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Special Relativity

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Relativity The Special and General Theory

Relativity  The Special and General Theory Book
Author : Albert Einstein
Publisher : Diamond Pocket Books Pvt Ltd
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 9390960711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Albert Einstein, a Nobel laureate, has changed the world with his research and theories. He is regarded as the founder of modern physics. Besides ‘Relativity’, he worked on Photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, Special relativity, and Mass-Energy equivalence (E=mc2). They reformed the views on time, space and matter. Allert Einstein developed the general theory of ‘Relativity’. He published ‘Relativity: The Special and the General Theory’ in German. Its first English translation was published in 1920. The book deals with the special theory of relativity, the general theory of relativity, and the considerations on the universe as a whole The book gives an exact insight into the theory of Relativity. It covers, the system of Co-ordinates; The Lorentz Transformation; The experiment of Fizeau; Minkowski’s four dimensional space; The Gravitational Field; Gaussian Co-ordinates; The structure of space, and lot many other scientific concepts thus will be highly beneficial to the Readers. A must have book for everyone related to modern physics.

The Special Theory of Relativity

The Special Theory of Relativity Book
Author : David Bohm
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780415148092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents the theory of relativity as a unified whole. By showing that the concepts of this theory are interrelated to form a unified totality David Bohm supplements some of the more specialist courses which have tended to give students a fragmentary impression of the logical and conceptual nature of physics as a whole.

Special Relativity

Special Relativity Book
Author : Thomas M. Helliwell
Publisher : Univ Science Books
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Special Relativity is a superb text for students to begin or continue a serious study of physics. Describing the most accessible of the 20th-century revolutions, it also illustrates the fact that nature is stranger than one imagines. The book evolved through years of teaching a highly-successful course to thousands of first-year students in science and engineering. It is appropriate as part of an introductory physics course, as a supplement to a "modern physics" course, as a text for a special topics or advanced placement course, or even as a supplement in an advanced undergraduate course. Numerous illustrations, examples, and problems are presented throughout, with the concise mathematical description postponed until after the reader has built up some physical intuition for what is going on. The book contains many applications, from particle decays, colliding-beam experiments and photon rockets to a brief introduction to relativistic gravitation, including the Principle of Equivalence, the effect of altitude on clocks, and the Global Positioning System. Ten appendices can be taken up as interest and time allow, including The "Cosmic Speed Limit." The book is a serious introduction, praised for its clarity, accessibility, and informal, light-hearted style."--pub. desc.

Special Relativity

Special Relativity Book
Author : Michael Tsamparlis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-05-17
ISBN : 3642038379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Writing a new book on the classic subject of Special Relativity, on which numerous important physicists have contributed and many books have already been written, can be like adding another epicycle to the Ptolemaic cosmology. Furthermore, it is our belief that if a book has no new elements, but simply repeats what is written in the existing literature, perhaps with a different style, then this is not enough to justify its publication. However, after having spent a number of years, both in class and research with relativity, I have come to the conclusion that there exists a place for a new book. Since it appears that somewhere along the way, mathem- ics may have obscured and prevailed to the degree that we tend to teach relativity (and I believe, theoretical physics) simply using “heavier” mathematics without the inspiration and the mastery of the classic physicists of the last century. Moreover current trends encourage the application of techniques in producing quick results and not tedious conceptual approaches resulting in long-lasting reasoning. On the other hand, physics cannot be done a ́ la carte stripped from philosophy, or, to put it in a simple but dramatic context A building is not an accumulation of stones! As a result of the above, a major aim in the writing of this book has been the distinction between the mathematics of Minkowski space and the physics of r- ativity.

