore, the purpose was to: 1) determine if the sexes modulate spinal control differently, 2) examine the contributions of spinal control mechanisms to valgus knee motion, and 3) identify contributions of spinal control to the ability to rapidly produce force. The spinal control variables were the first derivative of the Hoffmann (H)-reflex, the first derivative of extrinsic pre-synaptic inhibition (EPI), the first derivative of intrinsic pre-synaptic inhibition (IPI), recurrent inhibition (RI), and V-waves. To assess the neuromuscular system's ability to rapidly activate, rate of torque development (RTD) and electromechanical delay (EMD) were measured. Lastly, valgus motion was determined by the frontal plane projection angle (FPPA). The results reveal males and females do modulate spinal control differently; specifically males had an increased RTD, which is the slope of the torque-time curve, and increased RI, which is a post-synaptic regulator of torque output. However, the spinal control mechanisms did not significantly contribute to FPPA at the knee. EMD which is the time lag from muscle activity to torque production was significantly predicted by the spinal control mechanisms. Specifically, EPI, a modulator of afferent inflow from peripheral and descending sources, IPI, a regulator of Ia afferent inflow, and sex significantly contributed to EMD. Lastly, the spinal control mechanisms significantly contributed to RTD. Specifically, IPI, sex, and V-waves, a measure of supraspinal drive, all significantly contributed to RTD.

Control of Posture and Locomotion

Control of Posture and Locomotion Book
Author : R. Stein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461345472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

R. B. Stein Department of Physiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada The impetus for this volume and the conference that gave rise to it was the feeling that studies on motor control had reached a turning point. In recent years, studies on motor units and muscle receptors have become increasingly detailed. Attempts to integrate these studies into quantitative models for the spinal control of posture have appeared and preliminary attempts have been made to include the most direct supraspinal pathways into these models (see for example the chapters by Nashner and Melvill Jones et al. in this volume). Thus, we felt that the time was ripe to summarize these developments in a way which might be useful not only to basic medical scientists, but also to clinicians dealing with disorders of motor control, and to bioengineers attempting to build devices to assist or replace normal control. Over the past few years, computer methods have also made possible increasingly detailed studies of mammalian locomotion, and improved physiological and pharmacological studies have appeared. There seems to be almost universal agreement now that the patterns for locomotion are generated in the spinal cord, and that they can be generated with little, if any, phasic sensory information (see chapters by Grillner and Miller et al. ). This concludes a long controversy on whether chains of reflexes or central circuits generate stepping patterns. The nature of the pattern generators in mammals remains obscure, but invertebrate studies on locomotion have recently made striking advances.

Control of Pain in Childbirth

Control of Pain in Childbirth Book
Author : Clifford Bell Lull,Robert Andrew Hingson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1948
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Control of Pain in Childbirth book written by Clifford Bell Lull,Robert Andrew Hingson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine

The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geriatric Rehabilitation Manual

Geriatric Rehabilitation Manual Book
Author : Timothy L. Kauffman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concise, comprehensive guidance on the physical rehabilitation of older adults. It is convenient, quick-access information on the evaluation and treatment of a complete range of geriatric diseases and disorders. It includes succinct coverage reviews each health problem's incidence, diagnositic tests and associated diagnoses, clinical implications for mobility, rehabilitation techniques and more. A welath of superb illustrations help make this simple to understand and apply.

Nervous Control of Cardiovascular Function

Nervous Control of Cardiovascular Function Book
Author : Walter C. Randall
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describing the functional neural regulation of the heart and circulation, this book illustrates recent research on the cardiac innervation, selective denervation, receptor mechanisms, and the neural mediation of cardiovascular reflexes. The pathways mediating cardiac pain, behavioural, and exercise inputs are also discussed in detail.

Spinal Mechanisms of Hyperalgesia in Experimental Diabetes

Spinal Mechanisms of Hyperalgesia in Experimental Diabetes Book
Author : Jason D. Freshwater
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spinal Mechanisms of Hyperalgesia in Experimental Diabetes book written by Jason D. Freshwater, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spinal Cord Injury Medical Engineering

Spinal Cord Injury Medical Engineering Book
Author : Hans L. Frankel
Publisher : Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spinal Cord Injury Medical Engineering book written by Hans L. Frankel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Studies on the spinal control of reflex limb movements by chelonia

Studies on the spinal control of reflex limb movements by chelonia Book
Author : Tamara Valk-Fai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Studies on the spinal control of reflex limb movements by chelonia book written by Tamara Valk-Fai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.