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Somatosensory Feedback For Neuroprosthetics

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Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics

Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics Book
Author : Burak Guclu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 0128230002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although somatosensory system works in tandem with the motor system in biology, the majority of the prosthetics research and commercial efforts had focused on accommodating movement deficits. With the development of neuroprostheses in the last 15 years, it has become evident that somatosensory input (mainly as touch and proprioception) is essential for motor control, manipulating objects, and embodiment, in addition to its primary role for sensory perception. Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics covers all relevant aspects to facilitate learning and doing research and development in the field. To understand the properties of the body to create viable solutions, this book starts with chapters reviewing the basic anatomy, physiology, and psychophysics of the somatosensory system, sensorimotor control, and instrumentation. Some sections are dedicated to invasive (peripheral and central, mainly cortical) and noninvasive (vibrotactile, electrotactile, etc.) approaches. Final chapters cover future technologies such as novel sensors and electrodes, safety, and clinical testing, and help to make up future prospects for this field with an emphasis on development and end use. With contributions from renowned experts, the contents include their recent findings and technical details necessary to understand those findings. Provides a concise review of the somatosensory system and latest advances in the use of somatosensory feedback for neuroprosthetics Analyzes many approaches to somatosensory feedback Provides the most detailed work on somatosensory neuroprostheses, their development, and applications in real life work.

Neural Engineering

Neural Engineering Book
Author : Lijie Grace Zhang,David L. Kaplan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-29
ISBN : 3319314335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the principles of advanced 3D fabrication techniques, stem cells and biomaterials for neural engineering. Renowned contributors cover topics such as neural tissue regeneration, peripheral and central nervous system repair, brain-machine interfaces and in vitro nervous system modeling. Within these areas, focus remains on exciting and emerging technologies such as highly developed neuroprostheses and the communication channels between the brain and prostheses, enabling technologies that are beneficial for development of therapeutic interventions, advanced fabrication techniques such as 3D bioprinting, photolithography, microfluidics, and subtractive fabrication, and the engineering of implantable neural grafts.There is a strong focus on stem cells and 3D bioprinting technologies throughout the book, including working with embryonic, fetal, neonatal, and adult stem cells and a variety of sophisticated 3D bioprinting methods for neural engineering applications. There is also a strong focus on biomaterials, including various conductive biomaterials and biomimetic nanomaterials such as carbon-based nanomaterials and engineered 3D nanofibrous scaffolds for neural tissue regeneration. Finally, two chapters on in vitro nervous system models are also included, which cover this topic in the context of studying physiology and pathology of the human nervous system, and for use in drug discovery research. This is an essential book for biomedical engineers, neuroscientists, neurophysiologists, and industry professionals.

Single unit Responses in Somatosensory Cortex to Precision Grip of Textured Surfaces

Single unit Responses in Somatosensory Cortex to Precision Grip of Textured Surfaces Book
Author : Stephanie Naufel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade, research on the motor control side of neuroprosthetics has steadily gained momentum. However, modern research in prosthetic development supplements a focus on motor control with a concentration on sensory feedback. Simulating sensation is a central issue because without sensory capabilities, the sophistication of the most advanced motor control system fails to reach its full potential. This research is an effort toward the development of sensory feedback specifically for neuroprosthetic hands. The present aim of this work is to understand the processing and representation of cutaneous sensation by evaluating performance and neural activity in somatosensory cortex (SI) during a grasp task. A non-human primate (Macaca mulatta) was trained to reach out and grasp textured instrumented objects with a precision grip. Two different textures for the objects were used, 100% cotton cloth and 60-grade sandpaper, and the target object was presented at two different orientations. Of the 167 cells that were isolated for this experiment, only 42 were recorded while the subject executed a few blocks of successful trials for both textures. These latter cells were used in this study's statistical analysis. Of these, 37 units (88%) exhibited statistically significant task related activity. Twenty-two units (52%) exhibited statistically significant tuning to texture, and 16 units (38%) exhibited statistically significant tuning to posture. Ten of the cells (24%) exhibited statistically significant tuning to both texture and posture. These data suggest that single units in somatosensory cortex can encode multiple phenomena such as texture and posture. However, if this information is to be used to provide sensory feedback for a prosthesis, scientists must learn to further parse cortical activity to discover how to induce specific modalities of sensation. Future experiments should therefore be developed that probe more variables and that more systematically and comprehensively scan somatosensory cortex. This will allow researchers to seek out the existence or non-existence of cortical pockets reserved for certain modalities of sensation, which will be valuable in learning how to later provide appropriate sensory feedback for a prosthesis through cortical stimulation.

