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Space Time And Number In The Brain

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Space Time and Number in the Brain

Space  Time and Number in the Brain Book
Author : Stanislas Dehaene,Elizabeth Brannon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0123859484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of mathematical cognition and the ways in which the ideas of space, time and number are encoded in brain circuitry has become a fundamental issue for neuroscience. How such encoding differs across cultures and educational level is of further interest in education and neuropsychology. This rapidly expanding field of research is overdue for an interdisciplinary volume such as this, which deals with the neurological and psychological foundations of human numeric capacity. A uniquely integrative work, this volume provides a much needed compilation of primary source material to researchers from basic neuroscience, psychology, developmental science, neuroimaging, neuropsychology and theoretical biology. * The first comprehensive and authoritative volume dealing with neurological and psychological foundations of mathematical cognition * Uniquely integrative volume at the frontier of a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field * Features outstanding and truly international scholarship, with chapters written by leading experts in a variety of fields

Space Time and Number in the Brain

Space  Time and Number in the Brain Book
Author : Stanislas Dehaene,Elizabeth Brannon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-07-13
ISBN : 0123859492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of mathematical cognition and the ways in which the ideas of space, time and number are encoded in brain circuitry has become a fundamental issue for neuroscience. How such encoding differs across cultures and educational level is of further interest in education and neuropsychology. This rapidly expanding field of research is overdue for an interdisciplinary volume such as this, which deals with the neurological and psychological foundations of human numeric capacity. A uniquely integrative work, this volume provides a much needed compilation of primary source material to researchers from basic neuroscience, psychology, developmental science, neuroimaging, neuropsychology and theoretical biology. The first comprehensive and authoritative volume dealing with neurological and psychological foundations of mathematical cognition Uniquely integrative volume at the frontier of a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field Features outstanding and truly international scholarship, with chapters written by leading experts in a variety of fields

Space Time and Memory in the Hippocampal Formation

Space Time and Memory in the Hippocampal Formation Book
Author : Dori Derdikman,James J. Knierim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 3709112923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery of new cell types, such as grid and time cells, in the hippocampus has been accompanied by major anatomical and theoretical insights in the recent years. This book provides comprehensive, up-to-date information about the hippocampal formation and especially the neural basis of episodic memory, spatial location (the formation of the cognitive map) and temporal representation. The first part of the book describes the information flow from pre-hippocampal areas into the hippocampus, the second part discusses the different types of hippocampal processing and finally, the third part depicts the influence that the hippocampal processing has on other brain structures that are perhaps more closely tied to explicit cognitive or behavioral output. This book is intended for neuroscientists, especially for those who are involved in research on the hippocampus, as well as for behavioral scientists and neurologists.

Your Brain Is a Time Machine The Neuroscience and Physics of Time

Your Brain Is a Time Machine  The Neuroscience and Physics of Time Book
Author : Dean Buonomano
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2017-04-04
ISBN : 0393247953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Beautifully written, eloquently reasoned…Mr. Buonomano takes us off and running on an edifying scientific journey." —Carol Tavris, Wall Street Journal In Your Brain Is a Time Machine, leading neuroscientist Dean Buonomano embarks on an "immensely engaging" exploration of how time works inside the brain (Barbara Kiser, Nature). The human brain, he argues, is a complex system that not only tells time, but creates it; it constructs our sense of chronological movement and enables "mental time travel"—simulations of future and past events. These functions are essential not only to our daily lives but to the evolution of the human race: without the ability to anticipate the future, mankind would never have crafted tools or invented agriculture. This virtuosic work of popular science will lead you to a revelation as strange as it is true: your brain is, at its core, a time machine.

