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Solution Thermodynamics And Its Application To Aqueous Solutions

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Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Yoshikata Koga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-11-12
ISBN : 9780080551876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the title suggests, we introduce a novel differential approach to solution thermodynamics and use it for the study of aqueous solutions. We evaluate the quantities of higher order derivative than the normal thermodynamic functions. We allow these higher derivative data speak for themselves without resorting to any model system. We thus elucidate the molecular processes in solution, (referred to in this book “mixing scheme ), to the depth equal to, if not deeper, than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. We show that there are three composition regions in aqueous solutions of non-electrolytes, each of which has a qualitatively distinct mixing scheme. The boundary between the adjacent regions is associated with an anomaly in the third derivatives of G. The loci of the anomalies in the temperature-composition field form the line sometimes referred as “Koga line . We then take advantage of the anomaly of a third derivative quantity of 1-propanol in the ternary aqueous solution, 1-propanol – sample species – H2O. We use its induced change as a probe of the effect of a sample species on H2O. In this way, we clarified what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. We also apply the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series. We show that the kosmotropes (salting out, or stabilizing agents) are either hydrophobes or hydration centres, and that chaotropes (salting in, or destablizing agents) are hydrophiles. A new differential approach to solution thermodynamics A particularly clear elucidation of the mixing schemes in aqueous solutions A clear understandings on the effects of hydrophobes, hydrophiles, and amphiphiles to H2O A clear understandings on the effects of ions on H2O in relation to the Hofmeister effect A new differential approach to studies in muti-component aqueous solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Yoshikata Koga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-28
ISBN : 0444636307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions: A Differential Approach, Second Edition introduces a differential approach to solution thermodynamics, applying it to the study of aqueous solutions. This valuable approach reveals the molecular processes in solutions in greater depth than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. The book clarifies what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. By applying the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series, the author shows that the kosmotropes are either hydrophobes or hydration centers, and that chaotropes are hydrophiles. This unique approach and important updates make the new edition a must-have reference for those active in solution chemistry. Unique differential approach to solution thermodynamics allows for experimental evaluation of the intermolecular interaction Incorporates research findings from over 40 articles published since the previous edition Numerical or graphical evaluation and direct experimental determination of third derivatives, enthalpic and volumetric AL-AL interactions and amphiphiles are new to this edition Features new chapters on spectroscopic study in aqueous solutions as well as environmentally friendly and hostile water aqueous solutions

Exam Prep for Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application

Exam Prep for  Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application     Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Exam Prep for Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions

Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Marcel Pourbaix
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1949
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions book written by Marcel Pourbaix, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Second Law of Thermodynamics

The Second Law of Thermodynamics Book
Author : Joseph Kestin
Publisher : Dowden Hutchinson and Ross
Release : 1976
ISBN : 9780879332426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Second Law of Thermodynamics book written by Joseph Kestin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamics of Solutions

Thermodynamics of Solutions Book
Author : Eli Ruckenstein,Ivan L. Shulgin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-17
ISBN : 9781441904409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of a number of papers regarding the thermodynamics and structure of multicomponent systems that we have published during the last decade. Even though they involve different topics and different systems, they have something in common which can be considered as the “signature” of the present book. First, these papers are concerned with “difficult” or very nonideal systems, i. e. systems with very strong interactions (e. g. , hyd- gen bonding) between components or systems with large differences in the partial molar v- umes of the components (e. g. , the aqueous solutions of proteins), or systems that are far from “normal” conditions (e. g. , critical or near-critical mixtures). Second, the conventional th- modynamic methods are not sufficient for the accurate treatment of these mixtures. Last but not least, these systems are of interest for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, and related ind- tries. In order to meet the thermodynamic challenges involved in these complex mixtures, we employed a variety of traditional methods but also new methods, such as the fluctuation t- ory of Kirkwood and Buff and ab initio quantum mechanical techniques. The Kirkwood-Buff (KB) theory is a rigorous formalism which is free of any of the - proximations usually used in the thermodynamic treatment of multicomponent systems. This theory appears to be very fruitful when applied to the above mentioned “difficult” systems.

