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Spatiotemporal Analysis Of Extreme Hydrological Events

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Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events Book
Author : Gerald Corzo,Emmanouil Varouchakis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 0128117311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatio-temporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events offers an extensive view of the experiences and applications of the latest developments and methodologies for analyzing and understanding extreme environmental and hydrological events. The book addresses the topic using spatio-temporal methods, such as space-time geostatistics, machine learning, statistical theory, hydrological modelling, neural network and evolutionary algorithms. This important resource for both hydrologists and statisticians interested in the framework of spatial and temporal analysis of hydrological events will provide users with an enhanced understanding of the relationship between magnitude, dynamics and the probability of extreme hydrological events. Presents spatio-temporal processes, including multivariate dynamic modelling Provides varying methodological approaches, giving the readers multiple hydrological modelling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations

Spatio temporal characterisation of drought data analytics modelling tracking impact and prediction

Spatio temporal characterisation of drought  data analytics  modelling  tracking  impact and prediction Book
Author : Vitali Diaz Mercado
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-02-11
ISBN : 100061283X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studies of drought have increased in light of new data availability and advances in spatio-temporal analysis. However, the following gaps still need to be filled: 1) methods to characterise drought that explicitly consider its spatio-temporal features, such as spatial extent (area) and pathway; 2) methods to monitor and predict drought that include the above-mentioned characteristics and 3) approaches for visualising and analysing drought characteristics to facilitate interpretation of its variation. This research aims to explore, analyse and propose improvements to the spatio-temporal characterisation of drought. Outcomes provide new perspectives towards better prediction. The following objectives were proposed. 1) Improve the methodology for characterising drought based on the phenomenon’s spatial features. 2) Develop a visual approach to analysing drought variations. 3) Develop a methodology for spatial drought tracking. 4) Explore machine learning (ML) techniques to predict crop-yield responses to drought. The four objectives were addressed and results are presented. Finally, a scope was formulated for integrating ML and the spatio-temporal analysis of drought. Proposed scope opens a new area of potential for drought prediction (i.e. predicting spatial drought tracks and areas). It is expected that the drought tracking and prediction method will help populations cope with drought and its severe impacts.

Precipitation

Precipitation Book
Author : Jesus Rodrigo Comino
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-21
ISBN : 0128232870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precipitation: Earth Surface Responses and Processes provides readers with a general and indispensable overview of processing rainfall processes through radar techniques, numerical models, geostatistical tools, photogrammetric methods, plots, indexes of connectivity or rainfall simulations. The handbook follows a clear and consistent format, and is structured as follows: Introduction (State-of-the-Art); Part 1. Rainfall and climate/atmosphere; Part 2. Models and applications; Part 3. Rainfall as a key actor playing the main role affecting different ecosystems. Part 3: Rainfall affecting the earth surface from different scales and landforms; Part 4: Rainfall and stormwater quality management in urban and rural areas. Precipitation is a key factor needed for understanding landscape evolution and ecosystem services. Knowing the main precipitation composition, mechanisms and processes allows for efficient land management plans and ecosystem restoration activities. However, precipitation shows different responses under specific environments depending on the climate (from the arid to the polar areas), parent material, scale (from the raindrops to catchment scale), intensity, landscape morphologies (soil sealing, rills, gullies or rivers) or human activities (agriculture or urban areas). Precipitation: Earth Surface Responses and Processes bring this information together and provides indispensable material in a holistic manner for students, scientists and lecturers from different environmental disciplines such as climatology, meteorology, geomorphology, hydrology, soil science, geography, engineering, or ecology. Includes observations on a range of earth surface processes, from climate to coastal marine ecosystems Presents key case studies in each chapter, enhancing the applicability of each chapter Introduces precipitation as a key factor to understand earth mechanisms and processes

Adaptation and Phenotypic Plasticity to Climate Change

Adaptation and Phenotypic Plasticity to Climate Change Book
Author : Timothy Ravasi,Jennifer Marie Donelson,Jose M. Eirin-Lopez,Lisa N. S. Shama
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-05-05
ISBN : 2889761312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Adaptation and Phenotypic Plasticity to Climate Change book written by Timothy Ravasi,Jennifer Marie Donelson,Jose M. Eirin-Lopez,Lisa N. S. Shama, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecological Modelling of River Wetland Systems

