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Spectroscopy Diffraction And Tomography In Art And Heritage Science

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Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-07-06
ISBN : 9780080548814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Chapter 1 Dudley Creagh writes on "synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies". Loic Bertrand has written in Chapter 2 on synchrotron imaging for archaeology and art history, conservation, and palaeontology. Dr. Bertrand is Archaeology and cultural heritage officer at the new French synchrotron, Synchrotron Soleil (Orme les Mesuriers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). He is charged with the task of raising the awareness of cultural heritage scientists to the use of synchrotron radiation for their research. Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects. Dr. Cole is Deputy Chief of the Novel Materials and Processes Division of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Melbourne, Australia). He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5. This technique will significantly enhance the ability of conservators to study the palette of pigments used by artists, check for repairs by others, and detect fraudulent paintings. · Demonstrates the amazing efforts being made in using physical techniques for the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage · Provides succinct accounts of how cultural heritage is being preserved. · Looks at how science is being used to enrich our knowledge of the creative arts

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Gilberto Artioli
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-07-08
ISBN : 0199548269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artioli provides an introduction to the methods and rationales of the scientific investigation of cultural heritage materials, with an emphasis placed on the analytical strategies, modes of operation and resulting information rather than on technicalities.

Conservation of Easel Paintings

Conservation of Easel Paintings Book
Author : Joyce Hill Stoner,Rebecca Rushfield
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 042968097X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conservation of Easel Paintings, Second Edition provides a much-anticipated update to the previous edition, which has come to be known internationally as an invaluable and comprehensive text on the history, philosophy and methods of the treatment of easel paintings. Including 49 chapters written by more than 90 respected authors from around the world, this volume offers the necessary background knowledge in technical art history, artists’ materials and scientific methods of examination and documentation. Later sections of the book provide information about the varying approaches and methods for treatment and issues of preventive conservation, as well as valuable reflections on storage, shipping, and exhibition. Including exciting developments that have taken place since the last edition was published, the book also covers new techniques of examination, especially MacroXRF scanning and Reflectance Transmission Imagery. Drawing on research presented at recent professional conferences, information about innovative methods for cleaning modern and contemporary paintings and insights into modern oil paints is also included. Incorporating the latest regulations and understanding of health and safety practices and integrating theory with practice throughout, Conservation of Easel Paintings, Second Edition will continue to be an indispensable reference for practicing conservators. It will also be an essential resource for students taking conservation courses around the world.

Analytical Chemistry for Cultural Heritage

Analytical Chemistry for Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Rocco Mazzeo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-01
ISBN : 3319528041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience.Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

Synchrotron Radiation

Synchrotron Radiation Book
Author : Settimio Mobilio,Federico Boscherini,Carlo Meneghini
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-06
ISBN : 364255315X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synchrotron radiation is today extensively used for fundamental and applied research in many different fields of science. Its exceptional characteristics in terms of intensity, brilliance, spectral range, time structure and now also coherence pushed many experimental techniques to previously un-reachable limits, enabling the performance of experiments unbelievable only few years ago. The book gives an up-to-date overview of synchrotron radiation research today with a view to the future, starting from its generation and sources, its interaction with matter, illustrating the main experimental technique employed and provides an overview of the main fields of research in which new and innovative results are obtained. The book is addressed to PhD students and young researchers to provide both an introductory and a rather deep knowledge of the field. It will also be helpful to experienced researcher who want to approach the field in a professional way.

X rays for Archaeology

X rays for Archaeology Book
Author : M. Uda,G. Demortier,I. Nakai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-08-10
ISBN : 9781402035807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The application of X-rays to objects of archaeology and insights into construction and chemical composition in a non-destructive manner date back to the discovery of radiation. This book contains measurement data taken with portable XRF and XRD, and data taken with accelerating ion beams and synchrotron radiations, and with their explanation.

Synchrotron Radiation in Materials Science

Synchrotron Radiation in Materials Science Book
Author : Rogério Magalhaes-Paniago
Publisher : American Institute of Physics
Release : 2009-02-25
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This conference brings together leading edge researchers from around the world and is a celebration of the increasingly important relationship between materials science and synchrotron radiation research. Special attention was given to the contribution that Synchrotron Radiation techniques have given to unsolved problems in Materials Science. The main organizer of SRMS-6 was the Brazilian Synchrotron Laboratory, with support from several Brazilian and Latin-American Agencies and Universities. The main topical areas of this conference series are, Archaeological Materials, Catalysts and clusters, Complex oxides, Data-storage and Engineering materials, Films, Surfaces and Interfaces, Geo-physical and Electronic materials, Glasses and Ceramics, Liquids, Magnetism, Materials under Extreme conditions (high pressure, etc.), Metals and Alloys, Metamaterials, Molecular electronics, Multiferroics, Nanostructured materials and Self-assembly, Polymers and Biomaterials, Photo materials, Nanofocus techniques, Strongly correlated materials, Superconducting materials, Industrial use of SR, Instrumentation/Recent Developments.

Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences

Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences Book
Author : Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 1351251570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume, Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences. focuses on recent theoretical and practical advances in polymers and their blends, composites, and nanocompos¬ites related to their microscopic characterization. It highlights recent accomplishments and trends in the field of polymer nanocomposites and filled polymers related to microstructural characterization. This book gives an insight and better understanding into the development in microscopy as a tool for characterization. The book emphasizes recent research work in the field of microscopy in life sciences and materials sciences mainly related to its synthesis, characterizations, and applications. The book explains the application of microscopic techniques in life sciences and materials sciences, and their applications and state of current research carried out. The book aims to foster a better understanding of the properties of polymer composites by describing new techniques to measure microstructure property relationships and by utilizing techniques and expertise developed in the conventional filled polymer composites. Characterization techniques, particularly microstructural characterization, have proven to be extremely difficult because of the range of length-scales associated with these materials. Topics include: •Instrumentation and Techniques: advances in scanning probe microscopy, SEM, TEM, OM. 3D imaging and tomography, electron diffraction techniques and analytical microscopy, advances in sample preparation techniques in-situ microscopy, correlative microscopy in life and material sciences, low voltage electron microscopy. •Life Sciences: Structure and imaging of biomolecules, live cell imaging, neurobiology, organelles and cellular dynamics, multi-disciplinary approaches for medical and biological sciences, microscopic application in plants, microorganism and environmental science, super resolution microscopy in biological sciences. •Materials Sciences: materials for nanotechnology, metals alloys and inter-metallic, ceramics, composites, minerals and microscopy in cultural heritage, thin films, coatings, surfaces and interfaces, carbon based materials, polymers and soft materials and self-assembled materials, semiconductors and magnetic materials. Polymers and inorganic nanoparticles. The volume will be of significant interest to scientists working on the basic issues surrounding polymers, nanocomposites, and nanoparticulate-filled polymers, as well as those working in industry on applied problems, such as processing. Because of the multidisciplinary nature of this research, the book will be valuable to chemists, materials scientists, physicists, chemical engineers, and processing specialists who are involved and interested in the future frontiers of blends.