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics Book
Author : Naik, Ganesh R.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-05-31
ISBN : 1466660953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroprosthetics is a fast-growing area that brings together the fields of biomedical engineering and neuroscience as a means to interface the neural system directly to prostheses. Advancing research and applications in this field can assist in successfully restoring motor, sensory, and cognitive functions. Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics brings together the most up-to-date research surrounding neuroprosthetics advances and applications. Presenting several new results, concepts, and further developments in the area of neuroprosthetics, this book is an essential publication for researchers, upper-level students, engineers, and medical practitioners.

Electrocorticographic Brain Computer Interfaces

Electrocorticographic Brain Computer Interfaces Book
Author : Mikhail Lebedev,Alexei Ossadtchi,Mikhail Sinkin,Christoph Guger,Alessandro Vato,Eric Leuthardt
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-02-22
ISBN : 2889744744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Topic Editor Christoph Guger is the CEO of Guger Technologies. All other topic editors declare no competing interests with regards to the Research Topic subject.

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics Book
Author : Kenneth W. Horch,Gurpreet S. Dhillon
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9789812380227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function Book
Author : Kevin Kilgore
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-24
ISBN : 1782421092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research and developments in neuroprostheses are providing scientists with the potential to greatly improve the lives of individuals who have lost some function. Neuroprostheses can help restore or substitute motor and sensory functions which may have been damaged as a result of injury or disease. However, these minute implantable sensors also provide scientists with challenges. This important new book provides readers with a comprehensive review of neuroprostheses. Chapters in part one are concerned with the fundamentals of these devices. Part two looks at neuroprostheses for restoring sensory function whilst part three addresses neuroprostheses for restoring motor function. The final set of chapters discusses significant considerations concerning these sensors. Systematic and comprehensive coverage of neuroprostheses Covers the fundamentals of neuroprostheses, their application in restoring sensory and motor function and an analysis of the future trends Keen focus on industry needs in the field of biomaterials

Data Enabled Intelligence for Medical Technology Innovation Volume I

Data Enabled Intelligence for Medical Technology Innovation  Volume I Book
Author : Nianyin Zeng,Kathy Clawson,Yonghong Peng
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-02-21
ISBN : 2889744523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Data Enabled Intelligence for Medical Technology Innovation Volume I book written by Nianyin Zeng,Kathy Clawson,Yonghong Peng, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioinspired Devices

Bioinspired Devices Book
Author : Eugene C. Goldfield
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2018-01-08
ISBN : 0674981936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eugene Goldfield lays out principles of engineering found in the natural world, with a focus on how components of coordinated structures organize themselves into autonomous functional systems. This self-organizing capacity is one of many qualities which can be harnessed to design technologies that can interact seamlessly with human bodies.

Advances in Motor Neuroprostheses

Advances in Motor Neuroprostheses Book
Author : Ramana Vinjamuri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-10
ISBN : 3030387402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive review of recent developments in the field of motor neuroprosthetics and brain-machine interfaces. Chapters in this book are provided by leading experts in the field and include topics such as the design and control of multidimensional prosthetics and exoskeletons, deep brain stimulation, functional electrical stimulation, deep learning for brain machine interfaces, biofeedback, and cognitive intent for adaptation of motor prostheses. This book is a great resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, engineers from related disciplines, entrepreneurs, and anyone interested in the latest progress in the field of motor neuroprostheses.

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation Book
Author : Michael Selzer,Stephanie Clarke,Leonardo Cohen,Gert Kwakkel,Robert Miller
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-04-24
ISBN : 1107011671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 1 of the Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation covers the basic sciences relevant to recovery of function following injury to the nervous system.

Methods for Neural Ensemble Recordings Second Edition

Methods for Neural Ensemble Recordings  Second Edition Book
Author : Miguel A. L. Nicolelis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-12-03
ISBN : 9781420006414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last ten years neural ensemble recording grew into a well-respected and highly data-lucrative science. New experimental paradigms, including the fabrication of high-density microelectrodes, new surgical implantation techniques, multi-channel signal processing, and the establishment of direct real-time brain-machine interfaces, hold promise not just for neurophysiology research, but also for new-generation prosthetic devices aimed at restoring mobility and communication skills in severely disabled patients. Extensively updated and expanded, Methods for Neural Ensemble Recording, Second Edition distills the current state-of-the-science and provides the nuts and bolts foundation from which to advance the field for the next ten years. With contributions from pioneering researchers, this second edition begins with an overview of microwire array design for chronic neural recordings. Demonstrating the diversity now enjoyed in the field, the book reviews new surgical techniques for chronic implantation of microwire arrays in not just rodents, but primates as well. It explores microelectrode microstimulation of brain tissue, discusses multielectrode recordings in the somatosensory system and during learning, and analyzes neural ensemble recordings from the central gustatory-reward pathways in awake and behaving animals. An exploration of new strategies for neural ensemble data analysis for Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) applications foreshadows an investigation into employing BMI to restore neurological function. Using multielectrode field potential recordings, contributions define global brain states and propose conceptual and technical approaches to human neural ensemble recordings in the future.