Ecological Modelling of River Wetland Systems Book
Author : Maria Gabriela Alvarez Mieles
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-14
ISBN : 1000527468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Around 6% of the Earth's land surface is covered by wetlands. Wetlands play a key role in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, delivering multiple benefits to society: sources of water supply, flood regulation, water purification, agriculture, fisheries, and biodiversity. Hence, wetland systems are of immense socio-economic as well as ecological importance. In this research, the focus was on the Abras de Mantequilla (AdM) wetland in the tropical coastal region of Ecuador, a RAMSAR site and case study area for the EU-FP7 WETwin project. The research in this thesis involves a combination of field data collection, multivariate analysis techniques, as well as numerical modelling studies. The goal was to explore the effects of changes in hydrological forcing on the hydrodynamic and ecohydraulic responses of the wetland. The study aims to contribute to the understanding of how a tropical river-wetland system functions in terms of hydrodynamics, water quality, primary production, and biotic communities. Spatial patterns of biotic communities and environmental variables are obtained as well as spatio-temporal variability of hydrodynamics, water quality, primary productivity and fish habitat-suitability conditions. In data scarce areas and countries with financial constraints, the combination of field measurements with numerical models was extremely useful and relevant, confirming that these techniques complement each other in obtaining a better understanding of the dynamics of freshwater river–wetland systems. Studies like the present research can be used to enhance awareness about the environmental services of wetlands and stimulate cooperation between all stakeholders in order to achieve more sustainable wetland management.

Statistical Analysis and Stochastic Modelling of Hydrological Extremes

Statistical Analysis and Stochastic Modelling of Hydrological Extremes Book
Author : Hossein Tabari
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 3039216643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrological extremes have become a major concern because of their devastating consequences and their increased risk as a result of climate change and the growing concentration of people and infrastructure in high-risk zones. The analysis of hydrological extremes is challenging due to their rarity and small sample size, and the interconnections between different types of extremes and becomes further complicated by the untrustworthy representation of meso-scale processes involved in extreme events by coarse spatial and temporal scale models as well as biased or missing observations due to technical difficulties during extreme conditions. The complexity of analyzing hydrological extremes calls for robust statistical methods for the treatment of such events. This Special Issue is motivated by the need to apply and develop innovative stochastic and statistical approaches to analyze hydrological extremes under current and future climate conditions. The papers of this Special Issue focus on six topics associated with hydrological extremes: Historical changes in hydrological extremes; Projected changes in hydrological extremes; Downscaling of hydrological extremes; Early warning and forecasting systems for drought and flood; Interconnections of hydrological extremes; Applicability of satellite data for hydrological studies.

Forest Hydrology and Watershed

Forest Hydrology and Watershed Book
Author : Fan-Rui Meng,Altaf Arain,Qiang Li,Michael Pisaric
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-08-20
ISBN : 3039213857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrological processes in forested watersheds are influenced by environmental, physiological, and biometric factors such as precipitation, radiation, temperature, species type, leaf area, and extent and structure of forest ecosystems. Over the past two centuries, forest coverage and forest structures have been impacted globally by anthropogenic activities, for example, forest harvesting, and conversion of forested landscapes for plantations and urbanization. In addition, since the industrial revolution, climate change has resulted in profound impacts on forest ecosystems due to higher carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration or CO2 fertilization, warmer temperatures, changes in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events and natural disturbances. As a result, hydrological processes in forested watersheds have been altered by these natural and anthropogenic factors and these changes are expected to accelerate due to future changing climatic conditions. Hence, understanding how various environmental, physiological, and physical drivers interactively influence hydrological and biogeochemical processes in forest ecosystems is critical for sustainable water supply in forested watersheds. About 21% of the global population depends on water sources that originate in forested catchments where forest coverage larger than 30%. Furthermore, there are knowledge gaps in our understanding of the mechanism of hydrological and hydrochemical cycles in forested watersheds. This Special Issue addresses these gaps in our knowledge and includes twelve papers in the following three major research themes in forest watershed areas.