Discovering the Brain

Discovering the Brain Book
Author : National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine,Sandra Ackerman
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 0309045290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The brain ... There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate? The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public. The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the Brain is based on the Institute of Medicine conference, Decade of the Brain: Frontiers in Neuroscience and Brain Research. Discovering the Brain is a "field guide" to the brain--an easy-to-read discussion of the brain's physical structure and where functions such as language and music appreciation lie. Ackerman examines How electrical and chemical signals are conveyed in the brain. The mechanisms by which we see, hear, think, and pay attention--and how a "gut feeling" actually originates in the brain. Learning and memory retention, including parallels to computer memory and what they might tell us about our own mental capacity. Development of the brain throughout the life span, with a look at the aging brain. Ackerman provides an enlightening chapter on the connection between the brain's physical condition and various mental disorders and notes what progress can realistically be made toward the prevention and treatment of stroke and other ailments. Finally, she explores the potential for major advances during the "Decade of the Brain," with a look at medical imaging techniques--what various technologies can and cannot tell us--and how the public and private sectors can contribute to continued advances in neuroscience. This highly readable volume will provide the public and policymakers--and many scientists as well--with a helpful guide to understanding the many discoveries that are sure to be announced throughout the "Decade of the Brain."

Neuropsychology of Space

Neuropsychology of Space Book
Author : Albert Postma,Ineke J. M. van der Ham
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 0128017945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neuropsychology of Space: Spatial Functions of the Human Brain summarizes recent research findings related to understanding the brain mechanisms involved in spatial reasoning, factors that adversely impact spatial reasoning, and the clinical implications of rehabilitating people who have experienced trauma affecting spatial reasoning. This book will appeal to cognitive psychologists, neuropsychologists, and clinical psychologists. Spatial information processing is central to many aspects of cognitive psychology including perception, attention, motor action, memory, reasoning, and communication. Any behavioural task involves mentally computing spaces, mechanics, and timing and many mental tasks may require thinking about these aspects as well (e.g. imaging the route to a destination). Discusses how spatial processing is central to perception, attention, memory, reasoning, and communication Identifies the brain architecture and processes involved in spatial processing Describes theories of spatial processing and how empirical evidence support or refute theories Includes case studies of neuropsychological disorders to better illustrate theoretical concepts Provides an applied perspective of how spatial perception acts in the real world Contains rehabilitation possibilities for spatial function loss

Making Space

Making Space Book
Author : Jennifer M. Groh
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2014-11-05
ISBN : 0674863216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Knowing where things are seems effortless. Yet our brains devote tremendous power to figuring out simple details about spatial relationships. Jennifer Groh traces this mental detective work to show how the brain creates our sense of location, and makes the case that the brain’s systems for thinking about space may be the systems of thought itself.

The Number Sense

The Number Sense Book
Author : Stanislas Dehaene
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2011-04-29
ISBN : 0199753873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Our understanding of how the human brain performs mathematical calculations is far from complete. In The Number Sense, Stanislas Dehaene offers readers an enlightening exploration of the mathematical mind. Using research showing that human infants have a rudimentary number sense, Dehaene suggests that this sense is as basic as our perception of color, and that it is wired into the brain. But how then did we leap from this basic number ability to trigonometry, calculus, and beyond? Dehaene shows that it was the invention of symbolic systems of numerals that started us on the climb to higher mathematics. Tracing the history of numbers, we learn that in early times, people indicated numbers by pointing to part of their bodies, and how Roman numerals were replaced by modern numbers. On the way, we also discover many fascinating facts: for example, because Chinese names for numbers are short, Chinese people can remember up to nine or ten digits at a time, while English-speaking people can only remember seven. A fascinating look at the crossroads where numbers and neurons intersect, The Number Sense offers an intriguing tour of how the structure of the brain shapes our mathematical abilities, and how math can open up a window on the human mind"--Provided by publisher.

The Extended Mind

The Extended Mind Book
Author : Richard Menary
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0262014033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading scholars respond to the famous proposition by Andy Clark and David Chalmersthat cognition and mind are not located exclusively in the head.

A Wrinkle in Time

A Wrinkle in Time Book
Author : Madeleine L'Engle,General Press
Publisher : GENERAL PRESS
Release : 2019-07-18
ISBN : 9389157722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Wrinkle in Time is the winner of the 1963 Newbery Medal. It was a dark and stormy night—Meg Murry, her small brother Charles Wallace, and her mother had come down to the kitchen for a midnight snack when they were upset by the arrival of a most disturbing stranger. "Wild nights are my glory," the unearthly stranger told them. "I just got caught in a downdraft and blown off course. Let me sit down for a moment, and then I'll be on my way. Speaking of ways, by the way, there is such a thing as a tesseract." A tesseract (in case the reader doesn't know) is a wrinkle in time. To tell more would rob the reader of the enjoyment of Miss L'Engle's unusual book. A Wrinkle in Time, winner of the Newbery Medal in 1963, is the story of the adventures in space and time of Meg, Charles Wallace, and Calvin O'Keefe (athlete, student, and one of the most popular boys in high school). They are in search of Meg's father, a scientist who disappeared while engaged in secret work for the government on the tesseract problem.