Biosignal Processing and Computational Methods to Enhance Sensory Motor Neuroprosthetics

Biosignal Processing and Computational Methods to Enhance Sensory Motor Neuroprosthetics Book
Author : Mitsuhiro Hayashibe,David Guiraud,Jose L. Pons,Dario Farina
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 2889197182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Though there have been many developments in sensory/motor prosthetics, they have not yet reached the level of standard and worldwide use like pacemakers and cochlear implants. One challenging issue in motor prosthetics is the large variety of patient situations, which depending on the type of neurological disorder. To improve neuroprosthetic performance beyond the current limited use of such systems, robust bio-signal processing and model-based control involving actual sensory motor state (with biosignal feedback) would bring about new modalities and applications, and could be a breakthrough toward adaptive neuroprosthetics. Recent advances of Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) now enable patients to transmit their intention of movement. However, the functionality and controllability of motor prosthetics itself can be further improved to take advantage of BCI interfaces. In this Research Topic we welcome contribution of original research articles, computational and experimental studies, review articles, and methodological advances related to biosignal processing that may enhance the functionality of sensory motor neuroprosthetics. The scope of this topic includes, but is not limited to, studies aimed at enhancing: 1) computational biosignal processing in EMG (Electromyography), EEG (Electroencephalography), and other modalities of biofeedback information; 2) the computational method in modeling and control of sensory motor neuroprosthetics; 3) the systematic functionality aiming to provide solutions for specific pathological movement disorders; 4) human interfaces such as BCI - but in the case of BCI study, manuscripts should be experimental studies which are applied to sensory/motor neuroprosthetics in patients with motor disabilities.

A Conversation With the Brain Can We Speak Its Language

A Conversation With the Brain  Can We Speak Its Language  Book
Author : Alejandro Barriga-Rivera,Tianruo Guo,Yuki Hayashida,Gregg Suaning
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 2889660672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Conversation With the Brain Can We Speak Its Language book written by Alejandro Barriga-Rivera,Tianruo Guo,Yuki Hayashida,Gregg Suaning, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Brain Machine Interfaces

Brain Machine Interfaces Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-21
ISBN : 044453816X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume follows on from the symposium "Brain Machine Interfaces - Implications for science, clinical practice and society", held on August 26th-29th 2010 in Ystad, Sweden, and features contributions from pioneers and leading scientists in the field of BMI and motor systems physiology, including spinal cord, basal ganglia and motor cortex. The wide range of topics covered include implants for mind control of prostheses and in robotics, clinical and experimental research on Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, depression and Alzheimer’s disease, cochlear implants, retinal implants, novel flexible micro- and nano-electrode implants, safety aspects including acute and chronic tissue reactions to implants and on ethical issues in DBS. Program and abstracts from the individual contributors can be found on http://www.med.lu.se/nrc/bmi_symposium. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Prostheses for the Brain

Prostheses for the Brain Book
Author : Andrej Kral,Felix Aplin,Hannes Maier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-03
ISBN : 0128188936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prostheses for the Brain: Introduction to Neuroprosthetics bridges the disciplines required in the field of neuroprosthetics and provides the interdisciplinary base required for understanding neuroprosthetic devices. It introduces basic aspects from the physical, bioengineering and medical perspectives, and forms a common knowledge base. It provides the entrance to the field and sets realistic expectations, both regarding potentials as well as limitations, for the devices in both design and outcomes. The book additionally reviews the technology behind the most frequently used and most clinically successful neuroprosthetic devices. It provides the physiological background for their function, as well as the technology behind them. Finally, the authors suggest future possible developments that may play crucial role in new prostheses for the brain. This gives the reader a comprehensive view on the principles and applications of neuroprostheses. This book has been built from the authors course they teach on neuroprostheses and is ideal for students, engineers and medical professionals in this field. Introduces the general principles of conductivity of electrolytes and the processes at the tissue–electrode interface Describes safety issues and regulatory rules, clarifies conceptual differences between stimulating and sensing electrodes Reviews stimulation strategies, tissue reactions, potential medical complications, brain adaptations and the clinically most successful applications of neuroprostheses

