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Solution Thermodynamics And Its Application To Aqueous Solutions

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Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Yoshikata Koga
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2017-04-01
ISBN : 9780444636294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions, Second Edition, introduces a differential approach to solution thermodynamics and applies it to the study of aqueous solutions. This valuable approach reveals the molecular processes in solutions in greater depth than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. The book clarifies what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. By applying the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series, the author shows that the kosmotropes are either hydrophobes or hydration centres, and that chaotropes are hydrophiles. This unique approach and important updates make the new edition a "must-have" reference for those active in solution chemistry. Unique differential approach to solution thermodynamics allows for experimental evaluation of the intermolecular interaction Incorporates research findings from over 40 articles published since the previous edition Numerical or graphical evaluation and direct experimental determination of third derivatives, enthalpic and volumetric AL-AL interactions and amphiphiles are new to this edition Features new chapters on spectroscopic study in aqueous solutions as well as environmentally friendly and hostile water aqueous solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Yoshikata Koga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-28
ISBN : 0444636307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions: A Differential Approach, Second Edition introduces a differential approach to solution thermodynamics, applying it to the study of aqueous solutions. This valuable approach reveals the molecular processes in solutions in greater depth than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. The book clarifies what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. By applying the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series, the author shows that the kosmotropes are either hydrophobes or hydration centers, and that chaotropes are hydrophiles. This unique approach and important updates make the new edition a must-have reference for those active in solution chemistry. Unique differential approach to solution thermodynamics allows for experimental evaluation of the intermolecular interaction Incorporates research findings from over 40 articles published since the previous edition Numerical or graphical evaluation and direct experimental determination of third derivatives, enthalpic and volumetric AL-AL interactions and amphiphiles are new to this edition Features new chapters on spectroscopic study in aqueous solutions as well as environmentally friendly and hostile water aqueous solutions

A Different Thermodynamics and its True Heroes

A Different Thermodynamics and its True Heroes Book
Author : Evgeni B. Starikov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-01
ISBN : 042901452X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern thermodynamics is a unique but still not a logically self-consistent field of knowledge. It has a proven universal applicability and significance but its actual potential is still latent. The development of the foundations of thermodynamics was in effect non-stop but absolutely no one has any idea about this. This book is the first of its kind that will motivate researchers to build up a logically consistent field of thermodynamics. It greatly appreciates the actual depth and potential of thermodynamics which might also be of interest to readers in history and philosophy of scientific research. The book presents the life stories of the protagonists in detail and allows readers to cast a look at the whole scene of the field by showcasing a significant number of their colleagues whose works have fittingly complemented their achievements. It also tries to trigger a detailed analysis of the reasons why the actual work in this extremely important field has in effect gone astray. It comprises five chapters and introduces three scientists in the first two chapters, which are specifically devoted to the Scandinavian achievements in macroscopic thermodynamics. These introductions are novel and call for a detailed reconsideration of the field. The third chapter acquaints the readers with their fourth colleague in Germany who was working on the proper link between the macroscopic thermodynamics, kinetics, and the atomistic representation of matter. The fourth chapter brings in their fifth colleague in the United States who could formally infer the famous formula S = k * ln(W), ingeniously guessed by Ludwig Boltzmann, and thus clarify the physical sense of the entropy notion. The last chapter summarizes the above-mentioned discourses.

Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions

Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Marcel Pourbaix
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1949
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions book written by Marcel Pourbaix, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY Volume I

FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY   Volume I Book
Author : Sergio Carrà
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-05-05
ISBN : 1905839588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Chemistry theme in two volumes, is a component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme is organized into six different topics which represent the main scientific areas : History and Fundamentals of Chemistry; Chemical Experimentation and Instrumentation; Theoretical Approach to Chemistry; Chemical Thermodynamics; Rates of Chemical Reactions; Chemical Synthesis of Substances. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to explain the unusual properties of both pure liquid water and simple aqueous solutions, in terms of the properties of single molecules and interactions among small numbers of water molecules. It is mostly the result of the author's own research spanning over 40 years in the field of aqueous solutions. An understanding of the properties of liquid water is a prelude to the understanding of the role of water in biological systems and for the evolvement of life. The book is targeted at anyone who is interested in the outstanding properties of water and its role in biological systems. It is addressed to both students and researchers in chemistry, physics and biology.