Highlighting the Importance of Big Data Management and Analysis for Various Applications

Highlighting the Importance of Big Data Management and Analysis for Various Applications Book
Author : Mohammad Moshirpour,Behrouz Far,Reda Alhajj
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-22
ISBN : 3319602551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the impacts of various types of services such as infrastructure, platforms, software, and business processes that cloud computing and Big Data have introduced into business. Featuring chapters which discuss effective and efficient approaches in dealing with the inherent complexity and increasing demands in data science, a variety of application domains are covered. Various case studies by data management and analysis experts are presented in these chapters. Covered applications include banking, social networks, bioinformatics, healthcare, transportation and criminology. Highlighting the Importance of Big Data Management and Analysis for Various Applications will provide the reader with an understanding of how data management and analysis are adapted to these applications. This book will appeal to researchers and professionals in the field.

Water Resources Research in Northwest China

Water Resources Research in Northwest China Book
Author : Yaning Chen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-03-23
ISBN : 940178017X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the possible impacts of climate change on hydrology and water resources in the vast arid region of Northwest China, which is one of the world’s largest arid places. The first chapter offers an introductory discussion of the physical geography and socioeconomic conditions in the region. Chapters 2 through 7 discuss the climate system and hydrologic system changes in the region, and assess some implications of these changes in relation to potential evapotranspiration, the hydrological cycle and spatiotemporal variations of the snow cover and glaciers as measured via remote sensing, geographic information systems, and statistical analysis. Chapters 8 and 9 focus on model description and experimental design for interpreting the hydro-climatic process, emphasizing the integration of water, climate, and land ecosystems through field observations and computer-based simulations. Chapter 10 examines some extreme hydrological events and presents a study using the historical trend method to investigate the spatial and temporal variability of changing temperature and precipitation extremes in the hyper-arid region of Northwest China. A concluding chapter discusses possible strategies for sustainable watershed management. The contributors are acknowledged experts who bring broad, relevant experience on water resources research in China’s cold and arid regions. The lessons of this volume will prove useful for understanding arid areas elsewhere in the world.

Inland Flood Hazards

Inland Flood Hazards Book
Author : Ellen E. Wohl
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-07-03
ISBN : 9780521624190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume was originally published in 2000 and presents a comprehensive, interdisciplinary review of issues related to inland flood hazards. It addresses physical controls on flooding, flood processes and effects, and responses to flooding, from the perspective of human, aquatic, and riparian communities. Individual chapter authors are recognized experts in their fields who draw on examples and case studies of inland flood hazards from around the world. This volume is unusual among treatments of flood hazards in that it addresses how the non-occurrence of floods, in association with flow regulation and other human manipulation of river systems, may create hazards for aquatic and riparian communities. This book will be a valuable resource for everyone associated with inland flood hazards: professionals in government and industry, and researchers and graduate students in civil engineering, geography, geology, hydrology, hydraulics, and ecology.

Hydrology Advances in Theory and Practice

Hydrology  Advances in Theory and Practice Book
Author : Nevil W. Quinn
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2020-04-15
ISBN : 1789061423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrology: Advances in Theory and Practice, brings together contributions to both the theory and practice of hydrology, including chapters on (amongst other topics) flood estimation methods and hydrological modelling. The book also looks forward with a global hydrology research agenda fit for the 2030s, and explores how to make advances in hydrological modelling – based on almost 50 years of modelling experience. In Focus – a book series that showcases the latest accomplishments in water research. Each book focuses on a specialist area with papers from top experts in the field. It aims to be a vehicle for in-depth understanding and inspire further conversations in the sector.

Understanding Hydrological Extremes and their Impact in a Changing Climate Observations Modeling and Attribution

Understanding Hydrological Extremes and their Impact in a Changing Climate  Observations  Modeling and Attribution Book
Author : Xingcai Liu,Pedram Attarod,Zhe Li
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-03-12
ISBN : 2889665941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding Hydrological Extremes and their Impact in a Changing Climate Observations Modeling and Attribution book written by Xingcai Liu,Pedram Attarod,Zhe Li, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hydrological Hazard Analysis and Prevention

Hydrological Hazard  Analysis and Prevention Book
Author : Tommaso Caloiero
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-11-26
ISBN : 3038973742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Hydrological Hazard: Analysis and Prevention" that was published in Geosciences

