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Sources Mechanisms And Toxicity Of Nanomaterials In Plants

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Sources Mechanisms and Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Plants

Sources  Mechanisms and Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Plants Book
Author : Jose Peralta-Videa,Vijay Pratap Singh,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 0128230096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants encounter a wide range of environmental challenges during their life cycle, among which nanoparticle toxicity is a common form of abiotic stress. Nanoparticles can adversely affect various stages of the plant life cycle, such as seed germination, root and shoot growth, chloroplasts ultrastructure and photosynthesis, nutrients assimilation, carbohydrates metabolism, and plant hormonal status, which collectively result in reduced plant yields. Sources, Mechanisms and Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Plants discusses the plant physiology and chemistry involved when plants encounter nanoparticles. Key topics include effects of nanoparticles on photosynthetic responses, regulation of nanoparticle toxicity by nitric oxide, and regulation of nanoparticle toxicity by exogenous application of primary and secondary metabolites. This is the first volume in the new Nanomaterials-Plant Interactions series and is an essential read to all researchers and scientists interested in plant physiology and chemistry, agronomy, nanotechnology and environmental science. Analyses how nanoparticle toxicity impacts the plant life cycle Includes the latest information on the range of coping mechanisms plants use to combat nanotoxicity Reviews protectants, such as endogenous signaling molecules, and their role in protecting the plant from nanotoxicity

Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants  Algae  and Microorganisms Book
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Parvaiz Ahmad,Shivesh Sharma,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Nawal Kishore Dubey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-20
ISBN : 0128116463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume One discusses the vast amount of nanomaterials that have been released into the environment in a relatively short amount of time. There is a need to understand what the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems are as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Not all of the effects are negative, but their impacts are increasing exponentially due to their size, quantity and other factors. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Presents issues that are specific to terrestrial ecosystems Contains contributions from global experts who help increase understanding at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic levels Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic and sheds light on future research needs

C L

C L Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download C L book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 50

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 50 Book
Author : Vipin Kumar Singh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-13
ISBN : 3030632490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 50 book written by Vipin Kumar Singh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Responses to Nanomaterials

Plant Responses to Nanomaterials Book
Author : Vijay Pratap Singh,Samiksha Singh,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Sheo Mohan Prasad,Devendra Kumar Chauhan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-03
ISBN : 3030367401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The population of the world continues to increase at an alarming rate. The trouble linked with overpopulation ranges from food and water scarcity to inadequacy of space for organisms. Overpopulation is also linked with several other demographic hazards, for instance, population blooming will not only result in exhaustion of natural repositories, but it will also induce intense pressure on the world economy. Today nanotechnology is often discussed as a key discipline of research but it has positive and negative aspects. Also, due to industrialization and ever-increasing population, nano-pollution has been an emerging topic among scientists for investigation and debate. Nanotechnology measures any substance on a macromolecular scale, molecular scale, and even atomic scale. More importantly, nanotechnology deals with the manipulation and control of any matter at the dimension of a single nanometer. Nanotechnology and nanoparticles (NPs) play important roles in sustainable development and environmental challenges as well. NPs possess both harmful and beneficial effects on the environment and its harboring components, such as microbes, plants, and humans. There are many beneficial impacts exerted by nanoparticles, however, including their role in the management of waste water and soil treatment, cosmetics, food packaging, agriculture, biomedicines, pharmaceuticals, renewable energies, and environmental remedies. Conversely, NPs also show some toxic effects on microbes, plants, as well as human beings. It has been reported that use of nanotechnological products leads to the more accumulation of NPs in soil and aquatic ecosystems, which may be detrimental for living organisms. Further, toxic effects of NPs on microbes, invertebrates, and aquatic organisms including algae, has been measured. Scientists have also reported on the negative impact of NPs on plants by discussing the delivery of NPs in plants. Additionally, scientists have also showed that NPs interact with plant cells, which results in alterations in growth, biological function, gene expression, and development. Thus, there has been much investigated and reported on NPs and plant interactions in the last decade. This book discusses the most recent work on NPs and plant interaction, which should be useful for scientists working in nanotechnology across a wide variety of disciplines.