Special Relativity

Special Relativity Book
Author : Valerio Faraoni
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-15
ISBN : 3319011073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an essential bridge between college-level introductions and advanced graduate-level books on special relativity. It begins at an elementary level, presenting and discussing the basic concepts normally covered in college-level works, including the Lorentz transformation. Subsequent chapters introduce the four-dimensional worldview implied by the Lorentz transformations, mixing time and space coordinates, before continuing on to the formalism of tensors, a topic usually avoided in lower-level courses. The book’s second half addresses a number of essential points, including the concept of causality; the equivalence between mass and energy, including applications; relativistic optics; and measurements and matter in Minkowski space-time. The closing chapters focus on the energy-momentum tensor of a continuous distribution of mass-energy and its co-variant conservation; angular momentum; a discussion of the scalar field of perfect fluids and the Maxwell field; and general coordinates. Every chapter is supplemented by a section with numerous exercises, allowing readers to practice the theory. These exercises constitute an essential part of the textbook, and the solutions to approximately half of them are provided in the appendix.

Very Special Relativity

Very Special Relativity Book
Author : Sander Bais
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780674026117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, first published in 1905, radically changed our understanding of the world. Familiar notions of space and time and energy were turned on their head, and our struggle with Einstein's counterintuitive explanation of these concepts was under way. The task is no easier today than it was a hundred years ago, but in this book Sander Bais has found an original and uniquely effective way to convey the fundamental ideas of Einstein's Special Theory. Bais's previous book, The Equations, was widely read and roundly praised for its clear and commonsense explanation of the math in physics. Very Special Relativity brings the same accessible approach to Einstein's theory. Using a series of easy-to-follow diagrams and employing only elementary high school geometry, Bais conducts readers through the quirks and quandaries of such fundamental concepts as simultaneity, causality, and time dilation. The diagrams also illustrate the difference between the Newtonian view, in which time was universal, and the Einsteinian, in which the speed of light is universal. Following Bais's straightforward sequence of simple, commonsense arguments, readers can tinker with the theory and its great paradoxes and, finally, arrive at a truly deep understanding of Einstein's interpretation of space and time. An intellectual journey into the heart of the Special Theory, the book offers an intimate look at the terms and ideas that define our reality.

Special Relativity in General Frames

Special Relativity in General Frames Book
Author : Éric Gourgoulhon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-20
ISBN : 3642372767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Special relativity is the basis of many fields in modern physics: particle physics, quantum field theory, high-energy astrophysics, etc. This theory is presented here by adopting a four-dimensional point of view from the start. An outstanding feature of the book is that it doesn’t restrict itself to inertial frames but considers accelerated and rotating observers. It is thus possible to treat physical effects such as the Thomas precession or the Sagnac effect in a simple yet precise manner. In the final chapters, more advanced topics like tensorial fields in spacetime, exterior calculus and relativistic hydrodynamics are addressed. In the last, brief chapter the author gives a preview of gravity and shows where it becomes incompatible with Minkowsky spacetime. Well illustrated and enriched by many historical notes, this book also presents many applications of special relativity, ranging from particle physics (accelerators, particle collisions, quark-gluon plasma) to astrophysics (relativistic jets, active galactic nuclei), and including practical applications (Sagnac gyrometers, synchrotron radiation, GPS). In addition, the book provides some mathematical developments, such as the detailed analysis of the Lorentz group and its Lie algebra. The book is suitable for students in the third year of a physics degree or on a masters course, as well as researchers and any reader interested in relativity. Thanks to the geometric approach adopted, this book should also be beneficial for the study of general relativity. “A modern presentation of special relativity must put forward its essential structures, before illustrating them using concrete applications to specific dynamical problems. Such is the challenge (so successfully met!) of the beautiful book by Éric Gourgoulhon.” (excerpt from the Foreword by Thibault Damour)

The Geometry of Special Relativity

The Geometry of Special Relativity Book
Author : Tevian Dray
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-02
ISBN : 1466510471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Geometry of Special Relativity provides an introduction to special relativity that encourages readers to see beyond the formulas to the deeper geometric structure. The text treats the geometry of hyperbolas as the key to understanding special relativity. This approach replaces the ubiquitous γ symbol of most standard treatments with the appropriate hyperbolic trigonometric functions. In most cases, this not only simplifies the appearance of the formulas, but also emphasizes their geometric content in such a way as to make them almost obvious. Furthermore, many important relations, including the famous relativistic addition formula for velocities, follow directly from the appropriate trigonometric addition formulas. The book first describes the basic physics of special relativity to set the stage for the geometric treatment that follows. It then reviews properties of ordinary two-dimensional Euclidean space, expressed in terms of the usual circular trigonometric functions, before presenting a similar treatment of two-dimensional Minkowski space, expressed in terms of hyperbolic trigonometric functions. After covering special relativity again from the geometric point of view, the text discusses standard paradoxes, applications to relativistic mechanics, the relativistic unification of electricity and magnetism, and further steps leading to Einstein’s general theory of relativity. The book also briefly describes the further steps leading to Einstein’s general theory of relativity and then explores applications of hyperbola geometry to non-Euclidean geometry and calculus, including a geometric construction of the derivatives of trigonometric functions and the exponential function.