Advances in Hydrologic Forecasts and Water Resources Management

Advances in Hydrologic Forecasts and Water Resources Management Book
Author : Fi-John Chang,Shenglian Guo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-20
ISBN : 3039368044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The impacts of climate change on water resource management, as well as increasingly severe natural disasters over the last decades, have caught global attention. Reliable and accurate hydrological forecasts are essential for efficient water resource management and the mitigation of natural disasters. While the notorious nonlinear hydrological processes make accurate forecasts a very challenging task, it requires advanced techniques to build accurate forecast models and reliable management systems. One of the newest techniques for modeling complex systems is artificial intelligence (AI). AI can replicate the way humans learn and has great capability to efficiently extract crucial information from large amounts of data to solve complex problems. The fourteen research papers published in this Special Issue contribute significantly to the uncertainty assessment of operational hydrologic forecasting under changing environmental conditions and the promotion of water resources management by using the latest advanced techniques, such as AI techniques. The fourteen contributions across four major research areas: (1) machine learning approaches to hydrologic forecasting; (2) uncertainty analysis and assessment on hydrological modeling under changing environments; (3) AI techniques for optimizing multi-objective reservoir operation; (4) adaption strategies of extreme hydrological events for hazard mitigation. The papers published in this issue will not only advance water sciences but also help policymakers to achieve more sustainable and effective water resource management.

Computational Intelligent Data Analysis for Sustainable Development

Computational Intelligent Data Analysis for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Ting Yu,Nitesh Chawla,Simeon Simoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439895953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Going beyond performing simple analyses, researchers involved in the highly dynamic field of computational intelligent data analysis design algorithms that solve increasingly complex data problems in changing environments, including economic, environmental, and social data. Computational Intelligent Data Analysis for Sustainable Development present

Hydrological Modeling

Hydrological Modeling Book
Author : Ramakar Jha,Vijay P. Singh,Vivekanand Singh,L. B. Roy,Roshni Thendiyath
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030813584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book carefully considers hydrological models which are essential for predicting floods, droughts, soil moisture estimation, land use change detection, geomorphology and water structures. The book highlights recent advances in the area of hydrological modelling in the Ganga Basin and other internationally important river basins. The impact of climate change on water resources is a global concern. Water resources in many countries are already stressed, and climate change along with burgeoning population, rising standard of living and increasing demand are adding to the stress. Furthermore, river basins are becoming less resilient to climatic vagaries. Fundamental to addressing these issues is hydrological modelling which is covered in this book. Integrated water resources management is vital to ensure water and food security. Integral to the management is groundwater and solute transport, and this book encompasses tools that will be useful to mitigate the adverse consequences of natural disasters.

Climate Change Hazards and Adaptation Options

Climate Change  Hazards and Adaptation Options Book
Author : Walter Leal Filho,Gustavo J. Nagy,Marco Borga,Pastor David Chávez Muñoz,Artur Magnuszewski
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 3030374254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the issue of climate change risks and hazards holistically. Climate change adaptation aims at managing climate risks and hazards to an acceptable level, taking advantage of any positive opportunities that may arise. At the same time, developing suitable responses to hazards for communities and users of climate services is important in ensuring the success of adaptation measures. But despite this, knowledge about adaptation options, including possible actions that can be implemented to improve adaptation and reduce the impacts of climate change hazards, is still limited. Addressing this need, the book presents studies and research findings and offers a catalogue of potential adaptation options that can be explored. It also includes case studies providing illustrative and inspiring examples of how we can adapt to a changing climate.

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability Book
Author : Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew,Gabriel Senay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 0128159995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Contemporary Environmental Issues and Challenges in Era of Climate Change

Contemporary Environmental Issues and Challenges in Era of Climate Change Book
Author : Pooja Singh,Rajeev Pratap Singh,Vaibhav Srivastava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-16
ISBN : 9813295953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last few decades, unprecedented global population growth has led to increased demand for food and shelter. At the same time, extraction of natural resources beyond the Earth’s resilience capacity has had a devastating effect on ecosystems and environmental health. Furthermore, climate change is having a significant impact in a number of areas, including the global hydrological cycle, ecosystem functioning, coastal vulnerability, forest ecology, food security, and agricultural sustainability. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), only immediate and sustained action will prevent climate change causing irreversible and potentially catastrophic damage to our environment. This book presents various scientific views and concepts, research, reviews, and case studies on contemporary environmental issues in changing climate scenarios and highlights different adaptation measures. Increasing awareness of modern-day patterns of climate change, it addresses questions often raised by environmental scientists, researchers, policymakers and general readers.