Neuromodulation An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America

Neuromodulation  An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America  An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America Book
Author : Wendell B Lake,Ashwini Sharan,Chengyuan Wu
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-04-28
ISBN : 032367853X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue of Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America focuses on Biliary Tract and Primary Liver Tumors and is edited by Dr. T. Clark Gamblin. Articles will include: Biliary Tract and Primary Liver Tumors; Biliary Tract and Primary Liver Tumors: Who, What and Why?; Imaging Updates for Biliary Tract or Primary Liver Tumors; Endoscopic and Percutaneous Approaches to Treat of Biliary Tract and Primary Liver Tumors: Controversies and Advances; Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Strategies and Options; Surgical Considerations of Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma; Gall Bladder Cancer: Managing the Incidental Diagnosis; Approaches and Outcomes to Distal Cholangiocarcinoma; Evolving Surgical Options of Hepatocellular Carcinoma; Staging of Biliary and Primary Liver Tumors: Current Reccomendations and Workup; Systemic and Targeted Therapy for Biliary Tract Tumors and Primary Liver Tumors; Regional Chemotherapy for Biliary Tract and Primary Liver Cancer; Role of Radioembolization for Biliary Tract and Primary Liver Cancer; Inoperable Biliary Tract and Primary Liver Tumors: Palliative Treatment Options; Expanding the Surgical Pool for Hepatic Resection to Treat Biliary and Primary Liver Tumors; and more!

Biomedical Engineering Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Biomedical Engineering  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-07-13
ISBN : 1522531599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technological tools and computational techniques have enhanced the healthcare industry. These advancements have led to significant progress and novel opportunities for biomedical engineering. Biomedical Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is an authoritative reference source for emerging scholarly research on trends, techniques, and future directions in the field of biomedical engineering technologies. Highlighting a comprehensive range of topics such as nanotechnology, biomaterials, and robotics, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for medical practitioners, professionals, students, engineers, and researchers interested in the latest developments in biomedical technology.

Multisensory Integration of Lower Limb Somatosensory Neuroprostheses from Psychophysics to Functionality

Multisensory Integration of Lower Limb Somatosensory Neuroprostheses  from Psychophysics to Functionality Book
Author : Breanne P. Christie
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over one million individuals in the United States have a lower-limb amputation. Though locomotion is a sensorimotor process, no commercially available prostheses offer somatosensory feedback, and amputees continue to face locomotor challenges. Recent studies have demonstrated that electrically stimulating the residual nerves of amputees can elicit somatosensory percepts referred to the missing limb. Though peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) takes advantage of the existing neural pathways that carry sensory information from the amputated limb to the brain, neural stimulation does not activate these afferent fibers in the same manner as physically-applied tactile stimuli. We hypothesized that these differences in neural activation may cause PNS-evoked sensation to be perceived differently than natural touch with respect to temporal synchrony and multisensory integration. In Aim 1, we found that the processing time and temporal sensitivity were not different between PNS-evoked and natural somatosensation. The similarity in visuotactile synchrony provided further evidence that PNS-evoked sensations are processed in broadly the same way as natural touch. In Aim 2, we established that much like natural somatosensation, vision and postural manipulations could reinforce PNS-evoked somatosensation. This multisensory integration had not been previously demonstrated and it is important for sensory neuroprostheses, which will be used in diverse environments with various sensory resources.The findings from Aims 1-2 demonstrated that PNS-evoked and natural somatosensation have similar properties, but did not guarantee that the body would utilize the sensory information accordingly. In Aim 3, we showed that amputees utilized PNS-evoked plantar sensation while performing a challenging locomotor task, revealing a significant and immediate benefit of somatosensory feedback to amputees. The use of a sensory-enabled prosthesis did not change the amputees' locomotor strategies, which indicated that longer-term therapeutic benefits might require a longer familiarization period with the device. PNS allowed us to decouple sensory stimuli in a way that is not ordinarily possible, enabling probing of the underlying characteristics of multisensory integration. This dissertation lays the groundwork for future studies with additional target populations. Both trans-femoral and bilateral amputees are missing more sensory resources than unilateral trans-tibial amputees, and could benefit substantially from restoring balance resources, such as somatosensation.

Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain machine Interfaces

Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain machine Interfaces Book
Author : Gene Yevgeny Fridman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain machine Interfaces book written by Gene Yevgeny Fridman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.