From Neurons to Neighborhoods

From Neurons to Neighborhoods Book
Author : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-11-13
ISBN : 0309069882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.

How People Learn

How People Learn Book
Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-09-11
ISBN : 0309070368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

Mind in Motion

Mind in Motion Book
Author : Barbara Tversky
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2019-05-21
ISBN : 0465093078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An eminent psychologist offers a major new theory of human cognition: movement, not language, is the foundation of thought When we try to think about how we think, we can't help but think of words. Indeed, some have called language the stuff of thought. But pictures are remembered far better than words, and describing faces, scenes, and events defies words. Anytime you take a shortcut or play chess or basketball or rearrange your furniture in your mind, you've done something remarkable: abstract thinking without words. In Mind in Motion, psychologist Barbara Tversky shows that spatial cognition isn't just a peripheral aspect of thought, but its very foundation, enabling us to draw meaning from our bodies and their actions in the world. Our actions in real space get turned into mental actions on thought, often spouting spontaneously from our bodies as gestures. Spatial thinking underlies creating and using maps, assembling furniture, devising football strategies, designing airports, understanding the flow of people, traffic, water, and ideas. Spatial thinking even underlies the structure and meaning of language: why we say we push ideas forward or tear them apart, why we're feeling up or have grown far apart. Like Thinking, Fast and Slow before it, Mind in Motion gives us a new way to think about how--and where--thinking takes place.

The Fabric of the Cosmos

The Fabric of the Cosmos Book
Author : Brian Greene
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2007-12-18
ISBN : 0307428532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Brian Greene, one of the world’s leading physicists and author of the Pulitzer Prize finalist The Elegant Universe, comes a grand tour of the universe that makes us look at reality in a completely different way. Space and time form the very fabric of the cosmos. Yet they remain among the most mysterious of concepts. Is space an entity? Why does time have a direction? Could the universe exist without space and time? Can we travel to the past? Greene has set himself a daunting task: to explain non-intuitive, mathematical concepts like String Theory, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and Inflationary Cosmology with analogies drawn from common experience. From Newton’s unchanging realm in which space and time are absolute, to Einstein’s fluid conception of spacetime, to quantum mechanics’ entangled arena where vastly distant objects can instantaneously coordinate their behavior, Greene takes us all, regardless of our scientific backgrounds, on an irresistible and revelatory journey to the new layers of reality that modern physics has discovered lying just beneath the surface of our everyday world.

Time Space Spiking Neural Networks and Brain Inspired Artificial Intelligence

Time Space  Spiking Neural Networks and Brain Inspired Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Nikola K. Kasabov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-29
ISBN : 3662577151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spiking neural networks (SNN) are biologically inspired computational models that represent and process information internally as trains of spikes. This monograph book presents the classical theory and applications of SNN, including original author’s contribution to the area. The book introduces for the first time not only deep learning and deep knowledge representation in the human brain and in brain-inspired SNN, but takes that further to develop new types of AI systems, called in the book brain-inspired AI (BI-AI). BI-AI systems are illustrated on: cognitive brain data, including EEG, fMRI and DTI; audio-visual data; brain-computer interfaces; personalized modelling in bio-neuroinformatics; multisensory streaming data modelling in finance, environment and ecology; data compression; neuromorphic hardware implementation. Future directions, such as the integration of multiple modalities, such as quantum-, molecular- and brain information processing, is presented in the last chapter. The book is a research book for postgraduate students, researchers and practitioners across wider areas, including computer and information sciences, engineering, applied mathematics, bio- and neurosciences.

Space Time and Numbers in the Brain

Space  Time and Numbers in the Brain Book
Author : Stanislas Dehaene
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-07-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Space Time and Numbers in the Brain book written by Stanislas Dehaene, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Roi Cohen Kadosh,Ann Dowker
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0199642346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the vibrant field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume.

