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Spectroscopic Techniques At High Pressure

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In Situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure

In Situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure Book
Author : Andreas Braeuer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-12-11
ISBN : 9780444634221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure provides a comprehensive treatment of in-situ applications of spectroscopic techniques at high pressure and their working principles, allowing the reader to develop a deep understanding of which measurements are accessible with each technique, what their limitations are, and for which application each technique is best suited. Coverage is also given to the instrumental requirements for these applications, with respect to the high pressure instrumentation and the spectroscopic components of the equipment. The pedagogical style of the book is supplemented by the inclusion of "study questions" which aim to make it useful for graduate-level courses. Bridges the gap between supercritical fluid science/technology and in-situ spectroscopic techniques Provides a powerful guide to applying spectroscopic techniques as gainful sensors at high pressure Highlights the influence of a high pressure environment and high pressure equipment on spectroscopic techniques Presents a deep understanding of which measurements are accessible with each technique, what their limitations are, and for which application each technique is best suited

In situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure

In situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure Book
Author : Andreas Braeuer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-12-07
ISBN : 0444634207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In situ Spectroscopic Techniques at High Pressure provides a comprehensive treatment of in-situ applications of spectroscopic techniques at high pressure and their working principles, allowing the reader to develop a deep understanding of which measurements are accessible with each technique, what their limitations are, and for which application each technique is best suited. Coverage is also given to the instrumental requirements for these applications, with respect to the high pressure instrumentation and the spectroscopic components of the equipment. The pedagogical style of the book is supplemented by the inclusion of "study questions" which aim to make it useful for graduate-level courses. Bridges the gap between supercritical fluid science/technology and in-situ spectroscopic techniques Provides a powerful guide to applying spectroscopic techniques as gainful sensors at high pressure Highlights the influence of a high pressure environment and high pressure equipment on spectroscopic techniques Presents a deep understanding of which measurements are accessible with each technique, what their limitations are, and for which application each technique is best suited

Science and Technology of High Pressure

Science and Technology of High Pressure Book
Author : Murli H. Manghnani,W. J. Nellis,Malcolm F. Nicol
Publisher : Universities Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9788173713385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These books presents a wide spectrum of research and development activities in the field of High Pressure Science and Technology. These book provide comprehensive and interdisciplinary descriptions of recent research accomplishments in the biological, chemical, Earth, materrals, physical, physiological and related sciences.

Spectroscopic Techniques for Polymer Characterization

Spectroscopic Techniques for Polymer Characterization Book
Author : Yukihiro Ozaki,Harumi Sato
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-12-06
ISBN : 3527348336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demonstrates the vast potential of spectroscopic characterization possibilities in polymer research, it clearly outlines and describes the principles, advantages, instrumentation, experimental techniques, and noteworthy applications of cutting-edge spectroscopy.

High Pressure Bioscience

High Pressure Bioscience Book
Author : Kazuyuki Akasaka,Hitoshi Matsuki
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-07-14
ISBN : 9401799180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers both the basic concepts and theory of bio-macromolecules under pressure and the various frontiers in high-pressure bioscience and biotechnology. A century has passed since Bridgman discovered the irreversible coagulation of egg white by applying pressure at 700 atmospheres in 1914. Today we are able to monitor pressure-dependent changes in protein structure as a reversible process even at atomic scale with modern spectroscopic techniques. We can study the fluctuating reality of protein structures as designed by nature, which is the basis for all dynamism of life on earth. We are currently facing a new era of high-pressure bioscience, in which pressure is no longer an “odd” or “foreign” variable to life, but rather an integrated part of it. Pressure is used as a crucial variable for disclosing the secrets of nature and as a powerful new tool for enhancing certain reactions in bio-macromolecules and even in living cells for our practical and industrial needs. A dramatic advancement of high-pressure bioscience both in the basic and the applied sciences is thus anticipated in near future, for which sharing the current advanced knowledge on structure and dynamics of bio-macromolecules under pressure among researchers in both fields is crucial. This book serves as a valuable resource not only for those working directly in a pressure-related field, but also for those working in many other fields of the biosciences. Particularly, the basic part of it is intended to serve as a classical text book on high-pressure bioscience to a wide audience including students and researchers in both basic and applied fields in years to come. Readers can focus on topics of immediate interest first, but may wish to go over other chapters if interest arises in a later occasion.