Thermodynamics of Solutions

Thermodynamics of Solutions Book
Author : Eli Ruckenstein,Ivan L. Shulgin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-17
ISBN : 9781441904409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of a number of papers regarding the thermodynamics and structure of multicomponent systems that we have published during the last decade. Even though they involve different topics and different systems, they have something in common which can be considered as the “signature” of the present book. First, these papers are concerned with “difficult” or very nonideal systems, i. e. systems with very strong interactions (e. g. , hyd- gen bonding) between components or systems with large differences in the partial molar v- umes of the components (e. g. , the aqueous solutions of proteins), or systems that are far from “normal” conditions (e. g. , critical or near-critical mixtures). Second, the conventional th- modynamic methods are not sufficient for the accurate treatment of these mixtures. Last but not least, these systems are of interest for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, and related ind- tries. In order to meet the thermodynamic challenges involved in these complex mixtures, we employed a variety of traditional methods but also new methods, such as the fluctuation t- ory of Kirkwood and Buff and ab initio quantum mechanical techniques. The Kirkwood-Buff (KB) theory is a rigorous formalism which is free of any of the - proximations usually used in the thermodynamic treatment of multicomponent systems. This theory appears to be very fruitful when applied to the above mentioned “difficult” systems.

Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions

Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions Book
Author : Kenneth S. Pitzer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-04
ISBN : 1351077929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book was first published in 1991. It considers the concepts and theories relating to mostly aqueous systems of activity coefficients.

High Temperature Aqueous Solutions

High Temperature Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Roberto Fernandez-Prini
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1991-12-19
ISBN : 9780849357602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough discussion of the thermodynamics of aqueous solutions and presents tools for analyzing and solving scientific and practical problems arising in this area. It also presents methods that can be used to deal with ionic and nonionic aqueous solutions under sub- or supercritical conditions. Illustrations and tables give examples of procedures employed to predict thermodynamic quantities of the solutions, and an appendix summarizing statistical mechanical equations used to describe the systems is also provided. High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions: Thermodynamic Properties contains essential information for physical chemists, geochemists, geophysicists, chemical technicians, and scientists involved in electric power generation.

Polymer Thermodynamics

Polymer Thermodynamics Book
Author : Sabine Enders,Bernhard A. Wolf
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-01-18
ISBN : 3642176828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Making Flory-Huggins Practical: Thermodynamics of Polymer-Containing Mixtures, by B. A. Wolf * Aqueous Solutions of Polyelectrolytes: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium and Some Related Properties, by G. Maurer, S. Lammertz, and L. Ninni Schäfer * Gas-Polymer Interactions: Key Thermodynamic Data and Thermophysical Properties, by J.-P. E. Grolier, and S. A.E. Boyer * Interfacial Tension in Binary Polymer Blends and the Effects of Copolymers as Emulsifying Agents, by S. H. Anastasiadis * Theory of Random Copolymer Fractionation in Columns, by Sabine Enders * Computer Simulations and Coarse-Grained Molecular Models Predicting the Equation of State of Polymer Solutions, by K. Binder, B. Mognetti, W. Paul, P. Virnau, and L. Yelash * Modeling of Polymer Phase Equilibria Using Equations of State, by G. Sadowski

A Textbook of Physical Chemistry Application of Thermodynamics Volume 3 5th Edition

A Textbook of Physical Chemistry   Application of Thermodynamics   Volume 3  5th Edition Book
Author : K L Kapoor
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 9389811341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 3 is the third book of the 7-volume series on Physical Chemistry written by Dr. K L Kapoor. This book is useful for 2nd and 3rd Semester students of B.Sc Chemistry (Hons and Gen). Updated fifth edition on Applications of Thermodynamics includes thoroughly updated chapter on electrochemical cells which has been written in accordance with the IUPAC recommendations. In addition to this, a brief discussion on the stability of ions of an element in different states of oxidation has been added in terms of Latimer and Frost diagrams. New illustrations on calculation of mean activity coefficient for an electrolyte have been added. Salient Features: 1. Coverage and structuring as per the latest UGC syllabus. 2. Strict adherence to the usage of SI units in all solved and unsolved problems. 3. Following the IUPAC recommendations, arrows have been changed to “equal to” sign and emf to “potential”. 4. Numerical exercises have been categorized topicwise to enable the students solve them.