Introduction to Special Relativity

Introduction to Special Relativity Book
Author : James H. Smith
Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
Release : 2016-03-22
ISBN : 0486808963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By the year 1900, most of physics seemed to be encompassed in the two great theories of Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism. Unfortunately, there were inconsistencies between the two theories that seemed irreconcilable. Although many physicists struggled with the problem, it took the genius of Einstein to see that the inconsistencies were concerned not merely with mechanics and electromagnetism, but with our most elementary ideas of space and time. In the special theory of relativity, Einstein resolved these difficulties and profoundly altered our conception of the physical universe. Readers looking for a concise, well-written explanation of one of the most important theories in modern physics need search no further than this lucid undergraduate-level text. Replete with examples that make it especially suitable for self-study, the book assumes only a knowledge of algebra. Topics include classical relativity and the relativity postulate, time dilation, the twin paradox, momentum and energy, particles of zero mass, electric and magnetic fields and forces, and more.

Special Relativity

Special Relativity Book
Author : Sadri Hassani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-09
ISBN : 0128104244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Special Relativity: A Heuristic Approach provides a qualitative exposition of relativity theory on the basis of the constancy of the speed of light. Using Einstein's signal velocity as the defining idea for the notion of simultaneity and the fact that the speed of light is independent of the motion of its source, chapters delve into a qualitative exposition of the relativity of time and length, discuss the time dilation formula using the standard light clock, explore the Minkowski four-dimensional space-time distance based on how the time dilation formula is derived, and define the components of the two-dimensional space-time velocity, amongst other topics. Provides a heuristic derivation of the Minkowski distance formula Uses relativistic photography to see Lorentz transformation and vector algebra manipulation in action Includes worked examples to elucidate and complement the topic being discussed Written in a very accessible style

Special Relativity

Special Relativity Book
Author : Yury Deshko
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-02-19
ISBN : 9783030911416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook introduces the special theory of relativity at a level which is accessible to undergraduate students and even high school students with a strong foundation in algebra. The presentation emphasizes clean algebraic and geometrical methods, visualized with plenty of illustrations, resulting in a textbook that is modern and serious yet accessible. Replete with many solved exercises and copious spacetime diagrams, this book will help students develop relativistic intuition when encountering the subject for the first time. The emphasis on geometric methods, combined with the pedagogically appealing k-calculus approach, makes this book ideal for a self-contained course on special relativity or as supplementary reading for modern physics courses. It will also appeal to high schoolers with a strong math background who want to get ahead.

Special and General Relativity

Special and General Relativity Book
Author : Norman K. Glendenning
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-04-28
ISBN : 038747109X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Special and General Relativity are concisely developed together with essential aspects of nuclear and particle physics. Problem sets are provided for many chapters, making the book ideal for a course on the physics of white dwarf and neutron star interiors. Norman K. Glendenning is Senior Scientist Emeritus at the Nuclear Science Division, Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of numerous books.

