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Spatial Modeling In Gis And R For Earth And Environmental Sciences

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Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science Book
Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 9780128152263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes and is therefore an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment, and geography Provides an overview, methods, and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-01-18
ISBN : 0128156953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 0323886159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies in Hazards and Risk Management addresses the need for a comprehensive book that focuses on multi-hazard assessments, natural and manmade hazards, and risk management using new methods and technologies that employ GIS, artificial intelligence, spatial modeling, machine learning tools and meta-heuristic techniques. The book is clearly organized into four parts that cover natural hazards, environmental hazards, advanced tools and technologies in risk management, and future challenges in computer applications to hazards and risk management. Researchers and professionals in Earth and Environmental Science who require the latest technologies and advances in hazards, remote sensing, geosciences, spatial modeling and machine learning will find this book to be an invaluable source of information on the latest tools and technologies available. Covers advanced tools and technologies in risk management of hazards in both the Earth and Environmental Sciences Details the benefits and applications of various technologies to assist researchers in choosing the most appropriate techniques for purpose Expansively covers specific future challenges in the use of computers in Earth and Environmental Science Includes case studies that detail the applications of the discussed technologies down to individual hazards

Spatial Modelling of Flood Risk and Flood Hazards

Spatial Modelling of Flood Risk and Flood Hazards Book
Author : Biswajeet Pradhan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-10
ISBN : 3030945448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spatial Modelling of Flood Risk and Flood Hazards book written by Biswajeet Pradhan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Gouri Sankar Bhunia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-19
ISBN : 3030232433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers the scientific basis for the ample evaluation of badland management in India and some surrounding regions. It examines the processes operating in the headwaters and main channels of ephemeral rivers in lateritic environments of India. In particular, the book covers a range of vital topics in the areas of gully erosion and water to soil erosion at lateritic uplands regions of India and other regions in Asia. It explores the probable gully erosion modeling through Remote Sensing & GIS Techniques. It is divided into three units. Unit I deals with the introduction of badland, types of badland and the process of badland formation. Unit II is devoted to a description of quantitative measurements. Unit III deals with the control and management processes related to various issues from different regions. As such this book serves as a reference book for research activities in this area. It is an efficient guide for aspiring researchers in applied geography, explaining advanced techniques to help students recognize both simple and complex concepts.

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies Book
Author : Yong Sik Ok,Jörg Rinklebe,Deyi Hou,Daniel C.W. Tsang,Filip M.G. Tack
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-04-14
ISBN : 1000046966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers various soil and water treatment technologies due to increasing global soil and water pollution. In many countries, the management of contaminated land has matured, and it is developing in many others. Topics covered include chemical and ecological risk assessment of contaminated sites; phytomanagement of contaminants; arsenic removal; selection and technology diffusion; technologies and socio-environmental management; post-remediation long-term management; soil and groundwater laws and regulations; and trace element regulation limits in soil. Future prospects of soil and groundwater remediation are critically discussed in this book. Hence, readers will learn to understand the future prospects of soil and groundwater contaminants and remediation measures. Key Features: Discusses conventional and novel aspects of soil and groundwater remediation technologies Includes new monitoring/sensing technologies for soil and groundwater pollution Features a case study of remediation of contaminated sites in the old, industrial, Ruhr area in Germany Highlights soil washing, soil flushing, and stabilization/solidification Presents information on emerging contaminants that exhibit new challenges This book is designed for undergraduate and graduate courses and can be used as a handbook for researchers, policy makers, and local governmental institutes. Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies: A Practical Guide is written by a team of leading global experts in the field.

River Sand Mining Modelling and Sustainable Practice

River Sand Mining Modelling and Sustainable Practice Book
Author : Raj Kumar Bhattacharya,Nilanjana Das Chatterjee
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-31
ISBN : 3030722961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Worldwide demand for sand and gravel is increasing daily, as the need for these materials continues to rise, for example in the construction sector, in land filling and for transportation sector based infrastructural projects. This results in over-extraction of sand from channel beds, and hampers the natural renewal of sediment, geological setup and morphological processes of the riverine system. In India, illegal sand mining (of alluvial channels) and gravel mining (of perennial channels) are two anthropogenic issues that negatively affect the sustainable drainage system. Along the Kangsabati River in India, the consequences of sand mining are very serious. The construction of Mukutmonipur Dam (1958) on the river causes huge sediment deposition along the middle and downstream areas, these same areas are also intensely mined for sand (instream and on the flood plain). Geospatial models are applied in order to better understand the state and the resilience of stream hydraulics, morphological and river ecosystem variables during pre-mining and post-mining stages, using micro-level datasets of the Kangsabati River. The book also includes practicable measures to minimize the environmental consequences of instream mining in respect to optimum sand mining. It discusses the threshold limits of each variable in stream hydraulics, morphological and river ecological regime, and also discusses the most affected variables. Consequently, all outputs will be very useful for students, researchers, academicians, decision makers and practitioners and will facilitate applying these techniques to create models for other river basins.