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics Book
Author : Joseph F. Zemaitis, Jr.,Diane M. Clark,Marshall Rafal,Noel C. Scrivner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-09-16
ISBN : 0470938404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expertise in electrolyte systems has become increasingly important in traditional CPI operations, as well as in oil/gas exploration and production. This book is the source for predicting electrolyte systems behavior, an indispensable "do-it-yourself" guide, with a blueprint for formulating predictive mathematical electrolyte models, recommended tabular values to use in these models, and annotated bibliographies. The final chapter is a general recipe for formulating complete predictive models for electrolytes, along with a series of worked illustrative examples. It can serve as a useful research and application tool for the practicing process engineer, and as a textbook for the chemical engineering student.

Thermodynamics of Solution of Gases in Aqueous Solutions

Thermodynamics of Solution of Gases in Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thermodynamics of Solution of Gases in Aqueous Solutions book written by Arieh Ben-Naim, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions

Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions Book
Author : Jean-Luc Popot
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-08
ISBN : 3319731483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first to be entirely devoted to the challenging art of handling membrane proteins out of their natural environment, a key process in biological and pharmaceutical research, but one plagued with difficulties and pitfalls. Written by one of the foremost experts in the field, Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions is accessible to any member of a membrane biology laboratory. After presenting the structure, functions, dynamics, synthesis, natural environment and lipid interactions of membrane proteins, the author discusses the principles of extracting them with detergents, the mechanisms of detergent-induced destabilization, countermeasures, and recent progress in developing detergents with weaker denaturing properties. Non-conventional alternatives to detergents, including bicelles, nanodiscs, amphipathic peptides, fluorinated surfactants and amphipols, are described, and their relative advantages and drawbacks are compared. The synthesis and solution properties of the various types of amphipols are presented, as well as the formation and properties of membrane protein/amphipol complexes and the transfer of amphipol-trapped proteins to detergents, nanodiscs, lipidic mesophases, or living cells. The final chapters of the book deal with applications: membrane protein in vitro folding and cell-free expression, solution studies, NMR, crystallography, electron microscopy, mass spectrometry, amphipol-mediated immobilization of membrane proteins, and biomedical applications. Important features of the book include introductory sections describing foundations as well as the state-of-the-art for each of the biophysical techniques discussed, and topical tables which organize a widely dispersed literature. Boxes and annexes throughout the book explain technical aspects, and twelve detailed experimental protocols, ranging from in vitro folding of membrane proteins to single-particle electron cryomicroscopy, have been contributed by and commented on by experienced users. Membrane Proteins in Aqueous Solutions offers a concise, accessible introduction to membrane protein biochemistry and biophysics, as well as comprehensive coverage of the properties and uses of conventional and non-conventional surfactants. It will be useful both in basic and applied research laboratories and as a teaching aid for students, instructors, researchers, and professionals within the field.

Electrochemical Engineering

Electrochemical Engineering Book
Author : Thomas F. Fuller,John N. Harb
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-15
ISBN : 1119446589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Comprehensive Reference for Electrochemical Engineering Theory and Application From chemical and electronics manufacturing, to hybrid vehicles, energy storage, and beyond, electrochemical engineering touches many industries—any many lives—every day. As energy conservation becomes of central importance, so too does the science that helps us reduce consumption, reduce waste, and lessen our impact on the planet. Electrochemical Engineering provides a reference for scientists and engineers working with electrochemical processes, and a rigorous, thorough text for graduate students and upper-division undergraduates. Merging theoretical concepts with widespread application, this book is designed to provide critical knowledge in a real-world context. Beginning with the fundamental principles underpinning the field, the discussion moves into industrial and manufacturing processes that blend central ideas to provide an advanced understanding while explaining observable results. Fully-worked illustrations simplify complex processes, and end-of chapter questions help reinforce essential knowledge. With in-depth coverage of both the practical and theoretical, this book is both a thorough introduction to and a useful reference for the field. Rigorous in depth, yet grounded in relevance, Electrochemical Engineering: Introduces basic principles from the standpoint of practical application Explores the kinetics of electrochemical reactions with discussion on thermodynamics, reaction fundamentals, and transport Covers battery and fuel cell characteristics, mechanisms, and system design Delves into the design and mechanics of hybrid and electric vehicles, including regenerative braking, start-stop hybrids, and fuel cell systems Examines electrodeposition, redox-flow batteries, electrolysis, regenerative fuel cells, semiconductors, and other applications of electrochemical engineering principles Overlapping chemical engineering, chemistry, material science, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering, electrochemical engineering covers a diverse array of phenomena explained by some of the important scientific discoveries of our time. Electrochemical Engineering provides the critical understanding required to work effectively with these processes as they become increasingly central to global sustainability.

