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Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants  Algae  and Microorganisms Book
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Parvaiz Ahmad,Shivesh Sharma,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Nawal Kishore Dubey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-20
ISBN : 0128116463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume One discusses the vast amount of nanomaterials that have been released into the environment in a relatively short amount of time. There is a need to understand what the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems are as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Not all of the effects are negative, but their impacts are increasing exponentially due to their size, quantity and other factors. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Presents issues that are specific to terrestrial ecosystems Contains contributions from global experts who help increase understanding at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic levels Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic and sheds light on future research needs

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology Challenges for Plant Sustainability

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology  Challenges for Plant Sustainability Book
Author : Ashok Kumar Das
Publisher :
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 0128213205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology: Challenges for Plant Sustainability, Volume 87 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on the Current status of environmental monitoring, Physical principles of infrared, Chemical principles of infrared, Instrumentation and hardware, Data analysis, Sampling, Applications in water, Application in soil and sediments, Applications in ecology of animals and plants, Applications in air monitoring, Applications in contamination, Applications in marine environments, Advantages and pitfalls, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series Updated release includes the latest information on the field of engineered nanomaterials in plants

Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials

Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Haseeb Ahmad Khan,Ibrahim Abdulwahid Arif
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1608052834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials provides an authoritative work of international experts in the field of nanotoxicology spanning 8 chapters. A key feature of the e-book is a broad coverage of phytotoxicity of nanoparticles, which is largely neglected in man"

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri Food and Environmental Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri Food and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Micro & Nano Technologies
Release : 2019-11
ISBN : 0128197862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments

Contaminants in Agriculture

Contaminants in Agriculture Book
Author : M. Naeem,Abid Ali Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-25
ISBN : 303041552X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive volume covers recent studies into agricultural problems caused by soil and water contamination. Considering the importance of agricultural crops to human health, the editors have focused on chapters detailing the negative impact of heavy metals, excessive chemical fertilizer use, nutrients, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, agricultural wastes and toxic pollutants, among others, on agricultural soil and crops. In addition, the chapters offer solutions to these negative impacts through various scientific approaches, including using biotechnology, nanotechnology, nutrient management strategies, biofertilizers, as well as potent PGRs and elicitors. This book serves as a key source of information on scientific and engineered approaches and challenges for the bioremediation of agricultural contamination worldwide. This book should be helpful for research students, teachers, agriculturalists, agronomists, botanists, and plant growers, as well as in the fields of agriculture, agronomy, plant science, plant biology, and biotechnology, among others. It serves as an excellent reference on the current research and future directions of contaminants in agriculture from laboratory research to field application.

Green Metal Nanoparticles

Green Metal Nanoparticles Book
Author : Suvardhan Kanchi,Shakeel Ahmed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-06
ISBN : 1119418232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of biological sources such as microbes and plants can help in synthesizing nanoparticles in a reliable and eco-friendly way. The synthesis of nanoparticles by these natural sources is characterized by processes that take place near to ambient temperature and pressures and also near neutral pH. This edited volume authored by subject specialists, provides all the latest research and builds a database of bioreduction agents to various metal nanoparticles using different precursor systems. The book also highlights the different strategies such as simplicity, cost-effectiveness, environment-friendly and easily scalable, and includes parameters for controlling the size and shape of the materials developed from the various greener methods. In order to exploit the utmost potential metal nanoparticles synthesis from the different sources such as agricultural waste, flora and fauna, food waste, microbes and biopolymer systems, it is also crucial to recognize the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of production of nanoparticles and their characterization.

Plant Life under Changing Environment

Plant Life under Changing Environment Book
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Vijay Pratap Singh,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Shivesh Sharma,Sheo Mohan Prasad,Nawal Kishore Dubey,Naleeni Ramawat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-10
ISBN : 0128182059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management presents the latest insights, reflecting the significant progress that has been made in understanding plant responses to various changing environmental impacts, as well as strategies for alleviating their adverse effects, including abiotic stresses. Growing from a focus on plants and their ability to respond, adapt, and survive, Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management addresses options for mitigating those responses to ensure maximum health and growth. Researchers and advanced students in environmental sciences, plant ecophysiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, nano-pollution climate change, and soil pollution will find this an important foundational resource. Covers both responses and adaptation of plants to altered environmental states Illustrates the current impact of climate change on plant productivity, along with mitigation strategies Includes transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic and ionomic approaches

Microbial Nanobionics

Microbial Nanobionics Book
Author : Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-18
ISBN : 3030165345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Nanobionics: Volume 2, Basic Research Applications continues the important discussion of microbial nanoparticle synthesis with a focus on the mechanistic approach of biosynthesis towards nanobionics. This volume also explores the toxicity of nanomaterials in microbes and their effect on human health and the environment. Special Emphasis is given to the use of polymeric nanomaterials in smart packing for the food industry and agricultural sector. The future of nanomaterials for detection of soil microbes and their interactions and tools for environmental remedies is also comprehensively covered. The rich biodiversity of microbes make them excellent candidates for potential nanoparticle synthesis biofactories. Through a better understanding of the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of the microbial biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles, the rate of synthesis can be better developed and the monodispersity of the product can be enhanced. The characteristics of nanoparticles can be controlled via optimization of important parameters, such as temperature, pH, concentration and pressure, which regulate microbe growth conditions and cellular and enzymatic activities. Large scale microbial synthesis of nanoparticles is a sustainable method due to the non-hazardous, non-toxic and economical nature of these processes. The applications of microbial synthesis of nanoparticles are wide and varied, spanning the industrial, biomedical and environmental fields. Biomedical applications include improved and more targeted antimicrobials, biosensing, imaging and drug delivery. In the environmental fields, nanoparticles are used for bioremediation of diverse contaminants, water treatment, catalysis and production of clean energy. With the expected growth of microbial nanotechnology, this volume will serve as a comprehensive and timely reference.

Anticancer Plants Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions

Anticancer Plants  Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions Book
Author : Mohd Sayeed Akhtar,Mallappa Kumara Swamy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-03
ISBN : 9811084173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the application of plant derived anticancer compounds as chemopreventives to treat several cancer types, focusing on the molecular mechanisms of action of phytocompounds and providing an overview of the basic processes at the cellular and molecular level that are involved in the progression of the cancer and can be employed in targeted preventive therapies. In addition, it highlights the development of novel anticancer drugs from plant sources using bioinformatics approaches. The compiled chapter data aids readers understanding of issues related to bioavailability, toxic effects and mechanisms of action of phytocompounds, and helps them identify the leads and utilize them against various cancer types effectively. Furthermore, it promotes the use of bioinformatics tools in medicinal plants to expedite their use in plant breeding programs to develop molecular markers to distinguish disease subtypes and predicting mutation, which in turn improves cancer diagnosis and prognosis, and to develop new lead compounds computationally. The book provides scientific verifications of plant compounds mechanisms of action against various cancers and offers useful information for students, teachers, and healthcare professionals involved in drug discovery, and clinical and therapeutic research.

C L

C L Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2009
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Poisonous Plants and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery

Poisonous Plants and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery Book
Author : Andrew G. Mtewa,Chukwuebuka Egbuna,G. M. Narasimha Rao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 1119650232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on phytochemicals and their potential for drug discovery, this book offers a comprehensive resource on poisonous plants and their applications in chemistry and in pharmacology. Provides a comprehensive resource on phytotoxins, covering historical perspectives, modern applications, and their potential in drug discovery - Covers the mechanisms, benefits, risks and management protocols of phytotoxins in a scientific laboratory and the usefulness in drug discovery - Written and edited by leading researchers in phytochemistry, medicinal chemistry, analytical chemistry, toxicology, and more - Presents chapters in a carefully designed, clear order, making it an ideal resource for the academic researcher or the industry professional at any stage in their career Provides a comprehensive resource on phytotoxins, covering historical perspectives, modern applications, and their potential in drug discovery Covers the mechanisms, benefits, risks and management protocols of phytotoxins in a scientific laboratory and the usefulness in drug discovery Presents chapters in a carefully designed, clear order, making it an ideal resource for the academic researcher or the industry professional at any stage in their career

Bioorganic Phase in Natural Food An Overview

Bioorganic Phase in Natural Food  An Overview Book
Author : S. Mohana Roopan,G. Madhumitha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 3319742108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this singular work is to discuss the role and importance of bioorganic phase in food products-providing the first major reference source for researchers looking to understand all aspects of the isolation, extraction and application of this major element in natural foods. From the identifying features to its applications through biotechnology and nanobiotechnology, this book covers all of the important aspects of bioorganic phase and points to future uses and methods. With chapters focusing on phase extraction and application, food product synthesis and nanoparticle application, Bioorganic Phase in Natural Food: An Overview covers both conventional and non-conventional approaches for the extraction of bioorganic phase from various food sources. Toxicity studies in nanoparticles are presented, and the vital role played by bioorganic phase toward nanoparticles synthesis is outlined in full. For any researcher looking for complete coverage of all main aspects of bioorganic phase in foods, this work provides a comprehensive and well-researched view of this important subject. .

Green Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles

Green Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Mahendra Rai,Clemens Posten
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2013-12-04
ISBN : 1780642237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are physical and chemical methods of synthesis of nanomaterials. But due to the damage caused by these methods to the environment there is a pressing need of green nanotechnology, which is a clean and eco-friendly technology for the development of nanomaterials. The present book includes green synthesis of nanoparticles by algae, diatoms and plants. The mechanism behind the synthesis of nanoparticles will also be discussed. The book would be a valuable resource for students, researchers and teachers of biology, chemistry, chemical technology, nanotechnology, microbial technology and those who are interested in green nanotechnology.

Nanotoxicology

Nanotoxicology Book
Author : Yuliang Zhao,Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher :
Release : 2007
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Bioremediation Technologies

Environmental Bioremediation Technologies Book
Author : S.N. Singh,R. D. Tripathi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-02-05
ISBN : 3540347933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioremediation is an eco-friendly, cost-effective and natural technology targeted to remove heavy metals, radionuclides, xenobiotic compounds, organic waste, pesticides etc. from contaminated sites or industrial discharges through biological means. Since this technology is used in in-situ conditions, it does not physically disturb the site unlike conventional methods i.e. chemical or mechanical methods.

Plant Metal Interactions

Plant Metal Interactions Book
Author : Sudhakar Srivastava,Ashish K. Srivastava,Penna Suprasanna
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-26
ISBN : 3030207323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal toxicity and deficiency are both common abiotic problems faced by plants. While metal contamination around the world is a critical issue, the bioavailability of some essential metals like zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) can be seriously low in other locations. The list of metals spread in high concentrations in soil, water and air includes several toxic as well as essential elements, such as arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), aluminum (Al), and selenium (Se). The problems for some metals are geographically confined, while for others, they are widespread. For instance, arsenic is an important toxic metalloid whose contamination in Southeast Asia and other parts of world is well documented. Its threats to human health via food consumption have generated immense interest in understanding plants’ responses to arsenic stress. Metals constitute crucial components of key enzymes and proteins in plants. They are important for the proper growth and development of plants. In turn, plants serve as sources of essential elements for humans and animals. Studies of their physiological effects on plants metabolism have led to the identification of crucial genes and proteins controlling metal uptake and transport, as well as the sensing and signaling of metal stresses. Plant-Metal Interactions sheds light on the latest development and research in analytical biology with respect to plant physiology. More importantly, it showcases the positive and negative impacts of metals on crop plants growth and productivity.

Medicinal Plants and Environmental Challenges

Medicinal Plants and Environmental Challenges Book
Author : Mansour Ghorbanpour,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 3319687174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book sheds new light on the role of various environmental factors in regulating the metabolic adaptation of medicinal and aromatic plants. Many of the chapters present cutting-edge findings on the contamination of medicinal plants through horizontal transfer, as well as nanomaterials and the biosynthesis of pharmacologically active compounds. In addition, the book highlights the impacts of environmental factors (e.g., high and low temperature, climate change, global warming, UV irradiation, intense sunlight and shade, ozone, carbon dioxide, drought, salinity, nutrient deficiency, agrochemicals, waste, heavy metals, nanomaterials, weeds, pests and pathogen infections) on medicinal and aromatic plants, emphasizing secondary metabolisms. In recent years, interest has grown in the use of bioactive compounds from natural sources. Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute an important part of the natural environment and agro-ecosystems, and contain a wealth of chemical compounds known as secondary metabolites and including alkaloids, glycosides, essential oils and other miscellaneous active substances. These metabolites help plants cope with environmental and/or external stimuli in a rapid, reversible and ecologically meaningful manner. Additionally, environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the metabolic yield of these biologically active molecules. Understanding how medicinal plants respond to environmental perturbations and climate change could open new frontiers in plant production and in agriculture, where successive innovation is urgently needed due to the looming challenges in connection with global food security and climate change. Readers will discover a range of revealing perspectives and the latest research on this vital topic.

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-09-02
ISBN : 9780123810328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial. Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues Enjoys a longstanding reputation for excellence in the field

Environmental Nanotechnology

Environmental Nanotechnology Book
Author : Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-15
ISBN : 3319760904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the environmental benefits of nanomaterials in agriculture, water purification and nanomedicine. Nanotechnology will modify the environment both in a positive and negative way. On the one hand, new nanomaterials are promising for reducing greenhouse gases, cleaning toxic wastes and building alternative energy sources. On the other hand, some toxic nanoparticles enter and disrupt ecosystems. Therefore, research should focus on the sustainable use of nanomaterials to avoid environmental contamination. This volume is the first of several volumes on Environmental Nanotechnology, which will be published in the series Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World.

Microbial Nanotechnology

Microbial Nanotechnology Book
Author : Mahendra Rai,Patrycja Golińska
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 1000196488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an account of the biogenic synthesis of nanomaterials by using different microorganisms. The chapters are focused on the biosynthesis of various metal and metal oxide nanosized materials by using bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and algae, including mechanisms of microbial synthesis. Other chapters summarize recent developments of microbial-based nanostructures for the management of food-borne pathogens, plant pathogenic fungi, as nutrients, and biomedical applications. Microorganisms are discussed not only as biofactories for the synthesis of nanomaterials but also as removal agents of toxic metals from the environment. Exposure sources and ecotoxicity of microbially synthesized nanoparticles are also discussed.