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics Book
Author : Joseph F. Zemaitis, Jr.,Diane M. Clark,Marshall Rafal,Noel C. Scrivner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-09-16
ISBN : 0470938404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expertise in electrolyte systems has become increasingly important in traditional CPI operations, as well as in oil/gas exploration and production. This book is the source for predicting electrolyte systems behavior, an indispensable "do-it-yourself" guide, with a blueprint for formulating predictive mathematical electrolyte models, recommended tabular values to use in these models, and annotated bibliographies. The final chapter is a general recipe for formulating complete predictive models for electrolytes, along with a series of worked illustrative examples. It can serve as a useful research and application tool for the practicing process engineer, and as a textbook for the chemical engineering student.

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1. Survey of the properties of water. 1.1. Introduction and some historical notes. 1.2. Properties of water in the gaseous phase. 1.3. Properties of water in the solid phase. 1.4. Properties of water in the liquid phase. 1.5. The Kirkwood-Buff integral. 1.6. Solvation of water in water. 1.7. The importance of water in biological systems -- 2. Theoretical approaches to the study of liquid water. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. The general theoretical framework. 2.3. The mixture-model approach to liquid water. 2.4. Lattice models for water. 2.5. A one-dimensional model for water. 2.6. A two-dimensional model for water. 2.7. Three-dimensional models for water -- 3. Water with one simple solute. 3.1. Introduction and some historical notes. 3.2. Survey of some properties of simple aqueous solutions. 3.3. Solvation and conditional solvation. 3.4. Statistical mechanical expressions for the solvation thermodynamic quantities. 3.5. Application of the mixture-model approach to water. 3.6. Application of an interstitial model for water to aqueous solutions. 3.7. The problem of stabilization of the structure of water. 3.8. Application of the scaled particle theory. 3.9. Application of a one-dimensional model. 3.10. Applications of two-dimensional models. 3.11. Applications of three-dimensional models -- 4. Water with two solute molecules ; hydrophobic hydrophilic phenomena. 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. The experimental evidence. 4.3. Redefinition of the HøO interaction. 4.4. A simple measure of the strength of the "Pure" HøO interaction. 4.5. Intramolecular HøO interactions. 4.6. Application of the scaled particle theory. 4.7. Temperature and pressure dependence. 4.8. Solvent induced interactions between two hydrophilic HøI groups. 4.9. Application of one-dimensional models to study hydrophobic interactions. 4.10. Application of two-dimensional models. 4.11. Application of three-dimensional models. 4.12. Hydrophobic or hydrophilic? That is the question!

Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions Containing One Or More Volatile Weak Electrolytes

Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions Containing One Or More Volatile Weak Electrolytes Book
Author : Thomas James Edwards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions Containing One Or More Volatile Weak Electrolytes book written by Thomas James Edwards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Polymer Thermodynamics

Polymer Thermodynamics Book
Author : Sabine Enders,Bernhard A. Wolf
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-01-18
ISBN : 3642176828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Making Flory-Huggins Practical: Thermodynamics of Polymer-Containing Mixtures, by B. A. Wolf * Aqueous Solutions of Polyelectrolytes: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium and Some Related Properties, by G. Maurer, S. Lammertz, and L. Ninni Schäfer * Gas-Polymer Interactions: Key Thermodynamic Data and Thermophysical Properties, by J.-P. E. Grolier, and S. A.E. Boyer * Interfacial Tension in Binary Polymer Blends and the Effects of Copolymers as Emulsifying Agents, by S. H. Anastasiadis * Theory of Random Copolymer Fractionation in Columns, by Sabine Enders * Computer Simulations and Coarse-Grained Molecular Models Predicting the Equation of State of Polymer Solutions, by K. Binder, B. Mognetti, W. Paul, P. Virnau, and L. Yelash * Modeling of Polymer Phase Equilibria Using Equations of State, by G. Sadowski

Experimental Physical Chemistry

Experimental Physical Chemistry Book
Author : Arthur Halpern,George McBane
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2006-06-30
ISBN : 9780716717355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Experimental Physical Chemistry' includes complete lists of necessary materials, detailed background material for each experiment, and relevant sections on measurements and error analysis.