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools Book
Author : Pijush Samui,Hossein Bonakdari,Ravinesh C. Deo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 0128208775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools provides an informative resource for practitioners who want to learn more about different techniques and models in water engineering and their practical applications and case studies. The book provides modelling theories in an easy-to-read format verified with on-site models for specific regions and scenarios. Users will find this to be a significant contribution to the development of mathematical tools, experimental techniques, and data-driven models that support modern-day water engineering applications. Civil engineers, industrialists, and water management experts should be familiar with advanced techniques that can be used to improve existing systems in water engineering. This book provides key ideas on recently developed machine learning methods and AI modelling. It will serve as a common platform for practitioners who need to become familiar with the latest developments of computational techniques in water engineering. Includes firsthand experience about artificial intelligence models, utilizing case studies Describes biological, physical and chemical techniques for the treatment of surface water, groundwater, sea water and rain/snow Presents the application of new instruments in water engineering

Computational Intelligence for Water and Environmental Sciences

Computational Intelligence for Water and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Omid Bozorg-Haddad,Babak Zolghadr-Asli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-09
ISBN : 9811925194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive yet fresh perspective for the cutting-edge CI-oriented approaches in water resources planning and management. The book takes a deep dive into topics like meta-heuristic evolutionary optimization algorithms (e.g., GA, PSA, etc.), data mining techniques (e.g., SVM, ANN, etc.), probabilistic and Bayesian-oriented frameworks, fuzzy logic, AI, deep learning, and expert systems. These approaches provide a practical approach to understand and resolve complicated and intertwined real-world problems that often imposed serious challenges to traditional deterministic precise frameworks. The topic caters to postgraduate students and senior researchers who are interested in computational intelligence approach to issues stemming from water and environmental sciences.

The Effect of Hydrology on Soil Erosion

The Effect of Hydrology on Soil Erosion Book
Author : Jesús Rodrigo-Comino,José María Senciales-González,José Damián Ruiz-Sinoga
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-21
ISBN : 3039366440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue includes manuscripts about soil erosion and degradation processes and the accelerated rates due to hydrological processes and climate change. The new research included in this issue focuses on measurements, modeling, and experiments in field or laboratory conditions developed at different scales (pedon, hillslope, and catchment). This Special Issue received investigations from different parts of the world such as Ethiopia, Morocco, China, Iran, Italy, Portugal, Greece, and Spain, among others. We are happy to see that all papers presented findings characterized as unconventional, provocative, innovative, and methodologically new. We hope that the readers of the journal Water can enjoy and learn about hydrology and soil erosion using the published material, and share the results with the scientific community, policymakers, and stakeholders to continue this amazing adventure, facing plenty of issues and challenges.

Spatial Modeling in Forest Resources Management

Spatial Modeling in Forest Resources Management Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Pulakesh Das,Gouri Sankar Bhunia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-08
ISBN : 3030565424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book demonstrates the measurement, monitoring, mapping, and modeling of forest resources. It explores state-of-the-art techniques based on open-source software & R statistical programming and modeling specifically, with a focus on the recent trends in data mining/machine learning techniques and robust modeling in forest resources. Discusses major topics such as forest health assessment, estimating forest biomass & carbon stock, land use forest cover (LUFC), dynamic vegetation modeling (DVM) approaches, forest-based rural livelihood, habitat suitability analysis, biodiversity and ecology, and biodiversity, the book presents novel advances and applications of RS-GIS and R in a precise and clear manner. By offering insights into various concepts and their importance for real-world applications, it equips researchers, professionals, and policy-makers with the knowledge and skills to tackle a wide range of issues related to geographic data, including those with scientific, societal, and environmental implications.

Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment

Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment Book
Author : Richard E.J. Kelly,Nicholas A. Drake,Stuart L. Barr
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-10-22
ISBN : 0470093994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding and predicting the behaviour of natural and human environmental systems is crucial for the effective management of the Earth’s limited resources. Recently, great advances have been made through spatial modelling. This book provides a snapshot of the latest research in modelling technologies and methodologies within five environmental fields; the cryosphere, hydrology, geomorphology, vegetation interfaces and urban environments. Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment deals with the use of remote sensing, numerical models and GIS in addressing important natural and human environmental sciences issues, focusing on the theory and application of modelling remotely sensed data within the context of environmental processes. Extensive case material exemplifies the latest research and modelling paradigms presented in the book.

Spatial Ecology and Conservation Modeling

Spatial Ecology and Conservation Modeling Book
Author : Robert Fletcher,Marie-Josée Fortin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 3030019896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a foundation for modern applied ecology. Much of current ecology research and conservation addresses problems across landscapes and regions, focusing on spatial patterns and processes. This book is aimed at teaching fundamental concepts and focuses on learning-by-doing through the use of examples with the software R. It is intended to provide an entry-level, easily accessible foundation for students and practitioners interested in spatial ecology and conservation.