High Pressure Molecular Science

High Pressure Molecular Science Book
Author : R. Winter,Jiri Jonas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401146691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For chemists, biochemists, physicists and materials scientists, pressure as an experimental variable represents a tool that provides unique information about the microscopic properties of the materials being studied. In addition to its use as a research tool for investigating the energetics, structure, dynamics and kinetics of molecular transformations of materials, pressure is also being used to modify the properties of materials to preserve or improve their properties. The contributions collected here cover the main areas of high pressure research, including applications in materials science, condensed matter physics, chemistry and biochemistry. In addition, some papers offer more specialised aspects of high pressure studies. The book makes clear the impressive range of fundamental and applied problems that can be studied by high pressure techniques and also points towards a major growth of high pressure science and technology in the near future.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Molecular Crystals At High Pressure

Materials Under Extreme Conditions  Molecular Crystals At High Pressure Book
Author : Vincenzo Schettino,Roberto Bini
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 1783264314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-pressure materials research has been revolutionized in the past few years due to technological breakthroughs in the diamond anvil cell (DAC), shock wave compression and molecular dynamic simulation (MD) methods. The application of high pressure, especially together with high temperature, has revealed exciting modifications of physical and chemical properties even in the simplest molecular materials.Besides the fundamental importance of these studies to understand the composition and the dynamics of heart and planets' interior, new materials possessing peculiar characteristics of hardness and composition have been synthesized at very high pressure, while unexpected chemical reactions of simple molecules to polymers and amorphous compounds have been found at milder conditions.The variety of the phenomena observed in these extreme conditions and of the materials involved provides a common ground bridging scientific communities with different cultural and experimental backgrounds. This monograph will provide a timely opportunity to report on recent progress in the field.

Advances in High Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications

Advances in High Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications Book
Author : J. Chen,Y. Wang,Simon Duffy,G. Shen,L.P. Dobrzhinetskaya
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-13
ISBN : 9780080457666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-pressure mineral physics is a field that is strongly driven by the development of new technology. Fifty years ago, when experimentally achievable pressures were limited to just 25 GPa, little was know about the mineralogy of the Earth's lower mantle. Silicate perovskite, the likely dominant mineral of the deep Earth, was identified only when the high-pressure techniques broke the pressure barrier of 25 GPa in 1970s. However, as the maximum achievable pressure reached beyond one Megabar (100 GPa) and even to the pressure of Earth’s core on minute samples, new discoveries increasingly were fostered by the development of new analytical techniques and improvements in sensitivity and precision of existing techniques. The book consists of six sections which group the papers according to their main topics: a) Elastic and Anelastic Properties; b) Rheology; c) Melt and Glass Properties; d) Structural and Magnetic Properties; e) Diffraction and Spectroscopy; f) Pressure Calibration and Generation. As many papers cover multiple topics, readers may find papers of interest in different sections. All papers are prepared with emphasis on technical details suitable for a technical reference. Many on-line software resources are also listed in as detailed a manner as possible. However, the URL of the software sites may be subject to change without notice. * State of the art in a very important branch of geophysics, namely the experimental determination of material behavior at the extreme conditions of planetary interiors * Emphasis on technical details suitable for a technical reference * Includes many on-line software resources

Spectroscopic Research at High Pressure and Variable Temperature

Spectroscopic Research at High Pressure and Variable Temperature Book
Author : W. F. Sherman,KING'S COLL LONDON (England)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Work concentrated on the use of spectroscopic techniques to probe material held under high pressure at various temperatures with the objective of improving understanding of intermolecular forces and the material properties which depend on them. Included in the work was the development of high pressure optical cells to extend capabilities to high temperatures (1,500K) and investigations of the use of non-spectroscopic probes. (Author).

High Pressure Physics

High Pressure Physics Book
Author : John Loveday
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-06-06
ISBN : 1439814295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-pressure science has undergone a revolution in the last 15 years. The development of intense new x-ray and neutron sources, improved detectors, new instrumentation, greatly increased computation power, and advanced computational algorithms have enabled researchers to determine the behavior of matter at static pressures in excess of 400 GPa. Sh

High Pressure Geochemistry Mineral Physics

High Pressure Geochemistry   Mineral Physics Book
Author : S. Mitra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-11
ISBN : 9780080458229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant achievements have been made at the cross-roads of physics and planetary science. In the second half of the twentieth century, the discipline of planetary sciences has witnessed three major episodes which have revolutionized its approach and content: (i) the plate-tectonic theory, (ii) human landing and discoveries in planetary astronomy and (iii) the extraordinary technical advancement in high P-T studies, which have been abetted by a vast improvement in computational methods. Using these new computational methods, such as first principles including ab initio models, calculations have been made for the electronic structure, bonding, thermal EOS, elasticity, melting, thermal conductivity and diffusivity. In this monograph, the boundaries of the definitions of a petrologist, geochemist, geophysicist or a mineralogist have been willfully eliminated to bring them all under the spectrum of "high-pressure geochemistry" when they deal with any material (quintessentially a chemical assemblage) - terrestrial or extraterrestrial - under the conditions of high-pressure and temperature. Thus, a petrologist using a spectrometer or any instrument for high-pressure studies of a rock or a mineral, or a geochemist using them for chemical synthesis and characterization, is better categorized as a "high-pressure geochemist" rather than any other kind of disciplinarian. The contents of this monograph bring together, under one cover, apparently disparate disciplines like solid-earth geophysics and geochemistry as well as material science and condensed-matter physics to present a thorough overview of high pressure geochemistry. Indeed, such interdisciplinary activities led to the discovery of new phenomena such as high P-T behaviour in metal oxides (e.g. Mott transition), novel transitions such as amorphization, changes in order-disorder in crystals and the anomalous properties of oxide melts.