Biominerals

Biominerals Book
Author : F.C.M. Driessens,R.K. Verbeeck
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-09-26
ISBN : 9780849352805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive analysis of biominerals, in particular phosphates and carbonates of calcium. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of solid state chemistry and thermodynamics of ionic solid solutions and applies these theories to show how physiological constituents like sodium, magnesium, carbonate, chloride, fluoride, lead, or strontium influence the formation, stability, and solubility of calcium phosphates. The results of this discussion are then applied to a critical evaluation of data regarding minerals in bone, dentin, and tooth enamel, their formation during growth and turn-over, their stability under physiological conditions and their breakdown under pathological conditions. These principles are also applied to pathological calcifications such as renal calculi, arterial wall calcifications, chondrocalcinosis, dental calculus and salivary stones. A similar approach is used as the authors discuss carbonations such as calcite, dolomite, and aragonite. The book also includes an extensive analysis of the advantageous effects of magnesium supplementation. The wealth of knowledge in this extensive treatise of biominerals is valuable to medical, dental and ecological biologists, as well as scientists and clinicians in the fields of osteoporosis, bone diseases, caries, renal stone disease, parodontology and nutrition.

Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions

Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions Book
Author : Lloyd L. Lee
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9812814183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The introductory textbook provides an update on electrolyte thermodynamics with a molecular perspective. It is eminently suited as an introduction to the solution thermodynamics of ionic mixtures at the undergraduate and graduate level. It is also invaluable for the understanding and design in the engineering of natural gas treating and adsorption refrigeration with electrolytes.

Steam Water and Hydrothermal Systems

Steam  Water  and Hydrothermal Systems Book
Author : Peter R. Tremaine,International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam
Publisher : NRC Research Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0660177781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work includes 140 papers on pure and applied research of physics and chemistry of hydrothermal systems. It includes papers on metastable states, nucleation, super-cooled water and high temperature aqueous solutions.

Thermodynamics of the Earth and Planets

Thermodynamics of the Earth and Planets Book
Author : Alberto Patiño Douce
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-08-25
ISBN : 1139497014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides an intuitive yet mathematically rigorous introduction to the thermodynamics and thermal physics of planetary processes. It demonstrates how the workings of planetary bodies can be understood in depth by reducing them to fundamental physics and chemistry. The book is based on two courses taught by the author for many years at the University of Georgia. It includes 'Guided Exercise' boxes; end-of-chapter problems (worked solutions provided online); and software boxes (Maple code provided online). As well as being an ideal textbook on planetary thermodynamics for advanced students in the Earth and planetary sciences, it also provides an innovative and quantitative complement to more traditional courses in geological thermodynamics, petrology, chemical oceanography and planetary science. In addition to its use as a textbook, it is also of great interest to researchers looking for a 'one stop' source of concepts and techniques that they can apply to their research problems.

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Book
Author : Christian Wohlfarth
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-08-10
ISBN : 146655438X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A large amount of experimental data has been published since the debut of the original CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions. Incorporating new and updated material, the CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions provides a comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions. It helps readers quickly retrieve necessary information from the literature, and assists researchers in planning new measurements where data are missing. A valuable resource for the modern chemistry field, the Handbook clearly details how measurements were conducted and methodically explains the nomenclature. It presents data essential for the production and use of polymers as well as for understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions.

Journal of the Chemical Society

Journal of the Chemical Society Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1892
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of the Chemical Society book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of the Chemical Society

Journal of the Chemical Society Book
Author : Chemical Society (Great Britain)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1892
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of the Chemical Society book written by Chemical Society (Great Britain), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions of Quaternary Ammonium Salts

Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions of Quaternary Ammonium Salts Book
Author : Wen-Yang Wen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thermodynamics of Aqueous Solutions of Quaternary Ammonium Salts book written by Wen-Yang Wen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.