Towards embodied artificial cognition TIME is on my side

Towards embodied artificial cognition  TIME is on my side Book
Author : Michail Maniadakis,Marc Wittmann, Sylvie Droit-Volet,Yoonsuck Choe
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-06-05
ISBN : 2889194736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the moment of birth, humans and animals are immersed in time: all experiences and actions evolve in time and are dynamically structured. The perception of time is thus a capacity indispensable for the control of perception, cognition and action. The last 10 years have witnessed a remarkable resurgence of interest in timing and time perception, with a continuously increasing number of researchers exploring these innate abilities. However, existing robotic systems largely neglect the key role of time in cognition and action. This is a major barrier for accomplishing the long-term goal of symbiotic human-robot interaction. The critical question is: how is time instantiated in a biological system and how can it be implemented in an artificial system? Recent years have for example seen an increasing focus on the relationship between affective states and the experience of time. The influence of affective states on subjective time seems to depend on the embodiment of emotions: intertwined affective and interoceptive states may create our subjective experience of time. Since robotic systems are in essence embodied information-processing systems that interact with the real world, we hope to inspire a reciprocal exchange of ideas between the field of Robotics and the Cognitive Neurosciences. In this research topic, we call researchers from different disciplines (Robotics, Neurosciences, and Psychology) to present their empirical work, their models or reviews on the question of how time judgments are instantiated in biological and artificial systems. Of particular interest are papers on time perception in humans and animals, with a focused interest on embodied time perception, i.e. the influence of affective and body states on time judgments. Moreover, the present Research Topic seeks to gather papers discussing the key role of time on different aspects of robotic cognition as well as modeling approaches. We are interested in paving the way for a new generation of intelligent computational systems that incorporate the sense of time in their processing loop and thus accomplish more efficient and more advanced cognitive capacities.

Instant Genius

Instant Genius Book
Author : The INSTANT-Series
Publisher : Instant Series Publication
Release : 2015-07-23
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Instant-Series Presents "Instant Genius" How to Think Like a Genius to Be One Instantly! When you hear the word "genius" - what immediately pops into your mind? Perhaps, people like Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, Leonardo da Vinci, and Thomas Edison just to name a few. What did all these folks have? What was the common factor that made them a genius? And is possible for you to also be like them? Now what is a genius? Geniuses are, first and foremost, extraordinary individuals... They are always somewhat ahead of their time, and their contributions to the world have shaped society into what we know it as of today with all the remarkable fleets of advanced achievements unheard of in the past - just look at how far we have come with modern medicine, science, technologies, etc. And geniuses have helped mankind evolved into more intelligent beings - pushing us to all strive for even greater possibilities. So how to become a genius? The widely-accepted notion is...you're either born with a genius IQ or not; however, being a genius has less to do with your level of intelligence. Everybody has their own form of genius. The key is how to unlock that inner genius of yours. Within "Instant Genius": * How to easily create a custom "genius trigger button" step-by-step, so you can activate it to turn on your full-intellectual mental capacity at will, at anywhere, and at anytime. * How to channel your inner genius through the power of your subconscious mind, by doing the "subconscious self-session" technique to open doors to new ways of thinking. * How to use personalized "visual mental imprints" as your sources of inspirations and motivations to spark your creative genius to generate unlimited innovative ideas. * How to develop genius reflexes to handle any complex problem and come up with ingenious solution to have people look up to you, always wanting to hear what you have to say. * How to optimize your mind to work in relentless genius mode with full concentration and inexhaustible energy where obstacles no longer exist, through an in-depth "4-stages process" you can implement whenever you want. * Plus, custom practical "how-to" strategies, techniques, applications and exercises on how to think like a genius. ...and much more. All of us has the potential to be our own geniuses. You just only need to be guided on how to unleash that genius brain power within you - to finally realize what you're truly capable of. You will be amazed and even surprised yourself.

Individual Differences in Arithmetical Development

Individual Differences in Arithmetical Development Book
Author : Ann Dowker,Bert De Smedt,Annemie Desoete
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-01-03
ISBN : 2889633764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Individual Differences in Arithmetical Development book written by Ann Dowker,Bert De Smedt,Annemie Desoete, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.