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation Book
Author : Abdeltif Amrane,Aymen Amine Assadi,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuán Anh Nguyen,Sami Rtimi
Publisher : Micro and Nano Technologies
Release : 2020-01-17
ISBN : 0128188219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation provides a comprehensive description of basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of air treatment using nanomaterials. The book explores how nanomaterials are used in various air remediation techniques, including advanced oxidation processes, biological processes, and filtration. It also covers their combined use as nanocatalysts, nanoantibiotics, nanoadsorbents, nanocontainers, nanofiltrations and nanosensors. Major challenges to using nanomaterials for improving air quality on a mass scale, both practical and regulatory, are also presented. This is an important resource for materials scientists and environmental engineers who are looking to understand how nanotechnology is used to enhance air quality. Includes coverage of a wide range of nanomaterials, from biochemical to chemical materials, and nanomaterials supported photocatalysts Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient air purification systems and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different types of nanomaterials for air remediation

Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials

Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Vineet Kumar,Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 135125295X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials focuses on causes and prevention of environmental toxicity induced by various nanomaterials. In sixteen chapters it describes the basic principles, trends, challenges, and future directions of nanoecotoxicity. The future acceptance of nanomaterials in various industries depends on the impacts of nanomaterials on the environment and ecosystem. This book analyzes the safe utilization of nanotechnology so the tremendous prospect of nanotechnology can be achieved without harming either living beings or the environment. Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials introduces nanoecotoxicity, describes various factors affecting the toxicity of nanomaterials, discusses various factors that can impart nanoecotoxicity, reviews various studies in the area of nanoecotoxicity evaluation, and describes the safety and risk assessment of nanomaterials. In addition, the book discusses strategies for mitigating nanoecotoxicity. Lastly, the authors provide guidelines and protocols for nanotoxicity evaluation and discuss regulations for safety assessment of nanomaterials. In addition to environmental toxicologists, this book is aimed at policy makers, industry personnel, and doctoral and postdoctoral scholars.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri Food and Environmental Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri Food and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Micro & Nano Technologies
Release : 2019-11
ISBN : 0128197862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments

Environmental Bioremediation Technologies

Environmental Bioremediation Technologies Book
Author : S.N. Singh,R. D. Tripathi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-02-05
ISBN : 3540347933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioremediation is an eco-friendly, cost-effective and natural technology targeted to remove heavy metals, radionuclides, xenobiotic compounds, organic waste, pesticides etc. from contaminated sites or industrial discharges through biological means. Since this technology is used in in-situ conditions, it does not physically disturb the site unlike conventional methods i.e. chemical or mechanical methods.

Bioorganic Phase in Natural Food An Overview

Bioorganic Phase in Natural Food  An Overview Book
Author : S. Mohana Roopan,G. Madhumitha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 3319742108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this singular work is to discuss the role and importance of bioorganic phase in food products-providing the first major reference source for researchers looking to understand all aspects of the isolation, extraction and application of this major element in natural foods. From the identifying features to its applications through biotechnology and nanobiotechnology, this book covers all of the important aspects of bioorganic phase and points to future uses and methods. With chapters focusing on phase extraction and application, food product synthesis and nanoparticle application, Bioorganic Phase in Natural Food: An Overview covers both conventional and non-conventional approaches for the extraction of bioorganic phase from various food sources. Toxicity studies in nanoparticles are presented, and the vital role played by bioorganic phase toward nanoparticles synthesis is outlined in full. For any researcher looking for complete coverage of all main aspects of bioorganic phase in foods, this work provides a comprehensive and well-researched view of this important subject. .

Poisonous Plants and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery

Poisonous Plants and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery Book
Author : Andrew G. Mtewa,Chukwuebuka Egbuna,G. M. Narasimha Rao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-12-22
ISBN : 1119650232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on phytochemicals and their potential for drug discovery, this book offers a comprehensive resource on poisonous plants and their applications in chemistry and in pharmacology. Provides a comprehensive resource on phytotoxins, covering historical perspectives, modern applications, and their potential in drug discovery - Covers the mechanisms, benefits, risks and management protocols of phytotoxins in a scientific laboratory and the usefulness in drug discovery - Written and edited by leading researchers in phytochemistry, medicinal chemistry, analytical chemistry, toxicology, and more - Presents chapters in a carefully designed, clear order, making it an ideal resource for the academic researcher or the industry professional at any stage in their career Provides a comprehensive resource on phytotoxins, covering historical perspectives, modern applications, and their potential in drug discovery Covers the mechanisms, benefits, risks and management protocols of phytotoxins in a scientific laboratory and the usefulness in drug discovery Presents chapters in a carefully designed, clear order, making it an ideal resource for the academic researcher or the industry professional at any stage in their career

Anticancer Plants Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions

Anticancer Plants  Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions Book
Author : Mohd Sayeed Akhtar,Mallappa Kumara Swamy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-03
ISBN : 9811084173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the application of plant derived anticancer compounds as chemopreventives to treat several cancer types, focusing on the molecular mechanisms of action of phytocompounds and providing an overview of the basic processes at the cellular and molecular level that are involved in the progression of the cancer and can be employed in targeted preventive therapies. In addition, it highlights the development of novel anticancer drugs from plant sources using bioinformatics approaches. The compiled chapter data aids readers understanding of issues related to bioavailability, toxic effects and mechanisms of action of phytocompounds, and helps them identify the leads and utilize them against various cancer types effectively. Furthermore, it promotes the use of bioinformatics tools in medicinal plants to expedite their use in plant breeding programs to develop molecular markers to distinguish disease subtypes and predicting mutation, which in turn improves cancer diagnosis and prognosis, and to develop new lead compounds computationally. The book provides scientific verifications of plant compounds mechanisms of action against various cancers and offers useful information for students, teachers, and healthcare professionals involved in drug discovery, and clinical and therapeutic research.

Microbial Nanobionics

Microbial Nanobionics Book
Author : Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-18
ISBN : 3030165345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Nanobionics: Volume 2, Basic Research Applications continues the important discussion of microbial nanoparticle synthesis with a focus on the mechanistic approach of biosynthesis towards nanobionics. This volume also explores the toxicity of nanomaterials in microbes and their effect on human health and the environment. Special Emphasis is given to the use of polymeric nanomaterials in smart packing for the food industry and agricultural sector. The future of nanomaterials for detection of soil microbes and their interactions and tools for environmental remedies is also comprehensively covered. The rich biodiversity of microbes make them excellent candidates for potential nanoparticle synthesis biofactories. Through a better understanding of the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of the microbial biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles, the rate of synthesis can be better developed and the monodispersity of the product can be enhanced. The characteristics of nanoparticles can be controlled via optimization of important parameters, such as temperature, pH, concentration and pressure, which regulate microbe growth conditions and cellular and enzymatic activities. Large scale microbial synthesis of nanoparticles is a sustainable method due to the non-hazardous, non-toxic and economical nature of these processes. The applications of microbial synthesis of nanoparticles are wide and varied, spanning the industrial, biomedical and environmental fields. Biomedical applications include improved and more targeted antimicrobials, biosensing, imaging and drug delivery. In the environmental fields, nanoparticles are used for bioremediation of diverse contaminants, water treatment, catalysis and production of clean energy. With the expected growth of microbial nanotechnology, this volume will serve as a comprehensive and timely reference.

Arsenic Toxicity Challenges and Solutions

Arsenic Toxicity  Challenges and Solutions Book
Author : Nitish Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-13
ISBN : 9813360682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Arsenic Toxicity Challenges and Solutions book written by Nitish Kumar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microbial Nanotechnology

Microbial Nanotechnology Book
Author : Mahendra Rai,Patrycja Golińska
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 1000196488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an account of the biogenic synthesis of nanomaterials by using different microorganisms. The chapters are focused on the biosynthesis of various metal and metal oxide nanosized materials by using bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and algae, including mechanisms of microbial synthesis. Other chapters summarize recent developments of microbial-based nanostructures for the management of food-borne pathogens, plant pathogenic fungi, as nutrients, and biomedical applications. Microorganisms are discussed not only as biofactories for the synthesis of nanomaterials but also as removal agents of toxic metals from the environment. Exposure sources and ecotoxicity of microbially synthesized nanoparticles are also discussed.

Environmental Health Risk III

Environmental Health Risk III Book
Author : C. A. Brebbia,Viktor Popov,D. Fajzieva
Publisher : Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As problems caused by environmental exploitation increase, related health issues are also becoming a major worldwide concern. Containing papers presented at the Third International Conference on the Impact of Environmental Factors on Health, this volume includes contributions from a variety of different disciplines and countries. The papers featured are divided into the following sections; Water Quality Issues; Air Pollution; Radiation Fields; Accident and Man-Made Risks; Risk Analysis; Emergency Response; Food Contamination; Electromagnetic Fields; Noise Pollution; Housing and Health; Occupational Health; Chemical Risk Assessment; Remediation; Social and Economic Issues; Education and Ecotoxicology Studies.

Plant Metal Interactions

Plant Metal Interactions Book
Author : Sudhakar Srivastava,Ashish K. Srivastava,Penna Suprasanna
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-26
ISBN : 3030207323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal toxicity and deficiency are both common abiotic problems faced by plants. While metal contamination around the world is a critical issue, the bioavailability of some essential metals like zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) can be seriously low in other locations. The list of metals spread in high concentrations in soil, water and air includes several toxic as well as essential elements, such as arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), aluminum (Al), and selenium (Se). The problems for some metals are geographically confined, while for others, they are widespread. For instance, arsenic is an important toxic metalloid whose contamination in Southeast Asia and other parts of world is well documented. Its threats to human health via food consumption have generated immense interest in understanding plants’ responses to arsenic stress. Metals constitute crucial components of key enzymes and proteins in plants. They are important for the proper growth and development of plants. In turn, plants serve as sources of essential elements for humans and animals. Studies of their physiological effects on plants metabolism have led to the identification of crucial genes and proteins controlling metal uptake and transport, as well as the sensing and signaling of metal stresses. Plant-Metal Interactions sheds light on the latest development and research in analytical biology with respect to plant physiology. More importantly, it showcases the positive and negative impacts of metals on crop plants growth and productivity.

Medicinal Plants and Environmental Challenges

Medicinal Plants and Environmental Challenges Book
Author : Mansour Ghorbanpour,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 3319687174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book sheds new light on the role of various environmental factors in regulating the metabolic adaptation of medicinal and aromatic plants. Many of the chapters present cutting-edge findings on the contamination of medicinal plants through horizontal transfer, as well as nanomaterials and the biosynthesis of pharmacologically active compounds. In addition, the book highlights the impacts of environmental factors (e.g., high and low temperature, climate change, global warming, UV irradiation, intense sunlight and shade, ozone, carbon dioxide, drought, salinity, nutrient deficiency, agrochemicals, waste, heavy metals, nanomaterials, weeds, pests and pathogen infections) on medicinal and aromatic plants, emphasizing secondary metabolisms. In recent years, interest has grown in the use of bioactive compounds from natural sources. Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute an important part of the natural environment and agro-ecosystems, and contain a wealth of chemical compounds known as secondary metabolites and including alkaloids, glycosides, essential oils and other miscellaneous active substances. These metabolites help plants cope with environmental and/or external stimuli in a rapid, reversible and ecologically meaningful manner. Additionally, environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the metabolic yield of these biologically active molecules. Understanding how medicinal plants respond to environmental perturbations and climate change could open new frontiers in plant production and in agriculture, where successive innovation is urgently needed due to the looming challenges in connection with global food security and climate change. Readers will discover a range of revealing perspectives and the latest research on this vital topic.

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanotoxicology

Nanotoxicology Book
Author : Yuliang Zhao,Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanotoxicology book written by Yuliang Zhao,Hari Singh Nalwa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.