Special Relativity Electrodynamics and General Relativity

Special Relativity  Electrodynamics  and General Relativity Book
Author : John B. Kogut
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-09
ISBN : 0128137215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Special Relativity, Electrodynamics, and General Relativity: From Newton to Einstein is intended to teach students of physics, astrophysics, astronomy, and cosmology how to think about special and general relativity in a fundamental but accessible way. Designed to render any reader a "master of relativity, all material on the subject is comprehensible and derivable from first principles. The book emphasizes problem solving, contains abundant problem sets, and is conveniently organized to meet the needs of both student and instructor. Fully revised and expanded second edition with improved figures Enlarged discussion of dynamics and the relativistic version of Newton’s second law Resolves the twin paradox from the principles of special and general relativity Includes new chapters which derive magnetism from relativity and electrostatics Derives Maxwell’s equations from Gauss’ law and the principles of special relativity Includes new chapters on differential geometry, space-time curvature, and the field equations of general relativity Introduces black holes and gravitational waves as illustrations of the principles of general relativity and relates them to the 2015 and 2017 observational discoveries of LIGO

Geometry from Isometries to Special Relativity

Geometry  from Isometries to Special Relativity Book
Author : Nam-Hoon Lee
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-28
ISBN : 3030421015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook offers a geometric perspective on special relativity, bridging Euclidean space, hyperbolic space, and Einstein’s spacetime in one accessible, self-contained volume. Using tools tailored to undergraduates, the author explores Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries, gradually building from intuitive to abstract spaces. By the end, readers will have encountered a range of topics, from isometries to the Lorentz–Minkowski plane, building an understanding of how geometry can be used to model special relativity. Beginning with intuitive spaces, such as the Euclidean plane and the sphere, a structure theorem for isometries is introduced that serves as a foundation for increasingly sophisticated topics, such as the hyperbolic plane and the Lorentz–Minkowski plane. By gradually introducing tools throughout, the author offers readers an accessible pathway to visualizing increasingly abstract geometric concepts. Numerous exercises are also included with selected solutions provided. Geometry: from Isometries to Special Relativity offers a unique approach to non-Euclidean geometries, culminating in a mathematical model for special relativity. The focus on isometries offers undergraduates an accessible progression from the intuitive to abstract; instructors will appreciate the complete instructor solutions manual available online. A background in elementary calculus is assumed.

Special Relativity

Special Relativity Book
Author : U E Schroder
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1990-01-01
ISBN : 9814507172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough discussion of the concepts and main consequences of special relativity. Treated in detail are the Lorentz transformations, their kinematical consequences (the so-called paradoxes), relativistic mechanics, electrodynamics as an example of a relativistic field theory, and the principal features of relativistic hydrodynamics. The book offers a logical development of special relativity from Einstein's principle of relativity alone; arrives at the essential statements of the theory by a direct approach — this emphasis is different from that of most books; and offers a concise introduction to tensor calculus as needed in special relativity. A selection of problems and documentation of the experimental tests of special relativity are given.

De Sitter Invariant Special Relativity

De Sitter Invariant Special Relativity Book
Author : Mu-Lin Yan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2015-06-24
ISBN : 9814618721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Einstein's Special Relativity (E-SR) is the cornerstone of physics. De Sitter invariant SR (dS/AdS-SR) is a natural extension of E-SR, hence it relates to the foundation of physics. This book provides a description to dS/AdS-SR in terms of Lagrangian-Hamiltonian formulation associated with spacetime metric of inertial reference frames. One of the outstanding features of the book is as follows: All discussions on SR are in the inertial reference frames. This is a requirement due to the first principle of SR theory. The descriptions on dS/AdS-SR in this book satisfy this principle. For the curved spacetime in dS/AdS-SR theory, it is highly non-trivial. Contents:General IntroductionOverview of Einstein's Special Relativity (E-SR)De Sitter Invariant Special RelativityDe Sitter Invariant General RelativityDynamics of Expansion of the Universe in General RelativityRelativistic Quantum Mechanics for de Sitter Invariant Special RelativityDistant Hydrogen Atom in CosmologyTemporal and Spatial Variation of the Fine Structure ConstantDe Sitter Invariance of Generally Covariant Dirac Equation Readership: Students and professionals who are interested in de Sitter and anti-de Sitter invariant Special Relativity. Key Features:This is the first book to describe dS/AdS-SR systematically and comprehensivelyThe crucial contributions to dS/AdS-SR due to Lu–Zou–Guo's work (1970's) are interpreted in detail in this book. The conceptions of dS/AdS-SR Mechanics, dS/AdS-SR Quantum Mechanics, dS/AdS-SR General Relativity, and effects of dS/AdS-SR Cosmology are introduced in the book. In the descriptions, many techniques are involvedThe author, Professor Mu-Lin Yan, is an expert in SR, GR, Black Hole Physics, and Particle Physics. He is one of the discoverers of Nieh–Yan topological identity (1982), High genus solution of Yang–Baxter equation of chiral Potts model (1987), and some unusual hadron's states (2005). He also has contributions to the calculations of entropies of black holes, and to the studies of non-perturbative QCDKeywords:De Sitter Invariant Special Relativity;Special Relativity;De Sitter Group

Introduction to Special Relativity

Introduction to Special Relativity Book
Author : Robert Resnick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1991-01-16
ISBN : 0471717258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives an excellent introduction to the theory of special relativity. Professor Resnick presents a fundamental and unified development of the subject with unusually clear discussions of the aspects that usually trouble beginners. He includes, for example, a section on the common sense of relativity. His presentation is lively and interspersed with historical, philosophical and special topics (such as the twin paradox) that will arouse and hold the reader's interest. You'll find many unique features that help you grasp the material, such as worked-out examples,summary tables,thought questions and a wealth of excellent problems. The emphasis throughout the book is physical. The experimental background, experimental confirmation of predictions, and the physical interpretation of principles are stressed. The book treats relativistic kinematics, relativistic dynamics, and relativity and electromagnetism and contains special appendices on the geometric representation of space-time and on general relativity. Its organization permits an instructor to vary the length and depth of his treatment and to use the book either with or following classical physics. These features make it an ideal companion for introductory courses.

Special Relativity is Nonsense

Special Relativity is Nonsense Book
Author : Jan Slowak
Publisher : BoD - Books on Demand
Release : 2019-02-05
ISBN : 9177859650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The author deals with a number of concepts that occur within the special theory of relativity. - Derivation of Lorentz transformations - Time dilation - Michelson-Morley experiment, 1887 - Twin Paradox, The twin paradox - The third brother - Apparatus for measuring of the absolute velocity in space New i this edition: Published articles The book presents the author's own research on the special theory of relativity. The result of this research shows that the special theory of relativity does not match reality! It contains built-in errors! It is not self-consistent. Special Relativity is Nonsense.

From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams

From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams Book
Author : Riccardo D'Auria,Mario Trigiante
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-06
ISBN : 3319220144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, now in its second edition, provides an introductory course on theoretical particle physics with the aim of filling the gap that exists between basic courses of classical and quantum mechanics and advanced courses of (relativistic) quantum mechanics and field theory. After a concise but comprehensive introduction to special relativity, key aspects of relativistic dynamics are covered and some elementary concepts of general relativity introduced. Basics of the theory of groups and Lie algebras are explained, with discussion of the group of rotations and the Lorentz and Poincaré groups. In addition, a concise account of representation theory and of tensor calculus is provided. Quantization of the electromagnetic field in the radiation range is fully discussed. The essentials of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms are reviewed, proceeding from systems with a finite number of degrees of freedom and extending the discussion to fields. The final four chapters are devoted to development of the quantum field theory, ultimately introducing the graphical description of interaction processes by means of Feynman diagrams. The book will be of value for students seeking to understand the main concepts that form the basis of contemporary theoretical particle physics and also for engineers and lecturers. An Appendix on some special relativity effects is added.

Elementary Approach to Special Relativity

Elementary Approach to Special Relativity Book
Author : Helmut Günther
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-16
ISBN : 9811531684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an alternative representation of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, which makes Special Relativity much more comprehensible. Moreover, one will come across a fundamental relationship between the Special Theory of Relativity and the mechanics of space lattice. In all previous formulations, the Einsteinian special principle of relativity, in one or the other form is used as the starting point for Special Relativity. In correspondence to this principle, one takes it as granted apriori, that all observers independent of their uniform motion to each other measure one and the same propagation velocity of a light signal. This book is thought of as a lecture for physicists, mathematicians and computer scientists and concentrates on the students of these fields. The book should reach a broad circle of interested readers from the fields of natural sciences and philosophy and provide and invigorating experience for engineers.