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy Book
Author : A. Beran ,E. Libowitzky
Publisher : The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9634636624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy book written by A. Beran ,E. Libowitzky, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Material Sciences

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Material Sciences Book
Author : Grant Henderson,Daniel Neuville,Robert Downs
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 161451786X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Material Science covers significant advances in the technological aspects and applications of spectroscopic and microscopic techniques used in the Earth and Materials Sciences. The current volume compliments the now classic Volume 18, Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Geology, which became an essential resource to many scientists and educators for the past two decades. This volume updates techniques covered in Volume 18, and introduces new techniques available for probing the secrets of Earth materials, such as X-ray Raman and Brillouin spectroscopy. Other important topics including Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) are also covered.

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 0128032251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

Life at High Pressure

Life at High Pressure Book
Author : Alister Macdonald
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 3030675874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Life at High Pressure book written by Alister Macdonald, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Comparative High Pressure Biology

Comparative High Pressure Biology Book
Author : Philippe Sebert
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1000738078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High pressure biology is an old, fascinating and stimulating field of research. One of the major reasons for the interest in studying high pressure is that this environmental factor also plays an important role in thermodynamics and consequently in biology. Pressure, from a biological perspective, has a bearing on all living creatures. The book pre

Ultrahigh Pressure Mineralogy

Ultrahigh Pressure Mineralogy Book
Author : Russell J. Hemley
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1501509179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 37 of Reviews in Mineralogy, divided into three sections, begins with an overview (Chapter 1) of the remarkable advances in the ability to subject minerals-not only as pristine single-crystal samples but also complex, natural mineral assemblages-to extreme pressure-temperature conditions in the laboratory. These advances parallel the development of an arsenal of analytical methods for measuring mineral behavior under those conditions. This sets the stage for section two (Chapters 2-8) which focuses on high-pressure minerals in their geological setting as a function of depth. This top-down approach begins with what we know from direct sampling of high-pressure minerals and rocks brought to the surface to detailed geophysical observations of the vast interior. The third section (Chapters 9-19) presents the material fundamentals, starting from properties of a chemical nature, such as crystal chemistry, thermochemistry, element partitioning, and melting, and moving toward the domain of mineral physics such as melt properties, equations of state, elasticity, rheology, vibrational dynamics, bonding, electronic structure, and magnetism. The Review thus moves from the complexity of rocks to their mineral components and finally to fundamental properties arising directly from the play of electrons and nuclei. This volume was prepared for a short course by the same title, organized by Russell J. Hemley and Ho-kwang Mao and sponsored by the Mineralogical Society of America, December 4-6, 1998 on the campus of the University of California at Davis.

An Introduction to High Pressure Science and Technology

An Introduction to High Pressure Science and Technology Book
Author : Jose Manuel Recio,Jose Manuel Menendez,Alberto Otero de la Roza
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-05
ISBN : 1498736238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to High-Pressure Science and Technology provides you with an understanding of the connections between the different areas involved in the multidisciplinary science of high pressure. The book reflects the deep interdisciplinary nature of the field and its close relationship with industrial applications.Thirty-nine specialists in high

High Pressure Phenomena

High Pressure Phenomena Book
Author : M. Bernasconi,Società italiana di fisica
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781586032692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reports on the Enrico Fermi School, the first one dedicated to advanced organic materials. The main research results and open problems in science and technology of organic nanostructures have been discussed here - in particular, growth techniques, electronic and optical properties and device applications. The necessary background material has been covered and interdisciplinary aspects have been emphasized with the aim of a unified approach to the basic physical phenomena bridging the gap between standard graduate courses and the state of the art in the field.

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing Book
Author : Tiziana Fornari,Roumiana P. Stateva
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-31
ISBN : 3319106112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to present the fundamentals of high pressure technologies from the perspective of mass transfer phenomena and thermodynamic considerations. Novel food applications are exposed and their relation to chemical analysis, extraction, reaction and particle formation processes are outlined. The chapters are written by a diverse group of scientists with expertise in chemistry, food processes, analytical chemistry, chemical engineering and chemical engineering thermodynamics, and biotechnology. The mission of green food engineering is to promote innovative technologies that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous materials (solvents, reagents) in the design and operation of food related processes, with the view to improve food safety and quality. Several efficient, environmentally friendly and benign technologies based on the use of high pressure and green solvents have demonstrated to be sustainable alternatives to traditional processes in the food industry. Although hundreds of new ideas are being published in the open literature, reliable engineering tools to simulate and design those processes are still under development. High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing presents in-depth analyses and outlines the ways towards their maturity. Tiziana Fornari, Research Institute of Food Science (CIAL) Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain Roumiana P. Stateva, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria