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Somatosensory Feedback For Neuroprosthetics

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Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics

Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics Book
Author : Burak Guclu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-02
ISBN : 0128230002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics covers all relevant aspects to facilitate learning, research and development in the field. The book starts with chapters reviewing the basic anatomy, physiology and psychophysics of the somatosensory system, sensorimotor control and instrumentation. Some sections are dedicated to invasive (peripheral and central, mainly cortical) and noninvasive (vibrotactile, electrotactile, etc.) approaches. Final chapters cover future technologies such as novel sensors and electrodes, safety, clinical testing, commercialization, and practical use, helping make up future prospects for this field with an emphasis on development and end-use. With contributions from renowned experts, users will find recent findings and technical details surrounding findings. Although somatosensory system works in tandem with the motor system in biology, the majority of the prosthetics research and commercial efforts had focused on accommodating movement deficits. With the development of neuroprostheses in the last 15 years, it has become evident that somatosensory input (mainly as touch and proprioception) is essential for motor control, manipulating objects, and embodiment, in addition to its primary role for sensory perception. Provides a review of the somatosensory system and the latest advances in the use of somatosensory feedback for neuroprosthetics Analyzes many approaches to somatosensory feedback Provides the most detailed work on the somatosensory system, its development, and applications in real-life work

Neural Engineering

Neural Engineering Book
Author : Lijie Grace Zhang,David L. Kaplan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-29
ISBN : 3319314335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the principles of advanced 3D fabrication techniques, stem cells and biomaterials for neural engineering. Renowned contributors cover topics such as neural tissue regeneration, peripheral and central nervous system repair, brain-machine interfaces and in vitro nervous system modeling. Within these areas, focus remains on exciting and emerging technologies such as highly developed neuroprostheses and the communication channels between the brain and prostheses, enabling technologies that are beneficial for development of therapeutic interventions, advanced fabrication techniques such as 3D bioprinting, photolithography, microfluidics, and subtractive fabrication, and the engineering of implantable neural grafts.There is a strong focus on stem cells and 3D bioprinting technologies throughout the book, including working with embryonic, fetal, neonatal, and adult stem cells and a variety of sophisticated 3D bioprinting methods for neural engineering applications. There is also a strong focus on biomaterials, including various conductive biomaterials and biomimetic nanomaterials such as carbon-based nanomaterials and engineered 3D nanofibrous scaffolds for neural tissue regeneration. Finally, two chapters on in vitro nervous system models are also included, which cover this topic in the context of studying physiology and pathology of the human nervous system, and for use in drug discovery research. This is an essential book for biomedical engineers, neuroscientists, neurophysiologists, and industry professionals.

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics Book
Author : Naik, Ganesh R.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-05-31
ISBN : 1466660953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroprosthetics is a fast-growing area that brings together the fields of biomedical engineering and neuroscience as a means to interface the neural system directly to prostheses. Advancing research and applications in this field can assist in successfully restoring motor, sensory, and cognitive functions. Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics brings together the most up-to-date research surrounding neuroprosthetics advances and applications. Presenting several new results, concepts, and further developments in the area of neuroprosthetics, this book is an essential publication for researchers, upper-level students, engineers, and medical practitioners.

Neuroprosthetics Theory And Practice Second Edition

Neuroprosthetics  Theory And Practice  Second Edition  Book
Author : Horch Kenneth W,Kipke Daryl R
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-03-10
ISBN : 9813207167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an updated and abridged edition of the original volume published in 2004. Like its predecessor it is targeted for students of bioengineering, biomedical engineering, applied physiology, biological cybernetics and related fields; for engineers and scientists who have an interest in neuroprosthetics; and for medical practitioners using products of that field. The practice of neuroprosthetics requires a fundamental understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, mathematical neurobiology, material science, electrochemistry, and electrophysiology. The text assumes some familiarity with basic anatomy, physiology, calculus, electrophysiology and bioinstrumentation, which typically are covered in undergraduate and first year graduate bioengineering curricula. These areas are also reviewed here, with the aim of consolidating principles fundamental to understanding the field. With that as background, the book then presents an overview of the field with detailed emphasis in selected areas of neural interfaces and neuroprostheses. The covered topics provide readers with sufficient information to understand the theory, rationale, design, and functioning of neuroprosthetic devices currently in clinical use and under development. The current volume is shorter than its predecessor. This has been achieved by reducing some of the repetition present in certain chapters of the earlier edition and eliminating a few chapters whose topics are now well covered in review literature readily available on the internet and elsewhere. Two chapters have been retained in their original versions to provide important background material, but the remaining chapters have either been revised by their original authors or replaced by new versions written by different authors. In addition new topics have been added to the section on existing systems.

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function Book
Author : Kevin Kilgore
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-24
ISBN : 1782421092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research and developments in neuroprostheses are providing scientists with the potential to greatly improve the lives of individuals who have lost some function. Neuroprostheses can help restore or substitute motor and sensory functions which may have been damaged as a result of injury or disease. However, these minute implantable sensors also provide scientists with challenges. This important new book provides readers with a comprehensive review of neuroprostheses. Chapters in part one are concerned with the fundamentals of these devices. Part two looks at neuroprostheses for restoring sensory function whilst part three addresses neuroprostheses for restoring motor function. The final set of chapters discusses significant considerations concerning these sensors. Systematic and comprehensive coverage of neuroprostheses Covers the fundamentals of neuroprostheses, their application in restoring sensory and motor function and an analysis of the future trends Keen focus on industry needs in the field of biomaterials

Neuroprosthetics and Brain Computer Interfaces in Spinal Cord Injury

Neuroprosthetics and Brain Computer Interfaces in Spinal Cord Injury Book
Author : Gernot Müller-Putz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-17
ISBN : 3030685454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuroprosthetics and Brain Computer Interfaces in Spinal Cord Injury book written by Gernot Müller-Putz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multisensory Integration of Lower Limb Somatosensory Neuroprostheses from Psychophysics to Functionality

Multisensory Integration of Lower Limb Somatosensory Neuroprostheses  from Psychophysics to Functionality Book
Author : Breanne P. Christie
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over one million individuals in the United States have a lower-limb amputation. Though locomotion is a sensorimotor process, no commercially available prostheses offer somatosensory feedback, and amputees continue to face locomotor challenges. Recent studies have demonstrated that electrically stimulating the residual nerves of amputees can elicit somatosensory percepts referred to the missing limb. Though peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) takes advantage of the existing neural pathways that carry sensory information from the amputated limb to the brain, neural stimulation does not activate these afferent fibers in the same manner as physically-applied tactile stimuli. We hypothesized that these differences in neural activation may cause PNS-evoked sensation to be perceived differently than natural touch with respect to temporal synchrony and multisensory integration. In Aim 1, we found that the processing time and temporal sensitivity were not different between PNS-evoked and natural somatosensation. The similarity in visuotactile synchrony provided further evidence that PNS-evoked sensations are processed in broadly the same way as natural touch. In Aim 2, we established that much like natural somatosensation, vision and postural manipulations could reinforce PNS-evoked somatosensation. This multisensory integration had not been previously demonstrated and it is important for sensory neuroprostheses, which will be used in diverse environments with various sensory resources.The findings from Aims 1-2 demonstrated that PNS-evoked and natural somatosensation have similar properties, but did not guarantee that the body would utilize the sensory information accordingly. In Aim 3, we showed that amputees utilized PNS-evoked plantar sensation while performing a challenging locomotor task, revealing a significant and immediate benefit of somatosensory feedback to amputees. The use of a sensory-enabled prosthesis did not change the amputees' locomotor strategies, which indicated that longer-term therapeutic benefits might require a longer familiarization period with the device. PNS allowed us to decouple sensory stimuli in a way that is not ordinarily possible, enabling probing of the underlying characteristics of multisensory integration. This dissertation lays the groundwork for future studies with additional target populations. Both trans-femoral and bilateral amputees are missing more sensory resources than unilateral trans-tibial amputees, and could benefit substantially from restoring balance resources, such as somatosensation.

Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain machine Interfaces

Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain machine Interfaces Book
Author : Gene Yevgeny Fridman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain machine Interfaces book written by Gene Yevgeny Fridman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy

Augmentation of Brain Function  Facts  Fiction and Controversy Book
Author : Mikhail Lebedev,Ioan Opris,Manuel F. Casanova
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 2889456145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume I, entitled “Augmentation of Brain Functions: Brain-Machine Interfaces”, is a collection of articles on neuroprosthetic technologies that utilize brain-machine interfaces (BMIs). BMIs strive to augment the brain by linking neural activity, recorded invasively or noninvasively, to external devices, such as arm prostheses, exoskeletons that enable bipedal walking, means of communication and technologies that augment attention. In addition to many practical applications, BMIs provide useful research tools for basic science. Several articles cover challenges and controversies in this rapidly developing field, such as ways to improve information transfer rate. BMIs can be applied to the awake state of the brain and to the sleep state, as well. BMIs can augment action planning and decision making. Importantly, BMI operations evoke brain plasticity, which can have long-lasting effects. Advanced neural decoding algorithms that utilize optimal feedback controllers are key to the BMI performance. BMI approach can be combined with the other augmentation methods; such systems are called hybrid BMIs. Overall, it appears that BMI will lead to many powerful and practical brain-augmenting technologies in the future.

Enhancing Performance for Action and Perception

Enhancing Performance for Action and Perception Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-16
ISBN : 0080885357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Progess in Brain Research follows on from the 32nd International Symposium of the Groupe de recherche sur le système nerveux central (GRSNC), May 2010, and aims to provide an overview of the various neural mechanisms that contribute to learning new motor and sensory skills, and to adapting to changed circumstances, including the use of devices and implants to substitute for lost sensory or motor abilities (brain machine interfaces). The focus is on recent developments covering five major themes: Mechanisms to improve motor performance Neuro-rehabilitation of motor function Mechanisms to enhance sensory perception Cross modal interationc for enhancing sensorimotor performance Assistive technologies to enhance sensorimotor performance This volume focuses on the translation of scientific knowledge into applications and strategies that can help restore lost function following injury or disease including assistive neuroprosthetic technologies to enhance sensorimotor performance and neurorehabilitation. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Biomimetic Approaches to Bionic Touch Through a Peripheral Nerve Interface

Biomimetic Approaches to Bionic Touch Through a Peripheral Nerve Interface Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: State-of-the-art prosthetic hands nearly match the dexterity of the human hand, and sophisticated approaches have been developed to control them intuitively. However, grasping and dexterously manipulating objects relies heavily on the sense of touch, without which we would struggle to perform even the most basic activities of daily living. Despite the importance of touch, not only in motor control but also in affective communication and embodiment, the restoration of touch through bionic hands is still in its infancy, a shortcoming that severely limits their effectiveness. Here, we focus on approaches to restore the sense of touch through an electrical interface with the peripheral nerve. First, we describe devices that can be chronically implanted in the nerve to electrically activate nerve fibers. Second, we discuss how these interfaces have been used to convey basic somatosensory feedback. Third, we review what is known about how the somatosensory nerve encodes information about grasped objects in intact limbs and discuss how these natural neural codes can be exploited to convey artificial tactile feedback. Finally, we offer a blueprint for how these codes could be implemented in a neuroprosthetic device to deliver rich, natural, and versatile tactile sensations. Highlights: Touch is critical for object manipulation, affective communication, and embodiment. For neuroprosthetic limbs to be useful, they must convey tactile feedback. Touch sensations can be evoked by electrically stimulating the nerve. How do we stimulate with existing peripheral nerve interfaces to produce useful touch sensations? If we can reproduce natural patterns of neural activation, artificial touch will feel natural.

Telematics and Informatics

Telematics and Informatics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Telematics and Informatics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

IJCAI 05

IJCAI 05 Book
Author : Leslie Pack Kaelbling
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download IJCAI 05 book written by Leslie Pack Kaelbling, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Index to IEEE Publications

Index to IEEE Publications Book
Author : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues for 1973- cover the entire IEEE technical literature.

Advances in External Control of Human Extremities IX

Advances in External Control of Human Extremities IX Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in External Control of Human Extremities IX book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Digest of Technical Papers

Digest of Technical Papers Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience A G

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience  A G Book
Author : George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal,Richard F. Thompson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9780080447353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience A G book written by George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal,Richard F. Thompson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Society for Neuroscience Abstracts

Society for Neuroscience Abstracts Book
Author : Society for Neuroscience. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Society for Neuroscience Abstracts book written by Society for Neuroscience. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Physiological Basis of Rehabilitation Medicine

The Physiological Basis of Rehabilitation Medicine Book
Author : John A. Downey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Physiological Basis of Rehabilitation Medicine: Second Edition presents a comprehensive examination of the management of patients with functional impairments due to disease or trauma. It discusses the distinction between disabilities and impairments per se. It addresses the method in which the human body adapts and compensates for the stress produced by physical injuries. Some of the topics covered in the book are the physiology of cerebellum and basal ganglia; description of upper and lower motor neurons; anatomy of the vascular supply to the brain; characteristics of the autonomic nervou ...