Water in Crystalline Hydrates Aqueous Solutions of Simple Nonelectrolytes

Water in Crystalline Hydrates Aqueous Solutions of Simple Nonelectrolytes Book
Author : Felix Franks
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-18
ISBN : 147576958X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

vi the information collected and discussed in this volume may help toward the achievement of such an objective. I should like to express my debt of gratitude to the authors who have contributed to this volume. Editing a work of this nature can strain long established personal relationships and I thank my various colleagues for bearing with me and responding (sooner or later) to one or several letters or telephone calls. My special thanks once again go to Mrs. Joyce Johnson, who bore the main brunt of this seemingly endless correspondence and without whose help the editorial and referencing work would have taken several years. F. FRANKS Biophysics Division Unilever Research Laboratory Colworth/ Welwyn Colworth House, Sharnbrook, Bedford January, 1973 Contents Contents of Volume 1 ............................. . . . . . .. . . .. xv Contents of Volume 3 ........................ '. . . . . . . . . . . . xvi . . . . Contents of Volume 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . xvii . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 1 The Solvent Properties of Water F. Franks 1. Water, the Universal Solvent-the Study of Aqueous Solutions 2. Aqueous Solutions of Nonelectrolytes ................. . 5 2.1. Apolar Solutes ................................. . 6 2.2. Polar Solutes .................................. . 19 2.3. Ionic Solutes Containing Alkyl Residues-"Apolar Electrolytes" ................................... . 38 3. Aqueous Solutions of Electrolytes .................... . 42 3.1. Single Ion Properties ............................ . 42 3.2. Ion-Water Interactions ......................... . 43 3.3. Interionic Effects ............................... . 47 4. Complex Aqueous Mixtures 48 Chapter 2 Water in Stoichiometric Hydrates M. Falk and O. Knop 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. Symmetry and Types of Environment of the H0 Molecule 2 in Crystals .......................................... 57 vii Contents viii 2.1. Site Symmetry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 . . . . . . . . . .

Research and Development Progress Report

Research and Development Progress Report Book
Author : United States. Office of Saline Water
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Research and Development Progress Report book written by United States. Office of Saline Water, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

U S Environmental Protection Agency Library System Book Catalog Holdings as of July 1973

U S  Environmental Protection Agency Library System Book Catalog Holdings as of July 1973 Book
Author : United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Library Systems Branch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download U S Environmental Protection Agency Library System Book Catalog Holdings as of July 1973 book written by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Library Systems Branch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biominerals

Biominerals Book
Author : F.C.M. Driessens,R.K. Verbeeck
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-09-26
ISBN : 9780849352805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive analysis of biominerals, in particular phosphates and carbonates of calcium. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of solid state chemistry and thermodynamics of ionic solid solutions and applies these theories to show how physiological constituents like sodium, magnesium, carbonate, chloride, fluoride, lead, or strontium influence the formation, stability, and solubility of calcium phosphates. The results of this discussion are then applied to a critical evaluation of data regarding minerals in bone, dentin, and tooth enamel, their formation during growth and turn-over, their stability under physiological conditions and their breakdown under pathological conditions. These principles are also applied to pathological calcifications such as renal calculi, arterial wall calcifications, chondrocalcinosis, dental calculus and salivary stones. A similar approach is used as the authors discuss carbonations such as calcite, dolomite, and aragonite. The book also includes an extensive analysis of the advantageous effects of magnesium supplementation. The wealth of knowledge in this extensive treatise of biominerals is valuable to medical, dental and ecological biologists, as well as scientists and clinicians in the fields of osteoporosis, bone diseases, caries, renal stone disease, parodontology and nutrition.

Application of Thermodynamics to Biological and Materials Science

Application of Thermodynamics to Biological and Materials Science Book
Author : Mizutani Tadashi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-01-14
ISBN : 9533079800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress of thermodynamics has been stimulated by the findings of a variety of fields of science and technology. The principles of thermodynamics are so general that the application is widespread to such fields as solid state physics, chemistry, biology, astronomical science, materials science, and chemical engineering. The contents of this book should be of help to many scientists and engineers.