GIS Technology Applications in Environmental and Earth Sciences

GIS Technology Applications in Environmental and Earth Sciences Book
Author : Bai Tian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 1498776051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book starts with an overview of GIS technology, what GIS technology is, what it can do, what software products are available, etc. Then, throughout the book, the author explains with many case studies, programs, maps, graphics, and 3D models how GIS and other related technologies can be used to automate mapping processes, collect, process, edit, store, manage, and share datasets, statistically analyze data, model, and visualize large datasets to understand patterns, trends, and relationships to make educated decisions. This book is an excellent resource for anyone who is interested in GIS and related technologies, geology, natural resource, and environmental science.

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data Book
Author : Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0128163429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations introduces the notion of chronotopologic data analysis that offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data and provides information about the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes (physical, biological, health, social). It includes models and techniques for handling data that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of the physical laws of change underlying the available numerical datasets, while taking into consideration the in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). It considers the synthesis of scientific theory-based methods (stochastic modeling, modern geostatistics) and data-driven techniques (machine learning, artificial neural networks) so that their individual strengths are combined by acting symbiotically and complementing each other. The notions and methods presented in Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Including real-world practical applications as well as practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of theory-based and data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis and modeling in earth and environmental sciences (including environmental health and human exposure applications). Explores the analysis and processing of chronotopologic (i.e., space-time and spacetime) data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Studies the synthesis of scientific theory and empirical evidence (in its various forms) that offers a mathematically rigorous and physically meaningful assessment of real-world phenomena Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Principles of Geographical Information Systems

Principles of Geographical Information Systems Book
Author : Peter A. Burrough,Rachael McDonnell,Rachael A. McDonnell,Christopher D. Lloyd
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0198742843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geographical data are used in so many aspects of our lives today, from disaster relief operations to finding directions on our cellphones. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are the software tools that turn raw data into useful information that can help us understand our world better.Principles of Geographical Information Systems presents a strong theoretical basis for GIS-often lacking in other texts-and an account of its practice. Through real-world examples, this text clearly explains the importance of spatial data and the information systems based upon them in solving arange of practical problems.

Fundamentals of Spatial Analysis and Modelling

Fundamentals of Spatial Analysis and Modelling Book
Author : Jay Gao
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 1000519880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides comprehensive and in-depth explanations of all topics related to spatial analysis and spatiotemporal simulation, including how spatial data are acquired, represented digitally, and spatially aggregated. Also features the nature of space and how it is measured. Descriptive, explanatory, and inferential analyses are covered for point, line, and area data. It captures the latest developments in spatiotemporal simulation with cellular automata and agent-based modelling, and through practical examples discusses how spatial analysis and modelling can be implemented in different computing platforms. A much-needed textbook for a course at upper undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Engineering and Environmental Science

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Engineering and Environmental Science Book
Author : Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 1522573607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ever-increasing awareness and growing focus on environmental issues such as climate change and energy use is bringing about an urgency in expanding research to provide possible solutions to these problems. Through current engineering research and emerging technologies, scientists work to combat modern environmental and ecological problems plaguing the globe. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Engineering and Environmental Science provides emerging research on the current and forthcoming trends in engineering and environmental sciences to resolve several issues plaguing researchers such as fossil fuel emission and climate change. While highlighting these challenges, including chemical toxicity environmental responsibility, readers will learn how engineering applications can be used across disciplines to aid in reducing environmental hazards. This book is a vital resource for engineers, researchers, professors, academicians, and environmental scientists seeking current research on how engineering tools and technologies can be applied to environmental issues.

Forest Resources Resilience and Conflicts

Forest Resources Resilience and Conflicts Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Partha Pratim Adhikary,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Vishwambhar Prasad Sati
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-24
ISBN : 0128230983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forest Resources Resilience and Conflicts presents modern remote sensing and GIS techniques for Sustainable Livelihood. It provides an up-to-date critical analysis of the discourse surrounding forest resources and society, illustrating the relationship between forest resources and the livelihood of local people. The book is organized into four parts consisting of 31 chapters. Each chapter then reviews current understanding, present research, and future implications. Utilizing case studies and novel advances in geospatial technologies, Forest Resources Resilience and Conflicts provides a timely synthesis of a rapidly growing field and stimulates ideas for future work, especially considering sustainable development goals. In addition, the book presents the effective contribution of the forestry sector to populations’ livelihoods through improved collection of forestry statistics that foster the understanding and integration of the forestry sector in poverty reduction processes and the national economy to enhance its integration in national planning. It is a valuable resource for researchers and students in environmental science, especially those interested in forestry, geography, and remote sensing. • Demonstrates tools and techniques for measurement, monitoring, mapping, and modeling of forest resources • Explores state-of-the-art techniques using open source software, statistical programming, and GIS, focusing on recent trends in data mining and machine learning • Addresses a wide range of issues with both environmental and societal implications • Provides a global review of the multiple roles of forest resources utilizing case studies to illustrate management strategies and techniques